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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
 
Form 10-K
 
 
 
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009
 
Commission file number 001-15062
 
 
 
 
TIME WARNER INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Delaware   13-4099534
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
One Time Warner Center
New York, NY 10019-8016
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
 
(212) 484-8000
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
          
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.01 par value   New York Stock Exchange
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
     
Large accelerated filer þ
  Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
  Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
   
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
As of the close of business on February 11, 2010, there were 1,150,231,940 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding. The aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting and non-voting common equity securities held by non-affiliates of the registrant (based upon the closing price of such shares on the New York Stock Exchange on June 30, 2009) was approximately $28.96 billion.
 
Documents Incorporated by Reference:
 
     
Description of document
 
Part of the Form 10-K
 
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement to be used in connection with the registrant’s 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders
  Part III (Item 10 through Item 14)
(Portions of Item 10 are not incorporated by reference
and are provided herein)
 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I
Item 1. Business.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
Item 2. Properties.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
PART II
Item 5. Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.
Item 9B. Other Information.
PART III
Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance; Executive Compensation; Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters; Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence; Principal Accounting Fees and Services.
PART IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedules.
EX-10.22
EX-10.37
EX-10.39
EX-10.54
EX-21
EX-23
EX-31.1
EX-31.2
EX-32
EX-101 INSTANCE DOCUMENT
EX-101 SCHEMA DOCUMENT
EX-101 CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
EX-101 LABELS LINKBASE DOCUMENT
EX-101 PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
EX-101 DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT


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PART I
 
Item 1.   Business.
 
Time Warner Inc. (the “Company” or “Time Warner”), a Delaware corporation, is a leading media and entertainment company. The Company classifies its businesses into the following three reporting segments:
 
  •     Networks, consisting principally of cable television networks that provide programming;
 
  •     Filmed Entertainment, consisting principally of feature film, television and home video production and distribution; and
 
  •     Publishing, consisting principally of magazine publishing.
 
At December 31, 2009, the Company had a total of approximately 31,000 employees.
 
For convenience, the terms the “Company,” “Time Warner” and the “Registrant” are used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to refer to both the parent company and collectively to the parent company and the subsidiaries through which its various businesses are conducted, unless the context otherwise requires.
 
Recent Developments
 
On March 12, 2009, the Company completed the legal and structural separation of Time Warner Cable Inc. (“TWC”) from the Company (the “TWC Separation”), and, on December 9, 2009, the Company completed the legal and structural separation of AOL Inc. (“AOL”) from the Company (the “AOL Separation”). With the completion of these separations, the Company disposed of its former Cable and AOL segments in their entirety. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition — Recent Developments” for additional information regarding the separations.
 
Caution Concerning Forward-Looking Statements and Risk Factors
 
This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based on management’s current expectations and beliefs about future events. As with any projection or forecast, they are inherently susceptible to uncertainty and changes in circumstances, and the Company is under no obligation, and expressly disclaims any obligation, to update or alter its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, subsequent events or otherwise. Time Warner’s actual results may differ materially from the expectations contained herein due to changes in economic, business, competitive, technological, strategic and/or regulatory factors and other factors affecting the operation of the businesses of Time Warner. For more detailed information about these factors, and risk factors with respect to the Company’s operations, see Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition — Caution Concerning Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
Available Information and Website
 
The Company’s annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to such reports filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), are available free of charge on the Company’s website at www.timewarner.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with the SEC.
 
NETWORKS
 
The Company’s Networks business consists principally of domestic and international networks and premium pay television programming services. The networks owned by Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (“Turner”), which are described below, are collectively referred to as the “Turner Networks.” Premium pay television programming


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consists of the multi channel HBO and Cinemax pay television programming services (collectively, the “Home Box Office Services”) operated by Home Box Office, Inc. (“Home Box Office”).
 
The programming of the Turner Networks and the Home Box Office Services (collectively, the “Networks”) is distributed via cable systems, satellite distribution systems, telephone companies and other distribution technologies.
 
Turner generates revenues principally from providing programming to cable system operators, satellite distribution services, telephone companies and other distributors (known as affiliates) that have contracted to receive and distribute this programming and from the sale of advertising (other than Turner Classic Movies and Boomerang, which sell advertising only in certain international markets). Turner’s agreements with its affiliates are typically long-term arrangements that provide for annual service fee increases and have fee arrangements that are generally related to the number of subscribers served by the affiliate. Turner’s advertising revenues consist of consumer advertising, which is sold primarily on a national basis in the U.S. and on a pan-regional or local-language feed basis outside the U.S. Advertising contracts generally have terms of one year or less. Advertising revenues are generated from a wide variety of advertising categories, including motion picture, food and beverage, financial and business services, pharmaceuticals and medical, restaurants, automotive, retail and telecommunications. In the U.S., advertising revenues are a function of the size and demographics of the audience delivered, the “CPM,” which is the cost per thousand viewers delivered, and the number of units of time sold. Units sold and CPMs are influenced by the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the audience of each network, the perceived quality of the network and of the particular programming, as well as overall advertiser demand in the marketplace. Outside the U.S., advertising is generally not sold based on audience delivery, but rather is sold at a fixed rate for the spot.
 
