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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
Form 10-K
 
     
(Mark One)    
þ
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2010
or
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Commission file number 000-23354
FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Singapore
  Not Applicable
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
2 Changi South Lane,
Singapore
(Address of registrant’s principal executive offices)
  486123
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
(65) 6890 7188
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
 
Ordinary Shares, No Par Value   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
(NASDAQ Global Select Market)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act — NONE
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer þ Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
As of October 2, 2009, the aggregate market value of the Company’s ordinary shares held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $5.6 billion based upon the closing sale price as reported on the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (NASDAQ Global Select Market).
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
     
Class
 
Outstanding at May 14, 2010
 
Ordinary Shares, No Par Value
  814,611,688
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
     
Document
 
Parts into Which Incorporated
 
Proxy Statement to be delivered to shareholders in connection with the Registrant’s 2010 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders   Part II — “Securities Authorized For Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans” and Part III
 


 

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
             
        Page
 
    Forward-Looking Statements     3  
  Business     3  
  Risk Factors     13  
  Unresolved Staff Comments     24  
  Properties     24  
  Legal Proceedings     24  
  (Removed and Reserved)     24  
  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     25  
  Selected Financial Data     28  
  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     29  
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     44  
  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     46  
  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     91  
  Controls and Procedures     91  
  Other Information     93  
  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance     93  
  Executive Compensation     93  
  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters     93  
  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence     93  
  Principal Accountant Fees and Services     93  
  Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules     94  
  Signatures
 EX-21.01
 EX-23.01
 EX-31.01
 EX-31.02
 EX-32.01
 EX-32.02
 EX-101 INSTANCE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 SCHEMA DOCUMENT
 EX-101 CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 LABELS LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT


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PART I
 
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
Unless otherwise specifically stated, references in this report to “Flextronics,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms mean Flextronics International Ltd. and its subsidiaries.
 
Except for historical information contained herein, certain matters included in this annual report on Form 10-K are, or may be deemed to be forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933. The words “will,” “may,” “designed to,” “believe,” “should,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this annual report. These forward-looking statements are contained principally under Item 1, “Business,” and under Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Because these forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, actual results could differ materially from the expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements include those described in Item 1A, “Risk Factors” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” In addition, new risks emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all such risk factors or to assess the impact of such risk factors on our business. Given these risks and uncertainties, the reader should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.
 
ITEM 1.   BUSINESS
 
OVERVIEW
 
We are a leading global provider of vertically-integrated advanced design and electronics manufacturing services (“EMS”) to original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) in the following markets:
 
  •  Infrastructure, which includes networking, telecom infrastructure, communications and smart grid equipment, such as base stations, core routers and switches, optical and optical network terminal equipment, and connected home products, such as wireless routers, set-top boxes, and DSL/cable modems and metering devices;
 
  •  Mobile communication devices, which includes handsets operating on a number of different platforms such as GSM, CDMA, TDMA and WCDMA;
 
  •  Computing, which includes products such as all-in-one PC desktops, notebook and netbook computers, enterprise storage devices and servers;
 
  •  Consumer digital devices, which includes products such as home entertainment equipment, game consoles, printers, copiers and cameras;
 
  •  Industrial, Semiconductor Capital Equipment, Clean Technology, Aerospace and Defense, and White Goods, which includes products such as home appliances, industrial meters, in-flight entertainment, robotics, bar code readers, self-service kiosks, solar and wind energy market equipment and test equipment;
 
  •  Automotive and Marine, which includes products such as navigation instruments, radar components, and instrument panel and radio components; and
 
  •  Medical devices, which includes products such as drug delivery, diagnostic, telemedicine and disposable medical devices.
 
We are one of the world’s largest EMS providers, with revenue of $24.1 billion in fiscal year 2010. As of March 31, 2010, our total manufacturing capacity was approximately 26.6 million square feet. We help customers design, build, ship and service electronics products through a network of facilities in 30 countries across four continents. In fiscal year 2010, our sales in Asia, the Americas and Europe represented 48%, 33% and 19% of our total net sales, respectively, based on the location of the manufacturing site. We have established an extensive


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network of manufacturing facilities in the world’s major electronics markets (Asia, the Americas and Europe) in order to serve the outsourcing needs of both multinational and regional OEMs.
 
Our portfolio of customers consists of many of the technology industry’s leaders, including Alcatel-Lucent, Applied Materials, Cisco Systems, Dell, Ericsson, Hewlett-Packard, Huawei, Johnson and Johnson, Lenovo, Microsoft, Oracle (Sun Microsystems), Research in Motion, Sony and Xerox.
 
We are a globally-recognized leading provider of end-to-end, vertically-integrated global supply chain services through which we design, build, ship and service a complete packaged product for our customers worldwide. These vertically-integrated services increase customer competitiveness by delivering improved product quality, leading manufacturability, improved performance, faster time-to-market and reduced costs. Our OEM customers leverage our services to meet their requirements throughout their products’ entire life cycles. The services we offer across all the markets we serve include:
 
  •  Design and Engineering Services;
 
  •  Original Design Manufacturing (“ODM”) Services;
 
  •  Components Design and Manufacturing;
 
  •  Systems Assembly and Manufacturing;
 
  •  Printed Circuit Board and Flexible Circuit Fabrication;
 
  •  Logistics; and
 
  •  After Sales Services.
 
We believe that the combination of our extensive design and engineering services, significant scale and global presence, vertically-integrated end-to-end services, advanced supply chain management, industrial campuses in low-cost geographic areas and operational track record provide us with a competitive advantage in the market for designing, manufacturing and servicing electronics products for leading multinational and regional OEMs. Through these services and facilities, we offer our OEM customers the ability to simplify their global product development, their manufacturing process, and their after sales services, and enable them to achieve meaningful time to market and cost savings.
 
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
 
Historically, the EMS industry experienced significant change and growth as an increasing number of companies elected to outsource some or all of their design, manufacturing, and distribution requirements. Following the 2001 – 2002 technology downturn, we saw an increase in penetration of global OEM manufacturing requirements as more and more OEMs pursued the benefits of outsourcing rather than internal manufacturing. Due to the global economic crisis, which began in late calendar year 2007 and continued through the end of our fiscal year 2010, many of our OEM customers reduced their manufacturing and supply chain outsourcing which negatively impacted our business. Beginning in the second half of our fiscal year 2010, we began seeing some positive signs that demand for our OEM customers’ end products was improving.
 
We believe the long-term, future growth prospects for outsourcing of advanced manufacturing capabilities, design and engineering services, component and product solutions, and after-market services remain strong. The total available market for outsourcing electronics manufacturing services continues to offer opportunities for growth with current penetration rates estimated to be less than 25%. The intensely competitive nature of the electronics industry, the continually increasing complexity and sophistication of electronics products, pressure on OEMs to reduce product costs, and shorter product life cycles encourage OEMs to utilize broad service EMS providers as part of their business and manufacturing strategies. Utilizing EMS providers allows OEMs to take advantage of the global design, manufacturing and supply chain management expertise of EMS providers, and


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enables OEMs to concentrate on product research, development, marketing and sales. We believe that OEMs realize the following benefits through their strategic relationships with EMS providers:
 
  •  Reduced production costs;
 
  •  Reduced design and development costs and lead time;
 
  •  Accelerated time-to-market and time-to-volume production;
 
  •  Reduced capital investment requirements and fixed costs;
 
  •  Improved inventory management and purchasing power;
 
  •  Access to worldwide design, engineering, manufacturing, and after-market service capabilities; and
 
  •  Ability to focus on core branding and R&D initiatives.
 
We believe that growth in the EMS industry will be driven largely by the needs of OEMs to respond to rapidly changing markets and technologies and to reduce product costs. Additionally, we believe that there are significant opportunities for EMS providers to win additional business from OEMs in certain markets or industry segments that have yet to substantially utilize EMS providers.
 
SERVICE OFFERINGS
 
We offer a broad range of customer-tailored, vertically-integrated services to OEMs. We believe that Flextronics has the broadest worldwide capabilities in the EMS industry, from design resources to end-to-end, vertically-integrated, global supply chain services. We believe a key competitive advantage is our ability to provide more value and innovation to our customers because we offer both global economies of scale in procurement, manufacturing, and after-market services, as well as market-focused expertise and capabilities in design, engineering and ODM services. As a result of our focus on specific markets, we believe we are able to better understand complex market dynamics and anticipate trends that impact our OEM customers’ businesses, and can help improve our OEM customers’ market positioning by effectively adjusting product plans and roadmaps to deliver low-cost, high quality products and meet their time-to-market requirements. Our vertically-integrated services allow us to design, build, ship and service a complete packaged product to our OEM customers. These services include:
 
Design and Engineering Services.  We offer a comprehensive range of value-added design and engineering services that are tailored to the various markets and needs of our customers. These services can be delivered by three primary business models:
 
  •  Contract Design Services (“CDS”), where the customer purchases engineering and development services on a time and materials basis;
 
  •  Joint Development Manufacturing (“JDM”) services, where Flextronics’s engineering and development teams work jointly with our customers’ teams to ensure product development integrity, seamless manufacturing handoffs, and faster time to market; and
 
  •  Original Design and Manufacturing (“ODM”) services, where the customer purchases a product that we design, develop and manufacture. ODM products are then sold by our OEM customers under the OEMs’ brand names. We have provided ODM services in various markets including Computing, Industrial, Automotive, Medical, and Infrastructure.
 
Our design and engineering services are provided by our global, market-based engineering teams and cover a broad range of technical competencies:
 
  •  System Architecture, User Interface and Industrial Design:  We help our customers design and develop innovative and cost-effective products that address the needs of the user and the market. These services include product definition, analysis and optimization of performance and functional requirements, 2-D sketch level drawings, 3-D mock-ups and proofs of concept, interaction and interface models, detailed hard models and product packaging.


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  •  Mechanical Engineering, Technology, Enclosure Systems, Thermal and Tooling Design:  We offer detailed mechanical, structural, and thermal design solutions for enclosures that encompass a wide range of plastic, metal and other material technologies. These capabilities and technologies are increasingly important to our customers’ product differentiation goals and are increasingly required to be successful in today’s competitive marketplace. Additionally, we provide design and development services for prototype and production tooling equipment used in manufacturing.
 
  •  Electronic System Design:  We provide complete electrical and hardware design for products ranging in size from small handheld consumer devices to large high-speed, carrier-grade, telecommunications equipment, which includes embedded microprocessor, memory, digital signal processing design, high-speed digital interfaces, analog circuit design, power management solutions, wired and wireless communication protocols, display imaging, audio/video, and radio frequency (“RF”) system and antenna design.
 
  •  DFM Reliability and Failure Analysis:  We provide comprehensive design for manufacturing, test, and reliability services using robust tools and databases that have been developed internally. These services are important in achieving our customers time to revenue goals and leveraging our core manufacturing competencies.
 
  •  Component Level Development Engineering:  We have developed substantial engineering competencies for product development and lifecycle management in support of various component technologies. These components also form a key part of our vertical integration strategy and currently include power supplies and power solutions, LCD and Touch Interface Modules, Camera Modules, and PCB and Interconnection Technologies, both rigid and flexible.
 
Systems Assembly and Manufacturing.  Our assembly and manufacturing operations, which generate the majority of our revenues, include printed circuit board assembly and assembly of systems and subsystems that incorporate printed circuit boards and complex electromechanical components. We often assemble electronics products with our proprietary printed circuit boards and custom electronic enclosures on either a build-to-order or configure-to-order basis. In these operations, we employ just-in-time, ship-to-stock and ship-to-line programs, continuous flow manufacturing, demand flow processes, and statistical process controls. As OEMs seek to provide greater functionality in smaller products, they increasingly require more sophisticated manufacturing technologies and processes. Our investment in advanced manufacturing equipment and our experience and expertise in innovative miniaturization, packaging and interconnect technologies, enables us to offer a variety of advanced manufacturing solutions. We support a wide range of product demand profiles, from low – volume, high- complexity programs to high-volume production. Continuous focus on lean manufacturing allows us to increase our efficiency and flexibility to meet our customers dynamic requirements. Our systems assembly and manufacturing expertise includes the following:
 
  •  Enclosures.  We offer a comprehensive set of custom electronics enclosures and related products and services worldwide. Our services include the design, manufacture and integration of electronics packaging systems, including custom enclosure systems, power and thermal subsystems, interconnect subsystems, cabling and cases. In addition to standard sheet metal and plastic fabrication services, we assist in the design of electronics packaging systems that protect sensitive electronics and enhance functionality. Our enclosure design services focus on functionality, manufacturability and testing. These services are integrated with our other assembly and manufacturing services to provide our customers with overall improved supply chain management.
 
  •  Testing Services.  We also offer computer-aided testing services for assembled printed circuit boards, systems and subsystems. These services significantly improve our ability to deliver high-quality products on a consistent basis. Our test services include management defect analysis, in-circuit testing and functional testing as well as environmental stress tests of board and system assemblies. We offer design for test, design for manufacturing and design for environment services to our customers to jointly improve customer product design and manufacturing.
 
  •  Materials Procurement and Inventory Management.  Our manufacturing and assembly operations capitalize on our materials inventory management expertise and volume procurement capabilities. As a


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  result, we believe that we are able to achieve highly competitive cost reductions and reduce total manufacturing cycle time for our OEM customers. Materials procurement and management consist of the planning, purchasing, expediting and warehousing of components and materials used in the manufacturing process. In addition, our strategy includes having third-party suppliers of custom components located in our industrial parks to reduce material and transportation costs, simplify logistics and facilitate inventory management. We also use a sophisticated automated manufacturing resources planning system and enhanced electronic data interchange capabilities to ensure inventory control and optimization. Through our manufacturing resources planning system, we have real-time visibility of material availability and tracking of work in process. We utilize electronic data interchange with our customers and suppliers to implement a variety of supply chain management programs. Electronic data interchange allows customers to share demand and product forecasts and deliver purchase orders and assists suppliers with satisfying just-in-time delivery and supplier-managed inventory requirements. This enables us to implement vendor managed inventory solutions to increase flexibility and reduce overall capital allocation in the supply chain.
 
Component businesses.  The Company offers a variety of component product solutions including:
 
  •  Printed Circuit Board (“PCB”) and Flexible Circuit Fabrication.  Printed circuit boards are platforms composed of laminated materials that provide the interconnection for integrated circuits, passive and other electronic components and thus are at the heart of most every electrical system. They are formed out of laminated, flame retardant and multi-layered epoxy resin systems with very fine traces and spaces and plated holes (called vias), which interconnect the different layers to an extreme dense circuitry network that carries the integrated circuits and electrical signals. Semiconductor designs are currently so complex that they often require printed circuit boards with multiple layers of narrow, densely spaced wiring or flexible circuits. As semiconductor designs become more and more complex and signal speeds increase, there is an increased demand on printed circuit board integration density requiring higher layer counts, finer lines, smaller vias (microvias) and base materials with electrically very low loss characteristics. The manufacture of these complex multilayer interconnect and flexible circuit products often requires the use of sophisticated circuit interconnections between layers, and adherence to strict electrical characteristics to maintain consistent circuit transmission speeds. The global demand for wireless devices and the complexity of wireless products are driving the demand for more flexible printed circuits. Flexible circuit board facilitates a reduction in the weight of a finished electronic product and allows the designer to use the third dimension in designing new products or product features. Flexible circuits have become a very attractive design alternative for many new and emerging application spaces such as automotive rear LED lightning, tablet computers, camera modules and miniaturized radio frequency identification tags or smart cards. We are an industry leader in high-density interconnect with our ELIC (Every Layer Inter Connect) technology, which is used in cell phone designs, and multilayer which is used in advanced routers, computers, communication equipment, and flexible printed circuit boards and flexible circuit assemblies. We manufacture printed circuit boards on a low-volume, quick-turn basis, as well as on a high-volume production basis. We provide quick-turn prototype services that allow us to provide small test quantities to meet the needs of customers’ product development groups in as little as 48 hours. Our extensive range of services enables us to respond to our customers’ demands for an accelerated transition from prototype to volume production. We offer a one stop solution from design to manufacturing of PCB, flexible circuits and rigid flex circuits and sub-assemblies. We have printed circuit board service capabilities in North America, South America, Europe and Asia, and flexible circuit fabrication service capabilities in North America and Asia.
 
  •  Display & Touch Solutions.  Our Display group is a product-driven organization focused on designing and manufacturing complete “Display and Touch” products for our OEM customers. Our display platforms are based on two technologies. The first employs liquid crystal material sandwiched between two layers of glass to polarize light and provide a backlight system and color via a filter. The second technology, named bi-stable display technology, is based on E-Ink material. Display requirements are becoming more and more complex due to market demands for thinner product, and higher performance requirements, including brightness, more efficient power consumption, viewing angle, greater density of pixel per area, range of operating temperature, lower cost and smaller width for non-active borders as well as long life time support


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  for specific markets. With our advanced design and manufacturing capabilities, we are a market leader in satisfying these requirements. We can support small and medium size form factors, provide high-end and highly customized displays and have developed strategic partnerships with critical supply chain companies.
 
  •  Optomechatronics (Camera Modules):  Our Optomechatronics group designs and manufacturers products that combine optical, mechanical and electrical subsystems such as miniaturized camera modules for mobile phone and notebook PC applications. Our capabilities include system engineering, lens and optical system design and manufacturing, and ultra-compact semiconductor packaging. We actively develop and invest in key technologies for next generation products such as micro electro mechanical systems for autofocus drive and actuation applications. Building on our success in the mobile camera module space, we are actively developing new product designs in adjacent imaging markets including gaming and projection applications.
 
  •  Power Supplies:  We have a full service power supply business (“Flex Power”) specializing in high efficiency and high density power supplies ranging from 1 to 3,000 watts. The product portfolio spans the mobile phone, printer, mobile desktop, notebook and netbook markets along with the server and storage markets. The products are fully compliant with Climate Saver and Energy Star industry requirements that drive efficiency specifications in the industry. Customers typically engage with Flex Power due to our technological innovation, which brings about competitive pricing and smaller physical size coupled with our unique platform development approach, which accelerate a product’s time to market.
 
Logistics.  Flextronics Global Services is a provider of after market supply chain logistics services. Our comprehensive suite of services serve customers operating in the computing, consumer digital, infrastructure, industrial, mobile and medical markets. Our expansive global infrastructure consists of 25 sites and more than 14,000 employees strategically located throughout the Americas, Europe and Asia. By leveraging our operational infrastructure, supply chain network, and IT systems, we have the capability of offering globally consistent logistics solutions for our customers’ brands. By linking the flow of information from the supply chains, we create supply chain efficiencies delivering value to our customers. We provide multiple logistics solutions including supplier managed inventory, inbound freight management, product postponement, build/configure to order, order fulfillment and distribution, and supply chain network design.
 
Reverse Logistics & Repair Services.  We offer a suite of integrated reverse logistics and repair solutions that are operated on globally consistent processes, which help our customers protect their brand loyalty in the marketplace by improving turnaround times and end-customer satisfaction levels. Our objective is to maintain maximum asset value retention of our customers’ products throughout their product life cycle while simultaneously minimizing non-value repair inventory levels and handling in the supply chain. With our suite of end-to-end solutions, we can effectively manage our customers’ reverse logistics requirements while also providing critical feedback of data to their supply chain constituents while delivering continuous improvement and efficiencies for both existing and new generation products. Our reverse logistics and repair solutions include returns management, exchange programs, complex repair, asset recovery, recycling and e-waste management. We provide repair expertise to multiple product lines such as consumer and midrange products, printers, PDA’s, mobile phones, consumer medical devices, notebooks, PC’s, set-top boxes, game consoles and highly complex infrastructure products. With our service parts logistics business, we manage all of the logistics and restocking processes essential to the efficient operation of repair and refurbishment services.
 
Additionally, our after-sales services include our Retail Technical Services (“RTS”) business. This business provides end user technical support in a number of market sectors, including consumer electronics, small to medium size business, computing, and mobile technology. RTS offers end-to-end integrated service solutions through various venues, such as in home, in office, retail location, and via remote session. Services offered include diagnosis, repair, configuration, integration, and installation services. We believe that these offerings improve our customers’ competiveness by decreasing product returns, lowering total cost of ownership, improving end-user experience with products and increasing end-customer retention.
 
STRATEGY
 
Our strategy is to grow our business and enhance profitability by using our market-focused expertise and capabilities and our global economies of scale to offer the most competitive, vertically-integrated, global supply


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chain services to our customers. To achieve this goal, we continue to enhance our global customer focused capabilities through the following:
 
Market-Focused Approach.  We continue to refine our market-focused expertise and capabilities to ensure that we can make fast, flexible decisions in response to changing market conditions. By focusing our resources on serving specific markets and sub sectors, we are able to better understand and adapt to complex market dynamics and anticipate trends that impact our OEM customers’ businesses. We can help improve our customers’ market positioning by effectively adjusting product plans and roadmaps, and business requirements to deliver optimum cost, high quality products, services and solutions and meet their time-to-market requirements.
 
Global Manufacturing Capabilities and Vertically-Integrated Service Offering.  One of our core strategies is to optimize and leverage our global manufacturing capabilities and vertically-integrated services and solutions to meet our customers’ requirements and expand into new markets. Through both internal development and synergistic acquisitions, we enhance our competitive position as a leading provider of comprehensive outsourcing solutions and services and are able to capture a larger portion of our customers end-to-end supply chain requirements. We will continue to selectively pursue strategic opportunities that we believe will further enhance our business objectives and create additional shareholder value.
 
Focused Design and Engineering Capabilities.  We employ focused design and engineering resources as part of our strategy to offer services that help our OEM customers achieve time-to-market and cost savings for their products. We believe that our enhanced design offerings provide a unique market differentiator that allows us to provide a full suite of complementary design services to our customers.
 
Capitalize on Our Industrial Park Concept.  Our industrial parks are self-contained campuses where we co-locate our manufacturing, components, and logistics operations with certain strategic suppliers in low-cost regions around the world. These industrial parks allow us to minimize logistics, distribution and transportation costs throughout the supply chain and reduce manufacturing cycle time by reducing distribution barriers, improving communications, increasing flexibility and reducing turnaround times. We intend to continue to capitalize on these industrial parks as part of our strategy to offer our customers cost competitive solutions and flexible just-in-time delivery programs.
 
Streamline Business Processes Through Information Technologies.  We use a sophisticated automated manufacturing resources planning system and enhanced business-to-business data interchange capabilities to ensure inventory control and optimization. We streamline business processes by using these information technology tools to improve order placement, tracking and fulfillment. We are also able to provide our customers with online access to product design and manufacturing process information. We continually enhance our information technology systems to support business growth, and intend to continue to drive our strategy of streamlining business processes through the use of information technologies. We will continue to offer our customers a comprehensive solution to improve their communications across their supply chain and enable them to be more responsive to market demands.
 
COMPETITIVE STRENGTHS
 
We continue to enhance our business through the development and broadening of our product and service offerings. Our focus is to be a flexible organization with repeatable execution, that adapts to macroeconomic changes, and creates value which increases our customers’ competitiveness. We have concentrated our strategy on market-focused expertise, capabilities, services and our vertically-integrated, global supply chain services. We believe that the following capabilities differentiate us from our competitors and enable us to better serve our customers’ requirements:
 
Geographic, Customer and End Market Diversification.  We believe that we have created a well-diversified and balanced company. We have diversified our business across multiple end markets, significantly expanding our available market. The world is undergoing change and macroeconomic disruptions that has lead to demand shifts and realignments. We believe that we are well positioned through our market diversification to grow in excess of the industry average and successfully navigate through difficult economic climates. Our


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broad geographic footprint and experience with multiple types and complexity levels of products provides us a significant competitive advantage. We continually look for new ways to diversify our offering within each market segment. We have reduced the concentration of sales to our ten largest customers to 47% of net sales in fiscal year 2010 from 55% of net sales in fiscal year 2008.
 
Significant Scale and Global Integrated System.  We believe that scale is a significant competitive advantage, as our customers’ solutions increasingly require cost structures and capabilities that can only be achieved through size and global reach. We are a leader in global procurement, purchasing approximately $19.0 billion of material during our fiscal year ended March 31, 2010. As a result, we are able to use our worldwide supplier relationships to achieve advantageous pricing and supply chain flexibility for our OEM customers.
 
We have established an extensive, integrated network of design, manufacturing and logistics facilities in the world’s major electronics markets to serve the outsourcing needs of both multinational and regional OEMs. Our extensive global network of facilities in 30 countries with approximately 165,000 employees gives us the ability to increase the competitiveness of our customers by simplifying their global product development processes while also delivering improved product quality with improved performance and accelerated time to market. Operating and executing this complex worldwide solutions system is a competitive advantage.
 
Extensive Design and Engineering Capabilities.  We have an industry leading global design service offering with extensive product design engineering resources that provide global design services, products, and solutions to satisfy a wide array of customer requirements across all of our key markets. We combine our design and manufacturing offering services to provide end-to-end customized solutions that include services from design layout, through product industrialization and product development, including the manufacture of vertically-integrated components (such as camera modules) and complete products (such as cellular phones), which are then sold by our OEM customers under the OEMs’ brand names.
 
Vertically-Integrated End-to-End Solution.  We offer a comprehensive range of worldwide supply chain services that simplify and improve the global product development process and provide meaningful time and cost savings to our OEM customers. Our broad based, vertically-integrated, end-to-end services enable us to cost effectively design, build, ship and service a complete packaged product. We believe that our vertically-integrated capabilities also help our customers improve product quality, manufacturability and performance, and reduce costs. We have expanded and enhanced our vertically-integrated service offering by adding capabilities in machining, flexible printed circuit boards, and power supplies, as well as by introducing new vertically-integrated capabilities in areas such as solar equipment, large format stamping and chargers.
 
Industrial Parks; Low-Cost Manufacturing Services.  We have developed self-contained campuses that co-locate our manufacturing and logistics operations with our suppliers at a single, low-cost location. These industrial parks enhance our total supply chain management, while providing a low-cost, multi-technology solution for our customers. This approach increases the competitiveness of our customers by reducing logistical barriers and costs, improving communications, increasing flexibility, lowering transportation costs and reducing turnaround times. We have strategically established our large industrial parks in Brazil, China, Hungary, India, Malaysia, Mexico and Poland.
 
In addition, we have other regional manufacturing operations situated in low-cost regions of the world to provide our customers with a wide array of manufacturing solutions and low manufacturing costs. As of March 31, 2010, approximately 76% of our manufacturing capacity was located in low-cost locations, such as Brazil, China, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Romania, Singapore, Slovakia and Ukraine. We believe we are a global industry leader in low-cost production capabilities.
 
Long-Standing Customer Relationships.  We believe that maintaining our long-term relationships with key customers is a critical requirement for maintaining our market position, growth and profitability. We believe that our ability to maintain and grow these customer relationships results from our ability to continuously create value that increases our customers’ competitiveness. We achieve this through our broad range of vertically-integrated service offerings and solutions, and our market-focused approach, which allows us to provide innovative thinking to all of the manufacturing and related services that we provide to our


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customers. We continue to receive numerous service and quality awards that further validate the success of these programs.
 
