March 01, 2009 at 19:35 PM EST
Brookdale Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2008 Results

Highlights

- Extended its Line of Credit until August 2010.

- Average occupancy for the fourth quarter was 89.7%, flat with the third quarter of 2008 and down from 90.6% for the fourth quarter of 2007. Average occupancy for the full year was 89.6% compared to 90.7% for the full year of 2007.

- Average monthly revenue per unit was $3,830 in the fourth quarter, an increase of 5.2% over the fourth quarter of 2007, and $3,791 for the full year of 2008, a 6.0% increase over the same period of 2007.

- Revenue for the fourth quarter was $486.9 million, up 3.7% from the fourth quarter of 2007. Revenue for the full year 2008 was $1.9 billion, a 4.8% increase from $1.8 billion for the full year 2007.

- Cash From Facility Operations for the fourth quarter was $0.35 per outstanding common share, excluding integration and hurricane/named storm-related expenses of $0.03 per outstanding common share. For the full year 2008, Cash From Facility Operations was $1.52 per outstanding common share, excluding integration and other non-recurring expenses of $0.19 per outstanding common share and hurricane/named storm-related expenses of $0.05 per outstanding common share.

- Fourth quarter net loss of $(278.8) million, or $(2.75) per diluted common share, including non-cash expenses of $80.5 million for depreciation and amortization, non-cash stock-based compensation expense and straight-line lease expense, net of deferred gain amortization. Also included is a $220.0 million non-cash impairment charge.

NASHVILLE, Tenn., March 1 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Brookdale Senior Living Inc. (NYSE: BKD) (the "Company") today reported financial results for the fourth quarter of 2008. Net loss, including a non-cash impairment charge of $220.0 million in the fourth quarter, for the quarter and twelve months ended December 31, 2008 was $(278.8) million and $(373.2) million, respectively, or $(2.75) and $(3.67) per diluted common share. The loss for the quarter and year also includes non-cash items for depreciation and amortization, non-cash stock-based compensation expense and straight-line lease expense, net of deferred gain amortization, which totaled $80.5 million and $331.1 million, respectively.

Bill Sheriff, Brookdale's CEO, said, "We performed well during the fourth quarter. Occupancy held up in spite of an extremely challenging environment, revenue per unit increased by greater than 5%, our ancillary services programs continued to exceed expectations and we began to see the results of our aggressive cost reduction efforts. In our fourth quarter same store results, labor-related costs, supplies, travel, and training expenses all trended down from the third quarter. As validated in our January results, we believe our cost control actions, along with more aggressive control of capital expenditures, will continue to positively impact our cash flow going forward."

Mark Ohlendorf, Co-President and CFO of Brookdale, commented, "After giving effect to the amendment and extension of our line of credit and our expected exercise of extension options on certain other mortgage debt, we will have extended virtually all of our 2009 mortgage debt and credit facility maturities. We believe Brookdale is in a solid liquidity position - with our decision to suspend the dividend we have additional cash flow to deleverage our balance sheet. We plan initially to use the cash flow generated by our operations to reduce the debt outstanding on our corporate line."

Brookdale's management utilizes Adjusted EBITDA and Cash From Facility Operations to evaluate the Company's performance and liquidity because these metrics exclude non-cash expenses such as depreciation and amortization (including non-cash impairment charges), non-cash stock-based compensation expense and straight-line lease expense, net of deferred gain amortization. Brookdale also uses Facility Operating Income to assess the performance of its facilities.

For the quarter and twelve months ended December 31, 2008, Adjusted EBITDA was $75.6 million and $302.6 million, respectively. Facility Operating Income was $156.3 million and $637.5 million for the quarter and twelve month periods ended December 31, 2008, respectively.

For the quarter and twelve months ended December 31, 2008, Cash From Facility Operations was $32.4 million and $130.1 million, respectively, or $0.32 and $1.28 per common share outstanding at December 31, 2008.

Fourth quarter Adjusted EBITDA and Cash From Facility Operations included one-time expenses related to hurricanes and other named tropical storms of $1.2 million and integration and severance costs of $2.3 million. Full year 2008 Adjusted EBITDA and Cash From Facility Operations included one-time expenses related to hurricanes and other named tropical storms of $4.8 million and integration and severance costs of $11.5 million. Additionally, the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA and Cash From Facility Operations for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008 includes the effect of the $8.0 million reserve established for certain litigation.

Same store revenues grew 4.1% for the quarter ended December 31, 2008 over the same period in 2007, and same store Facility Operating Income decreased by 1.3% when compared to the fourth quarter of 2007. Same store revenues grew 4.4% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008 over the corresponding period ending in 2007, and same store Facility Operating Income decreased 1.3% when compared to the same prior year period. The three month and twelve month same store data excludes $7.0 million of charges in the fourth quarter of 2007 relating to integration-related accounting items. Schedules are presented later in this release with additional same store detail.

