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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
 
Form 10-K
 
 
 
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010
 
Commission file number 001-15062
 
 
 
 
TIME WARNER INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Delaware   13-4099534
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
One Time Warner Center
New York, NY 10019-8016
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
 
(212) 484-8000
 
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
          
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.01 par value   New York Stock Exchange
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
     
Large accelerated filer þ
  Accelerated filer  o
Non-accelerated filer o
  Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
   
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
As of the close of business on February 11, 2011, there were 1,092,833,062 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding. The aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting and non-voting common equity securities held by non-affiliates of the registrant (based upon the closing price of such shares on the New York Stock Exchange on June 30, 2010) was approximately $31.57 billion.
 
Documents Incorporated by Reference:
 
     
Description of document
 
Part of the Form 10-K
 
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement to be used in connection with the registrant’s 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders
  Part III (Item 10 through Item 14)
(Portions of Items 10 and 12 are not incorporated by reference and are provided herein)
 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I
Item 1. Business.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
Item 2. Properties.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
PART II
Item 5. Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.
Item 9B. Other Information.
PART III
Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance; Executive Compensation; Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters; Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence; Principal Accounting Fees and Services.
PART IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedules.
EX-10.43
EX-10.48
EX-10.51
EX-10.53
EX-21
EX-23
EX-31.1
EX-31.2
EX-32
EX-101 INSTANCE DOCUMENT
EX-101 SCHEMA DOCUMENT
EX-101 CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
EX-101 LABELS LINKBASE DOCUMENT
EX-101 PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
EX-101 DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT


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PART I
 
Item 1.   Business.
 
Time Warner Inc. (the “Company” or “Time Warner”), a Delaware corporation, is a leading media and entertainment company. The Company classifies its businesses into the following three reporting segments:
 
  •     Networks, consisting principally of cable television networks that provide programming;
 
  •     Filmed Entertainment, consisting principally of feature film, television and home video production and distribution; and
 
  •     Publishing, consisting principally of magazine publishing.
 
At December 31, 2010, the Company had a total of approximately 31,000 employees.
 
For convenience, the terms the “Company,” “Time Warner” and the “Registrant” are used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to refer to both the parent company and collectively to the parent company and the subsidiaries through which its various businesses are conducted, unless the context otherwise requires.
 
Caution Concerning Forward-Looking Statements and Risk Factors
 
This report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based on management’s current expectations and beliefs. As with any projection or forecast, they are inherently susceptible to uncertainty and changes in circumstances, and the Company is under no obligation to, and expressly disclaims any such obligation to, update or alter its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Time Warner’s actual results may vary materially from those expressed or implied by the statements herein due to changes in economic, business, competitive, technological, strategic and/or regulatory factors and other factors affecting the operation of Time Warner’s businesses. For more detailed information about these factors, and risk factors with respect to the Company’s operations, see Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition — Caution Concerning Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
Available Information and Website
 
The Company’s annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to such reports filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), are available free of charge on the Company’s website at www.timewarner.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. The Company is providing the address to its website solely for the information of investors. The Company does not intend the address to be an active link or to incorporate the contents of the website into this report.
 
NETWORKS
 
The Company’s Networks businesses consist principally of domestic and international networks and premium pay television services. The networks owned by Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (“Turner”), which are described below, are collectively referred to as the “Turner Networks.” Premium pay television services consist of the multi-channel HBO and Cinemax pay television services (collectively, the “Home Box Office Services”) operated by Home Box Office, Inc. (“Home Box Office”).
 
Turner, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, generates revenues principally from providing programming to cable system operators, satellite distribution services, telephone companies and other distributors (known as affiliates) that have contracted to receive and distribute this programming and from the sale of advertising (other than Turner Classic Movies and Boomerang, which sell advertising only in certain international markets). Turner’s agreements with its affiliates are typically long-term arrangements that provide for annual service fee increases and have fee arrangements that are generally related to the number of subscribers


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served by the affiliate and the package of programming provided to the affiliate by each network. Expirations of affiliate agreements are staggered.
 
Turner’s advertising revenues consist of consumer advertising, which is sold primarily on a national basis in the U.S. and on a pan-regional or local-language feed basis outside the U.S. Advertising contracts generally have terms of one year or less. Advertising revenues are generated from a wide variety of advertising categories, including food and beverage, automotive, motion picture, restaurants, pharmaceuticals and medical, financial and business services, retail, telecommunications, insurance and household products. In the U.S., advertising revenues are a function of the size and demographics of the audience delivered, the “CPM,” which is the cost per thousand viewers delivered, and the number of units of time sold. Units sold and CPMs are influenced by the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the audience of each network, the perceived quality of the network and of the particular programming, as well as overall advertiser demand in the marketplace and general economic conditions. Outside the U.S., advertising is generally not sold based on audience delivery, but rather is sold at a fixed rate for the unit of time sold, determined by the time of day and network. Turner also operates various websites, including CNN.com, NASCAR.com, CartoonNetwork.com, SI.com and Golf.com, that generate revenues principally from the sale of advertising.
 
Home Box Office, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, generates revenues principally from providing programming to cable, satellite and telephone company affiliates that have contracted to receive and distribute such programming to their customers who choose to subscribe to the Home Box Office Services (“Subscribers”). Home Box Office’s agreements with its affiliates are typically long-term arrangements that provide for annual service fee increases and retail promotion activities and have fees that are generally related to the number of Subscribers served by the affiliates. Home Box Office and its affiliates engage in marketing and promotional activities to retain existing Subscribers and acquire new Subscribers. Home Box Office also derives revenues from its original films, mini-series and series through the sale of DVDs and Blu-ray Discs, as well as from the licensing of original programming in syndication and to basic cable channels.
 
The Company’s Networks business has been pursuing international expansion in select areas, and the Company anticipates that international expansion will continue to be an area of focus at the Networks business for the foreseeable future.
 
Turner Networks
 
Key contributors to Turner’s success are its strong brands and continued investments in high-quality popular programming focused on sports, original and syndicated series, news, network movie premieres and animation to drive audience delivery and revenue growth.
 
Domestic Networks
 
Turner’s networks in the U.S. consist of entertainment and news networks. Turner’s entertainment networks include TBS, TNT, Cartoon Network, truTV, Turner Classic Movies and Boomerang. High Definition (“HD”) feeds of TBS, TNT, Cartoon Network, truTV, Turner Classic Movies and CNN are made available to affiliates. Programming for these entertainment networks is derived, in part, from the Company’s film, made-for-television and animation libraries to which Turner or other divisions of the Company own the copyrights and also includes sports programming and other licensed programming, including syndicated television series and network movie premieres. Turner’s news networks include CNN and HLN. The domestic television household numbers (“U.S. television households”) provided below are as reported by Nielsen Media Research as of December 2010.
 
TBS reached approximately 101.0 million U.S. television households as of December 2010. TBS is television’s “very funny” network and shows contemporary comedies such as the syndicated series Family Guy and The Office and late night talk shows Conan and Lopez Tonight. TBS is also the home of a growing roster of original series, including Tyler Perry’s Meet the Browns, Glory Daze and Are We There Yet? for the 2010-2011 season. TBS has the right to produce and telecast a certain number of Major League Baseball regular season and playoff games through the 2013 season. Under an agreement among Turner, CBS Broadcasting, Inc. (“CBS”) and The National Collegiate


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Athletic Association (the “NCAA”), starting in 2011 through 2024, the NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Championship tournament games (the “NCAA Tournament Games”) will be telecast on Turner’s TBS, TNT and truTV networks and on the CBS network. Turner and CBS have agreed to work together to produce and distribute the NCAA Tournament Games and related programming and sell advertising on a joint basis. Further, Turner and CBS have agreed to share advertising and sponsorship revenues, the programming rights fee and production costs, subject to annual caps on CBS’ share of any resulting losses.
 
TNT reached approximately 100.4 million U.S. television households as of December 2010. TNT focuses on drama and is home to syndicated series such as Bones, Supernatural, Las Vegas, Law & Order, CSI: NY, Cold Case and Numb3rs, as well as network premiere movies. For the 2010-2011 season, TNT’s original series include The Closer, Rizzoli & Isles, Men of a Certain Age, Leverage, HawthoRNe and Memphis Beat. TNT also has the right to produce and telecast a certain number of National Basketball Association (“NBA”) regular season and playoff games through the 2015-2016 season, certain NASCAR Sprint Cup Series races through 2014 and certain Professional Golfers’ Association (“PGA”) events through 2019. TNT also will telecast certain NCAA Tournament Games from 2011 through 2024.
 
Cartoon Network (together with adult swim, its evening and overnight block of programming aimed at young adults) reached approximately 99.3 million U.S. television households as of December 2010. Cartoon Network offers original and syndicated series and movies for youth and families. For the 2010-2011 season, Cartoon Network’s original series include Tower Prep, Adventure Time, Regular Show, Ben 10: Ultimate Alien, MAD, Generator Rex, Destroy Build Destroy, Hole in the Wall and Dude, What Would Happen. For the 2010-2011 season, adult swim’s original series include Childrens Hospital, Robot Chicken, Aqua Teen Hunger Force, Venture Brothers, Metalocalypse, Delocated, Squidbillies, NTSF:SD:SUV::, Mongo Wrestling Alliance and Eagleheart.
 
truTV reached approximately 92.7 million U.S. television households as of December 2010. truTV tells real-life stories from a first-person perspective. During the daytime, truTV features expert trial coverage under the name IN SESSION. For the 2010-2011 season, truTV’s original series include The Smoking Gun Presents: World’s Dumbest..., Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura, It Only Hurts When I Laugh and Operation Repo. Starting in 2011 through 2024, truTV also will telecast certain NCAA Tournament Games.
 
Turner Classic Movies is a commercial-free network that presents classic films from some of the largest film libraries in the world. Turner Classic Movies also offers interviews, original documentaries and specials.
 
Boomerang is a commercial-free network that offers classic animated entertainment such as Yogi Bear, Tom & Jerry, The Flintstones, Pink Panther and The Jetsons.
 
CNN, the original cable television news service, reached approximately 100.1 million U.S. television households as of December 2010. As of December 31, 2010, CNN managed 47 news bureaus and editorial operations, of which 15 are located in the U.S. In the fall of 2010, CNN’s programs included American Morning, The Situation Room with Wolf Blitzer, John King, USA, Parker Spitzer, Larry King Live and Anderson Cooper 360°. Piers Morgan Tonight replaced Larry King Live in January 2011. In 2010, CNN won the George Polk Award for international reporting, the Hillman Foundation’s January Sidney Award for coverage of the Haiti earthquake devastation, the National Headliners Award for journalistic excellence and three Gracie Awards from the American Women in Radio & Television.
 
HLN, the “news and views” service, reached approximately 99.8 million U.S. television households as of December 2010. In the fall of 2010, HLN’s programs included Morning Express with Robin Meade, Issues with Jane Velez-Mitchell, Nancy Grace, The Joy Behar Show and Showbiz Tonight. A new program featuring Dr. Drew Pinsky is scheduled to launch in April 2011.
 
International Networks
 
Turner’s entertainment and news networks are distributed to multiple distribution platforms such as cable and Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) systems, satellite platforms, mobile operators and broadcasters for delivery to households, hotels and other viewers around the world.


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Turner distributes approximately 110 region-specific versions and local-language feeds of Cartoon Network, Boomerang, Turner Classic Movies, TNT, truTV and other entertainment networks in approximately 190 countries around the world. In Latin America, Turner distributes Space, Infinito, I-Sat, Fashion TV, HTV and Much Music, which air movies and series, documentaries, fashion and lifestyle content and music videos. In addition, Turner has the sales representation rights to nine networks that are owned by third parties and operated principally in Latin America. In India and certain other South Asian territories, Turner distributes Pogo, an entertainment network for children. Turner India also distributes and has sales representation rights to HBO in India and the Maldives. In Japan, Turner distributes Mondo TV, an entertainment channel geared toward men, and Tabi, an entertainment channel focused on travel. Turner also distributes WB, an English language entertainment channel in India that features movies and television programming, primarily licensed from Warner Bros.
 
CNN International, an English language news network, is distributed in more than 190 countries and territories as of the end of 2010. CNN International has network feeds in five separate regions: Europe/Middle East/Africa, Asia Pacific, South Asia, Latin America and North America. HLN is distributed in Canada, the Caribbean, parts of Latin America and the Asia Pacific region. CNN en Español, a separate Spanish language news network, is distributed in Latin America and the U.S.
 
In a number of regions, Turner has launched local-language versions of its channels through joint ventures or contractual arrangements with local partners. These include CNN Turk, a Turkish language 24-hour news network available in Turkey and the Netherlands; TNT Turkey, a Turkish language channel distributed in Turkey; CNN Chile, a Spanish language 24-hour news network distributed in Chile; CNNj, an English-with-Japanese-translation news service in Japan; Cartoon Network Korea, a local-language 24-hour channel for kids; and BOING, an Italian language 24-hour kids animation network. CNN content is distributed through CNN-IBN, a co-branded, 24-hour, English language general news and current affairs channel in India.
 
Turner has been pursuing international expansion in select areas. For example, in January 2010, Turner Latin America acquired the sales representation rights to the Warner Bros. channel in Latin America. In February 2010, Turner acquired a majority stake in NDTV Imagine Limited, which owns a Hindi general entertainment channel in India. In April 2010, Turner launched truTV across several countries in Asia. In August 2010, Turner acquired Millennium Media Group, a Sweden-based channel operator with niche television channels targeting Scandinavia, the Baltics, Benelux and Africa. In October 2010, Turner acquired Chilevisión, a television broadcaster in Chile. Also in October 2010, Turner launched Cartoon Network in Arabic in Saudi Arabia. In recent years, Turner has also expanded its presence in Germany, Japan, Korea, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates.
 
Websites and Digital Applications and Initiatives
 
Turner operates various websites that generate revenues primarily from the sale of advertising. In 2010, Turner entered into an agreement with the NCAA, pursuant to which Turner will manage and operate the NCAA’s digital portfolio, including NCAA.com, through 2024. Turner will also manage advertising sales for NCAA digital platforms. Also in 2010, Turner and Time Inc. formed a strategic digital partnership between Turner and Sports Illustrated. Under the agreement, Turner manages the SI.com and Golf.com websites, including selling advertising, product management, marketing and business and technical operations for the websites.
 
CNN has multiple websites, including CNN.com and several localized editions that operate in Turner’s international markets. CNN also operates CNNMoney.com in partnership with Time Inc.’s Money and Fortune magazines and CNNMexico.com pursuant to a joint venture with Time Inc.’s Grupo Expansión, a leading Mexican consumer magazine publisher. Turner operates the NASCAR websites NASCAR.com and NASCAR.com en Español under an agreement with NASCAR that runs through 2014, and the websites of the PGA and PGA Tour, PGA.com and PGATour.com, respectively, under an agreement with the PGA that runs through 2019 and an agreement with the PGA Tour that runs through 2011. Effective through the 2015/2016 season, Turner and the NBA jointly manage a portfolio of the NBA’s digital businesses, including NBA.com. Turner also operates CartoonNetwork.com, as well as 61 international websites affiliated with the regional children’s services feeds.
 
Turner also publishes several Apps in Apple Inc.’s iTunes App Store and Google Inc.’s Android Market App Store, including CNN Mobile, which became available internationally in 2010, and the CNN App for iPad and truTV Mobile, which were launched in 2010.


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Turner ended 2010 with TV Everywhere versions of its networks available to four of its largest affiliates. In 2011, Turner intends to continue to partner with affiliates on initiatives to allow subscribers to watch Turner’s content on demand and on multiple devices.
 
Home Box Office
 
HBO, operated by Home Box Office, is the nation’s most widely distributed premium pay television service. At December 31, 2010, Home Box Office had over 81 million worldwide subscribers, which consisted of approximately 39.4 million domestic premium pay subscribers and approximately 42.5 million premium pay and basic cable subscribers in HBO Central Europe and unconsolidated international joint ventures. Both HBO and Cinemax are made available in HD on a number of multiplex channels. Home Box Office also offers HBO and Cinemax On Demand, subscription products that enable Subscribers to view programs at the time they choose.
 
In 2010, Home Box Office continued to expand the on demand broadband offerings of HBO and Cinemax by rolling out HBO GO and MAX GO with certain affiliates. These offerings provide Subscribers with online access to a wide variety of HBO and Cinemax content from any U.S. location with a broadband connection. Home Box Office expects to launch HBO GO and MAX GO with a number of additional affiliates in 2011.
 
A major portion of the programming on HBO and Cinemax consists of recently released, uncut and uncensored theatrical motion pictures. Home Box Office’s practice has been to negotiate licensing agreements of varying duration with major motion picture studios and independent producers and distributors in order to ensure continued access to such films. These agreements typically grant to Home Box Office the exclusive right to exhibit and distribute recently released and certain older films owned by the particular studio, producer or distributor on a subscription basis (including via broadband networks) in exchange for negotiated fees, which may be a function of, among other things, the box office performances of the films.
 
HBO is also defined by its award-winning original dramatic and comedy series, such as True Blood, Boardwalk Empire, Entourage, and Curb Your Enthusiasm, as well as movies, mini-series, boxing matches and sports news programs, comedy specials, family programming and documentaries. Among other awards, HBO won 4 Golden Globes— the most of any network — in 2011 and 25 Primetime Emmys and 9 Sports Emmys in 2010. In addition, in 2010, HBO won three Peabody Awards, including awards for the series In Treatment and the documentary Thrilla in Manila, and an Academy Award for the documentary Music by Prudence.
 
Home Box Office also generates revenues from the exploitation of its original programming through multiple distribution outlets. HBO Home Entertainment markets a variety of HBO’s original programming on DVD and Blu-ray Discs. Home Box Office licenses its original series, such as The Sopranos, Sex and the City, Entourage and Curb Your Enthusiasm, to basic cable channels and has also licensed Entourage and Curb Your Enthusiasm in syndication. The Home Box Office-produced show Everybody Loves Raymond, which aired for nine seasons on broadcast television, is currently in syndication as well. Home Box Office content is also distributed by Apple Inc., Amazon and Sony PlayStation through their respective online stores in the U.S. and various international regions, as well as on various mobile telephone platforms.
 
HBO- and Cinemax-branded premium pay and basic cable services are distributed in more than 50 countries in Latin America, Asia and Central Europe, primarily through various joint ventures. In the first quarter of 2010, Home Box Office acquired the remainder of its partners’ interests in HBO Central Europe and purchased an additional 21% equity interest in HBO Latin America Group, consisting of HBO Brasil, HBO Olé and HBO Latin America Production Services (collectively, “HBO LAG”), bringing its interest in HBO LAG to 80%. In addition, Home Box Office expects to acquire an additional 8% equity interest in HBO LAG in the first quarter of 2011. In recent years, Home Box Office also has acquired additional equity interests in HBO Asia, HBO South Asia and HBO LAG.
 
The CW
 
Launched at the beginning of the Fall 2006 broadcast season, The CW broadcast network is a 50-50 joint venture between Warner Bros. and CBS Corporation. The CW’s schedule includes, among other things, a 5-night, 10-hour primetime lineup with programming such as Gossip Girl, 90210, One Tree Hill, America’s Next Top Model,


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The Vampire Diaries, Nikita, Hellcats, Smallville and Supernatural, as well as a five-hour block of animated children’s programming on Saturday mornings. As of December 31, 2010, The CW was carried nationally by affiliated television stations covering 95% of U.S. television households. Among the affiliates of The CW are 13 stations owned by Tribune Broadcasting and 8 stations owned by CBS Corporation.
 
Central Media Enterprises Ltd.
 
The Company holds an approximately 29.5% interest in Central Media Enterprises Ltd., a publicly-traded broadcasting company that operates leading networks in six Central and Eastern European countries as of December 31, 2010.
 
Competition
 
The Networks businesses compete with other television services for marketing and distribution by cable, satellite and other distribution systems. The Turner Networks and websites compete for advertising with other networks and media such as the Internet, print, radio and outdoor display. The Networks businesses also compete for viewers’ attention and audience share with all other forms of programming provided to viewers, including broadcast networks, local over-the-air television stations, other pay and basic cable television services, motion pictures, home video products and services (including subscription rental and Internet streaming services and rental kiosks), pay-per-view and video-on-demand services, online activities (including Internet streaming and downloading), and other forms of news, information and entertainment. In addition, competition for programming, particularly licensed and sports programming is intense, and the Networks businesses face competition for programming from those same commercial television networks, independent stations, and pay and basic cable television services.
 
The production divisions in the Networks businesses compete with other production companies for the services of producers, directors, writers, actors and others and for the acquisition of scripts.
 
FILMED ENTERTAINMENT
 
The Company’s Filmed Entertainment businesses produce and distribute theatrical motion pictures, television shows, animation and other programming and videogames; distribute home video product; and license rights to the Company’s feature films, television programming and characters. All of these businesses are principally conducted by various subsidiaries and affiliates of Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, that are known collectively as the Warner Bros. Entertainment Group (“Warner Bros.”).
 
Feature Films
 
Warner Bros.
 
Warner Bros. produces feature films both wholly on its own and under co-financing arrangements with others, and also distributes its films and completed films produced by others. Warner Bros.’ feature films are produced under the Warner Bros. Pictures, New Line Cinema and Castle Rock banners. The terms of Warner Bros.’ agreements with independent producers and other entities are separately negotiated and vary depending on the production, the amount and type of financing by Warner Bros., the media and territories covered, the distribution term and other factors.
 
Warner Bros.’ feature film strategy focuses on offering a diverse slate of films with a mix of genres, talent and budgets that includes several “event” movies each year and building and leveraging franchises, such as Harry Potter, Batman and The Lord of the Rings. During 2010, Warner Bros. released 23 original motion pictures for theatrical exhibition, including Harry Potter and the Deathly Hollows: Part 1, Inception, Clash of the Titans, Sex and the City 2 and Valentine’s Day. Of the original motion pictures for theatrical exhibition released during 2010, five were released in 3D, including Clash of the Titans and Yogi Bear. During 2009, Warner Bros. released 26 original motion pictures for theatrical exhibition, including Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover,


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Sherlock Holmes, The Blind Side and Invictus. Warner Bros. released one film in January 2011, and currently plans to release 22 additional original motion pictures for distribution throughout the year, including Harry Potter and the Deathly Hollows: Part 2, Green Lantern, Sherlock Holmes 2, Happy Feet 2 and The Hangover 2. Of the original motion pictures expected to be released during 2011, Warner Bros. expects to release seven in 3D, including Harry Potter and the Deathly Hollows: Part 2, Green Lantern and Happy Feet 2. Release dates for Warner Bros.’ theatrical films are determined by a number of factors, including competition and the timing of vacation and holiday periods. Films released theatrically in the U.S. can be released in international territories either day-and-date with the domestic release or according to a staggered release schedule.
 
Warner Bros. incurs significant production, marketing, advertising and distribution costs in connection with the theatrical release of a film. As a result, Warner Bros. typically incurs losses with respect to a particular film prior to and during a film’s theatrical exhibition, and a particular film may not produce profit until well after the film’s theatrical release. In response to the high cost of producing theatrical films, Warner Bros. has entered into certain film co-financing arrangements with other companies, decreasing its financial risk while in most cases retaining substantially all worldwide distribution rights. Of the total 2010 releases, eight were wholly financed by Warner Bros. and 15 were financed with or by others. Warner Bros. has co-financing arrangements with Village Roadshow Pictures and Legendary Pictures, LLC. Additionally, Warner Bros. has an exclusive distribution arrangement with Alcon Entertainment for distribution of all of Alcon’s motion pictures in domestic and certain international territories. Warner Bros. also has an exclusive distribution arrangement with Dark Castle Holdings, LLC for films produced on or before September 30, 2012, under which Warner Bros. has agreed to distribute up to 15 Dark Castle feature films throughout the U.S. and, generally, in all international territories.
 
Warner Bros. also distributes feature films acquired or produced for theatrical exhibition in more than 125 international territories. In 2010, Warner Bros. released 17 such English-language and 27 such local-language films.
 
After their theatrical exhibition, Warner Bros. licenses its newly produced films, as well as films from its library, for distribution in various windows on broadcast, cable, satellite and pay television channels both domestically and internationally, including cable and pay television channels affiliated with the Company, and it also distributes its films on DVD and Blu-ray Discs and in digital versions. Each of these windows is discussed in more detail below.
 
Newly produced films are released in the home entertainment window approximately three to six months following their release to theatrical exhibition, with the actual release date being influenced by seasonality, competitive conditions, film attributes and expected performance. In the U.S. and most major international markets, Warner Bros. generally releases all films simultaneously for DVD and Blu-ray Disc sales, rental through brick and mortar retailers, video on demand (“VOD”) and electronic sell-through (“EST”). Beginning in 2010, Warner Bros. began releasing newly produced films to subscription services and discount kiosks 28 days following their release to other home entertainment services. Approximately one year after their theatrical exhibition, Warner Bros. licenses its newly produced films, as well as films from its library, for distribution in various windows on pay and free television channels delivered by cable, satellite and other multi-channel video programming distributors both domestically and internationally, including the Company’s networks and premium pay television services.
 
Warner Bros. has an extensive film library consisting of rights to over 6,000 films previously released by Warner Bros. and other studios.
 
Television
 
Warner Bros. Television Group (“WBTVG”) is one of the world’s leading suppliers of television programming, distributing programming in the U.S. as well as in more than 220 international territories and in more than 145 languages. WBTVG both develops and produces new television series, reality-based entertainment shows and animation programs for the Company’s networks and third parties. WBTVG licenses such programming for initial telecast and off-network exhibition, VOD and EST. During 2010, the cable off-network rights became available for Two and a Half Men. During 2010, WBTVG also renewed licenses with local broadcasters for Two and a Half Men, and WBTVG licensed the cable and local off-network rights for The Big Bang Theory (available in 2011) and the


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off-network cable rights for The Closer. WBTVG also licenses programming from the Warner Bros. library for exhibition on various media in the U.S. and internationally. Warner Bros. International Television Distribution Inc. is forming an international group of local television production companies in major territories with a focus on non-scripted programs and formats that can be sold internationally and adapted for sale in the U.S. As part of this initiative, Warner Bros. acquired an approximate 55% interest in Shed Media plc, a leading television producer in the U.K., in October 2010.
 
WBTVG programming is primarily produced by Warner Bros. Television (“WBTV”), a division of WB Studio Enterprises Inc. that produces primetime dramatic and comedy programming for the broadcast networks and for cable networks, including the Company’s networks; Warner Horizon Television Inc. (“Warner Horizon”), which specializes in unscripted programming for broadcast networks as well as scripted and unscripted programming for cable networks; and Telepictures Productions Inc. (“Telepictures”), which specializes in reality-based and talk/variety series for the syndication and daytime markets. For the 2010-11 season, WBTV is producing, among others, Nikita and Gossip Girl for The CW and Two and a Half Men, The Big Bang Theory, The Mentalist, Mike & Molly, Fringe, Chuck and The Middle for other broadcast networks. WBTV also produces original series for cable networks, including The Closer for TNT. Warner Horizon produces the primetime reality series The Bachelor and other original series for cable networks, including Rizzoli & Isles for TNT and Pretty Little Liars. Telepictures produces first-run syndication shows such as Extra, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, TMZ and Lopez Tonight for TBS.
 