CUSTOMERS
 
Our customers include many of the world’s leading technology companies. We have focused on establishing long-term relationships with our customers and have been successful in expanding our relationships to incorporate additional product lines and services. In fiscal year 2010, our ten largest customers accounted for approximately 47% of net sales. Our largest customer during fiscal year 2010 was Hewlett-Packard, which accounted for more than 10% of net sales. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales in fiscal year 2010.
 
The following table lists in alphabetical order a representative sample of our largest customers in fiscal year 2010 and the products of those customers for which we provide EMS services:
 
     
Customer   End Products
 
Alcatel-Lucent
  Business telecommunications systems and core routers and switches
Cisco
  Wireless and enterprise telecommunications infrastructure
Dell
  Desktop and notebook computers and servers
Ericsson
  Business telecommunications systems and GSM infrastructure
Hewlett-Packard
  Notebook and netbook computers, inkjet printers and storage devices
Huawei
  Wireless and enterprise telecommunications infrastructure and mobile phones
Lenovo
  All-in-one desktop, desktop and notebook computers
Microsoft
  Computer peripherals and consumer electronics gaming products
Oracle (Sun Microsystems)
  Enterprise computing and storage products
Research in Motion
  Smartphones and other mobile communication devices
Xerox
  Office equipment and components
 
BACKLOG
 
Although we obtain firm purchase orders from our customers, OEM customers typically do not make firm orders for delivery of products more than 30 to 90 days in advance. In addition, OEM customers may reschedule or cancel firm orders based upon contractual arrangements. Therefore, we do not believe that the backlog of expected product sales covered by firm purchase orders is a meaningful measure of future sales.
 
COMPETITION
 
The EMS market is extremely competitive and includes many companies, several of which have achieved substantial market share. We compete against numerous domestic and foreign EMS providers, as well as our current and prospective customers, who evaluate our capabilities in light of their own capabilities and cost structures. We face particular competition from Asian based competitors, including Taiwanese ODM suppliers who compete in a variety of our end markets and have a substantial share of global information technology hardware production.
 
We compete with different companies depending on the type of service we are providing or the geographic area in which an activity takes place. We believe that the principal competitive factors in the EMS market are: quality and range of services; design and technological capabilities; cost; location of facilities; responsiveness and flexibility.


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SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
 
Our corporate social responsibility practices focus on global human rights, global environmental conditions, business ethics, and the health and safety of all stakeholders. We do this with controlled business processes, thus ensuring that our business is conducted in a manner that goes beyond compliance alone. We implement programs, including compliance audits and compliance capability building programs, that focus on driving continuous improvements in social, ethical, and environmental compliance throughout all of our global operating units in accordance with our Code of Conduct. As a guide to achieve this end, Flextronics looks at principles, policies, and standards as prescribed by the Electronics Industry Citizenship Coalition (“EICC”), a worldwide association of electronics companies committed to promoting an industry code of conduct for global electronics supply chains to improve working and environmental conditions. Flextronics is a founding member of the EICC coalition.
 
Being a good corporate citizen does not mean that we should merely conform to the standards. We extend beyond meeting responsibilities by offering a wide range of programs and initiatives that engage our internal and external communities. At the heart of this endeavor lies our pragmatic goal of creating a difference to the people in the community in which we operate. We intend to continue to invest in these global communities through grant-making, financial contributions, volunteer work, support programs and by donating resources.
 
EMPLOYEES
 
As of March 31, 2010, our global workforce totaled approximately 165,000 employees. In certain international locations, our employees are represented by labor unions and by work councils. We have never experienced a significant work stoppage or strike, and we believe that our employee relations are good.
 
Our success depends to a large extent upon the continued services of key managerial and technical employees. The loss of such personnel could seriously harm our business, results of operations and business prospects. To date, we have not experienced significant difficulties in attracting or retaining such personnel.
 
ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION
 
Our operations are regulated under various federal, state, local and international laws governing the environment, including laws governing the discharge of pollutants into the air and water, the management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes and the cleanup of contaminated sites. We have infrastructures in place to ensure that our operations are in compliance with all applicable environmental regulations. We do not believe that costs of compliance with these laws and regulations will have a material adverse effect on our capital expenditures, operating results, or competitive position. In addition, we are responsible for cleanup of contamination at some of our current and former manufacturing facilities and at some third-party sites. We engage environmental consulting firms to assist us in the evaluation of environmental liabilities of our ongoing operations, historical disposal activities and closed sites in order to establish appropriate accruals in our financial statements. We determine the amount of our accruals for environmental matters by analyzing and estimating the range of possible costs in light of information currently available. The imposition of more stringent standards or requirements under environmental laws or regulations, the results of future testing and analysis undertaken by us at our operating facilities, or a determination that we are potentially responsible for the release of hazardous substances at other sites could result in expenditures in excess of amounts currently estimated to be required for such matters. While no material exposures have been identified to date that we are aware of, there can be no assurance that additional environmental matters will not arise in the future or that costs will not be incurred with respect to sites as to which no problem is currently known.
 
We are also required to comply with an increasing number of product environmental compliance regulations focused on the restriction of certain hazardous substances. For example, the electronics industry became subject to the European Union’s Restrictions on Hazardous Substances (“RoHS”), Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (“WEEE”) directives, the regulation EC 1907/2006 EU Directive REACH (Regulation, Evaluation, Authorization, and restriction of Chemicals), and China RoHS entitled, Management Methods for Controlling Pollution for Electronic Information Products (“EIPs”). Similar legislation has been or may be enacted in other jurisdictions, including in the United States. Our business requires close collaboration with our customers and suppliers to mitigate risk of non-compliance. We have developed rigorous risk mitigating compliance programs designed to


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meet the needs of our customers as well as the regulations. These programs vary from collecting compliance data from our suppliers to full laboratory testing, and we require our supply chain to comply. Non-compliance could potentially result in significant costs and/or penalties. RoHS and other similar legislation prohibits the use of lead, mercury and certain other specified substances in electronics products and WEEE requires EU importers and/or producers to assume responsibility for the collection, recycling and management of waste electronic products and components. In the case of WEEE, although the compliance responsibility rests primarily with the EU importers and/or producers rather than with EMS companies, OEMs may turn to EMS companies for assistance in meeting their WEEE obligations.
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
 
We own or license various United States and foreign patents relating to a variety of technologies. For certain of our proprietary processes, we rely on trade secret protection. We also have registered our corporate name and several other trademarks and service marks that we use in our business in the United States and other countries throughout the world. As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, the carrying value of our intellectual property was immaterial.
 
Although we believe that our intellectual property assets and licenses are sufficient for the operation of our business as we currently conduct it, we cannot assure you that third parties will not make infringement claims against us in the future. In addition, we are increasingly providing design and engineering services to our customers and designing and making our own products. As a consequence of these activities, we are required to address and allocate the ownership and responsibility for intellectual property in our customer relationships to a greater extent than in our manufacturing and assembly businesses. If a third party were to make an assertion regarding the ownership or right to use intellectual property, we could be required to either enter into licensing arrangements or to resolve the issue through litigation. Such license rights might not be available to us on commercially acceptable terms, if at all, and any such litigation might not be resolved in our favor. Additionally, litigation could be lengthy and costly and could materially harm our financial condition regardless of the outcome. We also could be required to incur substantial costs to redesign a product or re-perform design services.
 
FINANCIAL INFORMATION ABOUT GEOGRAPHIC AREAS
 
Refer to Note 14, “Segment Reporting,” to our Consolidated Financial Statements included under Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for financial information about our geographic areas.
 
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 
Our Internet address is http://www.flextronics.com. We make available through our Internet website the Company’s annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission.
 
We were incorporated in the Republic of Singapore in May 1990. Our principal corporate office is located at 2 Changi South Lane, Singapore 486123. Our U.S. corporate headquarters is located at 847 Gibraltar Drive, Milpitas, CA, 95035.
 
ITEM 1A.   RISK FACTORS
 
We depend on industries that continually produce technologically advanced products with short life cycles and our business would be adversely affected if our customers’ products are not successful or if our customers lose market share.
 
We derive our revenues from customers in the following product areas:
 
  •  Infrastructure, which includes networking, telecom infrastructure, communications and smart grid equipment, such as base stations, core routers and switches, optical and optical network terminal equipment, and connected home products, such as wireless routers, set-top boxes, DSL/cable modems and metering devices;


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  •  Mobile communication devices, which includes handsets operating on a number of different platforms such as GSM, CDMA, TDMA and WCDMA;
 
  •  Computing, which includes products such as all-in-one PC desktops, notebook and netbook computers, enterprise storage devices and servers;
 
  •  Consumer digital devices, which includes products such as home entertainment equipment, game consoles, printers, copiers and cameras;
 
  •  Industrial, Semiconductor Capital Equipment, Clean Technology, Aerospace and Defense, and White Goods, which includes products such as home appliances, industrial meters, in-flight entertainment, robotics, bar code readers, self-service kiosks, solar and wind energy market equipment and test equipment;
 
  •  Automotive and Marine, which includes products such as navigation instruments, radar components, and instrument panel and radio components; and
 
  •  Medical devices, which includes products such as drug delivery, diagnostic, telemedicine and disposable medical devices.
 
Factors affecting any of these industries in general, or our customers in particular, could seriously harm us. These factors include:
 
  •  rapid changes in technology, evolving industry standards and requirements for continuous improvement in products and services result in short product life cycles;
 
  •  demand for our customers’ products may be seasonal;
 
  •  our customers may fail to successfully market their products, and our customers’ products may fail to gain widespread commercial acceptance;
 
  •  our customers may experience dramatic market share shifts in demand which may cause them to exit the business; and
 
  •  there may be recessionary periods in our customers’ markets, such as the recent global economic downturn.
 
Our customers may cancel their orders, change production quantities or locations, or delay production, and the inherent difficulties involved in responding to these demands could harm our business.
 
As a provider of electronics design and manufacturing services and components, we must provide increasingly rapid product turnaround time for our customers. We generally do not obtain firm, long-term purchase commitments from our customers, and we often experience reduced lead times in customer orders which may be less than the lead time we require to procure necessary components and materials.
 
Cancellations, reductions or delays by a significant customer or by a group of customers have harmed, and may continue to harm, our results of operations by reducing the volumes of products we manufacture and deliver for these customers, by causing a delay in the repayment of our expenditures for inventory in preparation for customer orders and by lowering our asset utilization resulting in lower gross margins. Additionally, current and prospective customers continuously evaluate our capabilities against other providers as well as against the merits of manufacturing products themselves. Our business would be adversely affected if OEMs decide to perform these functions internally or transfer the business to another provider.
 
The short-term nature of our customers’ commitments and the rapid changes in demand for their products reduces our ability to accurately estimate the future requirements of our customers. This makes it difficult to schedule production and maximize utilization of our manufacturing capacity. In that regard, we must make significant decisions, including determining the levels of business that we will seek and accept, setting production schedules, making component procurement commitments, and allocating personnel and other resources, based on our estimates of our customers’ requirements.
 
On occasion, customers require rapid increases in production or require that manufacturing of their products be transitioned from one facility to another to achieve cost or other objectives. These demands stress our resources and


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reduce our margins. We may not have sufficient capacity at any given time to meet our customers’ demands, and transfers from one facility to another can result in inefficiencies and costs due to excess capacity in one facility and corresponding capacity constraints at another. Due to many of our costs and operating expenses being relatively fixed, customer order fluctuations, deferrals and transfers of demand from one facility to another, as described above, have had a material adverse effect on our operating results in the past, including the third and fourth quarters in fiscal 2009, and we may experience such effects in the future.
 
Our industry is extremely competitive; if we are not able to continue to provide competitive services, we may lose business.
 
We compete with a number of different companies, depending on the type of service we provide or the location of our operations. For example, we compete with major global EMS providers, other smaller EMS companies that have a regional or product-specific focus, and ODMs with respect to some of the services that we provide. We also compete with our current and prospective customers, who evaluate our capabilities in light of their own capabilities and cost structures. Our industry is extremely competitive, many of our competitors have achieved substantial market share and some may have lower cost structures or greater design, manufacturing, financial or other resources than we do. We face particular competition from Asian-based competitors, including Taiwanese ODM suppliers who compete in a variety of our end markets and have a substantial share of global information technology hardware production. If we are unable to provide comparable manufacturing services and improved products at lower cost than the other companies in our market, our net sales could decline.
 
The majority of our sales come from a small number of customers and a decline in sales to any of these customers could adversely affect our business.
 
Sales to our ten largest customers represent a significant percentage of our net sales. Our ten largest customers accounted for approximately 47%, 50% and 55% of net sales in fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Our largest customer during fiscal 2010 was Hewlett-Packard, which accounted for more than 10% of net sales. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales in fiscal year 2010. Our largest customer during fiscal years 2009 and 2008 was Sony-Ericsson, which accounted for more than 10% of net sales. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales in fiscal years 2009 or 2008. Our principal customers have varied from year to year. These customers may experience dramatic declines in their market shares or competitive position, due to economic or other forces, that may cause them to reduce their purchases from us or, in some cases, result in the termination of their relationship with us. Significant reductions in sales to any of these customers, or the loss of major customers, would materially harm our business. If we are not able to timely replace expired, canceled or reduced contracts with new business, our revenues could be harmed.
 
If we do not effectively manage changes in our operations, our business may be harmed; we have taken substantial restructuring charges in the past and we may need to take material restructuring charges in the future.
 
In recent years, we have experienced growth in our business through a combination of internal growth and acquisitions. However, our business also has been negatively impacted by the recent adverse global economic conditions. The expansion of our business, as well as business contractions and other changes in our customers’ requirements, have in the past, and may in the future, require that we adjust our business and cost structures, including by incurring restructuring charges. Restructuring activities involve reductions in our workforce at some locations and closure of certain facilities. All of these changes have in the past placed, and may in the future place, considerable strain on our management control systems and resources, including decision support, accounting management, information systems and facilities. If we do not properly manage our financial and management controls, reporting systems and procedures to manage our employees, our business could be harmed.
 
In recent years, we have undertaken initiatives to restructure our business operations through a series of restructuring activities, which were intended to realign our global capacity and infrastructure with demand by our OEM customers and thereby improve our operational efficiency. These activities included reducing excess workforce and capacity, transitioning manufacturing to lower-cost locations and eliminating redundant facilities, and consolidating and eliminating certain administrative facilities.


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We recognized restructuring charges of approximately $107.5 million, $179.8 million and $447.7 million in fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. We may be required to take additional charges in the future to align our operations and cost structures with global economic conditions, market demands, cost competitiveness, and our geographic footprint as it relates to our customers’ production requirements. We may consolidate certain manufacturing facilities or transfer certain of our operations to lower cost geographies. If we are required to take additional restructuring charges in the future, our operating results, financial condition, and cash flows could be adversely impacted. Additionally, there are other potential risks associated with our restructurings that could adversely affect us, such as delays encountered with the finalization and implementation of the restructuring activities, work stoppages, and the failure to achieve targeted cost savings.
 
Our components business is dependent on our ability to quickly launch world-class components products, and our investment in development, together with start-up and integration costs necessary to achieve quick launches of world-class components products, may adversely affect our margins and profitability.
 
Our components business, which includes PCB and flexible circuit fabrication, camera modules, power supplies and display and touch design manufacturing, is part of our strategy to improve our competitive position and to grow our future margins, profitability and shareholder returns by expanding our vertical-integration capabilities. The success of our components business is dependent on our ability to design and introduce world-class components that have performance characteristics which are suitable for a broad market and that offer significant price and/or performance advantages over competitive products.
 
To create these world class components offerings, we must continue to make substantial investments in the development of our components capabilities, in resources such as research and development, technology licensing, test and tooling equipment, facility expansions and personnel requirements. We may not be able to achieve or maintain market acceptance for any of our components offerings in any of our current or target markets. The success of our components business will also depend upon the level of market acceptance of our customers’ end products, which incorporate our components, and over which we have no control.
 
In addition, OEMs often require unique configurations or custom designs which must be developed and integrated in the OEM’s product well before the product is launched by the OEM. Thus, there is often substantial lead time between the commencement of design efforts for a customized component and the commencement of volume shipments of the component to the OEM. As a result, we may make substantial investments in the development and customization of products for our customers and no revenue may be generated from these efforts if our customers do not accept the customized component. Even if our customers accept the customized component, if our customers do not purchase anticipated levels of products, we may not realize any profits.
 
Our achievement of anticipated levels of profitability in our components business is also dependent on our ability to achieve commercially viable production yields and to manufacture components in commercial quantities to the performance specifications demanded by our OEM customers. As a result of these and other risks, we have been, and in the future may be, unable to achieve anticipated levels of profitability in our components business.
 
We may be adversely affected by shortages of required electronic components.
 
From time to time, we have experienced shortages of some of the electronic components that we use. These shortages can result from strong demand for those components or from problems experienced by suppliers. These unanticipated component shortages could result in curtailed production or delays in production, which may prevent us from making scheduled shipments to customers. Our inability to make scheduled shipments could cause us to experience a reduction in sales, increase in inventory levels and costs, and could adversely affect relationships with existing and prospective customers. Component shortages may also increase our cost of goods sold because we may be required to pay higher prices for components in short supply and redesign or reconfigure products to accommodate substitute components. As a result, component shortages could adversely affect our operating results. Our performance depends, in part, on our ability to incorporate changes in component costs into the selling prices for our products.
 
Component shortages impacted our results during the second half of fiscal year 2010. The supply constraints were broad based, but the impact was most evident with respect to connectors, capacitors, LCD panels and memory


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(both DRAM and Flash). We expect the challenging supply environment will persist during at least the first and possibly the second quarters of this fiscal year, and then to subside as new supply capacity becomes available.
 
Our supply chain may also be impacted by other events outside our control, including macroeconomic events, political crises or natural or environmental occurrences. For example, the recent volcanic activity in Iceland impacted air transportation throughout Europe, and disrupted our ability to procure components and to deliver products in the region.
 
Our substantial investments and start-up and integration costs in our design services business may adversely affect our margins and profitability.
 
As part of our strategy to enhance our vertically-integrated, end-to-end service offerings, we have expanded and continue to expand our design and engineering capabilities. Providing these services can expose us to different or greater potential risks than those we face when providing our manufacturing services.
 
Although we enter into contracts with our design services customers, we may design and develop products for these customers prior to receiving a purchase order or other firm commitment from them. We are required to make substantial investments in the resources necessary to design and develop these products, and no revenue may be generated from these efforts if our customers do not approve the designs in a timely manner or at all. Even if our customers accept our designs, if they do not then purchase anticipated levels of products, we may not realize any profits. Our design activities often require that we purchase inventory for initial production runs before we have a purchase commitment from a customer. Even after we have a contract with a customer with respect to a product, these contracts may allow the customer to delay or cancel deliveries and may not obligate the customer to any particular volume of purchases. These contracts can generally be terminated on short notice. In addition, some of the products we design and develop must satisfy safety and regulatory standards and some must receive government certifications. If we fail to obtain these approvals or certifications on a timely basis, we would be unable to sell these products, which would harm our sales, profitability and reputation.
 
Due to the increased risks associated with our design services offerings, we may not be able to achieve a high enough level of sales for this business, and the significant investments in research and development, technology licensing, test and tooling equipment, patent applications, facility expansion and recruitment that it requires, to be profitable. The initial costs of investing in the resources necessary to expand our design and engineering capabilities, and in particular to support our design services offerings, have historically adversely affected our profitability, and may continue to do so as we continue to make investments in these capabilities.
 
We may not meet regulatory quality standards applicable to our manufacturing and quality processes for medical devices, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
 
As a medical device manufacturer, we have additional compliance requirements. We are required to register with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) and are subject to periodic inspection by the FDA for compliance with the FDA’s Quality System Regulation (“QSR”) requirements, which require manufacturers of medical devices to adhere to certain regulations, including testing, quality control and documentation procedures. Compliance with applicable regulatory requirements is subject to continual review and is rigorously monitored through periodic inspections and product field monitoring by the FDA. If any FDA inspection reveals noncompliance with QSR or other FDA regulations, and the Company does not address the observation adequately to the satisfaction of the FDA, the FDA may take action against us. FDA actions may include issuing a letter of inspectional observations, issuing a warning letter, imposing fines, bringing an action against the Company and its officers, requiring a recall of the products we manufactured for our customers, issuing an import detention on products entering the U.S. from an offshore facility, or shutting down a manufacturing facility. If any of these actions were to occur, it would harm our reputation and cause our business to suffer.
 
In the European Union (“EU”), we are required to maintain certain standardized certifications in order to sell our products and must undergo periodic inspections to obtain and maintain these certifications. Continued noncompliance to the EU regulations could stop the flow of products into the EU from us or from our customers. In China, the Safe Food and Drug Administration controls and regulates the manufacture and commerce of


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healthcare products. We must comply with the regulatory laws applicable to medical device manufactures or our ability to manufacture products in China could be impacted. In Japan, the Pharmaceutical Affairs Laws regulate the manufacture and commerce of healthcare products. These regulations also require that subcontractors manufacturing products intended for sale in Japan register with authorities and submit to regulatory audits. Other Asian countries where we operate have similar laws regarding the regulation of medical device manufacturing.
 
We conduct operations in a number of countries and are subject to risks of international operations.
 
The distances between the Americas, Asia and Europe create a number of logistical and communications challenges for us. These challenges include managing operations across multiple time zones, directing the manufacture and delivery of products across distances, coordinating procurement of components and raw materials and their delivery to multiple locations, and coordinating the activities and decisions of the core management team, which is based in a number of different countries. Facilities in several different locations may be involved at different stages of the production of a single product, leading to additional logistical difficulties.
 
Because our manufacturing operations are located in a number of countries throughout the Americas, Asia and Europe, we are subject to the risks of changes in economic and political conditions in those countries, including:
 
  •  fluctuations in the value of local currencies;
 
  •  labor unrest, difficulties in staffing and geographic labor shortages;
 
  •  longer payment cycles;
 
  •  cultural differences;
 
  •  increases in duties and taxation levied on our products;
 
  •  imposition of restrictions on currency conversion or the transfer of funds;
 
  •  limitations on imports or exports of components or assembled products, or other travel restrictions;
 
  •  expropriation of private enterprises;
 
  •  exposure to infectious disease and epidemics; and
 
  •  a potential reversal of current favorable policies encouraging foreign investment or foreign trade by our host countries.
 
The attractiveness of our services to U.S. customers can be affected by changes in U.S. trade policies, such as most favored nation status and trade preferences for some Asian countries. In addition, some countries in which we operate, such as Brazil, Hungary, India, Mexico, Malaysia and Poland, have experienced periods of slow or negative growth, high inflation, significant currency devaluations or limited availability of foreign exchange. Furthermore, in countries such as China and Mexico, governmental authorities exercise significant influence over many aspects of the economy, and their actions could have a significant effect on us. Finally, we could be seriously harmed by inadequate infrastructure, including lack of adequate power and water supplies, transportation, raw materials and parts in countries in which we operate.
 
Operations in foreign countries also present risks associated with currency exchange and convertibility, inflation and repatriation of earnings. In some countries, economic and monetary conditions and other factors could affect our ability to convert our cash distributions to U.S. dollars or other freely convertible currencies, or to move funds from our accounts in these countries. Furthermore, the central bank of any of these countries may have the authority to suspend, restrict or otherwise impose conditions on foreign exchange transactions or to approve distributions to foreign investors.
 
Another significant legal risk resulting from our international operations is compliance with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, which prohibits covered companies from making payments to foreign government officials to assist in obtaining or retaining business. Our Code of Business Conduct prohibits us from offering or giving anything of value to a government official for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business, to win a business advantage or to improperly influence a decision regarding Flextronics. Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that


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all of our employees and agents will refrain from taking actions in violation of this and our related anti-corruption policies and procedures. Any such violation could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
We are subject to the risk of increased income taxes.
 
We have structured our operations in a manner designed to maximize income in countries where:
 
  •  tax incentives have been extended to encourage foreign investment; or
 
  •  income tax rates are low.
 
A number of countries in which we are located allow for tax holidays or provide other tax incentives to attract and retain business. Our taxes could increase if certain tax holidays or incentives are not renewed upon expiration, or if tax rates applicable to us in such jurisdictions are otherwise increased. For example, on March 16, 2007, the Chinese government passed a new unified enterprise income tax law which became effective on January 1, 2008. Among other things, the new law cancels many income tax incentives previously applicable to our subsidiaries in China. Under the new law, the tax rates applicable to the operations of most of our subsidiaries in China will be increased to 25%. The new law provides a transition rule which increases the tax rate to 25% over a 5-year period. The new law also increased the standard withholding rate on earnings distributions to between 5% and 10% depending on the residence of the shareholder. The ultimate effect of these and other changes in Chinese tax laws on our overall tax rate will be affected by, among other things, our China income, the manner in which China interprets, implements and applies the new tax provisions, and by our ability to qualify for any exceptions or new incentives.
 
In addition, the Company and its subsidiaries are regularly subject to tax return audits and examinations by various taxing jurisdictions in the United States and around the world. For example, an acquired subsidiary received an assessment pursuant to a Revenue Agent’s Report (“RAR”) from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) based on an examination of its federal income tax returns for fiscal years 2001 and 2002. The RAR is not a final Statutory Notice of Deficiency, and the acquired subsidiary filed a protest to certain of the proposed adjustments with the Appeals Office of the IRS.
 
In determining the adequacy of our provision for income taxes, we regularly assess the likelihood of adverse outcomes resulting from tax examinations. While it is often difficult to predict the final outcome or the timing of the resolution of a tax examination, we believe that our reserves for uncertain tax benefits reflect the outcome of tax positions that are more likely than not to occur. However, we cannot assure you that the final determination of any tax examinations will not be materially different than that which is reflected in our income tax provisions and accruals. Should additional taxes be assessed as a result of a current or future examination, there could be a material adverse effect on our tax provision, operating results, financial position and cash flows in the period or periods for which that determination is made.
 
The success of certain of our activities depends on our ability to protect our intellectual property rights; intellectual property infringement claims against our customers or us could harm our business.
 
We retain certain intellectual property rights to some of the technologies that we develop as part of our engineering, design and manufacturing services and components offerings. As the level of our engineering and design activities increases, the extent to which we rely on rights to intellectual property incorporated into products is increasing. The measures we have taken to prevent unauthorized use of our technology may not be successful. If we are unable to protect our intellectual property rights, this could reduce or eliminate the competitive advantages of our proprietary technology, which would harm our business.
 
Our engineering, design and manufacturing services and components offerings involve the creation and use of intellectual property rights, which subject us to the risk of claims of intellectual property infringement from third parties, as well as claims arising from the allocation of intellectual property rights among us and our customers. In addition, our customers may require that we indemnify them against the risk of intellectual property infringement. If any claims are brought against us or our customers for such infringement, whether or not these have merit, we could be required to expend significant resources in defense of such claims. In the event of such an infringement claim, we may be required to spend a significant amount of money to develop non-infringing alternatives or obtain licenses. We may not be successful in developing such alternatives or obtaining such licenses on reasonable terms or at all.


