Consumer Confidence Symptomatic of Economic Muddle
The latest bout of lost consumer confidence is simply symptomatic of economic muddle and political stalemate. Long-term unemployment, threats to employment benefits and other stimuli souring have injured the mind and mood of America's most important segment, and threaten to lead the economy into double-dip recession.
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Consumer Confidence is Symptomatic of Economic Muddle
The Conference Board published its Consumer Confidence Index for the month of July this week. The Board's latest measurement of the consumer mood showed even further deterioration in July sentiment, to a level of 50.4, from June's revised mark of 54.3 (from 52.9). The Conference Board's late June report produced a near 10 point decline in the index from a May mark of 62.7. That type of a dramatic drop in the index usually coincides with a shock to the market and economy, but not this time. Take note, because this is extremely troubling.
Given that the index saw no rebound off a drastic drop, investors received an important signal Tuesday. Consumers drive the American economy, which has evolved to become services oriented and consumption based. The warning siren on the consumer mood has been wearing out our ears here at Wall Street Greek for some time now, and the batteries must be running low on that horn by now. We first noticed red flags on this metric when the Board's Expectations Index showed its initial cracks. However, we were looking toward those cracks when investors were sure the economic foundation was sound and strengthening; many on the street were instead intoxicated by profit calculations on rising stocks.
We reiterate: President Obama must key on the employment situation and seek to spur business and job growth to lead the USA out of economic trough and anchored unemployment. His plans for an alternative energy manufacturing base must move forward, as this stratagem offers a path to a new industrial revolution. This potential revolution can bring jobs back to the US, and make the country a viable exporter and supplier to a new and important global marketplace.
Consumer Confidence Report Details
Consumers are sour on both the current reality of the economy and future prospects. The Present Situation Index slipped further in July, to a level of 26.1, from 26.8 in June. It looks as if consumers see the current situation as about as bad as can be, and for good reason. Consumer opinions about the state of employment have softened as job seekers lose hope. Consumers claiming that jobs are hard to get increased in July, to 45.8% of those surveyed, from 43.5% in June. Those saying that general conditions are bad also increased to 43.6%, from 41.0% in June.
"The outlook is hopeless, as per the opinion of the most important segment of Americans."
The outlook is hopeless, as per the opinion of the most important segment of Americans. The Expectations Index dropped to 66.6 in July, from 72.7 last month. The percentage of consumers that see an improvement coming over the next six months fell as well, to 15.9%, from 17.1% last month. Those who see things getting worse increased in number, rising to 15.7% of those surveyed, from 13.9% in June. Again the key to concern remains the job situation, with almost 10% of the labor force still unemployed and near 17% working less hours than satisfactory. And the average workweek is decreasing, based on the latest data. Soon, manufacturers may need to again cut workforce, as shifts bleed away. The Conference Board asked consumers about their outlook for the job market, and the unfortunate news is that those who see job opportunities increasing over the next six months fell in number to 14.3%, from 16.2% in June. Those anticipating fewer jobs increased a full percentage point, to 21.1%.
Retail Trouble Ahead
The back to school shopping season is an important catalyst for the retail sector, and a somewhat reliable driver of sales traffic. However, given the high and increasing number of long-term unemployed, spending is under threat to decrease this season. It's sad that the best argument against that statement is that last year's sales were pretty darn bad. That means retailers may have to dig deeper into margins to inspire shoppers to buy goods at their location versus the one down the street. And now that unemployment benefit extensions seem like a less reliable source of income for many Americans who are surviving on them, consumers are very likely to tighten their wallets again this year.
The latest Weekly Same-Store Sales data reported by the International Council of Shopping Centers (ICSC) this morning, is still showing growth. Sales rose 0.6% on a week-over-week basis for the period ending July 24. When compared to last year's soft activity, sales stood 3.8% higher. We have often noted here that as last year's comparables get harder to beat, we'll see this comparison soften dramatically. We're still matching against some of the weakest absolute sales numbers (per person) seen in modern US history.
In summary, seeing Consumer Confidence wane further in July, after a precipitous drop in June, should be of highest concern to the Administration, Congress, investors and all Americans. Our national economic driver, consumer spending - or rather the consumer, is losing confidence in economic recovery and in government supports. We must continue to prioritize stimulus over budgetary controls, as this economic trough will be impossible to climb out of otherwise. The budget is a long-term issue that is worthy of concern, but we cannot let political purposes now clutter sound decision making. We need to restore business and job growth to renew consumer spending. We can address the budget in due time, or now (somewhat), but in a manner that does not threaten economic recovery nor confidence.
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