Warner Bros. Animation Inc. (“WBAI”) creates, develops and produces contemporary animated television programming and original made-for-DVD releases, including Batman: The Brave & The Bold and Young Justice for Cartoon Network and the Scooby-Doo series. WBAI also oversees the creative use of, and production of animated programming based on, classic animated characters from Warner Bros., including Looney Tunes, and from the Hanna-Barbera and DC Comics libraries.
 
Warner Bros.’ television library consists of rights to many television series, reality-based entertainment shows, animation programs and made-for-television movies.
 
Home Entertainment
 
Warner Home Video (“WHV”), a division of Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Inc. (“WBHE”), distributes DVDs and Blu-ray Discs containing filmed entertainment product and television programming produced or otherwise acquired by the Company’s various content-producing subsidiaries and divisions, including Warner Bros. Pictures, Warner Bros. Television, New Line Cinema, Home Box Office and Turner. Significant WHV releases during 2010 of filmed entertainment product included The Blind Side, Inception, Sherlock Holmes, Clash of the Titans, Sex and the City 2, and The Book of Eli. Significant WHV releases during 2009 of filmed entertainment product included Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover and Gran Torino. WHV also distributes DVDs and Blu-ray Discs from Warner Bros.’ extensive library. In addition, WHV distributes other companies’ product, including DVDs and Blu-ray Discs for BBC, Sesame Street and national sports leagues in the U.S., and has similar distribution relationships with content producers outside the U.S.
 
WHV sells and licenses DVD and Blu-ray Disc product for resale in the U.S. and in major international territories to retailers and wholesalers through its own sales force, with warehousing and fulfillment handled by third parties. In some countries, WHV’s product is distributed through licensees. DVD and Blu-ray Disc product is replicated by third parties under contract with WHV and/or its affiliates in applicable territories. The replication of DVD and Blu-ray Disc product for the U.S., Canada, Europe and Mexico is provided under long-term contracts with two manufacturers, and the replication of DVD and Blu-ray Disc product for Japan is provided under a long-term contract with one manufacturer.
 
Warner Premiere, a division of Warner Specialty Films Inc., develops and produces feature films and short-form content for home entertainment platforms, including DVD, Blu-ray Disc, VOD and EST. Warner Premiere produced 10 direct-to-home-entertainment movies in 2010, including Scooby Doo: Curse of the Lake Monster. In addition, in 2010, Warner Premiere Digital produced two short form series for debut on broadband platforms: Jonah Hex Motion Comics, a series of animated stories based on the classic Jonah Hex comics, and Aim High, a live-action science fiction series.


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Interactive Videogames
 
Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment (“WBIE”), a division of WBHE, develops, publishes and licenses interactive videogames for a variety of platforms based on Warner Bros. and DC Comics properties, as well as original game properties. In 2010, WBIE continued to expand its games publishing business through acquisitions, including the acquisition of Turbine Inc., the developer of The Lord of the Rings Online, and a majority stake in Rocksteady Studios, the developer of Batman: Arkham Asylum, as well as increasing its development capabilities, entering into new videogame distribution agreements and further leveraging WBHE’s global distribution infrastructure. Significant releases in 2010 included LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1 — 4, The Lord of the Rings: Aragorn’s Quest, and Super Scribblenauts. WBIE has entered into an agreement for the co-financing of certain of its interactive videogames with Imagenation Abu Dhabi, a subsidiary of Abu Dhabi Media Company.
 
Digital Media
 
Warner Bros. Digital Distribution (“WBDD”), a division of WBHE, enters into domestic and international licensing arrangements for distribution of Warner Bros.’ film and television content as well as acquired content through VOD and EST transactions via cable, IPTV systems, satellite and online services for delivery to consumers worldwide. WBDD licenses film and television content for both VOD and EST to affiliates such as Comcast, Time Warner Cable, DirecTV, DISH Network and Verizon, as well as broadband customers including Apple’s iTunes Store, Amazon’s Video on Demand, Microsoft’s Xbox 360 and Sony’s Playstation 3. WBDD has also licensed movies, as well as a slate of catalog television shows, including Nip/Tuck and several television series with a limited number of episodes, to various subscription on demand streaming services. In 2010, WBDD continued its content release strategy of making its films available, both domestically and in 30 international territories, in VOD and EST on the same date as their release on DVD and Blu-ray Discs.
 
WBDD has arrangements with a number of mobile handset and PC manufacturers, including Nokia, Samsung and Dell, to pre-load films onto their devices to be marketed to consumers. WBDD also entered into content licensing deals for online and mobile interactive videogames involving DC Comics properties and Harry Potter. In addition to its content licensing activities, as of December 31, 2010, WBDD had published 12 Apps in Apple’s iTunes App Store, including Lego Harry Potter: Years 1-4; Harry Potter: Spells, Lego Batman and Sherlock Holmes Mysteries. In partnership with WBIE, WBDD expanded its digital distribution strategy to include the online distribution of interactive videogames on multiple platforms including PC, Microsoft’s Xbox 360, Sony’s Playstation 3, and handheld devices including Sony’s PSP device and Apple’s iPhone and iPod Touch. WBDD also continued to test delivery of content through digital kiosk locations in 2010.
 
WBDD manages Warner Bros.’ direct-to-consumer retail website, wbshop.com, which includes the Warner Archive Collection manufacturing-on-demand offering, with 786 film titles and television series available as of December 31, 2010, many of which were never before released on DVD.
 
WBDD also makes digital copies of movies available to consumers who purchase specially marked DVDs and Blu-ray Discs, either by entering a code included in the product packaging that allows consumers to download a file containing the film or by placing an electronic copy of the film directly on the DVD or Blu-ray Disc that the consumer can unlock. In 2010, digital copies were offered to purchasers of DVDs and Blu-ray Discs on 74 titles in the United States, and digital copy offers were also made available for certain titles in 50 international territories.
 
WBTVG’s online destination, TMZ.com is one of the leading entertainment news brands in the U.S. across online, TV and mobile. WBTVG operates websites for many of its syndicated television properties, including The Ellen DeGeneres Show and Extra. The destination site TheWB.com is an online video site featuring programs from the Warner Bros. library and new original production, and its KidsWB.com is a casual game and video online destination site with a target audience of kids, ages 6-12. In addition, WBTVG partnered with Time Inc.’s Essence Communications Inc. on the launch and operation of the online destination Essence.com, which was launched in conjunction with Time Inc.’s Essence magazine, a leading lifestyle magazine for African-American women in the U.S. WBTVG’s digital production venture, Studio 2.0, creates original programming for worldwide online and wireless distribution.


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Many of WBTVG’s current on-air television series are available on demand via broadband and wireless streaming and downloading and cable on demand platforms under agreements entered into with the broadcast and cable networks exhibiting the series. Under those agreements, the networks have the right to offer each series episode on demand for a limited period of time after the episode airs and WBTVG retains the right to offer current episodes in EST during the same timeframe, and, increasingly, WBTVG has the right to offer online streaming of current series episodes at the end of a broadcast year. WBTVG also selectively licenses certain off-air or library television series for exhibition online in the U.S. to broadcast licensees and third party video exhibition sites. Internationally, WBTVG has a number of Warner Bros. branded on-demand program services, which, as of December 31, 2010, included eight services in the U.K., five in each of China and Japan, four in Germany, three in France, two in each of Austria and Italy, and one in each of the Netherlands, Finland, Canada, Greece/Cyprus, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Korea, Australia and New Zealand. In addition, WBTVG operates linear Warner Bros. branded general entertainment channels in Latin America and Asia, and supplies programming to a linear Warner Bros. branded general entertainment channel in India.
 
Other Entertainment Assets
 
Warner Bros. Consumer Products Inc. licenses rights to licensees, manufacturers, publishers, retailers and theme park operators in both domestic and international markets to the names, likenesses, images, logos and other representations of characters and copyrighted material from the films and television series produced or distributed by Warner Bros., including the superhero characters of DC Comics, Hanna-Barbera characters, classic films and Looney Tunes.
 
DC Entertainment, which is wholly owned by the Company, is responsible for bringing the DC Comics business, brand and characters from comics into other content and distribution businesses, including feature films, television programming, interactive videogames, direct-to-consumer platforms, and consumer products. DC Comics, also wholly owned by the Company, published on average 95 comic books and 28 graphic novels per month in 2010, featuring such popular characters as Superman, Batman, Green Lantern, Wonder Woman and The Sandman. DC Entertainment is the operating name of E.C. Publications, Inc., which also publishes MAD magazine.
 
Warner Bros. and CBS Corporation each have a 50% interest in The CW, a broadcast network launched at the beginning of the Fall 2006 broadcast season. For additional information, see “Networks,” above.
 
Warner Bros. International Cinemas Inc. holds interests through joint ventures in 67 multi-screen cinema complexes, with over 550 screens in Japan and the U.S. as of December 31, 2010.
 
In 2007, Warner Bros. entered into a multi-faceted strategic alliance with ALDAR Properties PJSC, an Abu Dhabi real estate development company, and Abu Dhabi Media Company, a media company owned by the Abu Dhabi government. As of December 31, 2010, the strategic alliance relates to the creation of a theme park branded with Warner Bros. intellectual property and an agreement for the co-financing and distribution of interactive videogames.
 
Competition
 
The production and distribution of theatrical motion pictures, television, videogame and animation product are highly competitive businesses. These businesses compete with each other, as well as with other forms of entertainment, including Internet streaming and downloading, websites providing social networking and user-generated content, interactive games and other online activities, sports, print media, live events and radio broadcasts for consumers’ entertainment and leisure time and spending. The number and quality of motion pictures, home entertainment titles or videogames released in any given period may create over-supply in the market and increase competition for consumers’ attention, and, in the case of the theatrical release of 3D motion pictures, many compete for a limited number of available 3D screens. Furthermore, there is intense competition in the television industry evidenced by the increasing number and variety of networks now available. Despite this increasing number of networks, access to primetime and syndicated television slots has actually tightened as networks and owned and operated stations increasingly source programming from content producers aligned with or owned by their parent


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companies. There is active competition among all production companies in these industries for the services of producers, directors, writers, actors and others and for the acquisition of literary properties. With respect to the distribution of television product, there is significant competition from independent distributors as well as major studios. The competitive position of a producer or distributor of theatrical motion pictures, television, videogame and animation product is also greatly affected by the quality of, and public response to, the entertainment product it makes available to the marketplace.
 
Warner Bros. also competes in its character merchandising and other licensing activities with other licensors of characters, brands and celebrity names.
 
PUBLISHING
 
The Company’s publishing business is conducted primarily by Time Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Time Inc. is the largest magazine publisher in the U.S. based on advertising revenues, as measured by Publishers Information Bureau (“PIB”). In addition to publishing magazines, Time Inc. also operates or has editorial responsibility for a number of websites, as well as certain direct-marketing and marketing services businesses.
 
Publishing
 
As of December 31, 2010, Time Inc. published 22 magazines in the U.S., including People, Sports Illustrated, Time, InStyle, Real Simple, Southern Living, Entertainment Weekly and Fortune, and over 70 magazines outside the U.S., primarily through IPC Media (“IPC”) in the U.K. and Grupo Expansión (“GEX”) in Mexico. In addition, Time Inc. operates or has editorial responsibility for over 45 magazine websites, such as CNNMoney.com, People.com, and Time.com, that collectively had average monthly unique visitors of over 50 million in the U.S., the U.K., Mexico and other countries during the fourth quarter of 2010, according to comScore Media Metrix. Time Inc. also publishes magazine content on digital devices. As of December 31, 2010, individual issues of People, Sports Illustrated, Time and Fortune were available through Apple’s iTunes App Store for download on the iPad.
 
Until recently, Time Inc.’s U.S. magazines and companion websites were organized into three business units, each under a single management team: Style and Entertainment, News and Lifestyle. This structure has enabled Time Inc. to reduce its costs by bringing together under centralized management products that have a common appeal in the marketplace. In December 2010, Time Inc. split the News unit into two separate units, News and Sports, in order to build on their strengths, including in the digital and international arenas. In addition, across Time Inc.’s four U.S. business units, magazine consumer marketing and production and distribution activities are generally centralized, and subscription fulfillment activities for Time Inc.’s U.S. magazines are primarily administered from a centralized facility in Tampa, Florida.
 
In July 2010, Time Inc. and Turner announced the formation of a strategic digital partnership between Turner Sports and Sports Illustrated. The partnership combines Sports Illustrated’s and Golf’s content with Turner’s digital media and sales expertise. Under the agreement, Turner manages the SI.com and Golf.com websites and, since the fourth quarter of 2010, sells all advertising for the websites. Accordingly, Turner now receives all advertising revenues generated from the websites, and Time Inc. receives a license fee from Turner and reimbursement for certain website editorial and other costs.
 
In December 2009, Time Inc., together with four other leading publishers, announced the formation of Next Issue Media, an independent venture to develop a new digital storefront and related technology that will allow consumers to enjoy media content on portable digital devices. Next Issue Media’s initial digital storefront is expected to launch in 2011.
 
In 2009, Time Inc. implemented cost-saving initiatives, particularly at its News business unit, and executed a restructuring initiative, primarily relating to headcount reductions, which benefitted Time Inc.’s performance in 2010. Time Inc. continues on an ongoing basis to look for opportunities to implement cost-savings initiatives.


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Style and Entertainment
 
People is a weekly magazine that reports on celebrities and other newsworthy individuals. People magazine generated approximately 20% of Time Inc.’s revenues in 2010. The People franchise also includes: People StyleWatch, a monthly magazine aimed at U.S. style-conscious younger readers; People en Espaňol, a monthly Spanish-language magazine aimed primarily at U.S. Hispanic readers; People Country, a magazine published six times in 2010, aimed at U.S. country music fans; People.com, a leading website for celebrity news, photos and entertainment coverage; and PeopleEnEspañol.com, a bilingual website aimed primarily at the U.S. Hispanic audience.
 
InStyle, a monthly magazine, and InStyle.com, a related website, focus on celebrity, lifestyle, beauty and fashion. StyleFeeder, a personal shopping engine, was acquired by a subsidiary of Time Inc. in January 2010. Using Stylefeeder’s technology, the publishers of InStyle launched Stylefind.com, an e-commerce shopping channel, in November 2010. Time Inc. also publishes InStyle in the U.K. through IPC and in Mexico through GEX.
 
Entertainment Weekly, a weekly magazine, and EW.com, a related entertainment news website, feature reviews and reports on movies, DVDs, video, television, music and books.
 
Essence Communications Inc. (“ECI”) publishes Essence, a leading lifestyle magazine for African-American women in the U.S., and, with its partner Warner Bros., Essence.com, a related website. ECI and Warner Bros. have also expanded the brand’s content into television and home entertainment. ECI also produces the annual Essence Music Festival.
 
Lifestyle
 
Real Simple, a monthly magazine, and RealSimple.com, a related website, focus on life, home, body and soul and provide practical solutions to make women’s lives easier.
 
Southern Living, a monthly regional magazine, and SouthernLiving.com, a related website, focus on lifestyles in the southern part of the U.S.
 
Cooking Light, a monthly epicurean magazine, and CookingLight.com, a related website, focus on cooking healthy and great tasting meals.
 
Sunset, a monthly magazine, and Sunset.com, a related website, focus on western lifestyle in the U.S.
 
All You, a monthly magazine, and AllYou.com, a related website, focus on lifestyle and service for value conscious women.
 
Health, a monthly magazine for women, and Health.com, a related website, focus on information about health and wellness.
 
This Old House, a magazine published 10 times per year, and ThisOldHouse.com, a related website, focus on home improvement. Through subsidiaries, Time Inc. also produces two television series, This Old House and Ask This Old House, which focus on home improvement.
 
Coastal Living, a monthly shelter and lifestyle magazine, and CoastalLiving.com, a related website, focus on home design and lifestyles in coastal areas of the U.S.
 
MyRecipes.com, a recipes website, and MyHomeIdeas.com, a shelter website, both feature original content and content from other Time Inc. Lifestyle brands.
 
News
 
Time is a weekly newsmagazine that summarizes the news and interprets the week’s events, both national and international. Time also has three English-language weekly editions that circulate outside the U.S. TIME.com, a related website, provides breaking news and analysis, giving its readers access to its 24-hour global news gathering operation and its vast archive. Time for Kids is a weekly current events newsmagazine for children ages five to 13.


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Fortune is a magazine published 18 times per year that reports on worldwide economic and business developments and compiles the annual Fortune 500 list of the largest U.S. corporations. Time Inc. also publishes Money, a monthly magazine that reports primarily on personal finance. Both of these magazines combine their resources on the CNNMoney.com website, a leading financial news and personal finance website that is operated in partnership with CNN.
 
Life.com is an unconsolidated joint venture between Time Inc. and Getty Images, Inc. It is one of the largest collections of professional photography online with more than 10 million photos, a combination of the legendary Life magazine archives and Getty’s extensive collection of images.
 
Sports
 
Sports Illustrated is a weekly magazine that covers sports. Sports Illustrated for Kids is a monthly sports magazine intended primarily for pre-teenagers. Time Inc. also has editorial responsibility for SI.com, a leading sports news website that provides up-to-the-minute scores and sports news 24/7, as well as statistics and analysis of domestic and international professional sports and college and high school sports.
 
Golf is a leading monthly golf magazine. Time Inc. also has editorial responsibility for Golf.com, a website that features user-friendly content designed to help readers play their best golf and maximize their golfing experience.
 
Other Publishing Operations
 
Time Inc. also has responsibility under a management contract for the American Express Publishing Corporation’s publishing operations, including its travel and epicurean magazines Travel & Leisure, Food & Wine and Departures and their related websites.
 
International
 
IPC, a leading U.K. consumer magazine publisher, publishes approximately 55 magazines as well as numerous special issues. IPC is organized into three operating divisions, Connect, Inspire and SouthBank, which are aligned with its three core audience groups of mass-market women, men and upscale women. This structure is intended to facilitate the delivery of highly targeted audiences to IPC’s advertisers and bring focus and efficiency to IPC’s operations. IPC’s magazines include (i) in the Connect division, What’s On TV and TV Times, television listing magazines, Chat, Woman and Woman’s Own, magazines focused on women’s lifestyle, and Now, a celebrity magazine; (ii) in the Inspire division, Country Life and Horse & Hound, magazines focused on leisure, and Nuts, a men’s lifestyle magazine; and (iii) in the SouthBank division, Woman & Home, Ideal Home and Homes & Gardens, magazines focused on homes and gardens.
 
In addition, IPC publishes four magazines through three unconsolidated joint ventures with Groupe Marie Claire. IPC websites include ShopStyle, a shopping portal on instyle.co.uk; video channels on nme.com, nuts.co.uk, trustedreviews.com and golfmonthly.co.uk, among other websites; Mousebreaker.com, a U.K. free-to-play game site; and goodtoknow.co.uk, an advice website for women.
 
In 2010, IPC sold 20 of its magazines that targeted niche audiences.
 
GEX, a leading Mexican consumer magazine publisher, publishes 13 magazines in Mexico including: Quién, a celebrity and personality magazine; Expansión, a business magazine; IDC, a tax and accounting bulletin; InStyle Mexico, a fashion and lifestyle magazine for women; and Chilango, a Mexico City listing guide. In addition, GEX publishes two magazines through an unconsolidated joint venture with Hachette Filipacchi Presse S.A. GEX has licensing agreements with Mexicana Airlines to publish Vuelo and Click Airlines to publish Loop, two in-flight magazines, but their publication is on hiatus due to the airlines’ suspension of operations. GEX also owns and operates MedioTiempo.com, a leading sports website in Mexico, MetrosCúbicos.com, a leading website for classified real estate listings in Mexico, CNNExpansíon.com, a leading business website in Mexico, and Quien.com, a leading celebrity site. In addition, GEX and Turner formed a joint venture to launch CNNMexico.com, a Spanish-language news site that provides local, national and international news from a Mexican perspective, in February 2010.


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Time Inc. licenses approximately 50 editions of its magazines for print publication outside the U.S. to publishers in over 20 countries. In addition, Time Inc. has been expanding its licensing to digital platforms outside the U.S. and has licenses in approximately 10 countries.
 
Advertising
 
Time Inc. derives approximately half of its revenues from the sale of advertising, primarily from its print magazines with a smaller amount of advertising revenues from its websites and digital magazines for tablets. Advertising carried in Time Inc.’s magazines and on its websites is predominantly consumer advertising, including toiletries and cosmetics, food, drugs, automobiles, financial services and insurance, travel and home, media and movies, retail and department stores, computers and telecommunications, and apparel and accessories.
 
In 2010, Time Inc.’s U.S. magazines accounted for 20.7% (compared to 20.0% in 2009) of the total U.S. advertising revenues in consumer magazines, excluding newspaper supplements, as measured by PIB. People, Sports Illustrated and Time were ranked 1, 3 and 7, respectively, in terms of PIB-measured advertising revenues in 2010, and Time Inc. had six of the top 25 leading magazines based on the same measure.
 
Pursuant to the digital partnership between Turner and Sports Illustrated, beginning in the fourth quarter of 2010, Turner receives all advertising revenues generated from the SI.com and Golf.com websites, and Time Inc. receives a license fee from Turner and reimbursement for certain website editorial and other costs.
 
Circulation
 
Through the sale of magazines to consumers, circulation generates significant revenues for Time Inc. In addition, circulation is an important component in determining Time Inc.’s print advertising revenues because advertising page rates are based on circulation and audience. Most of Time Inc.’s U.S. magazines are sold primarily by subscription and delivered to subscribers through the mail. Subscribers to the print version of People magazine may also download the digital version of People through Apple’s iTunes App Store for no additional fee. Subscriptions are sold primarily through direct mail and online solicitation, subscription sales agents, marketing agreements with other companies and insert cards in Time Inc. magazines and other publications. Most of Time Inc.’s international magazines are sold primarily at newsstands.
 
Time Inc.’s Synapse Group, Inc. (“Synapse”) is a leading seller of domestic magazine subscriptions to Time Inc. magazines and magazines of other U.S. publishers. Synapse sells magazine subscriptions principally through marketing relationships with commercial airlines that have frequent flier programs, retailers, Internet businesses, consumer catalog companies, and credit card issuers.
 
Time Inc.’s school and youth group fundraising company business, QSP, offers fundraising programs that help schools and youth groups raise money through the sale of subscriptions to Time Inc. magazines and magazines of other publishers, among other products.
 
Newsstand sales of magazines, which are reported as a component of Subscription revenues, are sold through traditional newsstands as well as other retail outlets such as Wal-Mart, supermarkets and convenience and drug stores, and may or may not result in repeat purchases. Time/Warner Retail Sales & Marketing Inc. distributes and markets copies of Time Inc. magazines and books and certain other publishers’ magazines and books through third-party wholesalers primarily in the U.S. and Canada. Wholesalers, in turn, sell Time Inc. magazines and books to retailers. A small number of wholesalers are responsible for a substantial portion of Time Inc.’s newsstand sales of magazines and books. IPC’s Marketforce (U.K.) Limited distributes and markets copies of all IPC magazines, some international editions of Time Inc.’s U.S. magazines and certain other publishers’ magazines outside of the U.S. through third-party wholesalers to retail outlets. Individual issues of People, Sports Illustrated, Time and Fortune are also sold through Apple’s iTunes App Store for download on the iPad.
 
Paper and Printing
 
Paper constitutes a significant component of physical costs in the production of magazines. During 2010, Time Inc. purchased over 275,000 tons of paper for magazines and other printed products principally from three independent manufacturers.


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Printing and binding for Time Inc. magazines are performed primarily by major domestic and international independent printing concerns in multiple locations in the U.S. and in other countries. Magazine printing contracts are typically fixed-term at fixed prices with, in some cases, adjustments based on inflation.
 
Marketing Services
 
Through subsidiaries, Time Inc. conducts marketing services businesses. The marketing services include providing customer relationship marketing programs, custom client publications and other platforms that enable clients to create and sustain profitable relationships with their customers. The marketing services also include advertising services for magazines that are customized, on multiple platforms, and targeted based on demographics and geography.
 
Direct-Marketing and Books
 
Through subsidiaries, Time Inc. conducts direct-marketing businesses as well as certain niche book publishing. In addition to magazine subscription fundraising programs, QSP offers fundraising programs that help schools and youth groups to raise money through the sale of chocolate, cookie dough and other products. Time Inc.’s book publishing business consists of Time Home Entertainment Inc. and Oxmoor House Inc., which publish how-to, lifestyle and special commemorative books and books on other topics through retail and direct mail channels under TIME books, LIFE books, Oxmoor House, Sunset and other imprints.
 
In 2009, Time Inc. sold Southern Living At Home, its direct selling division that sold home décor products through independent consultants.
 
Postal Rates
 
Postal costs represent a significant operating expense for Time Inc.’s magazine publishing and direct-marketing activities. In 2010, Time Inc. spent over $250 million for services provided by the U.S. Postal Service. The U.S. Postal Service did not increase postal rates in 2010 for services used by Time Inc., but is expected to increase such rates in 2011. Time Inc. does not expect to directly pass on any increased costs due to postal rate increases to magazine subscribers. Time Inc. strives to minimize postal expense through the use of certain cost-saving activities with respect to address quality, mail preparation and delivery of products to postal facilities.
 
Competition
 
Time Inc. faces significant competition from several direct competitors and other media, including the Internet. Time Inc.’s magazine and website operations compete with numerous other magazine and website publishers and other media for circulation and audience and for advertising directed at the general public and at more focused demographic groups. The publishing business presents few barriers to entry and many new magazines and websites are launched annually. Time Inc. has also recently begun creating digital versions of its magazines, primarily targeting consumers reading on mobile digital devices such as tablets. The use of these digital devices as distribution platforms for magazine products may lower the barriers to entry for launching digital magazine products that could compete with Time Inc.’s businesses.
 
Competition for magazine and website advertising revenues is primarily based on advertising rates, the nature and size of the audience (including the circulation and readership of magazines and the number of unique visitors to and page views on websites), audience response to advertisers’ products and services and the effectiveness of sales teams. Other competitive factors in publishing include product positioning, editorial quality, price and customer service, which impact audience, circulation revenue and advertising revenue. New digital platforms for publishing may impact the way in which Time Inc. competes for consumers with other forms of media. In addition, competition for magazine advertising revenue has intensified in recent years due to challenging economic conditions and the increasing shift in advertising dollars from traditional print to digital media.


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Time Inc.’s marketing services businesses and direct-marketing businesses compete with other marketing services businesses and direct-marketing businesses through all media, including the Internet.
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
 
Time Warner is one of the world’s leading creators, owners and distributors of intellectual property. The Company’s vast intellectual property assets include copyrights in motion pictures, television programs, magazines, software and books; trademarks in names, logos and characters; patents or patent applications for inventions related to its products and services; and licenses of intellectual property rights of various kinds. The Company derives value from these assets through a range of business models, including the theatrical release of films, the licensing of its films and television programming to multiple domestic and international television and cable networks, pay television services, VOD and streaming, the sale of products such as DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, magazines and videogames and the operation of websites. It also derives revenues related to its intellectual property through advertising in its magazines, networks and online properties and from various types of licensing activities, including licensing of its trademarks and characters. To protect these assets, the Company relies on a combination of copyright, trademark, unfair competition, patent and trade secret laws and contract provisions. The duration of the protection afforded to the Company’s intellectual property depends on the type of property in question and the laws and regulations of the relevant jurisdiction.
 