By the end of the fourth quarter, the Company's ancillary services programs provided therapy services to over 35,000 Brookdale units. At the end of the quarter, the Company's home health agencies were serving over 16,700 units across the total Brookdale portfolio, up from 7,400 units served a year ago. The therapy and home health services produced $143 of monthly Facility Operating Income per occupied unit in the fourth quarter across all units served and, in the legacy ARC portfolio alone, which has a higher health center mix than the balance of the Brookdale portfolio, monthly Facility Operating Income per occupied unit in the fourth quarter was $222.

Debt Maturities

During the fourth quarter of 2008, Brookdale extended the maturity of $33.0 million of debt initially due in 2009 by two years and, subsequent to year-end, extended until 2011 the maturity of $88.0 million of debt initially due in 2009. The Company currently has virtually no mortgage debt maturities due in 2009 and 2010 that do not contain contractual extension options. At December 31, 2008, the current portion of long-term debt was $158.5 million, comprised primarily of two mortgage loans in the aggregate amount of $131.0 million, which the Company has options to extend, and capitalized lease obligation amounts.

As previously announced, the Company recently entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement. The amended credit agreement consists of a $230 million revolving loan facility with a $25 million letter of credit sublimit. The agreement matures in August 2010 and incorporates mandatory prepayments. Additionally, the Company previously announced that it has recently closed on separate unsecured letter of credit facilities of up to $48.5 million in the aggregate. The letter of credit facilities mature in November 2011. Brookdale had $54.0 million of unrestricted cash on its balance sheet at the end of the fourth quarter.

Goodwill Impairment Charge

Similar to many companies, the Company experienced a significant decline in the market value of its common stock due primarily to the depressed macroeconomic environment and volatility in the equity markets in the fourth quarter of 2008. As a result, its market capitalization eroded and was significantly below book value in the fourth quarter when compared to previous periods. In accordance with the requirements of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets ("SFAS 142"), an impairment test of the goodwill was performed for each of the Company's reporting units as of the end of the fourth quarter. The fair values of the reporting units and their underlying assets were determined using discounted cash flows. As a result of the impairment tests, the Company recorded a non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $215.0 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2008. The non-cash charge does not impact ongoing business operations, liquidity, cash flows from operating activities or financial covenants and will not result in any future cash expenditure.

Earnings Conference Call

Brookdale's management will conduct a conference call on Monday, March 2, 2009 to review the financial results of its fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2008. The conference call is scheduled for 8:00 AM ET. All interested parties are welcome to participate in the live conference call. The conference call can be accessed by dialing (866) 845-7252 (from within the U.S.) or (706) 634-9069 (from outside of the U.S.) ten minutes prior to the scheduled start and referencing the "Brookdale Senior Living Fourth Quarter Earnings Call."

A webcast of the conference call will be available to the public on a listen-only basis at www.brookdaleliving.com. Please allow extra time prior to the call to visit the site and download the necessary software required to listen to the internet broadcast. A replay of the webcast will be available for three months following the call.

For those who cannot listen to the live call, a replay will be available until 11:59 PM ET on March 9, 2009 by dialing (800) 642-1687 (from within the U.S.) or (706) 645-9291 (from outside of the U.S.) and referencing access code "87021756." A copy of this earnings release is posted on the Investor Relations page of the Brookdale website (www.brookdaleliving.com).

About Brookdale Senior Living

Brookdale Senior Living Inc. is a leading owner and operator of senior living communities throughout the United States. The Company is committed to providing an exceptional living experience through properties that are designed, purpose-built and operated to provide the highest-quality service, care and living accommodations for residents. Currently the Company owns and operates independent living, assisted living, and dementia-care communities and continuing care retirement centers, with 548 communities in 35 states and the ability to serve approximately 52,000 residents.

