Saga Communications, Inc.
 

 
 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
(Mark One)
   
þ
  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
    For the Quarterly Period ended March 31, 2005
 
or
 
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
    For the transition period from           to
Commission file number 1-11588
Saga Communications, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
Delaware
  38-3042953
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
73 Kercheval Avenue   48236
Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan
  (Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
   
(313) 886-7070
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes þ          No o.
      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes þ          No o.
      The number of shares of the registrant’s Class A Common Stock, $.01 par value, and Class B Common Stock, $.01 par value, outstanding as of April 29, 2005 was 18,031,225 and 2,360,370, respectively.
 
 


 

INDEX
             
        Page
         
   FINANCIAL INFORMATION        
   Financial Statements (Unaudited)        
     Condensed consolidated balance sheets — March 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004     2  
     Condensed consolidated statements of income — Three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004     3  
     Condensed consolidated statements of cash flows — Three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004     4  
     Notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements     5  
   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     13  
   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk     21  
   Controls and Procedures     22  
   OTHER INFORMATION23        
   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds     23  
   Exhibits     23  
 Signatures     24  

1


 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
                   
    March 31,   December 31,
    2005   2004
         
    (Unaudited)   (Note)
    (In thousands)
ASSETS
               
Current assets:
               
 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 7,661     $ 9,113  
 
Accounts receivable, net
    21,830       23,692  
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    4,916       4,819  
             
Total current assets
    34,407       37,624  
Property and equipment
    139,849       133,493  
 
Less accumulated depreciation
    68,581       67,129  
             
Net property and equipment
    71,268       66,364  
Other assets:
               
 
Broadcast licenses, net
    142,665       130,110  
 
Goodwill, net
    45,528       37,133  
 
Other intangibles, deferred costs and investments, net
    8,375       8,923  
             
Total other assets
    196,568       176,166  
             
    $ 302,243     $ 280,154  
             
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
               
 
Accounts payable
  $ 2,035     $ 2,128  
 
Payroll and payroll taxes
    6,324       7,066  
 
Other
    5,961       4,971  
 
Barter transactions
    1,884       1,681  
 
Current portion of long-term debt
    1,061        
             
Total current liabilities
    17,265       15,846  
Deferred income taxes
    23,672       23,083  
Long-term debt
    139,850       121,161  
Other
    2,791       2,839  
Stockholders’ equity:
               
 
Common stock
    211       211  
 
Additional paid-in capital
    48,227       48,387  
 
Retained earnings
    80,284       78,119  
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    66       60  
 
Treasury stock
    (10,123 )     (9,552 )
             
Total stockholders’ equity
    118,665       117,225  
             
    $ 302,243     $ 280,154  
             
Note:  The balance sheet at December 31, 2004 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements.
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


 

SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
                   
    Three months Ended
    March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
    (In thousands, except
    per share data)
    (Unaudited)
Net operating revenue
  $ 31,830     $ 29,173  
Station operating expenses
    24,698       22,185  
Corporate general and administrative
    1,778       1,732  
             
Operating income
    5,354       5,256  
Other expenses, net:
               
 
Interest expense
    1,623       1,095  
 
Other
    67       8  
             
Income before income tax
    3,664       4,153  
Income tax provision
    1,499       1,622  
             
Net income
  $ 2,165     $ 2,531  
             
Earnings per share
               
 
Basic
  $ .10     $ .12  
             
 
Diluted
  $ .10     $ .12  
             
Weighted average common shares
    20,631       20,809  
             
Weighted average common and common equivalent shares
    20,941       21,281  
             
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


 

SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
                   
    Three months ended
    March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
    (In thousands)
    (Unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities:
               
 
Cash provided by operating activities
  $ 7,656     $ 7,844  
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
 
Acquisition of property and equipment
    (4,267 )     (2,531 )
 
Proceeds from sale of assets
    3       21  
 
Increase in intangibles and other assets
    (543 )     (60 )
 
Acquisition of stations and radio networks
    (21,233 )     (3,289 )
             
Net cash used in investing activities
    (26,040 )     (5,859 )
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
 
Proceeds from long-term debt
    19,750        
 
Payments on long-term debt
          (27 )
 
Purchase of shares held in treasury
    (2,818 )     (419 )
 
Net proceeds from exercise of stock options
          36  
             
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
    16,932       (410 )
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
    (1,452 )     1,575  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
    9,113       11,766  
             
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
  $ 7,661     $ 13,341  
             
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


 

SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
UNAUDITED
1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
      The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for annual financial statements.
      In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements include all adjustments of normal, recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position as of March 31, 2005 and the results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004. Results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2005 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2005.
      For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Saga Communications, Inc. Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.
Income Taxes
      Our effective tax rate is higher than the federal statutory rate as a result of certain non-deductible depreciation and amortization expenses and the inclusion of state taxes in the income tax amount.
Time Brokerage Agreements
      We have entered into Time Brokerage Agreements (“TBAs”) in certain markets. In a typical TBA, the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) licensee of a station makes available, for a fee, blocks of air time on its station to another party that supplies programming to be broadcast during that air time and sells their own commercial advertising announcements during the time periods specified. We account for TBA’s under SFAS 13, “Accounting for Leases” and related interpretations. Revenue and expenses related to TBAs are included in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
Stock–Based Compensation
      We follow Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees” (“APB 25”) and related interpretations, in accounting for our employee and non-employee director stock options. Under APB 25, when the exercise price of our employee stock options equals or exceeds the market price of the underlying stock on the date of grant, no compensation expense is recognized.
      For purposes of the required pro forma disclosures required for stock-based compensation, the estimated fair value of the options is amortized to expense over the options’ vesting period. Proforma net income and pro forma earnings per share as if the stock-based awards had been accounted for using the provisions of