The Company vigorously pursues all appropriate avenues of protection for its intellectual property. However, there can be no assurance of the degree to which these measures will be successful in any given case. Policing unauthorized use of the Company’s intellectual property is often difficult and costly and the steps taken may not in every case prevent misappropriation. Piracy, particularly in the digital environment, continues to present a threat to revenues from products and services based on intellectual property. The Company seeks to limit that threat through a combination of approaches, including offering legitimate market alternatives, applying technical protection measures, pursuing legal sanctions for infringement, promoting appropriate legislative initiatives, and enhancing public awareness of the meaning and value of intellectual property. The Company works with various cross-industry groups and trade associations, as well as with strategic partners to develop and implement technological solutions to control digital piracy.
 
Third parties may bring intellectual property infringement claims or challenge the validity or scope of the Company’s intellectual property from time to time, and such challenges could result in the limitation or loss of intellectual property rights. In addition, domestic and international laws, statutes and regulations are constantly changing, and the Company’s assets may be either adversely or beneficially affected by such changes. Moreover, intellectual property protections may be insufficient or insufficiently enforced in certain foreign territories. The Company therefore generally engages in efforts to strengthen and update intellectual property protection around the world, including efforts to ensure effective and appropriately tailored remedies for infringement.
 
REGULATORY MATTERS
 
The Company’s businesses are subject to and affected by laws and regulations of U.S. federal, state and local governmental authorities, and the Company’s international operations are subject to laws and regulations of local countries and international bodies such as the European Union. The Company’s U.S. cable networks and original programming businesses are subject to regulation by the Federal Communications Commission (the “FCC”). The Company’s U.S. magazine subscription and other direct marketing activities are subject to regulation by the Federal Trade Commission (the “FTC”). The laws, regulations, rules, policies and procedures affecting the Company’s businesses are subject to change. The following descriptions of significant federal, state, local and international laws and regulations and current regulatory agency inquiries and rulemaking proceedings should be read in conjunction with the texts of the respective laws, regulations, inquiries and rulemaking proceedings.
 
Network Regulation
 
Under the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, and its implementing regulations, U.S. cable networks are subject to certain direct and, through their distribution partners, indirect obligations that, among other things,


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require closed captioning of programming for the hearing impaired, limit the amount and content of commercial matter that may be shown during programming aimed primarily at an audience of children 12 and under, and require the identification of (or the maintenance of lists of) sponsors of political advertising. Various other federal laws also contain provisions that place restrictions on violent and sexually explicit programming and provisions relating to the voluntary promulgation of ratings by the industry.
 
In December 2010, the FCC adopted “net neutrality” rules requiring Internet service providers (“ISPs”) to follow certain principles with respect to broadband Internet access service provided to consumers. These principles, with certain exceptions (particularly for wireless ISPs), prohibit ISPs from blocking lawful content, applications, services, or non-harmful devices, and also prohibit unreasonable discrimination in the transmission of lawful network traffic. The FCC has indicated that agreements between an ISP and a third party to favor some network traffic over other network traffic in the Internet access service connection to a subscriber (i.e., “pay for priority”) may constitute unreasonable discrimination. It is not clear what impact these regulations will have on the increasing use of the Internet to deliver and receive video content. Lawsuits challenging the FCC’s authority to adopt these rules have been filed, and additional lawsuits are expected to be filed.
 
From time to time, the FCC and other federal agencies conduct inquiries and rulemaking proceedings, including the following, which could lead to additional regulations that could have a material effect on the Company and its businesses:
 
  •     Smart Video Devices:  The FCC initiated an inquiry in April 2010 to study potential options to spur development of smart video devices that are compatible with all multichannel video programming distributor (“MVPD”) services and that would be available for consumers to purchase in retail outlets. Under one proposed option, MVPD services would be sent to a universal adapter in a consumer’s home. The adaptor would enable the consumer to view the content from the MVPD service on a connected smart video device, such as a television or portable device. The FCC is expected to initiate a rulemaking proceeding in this area in 2011.
  •     Bundling and Carriage Agreements:  In October 2007, the FCC initiated a rulemaking proceeding to examine the use of bundling practices in carriage agreements for both broadcast and satellite cable programming. As of February 15, 2011, it is unclear what, if any, action the FCC will take in this matter.
  •     Children’s Media: In 2009, the FCC initiated an inquiry to broadly survey the state of children’s media across multiple platforms and seek comment on existing ratings, advertising, and media literacy efforts. As of February 15, 2011, it is unclear what, if any, action the FCC will take in this matter. The FTC is also studying food and beverage marketing to children, and an interagency task force is expected to seek comment in 2011 on a proposed voluntary nutrition standard for marketing aimed at children 2-17 years old.
  •     Disability Access:  The FCC is expected to initiate several rulemaking proceedings in 2011 to implement the 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010. This law extends closed captioning requirements to television programming distributed via the Internet after it is initially aired on a broadcast or cable network and reinstitutes the FCC’s video description rules for the sight impaired for the top five cable networks with more than 50 hours of non-exempt programming per quarter, which may include one or more of the Company’s U.S. cable networks. The FCC is also considering changes to its closed captioning rules, including the adoption of quality standards and either eliminating or changing existing exemptions to such rules.
 
In addition, in international territories in which the Company’s Networks businesses operate, laws and regulations have been instituted or proposed that, among other things, place limitations on the amount of advertising cable networks are entitled to air, impose local content quotas, require closed-captioning of programming, limit the kind and nature of advertising aimed at children, require operators of pay television packages to include a specified number of local channels based on the number of international channels that are carried by the operator and expand laws and regulations regarding content delivered via the Internet.


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Marketing Regulation
 
Time Inc.’s U.S. magazine subscription and direct marketing activities, as well as marketing activities by other divisions of the Company, are subject to regulation by the FTC and each of the states under general consumer protection statutes prohibiting unfair or deceptive acts or practices. Certain areas of marketing activity are also subject to specific federal statutes and rules, such as the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (relating to financial privacy) and the FTC Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise Rule. Other statutes and rules also regulate conduct in areas such as privacy, data security, product safety and telemarketing. Time Inc. regularly receives and resolves routine inquiries from state Attorneys General and is subject to agreements with state Attorneys General addressing some of Time Inc.’s marketing activities.
 
In connection with their international activities, Time Inc. and the Company’s other divisions are subject to local laws and regulations relating to data privacy and electronic marketing, especially across Europe and the Asia Pacific region. In the European Union, these local laws and regulations include the European Data Protection Directive and the European Directive on Privacy and Electronic Communications. In addition, a combination of codes, directives, regulations and legislation covering consumer protection, electronic commerce and audiovisual media regulate the Company’s conduct of marketing and advertising activities in numerous individual territories internationally.
 
FINANCIAL INFORMATION ABOUT SEGMENTS, GEOGRAPHIC AREAS AND BACKLOG
 
Financial and other information by segment and revenues by geographic area for each year in the three-year period ended December 31, 2010 is set forth in Note 15 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, “Segment Information.” Information with respect to the Company’s backlog, representing future revenue not yet recorded from cash contracts for the licensing of theatrical and television product, at December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, is set forth in Note 16 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, “Commitments and Contingencies — Commitments — Programming Licensing Backlog.”
 
Item 1A.  Risk Factors.
 
RISKS RELATING TO TIME WARNER GENERALLY
 
The Company must respond to recent and future changes in technology, services, standards and consumer behavior to remain competitive and continue to increase its revenues. Technology, particularly digital technology used in the entertainment and media industry, continues to evolve rapidly, and advances in that technology have led to alternative methods for the distribution, storage and consumption of digital content. These technological changes have driven and reinforced changes in consumer behavior as consumers increasingly seek control over when, where and how they consume content digitally. For example, consumer electronic innovations have enabled consumers to view Internet-delivered content, including films, television programming and magazines, on televisions, computers, tablets, phones and other portable electronic devices. These changes in technology and consumer behavior have resulted in a number of challenges and risks for content owners and aggregators, such as the Company. For example, the growing number of content aggregators increases competition for programming and consumers’ leisure and entertainment time and discretionary spending, and the increased availability of programming online from content aggregators may diminish the perceived value of such programming in other distribution windows and negatively affect consumers’ decisions to purchase such programming. The Company’s failure to adapt to emerging technologies and changes in consumer behavior could have a significant adverse effect on the Company’s competitive position and its businesses and results of operations.
 
Technological developments also pose other challenges for the Company that could adversely affect its revenues and competitive position. For example, the Company may not have the right, or be able to secure the right, to distribute content it licenses from others digitally or across new delivery platforms or devices that are developed. Furthermore, advances in technology or changes in competitors’ product and service offerings may require the Company to make additional research and development expenditures or offer products or services in a digital format


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without charge or at a lower price than offered in other formats. New technology or business initiatives supported by the Company may not be embraced by consumers or advertisers, and therefore may not develop into profitable business models, which could have a significant adverse effect on the Company’s competitive position and its businesses and results of operations. In addition, new delivery platforms could lead to the loss of distribution control and the loss of direct relationships with consumers.
 
The Company faces risks relating to competition for the leisure and entertainment time and discretionary spending of consumers, which has intensified in part due to advances in technology and changes in consumer behavior. The Company’s businesses are subject to risks relating to increasing competition for the leisure and entertainment time and discretionary spending of consumers. The Company’s businesses compete with each other and all other sources of entertainment, news and other information, including broadcast television, films, the Internet, home video products, interactive videogames, social networking, sports, print media, live events and radio broadcasts, for consumers’ leisure and entertainment time and discretionary spending. Technological advancements, such as tablets and other portable electronic devices, video-on-demand, new video formats and Internet streaming and downloading, have increased the number of media and entertainment choices available to consumers and intensified the challenges posed by audience fragmentation. The increasing number of leisure and entertainment choices available to consumers, including low-cost or free choices, could negatively affect consumer demand for the Company’s products and services, the prices content aggregators are willing to pay to license the Company’s content and advertisers’ willingness to purchase advertising from the Company’s businesses, which could reduce the Company’s revenues and could also result in the Company incurring additional marketing expenses.
 
The popularity of the Company’s content is difficult to predict and could lead to fluctuations in the Company’s revenues, and low public acceptance of the Company’s content may adversely affect its results of operations. The production and distribution of television programming, films, interactive videogames, magazines and other content are inherently risky businesses, largely because the revenues derived from the production, distribution and licensing of such content depend primarily on its acceptance by the public, which is difficult to predict. As more cable networks and premium pay television services produce and acquire more original programming, the Networks segment faces increasing pressure to produce and acquire more new compelling programming. With the scheduled theatrical release of the final Harry Potter film in 2011, the Filmed Entertainment segment faces increasing pressure to develop new franchises or extend current franchises. Public acceptance of new original television programming and new theatrical films and interactive videogames is particularly difficult to predict, which heightens the risks associated with such content. The public acceptance of the Company’s content depends on many factors, only some of which are within the Company’s control. Examples include the quality and acceptance of competing content, including locally produced content, available or released at or near the same time, the availability of alternative forms of leisure and entertainment time activities, the adequacy of efforts to limit piracy, the Company’s ability to develop strong brand awareness and target key audience demographics, the Company’s ability to anticipate and adapt to changes in consumer tastes and behavior on a timely basis and general economic conditions. If the Company is not able to create and distribute content, products and services that earn consumer acceptance, the Company’s revenues and its results of operations could be adversely affected.
 
The popularity of the Company’s content is reflected in (1) the theatrical performance of the Filmed Entertainment segment’s films, (2) the ratings for the television programming produced by the Filmed Entertainment segment and the syndicated, licensed and original programming of the Networks segment, (3) the Publishing segment’s magazine circulation and (4) the number of unique visitors to the Company’s many websites. Historically, there has been a correlation between a theatrical film’s domestic box office success and international box office success, as well as a correlation between box office success and success in subsequent distribution channels. Consequently, the underperformance of a film, particularly an “event” film (which typically has high production and marketing costs) or a film that is part of a franchise, can have an adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations in both the year of release and in the future. A film’s underperformance may also adversely affect revenues from other distribution channels, such as home entertainment and pay television services, and sales of interactive videogames and licensed consumer products based on such film. In addition, due to the decline in the sales of DVDs, the success of a theatrical film is much more dependent on public acceptance at the box office. A decline in the ratings or audience delivery of the television programming produced by the Filmed


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Entertainment segment or shown by Turner can negatively affect license fees, syndication results, advertising demand and rates, affiliate fees and a network’s distribution potential. For Home Box Office, a decline in the popularity of its television programming can negatively affect license fees, syndication results, affiliate fees and the distribution potential of its premium pay television services. For the Publishing segment, a decrease in magazine circulation or the number of unique visitors for its websites can lead to lower advertising demand and rates.
 
The Company’s businesses operate in highly competitive industries. The businesses in the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments face intense competition from many different sources, and the ability of these businesses to compete successfully depends on many factors, including their ability to provide high-quality, popular content, adapt to new technologies and distribution platforms, respond to changes in consumer behavior and achieve widespread distribution. Consolidation in the U.S. and international entertainment and media industry also has resulted in increased competition for the Company. In addition, the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments’ competitors include industry participants with interests in other multiple media businesses that are vertically integrated.
 
The Publishing segment faces significant competition from several direct competitors and other media, including the Internet. Moreover, additional competitors may enter the digital publishing business and further intensify competition, which could have an adverse impact on the segment’s revenues.
 
There can be no assurance that the Company and its businesses will be able to compete successfully in the future against existing or potential competitors. The failure to compete successfully may have an adverse effect on the Company’s businesses or results of operations.
 
The Company has been in the recent past, and may continue to be, adversely affected by weak economic and market conditions. The Company’s businesses have been, and in the future will continue to be, affected by economic and market conditions, including factors such as the rate of unemployment, the level of consumer confidence, changes in consumer spending habits, and interest rates. Because many of the Company’s products and services are largely discretionary items, the deterioration of the economy in the U.S. or key international markets could diminish demand for the Company’s products and services and adversely affect the Company’s subscription and content revenues. In addition, expenditures by advertisers tend to be cyclical, reflecting general economic conditions. The deterioration of these conditions could adversely affect the Company’s revenues since the Networks and Publishing segments derive a substantial portion of their revenues from the sale of advertising on a variety of platforms. Although the print advertising market has improved in 2010, there continues to be a risk that the print advertising market will not continue to improve, or it may take several years for any further improvement to occur. Declines in consumer spending due to weak economic conditions could also indirectly impact the Company’s advertising revenues by causing downward pricing pressure on advertising because advertisers may not perceive as much value from advertising if consumers are purchasing fewer of their products or services.
 
The Company derives a significant portion of its advertising revenues from companies in certain sectors of the economy, including food and beverage, financial/business services and insurance, automotive, motion picture, pharmaceuticals and medical, apparel, fashion and retail, toiletries and cosmetics, telecommunications, and household products and travel. Any economic, political, social, technological or legal or regulatory change (including change due to pressure from public interest groups) resulting in a significant reduction in the advertising spending of these sectors could further adversely affect the Company’s advertising revenues or its ability to maintain or increase such revenues.
 
The Company also faces risks associated with the impact of economic and market conditions on third parties, such as advertisers, suppliers, retailers, insurers and other parties with which it does business. If these parties file for reorganization under bankruptcy laws or otherwise experience negative effects on their businesses due to the market and economic conditions, it could reduce the number of outlets for the Company’s DVD, Blu-ray Disc and magazine products and otherwise negatively affect the Company’s businesses or operating results.
 
The Company faces risks relating to doing business internationally that could adversely affect its businesses and operating results. The Company’s businesses operate and serve customers worldwide. There are risks inherent in doing business internationally, including:
 
  •     economic volatility;
  •     inflationary pressures;


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  •     the requirements of local laws, regulations, industry practices and customs relating to the publication and distribution of content and the display and sale of advertising;
  •     risks related to government regulation, including import or export restrictions and changes in trade regulations;
  •     issues related to occupational safety and adherence to diverse local labor laws and regulations;
  •     potentially adverse tax developments;
  •     longer payment cycles;
  •     political or social unrest;
  •     the existence in some countries of statutory shareholder minority rights and restrictions on foreign direct ownership;
  •     the presence of corruption in certain countries; and
  •     higher than anticipated costs of entry.
 
One or more of these factors could harm the Company’s international operations and its operating results.
 
In addition, certain of the Company’s operations are conducted in foreign currencies. The value of these currencies fluctuates relative to the U.S. dollar. As a result, the Company is exposed to exchange rate fluctuations, which have in the past had, and could in the future have, an adverse effect on its results of operations in a given period. The Company’s international businesses are also subject to exchange control regulations, and the Company cannot predict the extent to which such controls may affect its ability to convert a foreign currency to U.S. dollars and remit U.S. dollars from abroad.
 
Further, the Company could be at a competitive disadvantage in the long term if its businesses are not able to strengthen their positions and capitalize on international opportunities. However, international expansion involves significant investments, and investments in some regions can take a long period to generate an adequate return. Also, in some countries, there may not be a developed or efficient legal system to protect foreign investment or intellectual property rights. Further, if the Company expands into new international regions, some of its businesses will have only limited experience in operating and marketing their products and services in such regions and could be at a disadvantage compared to competitors with more experience in such regions.
 
Piracy of the Company’s content may decrease the revenues received from the exploitation of its content and adversely affect its businesses and profitability. The piracy of the Company’s content, products and other intellectual property in the U.S. and internationally poses significant challenges for the Company’s businesses. Technological advances have made it easier to create, transmit and distribute high quality unauthorized copies of content in unprotected digital formats. The proliferation of unauthorized copies and piracy of the Company’s content and products or the products it licenses from third parties could result in a reduction of the revenues that the Company receives from the legitimate sale and distribution of its content and products. The Company devotes substantial resources to protecting its intellectual property, but there can be no assurance that the Company’s efforts to enforce its rights and combat piracy will be successful.
 
The Company’s businesses may suffer if it cannot continue to license or enforce the intellectual property rights on which its businesses depend. The Company relies on patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws and licenses and other agreements with its employees, customers, suppliers and other parties to establish and maintain its intellectual property rights in content, technology and products and services used to conduct its businesses. However, the Company’s intellectual property rights could be challenged or invalidated, it could have difficulty obtaining such rights or the rights may not be sufficient to permit it to take advantage of business opportunities, which could result in costly redesign efforts, discontinuance of certain product and service offerings or other competitive harm. Further, the laws of certain countries do not protect the Company’s proprietary rights or such laws may not be strictly enforced, and the Company may be unable to protect its intellectual property adequately against unauthorized copying or use in certain countries.
 
The Company has been, and may be in the future, subject to claims of intellectual property infringement, which could have an adverse impact on the Company’s businesses or operating results. From time to time, the Company receives notices from others claiming that it infringes their intellectual property rights. Such claims and lawsuits could require the Company to enter into royalty or licensing agreements on unfavorable terms, incur substantial monetary liability or be enjoined preliminarily or permanently from further use of the intellectual


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property in question. This could require the Company to change its business practices and limit its ability to compete effectively. If the Company is required to take any of these actions, it could have an adverse impact on the Company’s businesses or operating results. Even if the Company believes that the claims are without merit, defending against the claims can be time-consuming and costly and divert management’s attention and resources away from its businesses.
 
The Company is exposed to risks associated with disruption in the financial markets. The Company is exposed to risks associated with disruptions in the financial markets, which can make it more difficult and more expensive to obtain financing. For example, the adoption of new statutes and regulations, the implementation of recently enacted laws or new interpretations or the enforcement of older laws and regulations applicable to the financial markets or the financial services industry could result in a reduction in the amount of available credit or an increase in the cost of credit. In addition, disruptions in the financial markets can adversely affect the Company’s lenders, insurers, customers and counterparties, including vendors, retailers and film co-financing partners. For instance, the inability of the Company’s counterparties to obtain capital on acceptable terms could impair their ability to perform under their agreements with the Company and lead to various negative effects on the Company, including business disruption, decreased revenues, increases in bad debt write-offs and, in the case of film co-financing partners, greater risk with respect to the performance of the Company’s films.
 
The Company’s businesses are subject to labor interruption. The Company and certain of its suppliers retain the services of writers, directors, actors, athletes, technicians, trade employees and others involved in the development and production of motion pictures, television programming and magazines who are covered by collective bargaining agreements. If the Company or its suppliers are unable to renew expiring collective bargaining agreements, it is possible that the affected unions could take actions in the form of strikes, work slowdowns or work stoppages. Such actions or the possibility of such actions, including attempts to unionize, could cause delays in the production or the release dates of the Company’s feature films, television programming and magazines. The Company could also incur higher costs from such actions, new collective bargaining agreements or if collective bargaining agreements are renewed on less favorable terms. In addition, union or labor disputes or player lock-outs relating to professional sports leagues could have a negative impact on the Networks segment’s subscription and advertising revenues.
 
The Company’s businesses rely heavily on network and information systems or other technology, and a disruption or failure of such networks, systems or technology as a result of computer viruses, misappropriation of data or other malfeasance, as well as outages, natural disasters, accidental releases of information or similar events, may disrupt the Company’s businesses, damage its reputation or have a negative impact on its revenues. Because network and information systems and other technologies are critical to many of the Company’s operating activities, network or information system shutdowns or service disruptions pose increasing risks. Such disruptions may be caused by events such as computer hacking, dissemination of computer viruses, worms and other destructive or disruptive software, denial of service attacks and other malicious activity, as well as power outages, natural disasters, failures or impairments of communication satellites or on-ground uplinks or downlinks used to transmit programming, terrorist attacks and similar events. Such events could have an adverse impact on the Company and its customers, including degradation or disruption of service and damage to equipment and data. Significant incidents could result in a disruption of the Company’s operations, customer dissatisfaction, or a loss of customers or revenues. Furthermore, the operating activities of the Company’s various businesses could be subject to risks caused by misappropriation, misuse, leakage, falsification or accidental release or loss of information maintained in the information technology systems and networks of the Company and third party vendors, including personnel, customer and vendor data. The Company could be exposed to significant costs if such risks were to materialize, and such events could result in violations of data privacy laws and regulations and damage the reputation and credibility of the Company and its businesses and have a negative impact on its revenues. The Company also could be required to expend significant money and other resources to remedy any such security breach or to repair or replace networks or information systems.
 
The Company’s businesses are subject to regulation in the U.S. and internationally, which could cause the Company to incur additional costs or liabilities or disrupt its business practices. The Company’s businesses are subject to a variety of U.S. and international laws and regulations. Television networks (including those operated by the Networks segment) in the U.S. are regulated by U.S. federal laws and regulations issued and administered by


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various federal agencies, including the FCC. The Publishing segment’s U.S. magazine subscription and direct marketing activities are subject to regulation by the FTC and the states under general consumer protection statutes prohibiting unfair or deceptive acts or practices, and certain areas of marketing activity are also subject to specific federal statutes and rules. In addition, the rules of the Audit Bureau of Circulations govern the Publishing segment’s U.S. magazine subscription activities. The Company’s digital properties and activities are subject to a variety of laws and regulations, including those relating to privacy, consumer protection, data retention and protection, content regulation and the use of software that allows for audience targeting and tracking of performance metrics, among others. See Item 1, “Business — Regulation” for a description of current significant federal, state, local and international laws, regulations inquiries and regulatory proceedings affecting the growth and operation of the Company’s businesses.
 
The Company could incur substantial costs necessary to comply with new laws, regulations or policies or substantial penalties or other liabilities if it fails to comply with them. Compliance with new laws, regulations or policies also could cause the Company to change or limit its business practices in a manner that is adverse to its businesses. In addition, if there are changes in laws that provide protections that the Company relies on in conducting its business, it would subject the Company to greater risk of liability and could increase its costs of compliance or limit its ability to operate certain lines of business.
 
If the AOL Separation or the TWC Separation is determined to be taxable for income tax purposes, Time Warner and/or Time Warner’s stockholders who received shares of AOL or TWC in connection with the spin-offs could incur significant income tax liabilities. In connection with the legal and structural separation of AOL Inc. (“AOL”) from the Company in December 2009 (the “AOL Separation”), Time Warner received an opinion of counsel confirming that the AOL Separation will not result in the recognition, for U.S. Federal income tax purposes, of gain or loss to Time Warner or its stockholders, except to the extent of cash received in lieu of fractional shares. In connection with the legal and structural separation of Time Warner Cable Inc. (“TWC”) from the Company in March 2009 (the “TWC Separation”), Time Warner received a private letter ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and opinions of counsel confirming that the TWC Separation should not result in the recognition, for U.S. Federal income tax purposes, of gain or loss to Time Warner or its stockholders, except to the extent of cash received in lieu of fractional shares. The IRS ruling and the opinions received in connection with these transactions were based on, among other things, certain facts, assumptions, representations and undertakings made by Time Warner and by AOL or TWC, as applicable. If any of these facts, assumptions, representations or undertakings is incorrect or not otherwise satisfied, Time Warner and its stockholders may not be able to rely on the relevant IRS ruling or opinion and could be subject to significant tax liabilities. Furthermore, opinions of counsel are not binding on the IRS or state or local tax authorities or the courts, and a tax authority or court could determine that the AOL Separation or the TWC Separation should be treated as a taxable transaction. Under the tax matters agreement that Time Warner entered into with AOL, Time Warner is entitled to indemnification from AOL for taxes resulting from the failure of the AOL Separation to qualify as tax-free (“AOL Transaction Taxes”) as a result of (i) certain actions or failures to act by AOL or (ii) the failure of certain representations made by AOL to be true. Similarly, under the tax matters agreement that Time Warner entered into with TWC, Time Warner is entitled to indemnification from TWC for taxes resulting from the failure of the TWC Separation to qualify as tax-free (“TWC Transaction Taxes” and, together with the AOL Transaction Taxes, the “Transaction Taxes”) as a result of (i) certain actions or failures to act by TWC or (ii) the failure of certain representations made by TWC to be true. However, under these tax matters agreements, if Transaction Taxes are incurred for any other reason, Time Warner would not be entitled to indemnification.
 
RISKS RELATING TO TIME WARNER’S NETWORKS BUSINESSES
 
The failure to renew affiliate agreements on favorable terms or the inability to renew affiliate agreements could cause the revenues of the Networks segment to decline in any given period, and further consolidation of multichannel video programming distributors could adversely affect the segment. The Networks segment depends on affiliate agreements with cable system operators, satellite distribution services, telephone companies and other customers (known as affiliates) for the distribution of its networks and services, and there can be no assurance that these affiliate agreements will be renewed in the future on terms that are acceptable to the Networks segment. The inability to renew affiliate agreements or the renewal of affiliate agreements on less


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favorable terms may adversely affect the segment’s results of operations. In addition, the loss of carriage on the most widely penetrated programming tiers, including as a result of an affiliate’s creation of lower-priced video packages or tiers that do not include the segment’s cable networks, could reduce the distribution of the segment’s programming and adversely affect its advertising and subscription revenues. Further, the reduction of any affiliate marketing of the Network segment’s premium pay television services could negatively affect the segment’s subscription revenues. In addition, further consolidation among affiliates has provided them greater negotiating power, and increased vertical integration of such affiliates could adversely affect the segment’s ability to maintain or obtain distribution and/or marketing for its networks and services on commercially reasonable terms, or at all.
 