Safe Harbor

Certain items in this press release and the associated earnings conference call may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Those forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties and include all statements that are not historical statements of fact and those regarding our intent, belief or expectations, including, but not limited to, statements relating to our operational initiatives and our expectations regarding their effect on our results; our expectations regarding occupancy, revenue, expense levels, the demand for senior housing, acquisition opportunities and asset dispositions; our belief regarding our growth prospects; our ability to secure financing or replace or extend existing debt as it matures; our ability to remain in compliance with all of our debt and lease agreements (including the financial covenants contained therein); our expectations regarding liquidity; our plans to deleverage and reduce the debt outstanding on our line of credit; our expectations regarding financings and refinancings of assets; our plans to generate growth organically through occupancy improvements, increases in annual rental rates and the achievement of operating efficiencies and cost savings; our plans to expand our offering of ancillary services (therapy and home health); our plans to expand existing communities; the expected project costs for our expansion program; our expected levels of expenditures and reimbursements (and the timing thereof); the anticipated cost and expense associated with the resolution of pending litigation and our expectations regarding the disposition thereof; our expectations for the performance of our entrance fee communities; our ability to anticipate, manage and address industry trends and their effect on our business; and our ability to increase revenues, earnings, Adjusted EBITDA, Cash From Facility Operations, and/or Facility Operating Income. Forward-looking statements are generally identifiable by use of forward-looking terminology such as "may," "will," "should," "potential," "intend," "expect," "endeavor," "seek," "anticipate," "estimate," "overestimate," "underestimate," "believe," "could," "would," "project," "predict," "continue," "plan" or other similar words or expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions or estimates, discuss future expectations, describe future plans and strategies, contain projections of results of operations or of financial condition, or state other forward-looking information. Our ability to predict results or the actual effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, actual results and performance could differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. Factors which could have a material adverse effect on our operations and future prospects or which could cause events or circumstances to differ from these forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the risk associated with the current global economic crisis and its impact upon capital markets and liquidity; our inability to extend (or refinance) debt as it matures or replace our amended credit facility when it matures; the risk that we may not be able to satisfy the conditions precedent to exercising the extension options associated with certain of our debt agreements; events which adversely affect the ability of seniors to afford our monthly resident fees or entrance fees; the conditions of housing markets in certain geographic areas; our ability to generate sufficient cash flow to cover required interest and long-term operating lease payments; the effect of our indebtedness and long-term operating leases on our liquidity; the risk of loss of property pursuant to our mortgage debt and long-term lease obligations; the possibilities that changes in the capital markets, including changes in interest rates and/or credit spreads, or other factors could make financing more expensive or unavailable to us; the risk that we may be required to post additional cash collateral in connection with our interest rate swaps; the risk that continued market deterioration could jeopardize certain of our counterparties' obligations; changes in governmental reimbursement programs; our limited operating history on a combined basis; our ability to effectively manage our growth; our ability to maintain consistent quality control; delays in obtaining regulatory approvals; our ability to integrate acquisitions into our operations; competition for the acquisition of assets; our ability to obtain additional capital on terms acceptable to us; a decrease in the overall demand for senior housing; our vulnerability to economic downturns; acts of nature in certain geographic areas; terminations of our resident agreements and vacancies in the living spaces we lease; increased competition for skilled personnel; increased union activity; departure of our key officers; increases in market interest rates; environmental contamination at any of our facilities; failure to comply with existing environmental laws; an adverse determination or resolution of complaints filed against us; the cost and difficulty of complying with increasing and evolving regulation; and other risks detailed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K. When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements in such SEC filings. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements, which reflect our management's views as of the date of this press release and/or the associated earnings conference call. The factors discussed above and the other factors noted in our SEC filings from time to time could cause our actual results to differ significantly from those contained in any forward-looking statement. We cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements and we expressly disclaim any obligation to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any statement is based.



                  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
                     (in thousands, except for per share data)

                                    Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
                                       December 31,          December 31,
                                       ------------          ------------
                                      2008      2007        2008        2007
                                      ----      ----        ----        ----
    Revenue
      Resident fees               $485,538  $467,446  $1,921,060  $1,832,507
      Management fees                1,390     2,012       6,994       6,789
                                     -----     -----       -----       -----
        Total revenue              486,928   469,458   1,928,054   1,839,296
                                   -------   -------   ---------   ---------

    Expense
      Facility operating
       expense (excluding
       depreciation and
       amortization of $51,752,
       $44,958, $195,517 and
       $222,315, respectively)     322,595   309,265   1,256,781   1,170,937
      General and
       administrative expense
       (including non-cash stock-
       based compensation
       expense of $5,569,
       ($6,037), $28,937 and
       $20,113, respectively)       31,286    26,869     140,919     138,013
      Hurricane and named
       tropical storms expense       1,187         -       4,800           -
      Facility lease expense        67,441    68,263     269,469     271,628
      Depreciation and
       amortization                 68,320    65,235     276,202     299,925
      Goodwill and asset
       impairment                  220,026         -     220,026           -
                                   -------       ---     -------         ---
        Total operating expense    710,855   469,632   2,168,197   1,880,503
                                   -------   -------   ---------   ---------
        Loss from operations      (223,927)     (174)   (240,143)    (41,207)