5


 

SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
UNAUDITED
Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation” is as follows:
                   
    Three months
    Ended March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
    (In thousands,
    except per share
    data)
Net income, as reported
  $ 2,165     $ 2,531  
Add back: stock based compensation cost, net of tax
    16       13  
Less: pro forma stock based compensation cost determined under fair value method, net of tax
    (467 )     (514 )
             
Pro forma net income
  $ 1,714     $ 2,030  
             
Pro forma earnings per share:
               
 
Basic
  $ .08     $ .10  
             
 
Diluted
  $ .08     $ .10  
             
      The fair value of our stock options was estimated as of the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004: risk-free interest rate of 3.7% and 3.4%; a dividend yield of 0%; expected volatility of 31.1% and 32.2%; and a weighted average expected life of the options of 7 years, respectively.
2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
      On December 16, 2004 the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued SFAS No. 123(R) “Share-Based Payment” (“SFAS 123(R)”), which significantly changes the accounting for all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, restricted share plans, performance based awards, stock appreciation rights, and employee stock purchase plans. SFAS 123(R) will require us to recognize in our financial statements compensation expense relating to share-based payment transactions using a fair-value based measurement method. SFAS 123(R) replaces SFAS 123 and supersedes APB 25 and is effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2005. We are currently evaluating the provisions of this pronouncement to determine the impact on our results of operations and financial position.
      On September 29, 2004, the Securities and Exchange Commission Staff (“SEC”) made an announcement regarding the Use of the Residual Method to Value Acquired Assets Other than Goodwill (“Topic D-108”). The SEC concluded that the use of the residual method does not comply with the requirements of FASB Statement No. 141 — Business Combinations, and accordingly, should no longer be used. Instead, a direct value method should be used to determine the fair value of all intangible assets required to be recognized under Statement 141.
      For companies that have applied the residual value method to the valuation of intangible assets, including the use of the residual value method to test impairment of indefinite-lived intangible assets, Topic D-108 becomes effective in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2004. Impairments of intangible assets recognized upon application of a direct value method by entities previously applying the residual method will be reported as a non-cash charge related to the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle. We are currently evaluating the provisions of this Staff Announcement to determine the impact, if any, on our results of operations and financial position.

6


 

SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
UNAUDITED
3. Intangible Assets and Goodwill
      Under SFAS No. 142 “Accounting for Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” (“SFAS 142”) goodwill and intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are not amortized and are subject to annual, or more frequent if impairment indicators arise, impairment tests.
      We consider FCC broadcast licenses to have indefinite lives. Factors that we considered in evaluating that the radio and television FCC licenses are indefinite-lived intangible assets under SFAS 142 include the following:
  •  The radio and television broadcasting licenses may be renewed indefinitely at little cost.
 
  •  The radio and television broadcasting licenses are essential to our business, and we intend to renew our licenses indefinitely.
 
  •  We have never been denied the renewal of a FCC broadcast license.
 
  •  We do not believe that there will be any compelling challenge to the renewal of our broadcast licenses.
 
  •  We do not believe that the technology used in broadcasting will be replaced by another technology in the foreseeable future.
      Based on the above, we believe cash flows from our radio and television licenses are expected to continue indefinitely.
      Separable intangible assets that have finite lives are amortized over their useful lives using the straight-line method. Favorable lease agreements are amortized over the lives of the leases. Other intangibles are amortized over five to forty years.
4. Common Stock and Treasury Stock
      The following summarizes information relating to the number of shares of our common stock issued in connection with stock transactions through March 31, 2005:
                   
    Common Stock
    Issued
     
    Class A   Class B
         
    (Shares in
    thousands)
Balance, January 1, 2004
    18,592       2,360  
 
Exercised options
    107        
             
Balance, December 31, 2004
    18,699       2,360  
 
Exercised options
           
             
Balance, March 31, 2005
    18,699       2,360  
             
      We have a Stock Buy-Back Program (the “Buy-Back Program”) to allow us to purchase up to $20,000,000 of our Class A Common Stock. From its inception in 1998 through March 31, 2005, we have repurchased 1,159,564 shares of our Class A Common Stock for approximately $18,000,000. The Board of Directors has authorized several increases to the Buy-Back Program, the most recent occurring on May 4, 2005, which increased the total amount authorized for repurchase of our Class A Common Stock to $30,000,000.

7


 

SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
UNAUDITED
5. Total Comprehensive Income and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
                   
    Three months
    Ended March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
    (In thousands)
Total Comprehensive Income Consists of:
               
Net income
  $ 2,165     $ 2,531  
Accumulated other comprehensive income:
               
 
Change in market value of securities, net of tax
    6       7  
             
Total comprehensive income
  $ 2,171     $ 2,538  
             
Accumulated other comprehensive income consists of marketable securities as follows (in thousands):
               
Balance at January 1, 2004
          $ 29  
Change in market value of securities, net of $19 taxes
            31  
             
Balance at December 31, 2004
            60  
Change in market value of securities, net of $4 taxes
            6  
             