The inability of the Networks segment to license rights to popular programming on acceptable terms could adversely affect the segment’s operating results. Turner obtains a significant portion of its programming, such as motion pictures, television series and sports events, from movie studios, television production companies and sports organizations. In addition, Home Box Office has agreements with certain movie studios that provide it with the exclusive rights to exhibit the studios’ original theatrical films during specified periods. Competition for popular programming is intense, and the businesses in the segment may be outbid by their competitors for the rights to programming or in connection with the renewal of programming they currently license and the cost to license such programming may increase due to such competition. There can be no assurance that the Networks segment will be able to enter into new agreements or renew existing agreements for programming on acceptable terms. If it is unable to obtain such new agreements or renewals on acceptable terms, the results of operations of the Networks segment may be adversely affected. In addition, the Networks segment may not be able to obtain the rights to distribute the content it licenses from others over new distribution platforms on acceptable terms.
 
Increases in the costs to produce programming may adversely affect the gross margins at the Networks segment. The Networks segment produces programming and it incurs costs for creative talent, including actors, writers and producers, as well as costs relating to development and marketing. The segment also incurs additional significant costs, such as production and newsgathering costs. The Networks segment’s failure to generate sufficient revenues to offset increases in the costs of creative talent or in development, marketing, production or newsgathering costs may lead to decreased profits at the Networks segment.
 
The loss of subscribers could adversely affect the results of operations and future revenue growth at the Networks segment. The Networks segment faces increased competition from services that distribute movies, television shows and other video programming directly to consumers, including by means of online services that offer video streaming or other means of distribution. If consumers elect to utilize these services as an alternative to video services provided by affiliates, the networks in the segment may experience a decline in subscribers. Further, if video services rates charged by affiliates continue to increase or economic conditions deteriorate, consumers may cancel their video service subscriptions, reduce the number of services they subscribe to or elect to subscribe to a lower-priced tier that may not include all of the Company’s networks. In addition, if affiliates reduce their promotional efforts associated with the Company’s premium pay television services, the number of subscribers to such services could decline. A decrease in the number of subscribers to the Networks segment’s networks and services could result in a decrease in affiliate fees and advertising revenues.
 
RISKS RELATING TO TIME WARNER’S FILMED ENTERTAINMENT BUSINESSES
 
Sales of DVDs have been declining, which may adversely affect Warner Bros.’ growth prospects and results of operations. Several factors are contributing to an industry-wide decline in DVD sales both domestically and internationally, which has had an adverse effect on Warner Bros.’ results of operations. These factors include challenging economic conditions, the maturation of the standard definition DVD format, piracy, intense competition for consumer discretionary spending and leisure and entertainment time and the declining popularity of catalog titles. Subscription rental (including subscription streaming services) and discount rental kiosks, which generate significantly less revenue for Warner Bros. than DVD sales, have been capturing an increasing share of consumer transactions and consumer discretionary spending, which has adversely affected DVD prices and sales and could adversely affect Warner Bros.’ ability to increase revenues from the electronic delivery of its films and television programming.


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A decrease in demand for television programming could adversely affect Warner Bros.’ revenues. Warner Bros. is a leading supplier of television programming. If there is a decrease in the demand for Warner Bros.’ television product, it could lead to the launch of fewer new television series and a reduction in the number of original programs ordered by the networks, the per-episode license fees generated by Warner Bros. in the near term and the syndication revenues generated by Warner Bros. in the future. Various factors may increase the risk of such a decrease in demand, including station group consolidation and vertical integration of station groups and broadcast networks, as well as the vertical integration of television production studios and broadcast networks. Vertically integrated networks could increase the amount of programming they purchase from production companies with which they are affiliated, driven in part by their desire to have more control over digital rights. In addition, the failure of ratings for the programming to meet expectations and the shift of viewers and advertisers away from network television to other entertainment and information outlets could adversely affect the amount and type (e.g., scripted drama) of original programming ordered by networks and the amount they are willing to pay for such programming or could result in a network’s cancellation of a program. Local television stations may face loss of viewership and an accompanying loss of advertising revenues as viewers move to other entertainment outlets, which may negatively affect the segment’s ability to obtain the per-episode license fees in syndication that it has received in the past. Finally, the increasing popularity of local television content in international regions also could result in decreased demand, fewer available broadcast slots, and lower licensing and syndication revenues for U.S. television content in international regions.
 
If the costs of producing and marketing feature films increase in the future, it may be more difficult for a film to generate a profit. The production and marketing of feature films is very expensive and has been increasing in recent years. The increasing popularity of 3D films and the trend toward producing event and franchise films (which often entail higher talent costs for films later in the series) could result in even higher production costs. If production and marketing costs continue to increase in the future, it may make it more difficult for the segment’s films to generate a profit. Also, if film production incentives, such as subsidies and rebates, currently offered in certain U.S. states and international territories (particularly the United Kingdom) are reduced or discontinued, Warner Bros.’ capital requirements for production would increase.
 
Changes in estimates of future revenues from feature films could result in the write-off or the acceleration of the amortization of production costs. Warner Bros. is required to amortize capitalized film production costs over the expected revenue streams as it recognizes revenues from the associated films. The amount of film production costs that will be amortized each quarter depends on how much future revenue Warner Bros. expects to receive from each film. Unamortized film production costs are evaluated for impairment each reporting period on a film-by-film basis. If the estimated remaining revenue is not sufficient to recover the unamortized film production costs plus expected but unincurred marketing costs, the unamortized film production costs are written down to fair value. In any given quarter, if Warner Bros. lowers its forecast with respect to total anticipated revenue from any individual feature film, it would be required to accelerate amortization of related film costs. Such a write-down or accelerated amortization could adversely affect Warner Bros.’ operating results in a given period.
 
RISKS RELATING TO TIME WARNER’S PUBLISHING BUSINESS
 
The Publishing segment could face increased costs and business disruption resulting from instability in the U.S. wholesaler distribution channel. The Publishing segment operates a national distribution business that relies on wholesalers to distribute its magazines to newsstands and other retail outlets. A small number of wholesalers are responsible for a substantial percentage of the wholesale magazine distribution business in the U.S. There is the possibility of consolidation among these major wholesalers and insolvency of or non-payment by one or more of these wholesalers, especially in light of the economic climate and its impact on retailers. Distribution channel disruptions can temporarily impede the Publishing segment’s ability to distribute magazines to the retail marketplace, which could, among other things, negatively affect the ability of certain magazines to meet the rate base established with advertisers. Continued disruption in the wholesaler channel, an increase in wholesaler costs or the failure of wholesalers to pay amounts due could adversely affect the Publishing segment’s operating income or cash flow.


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Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments.
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 2.  Properties.
 
Time Warner’s headquarters are located in New York City at One Time Warner Center. The Company also owns or leases offices, studios, production and warehouse spaces, satellite transmission facilities and data centers in numerous locations in the United States and around the world for its businesses. The Company considers its properties adequate for its present needs. The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 2010 with respect to the Company’s principal properties:
 
                 
        Approximate Square
    Type of Ownership;
Location
 
Principal Use
 
Feet Floor Space
   
Expiration Date of Lease
 
New York, NY
One Time Warner Center
  Executive and administrative offices, studio and technical space (Corporate HQ and Turner)     1,007,500     Owned by the Company. Approx. 130,000 sq. ft. is leased to an unaffiliated third-party tenant.
New York, NY
75 Rockefeller Plaza
Rockefeller Center
  Sublet to unaffiliated third-party tenants by Corporate     582,400     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2014. Entire building is sublet by the Company to unaffiliated third-party tenants.
Hong Kong
979 King’s Rd.
Oxford House
  Executive and administrative offices (Corporate, Turner, Warner Bros. and Time Inc.)     133,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2012.
Atlanta, GA
One CNN Center
  Executive and administrative offices, studios, technical space and retail (Turner)     1,280,000     Owned by the Company. Approx. 48,000 sq. ft. is leased to unaffiliated third-party tenants.
Atlanta, GA
1050 Techwood Dr. 
  Business offices and studios (Turner)     1,170,000     Owned by the Company.
Santiago, Chile
Pedro Montt 2354
  Business offices and studios (Turner)     592,000     Owned by the Company.
Santiago, Chile
Ines Matte Urrejola #0890
Provencia — Central
  Business offices and studios (Turner)     108,000     Owned by the Company.
London, England
16 Great Marlborough
St. Turner House
  Executive and administrative offices (Turner)     100,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2014.
Buenos Aires, Argentina
599 & 533 Defensa St. 
  Executive and administrative offices, studios and technical space (Turner)     113,000     Owned by the Company.
Washington, DC
820 First St. 
  Executive and administrative offices, studios and technical space (Turner)     102,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2020.
Los Angeles, CA
6430 Sunset Blvd. 
  Executive and administrative offices, studios and technical space (Turner)     37,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2022.
New York, NY
1100 and 1114 Ave.
of the Americas
  Executive and business offices (HBO)     673,100     Leased by the Company under two leases expiring in 2018. Approx. 24,200 sq. ft. is sublet to unaffiliated third-party tenants.
New York, NY
120A East 23rd Street
  Business and administrative offices, production studios and technical space (HBO)     81,100     Leased by the Company under two leases expiring in 2018.


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        Approximate Square
    Type of Ownership;
Location
 
Principal Use
 
Feet Floor Space
   
Expiration Date of Lease
 
Hauppauge, NY
300 New Highway
  Communications center and production facility (HBO)     110,000     Owned by the Company.
Burbank, CA
The Warner Bros.
Studio
  Executive and administrative offices, sound stages, administrative, technical and dressing room structures, screening theaters, machinery and equipment facilities, back lot and parking lot/structures and other Burbank properties (Warner Bros.)     4,677,000 (a)   Owned by the Company.
Leavesden, UK
Leavesden Studios
  Sound stages, administrative, technical and dressing room structures, machinery and equipment facilities, back lot and parking lots (Warner Bros.)     489,000     Owned by the Company.
Burbank, CA
3400 Riverside Dr. 
  Executive and administrative offices (Warner Bros.)     421,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2019.
Burbank, CA
3300 W. Olive Ave.
  Executive and administrative offices (Warner Bros.)     231,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2021.
London, England
98 Theobald Rd.
  Executive and administrative offices (Warner Bros.)     133,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2014.
New York, NY
Time & Life Building Rockefeller Center
  Executive, business and editorial offices (Time Inc.)     2,200,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2017. Approx. 372,000 sq. ft. is sublet to unaffiliated third-party tenants.
London, England
Blue Fin Building
110 Southwark St. 
  Executive and administrative offices (Time Inc.)     499,000     Owned by the Company. Approx. 96,000 sq. ft. is leased to unaffiliated third-party tenants.
Birmingham, AL
2100 Lakeshore Dr. 
  Executive and administrative offices (Time Inc.)     398,000     Owned by the Company.
New York, NY
135 West 50th Street
  Business and editorial offices (Time Inc.)     240,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2017. Approximately 5,000 sq. ft. is sublet to unaffiliated third-party tenants.
Tampa, FL
3000 University Center Drive
  Business offices (Time Inc.)     133,000     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2020.
Parsippany, NJ
260 Cherry Hill Road
  Business offices (Corporate and Time Inc.)     132,000     Owned by the Company.
Tampa, FL
One North Dale Mabry
Highway
  Business offices (Time Inc.)     69,900     Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2020.
 
 
(a) Represents 4,677,000 sq. ft. of improved space on 158 acres. Ten acres consist of various parcels adjoining The Warner Bros. Studio with mixed commercial and office uses.

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Item 3.   Legal Proceedings.
 
On October 8, 2004, certain heirs of Jerome Siegel, one of the creators of the “Superman” character, filed suit against the Company, DC Comics and Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. Plaintiffs’ complaint seeks an accounting and demands up to one-half of the profits made on Superman since the alleged April 16, 1999 termination by plaintiffs of Siegel’s grants of one-half of the rights to the Superman character to DC Comics’ predecessor-in-interest. Plaintiffs have also asserted various Lanham Act and unfair competition claims and alleging “wasting” of the Superman property by DC Comics, and the Company has filed counterclaims. On March 26, 2008, the court entered an order of summary judgment finding, among other things, that plaintiffs’ notices of termination were valid and that plaintiffs had thereby recaptured, as of April 16, 1999, their rights to a one-half interest in the Superman story material, as first published, but that the accounting for profits would not include profits attributable to foreign exploitation, republication of pre-termination works and trademark exploitation. On October 6, 2008, the court dismissed plaintiffs’ Lanham Act and “wasting” claims with prejudice, and subsequently determined that the remaining claims in the case will be subject to phased non-jury trials. On July 8, 2009, the court issued a decision in the first phase trial in favor of the defendants on the issue of whether the terms of various license agreements between DC Comics and Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. were at fair market value or constituted “sweetheart deals.” The parties are awaiting a new date for the commencement of the second phase trial.
 
On October 22, 2004, the same Siegel heirs filed a related lawsuit against the same defendants, as well as Warner Communications Inc. and Warner Bros. Television Production Inc. in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. Plaintiffs claim that Siegel was the sole creator of the character Superboy and, as such, DC Comics has had no right to create new Superboy works since the alleged October 17, 2004 termination by plaintiffs of Siegel’s grants of rights to the Superboy character to DC Comics’ predecessor-in-interest. This lawsuit seeks a declaration regarding the validity of the alleged termination and an injunction against future use of the Superboy character. On March 23, 2006, the court granted plaintiffs’ motion for partial summary judgment on termination, denied the Company’s motion for summary judgment and held that further proceedings are necessary to determine whether the Company’s Smallville television series may infringe on plaintiffs’ rights to the Superboy character. On July 27, 2007, upon the Company’s motion for reconsideration, the court reversed the bulk of its March 23, 2006 ruling, and requested additional briefing on certain issues, on which a decision remains pending.
 
On May 14, 2010, DC Comics filed a related lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against the heirs of Superman co-creator Joseph Shuster, the Siegel heirs, their attorney Marc Toberoff and certain companies that Mr. Toberoff controls. The lawsuit asserts a claim for declaratory relief concerning the validity and scope of the copyright termination notice served by the Shuster heirs, which, together with the termination notices served by the Siegel heirs described above, purports to preclude DC Comics from creating new Superman and/or Superboy works for distribution and sale in the United States after October 26, 2013. The lawsuit also seeks declaratory relief with respect to, inter alia, the validity of various agreements between Mr. Toberoff, his companies and the Shuster and Siegel heirs, and asserts claims for intentional interference by Mr. Toberoff with DC Comics’ contracts and prospective economic advantage with the Shuster and Siegel heirs, for which DC Comics seeks monetary damages. On September 3, 2010, DC Comics filed an amended complaint and on September 20, 2010, defendants filed motions to strike certain causes of action and dismiss the amended complaint under California and federal laws.
 
On September 20, 2007, Brantley, et al. v. NBC Universal, Inc., et al. was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against the Company and several other programming content providers (collectively, the “programmer defendants”) as well as cable and satellite providers (collectively, the “distributor defendants”), alleging violations of the federal antitrust laws. Among other things, the complaint alleged coordination between and among the programmer defendants to sell and/or license programming on a “bundled” basis to the distributor defendants, who in turn purportedly offer that programming to subscribers in packaged tiers, rather than on a per channel (or “à la carte”) basis. In an order dated October 15, 2009, the court dismissed the third amended complaint with prejudice. On October 30, 2009, plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.


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On April 4, 2007, the National Labor Relations Board (“NLRB”) issued a complaint against CNN America Inc. (“CNN America”) and Team Video Services, LLC (“Team Video”). This administrative proceeding relates to CNN America’s December 2003 and January 2004 terminations of its contractual relationships with Team Video, under which Team Video had provided electronic newsgathering services in Washington, DC and New York, NY. The National Association of Broadcast Employees and Technicians, under which Team Video’s employees were unionized, initially filed charges of unfair labor practices with the NLRB in February 2004, alleging that CNN America and Team Video were joint employers, that CNN America was a successor employer to Team Video, and/or that CNN America discriminated in its hiring practices to avoid becoming a successor employer or due to specific individuals’ union affiliation or activities. The NLRB complaint seeks, among other things, the reinstatement of certain union members and monetary damages. On November 19, 2008, the presiding NLRB Administrative Law Judge issued a non-binding recommended decision, finding CNN America liable. On February 17, 2009, CNN America filed exceptions to this decision with the NLRB.
 
On March 10, 2009, Anderson News L.L.C. and Anderson Services L.L.C. (collectively, “Anderson News”) filed an antitrust lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York against several magazine publishers, distributors and wholesalers, including Time Inc. and one of its subsidiaries, Time/Warner Retail Sales & Marketing, Inc. Plaintiffs allege that defendants violated Section 1 of the Sherman Antitrust Act by engaging in an antitrust conspiracy against Anderson News, as well as other related state law claims. Plaintiffs are seeking unspecified monetary damages. On August 2, 2010, the court granted defendants’ motions to dismiss the complaint with prejudice, and on October 25, 2010, the court denied Anderson News’ motion for reconsideration of that dismissal. On November 8, 2010, Anderson News filed a notice of appeal with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
 
The Company intends to defend against or prosecute, as applicable, the lawsuits and proceedings described above vigorously, but is unable to predict the outcome of these matters or to reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss arising from the claims against the Company.
 
From time to time, the Company receives notices from third parties claiming that it infringes their intellectual property rights. Claims of intellectual property infringement could require Time Warner to enter into royalty or licensing agreements on unfavorable terms, incur substantial monetary liability or be enjoined preliminarily or permanently from further use of the intellectual property in question. In addition, certain agreements entered into by the Company may require the Company to indemnify the other party for certain third-party intellectual property infringement claims, which could increase the Company’s damages and its costs of defending against such claims. Even if the claims are without merit, defending against the claims can be time-consuming and costly.
 
The costs and other effects of pending or future litigation, governmental investigations, legal and administrative cases and proceedings (whether civil or criminal), settlements, judgments and investigations, claims and changes in those matters (including those matters described above), and developments or assertions by or against the Company relating to intellectual property rights and intellectual property licenses, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and operating results.


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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE COMPANY
 
Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the information regarding the Company’s executive officers required by Item 401(b) of Regulation S-K is hereby included in Part I of this report.
 
The following table sets forth the name of each executive officer of the Company, the office held by such officer and the age of such officer as of February 15, 2011.
 
             
Name
 
Age
 
Office
 
Jeffrey L. Bewkes
    58     Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Paul T. Cappuccio
    49     Executive Vice President and General Counsel
Gary Ginsberg
    48     Executive Vice President, Corporate Marketing and Communications
John K. Martin, Jr. 
    43     Executive Vice President, Chief Financial and Administrative Officer
Carol A. Melton
    56     Executive Vice President, Global Public Policy
Olaf Olafsson
    48     Executive Vice President
 
Set forth below are the principal positions held by each of the executive officers named above:
 
Mr. Bewkes Chairman and Chief Executive Officer since January 2009; prior to that, Mr. Bewkes served as President and Chief Executive Officer from January 2008 and President and Chief Operating Officer from January 2006. Mr. Bewkes has been a Director of the Company since January 2007. Prior to January 2006, Mr. Bewkes served as Chairman, Entertainment & Networks Group from July 2002 and, prior to that, Mr. Bewkes served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of HBO from May 1995, having served as President and Chief Operating Officer from 1991.
 
Mr. Cappuccio Executive Vice President and General Counsel since January 2001; prior to that, Mr. Cappuccio served as Senior Vice President and General Counsel of AOL from August 1999. From 1993 to 1999, Mr. Cappuccio was a partner at the Washington, D.C. office of the law firm of Kirkland & Ellis. Mr. Cappuccio was an Associate Deputy Attorney General at the U.S. Department of Justice from 1991 to 1993.
 
Mr. Ginsberg Executive Vice President, Corporate Marketing and Communications since April 2010; prior to that, Mr. Ginsberg served as an Executive Vice President at News Corporation from January 1999 to December 2009, most recently serving as Executive Vice President of Global Marketing and Corporate Affairs. Prior to that, Mr. Ginsberg served as Managing Director at the strategic consulting firm Clark & Weinstock from November 1996 to December 1998, Senior Editor and Counsel of George magazine from March 1995 to November 1996, and Assistant Counsel to President Clinton and Senior Counsel at the U.S. Department of Justice from January 1993 to November 1994.
 
Mr. Martin Executive Vice President, Chief Financial and Administrative Officer since January 2011; prior to that Mr. Martin served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer from January 2008. Mr. Martin served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of TWC from August 2005 to January 2008. Mr. Martin joined TWC from Time Warner where he had served as Senior Vice President of Investor Relations from May 2004 and Vice President of Investor Relations from March 2002 to May 2004. Prior to that, Mr. Martin was


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Director in the Equity Research group of ABN AMRO Securities LLC from 2000 to 2002, and Vice President of Investor Relations at Time Warner from 1999 to 2000. Mr. Martin first joined the Company in 1993 as a Manager of SEC financial reporting.
 
Ms. Melton Executive Vice President, Global Public Policy since June 2005; prior to that, Ms. Melton worked for eight years at Viacom Inc., serving as Executive Vice President, Government Relations at the time she left to rejoin Time Warner. Prior to that, Ms. Melton served as Vice President in Time Warner’s Public Policy Office until 1997, having joined the Company in 1987 as Washington Counsel to Warner Communications Inc. after serving as Legal Advisor to the Chairman of the FCC from 1986 to 1987.
 
Mr. Olafsson Executive Vice President since March 2003. During 2002, Mr. Olafsson pursued personal interests, including working on a novel that was published in the fall of 2003. Prior to that, he was Vice Chairman of Time Warner Digital Media from November 1999 through December 2001 and, prior to that, Mr. Olafsson served as President of Advanta Corp. from March of 1998 until November 1999.
 
PART II
 
Item 5. Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
The Company is a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware, and was formed on February 4, 2000 in connection with the Company’s January 2001 merger with America Online, Inc. The principal market for the Company’s Common Stock is the NYSE. For quarterly price information with respect to the Company’s Common Stock for the two years ended December 31, 2010, see “Quarterly Financial Information” at page 132 herein, which information is incorporated herein by reference. The quarterly price information set forth therein reflects the 1-for-3 reverse stock split of the Company’s Common Stock that became effective at 7 p.m. on March 27, 2009 (the “Reverse Stock Split”). The number of holders of record of the Company’s Common Stock as of February 11, 2011 was approximately 28,785.
 
The Company paid a cash dividend of $0.1875 per share in each quarter of 2009 (which amount has been adjusted to reflect the Reverse Stock Split) and a cash dividend of $0.2125 per share in each quarter of 2010.
 
On February 1, 2011, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an increase in the quarterly cash dividend to $0.235 per share and declared the next regular quarterly cash dividend to be paid on March 15, 2011 to stockholders of record on February 28, 2011. The Company currently expects to continue to pay comparable cash dividends in the future; however, changes in the Company’s dividend program will depend on the Company’s earnings, investment opportunities, capital requirements, financial condition, economic conditions and other factors considered relevant by the Company’s Board of Directors.


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Company Purchases of Equity Securities
 
The following table provides information about the Company’s purchases of equity securities registered by the Company pursuant to Section 12 of the Exchange Act during the quarter ended December 31, 2010.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
                                 
            Total Number of
  Approximate Dollar
            Shares Purchased as
  Value of Shares that
            Part of Publicly
  May Yet Be
    Total Number of
  Average Price
  Announced Plans or
  Purchased Under the
Period   Shares Purchased   Paid Per Share(1)   Programs(2)   Plans or Programs(3)
 
October 1, 2010 - October 31, 2010
    5,234,413     $ 31.30       5,234,413     $ 1,337,621,173  
November 1, 2010 - November 30, 2010
    5,283,650     $ 30.97       5,283,650     $ 1,173,967,678  
December 1, 2010 - December 31, 2010
    5,438,481     $ 31.53       5,438,481     $  1,002,467,109  
                                 
Total
    15,956,544     $  31.27       15,956,544          
 
 
(1) The calculation of the average price paid per share does not give effect to any fees, commissions or other costs associated with the repurchase of such shares.
(2) On February 3, 2010, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had authorized up to $3 billion in share repurchases beginning January 1, 2010. On February 2, 2011, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had authorized an increase to $5 billion in share repurchases beginning January 1, 2011, from the approximately $1 billion remaining under the program at December 31, 2010. Purchases under the stock repurchase program may be made, from time to time, on the open market and in privately negotiated transactions. The size and timing of these purchases will be based on a number of factors, including price and business and market conditions. In the past, the Company has repurchased shares of Common Stock pursuant to trading programs under Rule 10b5-1 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and it may repurchase shares of Common Stock under such trading programs in the future.
(3) This amount does not reflect the fees, commissions and other costs associated with the stock repurchase program and does not reflect the new authorization announced in February 2011 for the dollar value of shares that may be purchased under the program described in note 2 above.
 
Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
 
The selected financial information of the Company for the five years ended December 31, 2010 is set forth at page 131 herein and is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
The information set forth under the caption “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition” at pages 39 through 72 herein is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
 
The information set forth under the caption “Market Risk Management” at pages 69 through 71 herein is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
The consolidated financial statements and supplementary data of the Company and the report of independent registered public accounting firm thereon set forth at pages 73 through 127, 133 through 141 and 129 herein, respectively, are incorporated herein by reference.
 
Quarterly Financial Information set forth at page 132 herein is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
 
Not applicable.


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Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
The Company, under the supervision and with the participation of its management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s “disclosure controls and procedures” (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted by the Company under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that information required to be disclosed by the Company is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management to allow timely decisions regarding the required disclosure.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
Management’s report on internal control over financial reporting and the report of independent registered public accounting firm thereon set forth at pages 128 and 130 herein are incorporated herein by reference.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2010 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.
 
Item 9B. Other Information.
 
On February 16, 2011, Time Warner established a new commercial paper program (the “New CP Program”) on a private placement basis under which Time Warner may issue unsecured commercial paper notes (“Notes”) up to a maximum aggregate amount outstanding at any time of $5.0 billion. Concurrently with the effectiveness of the New CP Program, the Company terminated its existing commercial paper program (the “Prior CP Program”). As of February 16, 2011, no amounts were outstanding under the Prior CP Program. The proceeds from the New CP Program may be used for general corporate purposes.
 
The maturities of the Notes will vary, but may not exceed 365 days from the date of issue. The Notes will be sold under customary terms in the commercial paper market and will be issued at a discount from par or, alternatively, will be sold at par and bear varying interest rates on a fixed or floating basis. The Notes will be supported by the unused committed capacity under the Company’s $2.5 billion senior unsecured three-year revolving credit facility that matures on January 19, 2014 and $2.5 billion senior unsecured five-year revolving credit facility that matures on January 19, 2016.
 