    Interest income                  1,449     2,441       7,618       7,519
    Interest expense:
      Debt                         (36,495)  (36,989)   (147,389)   (143,991)
      Amortization of deferred
       financing costs              (2,767)   (2,186)     (9,707)     (7,064)
      Change in fair value of
       derivatives and
       amortization                (50,802)  (42,329)    (68,146)    (73,222)
    Loss on extinguishment of
     debt                                -    (1,880)     (3,052)     (2,683)
    Equity in loss of
     unconsolidated ventures          (111)   (1,023)       (861)     (3,386)
    Other non-operating income       2,132       164       1,708         402
                                     -----       ---       -----         ---
    Loss before income taxes      (310,521)  (81,976)   (459,972)   (263,632)
    Benefit for income taxes        31,735    32,852      86,731     101,260
                                    ------    ------      ------     -------
    Loss before minority
     interest                     (278,786)  (49,124)   (373,241)   (162,372)
    Minority interest                    -      (113)          -         393
                                       ---      ----         ---         ---
        Net loss                 $(278,786) $(49,237)  $(373,241)  $(161,979)
                                 =========  ========   =========   =========

        Basic and diluted loss
         per share                  $(2.75)   $(0.49)     $(3.67)     $(1.60)
                                    ======    ======      ======      ======

        Weighted average shares
         used in computing basic
         and diluted loss per
         share                     101,424   101,656     101,667     101,511
                                   =======   =======     =======     =======

        Dividends declared per
         share                          $-     $0.50       $0.75       $1.95
                                        ==     =====       =====       =====



                   Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
                                  (in thousands)

                                      December 31, 2008 December 31, 2007
                                      ----------------- -----------------


    Cash and cash equivalents                   $53,973          $100,904
    Cash and escrow deposits - restricted        86,723            76,962
    Accounts receivable, net                     91,646            66,807
    Other current assets                         48,443            47,162
                                                 ------            ------
        Total current assets                    280,785           291,835
    Property, plant, and equipment and
     leasehold intangibles, net               3,694,784         3,760,453
    Other assets, net                           473,689           759,334
                                                -------           -------
        Total assets                         $4,449,258        $4,811,622
                                             ==========        ==========

    Current liabilities                        $646,012          $549,767
    Long-term debt, less current portion      2,235,000         2,119,217
    Other liabilities                           607,645           723,100
                                                -------           -------
        Total liabilities                     3,488,657         3,392,084
    Stockholders' equity                        960,601         1,419,538
                                                -------         ---------
        Total liabilities and
         stockholders' equity                $4,449,258        $4,811,622
                                             ==========        ==========



                     Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
                                  (in thousands)

                                                        Twelve Months Ended
                                                            December 31,
                                                        -------------------
                                                            2008       2007
                                                            ----       ----
    Cash Flows from Operating Activities
    Net loss                                           $(373,241) $(161,979)
    Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash
     provided by operating activities:
        Non-cash portion of loss on extinguishment of
         debt                                              3,052      2,683
        Depreciation and amortization                    285,909    306,989
        Goodwill and asset impairment                    220,026          -
        Minority interest                                      -       (393)
        Gain on sale of assets                            (2,131)      (457)
        Equity in loss of unconsolidated ventures            861      3,386
        Distributions from unconsolidated ventures
         from cumulative share of net earnings             3,752      1,521
        Amortization of deferred gain                     (4,342)    (4,342)
        Amortization of entrance fees                    (22,025)   (19,241)
        Proceeds from deferred entrance fee revenue       22,601     19,330
        Deferred income tax benefit                      (89,498)  (103,180)
        Change in deferred lease liability                20,585     25,439
        Change in fair value of derivatives and
         amortization                                     68,146     73,222
        Non-cash stock-based compensation                 28,937     20,113
      Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
        Accounts receivable, net                         (25,150)    (6,134)
        Prepaid expenses and other assets, net           (14,850)    14,783
        Accounts payable and accrued expenses             15,428     21,512
        Tenant refundable fees and security deposits      (1,293)     6,410
                                                          ------      -----
          Net cash provided by operating activities      136,767    199,662
                                                         -------    -------
    Cash Flows from Investing Activities
        Decrease in lease security deposits and lease
         acquisition deposits, net                         3,481      2,620
        Increase in cash and escrow deposits -
         restricted                                      (21,760)   (15,002)
        Net proceeds from sale of property, plant and
         equipment                                             -      6,700
        Additions to property, plant, and equipment
         and leasehold intangibles,
                net of related payables                 (189,028)  (169,556)
        Acquisition of assets, net of related
         payables and cash received                       (6,731)  (172,101)
        Payment on (issuance of) notes receivable, net    39,362    (11,133)
        Investment in unconsolidated ventures             (2,779)    (1,985)
        Distributions received from unconsolidated
         ventures                                          3,916      2,038
        Proceeds from sale of business                     2,935          -
        Proceeds from sale of unconsolidated venture       4,165          -
                                                           -----        ---
          Net cash used in investing activities         (166,439)  (358,419)
                                                        --------   --------
    Cash Flows from Financing Activities
        Proceeds from debt                               511,344    591,524
        Repayment of debt and capital lease
         obligations                                    (255,489)  (115,253)
        Buyout of capital lease obligation                     -    (51,114)
        Proceeds from line of credit                     339,453    671,500
        Repayment of line of credit                     (378,000)  (637,000)
        Payment of dividends                            (129,455)  (196,827)
        Purchase of treasury stock                       (29,187)         -
        Payment of financing costs, net of related
         payables                                        (14,292)   (14,012)
        Other                                             (2,974)    (1,010)
        Refundable entrance fees:
             Proceeds from refundable entrance fees       19,871     25,919
             Refunds of entrance fees                    (19,150)   (19,557)
        Recouponing and payment of swap termination      (58,140)   (60,503)
        Cash portion of loss on extinguishment of debt    (1,240)    (2,040)
                                                          ------     ------
             Net cash (used in) provided by financing
              activities                                 (17,259)   191,627
                                                         -------    -------
                    Net decrease in cash and cash
                     equivalents                         (46,931)    32,870
                    Cash and cash equivalents at
                      beginning of period                100,904     68,034
                                                         -------     ------
                    Cash and cash equivalents at
                     end of period                       $53,973   $100,904
                                                         =======   ========


Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for net income, income from operations or cash flows provided by or used in operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA is a key measure of the Company's operating performance used by management to focus on operating performance and management without mixing in items of income and expense that relate to long-term contracts and the financing and capitalization of the business. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes, non-operating (income) loss items, depreciation and amortization (including non-cash impairment charges), straight-line lease expense (income), amortization of deferred gain, amortization of deferred entrance fees, and non-cash compensation expense and including entrance fee receipts and refunds.

We believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors in evaluating our performance, results of operations and financial position for the following reasons:

  • It is helpful in identifying trends in our day-to-day performance because the items excluded have little or no significance to our day-to-day operations;
  • It provides an assessment of controllable expenses and affords management the ability to make decisions which are expected to facilitate meeting current financial goals as well as achieve optimal financial performance; and
  • It is an indication to determine if adjustments to current spending decisions are needed.



    The table below reconciles Adjusted EBITDA from net loss for the three and
    twelve months ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 (in thousands):



                                 Three Months Ended     Twelve Months Ended
                                    December 31,            December 31,
                                --------------------     -------------------
                                2008(1)   2007(1)(2)    2008(1)   2007(1)(2)
                                -------   -----------   -------   -----------
    Net loss                  $(278,786)    $(49,237) $(373,241)   $(161,979)
    Minority interest                 -          113          -         (393)
    Benefit for income taxes    (31,735)     (32,852)   (86,731)    (101,260)
    Equity in loss of
     unconsolidated ventures        111        1,023        861        3,386
    Loss on extinguishment
     of debt                          -        1,880      3,052        2,683
    Other non-operating
     income                      (2,132)        (164)    (1,708)        (402)
    Interest expense:
        Debt                     29,488       30,036    119,853      114,518
        Capitalized lease
         obligation               7,007        6,953     27,536       29,473
        Amortization of deferred
         financing costs          2,767        2,186      9,707        7,064
        Change in fair value of
         derivatives and
         amortization            50,802       42,329     68,146       73,222
    Interest income              (1,449)      (2,441)    (7,618)      (7,519)
                                 ------       ------     ------       ------
    Loss from operations       (223,927)        (174)  (240,143)     (41,207)
    Depreciation and
     amortization                68,320       65,235    276,202      299,925
    Goodwill and asset
     impairment                 220,026            -    220,026            -
    Straight-line lease
     expense                      4,910        6,624     20,585       25,439
    Amortization of deferred
     gain                        (1,085)      (1,087)    (4,342)      (4,342)
    Amortization of entrance
     fees                        (5,498)      (5,019)   (22,025)     (19,241)
    Non-cash compensation
     expense                      5,569       (6,037)    28,937       20,113
    Entrance fee receipts(3)     12,077       13,916     42,472       45,249
    Entrance fee
     disbursements               (4,819)      (4,069)   (19,150)     (19,557)
                                 ------       ------    -------      -------
    Adjusted EBITDA             $75,573      $69,389   $302,562     $306,379
                                =======      =======   ========     ========

    (1) The calculation of Adjusted EBITDA includes merger, integration, and
        hurricane/tropical storm costs totaling $3.5 million and $8.1 million
        for the three months ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively,
        and $16.3 million and $19.0 million for the twelve months ended
        December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.  Additionally, the
        calculation of Adjusted EBITDA for the twelve months ended December
        31, 2008 includes the effect of the $8.0 million reserve established
        for certain litigation.
    (2) Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2007 includes $7.0
        million of charges to facility operating expenses in the quarter ended
        December 31, 2007, which relates to the Company's desire to conform
        its policies across all of its platforms including $5.9 million
        related to estimated uncollectible accounts and $1.1 million of
        accounting conformity adjustments pertaining to inventory and certain
        accrual policies.
    (3) Includes the receipt of refundable and non-refundable entrance fees.