Balance at March 31, 2005
          $ 66  
             
6. Acquisitions and Dispositions
      We actively seek and explore opportunities for expansion through the acquisition of additional broadcast properties. This activity is part of our strategy to be the leading broadcaster in the markets where we own properties. The consolidated statements of income include the operating results of the acquired stations from their respective dates of acquisition. All acquisitions were accounted for as purchases and, accordingly, the total costs were allocated to the acquired assets and assumed liabilities based on their estimated fair values as of the acquisition dates. The excess of consideration paid over the estimated fair value of net assets acquired have been recorded as goodwill.
Pending Acquisitions
      On May 20, 2004, we entered into an agreement to acquire two FM and two AM radio stations (WQNY-FM, WYXL-FM, WTKO-AM and WHCU-AM) serving the Ithaca, New York market, for approximately $13,250,000. This transaction, subject to the approval of the FCC, is expected to close during the second quarter of 2005.
      On January 21, 2004, we entered into an agreement to acquire an FM radio station (WOXL-FM) serving the Asheville, North Carolina market, for approximately $8,000,000. We are currently providing programming to WOXL-FM under a Sub-TBA. This transaction is subject to the approval of the FCC and has been contested; however, we expect to get approval and close on the acquisition during the third quarter of 2005.
2005 Acquisitions
      Effective January 1, 2005, we acquired one AM and two FM radio stations (WINA-AM, WWWV-FM and WQMZ-FM) serving the Charlottesville, Virginia market for approximately $22,490,000, including approximately $1,986,000 of our Class A common stock. We financed this transaction through funds generated from additional borrowings of approximately $19,750,000 under our Credit Agreement.

8


 

SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
UNAUDITED
      Effective January 1, 2005, we acquired one AM radio station (WISE-AM) serving the Asheville, North Carolina market for approximately $2,192,000. We have provided programming to this station under a TBA since November 1, 2002.
      Effective January 1, 2005 we acquired a low power television station (KMOL-LP) serving Victoria, Texas market for approximately $218,000.
2004 Acquisitions and Dispositions
      On August 10, 2004 we sold an AM radio station (WJQY-AM) serving the Springfield, Tennessee market for approximately $150,000. We recognized a loss on the disposal of this station of approximately $10,000.
      On July 1, 2004, we acquired an FM radio station (WXTT-FM) serving the Champaign, Illinois market, for approximately $3,272,000.
      On April 1, 2004 we acquired three FM radio stations (WRSI-FM, Turners Falls, Massachusetts, WPVQ-FM, Greenfield, Massachusetts and WRSY-FM, Marlboro, Vermont) serving the Springfield, Massachusetts, Greenfield, Massachusetts and Brattleboro, Vermont markets, respectively, for approximately $7,220,000.
      On March 1, 2004, we acquired the Minnesota News Network and the Minnesota Farm Network for approximately $3,443,000.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet of 2005 and 2004 Acquisitions
      The following condensed balance sheets represent the estimated fair value assigned to the related assets and liabilities of the 2005 and 2004 acquisitions at their respective acquisition dates. In connection with the 2005 acquisitions, we issued restricted stock of approximately $1,986,000.
Saga Communications, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet of 2005 and 2004 Acquisitions
                   
    Acquisitions in
     
    2005   2004
         
    (In thousands)
Assets Acquired:
               
Current assets
  $ 694     $ 650  
Property and equipment
    2,538       848  
Other assets:
               
 
Broadcast licenses-Radio segment
    12,555       6,453  
 
Goodwill-Radio segment
    8,396       6,294  
 
Other intangibles, deferred costs and investments
    981       114  
             
Total other assets
    21,932       12,861  
             
Total assets acquired
    25,164       14,359  
             
Liabilities Assumed:
               
Current liabilities
    264       748  
             
Total liabilities assumed
    264       748  
             
Net assets acquired
  $ 24,900     $ 13,611  
             

9


 

SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
UNAUDITED
Pro Forma Results of Operations for Acquisitions and Dispositions (Unaudited)
      The following unaudited pro forma results of our operations for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004 assume the 2005 and 2004 acquisitions occurred as of January 1, 2004. The pro forma results give effect to certain adjustments, including depreciation, amortization of intangible assets, increased interest expense on acquisition debt and related income tax effects. The pro forma results have been prepared for comparative purposes only and do not purport to indicate the results of operations which would actually have occurred had the combinations been in effect on the dates indicated or which may occur in the future.
                 
    Three months Ended
    March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
    (In thousands, except
    per share data)
Consolidated Results of Operations:
               
Net operating revenue
  $ 31,830     $ 31,003  
Station operating expense
    24,698       23,741  
Corporate general and administrative
    1,778       1,732  
             
Operating income
    5,354       5,530  
Interest expense
    1,623       1,296  
Other
    67       8  
Income taxes
    1,499       1,656  
             
Net income
  $ 2,165     $ 2,570  
             
Basic earnings per share
  $ .10     $ .12  
             
Diluted earnings per share
  $ .10     $ .12  
             
                 
    Three months Ended
    March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
    (In thousands)
Radio Broadcasting Segment
               
Net operating revenue
  $ 28,372     $ 27,849  
Station operating expense
    21,409       20,705  
             
Operating income
  $ 6,963     $ 7,144  
             
                 
    Three months
    Ended March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
    (In thousands)
Television Broadcasting Segment
               
Net operating revenue
  $ 3,458     $ 3,154  
Station operating expense
    3,289       3,036  
             
Operating income
  $ 169     $ 118  
             

10


 

SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
UNAUDITED
Reconciliation of pro forma segment operating income to pro forma consolidated operating income:
                                 
            Corporate    
    Radio   Television   and Other   Consolidated
                 
    (In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2005:
                               
Net operating revenue
  $ 28,372     $ 3,458     $     $ 31,830  
Station operating expense
    21,409       3,289             24,698  
Corporate general and administrative
                1,778       1,778  
                         
Operating income (loss)
  $ 6,963     $ 169     $ (1,778 )   $ 5,354  
                         
                                 
            Corporate    
    Radio   Television   and Other   Consolidated
                 
    (In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2004:
                               
Net operating revenue
  $ 27,849     $ 3,154           $ 31,003  
Station operating expense
    20,705       3,036             23,741  
Corporate general and administrative
              $ 1,732       1,732  
                         
Operating income (loss)
  $ 7,144     $ 118     $ (1,732 )   $ 5,530  
                         
7. Segment Information
      We evaluate the operating performance of our markets individually. For purposes of business segment reporting, we have aligned operations with similar characteristics into two business segments: Radio and Television.
      The Radio segment includes twenty-two broadcast markets, which includes all eighty-two of our radio stations and five radio information networks. The Television segment includes three broadcast markets and consists of five television stations and four low power television (“LPTV”) stations. The Radio and Television segments derive their revenue from the sale of commercial broadcast inventory. The category “Corporate general and administrative” represents the income and expense not allocated to reportable segments.
                                 