The Company’s obligations under the New CP Program are fully, irrevocably and unconditionally guaranteed by Historic TW Inc. (“Historic TW”). In addition, Home Box Office and Turner fully, irrevocably and unconditionally guarantee the obligations of Historic TW under the New CP Program.
 
The Company has entered into commercial paper dealer agreements with several dealers and may enter into commercial paper dealer agreements with additional dealers (collectively, the “Dealer Agreements”). The Dealer Agreements contain customary representations, warranties, covenants and indemnification provisions and provide the terms under which the dealers will either purchase from the Company or arrange for the sale by the Company of Notes pursuant to an exemption from federal and state securities laws. A copy of the form of the Dealer Agreement is filed as Exhibit 10.53 to this report.


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PART III
 
Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14.  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance; Executive Compensation; Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters; Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence; Principal Accounting Fees and Services.
 
Information called for by Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III is incorporated by reference from the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement to be filed in connection with its 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders pursuant to Regulation 14A, except that (i) the information regarding the Company’s executive officers called for by Item 401(b) of Regulation S-K has been included in Part I of this report; and (ii) the information regarding certain Company equity compensation plans called for by Item 201(d) of Regulation S-K is set forth below.
 
The Company has adopted a Code of Ethics for its Senior Executive and Senior Financial Officers. A copy of the Code is publicly available on the Company’s website at www.timewarner.com/corp/corp_governance/governance_conduct.html. Amendments to the Code or any grant of a waiver from a provision of the Code requiring disclosure under applicable SEC rules will also be disclosed on the Company’s website.
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
The following table summarizes information as of December 31, 2010 about the Company’s outstanding equity compensation awards and shares of Common Stock reserved for future issuance under the Company’s equity compensation plans.
 
                         
            Number of Securities
    Number of Securities
  Weighted-Average
  Remaining Available for
    to be Issued Upon
  Exercise
  Future Issuance Under
    Exercise of Outstanding
  Price of Outstanding
  Equity Compensation Plans
    Options, Warrants
  Options, Warrants
  (Excluding Securities
Plan Category
  and Rights(4)   and Rights(4)   Reflected in Column (a))(5)
    (a)   (b)   (c)
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders(1)
    106,454,512     $ 36.56       69,596,821  
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders(2)
    45,327,624     $ 71.13       0  
Total(3)
    151,782,136     $  48.23       69,596,821  
 
 
(1) Equity compensation plans approved by security holders are the (i) Time Warner Inc. 2010 Stock Incentive Plan (will expire on August 15, 2014), (ii) Time Warner Inc. 2006 Stock Incentive Plan (terminated effective September 16, 2010), (iii) Time Warner Inc. 2003 Stock Incentive Plan (expired on May 16, 2008), (iv) Time Warner Inc. 1999 Stock Plan (expired on October 28, 2009) and (v) Time Warner Inc. 1988 Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Unit Plan for Non-Employee Directors (expired on May 19, 2009). The Time Warner Inc. 1999 Stock Plan and the Time Warner Inc. 1988 Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Unit Plan for Non-Employee Directors were approved in 1999 by the stockholders of America Online, Inc. and Historic TW, respectively, and were assumed by the Company in connection with the merger of America Online, Inc. and Time Warner Inc. (now known as Historic TW Inc.), which was approved by the stockholders of both America Online, Inc. and Historic TW on June 23, 2000 (the “AOL-Historic TW Merger”).
(2) The AOL Time Warner Inc. 1994 Stock Option Plan (expired on November 18, 2003) (the “1994 Plan”) is the only equity compensation plan not approved by security holders.
(3) Does not include options to purchase 1,095 shares of Common Stock, at a weighted average exercise price of $71.16, granted under a plan assumed by the Company in connection with an acquisition and under which no additional options may be granted. No dividends or dividend equivalents are paid on the outstanding stock options granted pursuant to the plan.
(4) Column (a) includes 15,834,276 shares of Common Stock underlying outstanding restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and 1,737,620 shares of Common Stock underlying outstanding performance stock units (“PSUs”), assuming a maximum payout of 200% of the target number of PSUs at the end of the applicable performance period. Because there is no exercise price associated with RSUs or PSUs, these stock awards are not included in the weighted-average exercise price calculation presented in column (b).
(5) Of the shares available for future issuance under the Time Warner Inc. 2010 Stock Incentive Plan, a maximum of 27,838,446 shares may be issued in connection with awards of restricted stock, RSUs or PSUs as of December 31, 2010.


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The 1994 Plan was assumed by the Company in connection with the AOL-Historic TW Merger. The 1994 Plan expired on November 18, 2003. Prior to the expiration of the 1994 Plan, nonqualified stock options and related stock appreciation rights could be granted under the plan to employees (other than executive officers) of and consultants and advisors to the Company and certain of its subsidiaries. Only stock options are currently outstanding under the 1994 Plan. Under the 1994 Plan, the exercise price of a stock option may not be less than the fair market value of the Common Stock on the date of grant. The definition of “fair market value” was amended effective October 1, 2008 to mean the closing sale price of shares of Common Stock as reported on the NYSE Composite Tape (rather than the average of the high and low sales prices of the Common Stock on the NYSE) for grants made on or after October 1, 2008. The change did not affect the exercise price of outstanding stock options under the 1994 Plan, but the new definition is used to calculate the gain realized upon the exercise of stock options issued under the plan. The outstanding stock options under the 1994 Plan generally became exercisable in installments of one-third or one-quarter on each of the first three or four anniversaries, respectively, of the date of grant, subject to earlier vesting upon termination of employment due to death, disability or retirement, and expire 10 years from the grant date. Holders of stock options awarded under the 1994 Plan do not receive dividends or dividend equivalents on the stock options.
 
PART IV
 
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedules.
 
(a)(1)-(2) Financial Statements and Schedules:
 
(i) The list of consolidated financial statements and schedules set forth in the accompanying Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Other Financial Information at page 38 herein is incorporated herein by reference. Such consolidated financial statements and schedules are filed as part of this report.
 
(ii) All other financial statement schedules are omitted because the required information is not applicable, or because the information required is included in the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto.
 
(3) Exhibits:
 
The exhibits listed on the accompanying Exhibit Index are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this report and such Exhibit Index is incorporated herein by reference.


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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
TIME WARNER INC.
 
  By: 
/s/  John K. Martin, Jr.
Name:     John K. Martin, Jr.
  Title:  Executive Vice President,
Chief Financial and Administrative Officer
 
Date: February 18, 2011
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
             
Signature
 
Title
 
Date
 
         
/s/  Jeffrey L. Bewkes

Jeffrey L. Bewkes
  Director, Chairman of the Board
and Chief Executive Officer
(principal executive officer)
  February 18, 2011
         
/s/  John K. Martin, Jr.

John K. Martin, Jr.
  Executive Vice President, Chief
Financial and Administrative Officer
(principal financial officer)
  February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Pascal Desroches

Pascal Desroches
  Senior Vice President and Controller (principal accounting officer)   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  James L. Barksdale

James L. Barksdale
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  William P. Barr

William P. Barr
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Stephen F. Bollenbach

Stephen F. Bollenbach
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Frank J. Caufield

Frank J. Caufield
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Robert C. Clark

Robert C. Clark
  Director   February 18, 2011


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Signature
 
Title
 
Date
 
         
/s/  Mathias Döpfner

Mathias Döpfner
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Jessica P. Einhorn

Jessica P. Einhorn
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Fred Hassan

Fred Hassan
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Michael A. Miles

Michael A. Miles
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Kenneth J. Novack

Kenneth J. Novack
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Paul D. Wachter

Paul D. Wachter
  Director   February 18, 2011
         
/s/  Deborah C. Wright

Deborah C. Wright
  Director   February 18, 2011


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TIME WARNER INC.
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
AND OTHER FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
         
    Page
 
    39  
Consolidated Financial Statements:
       
    73  
    74  
    75  
    76  
    77  
    128  
    129  
    131  
    132  
    133  
    142  


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION
 
INTRODUCTION
 
Management’s discussion and analysis of results of operations and financial condition (“MD&A”) is a supplement to the accompanying consolidated financial statements and provides additional information on Time Warner Inc.’s (“Time Warner” or the “Company”) businesses, current developments, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations. MD&A is organized as follows:
 
  •     Overview.  This section provides a general description of Time Warner’s business segments, as well as recent developments the Company believes are important in understanding the results of operations and financial condition or in understanding anticipated future trends.
 
  •     Results of operations.  This section provides an analysis of the Company’s results of operations for the three years ended December 31, 2010. This analysis is presented on both a consolidated and a business segment basis. In addition, a brief description is provided of significant transactions and events that affect the comparability of the results being analyzed.
 
  •     Financial condition and liquidity.  This section provides an analysis of the Company’s cash flows for the three years ended December 31, 2010, as well as a discussion of the Company’s outstanding debt and commitments that existed as of December 31, 2010. Included in the analysis of outstanding debt is a discussion of the amount of financial capacity available to fund the Company’s future commitments, as well as a discussion of other financing arrangements.
 
  •     Market risk management.  This section discusses how the Company monitors and manages exposure to potential gains and losses arising from changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and changes in the market value of financial instruments.
 
  •     Critical accounting policies.  This section identifies those accounting policies that are considered important to the Company’s results of operations and financial condition, require significant judgment and require estimates on the part of management in application. The Company’s significant accounting policies, including those considered to be critical accounting policies, are summarized in Note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
  •     Caution concerning forward-looking statements.  This section provides a description of the use of forward-looking information appearing herein. Such information is based on management’s current expectations about future events, which are inherently susceptible to uncertainty and changes in circumstances. Refer to Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” in Part I of this report for a discussion of the risk factors applicable to the Company.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
OVERVIEW
 
Time Warner is a leading media and entertainment company whose major businesses encompass an array of the most respected and successful media brands. Among the Company’s brands are TNT, TBS, CNN, HBO, Cinemax, Warner Bros., New Line Cinema, People, Sports Illustrated and Time. During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company generated revenues of $26.888 billion (up 6% from $25.388 billion in 2009), Operating Income of $5.428 billion (up 21% from $4.470 billion in 2009), Net Income attributable to Time Warner shareholders of $2.578 billion (up 4% from $2.477 billion in 2009) and Cash Provided by Operations from Continuing Operations of $3.314 billion (down 2% from $3.386 billion in 2009).
 
Time Warner Businesses
 
Time Warner classifies its operations into three reportable segments: Networks, Filmed Entertainment and Publishing. For additional information regarding Time Warner’s business segments, refer to Part 1. Item 1, “Business,” and Note 15, “Segment Information,” in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Networks.  Time Warner’s Networks segment consists of Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (“Turner”) and Home Box Office, Inc. (“Home Box Office”). During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Networks segment generated revenues of $12.480 billion (46% of the Company’s overall revenues) and $4.224 billion in Operating Income.
 
Turner operates domestic and international networks, including such recognized brands as TNT, TBS, and CNN, which are among the leaders in advertising-supported cable television networks. The Turner networks generate revenues principally from providing programming to affiliates that have contracted to receive and distribute this programming and from the sale of advertising. Turner also operates various websites, including CNN.com, NASCAR.com and CartoonNetwork.com that generate revenues principally from the sale of advertising. During 2010, Turner’s Advertising revenue increased reflecting the benefit of an improved advertising environment domestically and internationally as well as yield management, partially offset by the impact of lower audience delivery at Turner’s domestic news networks.
 
Home Box Office operates the HBO and Cinemax multi-channel premium pay television services, with the HBO service ranking as the nation’s most widely distributed premium pay television service. Home Box Office generates revenues principally from providing programming to affiliates that have contracted to receive and distribute such programming to their customers who choose to subscribe to the HBO or Cinemax services. An additional source of revenues for Home Box Office is the sale and licensing of its original programming, including True Blood, Entourage and The Pacific.
 
The Company’s Networks segment has been pursuing international expansion in select areas. For example, during 2010, Home Box Office purchased an additional 21% equity interest in HBO Latin America Group, consisting of HBO Brasil, HBO Olé and HBO Latin America Production Services (collectively, “HBO LAG”), and acquired the remainder of its partners’ interests in HBO Central Europe (“HBO CE”), and Turner acquired Chilevisión, a television broadcaster in Chile, and a majority ownership interest in NDTV Imagine, a Hindi general entertainment channel in India. In addition, Home Box Office is expected to acquire an additional 8% equity interest in HBO LAG in the first quarter of 2011. The Company anticipates that international expansion will continue to be an area of focus at the Networks segment for the foreseeable future.
 
Filmed Entertainment.  Time Warner’s Filmed Entertainment segment consists of businesses managed by the Warner Bros. Entertainment Group (“Warner Bros.”) that principally produce and distribute theatrical motion pictures, including Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1, Inception and Clash of the Titans, as well as television shows and videogames. During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Filmed Entertainment segment generated revenues of $11.622 billion (40% of the Company’s overall revenues) and $1.107 billion in Operating Income.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
The Filmed Entertainment segment’s theatrical product revenues principally are generated domestically and internationally through rentals from theatrical exhibition and subsequently through licensing fees received for the distribution of films on television networks and pay television programming services. Television product revenues principally are generated domestically and internationally from the licensing of the Filmed Entertainment segment’s programs on television networks and pay television programming services. The Filmed Entertainment segment also generates revenues for both its theatrical and television product through home video distribution on DVD and Blu-ray Discs and in various digital formats. The Filmed Entertainment segment also generates revenues through the distribution of interactive videogames.
 
Warner Bros. continues to be an industry leader in the television content business. At the beginning of the 2010-2011 broadcast season, Warner Bros. produced more than 30 scripted primetime series, with at least two series for each of the five broadcast networks (including Two and a Half Men, The Mentalist, The Big Bang Theory, Mike & Molly, Gossip Girl, Fringe, The Middle and Chuck) and original series for several cable networks (including The Closer, Rizzoli & Isles and Pretty Little Liars). Internationally, Warner Bros. is forming a group of local television production companies in major territories with a focus on non-scripted programs and formats that can be sold internationally and adapted for sale in the U.S. Warner Bros. is also creating locally produced versions of programs owned by the studio and is developing original local television programming. As part of its international expansion efforts, during the fourth quarter of 2010, Warner Bros. acquired a controlling interest in Shed Media plc (“Shed Media”), a leading television production company in the U.K.
 
The distribution of DVDs has been one of the largest drivers of the segment’s revenues and profits over the last several years. The industry and the Company have experienced a decline in DVD sales in recent years as a result of several factors, including the general economic downturn in the U.S. and many regions around the world, increasing competition for consumer discretionary time and spending, piracy, and the maturation of the standard definition DVD format. The decline in home video revenues has also been affected by consumers shifting to subscription rental services and discount rental kiosks, which generate significantly less revenue per transaction for the Company than DVD sales. Partially offsetting the softening consumer demand for standard definition DVDs and the shift to subscription services and kiosks are growing sales of high definition Blu-ray Discs and increased sales through electronic delivery (particularly video-on-demand), which have higher gross margins than standard definition DVDs.
 
Publishing.  Time Warner’s Publishing segment consists principally of magazine publishing and related websites as well as marketing services and direct-marketing businesses that are all primarily conducted by Time Inc. During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Publishing segment generated revenues of $3.675 billion (14% of the Company’s overall revenues) and $515 million in Operating Income.
 
As of December 31, 2010, Time Inc. published 22 magazines in the U.S., including People, Sports Illustrated and Time, and over 70 magazines outside the U.S. The Publishing segment generates revenues primarily from the sale of print advertising, magazine subscriptions and newsstand sales. Advertising sales at the Publishing segment, particularly print advertising sales, were significantly adversely affected by the economic environment during 2009. In contrast, during 2010, the Publishing segment’s Advertising revenues stabilized driven by increases in domestic print advertising pages sold, partially offset by lower average advertising rates per page, and increases in digital advertising. For the year ended December 31, 2010, digital Advertising revenues were 13% of Time Inc.’s total Advertising revenues.
 
In July 2010, Time Inc. and Turner announced the formation of a strategic digital partnership between Turner Sports and Sports Illustrated. The partnership combines Sports Illustrated’s and Golf’s content with Turner’s digital media and sales expertise. Under the agreement, beginning in the fourth quarter of 2010, Turner began managing the SI.com and Golf.com websites, including selling all advertising for the websites. Accordingly, effective with the change, Turner receives all advertising revenues generated from the websites and Time Inc. receives a license fee from Turner and reimbursement for certain website editorial and other costs.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
In its ongoing effort to improve efficiency and reduce its cost structure, the Publishing segment executed restructuring initiatives, primarily relating to headcount reductions, in the fourth quarters of 2010 and 2009. For the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, restructuring costs were $61 million and $99 million, respectively.
 
Recent Developments
 
Revolving Bank Credit Facilities
 
On January 19, 2011, the Company entered into two new senior unsecured revolving bank credit facilities totaling $5.0 billion, which replaced the Company’s senior unsecured revolving bank credit facility that would have expired in February 2011. See “Financial Condition and Liquidity — Outstanding Debt and Other Financing Arrangements” for more information.
 
2010 Debt Transactions
 
As discussed more fully in “Financial Condition and Liquidity — Outstanding Debt and Other Financing Arrangements,” in 2010, the Company entered into a series of transactions to capitalize on the historically low interest rate environment and extend the average maturity of its public debt. Specifically, Time Warner issued $5.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 5, 10, and 30-year debt securities in two public offerings and used the net proceeds from the debt offerings to repurchase and redeem approximately $3.930 billion aggregate principal amount of debt securities of Time Warner and Historic TW Inc. (“Historic TW”) that were scheduled to mature within the next three years (collectively, the “2010 Debt Redemptions”) and to repay $805 million outstanding under the Company’s two accounts receivable securitization facilities. For the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company incurred $364 million of premiums paid and transaction costs incurred in connection with the 2010 Debt Redemptions.
 
Shed Media
 
On October 13, 2010, Warner Bros. acquired an approximate 55% interest in Shed Media, a leading television production company in the U.K., for $100 million in cash, net of cash acquired. Warner Bros. has a call right that enables it to purchase a portion of the interests held by the other owners of Shed Media in 2014 and the remaining interests held by the other owners in 2018. The other owners have a reciprocal put right that enables them to require Warner Bros. to purchase a portion of their interests in Shed Media in 2014 and the remaining interests held by them in 2018. See Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Chilevisión
 
On October 6, 2010, Turner acquired Chilevisión, a television broadcaster in Chile, for $134 million in cash, net of cash acquired. See Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
HBO LAG
 
On March 9, 2010, Home Box Office purchased additional interests in HBO LAG for $217 million in cash, which resulted in Home Box Office owning 80% of the equity interests of HBO LAG. On November 18, 2010, one of the remaining partners in HBO LAG exercised its put option to sell its remaining 8% equity interest in HBO LAG for approximately $65 million in cash. The transaction is expected to close in the first quarter of 2011 and will result in Home Box Office owning 88% of the equity interests of HBO LAG. Home Box Office accounts for this investment under the equity method of accounting. See Notes 1 and 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
HBO Central Europe Acquisition
 
On January 27, 2010, Home Box Office purchased the remainder of its partners’ interests in HBO CE for $136 million in cash, net of cash acquired. HBO CE operates the HBO and Cinemax premium pay television services serving 11 territories in Central Europe. The Company has consolidated the results of operations and financial condition of HBO CE effective January 27, 2010. Upon the acquisition of the controlling interest in HBO CE, a gain of $59 million was recognized reflecting the excess of the fair value over the Company’s carrying cost of its original investment in HBO CE. See Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Common Stock Repurchase Program
 
On January 25, 2011, Time Warner’s Board of Directors authorized up to $5.0 billion of share repurchases beginning January 1, 2011. See “Financial Condition and Liquidity” for more information.
 
Retirement Plan Amendments
 
In March 2010, the Company’s Board of Directors approved amendments to its domestic defined benefit pension plans. Pursuant to the amendments, (i) effective June 30, 2010, benefits provided under the plans stopped accruing for additional years of service and the plans were closed to new hires and employees with less than one year of service and (ii) after December 31, 2013, pay increases will no longer be taken into consideration when determining a participating employee’s benefits under the plans.
 
Effective July 1, 2010, the Company increased its matching contributions for eligible participants in the Company’s domestic defined contribution plan (“Time Warner Savings Plan”). Effective January 1, 2011, the Company has implemented a supplemental savings plan that provides for similar Company matching for eligible participant deferrals above the Internal Revenue Service compensation limits that apply to the Time Warner Savings Plan up to $500,000 of eligible compensation.
 
In December 2010, amendments to the U.K. defined benefit pension plans were approved. Pursuant to the amendments, beginning in April 2011, benefits provided under the plans will stop accruing for additional years of service. Pay increases will continue to be taken into consideration when determining a participating employee’s benefits under the plans. In addition, matching contributions under a defined contribution plan will be provided to eligible U.K. employees.
 
See Note 13, “Benefit Plans,” to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
NCAA Basketball Programming Agreement
 
On April 22, 2010, Turner, together with CBS Broadcasting, Inc. (“CBS”), entered into a 14-year agreement with The National Collegiate Athletic Association (the “NCAA”), which provides Turner and CBS with exclusive television, Internet, and wireless rights to the NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Championship events (the “NCAA Tournament Games”) in the United States and its territories and possessions. Under the terms of the arrangement, Turner and CBS will work together to produce and distribute the NCAA Tournament Games and related programming commencing in 2011. The games will be televised on Turner’s TNT, TBS and truTV networks and on the CBS network, and advertising is sold on a joint basis.
 
The aggregate programming rights fee of approximately $10.8 billion, which will be shared by Turner and CBS, will be paid by Turner to the NCAA over the 14-year term of the agreement. Further, Turner and CBS have agreed to share advertising and sponsorship revenues and production costs. In the event, however, that the programming rights fee and production costs exceed advertising and sponsorship revenues, CBS’s share of such shortfall is limited to specified annual amounts (the “Loss Cap Amounts”), ranging from approximately $90 million to $30 million (totaling approximately $670 million over the term of the agreement). Beginning in 2011, consistent with the Company’s other sports programming rights, Turner’s share of the programming rights fee will be


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
amortized based on the ratio of current period advertising revenue to total estimated advertising revenue over the term of the agreement. Any costs recognized and payable by Turner due to the Loss Cap Amounts will be expensed by the Company as incurred.
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Recent Accounting Guidance
 
As discussed more fully in Note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements, on January 1, 2010, the Company adopted on a retrospective basis amendments to accounting guidance pertaining to the accounting for transfers of financial assets and variable interest entities.
 
Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability
 
As more fully described herein and in the related notes to the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the comparability of Time Warner’s results from continuing operations has been affected by significant transactions and certain other items in each period as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Amounts related to securities litigation and government investigations, net
  $ (22 )   $ (30 )   $ (21 )
Asset impairments
    (20 )     (85 )     (7,213 )
Gain (loss) on operating assets
    70       (33 )     (3 )
                         
Impact on Operating Income
    28       (148 )     (7,237 )
Investment gains (losses), net
    32       (21 )     (60 )
Amounts related to the separation of Time Warner Cable Inc. 
    (6 )     14       (11 )
Costs related to the separation of AOL Inc. 
          (15 )      
Premiums paid and transaction costs incurred in connection with debt redemptions
    (364 )            
Share of equity investment gain on disposal of assets
                30  
                         
Pretax impact
    (310 )     (170 )     (7,278 )
Income tax impact of above items
    131       37       488  
Tax items related to Time Warner Cable Inc. 
          24       (9 )
                         
After-tax impact
    (179 )     (109 )     (6,799 )
Noncontrolling interest impact
          5        
                         
Impact of items on income from continuing operations attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders
  $  (179 )   $  (104 )   $  (6,799 )
                         
 
In addition to the items affecting comparability described above, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $97 million, $212 million and $327 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company also recognized a $58 million reserve reversal in connection with the resolution of litigation relating to the sale of the Atlanta Hawks and Thrashers sports franchises and certain operating rights to the Philips Arena (the “Winter Sports Teams”). For further discussion of restructuring costs and the $58 million reserve reversal, refer to “Consolidated Results” and “Business Segment Results.”
 
Amounts Related to Securities Litigation
 
The Company recognized legal and other professional fees related to the defense of securities litigation matters by former employees totaling $22 million, $30 million and $21 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Asset Impairments
 
During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company recorded noncash impairments of $9 million at the Filmed Entertainment segment related to the termination of a games licensing relationship and $11 million at the Publishing segment related to certain intangible assets.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recorded noncash impairments of $52 million at the Networks segment related to Turner’s interest in a general entertainment network in India and $33 million at the Publishing segment related to certain fixed assets in connection with the Publishing segment’s restructuring activities.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recorded noncash impairments related to goodwill and identifiable intangible assets of $7.139 billion at the Publishing segment. The Company also recorded noncash impairments of $18 million at the Networks segment related to GameTap, an online video game business, and $30 million at the Publishing segment related to a sub-lease with a tenant that filed for bankruptcy in September 2008, $21 million at the Publishing segment related to Southern Living At Home and $5 million at the Publishing segment related to certain other asset write-offs.
 
Gain (Loss) on Operating Assets
 
For the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company recognized a $59 million gain at the Networks segment upon the acquisition of its controlling interest in HBO CE, reflecting the recognition of the excess of the fair value over the Company’s carrying costs of its original investment in HBO CE. For the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company also recorded noncash income of $11 million at the Filmed Entertainment segment related to a fair value adjustment on certain contingent consideration arrangements relating to acquisitions.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recognized a $33 million loss at the Filmed Entertainment segment on the sale of Warner Bros.’ Italian cinema assets.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recorded a $3 million loss at the Networks segment on the sale of GameTap.
 
Investment Gains (Losses), Net
 
For the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company recognized net investment gains of $32 million, including $13 million of miscellaneous investment gains, net, and noncash income of $19 million related to fair value adjustments on certain options to redeem securities.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recognized net investment losses of $21 million, including a $23 million impairment of the Company’s investment in Miditech Pvt. Limited, a programming production company in India, and $43 million of other miscellaneous investment losses, net, partially offset by a $28 million gain on the sale of the Company’s investment in TiVo Inc. and a $17 million gain on the sale of the Company’s investment in Eidos plc. (“Eidos”).
 
For the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recognized net investment losses of $60 million, including a $38 million impairment of the Company’s investment in Eidos, $12 million of other miscellaneous investment losses, net and $10 million of losses resulting from market fluctuations in equity derivative instruments.
 
Amounts Related to the Separation of TWC
 
For the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company recognized $6 million of other loss related to the expiration, exercise and net change in the estimated fair value of Time Warner equity awards held by Time Warner Cable Inc. (“TWC”) employees.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recognized $20 million of other income related to the increase in the estimated fair value of Time Warner equity awards held by TWC employees. In addition, the Company incurred pretax direct transaction costs, primarily legal and professional fees, related to the separation of TWC of $6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 and $11 million for the year ended December 31, 2008.
 
The aforementioned costs have been reflected in other income (loss), net in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations.
 
Costs Related to the Separation of AOL
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company incurred $15 million of costs related to the separation of AOL Inc. (“AOL”), which have been recorded in other income (loss), net in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. These costs were related to the solicitation of consents from debt holders to amend the indentures governing certain of the Company’s debt securities.
 