Cash From Facility Operations

Cash From Facility Operations (CFFO) is a measurement of liquidity that is not calculated in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered in isolation as a substitute for cash flows provided by or used in operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP. We define CFFO as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities adjusted for changes in operating assets and liabilities, deferred interest and fees added to principal, refundable entrance fees received, entrance fee refunds disbursed, lease financing debt amortization with fair market value or no purchase options, other, and recurring capital expenditures. Recurring capital expenditures include expenditures capitalized in accordance with GAAP that are funded from CFFO. Amounts excluded from recurring capital expenditures consist primarily of unusual or non-recurring capital items (including integration capital expenditures), facility purchases and/or major projects or renovations that are funded using financing proceeds and/or proceeds from the sale of facilities that are held for sale. Beginning in 2008, our calculation of CFFO was modified to subtract principal amortization related to our capital leases that contain fair market value or no purchase options.

We believe CFFO is useful to investors in evaluating our liquidity for the following reasons:

  • It provides an assessment of our ability to facilitate meeting current financial and liquidity goals.
  • To assess our ability to:

             (i)   service our outstanding indebtedness;
             (ii)  pay dividends; and
             (iii) make regular recurring capital expenditures to maintain and
                   improve our facilities.


    The table below reconciles CFFO from net cash provided by operating
    activities for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2008 and
    2007 (in thousands):



                               Three Months Ended     Twelve Months Ended
                                  December 31,            December 31,
                             --------------------     -------------------
                            2008(1)  2007(1)(2)(3)   2008(1)  2007(1)(2)(3)
                            -------  -------------   -------  -------------

    Net cash provided by
     operating activities   $29,413        $61,253  $136,767       $199,662
    Changes in operating
     assets and liabilities  12,562        (33,117)   25,865        (36,571)
    Refundable entrance
     fees received(4)         4,686          8,901    19,871         25,919
    Entrance fee refunds
     disbursed               (4,819)        (4,069)  (19,150)       (19,557)
    Recurring capital
     expenditures, net       (7,696)        (5,561)  (27,312)       (25,048)
    Lease financing debt
     amortization with fair
     market value or no
     purchase options        (1,716)        (1,420)   (6,691)        (5,594)
    Reimbursement of
     operating expenses and
     other                        -          1,320       794          4,430
                                ---          -----       ---          -----
    Cash From Facility
     Operations             $32,430        $27,307  $130,144       $143,241
                            =======        =======  ========       ========

    (1) The calculation of CFFO includes merger, integration, and
        hurricane/tropical storm costs totaling $3.5 million and $8.1 million
        for the three months ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively,
        and $16.3 million and $19.0 million for the twelve months ended
        December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.  Additionally, the
        calculation of CFFO for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008
        includes the effect of the $8.0 million reserve established for
        certain litigation.
    (2) CFFO for the year ended December 31, 2007 includes $7.0 million of
        charges to facility operating expenses in the quarter ended December
        31, 2007, which relates to the Company's desire to conform its
        policies across all of its platforms including $5.9 million of
        estimated uncollectible accounts and $1.1 million of accounting
        conformity adjustments pertaining to inventory and certain accrual
        policies.
    (3) The December 31, 2007 amounts have been reclassified to conform to the
        modified definition of CFFO used for the current period.
    (4) Total entrance fee receipts for the three months ended December 31,
        2008 and 2007 were $12.1 million and $13.9 million, respectively,
        including $7.4 million and $5.0 million, respectively, of non-
        refundable entrance fee receipts included in net cash provided by
        operating activities.  Total entrance fee receipts for the twelve
        months ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 were $42.5 million and $45.2
        million, respectively, including $22.6 million and $19.3 million,
        respectively, of non-refundable entrance fee receipts included in net
        cash provided by operating activities.


The calculation of CFFO per outstanding common share is based on outstanding common shares at the end of the period, excluding any unvested restricted shares.

Facility Operating Income

Facility Operating Income is not a measurement of operating performance calculated in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered in isolation as a substitute for net income, income from operations, or cash flows provided by or used in operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP. We define Facility Operating Income as net income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes, non-operating (income) loss items, depreciation and amortization (including non-cash impairment charges), facility lease expense, general and administrative expense, including non-cash stock compensation expense, amortization of deferred entrance fee revenue and management fees.

We believe Facility Operating Income is useful to investors in evaluating our facility operating performance for the following reasons:

  • It is helpful in identifying trends in our day-to-day facility performance;
  • It provides an assessment of our revenue generation and expense management; and
  • It provides an indicator to determine if adjustments to current spending decisions are needed.