            Corporate    
    Radio   Television   and Other   Consolidated
                 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2005:
                               
Net operating revenue
  $ 28,372     $ 3,458     $     $ 31,830  
Station operating expense
    21,409       3,289             24,698  
Corporate general and administrative
                1,778       1,778  
                         
Operating income (loss)
  $ 6,963     $ 169     $ (1,778 )   $ 5,354  
                         
Depreciation and amortization
  $ 1,653     $ 442     $ 50     $ 2,145  
                         
Total assets
  $ 255,888     $ 32,442     $ 13,913     $ 302,243  
                         

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SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
UNAUDITED
                                 
            Corporate    
    Radio   Television   and Other   Consolidated
                 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2004:
                               
Net operating revenue
  $ 26,019     $ 3,154     $     $ 29,173  
Station operating expense
    19,149       3,036             22,185  
Corporate general and administrative
                1,732       1,732  
                         
Operating income (loss)
  $ 6,870     $ 118     $ (1,732 )   $ 5,256  
                         
Depreciation and amortization
  $ 1,252     $ 415     $ 49     $ 1,716  
                         
Total assets
  $ 217,202     $ 30,169     $ 18,464     $ 265,835  
                         

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Results of Operations
      The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto of Saga Communications, Inc. and its subsidiaries contained elsewhere herein and the audited financial statements and Management Discussion and Analysis contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004. The following discussion is presented on both a consolidated and segment basis. Corporate general and administrative expenses, interest expense, other (income) expense, and income tax expense are managed on a consolidated basis and are, therefore reflected only in our discussion of consolidated results.
      Our discussion of the results of operations of our operating segments focuses on their operating income because we manage our operating segments primarily on their operating income. We evaluate the operating performance of our markets individually. For purposes of business segment reporting, we have aligned operations with similar characteristics into two business segments: Radio and Television. The Radio segment includes twenty-two markets, which includes all eighty-two of our radio stations and five radio information networks. The Television segment includes three markets and consists of five television stations and four LPTV stations.
General
      We are a broadcast company primarily engaged in acquiring, developing and operating radio and television stations. We actively seek and explore opportunities for expansion through the acquisition of additional broadcast properties. We review acquisition opportunities on an ongoing basis.
      For additional information with respect to acquisitions, see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below.
Radio Segment
      In our radio segment our primary source of revenue is from the sale of advertising for broadcast on our stations. Depending on the format of a particular radio station, there are a predetermined number of advertisements available to be broadcast each hour.
      Most advertising contracts are short-term, and generally run only for a few weeks. Most of our revenue is generated from local advertising, which is sold primarily by each radio markets’ sales staff. For the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, approximately 85% and 84%, respectively, of our gross radio segment revenue was from local advertising. To generate national advertising sales, we engage an independent advertising sales representative firm that specializes in national sales for each of our broadcast markets.
      Our revenue varies throughout the year. Advertising expenditures, our primary source of revenue, generally have been lowest during the winter months, which includes the first quarter of each year.
      Our net operating revenue, and the resulting station operating expenses, and operating income varies from market to market based upon the related market’s rank or size which is based upon population and the available radio advertising revenue in that particular market.
      Our financial results are dependent on a number of factors, the most significant of which is our ability to generate advertising revenue through rates charged to advertisers. The rates a station is able to charge are, in large part, based on a station’s ability to attract audiences in the demographic groups targeted by its advertisers. In a number of our markets this is measured by periodic reports generated by independent national rating services. In the remainder of our markets it is measured by the results advertisers obtain through the actual running of an advertising schedule. Advertisers measure these results based on increased demand for their goods or services and/or actual revenues generated from such demand. Various factors affect the rate a station can charge, including the general strength of the local and national economies, population growth, ability to provide popular programming, local market competition, target marketing capability of radio compared to other advertising media and signal strength. Because reaching a large and demographically attractive audience is crucial to a station’s financial success, we endeavor to develop strong listener loyalty.

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When we acquire and/or begin to operate a station or group of stations we generally increase programming and advertising and promotion expenses to increase our share of our target demographic audience. Our strategy sometimes requires levels of spending commensurate with the revenue levels we plan on achieving in two to five years. During periods of economic downturns, or when the level of advertising spending is flat or down across the industry, this strategy may result in the appearance that our cost of operations are increasing at a faster rate than our growth in revenues, until such time as we achieve our targeted levels of revenue for the acquired station or group of stations.
      The number of advertisements that can be broadcast without jeopardizing listening levels (and the resulting ratings) is limited in part by the format of a particular radio station. Our stations strive to maximize revenue by constantly managing the number of commercials available for sale and adjusting prices based upon local market conditions and ratings. While there may be shifts from time to time in the number of advertisements broadcast during a particular time of the day, the total number of advertisements broadcast on a particular station generally does not vary significantly from year to year. Any change in our revenue, with the exception of those instances where stations are acquired or sold, is generally the result of inventory sell out ratios and pricing adjustments, which are made to ensure that the station efficiently utilizes available inventory.
      Our radio stations employ a variety of programming formats. We periodically perform market research, including music evaluations, focus groups and strategic vulnerability studies. Our stations also employ audience promotions to further develop and secure a loyal following. We believe that the diversification of formats on our radio stations helps to insulate us from the effects of changes in musical tastes of the public on any particular format.
      The primary operating expenses involved in owning and operating radio stations are employee salaries, depreciation, programming expenses, solicitation of advertising, and promotion expenses.
      Historically, our Columbus, Ohio; Manchester, New Hampshire; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and Norfolk, Virginia markets have each represented 15% or more of our consolidated operating income. During the three month periods ended March 31, 2005 and 2004 and the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003, these markets when combined, represented approximately 85%, 86%, 73% and 81% respectively, of our consolidated operating income. While radio revenues in each of the Columbus, Manchester, Milwaukee and Norfolk markets have remained relatively stable historically, an adverse change in any of these radio markets or our relative market position in those markets could have a significant impact on our operating results as a whole. A decrease in the total available radio advertising dollars in the Columbus, Ohio market has resulted in a decline in our revenue and related operating income in our radio stations there. We anticipate that this decline is temporary in nature. None of our television markets represented more than 15% or more of our consolidated operating income. The following tables describe the percentage of our consolidated operating income represented by each of these markets:
                                 