Premiums Paid and Transaction Costs Incurred in Connection with Debt Redemptions
 
For the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company recognized $364 million of premiums paid and transaction costs incurred in connection with the 2010 Debt Redemptions, which were recorded in other income (loss), net in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. See “Financial Condition and Liquidity — Outstanding Debt and Other Financing Arrangements” for more information.
 
Share of Equity Investment Gain on Disposal of Assets
 
For the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recognized $30 million as its share of a pretax gain on the sale of a Central European documentary channel of an equity method investee, which has been reflected in other income (loss), net in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations.
 
Income Tax Impact and Tax Items Related to TWC
 
The income tax impact reflects the estimated tax provision or tax benefit associated with each item affecting comparability. Such estimated tax provisions or tax benefits vary based on certain factors, including the taxability or deductibility of the items and foreign tax on certain transactions. For the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company also recognized approximately $24 million of tax benefits and $9 million of tax expense, respectively, attributable to the impact of certain state tax law changes on TWC net deferred liabilities.
 
Noncontrolling Interest Impact
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, the noncontrolling interest impact of $5 million reflects the minority owners’ share of the tax provision related to changes in certain state tax laws on TWC net deferred liabilities.
 
2010 vs. 2009
 
Consolidated Results
 
The following discussion provides an analysis of the Company’s results of operations and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated statement of operations.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Revenues.  The components of revenues are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     % Change  
 
Subscription
  $ 9,028     $ 8,445       7 %
Advertising
    5,682       5,161       10 %
Content
    11,565       11,074       4 %
Other
    613       708       (13 %)
                         
Total revenues
  $  26,888     $  25,388       6 %
                         
 
The increase in Subscription revenues for the year ended December 31, 2010 was primarily related to an increase at the Networks segment. Advertising revenues increased for the year ended December 31, 2010 primarily reflecting growth at the Networks and Publishing segments. The increase in Content revenues for the year ended December 31, 2010 was due primarily to increases at the Filmed Entertainment and Networks segments.
 
Each of the revenue categories is discussed in greater detail by segment in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Costs of Revenues.  For the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, costs of revenues totaled $15.023 billion and $14.235 billion, respectively, and, as a percentage of revenues, were 56% for both years. The segment variations are discussed in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.  For the year ended December 31, 2010, selling, general and administrative expenses increased 1% to $6.126 billion from $6.073 billion in 2009, primarily due to an increase at the Networks segment, partially offset by a decrease at the Publishing segment. In addition, selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2010 included a $58 million reserve reversal at the Networks segment in connection with the resolution of litigation relating to the Winter Sports Teams. The segment variations are discussed in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Included in costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses is depreciation expense, which increased to $674 million in 2010 from $668 million in 2009.
 
Amortization Expense.  Amortization expense decreased to $264 million in 2010 from $280 million in 2009.
 
Restructuring Costs.  For the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $97 million primarily related to various employee terminations and other exit activities, consisting of $6 million at the Networks segment, $30 million at the Filmed Entertainment segment and $61 million at the Publishing segment. The total number of employees terminated across the segments in 2010 was approximately 500.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $212 million primarily related to various employee terminations and other exit activities, including $8 million at the Networks segment, $105 million at the Filmed Entertainment segment and $99 million at the Publishing segment. The total number of employees terminated across the segments in 2009 was approximately 1,500.
 
Operating Income.  Operating Income increased to $5.428 billion for the year ended December 31, 2010 from $4.470 billion for the year ended December 31, 2009. Excluding the items previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability” totaling $28 million of income and $148 million of expense for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, Operating Income increased $782 million, primarily reflecting increases at the Networks and Publishing segments. The segment variations are discussed under “Business Segment Results.”
 
Interest Expense, Net.  For the year ended December 31, 2010, interest expense, net, increased to $1.178 billion from $1.166 billion for the year ended December 31, 2009 primarily due to the absence in 2010 of a prior year $43 million benefit in connection with the resolution of an international VAT matter and higher net debt, partially offset by lower rates.


47


Table of Contents

 
TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Other Income (Loss), Net.  Other income (loss), net detail is shown in the table below (millions):
 
                 
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009  
 
Investment gains (losses), net
  $ 32     $ (21 )
Amounts related to the separation of TWC
    (6 )     14  
Costs related to the separation of AOL
          (15 )
Premiums paid and transaction costs incurred in connection with debt redemptions
    (364 )      
Income (loss) from equity method investees
    6       (32 )
Other
    1       (13 )
                 
Other income (loss), net
  $  (331 )   $  (67 )
                 
 
The changes in other income (loss), net related to investment gains (losses), net, amounts related to the separation of TWC, costs related to the separation of AOL and premiums paid and transaction costs incurred in connection with debt redemptions are discussed under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability.” The remaining changes reflect income from equity method investees and the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates.
 
Income Tax Provision.  Income tax expense from continuing operations increased to $1.348 billion in 2010 from $1.153 billion in 2009. The Company’s effective tax rate for continuing operations was 34% in 2010 compared to 36% in 2009. This decrease was primarily due to the benefit of valuation allowance releases on tax attributes and higher domestic production deductions.
 
Income from Continuing Operations.  Income from continuing operations increased to $2.571 billion in 2010 from $2.084 billion in 2009. Excluding the items previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability” totaling $179 million and $109 million of expense, net for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, income from continuing operations increased by $557 million, primarily reflecting higher Operating Income, partially offset by higher income tax expense. Basic and diluted income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders were $2.27 and $2.25, respectively, in 2010 compared to $1.76 and $1.75, respectively, in 2009.
 
Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax.  The financial results for the year ended December 31, 2009 included the impact of treating the results of operations and financial condition of AOL and TWC as discontinued operations. Discontinued operations, net of tax was income of $428 million and included AOL’s results for the period January 1, 2009 through December 9, 2009 and TWC’s results for the period from January 1, 2009 through March 12, 2009. For additional information, see Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests.  For the year ended December 31, 2010, net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests was $7 million, and for the year ended December 31, 2009, net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was $35 million.
 
Net Income Attributable to Time Warner Inc. Shareholders.  Net income attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders was $2.578 billion and $2.477 billion for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Basic and diluted net income per common share attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders were $2.27 and $2.25, respectively, in 2010 compared to $2.08 and $2.07, respectively, in 2009.


48


Table of Contents

 
TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Business Segment Results
 
Networks.  Revenues and Operating Income of the Networks segment for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 7,671     $ 7,077       8%  
Advertising
    3,736       3,272       14%  
Content
    942       819       15%  
Other
    131       85       54%  
                         
Total revenues
     12,480        11,253       11%  
Costs of revenues(a)
    (5,732 )      (5,349 )     7%  
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (2,200 )     (2,002 )     10%  
Gain on operating assets
    59             NM  
Asset impairments
          (52 )     (100% )
Restructuring costs
    (6 )     (8 )     (25% )
Depreciation
    (342 )     (338 )     1%  
Amortization
    (35 )     (34 )     3%  
                         
Operating Income
  $ 4,224     $ 3,470       22%  
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.
 
The increase in Subscription revenues consisted of an increase in domestic subscription revenues of $406 million, mainly due to higher domestic subscription rates, and an increase in international subscription revenues of $188 million, primarily due to the consolidation of HBO CE, international growth and, to a lesser extent, the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates. Home Box Office’s domestic subscribers declined by 1.6 million during 2010; however, as these subscribers generated very little or no revenue, the decline had almost no impact on Subscription revenues.
 
The increase in Advertising revenues reflected domestic growth of $248 million at Turner mainly as a result of strong domestic demand as well as yield management, which was partially offset by the impact of lower audience delivery at Turner’s domestic news networks. Advertising revenues also increased $216 million due to international expansion and growth.
 
The increase in Content revenues was due primarily to higher sales of Home Box Office’s original programming of $104 million, which included licensing and home video sales of The Pacific and the domestic basic cable television sale of Entourage, and higher international licensing revenues at Turner, partially offset by a decrease of approximately $20 million due to a larger benefit in 2009 associated with lower than anticipated home video returns.
 
Costs of revenues increased 7% and, as a percentage of revenues, were 46% in 2010 compared to 48% in 2009. Programming costs increased 5% to $4.485 billion in 2010 from $4.258 billion in 2009, primarily due to higher original programming and sports programming costs and increased programming costs due to international growth and expansion, partially offset by a prior year $104 million write-down to net realizable value relating to a program licensed by Turner from Warner Bros. that the Company re-licensed to a third party. The increases in Costs of revenues also reflected higher operating costs of $156 million primarily related to international expansion.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased due primarily to higher marketing expenses, increased costs associated with acquisitions and merit-based increases in compensation, partially offset by a $58 million reserve reversal in connection with the resolution of litigation relating to the sale of the Winter Sports Teams.


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Table of Contents

 
TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2010 results included a $59 million gain that was recognized upon the acquisition of the controlling interest in HBO CE, reflecting the excess of the fair value over the Company’s carrying costs of its original investment in HBO CE. The 2009 results included a $52 million noncash impairment of intangible assets related to Turner’s interest in a general entertainment network in India. In addition, the 2010 and 2009 results included $6 million and $8 million, respectively, of restructuring costs, primarily related to headcount reductions.
 
Operating Income increased primarily due to the increase in revenues, the $59 million gain relating to HBO CE, the $58 million reserve reversal in connection with the resolution of litigation related to the sale of the Winter Sports Teams and the absence in 2010 of the $52 million noncash impairment of intangible assets, partially offset by higher costs of revenues and higher selling, general and administrative expenses.
 
The Company anticipates that Operating Income growth at the Networks segment for the first quarter of 2011 will be negatively affected by increased programming costs associated with Turner’s investment in the NCAA Tournament Games programming.
 
Filmed Entertainment.  Revenues and Operating Income of the Filmed Entertainment segment for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 66     $ 44       50 %
Advertising
    75       79       (5 %)
Content
    11,359       10,766       6 %
Other
    122       177       (31 %)
                         
Total revenues
     11,622        11,066       5 %
Costs of revenues(a)
    (8,429 )     (7,805 )     8 %
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (1,684 )     (1,676 )      
Gain (loss) on operating assets
    11       (33 )     (133 %)
Asset impairments
    (9 )           N M
Restructuring costs
    (30 )     (105 )     (71 %)
Depreciation
    (186 )     (164 )     13 %
Amortization
    (188 )     (199 )     (6 %)
                         
Operating Income
  $ 1,107     $ 1,084       2 %
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.


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Table of Contents

 
TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
Content revenues primarily relate to theatrical product (which is content made available for initial exhibition in theaters) and television product (which is content made available for initial airing on television). The components of Content revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     % Change  
 
Theatrical product:
                       
Theatrical film
  $ 2,249     $ 2,085       8 %
Home video and electronic delivery
    2,707       2,820       (4 %)
Television licensing
    1,605       1,459       10 %
Consumer products and other
    125       129       (3 %)
                         
Total theatrical product
    6,686       6,493       3 %
Television product:
                       
Television licensing
    2,987       2,506       19 %
Home video and electronic delivery
    790       777       2 %
Consumer products and other
    216       214       1 %
                         
Total television product
    3,993       3,497       14 %
Other
    680       776       (12 %)
                         
Total Content revenues
  $  11,359     $  10,766       6 %
                         
 
For the year ended December 31, 2010, Content revenues included the positive impact of foreign exchange rates on many of the segment’s international operations.
 
Theatrical film revenues in 2010, which included revenues from Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part I, Inception, Clash of the Titans, Sex and the City 2, Valentine’s Day and Due Date, increased compared to revenues in 2009, which included revenues from Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover, The Blind Side, Sherlock Holmes and Terminator Salvation.
 
Theatrical product revenues from home video and electronic delivery decreased due primarily to lower home video catalog sales due in part to the effect of improved home video catalog returns in the second quarter of 2009, partially offset by an increased quantity of new releases in 2010. Significant titles in 2010 included The Blind Side, Inception, Sherlock Holmes, Clash of the Titans and Sex and the City 2, while 2009 included Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover and Gran Torino.
 
Theatrical product revenues from television licensing increased due primarily to the quantity and mix of availabilities. In 2010, theatrical product revenues from television licensing included worldwide television availabilities for Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.
 
The increase in television product licensing fees for the year ended December 31, 2010 was due primarily to the off-network availabilities of Two and a Half Men, The New Adventures of Old Christine and The Closer, increased revenues from new series and revenues from Shed Media, which was acquired in October 2010.
 
Television product revenues from home video and electronic delivery were essentially flat due to the timing and mix of product.
 
Other content revenues in 2010, which included revenues from the interactive videogame release of LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4, decreased compared to 2009, which included revenues from the interactive videogame release of Batman: Arkham Asylum, LEGO Indiana Jones 2: The Adventure Continues, F.E.A.R. 2: Project Origin and LEGO Rock Band.
 
The increase in costs of revenues resulted primarily from higher film costs due mainly to higher television product costs and higher advertising and print costs due mainly to the quantity and mix of films released, including a


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
higher number of international releases. Film costs increased to $5.194 billion in 2010 from $4.789 billion in 2009. Included in film costs are net theatrical film valuation adjustments, which were $78 million in 2010 compared to $85 million in 2009. In 2009, the Company also recognized a net benefit of $50 million related to adjustments to correct prior period participation accruals. Costs of revenues as a percentage of revenues were 73% in 2010 compared to 71% in 2009. This percentage varies from period to period based on the quantity, mix and timing of theatrical releases and television availabilities.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses were essentially flat as increased costs associated with acquisitions and merit-based increases in compensation were largely offset by lower bad debt expenses.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2010 results included an $11 million noncash gain related to a fair value adjustment on certain contingent consideration arrangements relating to acquisitions and a $9 million noncash impairment of intangible assets related to the termination of a games licensing relationship. The 2009 results included a $33 million loss on the sale of Warner Bros.’ Italian cinema assets. In addition, the results for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 included $30 million and $105 million of restructuring costs, respectively, primarily related to headcount reductions and the outsourcing of certain functions.
 
The increase in Operating Income was primarily due to higher revenues, lower restructuring costs and the absence in 2010 of the $33 million loss on the 2009 sale of Warner Bros.’ Italian cinema assets, partially offset by higher costs of revenues, the 2009 net benefit of $50 million related to adjustments to correct prior period participation accruals, the impact of improved home video catalog returns in 2009 of approximately $30 million, and the absence in 2010 of a $26 million benefit in connection with the resolution of an international VAT matter in 2009.
 
The Company anticipates that Operating Income at the Filmed Entertainment segment for the first quarter of 2011 will decline as compared to Operating Income in the first quarter of 2010 due to the timing of theatrical and home video releases.
 
Publishing.  Revenues and Operating Income of the Publishing segment for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 1,291     $ 1,324       (2 %)
Advertising
    1,935       1,878       3 %
Content
    68       73       (7 %)
Other
    381       461       (17 %)
                         
Total revenues
    3,675       3,736       (2 %)
Costs of revenues(a)
    (1,359 )     (1,441 )     (6 %)
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (1,580 )     (1,744 )     (9 %)
Asset impairments
    (11 )     (33 )     (67 %)
Restructuring costs
    (61 )     (99 )     (38 %)
Depreciation
    (108 )     (126 )     (14 %)
Amortization
    (41 )     (47 )     (13 %)
                         
Operating Income
  $ 515     $ 246       109 %
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.
 
Subscription revenues decreased primarily due to a $23 million decline in domestic subscription revenues and lower domestic newsstand revenues of $9 million.


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Table of Contents

 
TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Advertising revenues increased primarily due to a $28 million increase in domestic print advertising revenues due to improvements in domestic print advertising pages sold, partially offset by lower average advertising rates per page, and a $32 million increase in digital advertising revenues. Growth in digital advertising revenues at the Publishing segment was negatively affected by the transfer of management to Turner in the fourth quarter of 2010 of the SI.com and Golf.com websites, including selling the advertising for the websites. This transfer had a commensurate increase in digital advertising revenues at the Networks segment.
 
The decrease in Other revenues is due primarily to declines at non-magazine businesses, including Synapse, and the sale of Southern Living At Home in the third quarter of 2009.
 
Costs of revenues decreased 6% and, as a percentage of revenues, were 37% in 2010 compared to 39% in 2009. Costs of revenues for the magazine and digital businesses include manufacturing costs (paper, printing and distribution) and editorial-related costs, which together decreased 4% to $1.190 billion in 2010 from $1.241 billion in 2009, primarily due to lower paper costs associated with a decline in paper prices and cost savings initiatives. In addition, costs of revenues declined at the non-magazine businesses primarily as a result of lower revenues and the sale of Southern Living At Home.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased due primarily to lower marketing expenses, lower pension expenses, the sale of Southern Living At Home, cost savings resulting from Time Inc.’s fourth quarter 2009 restructuring activities and the absence in 2010 of an $18 million bad debt reserve in 2009 related to a newsstand wholesaler.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2010 results included $11 million of noncash impairments related to certain intangible assets and the 2009 results included $33 million of noncash impairments of certain fixed assets in connection with the Publishing segment’s restructuring activities. In addition, the results for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 included restructuring costs of $61 million and $99 million, respectively.
 
Operating Income increased due primarily to decreases in selling, general and administrative expenses and costs of revenues, lower restructuring costs and a decrease in asset impairments, partially offset by lower revenues.
 
Corporate.  Operating Loss of the Corporate segment for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 is as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     % Change  
 
Selling, general and administrative(a)
  $ (336 )   $ (325 )     3 %
Depreciation
    (38 )     (40 )     (5 %)
                         
Operating Loss
  $  (374 )   $  (365 )     2 %
                         
 
 
(a) Selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.
 
Operating Loss increased compared to the prior year due primarily to merit-based increases in compensation, severance charges and an adjustment to a lease exit accrual, partially offset by lower pension expenses and lower legal and other professional fees related to the defense of former employees in various lawsuits.
 
2009 vs. 2008
 
Consolidated Results
 
The following discussion provides an analysis of the Company’s results of operations and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated statement of operations.


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Table of Contents

 
TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Revenues.  The components of revenues are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Subscription
  $  8,445     $  8,300       2 %
Advertising
    5,161       5,798       (11 %)
Content
    11,074       11,450       (3 %)
Other
    708       886       (20 %)
                         
Total revenues
  $  25,388     $  26,434       (4 %)
                         
 
The increase in Subscription revenues for the year ended December 31, 2009 was primarily related to an increase at the Networks segment, offset partially by a decline at the Publishing segment. The decrease in Advertising revenues for the year ended December 31, 2009 was primarily due to declines at the Publishing segment and, to a lesser extent, a decline at the Networks segment. The decrease in Content revenues for the year ended December 31, 2009 was due primarily to declines at the Filmed Entertainment and Networks segments. Each of the revenue categories is discussed in greater detail by segment in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Costs of Revenues.  For the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, costs of revenues totaled $14.235 billion and $14.911 billion, respectively, and, as a percentage of revenues, were both 56%. The segment variations are discussed in detail in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.  For the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, selling, general and administrative expenses decreased 9% to $6.073 billion in 2009 from $6.678 billion in 2008, due to decreases across each of the segments. The segment variations are discussed in detail in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Included in costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses is depreciation expense, which was $668 million in both 2009 and 2008.
 
Amortization Expense.  Amortization expense decreased to $280 million in 2009 from $346 million in 2008. The decrease in amortization expense primarily related to declines at the Filmed Entertainment and Publishing segments. The segment variations are discussed in detail in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Restructuring Costs.  During the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $212 million primarily related to various employee terminations and other exit activities, including $8 million at the Networks segment, $105 million at the Filmed Entertainment segment and $99 million at the Publishing segment. The total number of employees terminated across the segments in 2009 was approximately 1,500.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $327 million, primarily related to various employee terminations and other exit activities, including $142 million at the Filmed Entertainment segment, $176 million at the Publishing segment and $12 million at the Corporate segment, partially offset by a reversal of $3 million at the Networks segment. The total number of employees terminated across the segments in 2008 was approximately 1,700.
 
Operating Income (Loss).  Operating Income was $4.470 billion in 2009 compared to Operating Loss of $3.044 billion in 2008. Excluding the items previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability” totaling $148 million and $7.237 billion of expense for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, Operating Income increased $425 million, primarily reflecting increases at the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments, partially offset by a decline at the Publishing segment. The segment variations are discussed under “Business Segment Results.”


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Table of Contents

 
TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Interest Expense, Net.  Interest expense, net, decreased to $1.166 billion in 2009 from $1.360 billion in 2008. The decrease in interest expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2009 is due primarily to lower average net debt and also included a $43 million benefit in connection with the resolution of an international VAT matter.
 
Other Income (Loss), Net.  Other income (loss), net detail is shown in the table below (millions):
 
                 
    Years Ended
 
    December 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
Investment losses, net
  $ (21 )   $ (60 )
Amounts related to the separation of TWC
    14       (11 )
Costs related to the separation of AOL
    (15 )      
Income (loss) from equity method investees
    (32 )     34  
Other
    (13 )     44  
                 
Other income (loss), net
  $  (67 )   $  7  
                 
 
The changes in investment losses, net, amounts related to the separation of TWC and costs related to the separation of AOL are discussed under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability.” The change in Income (loss) from equity method investees for the year ended December 31, 2009 was primarily due to the Company’s recognition in the third quarter of 2008 of its $30 million share of a pretax gain on the sale of a Central European documentary channel by an equity method investee, as well as losses in 2009 from equity method investees. The remaining change reflected the negative impact of foreign exchange rates.
 
Income Tax Provision.  Income tax expense from continuing operations was $1.153 billion in 2009 compared to $693 million in 2008. The Company’s effective tax rate for continuing operations was 36% in 2009 compared to (16%) in 2008. The change is primarily attributable to the portion of the goodwill impairment in 2008 that did not generate a tax benefit and the recognition of certain state and local tax benefits in 2009.
 
Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations.  Income from continuing operations was $2.084 billion in 2009 compared to a loss from continuing operations of $5.090 billion in 2008. Excluding the items previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability” totaling $109 million and $6.799 billion of expense, net in 2009 and 2008, respectively, income from continuing operations increased by $484 million, primarily reflecting higher Operating Income and lower interest expense, net, partially offset by other losses, net in 2009, all as noted above. Basic and diluted income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders were $1.76 and $1.75, respectively, in 2009 compared to basic and diluted loss per common share from continuing operations attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders of $4.27 for both in 2008.
 
Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax.  The financial results for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 included the impact of treating the results of operations and financial condition of TWC and AOL as discontinued operations. Discontinued operations, net of tax was income of $428 million in 2009 and was a loss of $9.559 billion in 2008. The 2009 results included TWC’s results for the period from January 1, 2009 through March 12, 2009 and AOL’s results for the period January 1, 2009 through December 9, 2009, as compared to the results for 2008, which included TWC’s results and AOL’s results for the full twelve-month period. Included in discontinued operations for 2008 was a noncash impairment of $14.822 billion and a related tax benefit of $5.729 billion to reduce the carrying values of certain cable franchise rights at TWC and a noncash impairment of $2.207 billion and a related tax benefit of $90 million to reduce the carrying value of goodwill at AOL. For additional information, see Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests.  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was $35 million in 2009 compared to a net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests of $1.251 billion in


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
2008, of which $39 million of income and a $1.251 billion loss, respectively, were attributable to discontinued operations.
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders.  Net income attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders was $2.477 billion in 2009 compared to a loss of $13.398 billion in 2008. Basic and diluted net income per common share attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders were $2.08 and $2.07, respectively, in 2009 compared to basic and diluted net loss per common share attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders of $11.22 for both in 2008.
 
Business Segment Results
 
Networks.  Revenues and Operating Income of the Networks segment for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $  7,077     $  6,738       5 %
Advertising
    3,272       3,359       (3 %)
Content
    819       901       (9 %)
Other
    85       60       42 %
                         
Total revenues
     11,253        11,058       2 %
Costs of revenues(a)
    (5,349 )     (5,261 )     2 %
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (2,002 )     (2,320 )     (14 %)
Loss on disposal of consolidated business
          (3 )     (100 %)
Asset impairments
    (52 )     (18 )     189 %
Restructuring costs
    (8 )     3       N M
Depreciation
    (338 )     (324 )     4 %
Amortization
    (34 )     (33 )     3 %
                         
Operating Income
  $  3,470     $  3,102       12 %
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.
 
The increase in Subscription revenues consisted primarily of a $325 million increase in domestic subscription revenues mainly due to higher domestic subscription rates at both Turner and Home Box Office and an increase in international subscription revenues of $51 million due to international subscriber growth, which was partially offset by a $37 million negative impact of foreign exchange rates.
 
The decrease in Advertising revenues primarily reflected a decrease of $69 million at Turner’s news networks, mainly due to audience declines, in part tied to the impact of the 2008 election coverage, and weakened demand, as well as a $20 million negative impact of foreign exchange rates principally at Turner’s international entertainment networks.
 
The decrease in Content revenues was due primarily to a $99 million decrease in ancillary sales of Home Box Office’s original programming, partly offset by the effect of lower than anticipated home video returns of approximately $25 million.
 
Costs of revenues increased primarily due to higher programming costs. Programming costs increased 2% to $4.258 billion from $4.161 billion in 2008. The increase in programming costs was due primarily to higher expenses related to licensed programming at both Turner and Home Box Office and original programming at Turner, partially offset by lower sports programming expenses at Turner that were primarily related to NBA programming and lower newsgathering costs, primarily reflecting the absence of the prior year’s election-related newsgathering costs.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Licensed programming costs for the year ended December 31, 2009 included a fourth quarter $104 million write-down to the net realizable value relating to a program licensed by Turner from Warner Bros. that the Company re-licensed to a third party. The write-down of this licensed program was partially offset by $27 million of intercompany profits that have been eliminated in consolidation, resulting in a net charge to Time Warner of $77 million. Costs of revenues as a percentage of revenues were 48% in both 2009 and 2008.
 
The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2009 reflected a $281 million charge in 2008 as a result of a trial court judgment against Turner related to the sale of the Winter Sports Teams. Excluding the impact of this charge, selling, general and administrative expenses decreased primarily due to lower marketing expenses.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2009 results included a $52 million noncash impairment of intangible assets related to Turner’s interest in a general entertainment network in India. The 2008 results included an $18 million noncash impairment related to GameTap, an online video game business, and a $3 million loss on the sale of GameTap. In addition, the 2009 results included restructuring costs of $8 million at Home Box Office primarily related to severance, and the 2008 results included a $3 million reversal of 2007 restructuring charges related to senior management changes at Home Box Office due to changes in estimates.
 
Operating Income increased primarily due to an increase in revenues.
 