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If our products or components contain defects, demand for our services may decline and we may be exposed to product liability and product warranty liability.
 
Defects in the products we manufacture or design, whether caused by a design, engineering, manufacturing or component failure or deficiencies in our manufacturing processes, could result in product or component failures, which may damage our business reputation, and expose us to product liability or product warranty claims.
 
Product liability claims may include liability for personal injury or property damage. Product warranty claims may include liability to pay for the recall, repair or replacement of a product or component. Although we generally allocate liability for these claims in our contracts with our customers, even where we have allocated liability to our customers, our customers may not have the resources to, satisfy claims for costs or liabilities arising from a defective product or component for which they have assumed responsibility.
 
If we design, engineer or manufacture a product or component that is found to cause any personal injury or property damage or is otherwise found to be defective, we could spend a significant amount of money to resolve the claim. In addition, product liability and product recall insurance coverage are expensive and may not be available with respect to all of our services offerings on acceptable terms, in sufficient amounts, or at all. A successful product liability or product warranty claim in excess of our insurance coverage or any material claim for which insurance coverage is denied, limited or is not available could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
 
Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could increase our operating costs.
 
Our manufacturing operations and industrial parks are located in lower cost regions of the world, such as Asia, Eastern Europe and Mexico; however, most of our purchase and sale transactions are denominated in United States dollars, Japanese yen or euros. As a result, we are exposed to fluctuations in the functional currencies of our fixed cost overhead or our supply base relative to the currencies in which we conduct transactions.
 
Currency exchange rates fluctuate on a daily basis as a result of a number of factors, including changes in a country’s political and economic policies. Volatility in the functional and non-functional currencies of our entities and the United States dollar could seriously harm our business, operating results and financial condition. The primary impact of currency exchange fluctuations is on the cash, receivables, and payables of our operating entities. As part of our currency hedging strategy, we use financial instruments, primarily forward purchase and swap contracts, to hedge our United States dollar and other currency commitments in order to reduce the short-term impact of foreign currency fluctuations on current assets and liabilities. If our hedging activities are not successful or if we change or reduce these hedging activities in the future, we may experience significant unexpected expenses from fluctuations in exchange rates.
 
We are also exposed to risks related to the valuation of the Chinese currency relative to other foreign currencies. The Chinese currency is the renminbi (“RMB”). A significant increase in the value of the RMB could adversely affect our financial results and cash flows by increasing both our manufacturing costs and the costs of our local supply base.
 
We depend on our executive officers and skilled management personnel.
 
Our success depends to a large extent upon the continued services of our executive officers. Generally our employees are not bound by employment or non-competition agreements, and we cannot assure you that we will retain our executive officers and other key employees. We could be seriously harmed by the loss of any of our executive officers or other key employees. We will need to recruit and retain skilled management personnel and if we are not able to do so, our business could be harmed. In addition, in connection with expanding our design services offerings, we must attract and retain experienced design engineers. There is substantial competition in our industry for highly skilled employees. Our failure to recruit and retain experienced design engineers could limit the growth of our design services offerings, which could adversely affect our business.


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Our failure to comply with environmental laws could adversely affect our business.
 
We are subject to various federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws and regulations, including regulations governing the use, storage, discharge and disposal of hazardous substances used in our manufacturing processes. We are also subject to laws and regulations governing the recyclability of products, the materials that may be included in products, and our obligations to dispose of these products after end users have finished with them. Additionally, we may be exposed to liability to our customers relating to the materials that may be included in the components that we procure for our customers’ products. Any violation or alleged violation by us of environmental laws could subject us to significant costs, fines or other penalties.
 
We are also required to comply with an increasing number of product environmental compliance regulations focused on the restriction of certain hazardous substances. We are subject to the European Union (“EU”) directives, including the Restrictions on Hazardous Substances Directive (“RoHS”), the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (“WEEE”) as well as the EU’s Regulation, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals (“REACH”) regulation. Also of note is China’s Management Methods for Controlling Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products regulation, commonly referred to as “China RoHS”, which restricts the importation into and production within China of electrical equipment containing certain hazardous materials. Similar legislation has been or may be enacted in other jurisdictions, including in the United States. RoHS and other similar legislation prohibits the use of lead, mercury and certain other specified substances in electronics products and WEEE requires EU importers and/or producers to assume responsibility for the collection, recycling and management of waste electronic products and components. We have developed rigorous risk mitigating compliance programs designed to meet the needs of our customers as well as applicable regulations. These programs vary from collecting compliance data from our suppliers to full laboratory testing, and we require our supply chain to comply. Non-compliance could potentially result in significant costs and/or penalties. In the case of WEEE, the compliance responsibility rests primarily with the EU importers and/or producers rather than with EMS companies. However, OEMs may turn to EMS companies for assistance in meeting their obligations under WEEE.
 
In addition, we are responsible for cleanup of contamination at some of our current and former manufacturing facilities and at some third party sites. If more stringent compliance or cleanup standards under environmental laws or regulations are imposed, or the results of future testing and analyses at our current or former operating facilities indicate that we are responsible for the release of hazardous substances into the air, ground and/or water, we may be subject to additional liability. Additional environmental matters may arise in the future at sites where no problem is currently known or at sites that we may acquire in the future. Our failure to comply with environmental laws and regulations or adequately address contaminated sites could limit our ability to expand our facilities or could require us to incur significant expenses, which would harm our business.
 
Our business and operations could be adversely impacted by climate change initiatives.
 
Concern over climate change has led to international legislative and regulatory initiatives directed at limiting carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions. Proposed and existing efforts to address climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions could directly or indirectly affect our costs of energy, materials, manufacturing, distribution, packaging and other operating costs, which could impact our business and financial results.
 
Our operating results may fluctuate significantly due to seasonal demand.
 
Two of our significant end markets are the mobile devices market and the consumer devices market. These markets exhibit particular strength toward the end of the calendar year in connection with the holiday season. As a result, we have historically experienced stronger revenues in our third fiscal quarter as compared to our other fiscal quarters. Economic or other factors leading to diminished orders in the end of the calendar year could harm our business.
 
We may encounter difficulties with acquisitions, which could harm our business.
 
We have completed numerous acquisitions of businesses and we may acquire additional businesses in the future. Any future acquisitions may require additional equity financing, which could be dilutive to our existing shareholders, or additional debt financing, which could increase our leverage and potentially affect our credit ratings. Any downgrades in our credit ratings associated with an acquisition could adversely affect our ability to


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borrow by resulting in more restrictive borrowing terms. As a result of the foregoing, we also may not be able to complete acquisitions or strategic customer transactions in the future to the same extent as in the past, or at all.
 
To integrate acquired businesses, we must implement our management information systems, operating systems and internal controls, and assimilate and manage the personnel of the acquired operations. The difficulties of this integration may be further complicated by geographic distances. The integration of acquired businesses may not be successful and could result in disruption to other parts of our business. In addition, the integration of acquired businesses may require that we incur significant restructuring charges.
 
In addition, acquisitions involve numerous risks and challenges, including:
 
  •  diversion of management’s attention from the normal operation of our business;
 
  •  potential loss of key employees and customers of the acquired companies;
 
  •  difficulties managing and integrating operations in geographically dispersed locations;
 
  •  the potential for deficiencies in internal controls at acquired companies;
 
  •  increases in our expenses and working capital requirements, which reduce our return on invested capital;
 
  •  lack of experience operating in the geographic market or industry sector of the acquired business; and
 
  •  exposure to unanticipated liabilities of acquired companies.
 
These and other factors have harmed, and in the future could harm, our ability to achieve anticipated levels of profitability at acquired operations or realize other anticipated benefits of an acquisition, and could adversely affect our business and operating results.
 
Our strategic relationships with major customers create risks.
 
In the past, we have completed numerous strategic transactions with OEM customers. Under these arrangements, we generally acquire inventory, equipment and other assets from the OEM, and lease or acquire their manufacturing facilities, while simultaneously entering into multi-year supply agreements for the production of their products. We may pursue these OEM divestiture transactions in the future. These arrangements entered into with divesting OEMs typically involve many risks, including the following:
 
  •  we may need to pay a purchase price to the divesting OEMs that exceeds the value we ultimately may realize from the future business of the OEM;
 
  •  the integration of the acquired assets and facilities into our business may be time-consuming and costly, including the incurrence of restructuring charges;
 
  •  we, rather than the divesting OEM, bear the risk of excess capacity at the facility;
 
  •  we may not achieve anticipated cost reductions and efficiencies at the facility;
 
  •  we may be unable to meet the expectations of the OEM as to volume, product quality, timeliness and cost reductions;
 
  •  our supply agreements with the OEMs generally do not require any minimum volumes of purchase by the OEMs, and the actual volume of purchases may be less than anticipated; and
 
  •  if demand for the OEMs’ products declines, the OEM may reduce its volume of purchases, and we may not be able to sufficiently reduce the expenses of operating the facility or use the facility to provide services to other OEMs.
 
As a result of these and other risks, we have been, and in the future may be, unable to achieve anticipated levels of profitability under these arrangements. In addition, these strategic arrangements have not, and in the future may not, result in any material revenues or contribute positively to our earnings per share.
 
Our debt level may create limitations
 
As of March 31, 2010, our total debt was approximately $2.3 billion. This level of indebtedness could limit our flexibility as a result of debt service requirements and restrictive covenants, and may limit our ability to access additional capital or execute our business strategy.


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Weak global economic conditions and instability in financial markets may adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition and access to capital markets.
 
Our revenue and gross margin depend significantly on general economic conditions and the demand for products in the markets in which our customers compete. The recent financial crisis affecting the banking system and capital markets resulted in a tightening in the credit markets, a low level of liquidity in many financial markets and high volatility in credit, fixed income and equity markets. Longer term disruptions in the capital and credit markets could adversely affect our access to liquidity needed for our business. If financial institutions that have extended credit commitments to us are adversely affected by the conditions of the U.S. and international capital markets, they may become unable to fund borrowings under their credit commitments to us, which could have an adverse impact on our financial condition and our ability to borrow additional funds, if needed, for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, research and development and other corporate purposes.
 
Our exposure to financially troubled customers or suppliers may adversely affect our financial results.
 
We provide EMS services to companies and industries that have in the past, and may in the future, experience financial difficulty. If our customers experience financial difficulty, we could have difficulty recovering amounts owed to us from these customers, or demand for our products from these customers could decline. Additionally, if our suppliers experience financial difficulty we could have difficulty sourcing supply necessary to fulfill production requirements and meet scheduled shipments. If one or more of our customers were to become insolvent or otherwise were unable to pay for the services provided by us on a timely basis, or at all, our operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected. Such adverse effects could include one or more of the following: an increase in our provision for doubtful accounts, a charge for inventory write-offs, a reduction in revenue, and an increase in our working capital requirements due to higher inventory levels and increases in days our accounts receivable are outstanding.
 
It may be difficult for investors to effect services of process within the United States on us or to enforce civil liabilities under the federal securities laws of the United States against us.
 
We are incorporated in Singapore under the Companies Act, Chapter 50 of Singapore. Some of our officers reside outside the United States, and a substantial portion of our assets are located outside the United States. As a result, it may not be possible for investors to effect services of process upon us within the United States. Additionally, judgments obtained in U.S. courts based on the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws may not be enforceable against us. Judgments of U.S. courts based on the civil liability provisions of the federal securities laws of the United States are not directly enforceable in Singapore courts, and Singapore courts may not enter judgments in original actions brought in Singapore courts based solely upon the civil liability provisions of the federal securities laws of the United States.
 
The market price of our ordinary shares is volatile.
 
The stock market in recent years has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that have affected the market prices of companies, including technology companies. These fluctuations have often been unrelated to or disproportionately impacted by the operating performance of these companies. The market for our ordinary shares has been and may in the future be subject to similar volatility. Factors such as fluctuations in our operating results, announcements of technological innovations or events affecting other companies in the electronics industry, currency fluctuations, general market fluctuations, and macro economic conditions may cause the market price of our ordinary shares to decline.
 
We are subject to breach of our security systems.
 
We have implemented security systems with the intent of maintaining the physical security of our facilities and protecting our customers’ and our suppliers’ confidential information. Despite such efforts, we are subject to breach of security systems which may result in unauthorized access to our facilities and/or the information we are trying to protect. If unauthorized parties gain physical access to one of our facilities or electronic access to our information systems or such information is misdirected, lost or stolen during transmission or transport, any theft or misuse of such information could result in, among other things, unfavorable publicity, governmental inquiry and oversight, difficulty in marketing our services, allegations by our customers that we have not performed our contractual


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obligations, litigation by affected parties and possible financial obligations for damages related to the theft or misuse of such information, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our profitability and cash flow.
 
ITEM 1B.   UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
None.
 
ITEM 2.   PROPERTIES
 
Our facilities consist of a global network of industrial parks, regional manufacturing operations, and design, engineering and product introduction centers, providing over 26.6 million square feet of productive capacity as of March 31, 2010. We own facilities with approximately 10.2 million square feet in Asia, 3.4 million square feet in the Americas and 2.9 million square feet in Europe. We lease facilities with approximately 5.4 million square feet in Asia, 3.0 million square feet in the Americas and 1.7 million square feet in Europe.
 
Our facilities include large industrial parks, ranging in size from approximately 400,000 to 6.0 million square feet, in Brazil, China, Hungary, India, Malaysia, Mexico and Poland. We also have regional manufacturing operations, generally ranging in size from under 100,000 to approximately 1.0 million square feet, in Austria, Brazil, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Singapore, Slovakia, Sweden, Taiwan, Ukraine, United Kingdom and the United States. We also have smaller design and engineering centers and product introduction centers at a number of locations in the world’s major electronics markets.
 
Our facilities are well maintained and suitable for the operations conducted. The productive capacity of our plants is adequate for current needs.
 
ITEM 3.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
We are subject to legal proceedings, claims, and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. We defend ourselves vigorously against any such claims. Although the outcome of these matters is currently not determinable, management does not expect that the ultimate costs to resolve these matters will have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
 
ITEM 4.   (REMOVED AND RESERVED)


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PART II
 
 
ITEM 5.   MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED SHAREHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
PRICE RANGE OF ORDINARY SHARES
 
Our ordinary shares are quoted on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “FLEX.” The following table sets forth the high and low per share sales prices for our ordinary shares since the beginning of fiscal year 2009 as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market.
 
                 
 
  High   Low
 
Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2010
               
Fourth Quarter
  $ 8.23     $ 6.34  
Third Quarter
    7.85       6.43  
Second Quarter
    7.52       4.04  
First Quarter
    4.62       2.94  
Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2009
               
Fourth Quarter
  $ 3.23     $ 1.86  
Third Quarter
    7.08       1.60  
Second Quarter
    9.60       7.41  
First Quarter
    11.23       9.28  
 
As of May 14, 2010 there were 3,859 holders of record of our ordinary shares and the closing sales price of our ordinary shares as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market was $6.95 per share.
 
DIVIDENDS
 
Since inception, we have not declared or paid any cash dividends on our ordinary shares. The terms of our outstanding Senior Subordinated Notes currently restricts our ability to pay cash dividends. For more information, please see Note 4, “Bank Borrowings and Long-term Debt” to our consolidated financial statements included under Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”
 
SECURITIES AUTHORIZED FOR ISSUANCE UNDER EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS
 
Information with respect to this item may be found in our definitive proxy statement to be delivered to shareholders in connection with our 2010 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders. Such information is incorporated by reference.


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STOCK PRICE PERFORMANCE GRAPH
 
The following stock price performance graph and accompanying information is not deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC or subject to Regulation 14A under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, regardless of any general incorporation language in any such filing.
 
The graph below compares the cumulative total shareholder return on our ordinary shares, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index and a peer group comprised of Benchmark Electronics, Inc., Celestica, Inc., Jabil Circuit, Inc., and Sanmina-SCI Corporation.
 
The graph below assumes that $100 was invested in our ordinary shares, in the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index and in the peer group described above on March 31, 2005 and reflects the annual return through March 31, 2010, assuming dividend reinvestment.
 
The comparisons in the graph below are based on historical data and are not indicative of, or intended to forecast, the possible future performances of our ordinary shares.
 
COMPARISON OF 5 YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN*
Among Flextronics International Ltd., The S&P 500 Index
And A Peer Group
 
(PERFORMANCE GRAPH')
 
* $100 invested on March 31, 2005 in stock or index, including reinvestment of dividends. Fiscal year ending March 31.
 
                                                             
      3/05     3/06     3/07     3/08     3/09     3/10
Flextronics International Ltd. 
      100.00         85.96         90.86         77.99         24.00         65.12  
S&P 500
      100.00         111.73         124.95         118.60         73.43         109.97  
Peer Group
      100.00         117.91         70.38         42.39         22.26         67.89  
                                                             
 
RECENT SALES OF UNREGISTERED SECURITIES
 
None.


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INCOME TAXATION UNDER SINGAPORE LAW
 
Dividends.  Singapore does not impose a withholding tax on dividends. All dividends paid on or after January 1, 2008 are tax exempt to shareholders.
 
Gains on Disposal.  Under current Singapore tax law there is no tax on capital gains, thus any profits from the disposal of shares are not taxable in Singapore unless the gains arising from the disposal of shares are income in nature and subject to tax, especially if they arise from activities which the Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore regards as the carrying on of a trade or business in Singapore (in which case, the profits on the sale would be taxable as trade profits rather than capital gains).
 
Shareholders who apply, or who are required to apply, the Singapore Financial Reporting Standard 39 Financial Instruments — Recognition and Measurement (“FRS 39”) for the purposes of Singapore income tax may be required to recognize gains or losses (not being gains or losses in the nature of capital) in accordance with the provisions of FRS 39 (as modified by the applicable provisions of Singapore income tax law) even though no sale or disposal of shares is made.
 
Stamp Duty.  There is no stamp duty payable for holding shares, and no duty is payable on the acquisition of newly-issued shares. When existing shares are acquired in Singapore, a stamp duty is payable on the instrument of transfer of the shares at the rate of two Singapore dollars (“S$”) for every S$1,000 of the market value of the shares. The stamp duty is borne by the purchaser unless there is an agreement to the contrary. If the instrument of transfer is executed outside of Singapore, the stamp duty must be paid only if the instrument of transfer is received in Singapore.
 
Estate Taxation.  The estate duty was abolished for deaths occurring on or after February 15, 2008. For deaths prior to February 15, 2008 the following rules apply:
 
If an individual who is not domiciled in Singapore dies on or after January 1, 2002, no estate tax is payable in Singapore on any of our shares held by the individual.
 
If property passing upon the death of an individual domiciled in Singapore includes our shares, Singapore estate duty is payable to the extent that the value of the shares aggregated with any other assets subject to Singapore estate duty exceeds S$600,000. Unless other exemptions apply to the other assets, for example, the separate exemption limit for residential properties, any excess beyond S$600,000 will be taxed at 5% on the first S$12,000,000 of the individual’s chargeable assets and thereafter at 10%.
 
An individual shareholder who is a U.S. citizen or resident (for U.S. estate tax purposes) will have the value of the shares included in the individual’s gross estate for U.S. estate tax purposes. An individual shareholder generally will be entitled to a tax credit against the shareholder’s U.S. estate tax to the extent the individual shareholder actually pays Singapore estate tax on the value of the shares; however, such tax credit is generally limited to the percentage of the U.S. estate tax attributable to the inclusion of the value of the shares included in the shareholder’s gross estate for U.S. estate tax purposes, adjusted further by a pro rata apportionment of available exemptions. Individuals who are domiciled in Singapore should consult their own tax advisors regarding the Singapore estate tax consequences of their investment.
 
Tax Treaties Regarding Withholding.  There is no reciprocal income tax treaty between the U.S. and Singapore regarding withholding taxes on dividends and capital gains.


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ITEM 6.   SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
These historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected in the future. The following table is qualified by reference to and should be read in conjunction with Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”
 
                                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009(1)     2008(1)(2)     2007(1)     2006(1)  
    (In thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT
                                       
OF OPERATIONS DATA:
                                       
Net sales
  $ 24,110,733     $ 30,948,575     $ 27,558,135     $ 18,853,688     $ 15,287,976  
Cost of sales
    22,800,733       29,513,011       25,972,787       17,777,859       14,354,461  
Restructuring charges(3)
    92,458       155,134       408,945       146,831       185,631  
                                         
Gross profit
    1,217,542       1,280,430       1,176,403       928,998       747,884  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    767,134       979,060       807,029       547,538       463,946  
Intangible amortization(4)
    89,615       135,872       112,317       37,089       37,160  
Goodwill impairment charge(5)
          5,949,977                    
Restructuring charges(3)
    15,070       24,651       38,743       5,026       30,110  
Other charges (income), net(6)
    206,895       89,262       61,078       (77,594 )     (17,200 )
Interest and other expense, net
    155,603       231,917       133,582       130,588       128,495  
Gain on divestiture of operations
                            (23,819 )
                                         
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
    (16,775 )     (6,130,309 )     23,654       286,351       129,192  
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes(7)
    (35,369 )     5,209       705,037       4,053       54,218  
                                         
Income (loss) from continuing operations
    18,594       (6,135,518 )     (681,383 )     282,298       74,974  
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
                      187,738       30,644  
                                         
Net income (loss)
  $ 18,594     $ (6,135,518 )   $ (681,383 )   $ 470,036     $ 105,618  
                                         
Diluted earnings (loss) per share:
                                       
Continuing operations
  $ 0.02     $ (7.47 )   $ (0.95 )   $ 0.47     $ 0.12  
                                         
Discontinued operations
  $     $     $     $ 0.31     $ 0.05  
                                         
Total
  $ 0.02     $ (7.47 )   $ (0.95 )   $ 0.79     $ 0.18  
                                         
                                         
 
                                         
    As of March 31,  
    2010     2009(1)     2008(1)(2)     2007(1)     2006(1)  
    (In thousands)  
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET DATA(8):
                                       
Working capital
  $ 1,642,790     $ 1,526,235     $ 2,911,922     $ 1,102,979     $ 938,632  
Total assets
    10,642,552       11,316,940       19,523,008       12,338,465       10,954,545  
Total long-term debt and capital lease obligations, excluding current portion
    1,990,258       2,733,680       3,310,042       1,372,495       1,328,110  
Shareholders’ equity
    1,984,567       1,861,168       8,240,832       6,295,060       5,511,651  
                                         


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(1) Prior year amounts have been restated to reflect the adoption of a new accounting standard in fiscal year 2010 related to accounting for convertible debt instruments that may be settled for cash upon conversion. The adoption of the new standard affected the accounting for the Company’s 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes and Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes. Refer to Note 2, “Summary of Accounting Policies — Recent Accounting Pronouncements,” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.
 
(2) On October 1, 2007, the Company completed its acquisition of 100% of the outstanding common stock of Solectron, a provider of value-added electronics manufacturing and supply chain services to OEMs. The results of Solectron’s operations were included in the Company’s consolidated financial results beginning on the acquisition date.
 
(3) Restructuring charges incurred during the 2010 and 2009 fiscal years were primarily intended to rationalize the Company’s global manufacturing capacity and infrastructure in response to weakened macroeconomic conditions and decline in demand from our OEM customers. Restructuring charges incurred during the 2008 fiscal year were primarily in connection with the acquisition and integration of Solectron. Restructuring charges incurred during the 2007 fiscal year and prior were primarily in connection with the consolidation and closure of multiple manufacturing facilities.
 
(4) The Company recognized a charge of $30.0 million during fiscal year 2008 for the write-off of certain intangible asset licenses due to technological obsolescence.
 
(5) The Company recognized a charge to impair goodwill as a result of a significant decline in its share value driven by weakened macroeconomic conditions that contributed to a decrease in market multiples and estimated discounted cash flows.
 
(6) The Company recognized charges of $199.4 million, $111.5 million and $61.1 million in fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, for the loss on disposition, other-than-temporary impairment and other related charges on its investments in, and notes receivable from, certain non-publicly traded companies. In fiscal year 2009, the Company recognized a net gain of $22.3 million for the partial extinguishment of its 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes due August 1, 2010. The Company recognized $79.8 million and $20.6 million of net foreign exchange gains primarily related to the liquidation of certain international entities in fiscal years 2007 and 2006, respectively. The Company also recognized $7.7 million in executive separation costs in fiscal years 2006. In fiscal year 2006, the Company recognized a net gain of $4.3 million related to its investments in certain non-publicly traded companies.
 
(7) The Company recognized non-cash tax expense of $661.3 million during fiscal year 2008, as we determined the recoverability of certain deferred tax assets was no longer more likely than not.
 
(8) Includes continuing and discontinued operations for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2007 and prior.
 
ITEM 7.   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
This report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The words “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “intends,” “plans” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements which refer to expectations, projections or other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly disclose any revisions to these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring subsequent to filing this Form 10-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including, without limitation, those discussed in this section and in Item 1A, “Risk Factors.” In addition, new risks emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all such risk factors or to assess the impact of such risk factors on our business. Accordingly, our future results may differ materially from historical results or from those discussed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, the reader should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.
 
OVERVIEW
 
We are a leading provider of advanced design and electronics manufacturing services (“EMS”) to original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) of a broad range of products in the following markets: infrastructure; mobile communication devices; computing; consumer digital devices; industrial, semiconductor capital equipment, clean technology aerospace and defense, and white goods; automotive and marine; and medical devices. We provide a full range of vertically-integrated global supply chain services through which we can design, build, ship and service a complete packaged product for our customers. Customers leverage our services to meet their product requirements throughout the entire product life cycle. Our vertically-integrated service offerings include: design services; rigid printed circuit board and flexible circuit fabrication; systems assembly and manufacturing; after-sales services; and multiple component product offerings.


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On October 1, 2007, we completed the acquisition of 100% of the outstanding common stock of Solectron in a cash and stock transaction valued at approximately $3.6 billion. The acquisition of Solectron broadened our service offerings, strengthened our capabilities in the high end computing, communication and networking infrastructure markets, increased the scale of our existing operations and diversified our customer and product mix.
 
We are one of the world’s largest EMS providers, with revenues of $24.1 billion in fiscal year 2010. As of March 31, 2010, our total manufacturing capacity was approximately 26.6 million square feet. We help customers design, build, ship, and service electronics products through a network of facilities in 30 countries across four continents. We have established an extensive network of manufacturing facilities in the world’s major electronics markets (Asia, the Americas and Europe) in order to serve the growing outsourcing needs of both multinational and regional OEMs. In fiscal year 2010, our net sales in Asia, the Americas and Europe represented approximately 48%, 33% and 19%, respectively, of our total net sales, based on the location of the manufacturing site.
 
We believe that the combination of our extensive design and engineering services, significant scale and global presence, vertically-integrated end-to-end services, advanced supply chain management, industrial campuses in low-cost geographic areas and operational track record provide us with a competitive advantage in the market for designing, manufacturing and servicing electronics products for leading multinational OEMs. Through these services and facilities, we offer our OEM customers the ability to simplify their global product development, their manufacturing process, and their after sale services, and enable them to achieve meaningful time to market and cost savings.
 