    Percentage of    
    Consolidated   Percentage of
    Operating   Consolidated
    Income For the   Operating
    Three months   Income For the
    Ended   Years Ended
    March 31,   December 31,
         
    2005   2004   2004   2003
                 
Market:
                               
Columbus, Ohio
    15 %     15 %     12 %     17 %
Manchester, New Hampshire
    17 %     20 %     14 %     15 %
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
    39 %     36 %     32 %     32 %
Norfolk, Virginia
    14 %     15 %     15 %     17 %
      We utilize certain financial measures that are not calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP) to assess our financial performance. For example, we evaluate the performance of our markets based on “station operating income” (operating income

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plus corporate general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization). Station operating income is generally recognized by the broadcasting industry as a measure of performance, is used by analysts who report on the performance of the broadcasting industry and it serves as an indicator of the market value of a group of stations. In addition, we use it to evaluate individual stations, market-level performance, overall operations and as a primary measure for incentive based compensation of executives and other members of management. Station operating income is not necessarily indicative of amounts that may be available to us for debt service requirements, other commitments, reinvestment or other discretionary uses. Station operating income is not a measure of liquidity or of performance in accordance with GAAP, and should be viewed as a supplement to, and not a substitute for our results of operations presented on a GAAP basis.
      During the three month periods ended March 31, 2005 and 2004 and the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003, the radio stations in our four largest markets when combined, represented approximately 53%, 56%, 52% and 58%, respectively, of our consolidated station operating income. The following tables describe the percentage of our consolidated station operating income represented by each of these markets:
                                 
    Percentage of   Percentage of
    Consolidated   Consolidated
    Station   Station
    Operating   Operating
    Income(*) For   Income(*) For
    the Three   the Years
    Months Ended   Ended
    March 31,   December 31,
         
    2005   2004   2004   2003
                 
Market:
                               
Columbus, Ohio
    10 %     10 %     9 %     12 %
Manchester, New Hampshire
    10 %     13 %     10 %     11 %
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
    24 %     23 %     22 %     23 %
Norfolk, Virginia
    9 %     10 %     11 %     12 %
 
Operating income plus corporate general and administrative, depreciation and amortization
Television Segment
      In our television segment, our primary source of revenue is from the sale of advertising for broadcast on our stations. The number of advertisements available for broadcast on our television stations is limited by certain network affiliation and syndicated programming agreements and, with respect to children’s programs, federal regulation. Our television broadcasting segment local market managers only determine the number of advertisements to be broadcast hourly in locally produced programs which are comprised mainly of news programming and the occasional locally produced sports or information show.
      Our net operating revenue, and the resulting station operating expenses, and operating income vary from market to market based upon the related market’s rank or size which is based upon population, the available television advertising revenue in that particular market, and the popularity of programming being broadcast.
      Our financial results are dependent on a number of factors, the most significant of which is our ability to generate advertising revenue through rates charged to advertisers. The rates a station is able to charge are, in large part, based on a station’s ability to attract audiences in the demographic groups targeted by its advertisers, as measured principally by periodic reports by independent national rating services. Various factors affect the rate a station can charge, including the general strength of the local and national economies, population growth, ability to provide popular programming through locally produced news, sports and weather and as a result of syndication and network affiliation agreements, local market competition, the ability of television broadcasting to reach a mass appeal market compared to other advertising media, and signal strength including cable/satellite coverage, and government regulation and policies. Because audience ratings are crucial to a station’s financial success, we endeavor to develop strong viewer loyalty. When we acquire and/or begin operating a station or group of stations we generally increase programming expenses including local news, sports and weather programming, new syndicated programming, and advertising and promotion

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expenses to increase our viewership. Our strategy sometimes requires levels of spending commensurate with the revenue levels we plan on achieving in two to five years. During periods of economic downturns, or when the level of advertising spending is flat or down across the industry, this strategy may result in the appearance that our cost of operations are increasing at a faster rate than our growth in revenues, until such time as we achieve our targeted levels of revenue for the acquired/operated station or group of stations.
      Our stations strive to maximize revenue by constantly adjusting prices for our commercial spots based upon local market conditions, demand for advertising and ratings. While there may be shifts from time to time in the number of advertisements broadcast during a particular time of the day, the total number of advertisements broadcast on a particular station generally does not vary significantly from year to year. Any change in our revenue, with the exception of those instances where stations are acquired or sold, is generally the result of pricing adjustments, which are made to ensure that the station efficiently utilizes available inventory.
      Because audience ratings in the local market are crucial to a station’s financial success, we endeavor to develop strong viewer loyalty by providing locally produced news, weather and sports programming. We believe that this emphasis on the local market provides us with the viewer loyalty we are trying to achieve.
      Most of our revenue is generated from local advertising, which is sold primarily by each television markets’ sales staff. For the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, approximately 80% and 78%, respectively, of our gross television revenue was from local advertising. To generate national advertising sales, we engage independent advertising sales representatives that specialize in national sales for each of our television markets.
      Our revenue varies throughout the year. Advertising expenditures, our primary source of revenue, generally have been lowest during the winter months, which includes the first quarter of each year.
      The primary operating expenses involved in owning and operating television stations are employee salaries including commissions, depreciation, programming expenses including news production and the cost of acquiring certain syndicated programming, solicitation of advertising, and promotion expenses.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2005 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2004
Results of Operations
      The following tables summarize our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004.
Consolidated Results of Operations
                                 