    The table below reconciles Facility Operating Income from net loss for the
    three and twelve months ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 (in thousands):



                                   Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
                                      December 31,         December 31,
                                 --------------------   -------------------
                                      2008  2007(1)        2008   2007(1)
                                      ----  --------       ----   --------

    Net loss                     $(278,786) $(49,237) $(373,241) $(161,979)
    Minority interest                    -       113          -       (393)
    Benefit for income taxes       (31,735)  (32,852)   (86,731)  (101,260)
    Equity in loss of
     unconsolidated ventures           111     1,023        861      3,386
    Loss on extinguishment of
     debt                                -     1,880      3,052      2,683
    Other non-operating income      (2,132)     (164)    (1,708)      (402)
    Interest expense:
        Debt                        29,488    30,036    119,853    114,518
        Capitalized lease
         obligation                  7,007     6,953     27,536     29,473
        Amortization of deferred
         financing costs             2,767     2,186      9,707      7,064
        Change in fair value of
         derivatives and
         amortization               50,802    42,329     68,146     73,222
    Interest income                 (1,449)   (2,441)    (7,618)    (7,519)
                                    ------    ------     ------     ------
    Loss from operations          (223,927)     (174)  (240,143)   (41,207)
    Depreciation and
     amortization                   68,320    65,235    276,202    299,925
    Goodwill and asset
     impairment                    220,026         -    220,026          -
    Facility lease expense          67,441    68,263    269,469    271,628
    General and administrative
     (including non-cash
     stock compensation expense)    31,286    26,869    140,919    138,013
    Amortization of entrance
     fees(2)                        (5,498)   (5,019)   (22,025)   (19,241)
    Management fees                 (1,390)   (2,012)    (6,994)    (6,789)
                                    ------    ------     ------     ------
    Facility Operating Income     $156,258  $153,162   $637,454   $642,329
                                  ========  ========   ========   ========

    (1) Facility Operating Income for the year ended December 31, 2007
        includes $7.0 million of charges to facility operating expenses in the
        quarter ended December 31, 2007, which relates to the Company's desire
        to conform its policies across all of its platforms including $5.9
        million of estimated uncollectible accounts and $1.1 million of
        accounting conformity adjustments pertaining to inventory and certain
        accrual policies.
    (2) Entrance fee sales, net of refunds paid, provided $7.3 million and
        $9.8 million of cash for the three months ended December 31, 2008 and
        2007, respectively, and $23.3 million and $25.7 million of cash for
        the twelve months ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.



    Operating Data

    Selected operating data for the three and twelve months ended December 31,
    2008 and 2007 is presented below:



                                               Three Months    Twelve Months
                                                  Ended            Ended
                                               December 31,     December 31,
                                               -------------   -------------
                                                2008    2007    2008    2007
                                                ----    ----    ----    ----
    Selected Operating and Other Data:
    Total number of communities (at end of
     period) (1)                                 548     550     548     550
    Total units/beds operated(2)              51,804  52,086  51,804  52,086
    Owned/leased communities units/beds       47,455  47,670  47,455  47,670
    Owned/leased communities occupancy rate:
        Period end                              89.5%   90.6%   89.5%   90.6%
        Weighted average                        89.7%   90.6%   89.6%   90.7%
    Average monthly revenue per unit/bed(3)   $3,830  $3,640  $3,791  $3,577

    (1) During the fourth quarter of 2008, one management contract ended and
        two communities were consolidated into one.
    (2) Total units/beds operated represent the total units/beds operated as
        of the end of the period.
    (3) Average monthly revenue per unit/bed represents the average of the
        total monthly revenues, excluding amortization of entrance fees,
        divided by average occupied units/beds.



    The same store data for the three and twelve months ended December 31,
    2008 and 2007 (in thousands) is presented below:



                       Three Months Ended          Twelve Months Ended
                         December 31,                  December 31,
                     ---------------------         --------------------
                                        %                               %
                   2008(1)   2007(2)  Change    2008(1)     2007(2)   Change
                   -------   -------  ------    -------     -------   ------
    Revenue       $457,647  $439,601     4.1% $1,805,113  $1,728,303     4.4%
    Operating
     Expense       304,161   291,070     4.5%  1,184,915   1,107,069     7.0%
                   -------   -------     ---   ---------   ---------     ---
    Facility
     Operating
     Income       $153,486  $148,531     3.3%   $620,198    $621,234    -0.2%
    Facility
     Operating
     Margin           33.5%     33.8%   -0.2%       34.4%       35.9%   -1.6%

    # Locations        515       515                 515         515
    Avg. Occupancy    90.0%     91.0%   -1.0%       89.7%       91.1%   -1.4%
    Avg. Mo.
     Revenue/unit   $3,806    $3,619     5.2%     $3,766      $3,553     6.0%

    (1) Excludes $1.2 million and $4.8 million of expenses related to
        hurricane and named-tropical storms for the three and twelve months
        ended December 31, 2008, respectively.
    (2) Includes $7.0 million of charges to facility operating expenses in the
        quarter ended December 31, 2007, which relates to the Company's desire
        to conform its policies across all of its platforms including $5.9
        million of estimated uncollectible accounts and $1.1 million of
        accounting conformity adjustments pertaining to inventory and certain
        accrual policies.