Our operating results are affected by a number of factors, including the following:
 
  •  changes in the macroeconomic environment and related changes in consumer demand;
 
  •  the mix of the manufacturing services we are providing, the number and size of new manufacturing programs, the degree to which we utilize our manufacturing capacity, seasonal demand, shortages of components and other factors;
 
  •  the effects on our business when our customers are not successful in marketing their products, or when their products do not gain widespread commercial acceptance;
 
  •  effect on our business due to our customers’ products having short product life cycles;
 
  •  our customers’ ability to cancel or delay orders or change production quantities;
 
  •  our customers’ decision to choose internal manufacturing instead of outsourcing for their product requirements;
 
  •  our exposure to financially troubled customers;
 
  •  integration of acquired businesses and facilities;
 
  •  our increased components offerings may reduce our profitability as we are required to make substantial investments in the resources necessary to design and develop these products without guarantee of cost recovery and margin generation; and
 
  •  our ability to achieve commercially viable production yields and to manufacture components in commercial quantities to the performance specifications demanded by our OEM customers.
 
We also are subject to other risks as outlined in Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”
 
Historically, the EMS industry experienced significant change and growth as an increasing number of companies elected to outsource some or all of their design and manufacturing requirements. We have seen an increase in the penetration of the global OEM manufacturing requirements since the 2001 — 2002 technology downturn as more and more OEMs pursued the benefits of outsourcing rather than internal manufacturing. In the second half of fiscal 2009, we experienced dramatically deteriorating macroeconomic conditions and demand for our customers’ products slowed in all of the industries we serve. This global economic crisis, and related decline in demand for our customers’ products, put pressure on certain of our OEM customers’ cost structures and caused them to reduce their manufacturing and supply chain outsourcing requirements. In response, we announced in


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March 2009 restructuring plans intended to rationalize our global manufacturing capacity and infrastructure with the intent to improve our operational efficiencies by reducing excess workforce and capacity. We have recognized approximately $258.1 million of associated charges since the announcement, with approximately $107.5 million and $150.6 million recognized during fiscal years 2010 and 2009, respectively. Beginning in the second half of fiscal year 2010, we began seeing some positive signs that demand for our OEM customers’ end products was improving. We believe the long-term, future growth prospects for outsourcing of advanced manufacturing capabilities, design and engineering services and after-market services remains strong.
 
As a result of the recent weakened macroeconomic environment and associated credit market conditions, both liquidity concerns and access to capital negatively impacted many of our customers. We increased our efforts to manage our credit exposure with our customers and re-assessed the financial condition of many of our customers and suppliers to anticipate exposures and minimize our risks. During the 2009 fiscal year we incurred charges of $262.7 million for certain customers, most notably Nortel, that filed for bankruptcy or restructuring protection or experienced significant financial and liquidity difficulties. These charges related to the write-down of inventory and associated contractual obligations, and provisions for doubtful accounts.
 
Due to the significant decline in our share value in the 2009 fiscal year, which was driven largely by deteriorating macroeconomic conditions that contributed to a considerable decrease in market multiples as well as a decline in the our estimated discounted cash flows, we recorded an impairment charge of $5.9 billion to write-off the entire carrying value of our goodwill as of the date of the charge. This non-cash charge did not affect our financial covenants or cash flows from operations.
 
We experienced margin improvements in fiscal 2010 as a result of improved customer demand, cost reduction efforts and manufacturing efficiencies.
 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP” or “GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from those estimates and assumptions.
 
We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. For further discussion of our significant accounting policies, refer to Note 2, “Summary of Accounting Policies,” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”
 
Carrying Value of Goodwill and Other Long-Lived Assets
 
We review property and equipment and acquired amortizable intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of these long-lived assets exceeds their fair value. Recoverability of property and equipment and acquired amortizable intangible assets are measured by comparing their carrying amount to the projected cash flows the assets are expected to generate. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment loss recognized, if any, is the amount by which the carrying amount of the property and equipment and acquired amortizable intangible assets exceeds fair value.
 
We evaluate goodwill for impairment on an annual basis. We also evaluate goodwill for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable from its estimated future cash flows. Recoverability of goodwill is measured at the reporting unit level by comparing the reporting unit’s carrying amount, including goodwill, to the fair value of the reporting unit, which is measured based upon, among other factors, market multiples for comparable companies as well as a discounted cash flow analysis. We have one reporting unit: Electronic Manufacturing Services. If the recorded value of the assets, including goodwill, and liabilities (“net book value”) of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss may be required to be recognized. Further, to the extent the net book value of the Company as a whole is greater than its market


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capitalization, all, or a significant portion of its goodwill may be considered impaired. During fiscal year 2010, we did not recognize any impairment of our goodwill in connection with our impairment evaluation. The fair value of the reporting unit significantly exceeded the carrying value. For further discussion of goodwill see Note 2, “Summary of Accounting Policies — Goodwill and Other Intangibles” in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”
 
In fiscal year 2009, we reviewed the carrying value of long-lived assets, including intangible assets, for impairment due to the deterioration in the global macroeconomic environment. During the third fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2008, we concluded that an interim goodwill impairment analysis was required based on the significant decline in the Company’s market capitalization during the quarter. As a result of this analysis, we recognized a non-cash impairment charge of $5.9 billion to write-off the entire carrying value of the Company’s goodwill as of the date of the assessment.
 
In fiscal year 2008, we recognized an impairment charge of approximately $30.0 million due to the write-off of certain intangible asset licenses due to technological obsolescence. This charge is included in intangible amortization in the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2008.
 
Customer Credit Risk
 
We have an established customer credit policy through which we manage customer credit exposures through credit evaluations, credit limit setting, monitoring, and enforcement of credit limits for new and existing customers. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers’ financial condition and make provisions for doubtful accounts based on the outcome of those credit evaluations. We evaluate the collectability of accounts receivable based on specific customer circumstances, current economic trends, historical experience with collections and the age of past due receivables. To the extent we identify exposures as a result of credit or customer evaluations, we also review other customer related exposures, including but not limited to inventory and related contractual obligations.
 
During fiscal year 2009, we incurred $262.7 million of charges for Nortel and other customers that filed for bankruptcy or restructuring protection or otherwise experienced significant financial and liquidity difficulties. These charges related to the write-down of inventory and associated contractual obligations, and provisions for doubtful accounts. In developing the provision for the receivables, we considered various mitigating factors including existing provisions, off-setting obligations and amounts subject to administrative priority claims. In November 2009, we agreed to a settlement with Nortel primarily related to pre-bankruptcy petition claims. As a result, we revised our estimates related to the recovery of Nortel accounts receivable, certain retirement and contractual obligations and other claims. In addition, we have continued to recover amounts related to previously reserved inventory as a result of continuing business with Nortel post bankruptcy. During fiscal year 2010, we recorded a net $2.3 million reduction to the original charge, which included a reduction to cost of sales of $26.3 million and an increase to selling, general and administrative expenses of $24.0 million. We do not expect to incur additional charges relating to Nortel or other customers referenced above.
 
Restructuring Charges
 
We recognize restructuring charges related to our plans to close or consolidate duplicate manufacturing and administrative facilities. In connection with these activities, we recognize restructuring charges for employee termination costs, long-lived asset impairment and other restructuring-related costs.
 
The recognition of these restructuring charges require that we make certain judgments and estimates regarding the nature, timing and amount of costs associated with the planned exit activity. To the extent our actual results in exiting these facilities differ from our estimates and assumptions, we may be required to revise the estimates of future liabilities, requiring the recognition of additional restructuring charges or the reduction of liabilities already recognized. At the end of each reporting period, we evaluate the remaining accrued balances to ensure that no excess accruals are retained and the utilization of the provisions are for their intended purpose in accordance with developed exit plans.
 
Refer to Note 9, “Restructuring Charges,” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for further discussion of our restructuring activities.


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Long-term Investments and Notes Receivable
 
We have certain investments in, and notes receivable from, non-publicly traded companies, which are included within other assets in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Non-majority-owned investments are accounted for using the equity method when we have an ownership percentage equal to or greater than 20%, or have the ability to significantly influence the operating decisions of the issuer; otherwise the cost method is used. We monitor these investments for impairment and make appropriate reductions in carrying values if we determine an impairment charge is required, based primarily on the financial condition and near-term prospects of these companies. Our ongoing consideration of these factors could result in additional impairment charges in the future, which could adversely affect our net income. During fiscal year 2010, we sold our entire interest in one of our non-majority owned investments and related note receivable for cash of approximately $252.5 million, net of closing costs. In conjunction with this transaction we recognized an impairment charge of approximately $107.4 million during the first quarter fiscal 2010. During the second quarter fiscal 2010, we recognized charges of $92.0 million for other-than-temporary impairment of notes receivable from one affiliate and an equity investment in another affiliate.
 
During fiscal year 2009, we recorded charges of $37.5 million for other-than-temporary impairment of our investments in certain non-publicly traded companies, and also recognized a $74.1 million charge for the other-than-temporary impairment of notes receivable. During fiscal year 2008, we recorded charges of $61.1 million for other-than-temporary impairment of our investments in certain non-publicly traded companies.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
We recognize manufacturing revenue when we ship goods or the goods are received by our customer, title and risk of ownership have passed, the price to the buyer is fixed or determinable and recoverability is reasonably assured. Generally, there are no formal customer acceptance requirements or further obligations related to manufacturing services. If such requirements or obligations exist, then we recognize the related revenues at the time when such requirements are completed and the obligations are fulfilled. We make provisions for estimated sales returns and other adjustments at the time revenue is recognized based upon contractual terms and an analysis of historical returns. These provisions were not material to our consolidated financial statements for the 2010, 2009 and 2008 fiscal years.
 
We provide a comprehensive suite of services for our customers that range from contract design services to original product design to repair services. We recognize service revenue when the services have been performed, and the related costs are expensed as incurred. Our net sales for services were less than 10% of our total sales during the 2010, 2009 and 2008 fiscal years, and accordingly, are included in net sales in the consolidated statements of operations.
 
Accounting for Business and Asset Acquisitions
 
We have actively pursued business and asset acquisitions, which are accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting. The fair value of the net assets acquired and the results of the acquired businesses are included in the Consolidated Financial Statements from the acquisition dates forward. We are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and results of operations during the reporting period. Estimates were used in accounting for, among other things, the fair value of acquired net operating assets, property and equipment, intangible assets and related deferred tax liabilities, useful lives of plant and equipment and amortizable lives for acquired intangible assets. Any excess of the purchase consideration over the identified fair value of the assets and liabilities acquired was recognized as goodwill.
 
We estimate the preliminary fair value of acquired assets and liabilities as of the date of acquisition based on information available at that time. Contingent consideration is recorded at fair value as of the date of the acquisition with subsequent adjustments recorded in earnings. Changes to valuation allowances on acquired deferred taxes are recognized in the provision for, or benefit from, income taxes. The valuation of these tangible and identifiable intangible assets and liabilities are subject to further management review and could change materially between the preliminary allocation and end of the purchase price allocation period. Any changes in these estimates may have a material impact on our consolidated operating results or financial condition. Effective April 1, 2009, we adopted a


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new accounting standard in which future adjustments to the estimates used in determining the fair values of our acquired assets and assumed liabilities could impact our consolidated operating results or financial condition.
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
Stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award using the Black-Scholes option valuation method, and is recognized as expense ratably over the requisite service period of the award. Calculating the fair value of stock-based awards at the grant date requires judgment, including estimating stock price volatility, the expected option life, the risk-free interest rate, and the dividend yield, which are used to calculate fair value. Compensation expense is recognized only for those options expected to vest, with forfeitures estimated at the date of grant based on the Company’s historical experience and future expectations. To the extent actual forfeitures differ significantly from our estimates, adjustments to compensation cost may be required in future periods.
 
Income Taxes
 
Our deferred income tax assets represent temporary differences between the carrying amount and the tax basis of existing assets and liabilities which will result in deductible amounts in future years, including net operating loss carryforwards. Based on estimates, the carrying value of our net deferred tax assets assumes that it is more likely than not that we will be able to generate sufficient future taxable income in certain tax jurisdictions to realize these deferred income tax assets. Our judgments regarding future profitability may change due to future market conditions, changes in U.S. or international tax laws and other factors. If these estimates and related assumptions change in the future, we may be required to increase or decrease our valuation allowance against deferred tax assets previously recognized, resulting in additional or lesser income tax expense.
 
We recognized non-cash tax expense of $661.3 million during the 2008 fiscal year. This expense principally resulted from management’s re-evaluation of previously recorded deferred tax assets in the United States, which are primarily comprised of tax loss carry forwards. We believed that the likelihood certain deferred tax assets will be realized decreased as we expected future projected taxable income in the United States will be lower as a result of increased interest expense resulting from the term loan entered into as part of the acquisition of Solectron.
 
We are regularly subject to tax return audits and examinations by various taxing jurisdictions in the United States and around the world, and there can be no assurance that the final determination of any tax examinations will not be materially different than that which is reflected in our income tax provisions and accruals. Should additional taxes be assessed as a result of a current or future examination, there could be a material adverse effect on our tax position, operating results, financial position and cash flows. Refer to Note 8 “Income Taxes” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for further discussion of our tax position.
 
Inventory Valuation
 
Our inventories are stated at the lower of cost (on a first-in, first-out basis) or market value. Our industry is characterized by rapid technological change, short-term customer commitments and rapid changes in demand. We make provisions for estimated excess and obsolete inventory based on our regular reviews of inventory quantities on hand, and the latest forecasts of product demand and production requirements from our customers. If actual market conditions or our customers’ product demands are less favorable than those projected, additional provisions may be required. In addition, unanticipated changes in the liquidity or financial position of our customers and/or changes in economic conditions may require additional provisions for inventories due to our customers’ inability to fulfill their contractual obligations with regard to inventory procured to fulfill customer demand.


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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain statements of operations data expressed as a percentage of net sales. The financial information and the discussion below should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.” The data below, and discussion that follows, represents our results from operations.
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Net sales
    100.0 %     100.0 %     100.0 %
Cost of sales
    94.6       95.4       94.2  
Restructuring charges
    0.4       0.5       1.5  
                         
Gross profit
    5.0       4.1       4.3  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    3.2       3.2       2.9  
Intangible amortization
    0.3       0.4       0.4  
Goodwill impairment charge
          19.2        
Restructuring charges
    0.1       0.1       0.1  
Other charges, net
    0.8       0.3       0.3  
Interest and other expense, net
    0.6       0.7       0.5  
                         
Income (loss) before income taxes
          (19.8 )     0.1  
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
    (0.1 )           2.6  
                         
Net income (loss)
    0.1 %     (19.8 )%     (2.5 )%
                         
 
Net sales
 
Net sales during fiscal year 2010 totaled $24.1 billion, representing a decrease of $6.8 billion, or 22%, from $30.9 billion during fiscal 2009, primarily due to reduced customer demand as a result of the weakened macroeconomic environment, market share losses and re-alignment of the outsourcing strategy of a key customer in the mobile market, and financial distress and reorganization of another key customer in the infrastructure market. The decline in revenues resulting from these two customers was approximately $3.7 billion or 11.8% of fiscal 2009 revenue. These declines in sales were partially offset by a significant revenue increase from a newly emerging key customer in the smart phone market as well as expanded sales with a key customer in the computing market. Sales during fiscal year 2010 decreased across all of the markets we serve, consisting of: (i) $3.2 billion in the infrastructure market, (ii) $1.2 billion in the mobile market, (iii) $1.2 billion in the consumer digital market, and (iv) $1.2 billion in the computing, industrial, automotive, and other markets. Net sales decreased across all of the geographical regions we serve, consisting of $3.6 billion in Asia, $2.5 billion in the Americas, and $728.3 million in Europe.
 
Net sales during fiscal year 2009 totaled $30.9 billion, representing an increase of $3.4 billion, or 12.3%, from $27.6 billion during fiscal year 2008, primarily due to the acquisition of Solectron, new customers, and to new program wins from various existing customers across multiple markets. These factors were offset, in part, by reduced customer demand during the second half of fiscal year 2009 due to the weakening macroeconomic environment. As a result, while our sales for fiscal year 2009 increased, sales for the last six months of fiscal 2009 decreased $3.1 billion or 18.5%, to $13.7 billion, compared with sales of $16.8 billion for the last six months of fiscal 2008. Sales during fiscal year 2009 increased $1.5 billion in the computing market, $1.2 billion in the infrastructure market and $1.1 billion in the industrial, medical, automotive and other markets. Sales decreased $350.2 million in the mobile communications market and $17.9 million in the consumer digital market. Net sales during fiscal year 2009 increased by $2.6 billion in the Americas and $1.1 billion in Europe, and decreased $297.0 million in Asia.
 
Our ten largest customers during fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008 accounted for approximately 47%, 50% and 55% of net sales, respectively, with Hewlett-Packard accounting for greater than 10% of our net sales during fiscal


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2010 and Sony-Ericsson, accounting for greater than 10% of our net sales during fiscal years 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
Gross profit
 
Gross profit is affected by a number of factors, including the number and size of new manufacturing programs, product mix, component costs and availability, product life cycles, unit volumes, pricing, competition, new product introductions, capacity utilization and the expansion and consolidation of manufacturing facilities. The flexible design of our manufacturing processes allow us to build a broad range of products in our facilities, which allows us to better utilize our manufacturing capacity. In the cases of new programs, profitability normally lags revenue growth due to product start-up costs, lower manufacturing program volumes in the start-up phase, operational inefficiencies, and under-absorbed overhead. Gross margin often improves over time as manufacturing program volumes increase, as our utilization rates and overhead absorption improves, and as we increase the level of vertically-integrated manufacturing services content. As a result of these various factors, our gross margin varies from period to period.
 
Gross profit during fiscal year 2010 decreased $62.9 million to $1.2 billion from $1.3 billion during fiscal year 2009. Gross margin increased to 5.0% of net sales in fiscal 2010 as compared with 4.1% of net sales in fiscal 2009. The 90 basis point year over year increase in gross margin was primarily attributable to an approximate 40 basis point improvement due to the Nortel bankruptcy in the prior year, discussed below, an approximate 10 basis point reduction in restructuring charges recognized during the current year, and an increase primarily attributable to improved capacity utilization as a result of cost reduction benefits derived from our restructuring activities. Component shortages were experienced during the third and fourth quarters of fiscal 2010, but did not have a significant impact on our operating results. We anticipate component shortages will continue into our 2011 fiscal year.
 
During fiscal year 2009, we incurred $145.3 million in charges related to the Nortel bankruptcy, of which $98.0 million were recorded in cost of sales. In November 2009, we agreed to a settlement with Nortel primarily related to pre-bankruptcy petition claims. As a result, we revised our estimates related to the recovery of Nortel accounts receivable, certain retirement and contractual obligations and other claims. In addition, the Company has continued to recover amounts related to previously reserved inventory as a result of continuing business with Nortel post-bankruptcy. During fiscal year 2010, we recorded a net $2.3 million reduction to the original charge, which included a reduction to cost of sales of $26.3 million net of an increase to selling, general and administrative expenses of $24.0 million. The total impact of the $98.0 million prior charge to cost of sales coupled with the $26.3 million recovery resulted in an approximate 40 basis point year over year increase in gross margin.
 
Gross profit during fiscal year 2009 increased $104.0 million to $1.3 billion from $1.2 billion during fiscal year 2008. Gross margin decreased to 4.1% of net sales in fiscal 2009 as compared with 4.3% in fiscal 2008. The 20 basis point decrease in gross margin was primarily attributable to a 60 basis point increase in cost of sales during fiscal year 2009 for inventory write-downs and associated contractual obligations related to certain financially distressed customers, and an approximate 60 basis point decrease in margin primarily attributable to lower capacity utilization as a result of weakened macroeconomic conditions and related decline in customer demand. The factors contributing to the decrease in gross margin were offset in part by $253.8 million, or 100 basis points, of lower restructuring charges attributable to cost of sales recognized during fiscal 2009 as compared to fiscal year 2008.
 
Restructuring charges
 
We recognized restructuring charges of approximately $107.5 million during fiscal year 2010 as part of our restructuring plans previously announced in March 2009 in order to rationalize our global manufacturing capacity and infrastructure in response to weakened macroeconomic conditions. The costs associated with these restructuring activities included employee severance, costs related to owned and leased facilities and equipment that is no longer in use and is to be disposed of, and other costs associated with the exit of certain contractual arrangements due to facility closures. We classified approximately $92.4 million of these charges as cost of sales and approximately $15.1 million of these charges as selling, general and administrative expenses during fiscal year 2010. The charges recognized by reportable geographic region amounted to $45.1 million, $25.1 million and


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$37.3 million for Asia, the Americas and Europe, respectively. Approximately $43.1 million of these restructuring charges were non-cash. As of March 31, 2010, accrued severance and facility closure costs related to restructuring charges incurred during fiscal year 2010 were approximately $13.7 million, the entire amount of which was classified as current. We do not anticipate additional material charges in future periods relating to these restructuring plans.
 
During fiscal year 2009, we recognized restructuring charges of approximately $179.8 million related primarily to rationalizing our global manufacturing capacity and infrastructure as a result of deteriorating macroeconomic conditions. The global economic crisis and the related decline in demand for our customers’ products across all of the industries we serve, caused our OEM customers to reduce their manufacturing and supply chain outsourcing and negatively impacted our capacity utilization levels. Our restructuring activities improved our operational efficiencies by reducing excess workforce and capacity. In addition to the cost reductions, these activities further shifted our manufacturing capacity to locations with higher efficiencies and, in most instances, lower costs. The costs associated with these restructuring activities included employee severance, costs related to owned and leased facilities and equipment that is no longer in use and is to be disposed of, and other costs associated with the exit of certain contractual arrangements due to facility closures. We classified approximately $155.1 million of these charges as cost of sales and approximately $24.7 million of these charges as selling, general and administrative expenses during fiscal year 2009. The charges recognized by reportable geographic region amounted to $96.9 million, $56.7 million and $26.2 million for Asia, the Americas and Europe, respectively. Approximately $55.8 million of these restructuring charges were non-cash. As of March 31, 2010, accrued severance and facility closure costs related to restructuring charges incurred during fiscal year 2009 was approximately $13.3 million, of which approximately $2.5 million was classified as a long-term obligation.
 
During fiscal year 2008, we recognized restructuring charges of approximately $447.7 million primarily related to our acquisition of Solectron. These charges were related to restructuring activities which included closing, consolidating and relocating certain manufacturing, design, and administrative operations, eliminating redundant assets and reducing excess workforce and capacity in multiple manufacturing and design locations globally. The activities associated with these charges involved multiple actions at each location, were completed in multiple steps and generally within one year of the commitment dates of the respective activities, except for certain long-term contractual obligations. We classified approximately $408.9 million of these charges as a component of cost of sales. The fiscal year 2008 restructuring charge of approximately $447.7 million was net of approximately $52.9 million of customer reimbursements earned in accordance with the various agreements with Nortel. The reimbursement was included as a component of cost of sales during fiscal year 2008. The charges recognized by reportable geographic region, before the Nortel reimbursement, amounted to $178.9 million, $175.2 million and $146.5 million for Asia, Europe and the Americas, respectively. Approximately $202.5 million of these restructuring charges were non-cash. As of March 31, 2010, accrued facility closure costs related to restructuring charges incurred during fiscal year 2008 and prior were approximately $37.3 million, of which approximately $19.7 million was classified as a long-term obligation.
 
Refer to Note 9, “Restructuring Charges,” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for further discussion of our restructuring activities.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses, or SG&A, totaled $767.1 million or 3.2% of net sales, during fiscal year 2010, compared to $979.1 million, or 3.2% of net sales, during fiscal year 2009. The overall decreases in SG&A expense and SG&A as a percentage of sales during the fiscal year 2010 were primarily the result of our restructuring activities and discretionary cost reduction actions, and the recognition of provisions for accounts receivable from financially distressed customers of $73.3 million incurred during fiscal 2009. These decreases were partially offset by the $24.0 million charge in fiscal 2010 related to Nortel, discussed in gross profit above.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses, or SG&A, totaled $979.1 million, or 3.2% of net sales, during fiscal year 2009, compared to $807.0 million, or 2.9% of net sales, during fiscal year 2008. The increase in SG&A as a percentage of net sales during fiscal year 2009 was primarily the result of the recognition of provisions for accounts receivable from financially distressed customers of $73.3 million incurred during fiscal 2009. The increase in absolute dollars of SG&A was primarily the result of our acquisition of Solectron as well as other business and


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asset acquisitions over the past 12 months, continued investments in resources and investments in certain technologies to enhance our overall design and engineering competencies, and provisions for accounts receivable from distressed customers.
 
Goodwill impairment
 
During our third fiscal quarter of fiscal 2009, which ended December 31, 2008, we concluded that an interim goodwill impairment assessment was required due to the significant decline in our market capitalization, which was driven largely by deteriorating macroeconomic conditions that contributed to a considerable decrease in market multiples as well as a decline in our estimated discounted cash flows. As a result of our analysis, we recorded a non-cash impairment charge to goodwill in the amount of $5.9 billion during the quarter ended December 31, 2008 to eliminate the entire carrying value of our goodwill as of the date of the assessment. For further discussion of goodwill impairment charges recorded, see Note 2, “Summary of Accounting Policies — Goodwill and Other Intangibles” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”
 
Intangible amortization
 
Amortization of intangible assets in fiscal year 2010 decreased by $46.3 million to $89.6 million from $135.9 million in fiscal year 2009. The reduction in expense was primarily due to the use of the accelerated method of amortization for certain customer related intangibles, which resulted in decreasing expense over time.
 
Amortization of intangible assets in fiscal year 2009 increased by $23.6 million to $135.9 million from $112.3 million in fiscal year 2008. The increase in expense was primarily attributable to the increase in intangibles arising from our acquisition of Solectron on October 1, 2007, including $9.3 million of increased expense for cumulative adjustments related to purchase accounting adjustments recognized during fiscal 2009. The increase in expense was also due to a lesser extent to intangibles arising from other acquisitions completed in fiscal years 2009 and 2008 that were individually not significant and for which a full year’s amortization would not have been recognized in fiscal year 2008. This increase in expense was offset, in part, by $30.0 million in expense recognized during fiscal year 2008 for the write-off of certain intangible asset licenses due to technological obsolescence.
 
Other charges, net
 
During fiscal year 2010, we sold our entire interest in one of our non-majority owned investments and related note receivable for cash of approximately $252.5 million, and recognized an impairment charge associated with the sale of $107.4 million. We also recognized charges totaling approximately $92.0 million during the second quarter of fiscal 2010 associated with the other-than-temporary impairment of our notes receivable from one affiliate and an equity investment in another affiliate. Deterioration in the business prospects, cash flow expectations, and increased liability concerns of the affiliate and the equity investment resulted in the impairment of the carrying value to the estimated recoverable value.
 
During fiscal year 2009, we recognized approximately $74.1 million in charges to write-down certain notes receivable from an affiliate to the expected recoverable amount, and approximately $37.5 million in charges for the other-than-temporary impairment of certain of our investments in companies that were experiencing significant financial and liquidity difficulties. These charges were offset to some extent by a gain of $22.3 million resulting from the partial extinguishment of $260.0 million in principal amount of our 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes due August 1, 2010.
 