    Three Months Ended        
    March 31,        
        $ Increase   % Increase
    2005   2004   (Decrease)   (Decrease)
                 
    (In thousands, except percentages and per share
    information)
Net operating revenue
  $ 31,830     $ 29,173     $ 2,657       9.1 %
Station operating expense
    24,698       22,185       2,513       11.3 %
Corporate G&A
    1,778       1,732       46       2.7 %
                         
Operating income
    5,354       5,256       98       1.9 %
Interest expense
    1,623       1,095       528       48.2 %
Other expense
    67       8       59       737.5 %
Income taxes
    1,499       1,622       (123 )     (7.6 )%
                         
Net income
  $ 2,165     $ 2,531     $ (366 )     (14.5 )%
                         
Earnings per share (basic and diluted)
  $ .10     $ .12     $ (0.02 )     (16.7 )%
                         

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Radio Broadcasting Segment
                                 
    Three Months Ended        
    March 31,        
        $ Increase   % Increase
    2005   2004   (Decrease)   (Decrease)
                 
    (In thousands, except percentages)
Net operating revenue
  $ 28,372     $ 26,019     $ 2,353       9.0 %
Station operating expense
    21,409       19,149       2,260       11.8 %
                         
Operating income
  $ 6,963     $ 6,870     $ 93       1.4 %
                         
Television Broadcasting Segment
                                 
    Three Months Ended        
    March 31,        
        $ Increase   % Increase
    2005   2004   (Decrease)   (Decrease)
                 
    (In thousands, except percentages)
Net operating revenue
  $ 3,458     $ 3,154     $ 304       9.6 %
Station operating expense
    3,289       3,036       253       8.3 %
                         
Operating income
  $ 169     $ 118     $ 51       43.2 %
                         
Reconciliation of segment operating income to consolidated operating income:
                                 
            Corporate    
    Radio   Television   and Other   Consolidated
                 
    (In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2005:
                               
Net operating revenue
  $ 28,372     $ 3,458     $     $ 31,830  
Station operating expense
    21,409       3,289             24,698  
Corporate general and administrative
                1,778       1,778  
                         
Operating income (loss)
  $ 6,963     $ 169     $ (1,778 )   $ 5,354  
                         
Reconciliation of segment operating income to consolidated operating income:
                                 
            Corporate    
    Radio   Television   and Other   Consolidated
                 
    (In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2004:
                               
Net operating revenue
  $ 26,019     $ 3,154     $     $ 29,173  
Station operating expense
    19,149       3,036             22,185  
Corporate general and administrative
                1,732       1,732  
                         
Operating income (loss)
  $ 6,870     $ 118     $ (1,732 )   $ 5,256  
                         
Consolidated
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, consolidated net operating revenue was $31,830,000 compared with $29,173,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2004, an increase of $2,657,000 or 9%. Approximately $1,816,000, or 68% of the increase was attributable to revenue generated by radio stations that we did not own or operate for the comparable period in 2004. The balance of net operating revenue of approximately $841,000 was attributable to stations we owned and operated for the entire comparable period (“same station”), representing a 3% increase in same station net operating revenue. The majority of the improvement in same station revenue was primarily attributable to same station local revenue increases of approximately 5%, while our same station national revenue increase was approximately 1%.

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      Station operating expense increased by $2,513,000 or 11% to $24,698,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2005, compared with $22,185,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2004. Of the total increase, approximately $1,794,000 or 71% was the result of the impact of the operation of radio stations that we did not own or operate for the comparable period in 2004. The remaining balance of the increase in station operating expense of $719,000 represents a total increase in station operating expense for radio and television of 3% on a same station basis, which is primarily as a result of an increase in selling and commission expenses directly attributed to the increase in revenue, and an increase of 15% in health care costs, which we anticipate to continue in the future.
      Operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2005 was $5,354,000 compared to $5,256,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2004, an increase of approximately $98,000 or 2%. The increase was the result of the increase in net operating revenue, offset by the increase in station operating expense, an $86,000 or 5% increase in depreciation and amortization expense, and a $46,000 or 3% increase in corporate general and administrative charges.
      We generated net income of approximately $2,165,000 ($.10 per share on a fully diluted basis) during the three months ended March 31, 2005, compared with $2,531,000 ($.12 per share on a fully diluted basis) for the three months ended March 31, 2004, a decrease of approximately $366,000 or 15%. The decrease was the result of a $528,000 increase in interest expense and $59,000 increase in other expense, offset by the increase in operating income discussed above, and $123,000 decrease in income tax expense. The increase in interest expense was attributable to a $192,000 increase in interest related to additional borrowings with the remaining increase attributable to an overall increase in interest rates under our Credit Agreement. The decrease in income tax expense was directly attributable to operating performance.
Radio Segment
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, net operating revenue of the radio segment was $28,372,000 compared with $26,019,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2004, an increase of $2,353,000 or 9%. Approximately $1,816,000 or 77% of the increase was attributable to revenue generated by radio stations and radio networks that we did not own or operate for the comparable period in 2004. Net operating revenue generated by radio stations and radio networks that we owned and operated for the entire comparable period increased by approximately 2% or approximately $537,000. The majority of the improvement in same station revenue was attributable to increase in same station local revenue increases of approximately 4%, while our same station national revenue increased by approximately 1%.
      Station operating expense in the radio segment increased by $2,260,000 or 12% to $21,409,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2005, compared with $19,149,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2004. Approximately $1,794,000 or 79% of the increase was attributable to station and networks that we did not own or operate for the comparable period in 2004. Station operating expense increased by approximately $466,000 or 2% on a same station basis, which was primarily attributable to the increase in net operating revenue.
      Operating income in the radio segment for the three months ended March 31, 2005 was $6,963,000 compared to $6,870,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2004, an increase of approximately $93,000 or 1%. The increase was the result of the increase in net operating revenue offset by the increase in station operating expense.
Television Segment
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, net operating revenue of our television segment was $3,458,000 compared with $3,154,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2004, an increase of $304,000 or 10%. The majority of the improvement in net operating revenue was attributable to the Fox affiliate in Joplin, Missouri that went on the air in October 2003.