Home Box Office generates revenues principally from providing programming to affiliates that have contracted to receive and distribute such programming to subscribers who are generally free to cancel their subscriptions at any time. Home Box Office’s agreements with its affiliates are typically long-term arrangements that provide for annual service fee increases and retail promotion activities and have fee arrangements that are generally related to the number of subscribers served by the affiliate. The Home Box Office Services and their affiliates engage in ongoing marketing and promotional activities to retain existing subscribers and acquire new subscribers. Home Box Office also derives revenues from its original films, mini-series and series through the sale of DVDs and Blu-ray Discs, as well as from the licensing of original programming in syndication and to basic cable channels.
 
Turner Networks
 
Domestic Networks
 
Turner’s networks in the U.S. consist of entertainment and news networks. Turner’s entertainment networks include TBS, which reached approximately 100.1 million U.S. television households as reported by Nielsen Media Research (“U.S. television households”) as of December 2009; TNT, which reached approximately 99.1 million U.S. television households as of December 2009; Cartoon Network (including adult swim, its overnight block of contemporary animation aimed at young adults), which reached approximately 98.3 million U.S. television households as of December 2009; truTV, which reached approximately 92.2 million U.S. television households as of December 2009; Turner Classic Movies, a commercial-free network; and Boomerang. HD feeds of TBS, TNT, Cartoon Network, truTV and Turner Classic Movies are made available to affiliates. Programming for these entertainment networks is derived, in part, from the Company’s film, made-for-television and animation libraries to which Turner or other divisions of the Company own the copyrights, sports programming and other licensed programming, including syndicated television series and network movie premieres.
 
For its sports programming, Turner has a programming rights agreement with the National Basketball Association (“NBA”) to produce and telecast a certain number of regular season and playoff games on TNT through the 2015-16 season. In addition, Turner has a separate agreement with the NBA, effective through the 2015-16 season, under which Turner and the NBA jointly manage a portfolio of the NBA’s digital businesses, NBA TV and NBA League Pass. Turner also has a programming rights agreement with Major League Baseball to produce and telecast a certain number of regular season and playoff games on TBS through the 2013 season. In addition,


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Turner has secured rights to produce and telecast certain NASCAR Sprint Cup Series races through 2014 and certain Professional Golfers’ Association (“PGA”) events through 2019.
 
Turner’s CNN and HLN networks, 24-hour per day cable television news services, reached approximately 100.2 million and 99.3 million U.S. television households, respectively, as of December 2009. An HD feed of CNN also is made available to affiliates. As of December 31, 2009, CNN managed 45 news bureaus and editorial operations, of which 13 are located in the U.S. In 2009, CNN won a Peabody Award for its multi-platform coverage of the 2008 presidential primary campaigns and debates.
 
International Networks
 
Turner’s entertainment and news networks are distributed to multiple distribution platforms such as cable and Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) systems, satellite platforms, mobile operators and broadcasters for delivery to households, hotels and other viewers around the world.
 
Turner distributes approximately 87 region-specific versions and local-language feeds of Cartoon Network, Boomerang, Turner Classic Movies, TNT and other entertainment networks in approximately 180 countries around the world. Turner distributes Space, Infinito, I-Sat, Fashion TV, HTV and Much Music primarily in Latin America. These entertainment networks air movies and series, documentaries, fashion and lifestyle content and music videos. In addition, Turner has the sales representation rights for nine networks operating principally in Latin America that are owned by third parties. In India and certain other South Asian territories, it distributes Pogo, an entertainment network for children. Turner India also distributes HBO in India and the Maldives. In March 2009, Turner, together with Warner Bros., launched WB, an English language entertainment channel in India that features programming licensed from Warner Bros.
 
In January 2009, Turner launched TNT Serie, a German language version of TNT, in Germany. In April 2009, Turner launched truTV in Latin America as an English language channel with Spanish and Portuguese subtitles. In September 2009, a local language truTV branded block was launched with an Italian broadcaster. In April 2009, Turner launched BOING in Spain as a block of kids programming on an existing network. In 2010, Turner plans to launch truTV in Asia, and in January 2010 Turner Latin America acquired the sales representation rights to the Warner Bros. channel in Latin America.
 