During fiscal year 2008, we recognized approximately $61.1 million in other charges related to the other-than-temporary impairment and related charges on certain of our investments. Of this amount, approximately $57.6 million was attributable to the sale of an investment in an affiliate, which was liquidated in January 2008 for approximately $57.4 million of cash proceeds.


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Interest and other expense, net
 
On April 1, 2009, we adopted a new accounting standard related to accounting for convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash upon conversion. The adoption of the new standard affected the accounting for our 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes and Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes (collectively referred to as the “Convertible Notes”) by requiring the initial proceeds from their sale to be allocated between a liability component and an equity component in a manner that results in interest expense on the debt component at our nonconvertible debt borrowing rate on the date of issuance. The standard required that we record the change in accounting principle retrospectively to all periods presented. As a result of the adoption of this standard, we recognized approximately $21.4 million in incremental non-cash interest expense during fiscal year 2010. In addition, we retrospectively adjusted interest and other expense, net for fiscal years 2009 and 2008 to include $43.5 million and $42.0 million, respectively, of incremental non-cash interest expense.
 
Interest and other expense, net was $155.6 million during fiscal year 2010, compared to $231.9 million (as restated for the retrospective application of the new accounting standard) during fiscal year 2009, a decrease of $76.3 million. The decrease in expense was primarily the result of less debt outstanding during the fiscal period including the approximate $400.0 million tender and redemption of the 6.5% Senior Subordinated Notes and the $100.0 million tender of the 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes. Further reduction in interest expense was due to lower interest rates on variable rate debt and a decrease in non-cash interest expense due to our repurchase of $260.0 million of principal value of our 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes during December 2008 and redemption of our Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes in July 2009, partially offset by less interest income resulting from the reduction in other notes receivable that were sold during the third quarter of fiscal year 2010.
 
Interest and other expense, net was $231.9 million during fiscal year 2009 compared to $133.6 million (as restated for the retrospective application of the new accounting standard) during fiscal year 2008, an increase of $98.3 million. The increase in expense was primarily the result of $50.5 million in additional interest expense on the $1.7 billion in borrowings under our term loan facility used to finance the acquisition of Solectron, as well as the refinancing of certain Solectron outstanding debt obligations, and a $39.4 million unfavorable movement in net foreign exchange as a result of the U.S. dollar appreciating against our primary foreign currencies.
 
Income taxes
 
Certain of our subsidiaries have, at various times, been granted tax relief in their respective countries, resulting in lower income taxes than would otherwise be the case under ordinary tax rates. The consolidated effective tax rate for a particular period varies depending on the amount of earnings from different jurisdictions, operating loss carryforwards, income tax credits, changes in previously established valuation allowances for deferred tax assets based upon our current analysis of the realizability of these deferred tax assets, as well as certain tax holidays and incentives granted to our subsidiaries primarily in China, Malaysia, Israel, Poland and Singapore. In evaluating the realizability of deferred tax assets, we consider our recent history of operating income and losses by jurisdiction, exclusive of items that we believe are non-recurring in nature such as restructuring charges. We also consider the future projected operating income in the relevant jurisdiction and the effect of any tax planning strategies. Based on this analysis, we believe that the current valuation allowance is adequate.
 
We have tax loss carryforwards attributable to operations for which we have recognized deferred tax assets. Our policy is to provide a reserve against those deferred tax assets that in our estimate are not more likely than not to be realized. During the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2009, the provision for income taxes includes a benefit of approximately $50.2 million for the reversal of valuation allowances. We received no tax benefit from the impairment of goodwill or distressed customer charges.
 
In connection with our acquisition of Solectron, we re-evaluated previously recorded deferred tax assets in the United States, which are primarily comprised of tax loss carryforwards. We believe that the likelihood certain deferred tax assets will be realized has decreased because we expect future projected taxable income in the United States will be lower as a result of increased interest expense resulting from the term loan entered into as part of the acquisition of Solectron. Accordingly, we determined that the recoverability of our deferred tax assets is no longer more likely than not, and thus we recognized tax expense of approximately $661.3 million during fiscal year 2008. There is no incremental cash expenditure relating to this increase in tax expense.


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We are regularly subject to tax return audits and examinations by various taxing jurisdictions in the United States and around the world, and there can be no assurance that the final determination of any tax examinations will not be materially different than that which is reflected in our income tax provisions and accruals. Should additional taxes be assessed as a result of a current or future examination, there could be a material adverse effect on our tax position, operating results, financial position and cash flows.
 
See Note 8, “Income Taxes,” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for further discussion.
 
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
 
As of March 31, 2010, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $1.9 billion and bank and other borrowings of $2.3 billion. The Company also had a $2.0 billion revolving credit facility, under which there were no borrowings outstanding as of March 31, 2010. The $2.0 billion credit facility and other various credit facilities are subject to compliance with certain financial covenants. As of March 31, 2010, we were in compliance with the covenants under the Company’s indentures and credit facilities.
 
Fiscal Year 2010
 
Cash provided by operating activities was $798.9 million during fiscal year 2010. This resulted primarily from $18.6 million of net income for the period before adjustments to include approximately $736.4 million of non-cash items such as depreciation, amortization, and impairment charges, non-cash interest income, and stock compensation expense. Our working capital accounts increased $169.5 million on a net basis, primarily as a result of increased business volume as both accounts receivable and accounts payable increased. The reduction in other current and non current liabilities was primarily due to lower continued payout of prior obligations and accrued obligations related to acquisitions, restructuring charges and financing charges.
 
Cash provided by investing activities during fiscal year 2010 was $7.8 million. This resulted primarily from proceeds related to the sale of an equity investment and note receivable for $259.8 million, net of closing costs, and was partially offset by approximately $176.5 million in capital expenditures for equipment, net of proceeds on sales and $75.9 million of deferred purchase price payments related to certain historical acquisitions and for three acquisitions completed during the fiscal year 2010.
 
Cash used in financing activities amounted to $713.3 million during fiscal year 2010. During June 2009, we used $203.2 million to repurchase an aggregate principal amount of $99.8 million of the 6.5% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013 (“6.5% Notes”) and an aggregate principal amount of $99.9 million of the 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2014 (“6.25% Notes”) in a cash tender offer. On July 31, 2009, we paid $195.0 million to redeem the 0% Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes upon their maturity. On March 19, 2010, we used $306.3 million to redeem all of the remaining principle balance of $299.8 million of the 6.5% Notes.
 
Fiscal Year 2009
 
Cash provided by operating activities was $1.3 billion during fiscal year 2009. This resulted primarily from a $6.1 billion net loss for the period before adjustments to include approximately $6.7 billion of non-cash items, primarily consisting of a $5.9 billion goodwill impairment charge, as well as other non-cash items such as depreciation, amortization, restructuring and distressed customer charges, investment and notes receivable impairment charges, stock-based compensation expense, accretion of interest on notes receivable, and the gain recognized on the partial extinguishment of our 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes due August 2010. Our working capital accounts decreased $800.1 million on a net basis as a result of overall lower business volume, which also contributed to cash provided by operating activities. Net working capital, defined as current assets minus current liabilities, overall decreased to approximately $1.5 billion as of March 31, 2009 from $2.9 billion as of March 31, 2008. The primary difference between the $1.4 billion overall decrease in working capital and the $800.1 million contribution to cash provided from operations was primarily from $212.3 million in purchase accounting adjustments and acquired working capital balances attributable to acquisitions, and the reclassification of $195.0 million principal amount of our Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes due July 31, 2009 to a current obligation.


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Cash used in investing activities during fiscal year 2009 was $644.9 million. This resulted primarily from $462.1 million in net capital expenditures for equipment, $200.0 million for the acquisitions of businesses, and $14.8 million for contingent purchase price payments related to historical acquisitions.
 
Cash used in financing activities was $646.8 million during fiscal year 2009. This resulted primarily from $260.1 million in payments for the repurchase of 29.8 million of our ordinary shares, $226.2 million used to repurchase an aggregate principal amount of $260.0 million of the 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes due August 1, 2010 and $161.0 million used to repay borrowings outstanding under the $2.0 billion credit facility.
 
Fiscal Year 2008
 
Cash provided by operating activities was $1.0 billion during fiscal year 2008. This resulted primarily from a $639.4 million net loss for the period before adjustments to include approximately $1.4 billion of non-cash items, primarily consisting of a $661.3 million deferred tax expense for our re-evaluation of previously recorded deferred tax assets in the United States in connection with its acquisition of Solectron, as well as other non-cash items such as depreciation, amortization, restructuring charges, investment impairment charges, stock-based compensation expense, and accretion of interest on notes receivable. Our working capital accounts decreased $275.4 million, which also contributed to cash provided by operating activities. This decrease in working capital was driven primarily by a decrease in inventory and an increase in accounts payable from working capital management, offset to some extent by an increase in accounts receivable due to increased overall business activity. Net working capital overall increased to approximately $2.9 billion as of March 31, 2008 from $1.1 billion as of March 31, 2007. The primary difference between the $1.8 billion overall increase in working capital and the $275.4 million contribution to cash provided from operations was primarily from purchase accounting adjustments and acquired working capital balances related to our acquisition of Solectron.
 
Cash used in investing activities during fiscal year 2008 was $935.4 million. This resulted primarily from $612.0 million in cash paid for acquisitions net of cash acquired, which was mostly comprised of $423.5 for our acquisition of Solectron and $327.5 million in net capital expenditures for equipment and the expansion of various low-cost, high-volume manufacturing facilities and industrial parks as well as of our printed circuit board operations and components business.
 
Cash provided by financing activities was $962.1 million during fiscal year 2008. This resulted primarily from the $1.7 billion borrowed by the Company under the term loan facility entered into in connection with our acquisition of Solectron and proceeds from $161.0 million borrowed under our revolving credit facility, offset by approximately $942.4 million used to repurchase or redeem debt assumed in connection with our acquisitions, which was mostly attributable to Solectron.
 
We continue to assess our capital structure and evaluate the merits of redeploying available cash to reduce existing debt or repurchase ordinary shares. During July 2008, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to ten percent of the Company’s outstanding ordinary shares, and we repurchased approximately 29.8 million shares under this plan during the 2009 fiscal year. In December 2008, we repurchased $260.0 million principal amount of our 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes, which become due in August 2010. During June 2009, we paid approximately $101.8 million to purchase an aggregate principal amount of $99.8 million of the 6.5% Senior Subordinated Notes and we paid approximately $101.3 million to purchase an aggregate principal amount of $99.9 million of the 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes in a cash tender offer. In July 2009, we paid $195.0 million to redeem the Zero Coupon Junior Subordinated Notes upon maturity. In March 2010, we paid approximately $306.3 million to redeem the aggregate principal balance of $299.8 million of our 6.5% Senior Subordinated Notes at a redemption price of 102.167% of the principal amount. We have approximately $2.3 billion in total debt outstanding as of March 31, 2010 and our $234.2 million principal amount of our 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes is due in August 2010. We are currently evaluating whether to fund the retirement of these notes with existing cash balances and anticipated cash flows from operations, or refinance the notes by issuing debt or sales of receivables under our asset backed securitization programs. We have no significant additional borrowings outstanding that are due within the next twelve months.
 
Liquidity is affected by many factors, some of which are based on normal ongoing operations of the business and some of which arise from fluctuations related to global economics and markets. Cash balances are generated


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and held in many locations throughout the world. Local government regulations may restrict our ability to move cash balances to meet cash needs under certain circumstances. We do not currently expect such regulations and restrictions to impact our ability to pay vendors and conduct operations throughout the global organization. We believe that our existing cash balances, together with anticipated cash flows from operations and borrowings available under our credit facilities, will be sufficient to fund our operations through at least the next twelve months.
 
Future liquidity needs will depend on fluctuations in levels of inventory, accounts receivable and accounts payable, the timing of capital expenditures for new equipment, the extent to which we utilize operating leases for new facilities and equipment, and the levels of shipments and changes in the volumes of customer orders. Liquidity needs are also dependent upon the extent of cash charges associated with restructuring and integration activities.
 
Historically, we have funded operations from cash and cash equivalents generated from operations, proceeds from public offerings of equity and debt securities, bank debt and lease financings. We also continuously sell a designated pool of trade receivables under asset backed securitization programs and sell certain trade receivables, which are in addition to the trade receivables sold in connection with these securitization agreements, to certain third-party banking institutions with limited recourse. As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, we had sold receivables totaling $582.1 million and $643.6 million, respectively, net of our participation through asset-backed security and other financing arrangements, which are not included in our Consolidated Balance Sheet. In connection with new accounting standards that we are required to adopt during the first quarter of fiscal year 2011, the accounts receivable factoring and the North America Asset Backed Securitization programs were amended such that the accounts receivable sold under these programs will continue to be removed from our balance sheets. The Global Asset Backed Securitization program will be consolidated and accounts receivable sold under this program will remain on our balance sheet. Cash received under the program will be classified as short-term bank borrowings.
 
We anticipate that we will enter into debt and equity financings, sales of accounts receivable and lease transactions to fund acquisitions and anticipated growth. The sale or issuance of equity or convertible debt securities could result in dilution to current shareholders. Further, we may issue debt securities that have rights and privileges senior to those of holders of ordinary shares, and the terms of this debt could impose restrictions on operations and could increase debt service obligations. This increased indebtedness could limit our flexibility as a result of debt service requirements and restrictive covenants, potentially affect our credit ratings, and may limit our ability to access additional capital or execute our business strategy. Any downgrades in credit ratings could adversely affect our ability to borrow as a result of more restrictive borrowing terms.
 
CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS AND COMMITMENTS
 
We have a $2.0 billion revolving credit facility that expires in May 2012. As of March 31, 2010, there were no borrowings outstanding under the credit facility. The credit facility requires that we maintain a maximum ratio of total indebtedness to EBITDA (earnings before interest expense, taxes, depreciation and amortization), and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, as defined. As of March 31, 2010, we were in compliance with the covenants under the credit facility.
 
We and certain of our subsidiaries also have various uncommitted revolving credit facilities, lines of credit and other loans in the amount of $254.9 million in the aggregate under which there were approximately $6.7 million of borrowings outstanding as of March 31, 2010.
 
We have approximately $1.7 billion of borrowings outstanding under a term loan facility as of March 31, 2010. Of this amount, approximately $500.0 million matures in October 2012, and the remainder matures in October 2014. Loans under the facility amortize in quarterly installments in an amount equal to 1% per annum with the balance due at the end of the fifth or seventh year, as applicable. The facility requires that we maintain a maximum ratio of total indebtedness to EBITDA, and as of March 31, 2010, we were in compliance with the financial covenants under the facility.
 
We have approximately $302.2 million outstanding under senior subordinated notes which bear interest at 6.25% and are due in November 2014. We also have approximately $234.2 million outstanding under convertible subordinated notes as of March 31, 2010, which bear interest at 1% and are due in August 2010.


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Refer to the discussion in Note 4, “Bank Borrowings and Long-Term Debt” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further details of the Company’s debt obligations.
 
We have purchase obligations that arise in the normal course of business, primarily consisting of binding purchase orders for inventory related items and capital expenditures. Additionally, we have leased certain of our equipment under capital lease commitments, and certain of our facilities and equipment under operating lease commitments.
 
Future payments due under our purchase obligations, debt and related interest obligations and operating lease contracts are as follows:
 
                                         
          Less Than
                Greater Than
 
    Total     1 Year     1 - 3 Years     4 - 5 Years     5 Years  
    (In thousands)  
 
Contractual Obligations:
                                       
Purchase obligations
  $  2,951,395     $  2,951,395     $  —     $  —     $  —  
Long-term debt and capital lease obligations
    2,256,809       266,551       507,338       1,470,638       12,282  
Interest on long-term debt obligations*
    397,882       95,427       187,812       111,248       3,395  
Operating leases, net of subleases
    474,630       123,646       168,395       95,630       86,959  
                                         
Total contractual obligations
  $ 6,080,716     $ 3,437,019     $  863,545     $  1,677,516     $  102,636  
                                         
 
 
* Includes interest expense on interest rate swaps.
 
Borrowings under our term loan agreement bear interest, at the Company’s option, either at (i) the base rate (the greater of the agent’s prime rate or the federal funds rate plus 0.50%) plus a margin of 1.25%; or (ii) LIBOR plus a margin of 2.25%. Estimated interest for the term loan facility is based on the applicable fixed rate plus a margin of 2.25% for the approximately $847.0 million on which the floating interest payment has been swapped for fixed interest payments, and is based on LIBOR plus a margin of 2.25% for the remaining amounts outstanding.
 
We have excluded $129.9 million liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits from the contractual obligations table as we cannot make a reasonably reliable estimate of the periodic cash settlements with the respective taxing authorities. See Note 8, “Income Taxes” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further details.
 
Our purchase obligations can fluctuate significantly from period-to-period and can materially impact our future operating asset and liability balances, and our future working capital requirements. We intend to use our existing cash balances, together with anticipated cash flows from operations to fund our existing and future contractual obligations.
 
OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
 
We continuously sell a designated pool of trade receivables to a third-party qualified special purpose entity, which in turn sells an undivided ownership interest to an investment conduit administered by an unaffiliated financial institution. In addition to this financial institution, we participate in the securitization agreement as an investor in the conduit. The fair value of our investment participation, together with our recourse obligation that approximates 5% of the total receivables sold, was approximately $135.4 million and $123.8 million as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Effective April 1, 2010, the adoption of the new accounting guidance removes the concept of a qualifying special purpose entity and, accordingly, we will consolidate this entity. Refer to Note 2, “Summary of Accounting Policies — Recent Accounting Pronouncements” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.


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RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
 
Refer to Note 2, “Summary of Accounting Policies” of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for recent accounting pronouncements.
 
ITEM 7A.   QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
INTEREST RATE RISK
 
A portion of our exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates to our investment portfolio, which consists of highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less from original dates of purchase. We do not use derivative financial instruments in our investment portfolio. We place cash and cash equivalents with various major financial institutions and limit the amount of credit exposure to the greater of 20% of the total investment portfolio or $10.0 million in any single institution. We protect our invested principal by limiting default risk, market risk and reinvestment risk. We mitigate default risk by investing in investment grade securities and by constantly positioning the portfolio to respond appropriately to a reduction in credit rating of any investment issuer, guarantor or depository to levels below the credit ratings dictated by our investment policy. The portfolio includes only marketable securities with active secondary or resale markets to ensure portfolio liquidity. Maturities of short-term investments are timed, whenever possible, to correspond with debt payments and capital investments. As of March 31, 2010, the outstanding amount in the investment portfolio was $1.2 billion, comprised mainly of money market funds with an average return of 0.40%. A hypothetical 10% change in interest rates would not be expected to have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows over the next fiscal year.
 
We had fixed and variable rate debt outstanding of approximately $2.3 billion as of March 31, 2010, of which approximately $556.4 million related to fixed rate debt obligations. As of March 31, 2010, our fixed rate debt consisted primarily of $302.2 million of 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes and $234.2 million of 1% Coupon Convertible Subordinated Notes.
 
Variable rate debt obligations were approximately $1.7 billion, which primarily consisted of borrowings under the previously discussed term loan facility. Interest on the term loan facility is based at our option on either (i) the base rate (the greater of the agent’s prime rate or the federal funds rate plus 0.50%) plus a margin of 1.25%; or (ii) LIBOR plus a margin of 2.25%. As discussed further below, the floating interest rate on approximately $847.0 million of the approximately $1.7 billion outstanding under the term loan facility has been swapped for fixed interest rates over approximately the next ten months. We also have a $2.0 billion credit facility whose interest is based at our option on either (i) the base rate (the greater of the agent’s prime rate or the federal funds rate plus 0.50%); or (ii) LIBOR plus the applicable margin for LIBOR loans ranging between 0.50% and 1.25%, based on our credit ratings. Variable rate debt also included demand notes and certain variable lines of credit. These credit lines are located throughout the world and variable interest is generally based on a spread over that country’s inter-bank offering rate.
 
As of March 31, 2010, we have five interest rate swap transactions to effectively convert the floating interest rate on approximately $847.0 million of the $1.7 billion outstanding under the term loan facility to fixed interest rates ranging between approximately 1.0% and 3.6% for remaining terms ranging from one to ten months. We receive floating interest payments at rates equal to the three-month LIBOR on $247.0 million of the swaps, and equal to the one-month LIBOR on $600.0 million of the swaps. In January 2010 and March 2010, $200.0 million and $100.0 million, respectively, of the swaps with fixed interest rates ranging between 1.0% to 2.45% expired. In April 2010, $100.0 million of the swaps with a fixed interest rate of 1.0% will expire. In October 2010, $500.0 million of the swaps with fixed interest rates of 3.61% will expire. In January 2011, the remaining $247.0 million of the swaps with fixed interest rates of approximately 3.6% will expire.
 
Our variable rate debt instruments create exposures for us related to interest rate risk. Primarily because the floating interest on approximately $847.0 million of the $1.7 billion in variable rate debt obligations as of March 31, 2010 has effectively been converted to fixed and due to the current low interest rates, a hypothetical 10% change in interest rates would not be expected to have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows over the next fiscal year.


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As of March 31, 2010, the approximate fair values of our, 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes, 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes and debt outstanding under our Term Loan Agreement were 101.0%, 99.18% and 95.58% of the face values of the debt obligations, respectively, based on broker trading prices.
 
FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RISK
 
We transact business in various foreign countries and are, therefore, subject to risk of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. We have established a foreign currency risk management policy to manage this risk. To the extent possible, we manage our foreign currency exposure by evaluating and using non-financial techniques, such as currency of invoice, leading and lagging payments and receivables management. In addition, we borrow in various foreign currencies and enter into short-term foreign currency forward and swap contracts to hedge only those currency exposures associated with certain assets and liabilities, mainly accounts receivable and accounts payable, and cash flows denominated in non-functional currencies.
 
We endeavor to maintain a fully hedged position for certain transaction exposures. These exposures are primarily, but not limited to, revenues, customer and vendor payments and inter-company balances in currencies other than the functional currency unit of the operating entity. The credit risk of our foreign currency forward and swap contracts is minimized since all contracts are with large financial institutions and accordingly, fair value adjustments related to the credit risk of the counter-party financial institution was not material. The gains and losses on forward and swap contracts generally offset the losses and gains on the assets, liabilities and transactions hedged. The fair value of currency forward and swap contracts is reported on the balance sheet. The aggregate notional amount of outstanding contracts as of March 31, 2010 amounted to $2.1 billion and the recorded fair values of the associated asset and/or liability were not material. The majority of these foreign exchange contracts expire in less than three months and all expire within one year. They will settle in Australian dollar, Brazilian real, British pound, Canadian dollar, China renminbi, Czech koruna, Danish krone, Euro, Hungarian forint, Israel shekel, Japanese yen, Malaysian ringgit, Mexican peso, Norwegian krone, Polish zloty, Romanian leu, Singapore dollar, Swedish krona, Swiss franc and U.S. dollar.
 
Based on our overall currency rate exposures as of March 31, 2010, including the derivative financial instruments intended to hedge the nonfunctional currency-denominated monetary assets, liabilities and cash flows, a near-term 10% appreciation or depreciation of the U.S. dollar from its cross-functional rates would not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows over the next fiscal year.


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ITEM 8.   FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Flextronics International Ltd.
Singapore
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Flextronics International Ltd. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2010. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Flextronics International Ltd. and subsidiaries as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2010, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, on April 1, 2009, the Company adopted a new accounting standard related to the accounting for convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash upon conversion.
 