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      Station operating expense in the television segment increased by $253,000 or 8% to $3,289,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2005, compared with $3,036,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2004. The increase is primarily attributable to increase in net operating revenue.
      Operating income in the television segment for the three months ended March 31, 2005 was $169,000 compared to $118,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2004, an increase of approximately $51,000 or 43%. The increase was the result of the increase in net operating revenue offset by the increase in station operating expense.
Outlook
      The following statements are forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with “Forward-Looking Statements” below.
      Based on economic and market conditions as of May 3, 2005, for the year ending December 31, 2005 we anticipate a 3% to 5% increase in net operating revenue.
Forward-Looking Statements
      Statements contained in this Form 10-Q that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements that are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In addition, words such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “plans”, “expects,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are made as of the date of this report or as otherwise indicated, based on current expectations. We undertake no obligation to update this information. A number of important factors could cause our actual results for 2005 and beyond to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by or on our behalf. Forward looking statements are not guarantees of future performance as they involve a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may prove to be incorrect and that may cause our actual results and experiences to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in such forward-looking statements. The risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may affect our performance include our financial leverage and debt service requirements, dependence on key personnel, dependence on key stations, U.S. and local economic conditions, our ability to successfully integrate acquired stations, regulatory requirements, new technologies, natural disasters and terrorist attacks. We cannot be sure that we will be able to anticipate or respond timely to changes in any of these factors, which could adversely affect the operating results in one or more fiscal quarters. Results of operations in any past period should not be considered, in and of itself, indicative of the results to be expected for future periods. Fluctuations in operating results may also result in fluctuations in the price of our stock.
      For a more complete description of the prominent risks and uncertainties inherent in our business, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Forward Looking Statements; Risk Factors” in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Debt Arrangements and Debt Service Requirements
      As of March 31, 2005, we had $140,911,000 of long-term debt (including the current portion thereof) outstanding and approximately $60,000,000 of unused borrowing capacity under our Credit Agreement. In April 2005 we borrowed an additional $3,000,000 under our Credit Agreement for general operational purposes.
      Our Credit Agreement is a $200,000,000 reducing revolving line of credit maturing on July 29, 2010. Our indebtedness under the Credit Agreement is secured by a first priority lien on substantially all of our assets and of our subsidiaries, by a pledge of our subsidiaries’ stock and by a guarantee of our subsidiaries.
      The Credit Agreement may be used for general corporate purposes, including working capital, capital expenditures, permitted acquisition and related transaction expenses and permitted stock buybacks. On March 31, 2006, the Revolving Commitments (as defined in the Credit Agreement) will be permanently

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reduced quarterly in amounts ranging from 3.125% to 12.5% of the total Revolving Commitments in effect on March 31, 2006. Any outstanding balance under the Credit Agreement will be due on the maturity date of July 29, 2010. In addition, the Revolving Commitments shall be further reduced by specified percentages of Excess Cash Flow (as defined in Credit Agreement) based on leverage ratios.
      Interest rates under the Credit Agreement are payable, at our option, at alternatives equal to LIBOR plus 1.375% to 2.0% or the Agent bank’s base rate plus 0.125% to 0.75%. The spread over LIBOR and the base rate vary from time to time, depending upon our financial leverage. We also pay quarterly commitment fees of 0.375% to 0.625% per annum on the unused portion of the Credit Agreement.
      The Credit Agreement contains a number of financial covenants (all of which we were in compliance with at March 31, 2005) which, among other things, require us to maintain specified financial ratios and impose certain limitations on us with respect to investments, additional indebtedness, dividends, distributions, guarantees, liens and encumbrances.
Sources and Uses of Cash
      During the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, we had net cash flows from operating activities of $7,656,000 and $7,844,000, respectively. We believe that cash flow from operations will be sufficient to meet quarterly debt service requirements for interest and scheduled payments of principal under the Credit Agreement. However, if such cash flow is not sufficient we may be required to sell additional equity securities, refinance our obligations or dispose of one or more of our properties in order to make such scheduled payments. There can be no assurance that we would be able to effect any such transactions on favorable terms, if at all.
      The following 2005 acquisitions were financed through funds generated from operations, $19,750,000 of additional borrowings under our Credit Agreement and the re-issuance of approximately $1,986,000 of our Class A Common Stock from treasury:
  •  Effective January 1, 2005, we acquired one AM and two FM radio stations (WINA-AM, WWWV-FM and WQMZ-FM) serving the Charlottesville, Virginia market for approximately $22,490,000 including approximately $1,986,000 of our Class A common stock. We financed this transaction through funds generated from operations and additional borrowings of approximately $19,750,000 under our Credit Agreement.
 