Filmed Entertainment.  Revenues and Operating Income of the Filmed Entertainment segment for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 44     $ 39       13%  
Advertising
    79       88       (10% )
Content
    10,766       11,030       (2% )
Other
    177       241       (27% )
                         
Total revenues
     11,066        11,398       (3% )
Costs of revenues(a)
    (7,805 )     (8,161 )     (4% )
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (1,676 )     (1,867 )     (10% )
Loss on operating assets
    (33 )           NM  
Restructuring costs
    (105 )     (142 )     (26% )
Depreciation
    (164 )     (167 )     (2% )
Amortization
    (199 )     (238 )     (16% )
                         
Operating Income
  $  1,084     $  823       32%  
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
Content revenues primarily include theatrical product (which is content made available for initial exhibition in theaters) and television product (which is content made available for initial airing on television). The components of Content revenues for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Theatrical product:
                       
Theatrical film
  $ 2,085     $ 1,861       12 %
Home video and electronic delivery
    2,820       3,320       (15 %)
Television licensing
    1,459       1,574       (7 %)
Consumer products and other
    129       191       (32 %)
                         
Total theatrical product
    6,493       6,946       (7 %)
Television product:
                       
Television licensing
    2,506       2,274       10 %
Home video and electronic delivery
    777       814       (5 %)
Consumer products and other
    214       224       (4 %)
                         
Total television product
    3,497       3,312       6 %
Other
    776       772       1 %
                         
Total Content revenues
  $  10,766     $  11,030       (2 %)
                         
 
The decline in Content revenues included the negative impact of foreign exchange rates on many of the segment’s international operations.
 
The increase in theatrical film revenues was due primarily to the success of certain key releases in 2009, which compared favorably to 2008. Revenues in 2009 included the releases of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover, The Blind Side, Sherlock Holmes and Terminator Salvation compared to revenues in 2008, which included the releases of The Dark Knight, 10,000 B.C., Sex and the City, Get Smart and Journey to the Center of the Earth. Theatrical product revenues from home video and electronic delivery decreased primarily due to the reduced quantity and performance of new releases and lower catalog sales, driven in part by the negative impact of the current economic environment and secular trends, partially offset by the effect of lower than anticipated catalog returns. Significant titles in 2009 included Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover, Gran Torino and Terminator Salvation, while significant titles in 2008 included The Dark Knight, I Am Legend, 10,000 B.C., The Bucket List and Sex and the City. Theatrical product revenues from television licensing decreased due primarily to the timing and number of availabilities. Theatrical product revenues from consumer products and other decreased due to difficult comparisons to consumer product revenues in 2008, which included revenues from arrangements related to the release of The Dark Knight in the third quarter of 2008 and the release of Speed Racer in the second quarter of 2008.
 
The increase in television product licensing fees was primarily due to the effect of fewer network deliveries in 2008 as a result of the Writers Guild of America (East and West) strike, which was settled in February 2008. The decrease in television product revenues from Home video and electronic delivery primarily resulted from the reduced quantity and performance of new releases and lower catalog sales, driven in part by the negative impact of the current economic environment.
 
Other content revenues in 2009, which included the interactive videogame releases of LEGO Indiana Jones 2: The Adventure Continues, F.E.A.R. 2: Project Origin and LEGO Rock Band as well as the expansion of the distribution of third party interactive videogames, increased slightly compared to Other content revenues in 2008, which included revenues from the interactive videogame releases of LEGO Indiana Jones and LEGO Batman.
 
The decrease in costs of revenues resulted primarily from a $259 million decrease in theatrical advertising and print costs due primarily to the timing, quantity and mix of films released and a $163 million decline in manufacturing and related costs primarily associated with a decline in home video revenues. Film costs


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
increased to $4.789 billion in 2009 from $4.741 billion in 2008. Included in film costs are net pre-release theatrical film valuation adjustments, which increased slightly to $85 million in 2009 from $84 million in 2008. In addition, in 2009, the Company recognized a net benefit of approximately $50 million related to adjustments to correct prior period participation accruals, and, in 2008, the Company recognized approximately $53 million in participation expense related to claims on films released in prior periods. Costs of revenues as a percentage of revenues was 71% in 2009 compared to 72% in 2008.
 
The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses was primarily the result of a $60 million decline in employee costs mainly resulting from the operational reorganization of the New Line business in 2008 and Warner Bros.’ restructuring activities in 2009, discussed below, as well as a $133 million decrease in distribution expenses primarily associated with the declines in Home video and electronic delivery revenues.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2009 results included a $33 million loss on the sale of Warner Bros.’ Italian cinema assets. In addition, beginning in the first quarter of 2009, Warner Bros. commenced a significant restructuring, primarily consisting of headcount reductions and the outsourcing of certain functions to an external service provider. The Filmed Entertainment segment incurred restructuring charges of $105 million in 2009. The 2008 results included restructuring charges of $142 million primarily related to involuntary employee terminations in connection with the operational reorganization of the New Line business.
 
Operating Income increased primarily due to lower costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses and a decrease in amortization expense primarily relating to film library assets, partly offset by a decrease in revenues and the negative impact of foreign exchange rates. Operating Income also included the effect of lower than anticipated home video catalog returns of approximately $40 million, a $26 million benefit in connection with the resolution of an international VAT matter and the $33 million loss on the sale of the Italian cinema assets.
 
Publishing.  Revenues and Operating Income (Loss) of the Publishing segment for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 1,324     $ 1,523       (13% )
Advertising
    1,878       2,419       (22% )
Content
    73       63       16%  
Other
    461       603       (24% )
                         
Total revenues
    3,736       4,608       (19% )
Costs of revenues(a)
     (1,441 )      (1,813 )     (21% )
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (1,744 )     (1,840 )     (5% )
Asset impairments
    (33 )     (7,195 )     NM  
Restructuring costs
    (99 )     (176 )     (44% )
Depreciation
    (126 )     (133 )     (5% )
Amortization
    (47 )     (75 )     (37% )
                         
Operating Income (Loss)
  $  246     $  (6,624 )     NM  
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.
 
Subscription revenues declined primarily due to softening domestic newsstand sales, which decreased $47 million, and a decline of $35 million in domestic subscription sales, both due in part to the effect of the current economic environment, as well as a $95 million decrease at IPC resulting primarily from the negative impact of foreign exchange rates.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Advertising revenues decreased primarily due to a $330 million decline in domestic print Advertising revenues and a $141 million decrease in international print Advertising revenues, including the effect of foreign exchange rates at IPC, and a decrease of $20 million in online revenues. These declines primarily reflect the weak economic conditions and increased competition for advertising dollars.
 
Other revenues decreased due primarily to decreases at the non-magazine businesses, including Southern Living At Home, which was sold during the third quarter of 2009, and Synapse.
 
Costs of revenues decreased 21%, and, as a percentage of revenues, was 39% in both 2009 and 2008. Costs of revenues for the magazine and online businesses include manufacturing costs (paper, printing and distribution) and editorial-related costs, which together decreased 20% to $1.241 billion in 2009 from $1.544 billion in 2008, primarily due to cost savings initiatives, lower printing and paper costs related to a decline in volume and lower costs at IPC due primarily to the effect of foreign exchange rates. In addition, costs of revenues at the non-magazine businesses declined as a result of lower revenues.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased due to cost savings initiatives, a decrease at IPC due primarily to the effect of foreign exchange rates, lower marketing expenses, the effect of the sale of Southern Living At Home and lower bad debt reserves related to newsstand wholesalers, partly offset by higher pension expense and costs associated with the acquisition of QSP.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2009 results included a $33 million noncash impairment of certain fixed assets in connection with the Publishing segment’s restructuring activities. The 2008 results included a $7.139 billion noncash impairment to reduce the carrying value of goodwill and identifiable intangible assets, a $30 million noncash impairment related to the sub-lease with a tenant that filed for bankruptcy in September 2008, a $21 million noncash impairment of Southern Living At Home and a $5 million noncash impairment related to certain other asset write-offs. In addition, the 2009 results included restructuring costs of $99 million, primarily due to severance and facility costs related to an ongoing effort to continue to streamline the Publishing segment’s operations. The 2008 results included restructuring costs of $176 million, primarily consisting of $119 million of severance and facility costs associated with a significant reorganization of the Publishing segment’s operations and $57 million related to the sub-lease with a tenant that filed for bankruptcy in September 2008.
 
As discussed above, Operating Income (Loss) was negatively affected by $33 million and $7.195 billion of asset impairments in 2009 and 2008, respectively. Excluding the asset impairments, Operating Income decreased due primarily to lower revenues, partially offset by decreases in costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses and lower restructuring costs. The decrease in Operating Income for the year ended December 31, 2009 was also partially offset by lower amortization expense as a result of the prior year noncash impairment to reduce the carrying value of certain identifiable intangible assets.
 
Corporate.  Operating Loss of the Corporate segment for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 is as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Selling, general and administrative(a)
  $ (325 )   $ (324 )      
Restructuring costs
          (12 )     (100 %)
Depreciation
    (40 )     (44 )     (9 %)
                         
Operating Loss
  $  (365 )   $  (380 )     (4 %)
                         
                         
 
 
(a) Selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
The 2008 results included $12 million of restructuring costs, due primarily to involuntary employee terminations as a result of the Company’s cost savings initiatives at the Corporate segment.
 
Excluding the restructuring costs noted above, Operating Loss for the year ended December 31, 2009 was essentially flat compared to the prior year, reflecting higher pension expenses, an increase in legal and other professional fees related to the defense of former employees in various lawsuits and an increase in philanthropic contributions, offset by cost savings initiatives.
 
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY
 
Management believes that cash generated by or available to the Company should be sufficient to fund its capital and liquidity needs for the foreseeable future, including quarterly dividend payments, the purchase of up to $5 billion of common stock under the Company’s repurchase program and scheduled debt repayments. Time Warner’s sources of cash include cash provided by operations, cash and equivalents on hand, available borrowing capacity under its committed credit facilities and commercial paper program and access to capital markets. Time Warner’s unused committed capacity at December 31, 2010 was $8.700 billion, which included $3.663 billion of cash and equivalents.
 
Current Financial Condition
 
At December 31, 2010, Time Warner had $16.549 billion of debt, $3.663 billion of cash and equivalents (net debt, defined as total debt less cash and equivalents, of $12.886 billion) and $32.940 billion of shareholders’ equity, compared to $16.208 billion of debt, $4.733 billion of cash and equivalents (net debt of $11.475 billion) and $33.396 billion of shareholders’ equity at December 31, 2009.
 
The following table shows the significant items contributing to the increase in net debt from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010 (millions):
 
         
Balance at December 31, 2009
  $ 11,475  
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations
     (3,314 )
Cash used by discontinued operations
    24  
Capital expenditures
    631  
Dividends paid to common stockholders
    971  
Investments and acquisitions, net(a)
    935  
Proceeds from the sale of investments
    (130 )
Repurchases of common stock
    2,016  
All other, net(b)
    278  
         
Balance at December 31, 2010
  $  12,886  
         
 
 
(a) Refer to “Investing Activities” below for further detail.
(b) Includes premiums and transaction costs paid in connection with debt redemptions.
 
On January 28, 2010, Time Warner’s Board of Directors authorized up to $3.0 billion of share repurchases beginning January 1, 2010. Purchases under the stock repurchase program may be made from time to time on the open market and in privately negotiated transactions. The size and timing of these purchases are based on a number of factors, including price and business and market conditions. From January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2010, the Company repurchased approximately 65 million shares of common stock for approximately $1.999 billion pursuant to trading programs under Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). On January 25, 2011, Time Warner’s Board of Directors authorized up to $5.0 billion of share repurchases beginning January 1, 2011. From January 1, 2011 through February 11, 2011, the Company repurchased approximately 9 million shares of common stock for approximately $295 million pursuant to trading programs under Rule 10b5-1 of the Exchange Act.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Cash Flows
 
Cash and equivalents decreased by $1.070 billion, including $24 million of cash used by discontinued operations, for the year ended December 31, 2010 and increased by $3.651 billion, including $617 million of cash provided by discontinued operations, for the year ended December 31, 2009. Components of these changes are discussed below in more detail.
 
Operating Activities from Continuing Operations
 
Details of cash provided by operations from continuing operations are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Operating Income (Loss)
  $ 5,428     $ 4,470     $ (3,044 )
Depreciation and amortization
    938       948       1,014  
(Gain) loss on operating assets
    (70 )     33       3  
Noncash asset impairments
    20       85       7,213  
Net interest payments(a)
      (1,060 )      (1,082 )      (1,341 )
Net income taxes paid(b)
    (958 )     (810 )     (212 )
Noncash equity-based compensation
    199       175       192  
Domestic pension plan contributions
    (26 )     (43 )     (395 )
Restructuring payments, net of accruals
    (62 )     (8 )     181  
Amounts paid to settle litigation
    (250 )            
All other, net, including working capital changes
    (845 )     (382 )     681  
                         
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations
  $  3,314     $  3,386     $  4,292  
                         
 
 
(a) Includes interest income received of $26 million, $43 million and $65 million in 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
(b) Includes income tax refunds received of $90 million, $99 million and $137 million in 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, and income tax sharing payments to TWC of $87 million in 2010 and net income tax sharing receipts from TWC and AOL of $241 million and $342 million in 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations decreased to $3.314 billion in 2010 from $3.386 billion in 2009. The decrease in cash provided by operations from continuing operations was related primarily to cash used by working capital, amounts paid to settle litigation and higher income taxes paid, partially offset by an increase in Operating Income. Working capital is subject to wide fluctuations based on the timing of cash transactions related to production schedules, the acquisition of programming, collection of accounts receivable and similar items. In 2011, the Company anticipates that cash used by working capital will increase over 2010 primarily due to higher investments in television programming and film production as well as higher cash tax payments.
 
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations decreased to $3.386 billion in 2009 from $4.292 billion in 2008. The decrease in cash provided by operations from continuing operations was related primarily to an increase in net income taxes paid, an increase in restructuring payments, net of accruals and cash used by working capital, partially offset by a decline in net interest payments and domestic pension plan contributions. The Company’s net income tax payments increased in 2009 by $598 million primarily due to higher taxable income in 2009 and the run-off of tax attributes that benefitted the Company in prior years.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Investing Activities from Continuing Operations
 
Details of cash provided (used) by investing activities from continuing operations are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Investments in available-for-sale securities
  $ (16 )   $ (4 )   $ (19 )
Investments and acquisitions, net of cash acquired:
                       
HBO Asia, HBO South Asia and HBO LAG
    (217 )           (288 )
HBO CE
    (136 )            
Chilevision
    (134 )            
Shed Media
    (100 )            
Repurchase of Google’s 5% interest in AOL
          (283 )      
CME
          (246 )      
All other
    (332 )     (216 )     (441 )
Capital expenditures
    (631 )     (547 )     (682 )
Proceeds from the Special Dividend (as defined below)
          9,253        
Proceeds from the sale of available-for-sale securities
          50       13  
All other investment and sale proceeds
    130       181       131  
                         
Cash provided (used) by investing activities from continuing operations
  $  (1,436 )   $  8,188     $  (1,286 )
                         
 
Cash used by investing activities from continuing operations was $1.436 billion in 2010 compared to cash provided by investing activities from continuing operations of $8.188 billion in 2009. The change in cash provided (used) by investing activities from continuing operations was primarily due to the Company’s receipt of $9.253 billion on March 12, 2009 as its portion of the payment by TWC of a special cash dividend of $10.27 per share to all holders of TWC Class A Common Stock and TWC Class B Common Stock as of the close of business on March 11, 2009 (the “Special Dividend”) in connection with the separation of TWC from the Company.
 
Cash provided by investing activities from continuing operations was $8.188 billion in 2009 compared to cash used by investing activities from continuing operations of $1.286 billion in 2008. The change in cash provided (used) by investing activities from continuing operations was primarily due to the receipt of the Company’s portion of the Special Dividend.
 
Financing Activities from Continuing Operations
 
Details of cash used by financing activities from continuing operations are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Borrowings(a)
  $ 5,243     $ 3,583     $ 33,192  
Debt repayments(a)
    (4,910 )     (10,050 )     (34,971 )
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
    121       56       134  
Excess tax benefit on stock options
    7       1       3  
Principal payments on capital leases
    (14 )     (18 )     (17 )
Repurchases of common stock
    (2,016 )     (1,158 )     (332 )
Dividends paid
    (971 )     (897 )     (901 )
Other financing activities
    (384 )     (57 )     (3 )
                         
Cash used by financing activities from continuing operations
  $  (2,924 )   $  (8,540 )   $  (2,895 )
                         
 
 
(a) The Company reflects borrowings under its bank credit agreements on a gross basis and short-term commercial paper on a net basis in the accompanying consolidated statement of cash flows.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
Cash used by financing activities from continuing operations decreased to $2.924 billion in 2010 from $8.540 billion in 2009. The decrease in cash used by financing activities from continuing operations was primarily due to a decrease in debt repayments and an increase in borrowings, partially offset by an increase in repurchases of common stock made in connection with the Company’s common stock repurchase program. Other financing activities include the premiums and transaction costs paid in connection with the 2010 Debt Redemptions. As discussed under “Recent Developments,” the borrowings and debt repayments in 2010 primarily reflect a series of transactions that capitalized on the historically low interest rate environment and extended the average maturity of the Company’s debt. In 2009, the Company used a portion of the $9.253 billion it received from the payment of the Special Dividend to repay in full its $2.000 billion three-year unsecured term loan facility (plus accrued interest) and repay all amounts outstanding under the Prior Credit Agreement (defined below). In addition, the Company paid $2.000 billion (plus accrued interest) for floating rate public debt that matured on November 13, 2009.
 
Cash used by financing activities from continuing operations increased to $8.540 billion in 2009 from $2.895 billion in 2008. The change in cash used by financing activities from continuing operations was primarily due to an increase in net debt repayments and an increase in repurchases of common stock made in connection with the Company’s common stock repurchase program.
 
Cash Flows from Discontinued Operations
 
Details of cash provided (used) by discontinued operations are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Cash provided (used) by operations from discontinued operations
  $ (24 )   $ 1,324     $ 6,268  
Cash used by investing activities from discontinued operations
          (763 )     (5,213 )
Cash provided (used) by financing activities from discontinued operations
          (5,255 )     3,983  
Effect of change in cash and equivalents of discontinued operations
          5,311       (5,200 )
                         
Cash provided (used) by discontinued operations
  $  (24 )   $  617     $  (162 )
                         
 
Cash used by discontinued operations was $24 million in 2010 as compared to cash provided by discontinued operations of $617 million in 2009, which primarily reflected the cash activity associated with AOL.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, cash provided (used) by discontinued operations primarily reflected cash activity of TWC and AOL through their separations from the Company on March 12, 2009 and December 9, 2009, respectively, and, for the year ended December 31, 2008, it primarily reflected cash activity of TWC and AOL for the entire twelve-month period. The cash used by financing activities from discontinued operations of $5.255 billion for the year ended December 31, 2009 reflects TWC’s payment of the Special Dividend, partially offset by an increase in borrowings. Cash provided by discontinued operations of $617 million in 2009 compared to cash used by discontinued operations of $162 million in 2008 primarily reflected a decline in net investment and acquisition expenditures at AOL.
 
Outstanding Debt and Other Financing Arrangements
 
Outstanding Debt and Committed Financial Capacity
 
At December 31, 2010, Time Warner had total committed capacity, defined as maximum available borrowings under various existing debt arrangements and cash and short-term investments, of $25.314 billion. Of this committed capacity, $8.700 billion was unused and $16.549 billion was outstanding as debt. At December 31,


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
2010, total committed capacity, outstanding letters of credit, outstanding debt and total unused committed capacity were as follows (millions):
 
                                 
                      Unused
 
    Committed
    Letters of
    Outstanding
    Committed
 
    Capacity(a)     Credit(b)     Debt(c)     Capacity  
 
Cash and equivalents
  $ 3,663     $     $     $ 3,663  
Revolving bank credit agreement and commercial paper program
    5,000       51             4,949  
Fixed-rate public debt
    16,276             16,276        
Other obligations(d)
    375       14       273       88  
                                 
Total
  $  25,314     $  65     $  16,549     $  8,700  
                                 
 
 
(a) The revolving bank credit agreement, commercial paper program and public debt of the Company rank pari passu with the senior debt of the respective obligors thereon. The maturity profile of the Company’s outstanding debt and other financing arrangements is relatively long-term, with a weighted average maturity of 14.7 years as of December 31, 2010.
(b) Represents the portion of committed capacity reserved for outstanding and undrawn letters of credit.
(c) Represents principal amounts adjusted for premiums and discounts. At December 31, 2010, the Company’s public debt matures as follows: $0 in 2011, $638 million in 2012, $732 million in 2013, $0 in 2014, $1.000 billion in 2015 and $14.031 billion thereafter. In the period after 2015, no more than $2.0 billion will mature in any given year.
(d) Includes committed financings by subsidiaries under local bank credit agreements and $26 million of debt due within the next twelve months that relates to capital lease and other obligations.
 
Revolving Bank Credit Facilities
 
Effective November 30, 2010, the Company reduced the commitments of the lenders under its $6.9 billion senior unsecured five-year revolving credit facility to an aggregate amount equal to $5.0 billion (the “Prior Credit Agreement”).
 
On January 19, 2011, the Company entered into two new senior unsecured revolving bank credit facilities totaling $5.0 billion (the “New Revolving Credit Facilities”), consisting of a $2.5 billion three-year revolving credit facility that matures on January 19, 2014 and a $2.5 billion five-year revolving credit facility that matures on January 19, 2016. The New Revolving Credit Facilities replaced the Prior Credit Agreement, which would have expired on February 17, 2011.
 
The funding commitments under the New Revolving Credit Facilities are provided by a geographically diverse group of over 20 major financial institutions based in countries including Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the U.S. No institution accounts for more than 7% of the aggregate undrawn loan commitments.
 
Commercial Paper Program
 
On February 16, 2011, the Company established a new commercial paper program on a private placement basis under which Time Warner may issue unsecured commercial paper notes up to a maximum aggregate amount outstanding at any time of $5 billion. Concurrently with the effectiveness of the new program, the Company terminated its prior commercial paper program.
 
2010 Debt Transactions
 
On March 3, 2010, Time Warner filed a shelf registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission that allows it to offer and sell from time to time debt securities, preferred stock, common stock and warrants to purchase debt and equity securities. As summarized below, during 2010, the Company entered into a


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
series of transactions to capitalize on the historically low interest rate environment and extend the maturities of its public debt.
 
On March 11, 2010, Time Warner issued $2.0 billion aggregate principal amount of debt securities from the shelf registration statement, consisting of $1.4 billion aggregate principal amount of 4.875% Notes due 2020 and $600 million aggregate principal amount of 6.200% Debentures due 2040 (the “March 2010 Debt Offering”). On July 14, 2010, Time Warner issued $3.0 billion aggregate principal amount of debt securities from the shelf registration statement, consisting of $1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 3.15% Notes due 2015, $1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 4.70% Notes due 2021 and $1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 6.10% Debentures due 2040 (the “July 2010 Debt Offering” and, together with the March 2010 Debt Offering, the “2010 Debt Offerings”). The net proceeds to the Company from the 2010 Debt Offerings were $4.963 billion, after deducting underwriting discounts, and the net proceeds were used in connection with the 2010 Debt Redemptions and the Securitization Repayment, as defined below.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company repurchased and redeemed all $1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of the 6.75% Notes due 2011 of Time Warner, all $1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of the 5.50% Notes due 2011 of Time Warner, $1.362 billion aggregate principal amount of the outstanding 6.875% Notes due 2012 of Time Warner and $568 million aggregate principal amount of the outstanding 9.125% Debentures due 2013 of Historic TW (as successor by merger to Time Warner Companies, Inc.). The premiums paid and transaction costs incurred in connection with the 2010 Debt Redemptions were $364 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. These amounts were reflected in other income (loss), net in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations and were included in significant transactions and other items affecting comparability.
 
During the first quarter of 2010, the Company repaid the $805 million outstanding under the Company’s two accounts receivable securitization facilities (the “Securitization Repayment”). The Company terminated the two accounts receivable securitization facilities on March 19, 2010 and March 24, 2010, respectively.
 
Additional Information
 
The obligations of each of the borrowers under the Company’s revolving bank credit agreements and the obligations of Time Warner under the commercial paper program and public debt issued in 2010 are directly or indirectly guaranteed, on an unsecured basis by Historic TW Inc. (“Historic TW”), Home Box Office and Turner. See Note 8, “Long-Term Debt and Other Financing Arrangements,” to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding the Company’s outstanding debt and other financing arrangements, including certain information about maturities, covenants, rating triggers and bank credit agreement leverage ratios relating to such debt and financing arrangements.
 
Contractual and Other Obligations
 
Contractual Obligations
 
In addition to the previously discussed financing arrangements, the Company has obligations under certain contractual arrangements to make future payments for goods and services. These contractual obligations secure the future rights to various assets and services to be used in the normal course of operations. For example, the Company is contractually committed to make certain minimum lease payments for the use of property under operating lease agreements. In accordance with applicable accounting rules, the future rights and obligations pertaining to firm commitments, such as operating lease obligations and certain purchase obligations under contracts, are not reflected as assets or liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s aggregate contractual obligations at December 31, 2010, and the estimated timing and effect that such obligations are expected to have on the Company’s liquidity and cash flows in future periods (millions):
 
                                         
Contractual Obligations(a)(b)(c)
  Total     2011     2012-2013     2014-2015     Thereafter  
 
Outstanding debt obligations (Note 8)
  $ 16,599     $ 15     $ 1,370     $ 1,000     $ 14,214  
Interest (Note 8)
    17,099       1,065       2,045       1,914       12,075  
Capital lease obligations (Note 8)
    95       14       27       22       32  
Operating lease obligations (Note 16)
    2,488       401       729       630       728  
Purchase obligations
    21,415       4,444       5,328       3,450       8,193  
                                         
Total contractual obligations and outstanding debt
  $  57,696     $  5,939     $  9,499     $  7,016     $  35,242  
                                         
 
 
(a) The table does not include the effects of certain put/call or other buy-out arrangements that are contingent in nature involving certain of the Company’s investees (Note 16).
(b) The table does not include the Company’s reserve for uncertain tax positions and related accrued interest and penalties, which at December 31, 2010 totaled $2.4 billion, as the specific timing of any cash payments relating to this obligation cannot be projected with reasonable certainty.
(c) The references to Note 8 and Note 16 refer to the notes to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
The following is a description of the Company’s material contractual obligations at December 31, 2010:
 
  •   Outstanding debt obligations — represents the principal amounts due on outstanding debt obligations as of December 31, 2010. Amounts do not include any fair value adjustments, bond premiums, discounts, interest payments or dividends.
 
  •   Interest — represents amounts based on the outstanding debt balances, interest rates and maturity schedules of the respective instruments as of December 31, 2010. Interest ultimately paid on these obligations may differ based on changes in interest rates for variable-rate debt, as well as any potential future refinancings entered into by the Company.
 
  •   Capital lease obligations — represents the minimum lease payments under noncancelable capital leases, primarily for certain transponder leases at the Networks segment.
 
  •   Operating lease obligations — represents the minimum lease payments under noncancelable operating leases, primarily for the Company’s real estate and operating equipment in various locations around the world.
 