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2010, based on the criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated May 21, 2010 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
 
San Jose, California
May 21, 2010


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
                 
    As of March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands, except share amounts)  
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 1,927,556     $ 1,821,886  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $13,163 and
               
$29,020 as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively
    2,438,950       2,316,939  
Inventories
    2,875,819       2,996,785  
Other current assets
    747,676       799,396  
                 
Total current assets
    7,990,001       7,935,006  
Property and equipment, net
    2,118,576       2,333,781  
Goodwill and other intangible assets, net
    254,717       291,491  
Other assets
    279,258       756,662  
                 
Total assets
  $ 10,642,552     $ 11,316,940  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
               
Bank borrowings, current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations
  $ 266,551     $ 208,403  
Accounts payable
    4,447,968       4,049,534  
Accrued payroll
    347,324       336,123  
Other current liabilities
    1,285,368       1,814,711  
                 
Total current liabilities
    6,347,211       6,408,771  
Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, net of current portion
    1,990,258       2,733,680  
Other liabilities
    320,516       313,321  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)
               
Shareholders’ equity
               
Ordinary shares, no par value; 843,208,876 and 839,412,939 issued, and 813,429,154 and 809,633,217 outstanding as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively
    8,924,769       8,862,008  
Treasury stock, at cost; 29,779,722 shares as of March 31, 2010 and 2009
    (260,074 )     (260,074 )
Accumulated deficit
    (6,664,723 )     (6,683,317 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (15,405 )     (57,449 )
                 
Total shareholders’ equity
    1,984,567       1,861,168  
                 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
  $ 10,642,552     $ 11,316,940  
                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
Net sales
  $ 24,110,733     $ 30,948,575     $ 27,558,135  
Cost of sales
    22,800,733       29,513,011       25,972,787  
Restructuring charges
    92,458       155,134       408,945  
                         
Gross profit
    1,217,542       1,280,430       1,176,403  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    767,134       979,060       807,029  
Intangible amortization
    89,615       135,872       112,317  
Goodwill impairment charge
          5,949,977        
Restructuring charges
    15,070       24,651       38,743  
Other charges, net
    206,895       89,262       61,078  
Interest and other expense, net
    155,603       231,917       133,582  
                         
Income (loss) before income taxes
    (16,775 )     (6,130,309 )     23,654  
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
    (35,369 )     5,209       705,037  
                         
Net income (loss)
  $ 18,594     $ (6,135,518 )   $ (681,383 )
                         
Earnings (loss) per share:
                       
Net income (loss):
                       
Basic
  $ 0.02     $ (7.47 )   $ (0.95 )
                         
Diluted
  $ 0.02     $ (7.47 )   $ (0.95 )
                         
Weighted-average shares used in computing per share amounts:
                       
Basic
    811,677       820,955       720,523  
                         
Diluted
    821,112       820,955       720,523  
                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Net income (loss)
  $  18,594     $  (6,135,518 )   $  (681,383 )
Other comprehensive income:
                       
Foreign currency translation adjustment
    16,409       (32,357 )     24,935  
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments, and other income (loss)
    25,635       (22,983 )     (12,704 )
                         
Comprehensive income (loss)
  $ 60,638     $ (6,190,858 )   $ (669,152 )
                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
                                         
                      Accumulated
       
    Ordinary Shares     Retained
    Other
    Total
 
    Shares
          Earnings
    Comprehensive
    Shareholders’
 
    Outstanding     Amount     (Deficit)     Income (Loss)     Equity  
    (In thousands)  
 
BALANCE AT MARCH 31, 2007, as reported
    607,545     $ 5,923,799     $ 267,200     $   (14,340 )   $ 6,176,659  
Effect of adoption of new accounting standard (See Note 2)
          252,017       (133,616 )           118,401  
                                         
BALANCE AT MARCH 31, 2007, as restated
    607,545       6,175,816       133,584       (14,340 )     6,295,060  
Issuance of ordinary shares for acquisitions
    221,802       2,519,670                   2,519,670  
Fair value of vested options assumed for acquisition
          11,282                   11,282  
Exercise of stock options
    4,291       35,911                   35,911  
Issuance of vested shares under share bonus awards
    1,565                          
Net loss
                (681,383 )           (681,383 )
Stock-based compensation, net of tax
          48,061                   48,061  
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments, and other income (loss), net of taxes
                      (12,704 )     (12,704 )
Foreign currency translation
                      24,935       24,935  
                                         
BALANCE AT MARCH 31, 2008
    835,203       8,790,740       (547,799 )     (2,109 )     8,240,832  
Repurchase of ordinary shares at cost
    (29,780 )     (260,074 )                 (260,074 )
Issuance of ordinary shares for acquisitions
    141       270                   270  
Exercise of stock options
    2,243       13,848                   13,848  
Issuance of vested shares under share bonus awards
    1,826                          
Net loss
                (6,135,518 )           (6,135,518 )
Stock-based compensation, net of tax
          57,150                   57,150  
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments, and other income (loss), net of taxes
                      (22,983 )     (22,983 )
Foreign currency translation
                      (32,357 )     (32,357 )
                                         
BALANCE AT MARCH 31, 2009
    809,633       8,601,934       (6,683,317 )     (57,449 )     1,861,168  
Exercise of stock options
    2,497       6,026                   6,026  
Issuance of vested shares under share bonus awards
    1,299                          
Net income
                18,594             18,594  
Stock-based compensation, net of tax
          56,735                   56,735  
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments, and other income (loss), net of taxes
                      25,635       25,635  
Foreign currency translation
                      16,409       16,409  
                                         
BALANCE AT MARCH 31, 2010
    813,429     $ 8,664,695     $ (6,664,723 )   $ (15,405 )   $ 1,984,567  
                                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 18,594     $ (6,135,518 )   $ (681,383 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
                       
Depreciation, amortization and other impairment charges
    707,530       693,597       712,840  
Goodwill impairment charge
          5,949,977        
(Gain) loss on debt repurchases
    10,437       (22,325 )      
Provision for doubtful accounts
    44,066       73,845       1,090  
Foreign currency gain on liquidation
          (6,862 )      
Non-cash interest income and other
    26,146       (6,366 )     6,819  
Stock compensation
    56,474       56,914       47,641  
Deferred income taxes and other non-cash income taxes
    (108,272 )     (19,899 )     633,850  
Gain on divestitures of operations
                (9,733 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
                       
Accounts receivable
    (121,194 )     1,025,434       (241,959 )
Inventories
    141,754       1,128,936       205,584  
Other current and noncurrent assets
    19,189       242,525       (82,506 )
Accounts payable
    413,053       (1,212,108 )     335,356  
Other current and noncurrent liabilities
    (408,861 )     (451,371 )     115,234  
                         
Net cash provided by operating activities
    798,916       1,316,779       1,042,833  
                         
Cash flows from investing activities:
                       
Purchases of property and equipment, net of disposition
    (176,463 )     (462,079 )     (327,547 )
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
    (75,901 )     (214,496 )     (629,182 )
Proceeds from divestitures of operations
          5,269       11,138  
Other investments and notes receivable, net
    260,188       26,450       10,220  
                         
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
    7,824       (644,856 )     (935,371 )
                         
Cash flows from financing activities:
                       
Proceeds from bank borrowings and long-term debt
    792,856       11,259,472       7,861,739  
Repayments of bank borrowings and long-term debt
    (1,002,668 )     (11,433,848 )     (6,935,508 )
Payments for early repurchase of long-term debt
    (509,486 )     (226,199 )      
Payments for repurchases of ordinary shares
          (260,074 )      
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    6,026       13,848       35,911  
                         
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
    (713,272 )     (646,801 )     962,142  
                         
Effect of exchange rates on cash
    12,202       76,816       (64,181 )
                         
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
    105,670       101,938       1,005,423  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year
    1,821,886       1,719,948       714,525  
                         
Cash and cash equivalents, end of year
  $ 1,927,556     $ 1,821,886     $ 1,719,948  
                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
1.   ORGANIZATION OF THE COMPANY
 
Flextronics International Ltd. (“Flextronics” or the “Company”) was incorporated in the Republic of Singapore in May 1990. The Company’s operations have expanded over the years by a combination of internal expansion and acquisitions, including the acquisition of Solectron Corporation (“Solectron”) in fiscal year 2008 (see Note 12). The Company is a leading provider of advanced design and electronics manufacturing services (“EMS”) to original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) of a broad range of products in the following markets: infrastructure; mobile communication devices; computing; consumer digital devices; industrial, semiconductor capital equipment, clean technology, aerospace and defense, and white goods; automotive and marine; and medical devices. The Company’s strategy is to provide customers with a full range of vertically-integrated global supply chain services through which the Company designs, builds, ships and services a complete packaged product for its OEM customers. OEM customers leverage the Company’s services to meet their product requirements throughout the entire product life cycle.
 
The Company’s service offerings include rigid printed circuit board and flexible circuit fabrication, systems assembly and manufacturing (including enclosures, testing services, materials procurement and inventory management), logistics, after-sales services (including product repair, re-manufacturing and maintenance) and multiple component product offerings. Additionally, the Company provides market-specific design and engineering services ranging from contract design services (“CDM”), where the customer purchases services on a time and materials basis, to original product design and manufacturing services, where the customer purchases a product that was designed, developed and manufactured by the Company (commonly referred to as original design manufacturing, or “ODM”). ODM products are then sold by the Company’s OEM customers under the OEM’s brand names. The Company’s CDM and ODM services include user interface and industrial design, mechanical engineering and tooling design, electronic system design and printed circuit board design. The Company also provides after market services such as logistics, repair and warranty services.
 
2.   SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
 
The Company’s third fiscal quarter ends on December 31, and the fourth fiscal quarter and year ends on March 31 of each year. The first fiscal quarter ended on July 3, 2009, June 27, 2008 and June 29, 2007, respectively and the second fiscal quarter ended on October 2, 2009, September 26, 2008 and September 28, 2007, respectively. Amounts included in the consolidated financial statements are expressed in U.S. dollars unless otherwise designated.
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Flextronics and its majority-owned subsidiaries, after elimination of intercompany accounts and transactions. The Company consolidates all majority-owned subsidiaries and investments in entities in which the Company has a controlling interest. For consolidated majority-owned subsidiaries in which the Company owns less than 100%, the Company recognizes a minority interest for the ownership of the minority owners. As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, minority interest was not material. The associated minority owners’ interest in the income or losses of these companies has not been material to the Company’s results of operations for fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, and has been classified within Interest and other expense, net, in the consolidated statements of operations.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP” or “GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates are used in accounting for, among other things: allowances for doubtful accounts; inventory write-downs; valuation


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
allowances for deferred tax assets; uncertain tax positions; valuation and useful lives of long-lived assets including property, equipment, intangible assets and goodwill; asset impairments; fair values of financial instruments including investments, notes receivable and derivative instruments; restructuring charges; contingencies; fair values of assets and liabilities obtained in business combinations and the fair values of options granted under the Company’s stock-based compensation plans. Actual results may differ from previously estimated amounts, and such differences may be material to the consolidated financial statements. Estimates and assumptions are reviewed periodically, and the effects of revisions are reflected in the period they occur.
 
Translation of Foreign Currencies
 
The financial position and results of operations for certain of the Company’s subsidiaries are measured using a currency other than the U.S. dollar as their functional currency. Accordingly, all assets and liabilities for these subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars at the current exchange rates as of the respective balance sheet date. Revenue and expense items are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the period. Cumulative gains and losses from the translation of these subsidiaries’ financial statements are reported as a separate component of shareholders’ equity. Foreign exchange gains and losses arising from transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of the entity involved, and re-measurement adjustments for foreign operations where the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, are included in operating results. Non-functional currency transaction gains and losses, and re-measurement adjustments were not material to the Company’s consolidated results of operations for fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, and have been classified as a component of interest and other expense, net in the consolidated statement of operations.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
The Company recognizes manufacturing revenue when it ships goods or the goods are received by its customer, title and risk of ownership have passed, the price to the buyer is fixed or determinable and recoverability is reasonably assured. Generally, there are no formal customer acceptance requirements or further obligations related to manufacturing services. If such requirements or obligations exist, then the Company recognizes the related revenues at the time when such requirements are completed and the obligations are fulfilled. The Company makes provisions for estimated sales returns and other adjustments at the time revenue is recognized based upon contractual terms and an analysis of historical returns. These provisions were not material to the consolidated financial statements for the 2010, 2009 and 2008 fiscal years.
 
The Company provides services for its customers that range from contract design to original product design to repair services. The Company recognizes service revenue when the services have been performed, and the related costs are expensed as incurred. Net sales for services were less than 10% of the Company’s total sales in the 2010, 2009 and 2008 fiscal years, and accordingly, are included in net sales in the consolidated statements of operations.
 
Customer Credit Risk
 
The Company has an established customer credit policy, through which it manages customer credit exposures through credit evaluations, credit limit setting, monitoring, and enforcement of credit limits for new and existing customers. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and makes provisions for doubtful accounts based on the outcome of those credit evaluations. The Company evaluates the collectability of its accounts receivable based on specific customer circumstances, current economic trends, historical experience with collections and the age of past due receivables. To the extent the Company identifies exposures as a result of credit or customer evaluations, the Company also reviews other customer related exposures, including but not limited to inventory and related contractual obligations. During fiscal year 2009, the Company incurred $262.7 million of charges relating to Nortel and other customers that filed for bankruptcy or restructuring protection or otherwise experienced significant financial and liquidity difficulties. Of these charges, the Company classified approximately $189.5 million in cost of sales related to the write-down of inventory and associated


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
contractual obligations and $73.3 million as selling, general and administrative expenses for provisions for doubtful accounts during fiscal year 2009. We do not expect to incur additional charges relating to Nortel or other customers referenced above.
 
In November 2009, the Company agreed to a settlement with Nortel primarily related to pre-bankruptcy petition claims. As a result, the Company revised its estimates related to the recovery of Nortel accounts receivable, certain retirement and contractual obligations and other claims. In addition, the Company has continued to recover amounts related to previously reserved inventory as a result of continuing business with Nortel post bankruptcy. During fiscal year 2010, the Company recorded a net $2.3 million reduction to the original charge, which included a reduction to cost of sales of $26.3 million and an increase to selling, general and administrative expenses of $24.0 million.
 
Concentration of Credit Risk
 
Financial instruments, which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk, are primarily accounts receivable, cash and cash equivalents, investments, and derivative instruments.
 
The following table summarizes the activity in the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts during fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008:
 
                                 
    Balance at
    Charged to
          Balance at
 
    Beginning
    Costs and
    Deductions/
    End of
 
    of Year     Expenses     Write-Offs     Year  
    (In thousands)  
 
Allowance for doubtful accounts:
                               
Year ended March 31, 2008
  $ 17,074     $ 1,326     $ (1,668 )   $ 16,732  
Year ended March 31, 2009
  $ 16,732     $ 73,845     $ (61,557 )   $ 29,020  
Year ended March 31, 2010
  $ 29,020     $ 44,066     $ (59,923 )   $ 13,163  
 
The amount charged to costs and expenses net of deductions/write-offs for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 includes $42.2 million and $52.6 million, respectively, attributable to Nortel discussed under Customer Credit Risk above.
 
One customer accounted for approximately 10% of the Company’s net sales in fiscal 2010. A separate customer accounted for approximately 11% and 16% of the Company’s net sales in fiscal years 2009 and 2008, respectively. The Company’s ten largest customers accounted for approximately 47%, 50% and 55% of its net sales, in fiscal years 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively. As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, no single customer accounted for greater than 10% of the Company’s total accounts receivable.
 
The Company maintains cash and cash equivalents with various financial institutions that management believes to be of high credit quality. These financial institutions are located in many different locations throughout the world. The Company’s cash equivalents are primarily comprised of cash deposited in checking and money market accounts. The Company’s investment policy limits the amount of credit exposure to 20% of the total investment portfolio in any single issuer.
 
The amount subject to credit risk related to derivative instruments is generally limited to the amount, if any, by which a counterparty’s obligations exceed the obligations of the Company with that counterparty. To manage counterparty risk, the Company limits its derivative transactions to those with recognized financial institutions. See additional discussion of derivatives at Note 5.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
All highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less from original dates of purchase are carried at cost, which approximates fair market value, and are considered to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash deposited in checking accounts, money market funds and time deposits.
 
Cash and cash equivalents consisted of the following:
 
                 
    As of March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
 
Cash and bank balances
  $ 715,146     $ 1,024,694  
Money market funds and time deposits
    1,212,410       797,192  
                 
    $ 1,927,556     $ 1,821,886  
                 
 
Inventories
 
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (on a first-in, first-out basis) or market value. The stated cost is comprised of direct materials, labor and overhead. The components of inventories, net of applicable lower of cost or market write-downs, were as follows:
 
                 
    As of March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
 
Raw materials
  $ 1,874,244     $ 1,907,584  
Work-in-progress
    480,216       524,038  
Finished goods
    521,359       565,163  
                 
    $ 2,875,819     $ 2,996,785  
                 
 
Property and Equipment
 
Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation and amortization is recognized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, with the exception of building leasehold improvements, which are amortized over the term of the lease, if shorter. Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Property and equipment was comprised of the following:
 
                     
    Depreciable
           
    Life
  As of March 31,  
    (In Years)   2010     2009  
        (In thousands)  
 
Machinery and equipment
  3-10   $ 2,286,988     $ 2,335,273  
Buildings
  30     963,460       1,019,454  
Leasehold improvements
  up to 30     250,373       237,136  
Furniture, fixtures, computer equipment and software
  3-7     367,206       404,477  
Land
      137,959       150,204  
Construction-in-progress
      145,925       97,565  
                     
          4,151,911       4,244,109  
Accumulated depreciation and amortization
        (2,033,335 )     (1,910,328 )
                     
Property and equipment, net
      $ 2,118,576     $ 2,333,781  
                     


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Total depreciation expense associated with property and equipment amounted to approximately $375.9 million, $385.5 million and $338.4 million in fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Proceeds from the disposition of property and equipment were $58.1 million, $51.9 million and $140.3 million in fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, and are presented net with purchases of property and equipment within cash flows from investing activities in the consolidated statements of cash flows. Property and equipment excludes assets no longer in use and held for sale as a result of restructuring activities, as discussed in Note 9.
 
The Company reviews property and equipment for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of property and equipment is measured by comparing its carrying amount to the projected undiscounted cash flows the property and equipment are expected to generate. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of a long-lived asset exceeds its fair value. Refer to Note 9, “Restructuring Charges” for a discussion of impairment charges recorded in fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008.
 
Deferred Income Taxes
 
The Company provides for income taxes in accordance with the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amount and the tax basis of existing assets and liabilities by applying the applicable statutory tax rate to such differences.
 
Accounting for Business and Asset Acquisitions
 
The Company has actively pursued business and asset acquisitions, which are accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting. The fair value of the net assets acquired and the results of the acquired businesses are included in the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements from the acquisition dates forward. The Company is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and results of operations during the reporting period. Estimates are used in accounting for, among other things, the fair value of acquired net operating assets, property and equipment, intangible assets and related deferred tax liabilities, useful lives of plant and equipment and amortizable lives for acquired intangible assets. Any excess of the purchase consideration over the identified fair value of the assets and liabilities acquired is recognized as goodwill.
 
The Company estimates the preliminary fair value of acquired assets and liabilities as of the date of acquisition based on information available at that time. Contingent consideration is recorded at fair value as of the date of the acquisition with subsequent adjustments recorded in earnings. Changes to valuation allowances on acquired deferred tax assets are recognized in the provision for, or benefit from, income taxes. The valuation of these tangible and identifiable intangible assets and liabilities is subject to further management review and may change materially between the preliminary allocation and end of the purchase price allocation period. Any changes in these estimates may have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated operating results or financial position.
 
Goodwill and Other Intangibles
 
Goodwill is tested for impairment on an annual basis, and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of goodwill may not be recoverable. Recoverability of goodwill is measured at the reporting unit level by comparing the reporting unit’s carrying amount, including goodwill, to the fair value of the reporting unit, which is measured based upon, among other factors, market multiples for comparable companies as well as a discounted cash flow analysis. The Company has one reporting unit: Electronic Manufacturing Services. If the recorded value of the assets, including goodwill, and liabilities (“net book value”) of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss may be required to be recognized. Further, to the extent the net book value of the Company as a whole is greater than its market capitalization, all, or a significant portion of its goodwill may be considered impaired. The Company completed its annual impairment test during its fourth quarter of fiscal year


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
2010 and determined that no impairment existed as of the date of the impairment test. The fair value of the reporting unit significantly exceeded the carrying value.
 
During its third fiscal quarter of 2009, which ended December 31, 2008, the Company concluded that an interim goodwill impairment analysis was required based on the significant decline in the Company’s market capitalization during the quarter. This decline in market capitalization was driven largely by deteriorating macroeconomic conditions that contributed to a considerable decrease in market multiples as well as a decline in the Company’s estimated discounted cash flows.
 
Pursuant to the accounting guidance for goodwill and other intangible assets, the measurement of impairment of goodwill consists of two steps. In the first step, the fair value of the Company is compared to its carrying value. In connection with the preparation of interim financial statements for the period ended December 31, 2008, management completed a valuation of the Company, which incorporated existing market-based considerations as well as a discounted cash flow methodology based on current results and projections, and concluded the estimated fair value of the Company was less than its net book value. Accordingly the guidance required a second step to determine the implied fair value of the Company’s goodwill, and to compare it to the carrying value of the Company’s goodwill. This second step included valuing all of the tangible and intangible assets and liabilities of the Company as if it had been acquired in a business combination, including valuing all of the Company’s intangible assets even if they were not currently recorded to determine the implied fair value of goodwill. The result of this assessment indicated that the implied fair value of goodwill as of that date was zero. As a result, the Company recognized a non-cash impairment charge of approximately $5.9 billion during the quarter ended December 31, 2008 to write-off the entire carrying value of its goodwill.
 
The following table summarizes the activity in the Company’s goodwill account during fiscal years 2010 and 2009:
 
                 
    As of March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
 
Balance, beginning of the year
  $   36,776     $   5,559,351  
Additions(1)
    17,635       118,240  
Impairment
          (5,949,977 )
Purchase accounting adjustments and reclassification to other intangibles(2)
    31,646       385,275  
Foreign currency translation adjustments
    (1,697 )     (76,113 )
                 
Balance, as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, net of accumulated impairment of $5,949,977, respectively
  $   84,360     $ 36,776  
                 
 
 
(1) For fiscal years 2010 and 2009, additions were attributable to certain acquisitions that were not individually, nor in the aggregate, significant to the Company. Refer to the discussion of the Company’s acquisitions in Note 12, “Business and Asset Acquisitions and Divestitures.”
 
(2) Includes adjustments and reclassifications resulting from management’s review and finalization of the valuation of assets and liabilities acquired through certain business combinations completed in a period subsequent to the respective acquisition, based on management’s estimates. Adjustments and reclassifications during fiscal year 2010 was attributable to purchase accounting adjustments for certain historical acquisitions that were not individually significant to the Company. Adjustments and reclassifications during fiscal year 2009 included approximately $362.5 million attributable to the Company’s October 2007 acquisition of Solectron, and other purchase accounting adjustments for certain acquisitions that were not individually significant to the Company. Refer to the discussion of the Company’s acquisitions in Note 12, “Business and Asset Acquisitions and Divestitures.”
 
The Company’s acquired intangible assets are subject to amortization over their estimated useful lives and are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an intangible may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an intangible asset exceeds its fair value. The Company reviewed the carrying value of its intangible assets concurrent with its


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
testing of goodwill for impairment for the period ended March 31, 2010 and concluded that such amounts continued to be recoverable.
 
Intangible assets are comprised of customer-related intangibles, which primarily include contractual agreements and customer relationships; and licenses and other intangibles, which is primarily comprised of licenses and also includes patents and trademarks, and developed technologies. Generally customer-related intangibles are amortized on an accelerated method based on expected cash flows, generally over a period of up to eight years, and licenses and other intangibles generally over a period of up to seven years. No residual value is estimated for any intangible assets. During fiscal year 2010, the Company did not have any material additions to intangible assets. During fiscal year 2009, the Company added approximately $71.6 million of intangible assets comprised of approximately $56.8 million related to customer related intangible assets, and approximately $14.8 million related to acquired licenses and other intangibles. The fair value of the Company’s intangible assets purchased through business combinations is principally determined based on management’s estimates of cash flow and recoverability. The Company is in the process of determining the fair value of its intangible assets acquired from certain acquisitions made in fiscal 2010. Such valuations will be completed within one year of purchase. Accordingly, these amounts represent preliminary estimates, which are subject to change upon finalization of purchase accounting, and any such change may have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations. The components of acquired intangible assets are as follows:
 
                                                 
    As of March 31, 2010     As of March 31, 2009  
    Gross
          Net
    Gross
          Net
 
    Carrying
    Accumulated
    Carrying
    Carrying
    Accumulated
    Carrying
 
    Amount     Amortization     Amount     Amount     Amortization     Amount  
          (In thousands)                 (In thousands)        
 
Intangible assets:
                                               
Customer-related intangibles
  $ 506,595     $ (355,409 )   $ 151,186     $ 506,449     $ (280,046 )   $ 226,403  
Licenses and other intangibles
    54,792       (35,621 )     19,171       54,559       (26,247 )     28,312  
                                                 
Total
  $ 561,387     $ (391,030 )   $ 170,357     $ 561,008     $ (306,293 )   $ 254,715  
                                                 
 
Total intangible amortization expense recognized during fiscal years 2010, 2009, and 2008 was $89.6 million, $135.9 million, and $112.3 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2010, the weighted-average remaining useful lives of the Company’s intangible assets were approximately 2.2 years and 3.2 years for customer-related intangibles, and licenses and other intangibles, respectively. The estimated future annual amortization expense for acquired intangible assets is as follows:
 
         
Fiscal Year Ending March 31,
  Amount  
    (In thousands)  
 
2011
  $ 64,433  
2012
    42,311  
2013
    28,786  
2014
    18,964  
2015
    9,506  
Thereafter
    6,357  
         
Total amortization expense
  $ 170,357  
         
         
 
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
 
All derivative instruments are recognized on the consolidated balance sheet at fair value. If the derivative instrument is designated as a cash flow hedge, effectiveness is measured quarterly based on a regression of the forward rate on the derivative instrument against the forward rate for the furthest time period the hedged item can be


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
recognized and still be within the documented hedge period. The effective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative instrument is recognized in shareholders’ equity as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income, and recognized in the consolidated statement of operations when the hedged item affects earnings. Ineffective portions of changes in the fair value of cash flow hedges are recognized in earnings immediately. If the derivative instrument is designated as a fair value hedge, the changes in the fair value of the derivative instrument and of the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk are recognized in earnings in the current period. Additional information is included in Note 5.
 
Other Assets
 
The Company has certain equity investments in, and notes receivable from, non-publicly traded companies, which are included within other assets in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Non-majority-owned investments are accounted for using the equity method when the Company has an ownership percentage equal to or greater than 20%, or has the ability to significantly influence the operating decisions of the issuer; otherwise the cost method is used. The Company monitors these investments for impairment and makes appropriate reductions in carrying values as required. Fair values of these investments, when required, are estimated using unobservable inputs, primarily discounted cash flow projections.
 
As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company’s equity investments in non-majority owned companies totaled $27.3 million and $120.7 million, respectively, of which $1.9 million and $7.0 million, respectively, were accounted for using the equity method. Notes receivable from these investments were $0 and $352.9 million as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The equity in the earnings or losses of the Company’s equity method investments were not material to the consolidated results of operations for fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008.
 
In August 2009, the Company sold its entire interest in one of its non-majority owned investments and related note receivable for cash of approximately $252.5 million, net of closing costs. In conjunction with this transaction, the Company recognized an impairment charge of approximately $107.4 million during the first quarter of 2010. During the second quarter fiscal 2010, as a result deterioration in the business prospects, cash flow expectations, and increased liquidity concerns, the Company recognized charges totaling approximately $92.0 million associated with the other-than-temporary impairment of our notes receivable from one affiliate and an equity investment in another affiliate. Total impairment charges related to the Company’s equity investments and notes receivable for fiscal year 2010 were approximately $199.4 million and are included in Other charges, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. During fiscal year 2009, the Company recognized an approximate $74.1 million impairment charge to write-down notes receivable from an affiliate to its expected recoverable amount, which was included in Other charges, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
 
In January 2008, the Company liquidated all of its approximately 35% investment in the common stock of an affiliate, which was accounted for under the equity method. The Company decided to sell its investment to the majority holder rather than participate in a new equity round of financing. The Company received approximately $57.4 million of cash proceeds in connection with the divestiture of this equity investment and recognized an impairment loss of approximately $48.5 million based on the price at which it was sold.
 
Restructuring Charges
 
The Company recognizes restructuring charges related to its plans to close or consolidate excess manufacturing and administrative facilities. In connection with these activities, the Company records restructuring charges for employee termination costs, long-lived asset impairment and other exit-related costs.
 
The recognition of restructuring charges requires the Company to make certain judgments and estimates regarding the nature, timing and amount of costs associated with the planned exit activity. To the extent the Company’s actual results differ from its estimates and assumptions, the Company may be required to revise the estimates of future liabilities, requiring the recognition of additional restructuring charges or the reduction of


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
liabilities already recognized. Such changes to previously estimated amounts may be material to the consolidated financial statements. At the end of each reporting period, the Company evaluates the remaining accrued balances to ensure that no excess accruals are retained and the utilization of the provisions are for their intended purpose in accordance with developed exit plans. See Note 9 for additional information regarding restructuring charges.
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
Equity Compensation Plans
 
As of March 31, 2010, the Company grants equity compensation awards from four plans: the 2001 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2001 Plan”), the 2002 Interim Incentive Plan (the “2002 Plan”), the 2004 Award Plan for New Employees (the “2004 Plan”) and the Solectron Corporation 2002 Stock Plan, which was assumed by the Company as a result of its acquisition of Solectron. These plans are collectively referred to as the Company’s equity compensation plans below.
 
  •  The 2001 Plan provides for grants of up to 62.0 million ordinary shares (plus shares available under prior Company plans and assumed plans consolidated into the 2001 Plan). The 2001 Plan provides for grants of incentive and nonqualified stock options and share bonus awards to employees, officers and non-employee directors. Options issued to employees under the 2001 Plan generally vest over four years and generally expire either seven or ten years from the date of grant. Options granted to non-employee directors expire five years from the date of grant.
 
  •  The 2002 Plan provides for grants of up to 20.0 million ordinary shares. The 2002 Plan provides for grants of nonqualified stock options and share bonus awards to employees and officers. Options issued under the 2002 Plan generally vest over four years and generally expire either seven or ten years from the date of grant. Share bonus awards generally vest in installments over a three to five year period.
 