  •  Effective January 1, 2005, we acquired one AM radio station (WISE-AM) serving the Asheville, North Carolina market for approximately $2,192,000. We have provided programming to this station under a TBA since November 1, 2002.
 
  •  Effective January 1, 2005 we acquired a low power television station (KMOL-LP) serving Victoria, Texas market for approximately $218,000.
      In addition, the following transactions were either pending at March 31, 2005 or were entered into subsequent to that date, which we expect to finance through funds generated from operations and additional borrowings under our Credit Agreement:
  •  On May 20, 2004, we entered into an agreement to acquire two FM and two AM radio stations (WQNY-FM, WYXL-FM, WTKO-AM and WHCU-AM) serving the Ithaca, New York market, for approximately $13,250,000. This transaction, subject to the approval of the FCC, is expected to close during the second quarter of 2005.
 
  •  On January 21, 2004, we entered into agreements to acquire one FM radio station (WOXL-FM) serving the Asheville, North Carolina market, for approximately $8,000,000. We are currently providing programming to WOXL-FM under a Sub-Time Brokerage Agreement. This transaction is subject to the approval of the FCC and has been contested, however, we expect to get approval and close on the acquisition during the third quarter of 2005.

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      We continue to actively seek and explore opportunities for expansion through the acquisition of additional broadcast properties.
      In May 2005, our board of directors authorized an increase to our Stock Buy-Back Program so that we may purchase a total of $30,000,000 of our Class A Common Stock. From the inception of the Stock Buy-Back program in 1998 through March 31, 2005, we have repurchased 1,159,564 shares of our Class A Common Stock for approximately $18,000,000. During the three months ended March 31, 2005 we repurchased 175,200 shares for approximately $2,818,000. For more information on our stock repurchases during the first quarter of 2005, see Part II Item 2 “Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds” below.
      We anticipate that any future acquisitions of radio and television stations and purchases of Class A Common Stock under the Stock Buy-Back Program will be financed through funds generated from operations, borrowings under the Credit Agreement, additional debt or equity financing, or a combination thereof. However, there can be no assurances that any such financing will be available on acceptable terms, it at all.
      Our capital expenditures, exclusive of acquisitions, for the three months ended March 31, 2005 were approximately $4,267,000 ($2,531,000 in 2004). We anticipate capital expenditures exclusive of acquisitions in 2005 to be approximately $9,000,000, which we expect to finance through funds generated from operations or additional borrowings under the Credit Agreement.
Summary Disclosures About Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments
      We have future cash obligations under various types of contracts under the terms of our Credit Agreement, operating leases, programming contracts, employment agreements, and other operating contracts. For additional information concerning our future cash obligations see Item 7. “Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation-Summary Disclosures About Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.
      There have been no material changes to such contracts/commitments during the three months ended March 31, 2005. We anticipate that the above contractual cash obligations will be financed through funds generated from operations or additional borrowings under the Credit Agreement, or a combination thereof.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
      Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, which require us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of certain assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures and contingencies. We evaluate estimates used in preparation of our financial statements on a continual basis. There has been no significant changes to our critical accounting policies that are described in Item 7. “Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.
Inflation
      The impact of inflation on our operations has not been significant to date. There can be no assurance that a high rate of inflation in the future would not have an adverse effect on our operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
      Refer to “Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Market Risk and Risk Management Policies” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004 for a complete discussion of our market risk. There have been no material changes to the market risk information included in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

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Item 4. Controls and Procedures
      As of the end of the period covered by this report, the Company carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a — 15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective to cause the material information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to be recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms. There were no changes in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2005, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting.

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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
      The following table summarizes our repurchases of our Class A Common Stock during the three months ended March 31, 2005. All shares repurchased during the quarter were repurchased in open market transactions on the New York Stock Exchange.
                                   
            Total    
            Number of   Approximate
            Shares   Dollar Value
            Purchased as   of Shares that
    Total       Part of   May Yet be
    Number of   Average   Publicly   Purchased
    Shares   Price Paid   Announced   Under the
Period   Purchased   per Share   Program   Program (a)
                 
January 1 — January 31, 2005
    0       0       0     $ 4,795,144  
February 1 — February 28, 2005
    0       0       0     $ 4,795,144  
March 1 — March 31, 2005
    175,200     $ 16.087       175,200     $ 1,976,787  
                         
 
Total
    175,200                          
                         
 
(a)  On August 7, 1998 our Board of Directors approved a Stock Buy-Back Program of up to $2,000,000 of our Class A Common Stock. Since August 1998, the Board of Directors has authorized several increases to the Stock Buy-Back Program, the most recent occurring on May 4, 2005, which increased the total amount authorized for repurchase of our Class A Common Stock to $30,000,000.
      On January 5, 2005 we issued a total of 116,686 shares of our Class A Common Stock to Eure Communications, Inc. in connection with our acquisition of one AM and two FM radio stations (WINA-AM, WWWV-FM and WQMZ-FM) serving the Charlottesville, Virginia market for a total aggregate cash and stock consideration of approximately $22,490,000. The shares of Class A Common were issued pursuant to an exemption from registration under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933.
Item 6. Exhibits
         
  31 .1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
  31 .2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
  32     Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 and Rule 13-14(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

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SIGNATURES
      Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
  SAGA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
     
 
Date: May 6, 2005   /s/ Samuel D. Bush
 
Samuel D. Bush
Senior Vice President,
Chief Financial Officer, and Treasurer
(Principal Financial Officer)
 
Date: May 6, 2005   /s/ Catherine A. Bobinski
 
Catherine A. Bobinski
Vice President, Corporate
Controller and Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)

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INDEX TO EXHIBITS
         
Exhibit    
Number   Description
     
  31 .1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
  31 .2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
  32     Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 and Rule 13-14(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.