    Excluding the $7.0 million of charges relating to integration-related
    accounting items in the fourth quarter of 2007, the same store data is as
    follows (in thousands):



                       Three Months Ended          Twelve Months Ended
                         December 31,                  December 31,
                     ---------------------         --------------------
                                        %                               %
                   2008(1)      2007  Change    2008(1)         2007  Change
                   -------      ----  ------    -------         ----  ------
    Revenue       $457,647  $439,601     4.1% $1,805,113  $1,728,303     4.4%
    Operating
     Expense       304,161   284,025     7.1%  1,184,915   1,100,024     7.7%
                   -------   -------     ---   ---------   ---------     ---
    Facility
     Operating
     Income       $153,486  $155,576    -1.3%   $620,198    $628,279    -1.3%
    Facility
     Operating
     Margin           33.5%     35.4%   -1.9%       34.4%       36.4%   -2.0%

    (1) Excludes $1.2 million and $4.8 million of expenses related to
        hurricane and named-tropical storms for the three and twelve months
        ended December 31, 2008, respectively.



    Our facility breakdown at December 31, 2008 was as follows:



                                                                Percentage
                                                                of Q4 2008
                                                Percentage       Facility
                        Number of    Number of  of Q4 2008       Operating
    Ownership Type      Facilities   Units/Beds   Revenues        Income
    --------------     -----------   ---------- -----------     -----------
    Owned                  168         18,453        38.6%           41.0%
    Leased                 358         29,002        61.1%           58.1%
    Managed                 22          4,349         0.3%            0.9%
                            --          -----         ---             ---
        Total              548         51,804       100.0%          100.0%
                           ===         ======       =====           =====

    Operating Type
    --------------
    Retirement
     Centers                85         15,251        27.6%           34.5%
    Assisted Living        409         21,021        43.9%           41.3%
    CCRCs                   32         11,183        28.2%           23.3%
    Managed                 22          4,349         0.3%            0.9%
                            --          -----         ---             ---
        Total              548         51,804       100.0%          100.0%
                           ===         ======       =====           =====



    Our capital expenditures for the three and twelve months ended December
    31, 2008 and 2007 were as follows (in thousands):



                                        Three Months      Twelve Months
                                            Ended             Ended
                                        December 31,      December 31,
                                      ---------------     -------------
                                        2008     2007      2008      2007
                                        ----     ----      ----      ----
    Type
    ----
    Recurring                         $7,984   $6,303   $30,088   $27,404
    Reimbursements                      (288)    (742)   (2,776)   (2,356)
                                        ----     ----    ------    ------
        Net Recurring                  7,696    5,561    27,312    25,048
    Corporate(1)                       1,227    2,471    10,049    13,907
    EBITDA-enhancing(2)               10,032   12,156    43,438    57,435

    Development(3)                    35,605   35,069   105,453    70,810
    Reimbursements(4)                (38,794)  (2,435)  (65,584)   (8,259)
                                     -------   ------   -------    ------
        Net Development               (3,189)  32,634    39,869    62,551
                                      ------   ------    ------    ------
            Net Total Capital
             Expenditures            $15,766  $52,822  $120,668  $158,941
                                     =======  =======  ========  ========

    (1) Corporate primarily includes capital expenditures for information
        technology systems and equipment.
    (2) EBITDA-enhancing capital expenditures generally represent unusual or
        non-recurring capital items and/or major renovations.
    (3) Development capital expenditures primarily relate to the facility
        expansion and de novo development program.
    (4) Development reimbursements are typically received after expenditures
        are actually made. Only includes cash reimbursements received during
        the period.



    Our debt amortization for the three months ended December 31, 2008 and
    2007 was as follows (in thousands):



                                                   Three Months Ended
                                                      December 31,
                                                      ------------
                                                     2008     2007
                                                     ----     ----
    Type
    ----
    Scheduled Debt Amortization                      $665     $384
    Lease Financing Debt Amortization - FMV or no
     Purchase Option                                1,716    1,420
    Lease Financing Debt Amortization - Bargain
     Purchase Option                                2,837    2,360
                                                    -----    -----
        Total Debt Amortization                    $5,218   $4,164
                                                   ======   ======



    Our ancillary services data for the three months ended December 31, 2008
    and 2007 was as follows:



                            Three Months Ended
                                December 31,
                                ------------
                               2008      2007
                               ----      ----
    Units Served:
    Therapy
      Legacy ARC             12,761    12,716
      Total                  35,213    29,817

    Home Health
      Legacy ARC             10,087     7,405
      Total                  16,730     7,405


    Other Statistics:
    Therapists                2,193     1,601
    Home Health Agencies         25        12

SOURCE Brookdale Senior Living Inc.

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