  •  The 2004 Plan provides for grants of up to 10.0 million ordinary shares. The 2004 Plan provides for grants of nonqualified stock options and share bonus awards to new employees. Options issued under the 2004 Plan generally vest over four years and generally expire either seven or ten years from the date of grant. Share bonus awards generally vest in installments over a three to five year period.
 
  •  In connection with the acquisition of Solectron (see Note 12), the Company assumed the Solectron corporation 2002 Stock Plan (the “SLR Plan”), including all options to purchase Solectron common stock with exercise prices equal to, or less than, $5.00 per share of Solectron common stock outstanding under such plan. Each option assumed was converted into an option to acquire the Company’s ordinary shares and the Company assumed approximately 7.4 million vested and unvested options with exercise prices ranging between $5.45 and $14.41 per Flextronics ordinary share. Further, there were approximately 19.4 million shares available for grant under the SLR Plan when it was assumed by the Company.
 
The SLR plan provides for grants of nonqualified stock options to new employees and to legacy Solectron employees who joined the Company in connection with the acquisition. Options issued under the SLR Plan generally vest over four years and generally expire either seven or ten years from the date of grant.
 
The exercise price of options granted under the Company’s equity compensation plans is determined by the Company’s Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee and typically equals or exceeds the closing price of the Company’s ordinary shares on the date of grant.
 
The Company grants share bonus awards under its equity compensation plans. Share bonus awards are rights to acquire a specified number of ordinary shares for no cash consideration in exchange for continued service with the Company. Share bonus awards generally vest in installments over a three to five year period and unvested share bonus awards are forfeited upon termination of employment. Vesting for certain share bonus awards is contingent upon both service and performance criteria.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Stock-Based Compensation Expense
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s stock-based compensation expense:
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Cost of sales
  $ 10,847     $ 9,283     $ 6,850  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    45,627       47,631       40,791  
                         
Total stock-based compensation expense
  $      56,474     $      56,914     $      47,641  
                         
                         
 
As required by the authoritative guidance for stock-based compensation, management made an estimate of expected forfeitures and is recognizing compensation costs only for those equity awards expected to vest. When estimating forfeitures, the Company considers voluntary termination behavior as well as an analysis of actual option forfeitures. Total stock-based compensation capitalized as part of inventory during the fiscal years ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was not material.
 
As of March 31, 2010, the total compensation cost related to unvested stock options granted to employees under the Company’s equity compensation plans, but not yet recognized, was approximately $60.5 million. This cost will be amortized on a straight-line basis over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.0 years and will be adjusted for estimated forfeitures. As of March 31, 2010, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested share bonus awards granted to employees under the Company’s equity compensation plans was approximately $54.4 million. This cost will be amortized generally on a straight-line basis over a weighted-average period of approximately 1.2 years and will be adjusted for estimated forfeitures. Approximately $27.4 million of the unrecognized compensation cost is related to share bonus awards where vesting is contingent upon meeting both a service requirement and achievement of longer-term goals. As further discussed below, this cost will not be recognized unless it is determined that vesting of these awards is probable.
 
Cash flows resulting from excess tax benefits (tax benefits related to the excess of proceeds from employee exercises of stock options over the stock-based compensation cost recognized for those options) are classified as financing cash flows pursuant to the authoritative guidance. During fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, the Company did not recognize any excess tax benefits as a financing cash inflow related to its equity compensation plans.
 
Determining Fair Value
 
Valuation and Amortization Method — The Company estimates the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes option-pricing formula and a single option award approach. This fair value is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service periods of the awards, which is generally the vesting period. The fair market value of share bonus awards granted is the closing price of the Company’s ordinary shares on the date of grant and is generally recognized as compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the respective vesting period. For share bonus awards where vesting is contingent upon both a service and a performance condition, compensation expense is recognized on a graded attribute basis over the respective requisite service period of the award when achievement of the performance condition is considered probable.
 
Expected Term — The Company’s expected term used in the Black-Scholes valuation method represents the period that the Company’s stock options are expected to be outstanding and is determined based on historical experience of similar awards, giving consideration to the contractual terms of the stock options, vesting schedules and expectations of future employee behavior as influenced by changes to the terms of its stock options.
 
Expected Volatility — The Company’s expected volatility used in the Black-Scholes valuation method is derived from a combination of implied volatility related to publicly traded options to purchase Flextronics ordinary shares and historical variability in the Company’s periodic stock price.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Expected Dividend — The Company has never paid dividends on its ordinary shares and currently does not intend to do so in the near term, and accordingly, the dividend yield percentage is zero for all periods.
 
Risk-Free Interest Rate — The Company bases the risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes valuation method on the implied yield currently available on U.S. Treasury constant maturities issued with a term equivalent to the expected term of the option.
 
The fair value of the Company’s stock options granted to employees for fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, other than those granted in connection with the option exchange in fiscal year 2010 and those with market criteria discussed below, was estimated using the following weighted-average assumptions:
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Expected term
    4.5 years       4.2 years       4.6 years  
Expected volatility
    53.8 %     51.0 %     36.2 %
Expected dividends
    0.0 %     0.0 %     0.0 %
Risk-free interest rate
    1.3 %     2.2 %     4.2 %
Weighted-average fair value
  $ 2.75     $ 2.22     $ 4.29  
                         
 
Options granted during the 2010 and 2009 fiscal years had contractual lives of seven years, and options granted during fiscal year 2008 had contractual lives of ten years.
 
During the 2009 fiscal year, 2.7 million options were granted to certain key employees which vest over a period of four years. These options expire seven years from the date of grant and are exercisable only when the Company’s stock price is $12.50 per share, or above. The fair value of these options was estimated to be $4.25 per share and were calculated using a lattice model.
 
Stock-Based Awards Activity
 
On July 14, 2009, the Company launched an exchange offer under which eligible employees had the opportunity to voluntarily exchange their eligible outstanding stock options for a lesser amount of replacement stock options with new exercise prices equal to the closing price of the Company’s ordinary shares on the date of exchange (the “Exchange”). The Exchange offer was not open to the Company’s Board of Directors or its executive officers. To be eligible for exchange an option must: (i) have had an exercise price of at least $10.00 per share, (ii) have been outstanding, and (iii) have been granted at least 12 months prior to the commencement date of the Exchange offer. All replacement option grants were subject to a vesting schedule of two, three or four years from the date of grant of the replacement options depending on the remaining vesting period of the option grants surrendered for cancellation in the Exchange. Stock options with exercise prices between $10.00 and $11.99 were exchangeable for new options at a rate of 1.5 existing options per new option grant, and stock options with exercise prices of $12.00 or more were exchangeable at a rate of 2.4 existing options per new option grant. Outstanding options covering approximately 29.8 million shares were eligible to participate in the Exchange.
 
The Exchange was completed on August 11, 2009. Approximately 27.9 million stock options were tendered in the Exchange, and approximately 16.9 million replacement options were granted with an exercise price of $5.57, a weighted average vesting term of 1.58 years, and a contractual life of 7 years. The Exchange was accounted for as a modification of the existing option awards tendered in the Exchange. As a result of the Exchange, the Company will recognize approximately $1.8 million in incremental compensation expense over the expected service period of the replacement grants’ vesting terms.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The following is a summary of option activity for the Company’s equity compensation plans, excluding unvested share bonus awards (“Price” reflects the weighted-average exercise price):
 
                                                 
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    Options     Price     Options     Price     Options     Price  
 
Outstanding, beginning of fiscal year
    81,927,879     $ 9.13       52,541,413     $ 11.67       51,821,915     $ 11.63  
Granted
    869,600       6.17       43,586,251       6.21       5,391,475       11.66  
Granted under option exchange program
    16,867,452       5.57                          
Assumed in business combination (Note 12)
                            7,355,133       10.68  
Exercised
    (2,496,254 )     6.54       (2,242,639 )     6.13       (4,291,426 )     8.39  
Forfeited
    (6,376,879 )     9.50       (11,957,146 )     10.16       (7,735,684 )     12.31  
Cancelled under option exchange program
    (27,923,229 )     11.85                          
                                                 
Outstanding, end of fiscal year
    62,868,569     $ 7.16       81,927,879     $ 9.13       52,541,413     $ 11.67  
                                                 
Options exercisable, end of fiscal year
    24,989,665     $ 10.71       34,329,956     $ 12.51       39,931,387     $ 11.80  
                                                 
 
The aggregate intrinsic value of options exercised (calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the underlying award and the price of the Company’s ordinary shares determined as of the time of option exercise) under the Company’s equity compensation plans was $10.3 million, $6.3 million and $14.5 million during fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
Cash received from option exercises under all equity compensation plans was $6.0 million, $13.8 million and $35.9 million for fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
The following table presents the composition of options outstanding and exercisable as of March 31, 2010:
 
                                         
    Options Outstanding     Options Exercisable  
          Weighted
                   
          Average
                   
          Remaining
    Weighted
          Weighted
 
    Number of
    Contractual
    Average
    Number of
    Average
 
    Shares
    Life
    Exercise
    Shares
    Exercise
 
Range of Exercise Prices
  Outstanding     (In Years)     Price     Exercisable     Price  
 
$  1.94 – $ 2.26
    19,075,550       5.71     $ 2.22       3,129,575     $ 2.20  
$  3.35 – $ 5.75
    16,316,384       6.35       5.56       29,612       5.39  
$  5.87 – $ 7.07
    1,215,915       3.61       6.01       828,215       5.89  
$  7.08 – $10.60
    12,457,294       4.60       9.83       7,330,221       9.54  
$ 10.67 – $11.41
    1,593,383       5.81       11.13       1,509,717       11.12  
$ 11.53 – $13.98
    8,444,327       4.39       12.44       8,396,609       12.44  
$ 14.34 – $23.19
    3,765,716       3.30       17.16       3,765,716       17.16  
                                         
$ 1.94 – $23.19
    62,868,569       5.30     $ 7.16       24,989,665     $ 10.71  
                                         
Options vested and expected to vest
    61,157,681       5.28     $ 7.23                  
                                         
 
As of March 31, 2010, the aggregate intrinsic value for options outstanding, options vested and expected to vest (which includes adjustments for expected forfeitures), and options exercisable were $146.9 million,


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
$140.9 million and $19.4 million, respectively. The aggregate intrinsic value is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the underlying awards and the quoted price of the Company’s ordinary shares as of March 31, 2010 for the approximately 37.1 million options that were in-the-money at March 31, 2010. As of March 31, 2010, the weighted average remaining contractual life for options exercisable was 4.3 years.
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s share bonus award activity (“Price” reflects the weighted-average grant-date fair value):
 
                                                 
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    Shares     Price     Shares     Price     Shares     Price  
 
Unvested share bonus awards outstanding, beginning of fiscal year
    10,456,905     $ 10.31       8,866,364     $ 10.70       4,332,500     $ 8.11  
Granted
    523,229       7.08       4,364,194       9.30       6,540,197       11.42  
Vested
    (1,331,357 )     8.98       (1,825,252 )     9.41       (1,564,733 )     6.71  
Forfeited
    (847,168 )     10.40       (948,401 )     11.08       (441,600 )     10.24  
                                                 
Unvested share bonus awards outstanding, end of fiscal year
    8,801,609     $ 10.31       10,456,905     $ 10.31       8,866,364     $ 10.70  
                                                 
 
Of the unvested share bonus awards granted under the Company’s equity compensation plans during fiscal years 2009 and 2008, 1,930,000 and 1,162,500, respectively, were granted to certain key employees whereby vesting is contingent upon both a service requirement and the Company’s achievement of certain longer-term goals over a period of three to five years. Due to a change in business outlook, which has been significantly impacted by the macroeconomic decline which began in fiscal 2009, management believes that achievement of these longer-term goals is no longer probable. Accordingly, approximately 2.8 million of these unvested share bonus awards are not expected to vest. As a result, in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2009, approximately $8.9 million in cumulative compensation expense previously recognized through December 31, 2008 (including $4.7 million recognized in fiscal years 2008 and prior) for share bonus awards with both a service requirement and a performance condition was reversed. Compensation expense will not be recognized for these share bonus awards unless management determines it is again probable these share bonus awards will vest for which a cumulative catch-up of expense would be recorded.
 
The total intrinsic value of shares vested under the Company’s equity compensation plans was $7.0 million, $17.2 million and $17.7 million during fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, based on the closing price of the Company’s ordinary shares on the date vested.
 
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
 
Basic earnings per share exclude dilution and is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the applicable periods.
 
Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution from stock options, share bonus awards and convertible securities. The potential dilution from stock options exercisable into ordinary share equivalents and share bonus awards was computed using the treasury stock method based on the average fair market value of the Company’s ordinary shares for the period. The potential dilution from the conversion spread (excess of conversion value over face value) of the Subordinated Notes convertible into ordinary share equivalents was calculated as the quotient of the conversion spread and the average fair market value of the Company’s ordinary shares for the period.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The following table reflects the basic weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding and diluted weighted-average ordinary share equivalents used to calculate basic and diluted income per share:
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
Basic earnings (loss) per share:
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 18,594     $ (6,135,518 )   $ (681,383 )
Shares used in computation:
                       
Weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding
    811,677       820,955       720,523  
                         
Basic earnings (loss) per share
  $ 0.02     $ (7.47 )   $ (0.95 )
                         
Diluted earnings (loss) per share:
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 18,594     $ (6,135,518 )   $ (681,383 )
Shares used in computation:
                       
Weighted-average ordinary shares outstanding
    811,677       820,955       720,523  
Weighted-average ordinary share equivalents from
                       
stock options and awards(1)
    9,435              
Weighted-average ordinary share equivalents from
                       
convertible notes(2)
                 
                         
Weighted-average ordinary shares and ordinary share
                       
equivalents outstanding
    821,112       820,955       720,523  
                         
Diluted earnings (loss) per share
  $ 0.02     $ (7.47 )   $ (0.95 )
                         
                         
 
 
(1) As a result of the Company’s net loss, ordinary share equivalents from approximately 1.6 million and 5.7 million options and share bonus awards were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share during the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Additionally, ordinary share equivalents from stock options to purchase approximately 38.1 million, 61.5 million and 39.4 million shares during fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share primarily because the exercise price of these options was greater than the average market price of the Company’s ordinary shares during the respective periods.
 
(2) On July 31, 2009, the principal amount of the Company’s Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes was settled in cash upon maturity. These notes carried conversion provisions to issue shares to settle any conversion spread (excess of the conversion value over the conversion price) in stock. The conversion price was $10.50 per share. On the maturity date the Company’s stock price was less than the conversion price, and therefore no shares were issued.
 
During December 2008, the Company purchased an aggregate principal amount of $260.0 million of its outstanding 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes, which resulted in a reduction of the ordinary share equivalents into which such notes were convertible from approximately 32.2 million to approximately 15.5 million. As the Company has the positive intent and ability to settle the principal amount of these notes in cash, all ordinary share equivalents related to the principal portion of the Notes are excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share for fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008. The Company intends to settle any conversion spread (excess of the conversion value over conversion price) in stock. The conversion price is $15.525 per share (subject to certain adjustments). During fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, the conversion obligation was less than the principal portion of these notes and accordingly, no additional shares were included as ordinary share equivalents.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In June 2009, a new accounting standard was issued which amends the consolidation guidance applicable to variable interest entities (“VIEs”), the approach for determining the primary beneficiary of a VIE, and disclosure requirements of a company’s involvement with VIEs. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2009 and is required to be adopted by the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2011. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have any impact on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Upon adoption, sales of accounts receivable in the Global Asset Backed Securitization program will be to a VIE in which the Company is the primary beneficiary. As a result, the Company will consolidate this VIE and the accounts receivable sold to it will remain on the Company’s balance sheet. Cash received from the program will be accounted for as a borrowing on the Company’s balance sheet and as a financing activity in the statement of cash flows. The North America Asset Backed Securitization program was amended such that sales of accounts receivable from this program will be to a VIE in which a third party financial institution is the primary beneficiary of the VIE and, as a result, the accounts receivable sold to the VIE will continue to be removed from the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Accounts receivable sold and the Company’s participation in the VIE will be reported as operating activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (see Note 6).
 
In June 2009, a new accounting standard was issued which removes the concept of a qualifying special-purpose entity, creates more stringent conditions for reporting a transfer of a portion of a financial asset as a sale, clarifies other sale-accounting criteria, and changes the initial measurement of a transferor’s interest in transferred financial assets. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2009 and is required to be adopted by the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2011. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have any impact on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations. Upon adoption, accounts receivable sold in the Global Asset Backed Securitization program, as currently structured, will be consolidated by the Company and will remain on its balance sheet ($217.1 million at March 31, 2010, net of the Company’s participation interests which are already recorded in other current assets). Cash received from the program will be treated as a bank borrowing on the Company’s balance sheet and as a financing activity in the statement of cash flows. The Company is currently investigating alternative structures to amend or replace the Global Asset Backed Securitization program such that sales of accounts receivable under the amended program will continue to be removed from the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The North America Asset Backed Securitization program and the accounts receivable factoring program were amended such that sales of accounts receivable from these programs will continue to be removed from the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Accounts receivable sold will be reported as cash provided by operating activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (see Note 6).
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued a new accounting standard related to non-controlling interests of subsidiaries in Consolidated Financial Statements. The new guidance establishes accounting and reporting standards for ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the non-controlling interest, changes in a parent’s ownership interest and the valuation of retained non-controlling equity investments when a subsidiary is deconsolidated. The Statement also establishes reporting requirements that provide sufficient disclosures that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the non-controlling owners. The standard was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and was required to be adopted by the Company in the first quarter of fiscal year 2010. The Company’s minority interests, and associated minority owners’ interest in the income or losses of the related companies has not been material to its results of operations for fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008. Accordingly, the adoption of the new accounting guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s reported consolidated results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
 
In September 2006, the FASB issued a new accounting standard related to the accounting of fair value measurements, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under generally accepted accounting principles, and expands the requisite disclosures for fair value measurements. The FASB provided for a one-year deferral of the new guidance for non-financial assets and liabilities that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the consolidated financial statements on a non-recurring basis and is required to be applied prospectively, to fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008. The Company’s adoption of the net accounting guidance related to financial assets and liabilities, and other assets and liabilities that are carried at fair value on a recurring basis during fiscal year 2010 did not materially impact the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued a new accounting standard related to assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations. The new accounting guidance established principles and requirements for how an acquirer recognizes and measures in its financial statements the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, any non-controlling interest in the acquiree and the goodwill acquired. The guidance also established disclosure requirements which are intended to enable users to evaluate the nature and financial effects of the business combination. This standard was effective for fiscal years that begin after December 15, 2008, and was required to be applied prospectively for all business combinations entered into after the date of adoption, which was April 1, 2009 for the Company. The Company’s adoption of the new accounting guidance did not have a material impact on its reported consolidated results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Application of this standard to future acquisitions will result in the recognition of certain expenditures including transaction costs and costs related to exit activities to be treated as period expenses rather than as a component of the purchase price consideration. In addition, contingent consideration is recorded at fair value as of the date of the acquisition with subsequent adjustments recognized in earnings. Also included in the new accounting guidance was an amendment to the accounting for post acquisition adjustments to valuation allowances for acquired deferred tax assets and income tax positions to be recognized as an adjustment to the provision for, or benefit from, income taxes. These requirements did not have a material impact on our fiscal 2010 results of operations.
 
In May 2008, the FASB issued a new accounting standard related to accounting for convertible debt instruments which requires that issuers of convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash upon conversion separately account for the liability and equity components in a manner that will reflect the entity’s nonconvertible debt borrowing rate when the interest cost is recognized in subsequent periods. The standard was effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2008 and was required to be adopted by the Company beginning April 1, 2009. The standard required the Company to record the change in accounting principle retrospectively to all periods presented.
 
The adoption of the new standard affected the accounting for the Company’s 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes and Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes (collectively referred to as the “Convertible Notes”) by requiring the initial proceeds from their sale to be allocated between a liability component and an equity component in a manner that results in interest expense on the debt component at the Company’s nonconvertible debt borrowing rate on the date of issuance.
 
The standard required the Company to record the change in accounting principle retrospectively to all periods presented, which included cumulative effect adjustments as of March 31, 2009 to the opening balance of Accumulated deficit of approximately $225.0 million, an approximate $27.6 million reduction in the carrying value of the Convertible Notes, an increase in the recorded value of Ordinary shares of approximately $252.0 million, which represents the carrying amount of the equity component, and a reduction to deferred financing costs of approximately $525,000, which is included in Other assets. The adjustment to Accumulated deficit represented imputed interest for the period from issuance of each convertible note to March 31, 2009, and a $5.8 million reduction in the gain recognized in the third quarter of fiscal year 2009, for the partial extinguishment of the 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes. Coupon interest expense and discount amortization related to the original issuance costs were immaterial for all periods presented.
 
The estimated fair value of the initial debt components of the Company’s 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes and Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes were $310.9 million and $111.3 million, respectively, based on the present value of the contractual cash flows discounted at an appropriate comparable market nonconvertible debt borrowing rate at the date of issuance. The Company is amortizing the discounts using the effective interest method over the period the debt is expected to remain outstanding as additional interest expense. The amortization of the discount resulted in effective interest rates of 8.21% for the 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes and 9.23% for the Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes. The adoption of the new standard


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
had no impact on the Company’s consolidated cash flows. Below is a summary of the financial statement effects of implementing the new standard:
 
                                 
    1% Convertible Subordinated Notes     Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes  
Balance Sheet:
  March 31, 2010     March 31, 2009     March 31, 2010     March 31, 2009  
          (In thousands)        
 
Previous carrying value — principal amount of Notes
  $ 239,993     $ 239,993     $       —     $ 195,000  
Unamortized discount
    (5,753 )     (21,602 )           (5,955 )
                                 
Net carrying amount of Notes
  $ 234,240     $ 218,391     $     $ 189,045  
                                 
 
                                                 
    Twelve-Month Periods Ended March 31,     Twelve-Month Periods Ended March 31,  
Income Statement:
  2010     2009     2008     2010     2009     2008  
                (In thousands)              
 
Amortization of discount net of adjustments to deferred financing costs
  $ 15,440     $ 27,173     $ 27,258     $ 5,976     $ 16,375     $ 14,755  
Gain on repurchase of 1%
                                               
Convertible Subordinated Notes
          5,823                          
                                                 
Total
  $ 15,440     $ 32,996     $ 27,258     $ 5,976     $ 16,375     $ 14,755  
                                                 
 
As a result of the new standard, basic and diluted net income per share decreased by $0.03 for the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2010. Basic and diluted net income per share decreased by $0.06 for the periods ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
3.   SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW DISCLOSURES
 
The following table represents supplemental cash flow disclosures and non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Net cash paid (received) for:
                       
Interest
  $ 126,327     $ 178,641     $ 126,975  
Income taxes
  $ 89,973     $ (56,315 )   $ 59,553  
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
                       
Issuance of ordinary shares for acquisition of businesses
  $     $ 270     $ 2,519,670  
Fair value of vested options assumed in acquisition of business
  $     $     $ 11,282  


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
4.   BANK BORROWINGS AND LONG-TERM DEBT
 
Bank borrowings and long-term debt are as follows:
 
                 
    As of March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
 
0.00% convertible junior subordinated notes due July 2009
  $     $ 189,045  
1.00% convertible subordinated notes due August 2010
    234,240       218,391  
6.50% senior subordinated notes due May 2013
          399,622  
6.25% senior subordinated notes due November 2014
    302,172       402,090  
Term Loan Agreement, including current portion, due in installments
               
through October 2014
    1,691,775       1,709,116  
Other
    26,643       23,270  
                 
      2,254,830       2,941,534  
Current portion
    (265,954 )     (207,991 )
                 
Non-current portion
  $ 1,988,876     $ 2,733,543  
                 
 
Maturities for the Company’s long-term debt are as follows:
 
         
Fiscal Year Ending March 31,
  Amount  
    (In thousands)  
 
2011
  $ 265,954  
2012
    16,752  
2013
    489,702  
2014
    11,688  
2015
    1,458,574  
Thereafter
    12,160  
         
Total
  $ 2,254,830  
         
 
Revolving Credit Facilities and Other Credit Lines
 
On May 10, 2007, the Company entered into a five-year $2.0 billion credit facility that expires in May 2012. As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, there were no borrowings outstanding under the credit facility. Borrowings under the credit facility bear interest, at the Company’s option, either at (i) the base rate (the greater of the agent’s prime rate or the federal funds rate plus 0.50%); or (ii) LIBOR plus the applicable margin for LIBOR loans ranging between 0.50% and 1.25%, based on the Company’s credit ratings. The Company is required to pay a quarterly commitment fee ranging from 0.10% to 0.20% per annum on the unutilized portion of the credit facility based on the Company’s credit ratings and, if the utilized portion of the credit facility exceeds 50% of the total commitments, a quarterly utilization fee of 0.125% on such utilized portion. The Company is also required to pay letter of credit usage fees ranging between 0.50% and 1.25% per annum (based on the Company’s credit ratings) on the amount of the daily average outstanding letters of credit and a fronting fee of (i) in the case of commercial letters of credit, 0.125% of the amount available to be drawn under such letters of credit, and (ii) in the case of standby letters of credit, 0.125% per annum on the daily average undrawn amount of such letters of credit.
 
The credit facility is unsecured, and contains customary restrictions on the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ ability to (i) incur certain debt, (ii) make certain investments, (iii) make certain acquisitions of other entities, (iv) incur liens, (v) dispose of assets, (vi) make non-cash distributions to shareholders, and (vii) engage in transactions with affiliates. These covenants are subject to a number of significant exceptions and limitations. The


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
facility also requires that the Company maintain a maximum ratio of total indebtedness to EBITDA (earnings before interest expense, taxes, depreciation and amortization), and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, as defined, during the term of the credit facility. Borrowings under the credit facility are guaranteed by the Company and certain of its subsidiaries. As of March 31, 2010, the Company was in compliance with the covenants under the credit facility.
 
The Company and certain of its subsidiaries also have various uncommitted revolving credit facilities, lines of credit and other loans in the amount of $254.9 million in the aggregate, under which there were approximately $6.7 million and $1.9 million of borrowings outstanding as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. These facilities, lines of credit and other loans bear annual interest at the respective country’s inter — bank offering rate, plus an applicable margin, and generally have maturities that expire on various dates through fiscal year 2011. The credit facilities are unsecured and the lines of credit and other loans are primarily secured by accounts receivable.
 
Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes
 
On July 31, 2009, the Company paid $195.0 million to redeem the Zero Coupon Convertible Junior Subordinated Notes upon maturity. The Notes carried conversion provisions to issue shares to settle any conversion spread (excess of conversion value over the conversion price of $10.50 per share). On the maturity date, the Company’s stock price was less than the conversion price, and therefore no shares were issued.
 