  •   Purchase obligations — represents an agreement to purchase goods or services that is enforceable and legally binding on the Company and that specifies all significant terms, including: fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased; fixed, minimum or variable price provisions; and the approximate timing of the transaction. The purchase obligation amounts do not represent the entire anticipated purchases in the future, but represent only those items for which the Company is contractually obligated. Additionally, the Company also purchases products and services as needed, with no firm commitment. For this reason, the amounts presented in the table alone do not provide a reliable indicator of the Company’s expected future cash outflows. For purposes of identifying and accumulating purchase obligations, the Company has included all material contracts meeting the definition of a purchase obligation (i.e., legally binding for a fixed or minimum amount or quantity). For those contracts involving a fixed or minimum quantity, but with variable pricing terms, the Company has estimated the contractual obligation based on its best estimate of the pricing that will be in effect at the time the obligation is incurred. Additionally, the Company has included only the obligations represented by those contracts as they existed at December 31, 2010, and did not assume renewal or replacement of the contracts at the end of their respective terms. If a contract includes a penalty for non-renewal, the Company has included that penalty, assuming it will be paid in the period


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
  after the contract term expires. If Time Warner can unilaterally terminate an agreement simply by providing a certain number of days notice or by paying a termination fee, the Company has included the amount of the termination fee or the amount that would be paid over the “notice period.” Contracts that can be unilaterally terminated without incurring a penalty have not been included.
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s purchase obligations at December 31, 2010 (millions):
 
                                         
Purchase Obligations
  Total     2011     2012-2013     2014-2015     Thereafter  
 
Network programming obligations(a)
  $ 17,294     $ 2,543     $ 3,806     $ 2,960     $ 7,985  
Creative talent and employment agreements(b)
    1,866       1,004       709       144       9  
Obligations to use certain printing facilities for the production of magazines
    705       229       437       39        
Advertising, marketing and sponsorship obligations(c)
    785       394       207       179       5  
Other, primarily general and administrative obligations(d)
    765       274       169       128       194  
                                         
Total purchase obligations
  $ 21,415     $ 4,444     $ 5,328     $ 3,450     $ 8,193  
                                         
 
 
(a) The Networks segment enters into contracts to license sports programming to carry on its television networks. The amounts in the table represent minimum payment obligations to sports leagues (e.g., NCAA, NBA, NASCAR, MLB) to air the programming over the contract period. Included in the table above is $10.7 billion payable to the NCAA over the 14-year term of the agreement, which does not include amounts recoupable from the other party to the agreement with the NCAA. The Networks segment also enters into licensing agreements with certain movie studios to acquire the rights to air movies that the movie studios release theatrically. The pricing structures in these contracts differ in that certain agreements can require a fixed amount per movie while others are based on a percentage of the movie’s box office receipts (with license fees generally capped at specified amounts), or a combination of both. The amounts included in the table represent obligations for movies that have been released theatrically as of December 31, 2010 and are calculated using the actual or estimated box office performance or fixed amounts, based on the applicable contract.
(b) The Company’s commitments under creative talent and employment agreements include obligations to executives, actors, producers, authors, and other talent under contractual arrangements, including union contracts and other organizations that represent such creative talent.
(c) Advertising, marketing and sponsorship obligations include minimum guaranteed royalty and marketing payments to vendors and content providers, primarily at the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments.
(d) Other includes obligations related to the Company’s postretirement and unfunded defined benefit pension plans, obligations to purchase general and administrative items and services, construction commitments primarily at the Networks segment, outsourcing commitments primarily at the Filmed Entertainment segment, a deferred purchase price obligation at the Networks segment, obligations to purchase information technology licenses and services and payments due pursuant to certain technology arrangements.
 
Most of the Company’s other long-term liabilities reflected in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet have been incorporated in the estimated timing of cash payments provided in the summary of contractual obligations, the most significant of which is an approximate $1.227 billion liability for film licensing obligations. However, certain long-term liabilities and deferred credits have been excluded from the summary because there are no cash outflows associated with them (e.g., deferred revenue) or because the cash outflows associated with them are uncertain or do not represent a purchase obligation as it is used herein (e.g., deferred taxes, participations and royalties, deferred compensation and other miscellaneous items).


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Future Film Licensing Obligations
 
In addition to the purchase obligations previously discussed, the Company has certain future film licensing obligations, which represent studio movie deal commitments to acquire the right to air movies that will be released in the future (i.e., after December 31, 2010). These arrangements do not meet the definition of a purchase obligation since there are neither fixed nor minimum quantities under the arrangements. Because future film licensing obligations are significant to its business, the Company has summarized these arrangements below. Given the variability in the terms of these arrangements, significant estimates were involved in the determination of these obligations, including giving consideration to historical box office performance and studio release trends. Actual amounts, once known, could differ significantly from these estimates (millions).
 
                                         
    Total     2011     2012-2013     2014-2015     Thereafter  
 
Future Film Licensing Obligations
  $  4,546     $  563     $  1,331     $  1,513     $  1,139  
                                         
 
Contingent Commitments and Programming Licensing Backlog
 
The Company has certain contractual arrangements that would require it to make payments or provide funding if certain circumstances occur. In addition, the Company has contractual arrangements for the licensing of theatrical and television product for which the telecast period has not yet commenced and for which the Company has not yet recorded the related revenue. See Note 16, “Commitments and Contingencies,” to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for further discussion of these items.
 
Customer Credit Risk
 
Customer credit risk represents the potential for financial loss if a customer is unwilling or unable to meet its agreed upon contractual payment obligations. Credit risk in the Company’s businesses originates from sales of various products or services and is dispersed among many different counterparties. At December 31, 2010, no single customer had a receivable balance greater than 5% of total receivables. The Company’s exposure to customer credit risk is largely concentrated in the following categories (amounts presented below are net of reserves and allowances):
 
  •     Various retailers for home video product of approximately $730 million;
  •     Various cable and broadcast TV network operators for licensed TV and film product of approximately $2.2 billion;
  •     Various magazine wholesalers related to the distribution of published product of approximately $130 million;
  •     Various cable system operators, satellite distribution services, telephone companies and other distributors for the distribution of television programming services of approximately $1.2 billion; and
  •     Various advertisers and advertising agencies related to advertising services of approximately $1.3 billion.
 
For additional information regarding Time Warner’s accounting policies relating to customer credit risk, refer to Note 1, “Description of Business, Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Polices,” to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
MARKET RISK MANAGEMENT
 
Market risk is the potential gain/loss arising from changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and changes in the market value of financial instruments.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
Time Warner has issued fixed-rate debt that, at December 31, 2010, had an outstanding balance of $16.276 billion and an estimated fair value of $18.545 billion. Based on Time Warner’s fixed-rate debt obligations outstanding at December 31, 2010, a 25 basis point increase or decrease in the level of interest rates would, respectively, decrease or increase the fair value of the fixed-rate debt by approximately $411 million. Such potential increases or decreases are based on certain simplifying assumptions, including a constant level of fixed-rate debt and an immediate, across-the-board increase or decrease in the level of interest rates with no other subsequent changes for the remainder of the period.
 
At December 31, 2010, the Company had a cash balance of $3.663 billion, which is primarily invested in variable-rate interest-earning assets. Based on Time Warner’s variable-rate interest-earning assets outstanding at December 31, 2010, a 25 basis point increase or decrease in the level of interest rates would have an insignificant impact on interest income.
 
Foreign Currency Risk
 
Time Warner uses foreign exchange contracts primarily to hedge the risk that unremitted or forecasted royalties and license fees owed to Time Warner domestic companies for the sale or anticipated sale of U.S. copyrighted products abroad because such amounts may be adversely affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Similarly, the Company enters into foreign exchange contracts to hedge certain film production costs denominated in a foreign currency as well as other transactions, assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency. As part of its overall strategy to manage the level of exposure to the risk of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, Time Warner hedges a portion of its foreign currency exposures anticipated over a rolling twelve-month period. The hedging period for royalties and license fees covers revenues expected to be recognized during the calendar year; however, there is often a lag between the time that revenue is recognized and the transfer of foreign-denominated cash to U.S. dollars. To hedge this exposure, Time Warner uses foreign exchange contracts that generally have maturities of three months to eighteen months and provide continuing coverage throughout the hedging period. At December 31, 2010 and 2009, Time Warner had contracts for the sale of $2.760 billion and $2.320 billion, respectively, and the purchase of $2.206 billion and $1.762 billion, respectively, of foreign currencies at fixed rates. The following provides a summary of foreign currency contracts by currency (millions):
 
                                 
    December 31, 2010     December 31, 2009  
    Sales     Purchases     Sales     Purchases  
 
British pound
  $ 612     $ 646     $ 684     $ 519  
Euro
    427       302       482       243  
Canadian dollar
    634       416       484       338  
Australian dollar
    587       534       331       419  
Other
    500       308       339       243  
                                 
Total
  $ 2,760     $ 2,206     $ 2,320     $ 1,762  
                                 
 
Based on the foreign exchange contracts outstanding at December 31, 2010, a 10% devaluation of the U.S. dollar as compared to the level of foreign exchange rates for currencies under contract at December 31, 2010 would result in a decrease of approximately $55 million in the value of such contracts. Conversely, a 10% appreciation of the U.S. dollar would result in an increase of approximately $55 million in the value of such contracts. For a hedge of forecasted royalty or license fees denominated in a foreign currency, consistent with the nature of the economic hedge provided by such foreign exchange contracts, such unrealized gains or losses largely would be offset by corresponding decreases or increases, respectively, in the dollar value of future foreign currency royalty and license fee payments that would be received in cash within the hedging period from the sale of U.S. copyrighted products abroad. See Note 7 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for additional discussion.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Equity Risk
 
The Company is exposed to market risk as it relates to changes in the market value of its investments. The Company invests in equity instruments of public and private companies for operational and strategic business purposes. These securities are subject to significant fluctuations in fair market value due to the volatility of the stock market and the industries in which the companies operate. At December 31, 2010, these securities, which are classified in Investments, including available-for-sale securities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet, included $883 million of investments accounted for using the equity method of accounting, $313 million of cost-method investments, primarily relating to equity interests in privately held businesses, $547 million of investments related to the Company’s deferred compensation program and $53 million of investments in available-for-sale securities.
 
The potential loss in fair value resulting from a 10% adverse change in the prices of the Company’s available-for-sale securities would be approximately $5 million. While Time Warner has recognized all declines that are believed to be other-than-temporary, it is reasonably possible that individual investments in the Company’s portfolio may experience an other-than-temporary decline in value in the future if the underlying investee company experiences poor operating results or if the U.S. equity markets experience future broad declines in value. See Note 4 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for additional discussion.
 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, which requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Management considers an accounting policy to be critical if it is important to the Company’s financial condition and results of operations, and if it requires significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in its application. The development and selection of these critical accounting policies have been determined by the management of Time Warner and the related disclosures have been reviewed with the Audit and Finance Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company. The Company considers policies relating to the following matters to be critical accounting policies:
 
  •     Impairment of Goodwill and Intangible Assets;
  •     Multiple-Element Transactions;
  •     Income Taxes;
  •     Film Cost Recognition, Participations and Residuals and Impairments;
  •     Gross versus Net Revenue Recognition; and
  •     Sales Returns, Pricing Rebates and Uncollectible Accounts.
 
For a discussion of each of the Company’s critical accounting policies, including information and analysis of estimates and assumptions involved in their application, and other significant accounting policies, see Note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
CAUTION CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Forward-looking statements often include words such as “anticipates,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes” and words and terms of similar substance in connection with discussions of future operating or financial performance. Examples of forward-looking statements in this report include, but are not limited to, statements regarding the adequacy of the Company’s liquidity to meet its needs for the foreseeable future, the impact of plan amendments on employee benefit plan expenses, the Company’s international expansion plans, the impact of increased programming costs associated with Turner’s investment in NCAA Tournament Games programming, the impact of the timing of theatrical and home video releases, future film licensing obligations and the impact of increases in cash used by working capital.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
The Company’s forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions regarding the Company’s business and performance, the economy and other future conditions and forecasts of future events, circumstances and results. As with any projection or forecast, forward-looking statements are inherently susceptible to uncertainty and changes in circumstances. The Company’s actual results may vary materially from those expressed or implied in its forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause the Company’s actual results to differ materially from those in its forward-looking statements include government regulation, economic, strategic, political and social conditions and the following factors:
 
  •     recent and future changes in technology, services and standards, including, but not limited to, alternative methods for the delivery, storage and consumption of digital media and the maturation of the standard definition DVD format;
  •     changes in consumer behavior, including changes in spending behavior and changes in when, where and how digital media is consumed;
  •     changes in the Company’s plans, initiatives and strategies, and consumer acceptance thereof;
  •     competitive pressures, including as a result of audience fragmentation and changes in technology;
  •     the popularity of the Company’s content;
  •     the Company’s ability to deal effectively with an economic slowdown or other economic or market difficulty;
  •     changes in advertising expenditures due to, among other things, the shift of advertising expenditures from traditional to digital media, pressure from public interest groups, changes in laws and regulations and other societal, political, technological and regulatory developments;
  •     piracy and the Company’s ability to protect its content and intellectual property rights;
  •     lower than expected valuations associated with the cash flows and revenues at Time Warner’s segments, which could result in Time Warner’s inability to realize the value of recorded intangible assets and goodwill at those segments;
  •     decreased liquidity in the capital markets, including any limitation on the Company’s ability to access the capital markets for debt securities or obtain bank financings on acceptable terms;
  •     the effects of any significant acquisitions, dispositions and other similar transactions by the Company;
  •     the failure to meet earnings expectations;
  •     the adequacy of the Company’s risk management framework;
  •     changes in U.S. GAAP or other applicable accounting policies;
  •     the impact of terrorist acts, hostilities, natural disasters and pandemic viruses;
  •     changes in tax, federal communication and other laws and regulations; and
  •     the other risks and uncertainties detailed in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” in this report.
 
Any forward-looking statements made by the Company in this report speak only as of the date on which they are made. The Company is under no obligation to, and expressly disclaims any obligation to, update or alter its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, subsequent events or otherwise.


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TIME WARNER INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
                 
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2010     2009  
 
ASSETS
               
Current assets
               
Cash and equivalents
  $ 3,663     $ 4,733  
Receivables, less allowances of $2,161 and $2,247
    6,413       5,070  
Securitized receivables
          805  
Inventories
    1,920       1,769  
Deferred income taxes
    581       670  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    561       645  
                 
Total current assets
    13,138       13,692  
Noncurrent inventories and film costs
    5,985       5,754  
Investments, including available-for-sale securities
    1,796       1,542  
Property, plant and equipment, net
    3,874       3,922  
Intangible assets subject to amortization, net
    2,492       2,676  
Intangible assets not subject to amortization
    7,827       7,734  
Goodwill
    29,994       29,639  
Other assets
    1,418       1,100  
                 
Total assets
  $ 66,524     $ 66,059  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities
               
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  $ 7,733     $ 7,807  
Deferred revenue
    884       781  
Debt due within one year
    26       57  
Non-recourse debt
          805  
Current liabilities of discontinued operations
          23  
                 
Total current liabilities
    8,643       9,473  
Long-term debt
    16,523       15,346  
Deferred income taxes
    1,950       1,607  
Deferred revenue
    296       269  
Other noncurrent liabilities
    6,167       5,967  
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 16)
               
Equity
               
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 1.641 billion and 1.634 billion shares issued and 1.099 billion and 1.157 billion shares outstanding
    16       16  
Paid-in-capital
    157,146       158,129  
Treasury stock, at cost (542 million and 477 million shares)
    (29,033 )     (27,034 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net
    (632 )     (580 )
Accumulated deficit
    (94,557 )     (97,135 )
                 
Total Time Warner Inc. shareholders’ equity
    32,940       33,396  
Noncontrolling interests
    5       1  
                 
Total equity
    32,945       33,397  
                 
Total liabilities and equity
  $ 66,524     $ 66,059  
                 
 
See accompanying notes.


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TIME WARNER INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
Years Ended December 31,
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 9,028     $ 8,445     $ 8,300  
Advertising
    5,682       5,161       5,798  
Content
    11,565       11,074       11,450  
Other
    613       708       886  
                         
Total revenues
    26,888       25,388       26,434  
Costs of revenues
    (15,023 )     (14,235 )     (14,911 )
Selling, general and administrative
    (6,126 )     (6,073 )     (6,678 )
Amortization of intangible assets
    (264 )     (280 )     (346 )
Restructuring costs
    (97 )     (212 )     (327 )
Asset impairments
    (20 )     (85 )     (7,213 )
Gain (loss) on operating assets
    70       (33 )     (3 )
                         
Operating income (loss)
    5,428       4,470       (3,044 )
Interest expense, net
    (1,178 )     (1,166 )     (1,360 )
Other loss, net
    (331 )     (67 )     7  
                         
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
    3,919       3,237       (4,397 )
Income tax provision
    (1,348 )     (1,153 )     (693 )
                         
Income (loss) from continuing operations
    2,571       2,084       (5,090 )
Discontinued operations, net of tax
          428       (9,559 )
                         
Net income (loss)
    2,571       2,512       (14,649 )
Less Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
    7       (35 )     1,251  
                         
Net income (loss) attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders
  $ 2,578     $ 2,477     $ (13,398 )
                         
Amounts attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders:
                       
Income (loss) from continuing operations
  $ 2,578     $ 2,088     $ (5,090 )
Discontinued operations, net of tax
          389       (8,308 )
                         
Net income (loss)
  $ 2,578     $ 2,477     $ (13,398 )
                         
Per share information attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders:
                       
Basic income (loss) per common share from continuing operations
  $ 2.27     $ 1.76     $ (4.27 )
Discontinued operations
          0.32       (6.95 )
                         
Basic net income (loss) per common share
  $ 2.27     $ 2.08     $ (11.22 )
                         
Average basic common shares outstanding
    1,128.4       1,184.0       1,194.2  
                         
Diluted income (loss) per common share from continuing operations
  $ 2.25     $ 1.75     $ (4.27 )
Discontinued operations
          0.32       (6.95 )
                         
Diluted net income (loss) per common share
  $ 2.25     $ 2.07     $ (11.22 )
                         
Average diluted common shares outstanding
    1,145.3       1,195.1       1,194.2  
                         
Cash dividends declared per share of common stock
  $ 0.850     $ 0.750     $ 0.750  
                         
 
See accompanying notes.


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TIME WARNER INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
Years Ended December 31,
(millions)
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
OPERATIONS
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 2,571     $ 2,512     $ (14,649 )
Less Discontinued operations, net of tax
          428       (9,559 )
                         
Net income (loss) from continuing operations
    2,571       2,084       (5,090 )
Adjustments for noncash and nonoperating items:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
    938       948       1,014  
Amortization of film and television costs
    6,663       6,403       5,826  
Asset impairments
    20       85       7,213  
(Gain) loss on investments and other assets, net
    (6 )     49       52  
Equity in losses of investee companies, net of cash distributions
    38       74       21  
Equity-based compensation
    199       175       192  
Deferred income taxes
    89       346       410  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
                       
Receivables
    (676 )     317       1,151  
Inventories and film costs
    (6,921 )     (6,671 )     (5,699 )
Accounts payable and other liabilities
    104       (838 )     (766 )
Other changes
    295       414       (32 )
                         
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations
    3,314       3,386       4,292  
                         
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
                       
Investments in available-for-sale securities
    (16 )     (4 )     (19 )
Investments and acquisitions, net of cash acquired
    (919 )     (745 )     (729 )
Capital expenditures
    (631 )     (547 )     (682 )
Investment proceeds from available-for-sale securities
          50       13  
Proceeds from the Special Dividend paid by Time Warner Cable Inc. 
          9,253        
Other investment proceeds
    130       181       131  
                         
Cash provided (used) by investing activities from continuing operations
    (1,436 )     8,188       (1,286 )
                         
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
                       
Borrowings
    5,243       3,583       33,192  
Debt repayments
    (4,910 )     (10,050 )     (34,971 )
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    121       56       134  
Excess tax benefit on stock options
    7       1       3  
Principal payments on capital leases
    (14 )     (18 )     (17 )
Repurchases of common stock
    (2,016 )     (1,158 )     (332 )
Dividends paid
    (971 )     (897 )     (901 )
Other financing activities
    (384 )     (57 )     (3 )
                         
Cash used by financing activities from continuing operations
    (2,924 )     (8,540 )     (2,895 )
                         
Cash provided (used) by continuing operations
    (1,046 )     3,034       111  
                         
Cash provided (used) by operations from discontinued operations
    (24 )     1,324       6,268  
Cash used by investing activities from discontinued operations
          (763 )     (5,213 )
Cash provided (used) by financing activities from discontinued operations
          (5,255 )     3,983  
Effect of change in cash and equivalents of discontinued operations
          5,311       (5,200 )
                         
Cash provided (used) by discontinued operations
    (24 )     617       (162 )
                         
INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND EQUIVALENTS
    (1,070 )     3,651       (51 )
CASH AND EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
    4,733       1,082       1,133  
                         
CASH AND EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
  $ 3,663     $ 4,733     $ 1,082  
                         
 
See accompanying notes.


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TIME WARNER INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY
(millions)
 
                                                         
    Time Warner Shareholders’              
                      Retained
                   
                      Earnings
                   
    Common
    Paid-In
    Treasury
    (Accumulated
          Noncontrolling
    Total
 
    Stock     Capital     Stock     Deficit)     Total     Interests     Equity  
 
BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2007
  $ 16     $ 170,263     $ (25,526 )   $ (86,217 )   $ 58,536     $ 4,322     $ 62,858  
Net loss
                      (13,398 )     (13,398 )     (1,251 )     (14,649 )
Foreign currency translation adjustments
                      (956 )     (956 )     (5 )     (961 )
Change in unrealized gain on securities
                      (18 )     (18 )           (18 )
Change in unfunded benefit obligation
                      (780 )     (780 )     (46 )     (826 )
Change in realized and unrealized losses on derivative financial instruments
                      (71 )     (71 )           (71 )
                                                         
Comprehensive loss
                      (15,223 )     (15,223 )     (1,302 )     (16,525 )
Cash dividends
          (901 )                 (901 )           (901 )
Common stock repurchases
                (299 )           (299 )           (299 )
Impact of adopting new accounting pronouncements(a)
                      (13 )     (13 )           (13 )
Noncontrolling interests of acquired businesses
                                  15       15  
Amounts related primarily to stock options and restricted stock(b)
          202       (11 )     1       192             192  
                                                         
BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2008
  $ 16     $ 169,564     $ (25,836 )   $ (101,452 )   $ 42,292     $ 3,035     $ 45,327  
                                                         
Net income
                      2,477       2,477       35       2,512  
Foreign currency translation adjustments
                      221       221       1       222  
Change in unrealized gain on securities
                      (12 )     (12 )           (12 )
Change in unfunded benefit obligation
                      183       183             183  
Change in realized and unrealized losses on derivative financial instruments
                      35       35             35  
                                                         
Comprehensive income
                      2,904       2,904       36       2,940  
Cash dividends
          (897 )                 (897 )           (897 )
Common stock repurchases
                (1,198 )           (1,198 )           (1,198 )
Time Warner Cable Inc. Special Dividend
                                  (1,603 )     (1,603 )
Time Warner Cable Inc. Spin-off
          (7,213 )           391       (6,822 )     (1,167 )     (7,989 )
AOL Spin-off
          (3,480 )           278       (3,202 )           (3,202 )
Repurchase of Google’s interest in AOL
          (155 )           164       9       (292 )     (283 )
Noncontrolling interests of acquired businesses
                                  (8 )     (8 )
Amounts related primarily to stock options and restricted stock(b)
          310                   310             310  
                                                         
BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2009
  $ 16     $ 158,129     $ (27,034 )   $ (97,715 )   $ 33,396     $ 1     $ 33,397  
                                                         
Net income
                      2,578       2,578       (7 )     2,571  
Foreign currency translation adjustments
                      (131 )     (131 )           (131 )
Change in unrealized gain on securities
                      (1 )     (1 )           (1 )
Change in unfunded benefit obligation
                      55       55             55  
Change in realized and unrealized losses on derivative financial instruments
                      25       25             25  
                                                         
Comprehensive income
                      2,526       2,526       (7 )     2,519  
Cash dividends
          (971 )                 (971 )           (971 )
Common stock repurchases
                (1,999 )           (1,999 )           (1,999 )
Noncontrolling interests of acquired businesses
                                  11       11  
Amounts related primarily to stock options and restricted stock(b)
          (12 )                 (12 )           (12 )
                                                         
BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2010
  $ 16     $ 157,146     $ (29,033 )   $ (95,189 )   $ 32,940     $ 5     $ 32,945  
                                                         
 
 
(a) For the year ended December 31, 2008, reflects the impact of adopting accounting guidance related to the accounting for collateral assignment and endorsement split-dollar life insurance arrangements.
(b) Amounts related primarily to stock options and restricted stock includes write-offs of deferred tax assets related to equity-based compensation.
 
See accompanying notes.


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TIME WARNER INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
1.  DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS, BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Description of Business
 
Time Warner Inc. (“Time Warner” or the “Company”) is a leading media and entertainment company, whose businesses include television networks, filmed entertainment and publishing. Time Warner classifies its operations into three reportable segments: Networks: consisting principally of cable television networks that provide programming; Filmed Entertainment: consisting principally of feature film, television, home video and interactive game production and distribution; and Publishing: consisting principally of magazine publishing. Financial information for Time Warner’s various reportable segments is presented in Note 15.
 
Basis of Presentation
 
Basis of Consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements include all of the assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and cash flows of entities in which Time Warner has a controlling interest (“subsidiaries”). Intercompany accounts and transactions between consolidated companies have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
The financial position and operating results of substantially all foreign operations are consolidated using the local currency as the functional currency. Local currency assets and liabilities are translated at the rates of exchange on the balance sheet date, and local currency revenues and expenses are translated at average rates of exchange during the period. Translation gains or losses of assets and liabilities are included in the consolidated statement of shareholders’ equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income, net.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Significant estimates and judgments inherent in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements include accounting for asset impairments, allowances for doubtful accounts, depreciation and amortization, the determination of ultimate revenues as it relates to amortized capitalized film costs and participations and residuals, home video and interactive games product and magazine returns, business combinations, pension and other postretirement benefits, equity-based compensation, income taxes, contingencies, litigation matters and the determination of whether the Company is the primary beneficiary of entities in which it holds variable interests.
 
Accounting Guidance Adopted in 2010
 
Amendments to Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets and VIEs
 
On January 1, 2010, the Company adopted guidance on a retrospective basis that (i) eliminated the concept of a qualifying special-purpose entity (“SPE”), (ii) eliminated the exception from applying existing accounting guidance related to variable interest entities (“VIEs”) that were previously considered qualifying SPEs, (iii) changed the approach for determining the primary beneficiary of a VIE from a quantitative risk and reward model to a qualitative model based on control and (iv) requires the Company to assess each reporting period whether any of the Company’s variable interests give it a controlling financial interest in the applicable VIE.
 
The Company’s investments in entities determined to be VIEs principally consist of certain investments at its Networks segment, primarily HBO Asia, HBO South Asia and certain entities that comprise HBO Latin America Group (“HBO LAG”), which operate multi-cha