1% Convertible Subordinated Notes
 
The 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes are due in August 2010 and are convertible at any time prior to maturity into ordinary shares of the Company at a conversion price of $15.525 (subject to certain adjustments). During December 2008, the Company paid approximately $226.2 million to purchase an aggregate principal amount of $260.0 million of these notes under a modified Dutch auction procedure. The Company recognized a gain of approximately $22.3 million (as adjusted for the retroactive adoption of the accounting for convertible debt described in Note 2) during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2009 associated with the partial extinguishment of the Notes net of approximately $5.7 million for estimated transaction costs and the write-off of related debt issuance costs, which is recorded in Other charges, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The gain was reduced by $5.8 million in connection with the retroactive adoption of a new accounting standard effective April 1, 2009. As of March 31, 2010, the $234.2 million net principal amount of these Notes was classified as current liabilities and included in “Bank borrowings, current portion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations” in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
 
6.5% Senior Subordinated Notes
 
On March 19, 2010, the Company paid approximately $306.3 million to redeem the aggregate principal balance of $299.8 million of these notes at a redemption price of 102.167% of the principal amount. The Company recognized a loss associated with the early redemption of the notes of approximately $10.5 million during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2010, consisting of the redemption price premium of approximately $6.5 million, and approximately $4.0 million for transaction costs and the write-off of unamortized debt costs. The loss is recorded in Other charges, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
 
During June 2009, the Company paid approximately $101.8 million to purchase an aggregate principal amount of $99.8 million of these Notes in a cash tender offer. The cash paid included $2.3 million in consent fees paid to holders of the Notes that were tendered but not purchased as well as to holders that consented but did not tender, which were capitalized and were being recognized as a component of interest expense over the remaining life of the Notes until the redemption noted above. The Company recognized a $2.3 million loss during fiscal year 2010 associated with the partial extinguishment of the Notes, which included approximately $2.6 million for transaction costs and the write-down of related debt issuance costs. In conjunction with the tender offer, the Company obtained consents to certain amendments to the restricted payments covenants and certain related definitions in the indenture


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
under which the Notes were issued. The amendments permitted the Company greater flexibility to purchase or make other payments in respect of its equity securities and debt that was subordinated to the Notes and to make certain other restricted payments under the indenture.
 
6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes
 
The Company may redeem its 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes that are due on November 15, 2014, in whole or in part at redemption prices of 102.083% and 101.042% of the principal amount thereof if the redemption occurs during the respective 12-month periods beginning on November 15 of the years 2010 and 2011, respectively, and at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount thereof on and after November 15, 2012, in each case, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date.
 
During June 2009, the Company paid approximately $101.3 million to purchase an aggregate principal amount of $99.9 million of these Notes in a cash tender offer. The cash paid included $6.5 million in consent fees paid to holders of the Notes that were tendered but not purchased as well as to holders that consented but did not tender, which were capitalized and are being recognized as a component of interest expense over the remaining life of the Notes. The Company recognized a $2.3 million gain during fiscal year 2010 associated with the partial extinguishment of the Notes, net of approximately $2.7 million for transaction costs and the write-down of related debt issuance costs. In conjunction with the tender offer, the Company obtained consents to certain amendments to the restricted payments covenants and certain related definitions in the indenture under which the Notes were issued. The amendments permit the Company greater flexibility to purchase or make other payments in respect of its equity securities and debt that is subordinated to the Notes and to make certain other restricted payments under the indenture.
 
The indenture governing the Company’s outstanding 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes contain certain covenants that, among other things, limit the ability of the Company and its restricted subsidiaries to (i) incur additional debt, (ii) issue or sell stock of certain subsidiaries, (iii) engage in certain asset sales, (iv) make distributions or pay dividends, (v) purchase or redeem capital stock, or (vi) engage in transactions with affiliates. The covenants are subject to a number of significant exceptions and limitations. As of March 31, 2010, the Company was in compliance with the covenants under this indenture.
 
Term Loan Agreement
 
In connection with the Company’s acquisition of Solectron Corporation, the Company entered into a $1.759 billion term loan facility, dated as of October 1, 2007, and subsequently amended as of December 28, 2007 (the “Term Loan Agreement”). The Term Loan Agreement was obtained for the purposes of consummating the acquisition, to pay the applicable repurchase or redemption price for certain of Solectron’s notes in connection with the acquisition, and to pay any related fees and expenses including acquisition related costs.
 
On October 1, 2007, the Company borrowed $1.109 billion under the Term Loan Agreement to pay the cash consideration in the acquisition and acquisition-related fees and expenses. Of this amount, $500.0 million matures five years from the date of the Term Loan Agreement and the remainder matures in seven years. On October 15, 2007, the Company borrowed an additional $175.0 million to fund its repurchase and redemption of certain Solectron Notes. On February 29, 2008, the Company borrowed the remaining $450.0 million available under the Term Loan Agreement to fund its repurchase of additional Solectron notes. The maturity date of these loans is seven years from the date of the Term Loan Agreement. These loans will amortize in quarterly installments in an amount equal to 1% per annum with the balance due at the end of the fifth or seventh year, as applicable. The Company may prepay the loans at any time at 100% of par for any loan with a five year maturity and at 101% of par for the first year and 100% of par thereafter, for any loan with a seven year maturity, in each case plus accrued and unpaid interest and reimbursement of the lender’s redeployment costs. Borrowings under the Term Loan Agreement bear interest, at the Company’s option, either at (i) the base rate (the greater of the agent’s prime rate or the federal funds rate plus 0.50%) plus a margin of 1.25%; or (ii) LIBOR plus a margin of 2.25%.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The Term Loan Agreement is unsecured, and contains customary restrictions on the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to, among other things, (i) incur certain debt, (ii) make certain investments, (iii) make certain acquisitions of other entities, (iv) incur liens, (v) dispose of assets, (vi) make non-cash distributions to shareholders, and (vii) engage in transactions with affiliates. These covenants are subject to a number of significant exceptions and limitations. The Term Loan Agreement also requires that the Company maintain a maximum ratio of total indebtedness to EBITDA, during the term of the Term Loan Agreement. Borrowings under the Term Loan Agreement are guaranteed by the Company and certain of its subsidiaries. As of March 31, 2010, the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants under the Term Loan Agreement.
 
As of March 31, 2010, the Company had approximately $1.7 billion of borrowings outstanding under the Term Loan Agreement, of which the floating interest payments on $847.0 million has been swapped for fixed interest payments with remaining terms ranging from one to ten months (see Note 5).
 
Fair Values
 
As of March 31, 2010, the approximate fair values of the Company’s 6.25% Senior Subordinated Notes, 1% Convertible Subordinated Notes and debt outstanding under its Term Loan Agreement were 101.0%, 99.18% and 95.58% of the face values of the debt obligations, respectively, based on broker trading prices.
 
Interest Expense
 
For the fiscal years ended March 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, the Company recognized total interest expense of $158.1 million, $245.5 million and $227.4 million (including $21.4 million, $43.5 million, and $42.0 million for the retrospective application of the new accounting standard discussed above), respectively, on its debt obligations outstanding during the period.
 
5.   FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
Due to their short-term nature, the carrying amount of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximates fair value. The Company’s cash equivalents are comprised of cash and bank deposits and money market accounts. The Company’s investment policy limits the amount of credit exposure to 20% of the total investment portfolio or $10.0 million in any single issuer.
 
Foreign Currency Contracts
 
The Company transacts business in various foreign countries and is therefore, exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk inherent in forecasted sales, cost of sales, and monetary assets and liabilities denominated in non-functional currencies. The Company has established risk management programs to protect against volatility in the value of non-functional currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities, and of future cash flows caused by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. The Company tries to maintain a fully hedged position for certain transaction exposures, which are primarily, but not limited to, revenues, customer and vendor payments and inter-company balances in currencies other than the functional currency unit of the operating entity. The Company enters into short-term foreign currency forward and swap contracts to hedge only those currency exposures associated with certain assets and liabilities, primarily accounts receivable and accounts payable, and cash flows denominated in non-functional currencies. Gains and losses on the Company’s forward and swap contracts are designed to offset losses and gains on the assets, liabilities and transactions hedged, and accordingly, generally do not subject the Company to risk of significant accounting losses. The Company hedges committed exposures and does not engage in speculative transactions. The credit risk of these forward and swap contracts is minimized since the contracts are with large financial institutions and accordingly, fair value adjustments related to the credit risk of the counter-party financial institution was not material.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
As of March 31, 2010, the aggregate notional amount of the Company’s outstanding foreign currency forward and swap contracts was $2.1 billion as summarized below:
 
                         
          Foreign
    Notional
 
          Currency
    Contract Value
 
Currency
  Buy/Sell     Amount     in USD  
    (In thousands)              
 
Cash Flow Hedges
                       
CNY
    Buy       1,214,718     $ 177,960  
EUR
    Buy       21,329       28,745  
EUR
    Sell       9,127       13,500  
HUF
    Buy       10,166,200       51,519  
MXN
    Buy       1,513,000       121,769  
Other
    Buy       N/A       51,792  
                         
                      445,285  
Other Forward/Swap Contracts
                       
BRL
    Buy       72,200       40,245  
BRL
    Sell       142,100       79,208  
CAD
    Buy       49,384       48,321  
CAD
    Sell       105,773       103,311  
CNY
    Buy       569,937       83,500  
EUR
    Buy       51,549       69,596  
EUR
    Sell       266,673       359,934  
GBP
    Buy       68,444       103,327  
GBP
    Sell       92,117       138,941  
JPY
    Buy       3,978,221       43,087  
MXN
    Buy       652,000       52,474  
MYR
    Buy       210,944       64,487  
SEK
    Buy       1,777,481       245,512  
SGD
    Buy       69,394       49,649  
Other
    Buy       N/A       54,871  
Other
    Sell       N/A       119,327  
                         
                      1,655,790  
                         
Total Notional Contract Value in USD
                  $ 2,101,075  
                         
 
As of March 31, 2009, the Company had foreign currency forward and swap contracts with notional values totaling $1.7 billion, of which $120.2 million had been designated as cash flow hedges.
 
As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, the fair value of the Company’s short-term foreign currency contracts was not material and included in other current assets or other current liabilities, as applicable, in the consolidated balance sheet. Certain of these contracts are designed to economically hedge the Company’s exposure to monetary assets and liabilities denominated in a non-functional currency and are not accounted for as hedges under the accounting standards. Accordingly, changes in fair value of these instruments are recognized in earnings during the period of change as a component of interest and other expense, net in the consolidated statement of operations. As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company also has included net deferred gains and losses, respectively, in other comprehensive income, a component of shareholders’ equity in the consolidated balance sheet, relating to changes


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
in fair value of its foreign currency contracts that are accounted for as cash flow hedges. These deferred gains and losses were not material, and the deferred losses as of March 31, 2010 are expected to be recognized as a component of cost of sales in the consolidated statement of operations primarily over the next twelve month period. The gains and losses recognized in earnings due to hedge ineffectiveness were not material for all fiscal years presented and are included as a component of interest and other expense, net in the consolidated statement of operations.
 
Interest Rate Swap Agreements
 
The Company is also exposed to variability in cash flows associated with changes in short-term interest rates primarily on borrowings under its revolving credit facility and Term Loan Agreement. During fiscal years 2009 and 2008, the Company entered into interest rate swap agreements to mitigate the exposure to interest rate risk resulting from unfavorable changes in interest rates resulting from the Term Loan Agreement, as summarized below:
 
                         
Notional Amount
    Fixed Interest
    Interest Payment
       
(In millions)
    Rate Payable     Received   Term   Expiration Date
 
Fiscal 2009 Contracts:
           
$ 100.0       1.94 %   1-Month Libor   12 month   January 2010
$ 100.0       2.45 %   3-Month Libor   12 month   January 2010
$ 100.0       1.00 %   1-Month Libor   12 month   March 2010
$ 100.0       1.00 %   1-Month Libor   12 month   April 2010
Fiscal 2008 Contracts:
           
$ 250.0       3.61 %   1-Month Libor   34 months   October 2010
$ 250.0       3.61 %   1-Month Libor   34 months   October 2010
$ 175.0       3.60 %   3-Month Libor   36 months   January 2011
$ 72.0       3.57 %   3-Month Libor   36 months   January 2011
                         
$ 1,147.0                      
                         
 
During March 2009, the Company amended its two $250.0 million swaps expiring in October 2010 and one of its $100.0 million swaps, which expired January 2010, from three-month to one-month Libor and reduced the fixed interest payments from 3.89% to 3.61% and from 2.42% to 1.94%, respectively.
 
These contracts provided for the receipt of interest payments at rates equal to the terms of the various tranches of the underlying borrowings outstanding under the Term Loan Arrangement (excluding the applicable margin), other than the two $250.0 million swaps, expiring October 2010, and the $100.0 million swaps that expired during January 2010 and March 2010, respectively. These swaps provided for the receipt of interest at one-month Libor while the underlying borrowings were based on three-month Libor.
 
All of the Company’s interest rate swap agreements were accounted for as cash flow hedges, and no portion of the swaps were considered ineffective. For fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008 the net amount recorded as interest expense from these swaps was not material. As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, the fair value of the Company’s interest rate swaps were not material and were included in other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet, with a corresponding decrease in other comprehensive income. The deferred losses included in other comprehensive income will effectively be released through earnings as the Company makes fixed, and receives variable, payments over the remaining term of the swaps through January 2011.
 
In January 2010, two swaps totaling $200.0 million with a weighted average interest rate of 2.195% expired, and in March 2010, a $100.0 million swap, with an interest rate of 1%, expired. As of March 31, 2010, the Company had an aggregate amount of $847.0 million in swaps outstanding with a weighted average fixed interest rate of 3.30%.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
6.   TRADE RECEIVABLES SECURITIZATION
 
The Company continuously sells designated pools of trade receivables under two asset backed securitization programs and an accounts receivable factoring program.
 
Global Asset-Backed Securitization Agreement
 
The Company continuously sells a designated pool of trade receivables to a third-party qualified special purpose entity, which in turn sells an undivided ownership interest to two commercial paper conduits, administered by an unaffiliated financial institution. In addition to these commercial paper conduits, the Company participates in the securitization agreement as an investor in the conduit. The securitization agreement allows the operating subsidiaries participating in the securitization program to receive a cash payment for sold receivables, less a deferred purchase price receivable.
 
The Company services, administers and collects the receivables on behalf of the entity and receives a servicing fee of 1.00% of serviced receivables per annum. Servicing fees recognized during the fiscal years ended March 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 were not material and are included in Interest and other expense, net within the Consolidated Statements of Operations. As the Company estimates the fee it receives in return for its obligation to service these receivables is at fair value, no servicing assets or liabilities are recognized.
 
During October 2009, the securitization agreement was amended such that the maximum investment limit of these commercial paper conduits was $500.0 million. Additionally, the Company pays annual facility and commitment fees totaling 1.5% per annum under the facility to the extent funded through the issuance of commercial paper.
 
The third-party special purpose entity was a qualifying special purpose entity, and accordingly, the Company did not consolidate this entity. As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, approximately $352.5 million and $422.0 million of the Company’s accounts receivable, respectively, had been sold to this third-party qualified special purpose entity. The amounts represent the face amount of the total outstanding trade receivables on all designated customer accounts on those dates. For the years ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company sold approximately $5.7 billion and $6.0 billion, respectively, to the third party special purpose entity. The accounts receivable balances that were sold under this agreement were removed from the Consolidated Balance Sheets and the amounts received are included as cash provided by operating activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The Company had a recourse obligation that was limited to the deferred purchase price receivable, which approximated 5% of the total sold receivables, and its own investment participation, the total of which was approximately $135.4 million and $123.8 million as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and each was recorded in Other current assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2010 and 2009. The amount of the Company’s own investment participation varied depending on certain criteria, mainly the collection performance on the sold receivables and the Company’s financing requirements. As the recoverability of the trade receivables underlying the Company’s own investment participation was determined in conjunction with the Company’s accounting policies for determining provisions for doubtful accounts prior to sale into the third party qualified special purpose entity, the fair value of the Company’s own investment participation reflected the estimated recoverability of the underlying trade receivables. The Company received net cash proceeds of approximately $217.1 million and $298.1 million from the commercial paper conduits for the sale of these receivables as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The difference between the amount sold to the commercial paper conduits (net of the Company’s investment participation) and net cash proceeds received from the commercial paper conduits was recognized as a loss on sale of the receivables and recorded in Interest and other expense, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
 
Effective April 1, 2010, the adoption of a new accounting standard will eliminate the concept of a qualifying special purpose entity and will create more stringent conditions for reporting the transfer of a financial asset as a sale. In addition, effective April 1, 2010, the adoption of a new accounting standard will amend consolidation guidance for determining the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity. Under this new standard the Company


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
will be deemed the primary beneficiary of this special purpose entity and will be required to consolidate the special purpose entity. As a result, accounts receivable sold under this program will remain on the Company’s balance sheet, as currently structured, and cash received from the program will be accounted for as a borrowing on the Company’s balance sheet and as a financing activity in the statement of cash flows.
 
North American Asset-Backed Securitization Agreement
 
The Company continuously sells a designated pool of trade receivables to an affiliated special purpose vehicle, which in turn sells such receivables to an agent on behalf of two commercial paper conduits administered by unaffiliated financial institutions. The Company continues to service, administer and collect the receivables on behalf of the special purpose entity and receives a servicing fee of 0.50% per annum on the outstanding balance of the serviced receivables. Servicing fees recognized during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 were not material and are included in Interest and other expense, net within the Consolidated Statements of Operations. As the Company estimates that the fee it receives in return for its obligation to service these receivables is at fair value, no servicing assets or liabilities are recognized. The Company, by design of the transaction, absorbed the majority of expected losses from transfers of trade receivables into the special purpose vehicle and, as such, was deemed the primary beneficiary of this entity. Accordingly, the Company consolidated the special purpose vehicle.
 
The maximum investment limit of the two commercial paper conduits is $300.0 million. During September 2009, the securitization agreement was amended such that the Company paid commitment fees of 0.80% per annum on the aggregate amount of the liquidity commitments of the financial institutions under the facility (which approximates the maximum investment limit) and an additional program fee of 0.70% on the aggregate amounts invested under the facility by the conduits to the extent funded through the issuance of commercial paper.
 
As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company transferred approximately $356.9 million and $448.7 million, respectively, into the special purpose vehicle. The Company sold approximately $200.7 million and $173.8 million of accounts receivable to the two commercial paper conduits as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and received approximately $200.0 million and $173.1 million, respectively, in net cash proceeds from the sales. For the years ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company received approximately $1.6 billion and $1.7 billion, respectively, in net cash proceeds from the sale. The accounts receivable balances that were sold to the two commercial paper conduits under this agreement were removed from the Consolidated Balance Sheets and were reflected as cash provided by operating activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and the difference between the amount sold and net cash proceeds received was recognized as a loss on sale of the receivables, and was recorded in Interest and other expense, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The remaining trade receivables transferred into the special purpose vehicle and not sold to the two commercial paper conduits comprised the primary assets of that entity, and were included in trade accounts receivable, net in the Consolidated Balance Sheets of the Company. The recoverability of these trade receivables, both those included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and those sold but uncollected by the commercial paper conduits, were determined in conjunction with the Company’s accounting policies for determining provisions for doubtful accounts. Although the special purpose vehicle was fully consolidated by the Company, it was a separate corporate entity and its assets were available first to satisfy the claims of its creditors.
 
Effective April 2010, the securitization agreement was amended to provide for the sale by the special purpose vehicle of 100% of the receivables instead of a sale of an undivided ownership interest in such receivables. A portion of the purchase price for the receivables will be paid by the two commercial paper conduits in cash and the balance in the form of a deferred purchase price receivable. The amount of the Company’s deferred purchase price receivable will vary primarily depending on the financing requirements of the Company and the performance of the receivables sold. The accounts receivable balances sold under this agreement will be removed from the Consolidated Balance Sheets and be reported as cash provided by operating activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The deferred purchase price receivable will be recorded in other current assets in the consolidated


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
balance sheet. The Company’s participation in the deferred purchase price receivable will be reported as an operating activity in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
 
Factored Accounts Receivable
 
The Company also sold accounts receivables to certain third-party banking institutions. The outstanding balance of receivables sold and not yet collected was approximately $164.2 million and $171.6 million as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. For the years ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, total accounts receivables sold to certain third party banking institutions was approximately $1.2 billion and $3.6 billion, respectively. These receivables that were sold were removed from the Consolidated Balance Sheets and were reflected as cash provided by operating activities in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. This arrangement was amended to allow sold accounts receivable to continue to be removed from the Consolidated Balance Sheets upon the adoption of a new accounting standard on April 1, 2010.
 
7.   COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, the gross carrying amount and associated accumulated depreciation of the Company’s property and equipment financed under capital leases, and the related obligations was not material. The Company also leases certain of its facilities under non-cancelable operating leases. These operating leases expire in various years through 2024 and require the following minimum lease payments:
 
         
    Operating
 
Fiscal Year Ending March 31,
  Lease  
    (In thousands)  
 
2011
  $ 123,646  
2012
    93,228  
2013
    75,167  
2014
    56,867  
2015
    38,763  
Thereafter
    86,959  
         
Total minimum lease payments
  $ 474,630  
         
 
Total rent expense amounted to $143.2 million, $139.2 million and $94.2 million in fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
The Company is subject to legal proceedings, claims, and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company defends itself vigorously against any such claims. Although the outcome of these matters is currently not determinable, management does not expect that the ultimate costs to resolve these matters will have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
 
8.   INCOME TAXES
 
The domestic (“Singapore”) and foreign components of income before income taxes were comprised of the following:
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Domestic
  $ 86,411     $ (1,090,863 )   $ 268,294  
Foreign
    (103,186 )     (4,990,075 )     (202,627 )
                         
Total
  $ (16,775 )   $ (6,080,938 )   $ 65,667  
                         


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The provision for (benefit from) income taxes consisted of the following:
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Current:
                       
Domestic
  $ 50     $ 3,461     $ 547  
Foreign
    (18,529 )     68,581       65,469  
                         
      (18,479 )     72,042       66,016  
Deferred:
                       
Domestic
    1,077       895       (252 )
Foreign
    (17,967 )     (67,728 )     639,273  
                         
      (16,890 )     (66,833 )     639,021  
                         
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
  $ (35,369 )   $ 5,209     $ 705,037  
                         
 
The domestic statutory income tax rate was approximately 17.0% in fiscal years 2010 and 2009, and approximately 18.0% in fiscal year 2008. The reconciliation of the income tax expense (benefit) expected based on domestic statutory income tax rates to the expense (benefit) for income taxes included in the consolidated statements of operations is as follows:
 
                         
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Income taxes based on domestic statutory rates
  $ (2,852 )   $ (1,033,760 )   $ 11,821  
Effect of tax rate differential
    (40,728 )     38,440       (314,108 )
Intangible amortization
    15,279       23,098       12,924  
Change in liability for uncertain tax positions
    (80,175 )     8,339       6,367  
Goodwill impairment
          1,011,496        
Change in valuation allowance
    69,076       (50,225 )     986,338  
Other
    4,031       7,821       1,695  
                         
Provision for income taxes
  $ (35,369 )   $ 5,209     $ 705,037  
                         
 
The $986.3 million change in valuation allowance during fiscal year 2008 includes non-cash tax expense of $661.3 million, principally resulting from management’s re-evaluation of previously recorded deferred tax assets in the United States, which are primarily comprised of tax loss carry forwards. Management believes that the realizability of certain deferred tax assets was no longer more likely than not because it expected future projected taxable income in the United States will be lower as a result of increased interest expense resulting from the term loan entered into as part of the acquisition of Solectron. The remaining change in the valuation allowance during the 2008 fiscal year was primarily for that year’s operating losses and restructuring charges, on which the tax benefit was not more likely than not to be realized.
 
A number of countries in which the Company is located allow for tax holidays or provide other tax incentives to attract and retain business. In general, these holidays were secured based on the nature, size and location of the Company’s operations. The aggregate dollar effect on the Company’s income resulting from tax holidays and tax incentives to attract and retain business for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 were $65.4 million, $85.3 million and $118.0 million, respectively. The effect on basic and diluted earnings per share for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2010 is $0.08 and the effect on basic and diluted loss per share during fiscal years


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
2009 and 2008 were $0.10 and $0.16, respectively. Unless extended or otherwise renegotiated, the Company’s existing holidays will expire in the fiscal years ending March 31, 2011 through fiscal 2018.
 
The components of deferred income taxes are as follows:
 
                 
    As of March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
 
Deferred tax liabilities:
               
Fixed assets
  $     $ (2,211 )
                 
Total deferred tax liabilities
          (2,211 )
                 
Deferred tax assets:
               
Fixed assets
    24,512        
Intangible assets
    342,495       246,001  
Deferred compensation
    10,049       9,616  
Inventory valuation
    22,238       28,365  
Provision for doubtful accounts
    9,448       11,834  
Net operating loss and other carryforwards
    2,773,599       2,857,640  
Others
    146,965       188,254  
                 
      3,329,306       3,341,710  
Valuation allowances
    (3,280,827 )     (3,308,966 )
                 
Net deferred tax assets
    48,479       32,744  
                 
Net deferred tax asset
  $ 48,479     $ 30,533  
                 
The net deferred tax asset is classified as follows:
               
Current asset (classified as other current assets)
  $ 1,205     $ 66  
Long-term asset
    47,274       30,467  
                 
Total
  $ 48,479     $ 30,533  
                 
 
The Company has tax loss carryforwards of approximately $8.2 billion, a portion of which begin expiring in 2011. Utilization of the tax loss carryforwards and other deferred tax assets is limited by the future earnings of the Company in the tax jurisdictions in which such deferred assets arose. As a result, management is uncertain as to when or whether these operations will generate sufficient profit to realize any benefit from the deferred tax assets. The valuation allowance provides a reserve against deferred tax assets that are not more likely than not to be realized by the Company. However, management has determined that it is more likely than not that the Company will realize certain of these benefits and, accordingly, has recognized a deferred tax asset from these benefits. The change in valuation allowance is net of certain increases and decreases to prior year losses and other carryforwards that have no current impact on the tax provision. Approximately $34.0 million of the valuation allowance relates to income tax benefits arising from the exercise of stock options, which if realized will be credited directly to shareholders’ equity and will not be available to benefit the income tax provision in any future period.
 
The amount of deferred tax assets considered realizable, however, could be reduced or increased in the near-term if facts, including the amount of taxable income or the mix of taxable income between subsidiaries, differ from management’s estimates.
 
The Company does not provide for income taxes on the undistributed earnings of its foreign subsidiaries, as such earnings are not intended by management to be repatriated in the foreseeable future. Determination of the amount of the unrecognized deferred tax liability on these undistributed earnings is not practicable.


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FLEXTRONICS INTERNATIONAL LTD.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
A reconciliation of the beginning and ending amount of unrecognized tax benefits is as follows:
 
                 
    Fiscal Year Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
 
Balance, beginning of fiscal year
  $ 221,401     $ 191,147  
Additions based on tax position related to the current year
    10,605       15,089  
Additions for tax positions of prior years
    15,693       37,298  
Reductions for tax positions of prior years
    (63,134 )     (972 )
Reductions related to lapse of applicable statute of limitations
    (3,123 )     (3,276 )