In August 2009, Turner acquired Japan Image Communications Co., Ltd., a Japanese pay television business. In December 2009, Turner entered into an agreement to acquire a majority stake in NDTV Imagine Limited, which owns a Hindi general entertainment channel in India. The transaction is expected to close during the first quarter of 2010 and is subject to customary closing conditions, including the receipt of Indian regulatory approval.
 
CNN International, an English language news network, is distributed in more than 190 countries and territories as of the end of 2009. CNN International has network feeds in five separate regions: Europe/Middle East/Africa, Asia Pacific, South Asia, Latin America and North America. HLN is distributed in Canada, the Caribbean, parts of Latin America and the Asia Pacific region. CNN en Espaňol, a separate Spanish language news network, is distributed primarily in Latin America.
 
In a number of regions, Turner has launched local-language versions of its channels through joint ventures with local partners. These include CNN+, a Spanish language 24-hour news network distributed in Spain; CNN Turk, a Turkish language 24-hour news network available in Turkey and the Netherlands; Cartoon Network Turkey and TNT Turkey, both Turkish language channels distributed in Turkey; CNN Chile, a Spanish language 24-hour news network distributed in Chile; CNNj, an English-with-Japanese-translation news service in Japan; Cartoon Network Korea, a local-language 24-hour channel for kids; and BOING, an Italian language 24-hour kids animation network. CNN content is distributed through CNN-IBN, a co-branded, 24-hour, English language general news and current affairs channel in India. Turner also has interests in a Mandarin language general entertainment service in China (CETV).
 
Websites and Digital Applications and Initiatives
 
Turner operates various websites that generate revenues primarily from commercial advertising. CNN has multiple websites, including CNN.com and several localized editions that operate in Turner’s international markets.


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CNN also operates CNNMoney.com in collaboration with Time Inc.’s Money and Fortune magazines. Turner operates the NASCAR websites NASCAR.com and NASCAR.com en Espaňol under an agreement with NASCAR that runs through 2014, and the PGA’s and PGA Tour’s websites, PGA.com and PGATour.com, respectively, under agreements with the PGA and the PGA Tour that run through 2019. In addition, Turner operates NBA.com under an agreement with the NBA that runs through 2016. Turner also operates CartoonNetwork.com, as well as 45 international websites affiliated with the regional children’s services feeds. Turner also published several Apps in Apple Inc.’s iTunes App Store, including CNN Mobile. In 2010, Turner intends to continue to partner with affiliates on trials and commercials launches of online and on demand access to Turner’s content through services provided by such affiliates in accordance with the broad principles established by the initiative to deliver TV Everywhere.
 
Home Box Office
 
HBO, operated by Home Box Office, is the nation’s most widely distributed premium pay television service. Including HBO’s sister service, Cinemax, the Home Box Office Services had approximately 41 million domestic subscriptions as of December 31, 2009. Both HBO and Cinemax are made available in HD on a number of multiplex channels. Home Box Office also offers HBO and Cinemax On Demand, subscription products that enable digital cable and telephone company customers who subscribe to the HBO and Cinemax services to view programs at the time they choose. In 2009, Home Box Office also began limited tests of HBO and Cinemax on demand subscription products delivered by means of broadband networks, which it intends to expand and make available to subscribers of the HBO and Cinemax services via certain of HBO’s affiliates in 2010.
 
A major portion of the programming on HBO and Cinemax consists of recently released, uncut and uncensored theatrical motion pictures. Home Box Office’s practice has been to negotiate licensing agreements of varying duration with major motion picture studios and independent producers and distributors in order to ensure continued access to such films. These agreements typically grant pay television exhibition rights to recently released and certain older films owned by the particular studio, producer or distributor in exchange for negotiated fees, which may be a function of, among other things, the box office performances of the films.
 
HBO is also defined by its award-winning original dramatic and comedy series, such as True Blood, The Sopranos, Entourage and Curb Your Enthusiasm, as well as movies, mini-series, boxing matches and sports news programs, comedy specials, family programming and documentaries. In 2009, among other awards, HBO won 21 Primetime Emmys — the most of any network — as well as 8 Sports Emmys. In addition, HBO won five Peabody Awards, including awards for the comedy series Entourage and the miniseries John Adams.
 
Home Box Office also generates revenues from the exploitation of its original programming through multiple distribution outlets. HBO Home Entertainment markets a variety of HBO’s original programming on DVD and Blu-ray Discs. HBO licenses its original series, such as The Sopranos, Sex and the City, Entourage and Curb Your Enthusiasm, to basic cable channels and has also licensed Sex and the City, Entourage and Curb Your Enthusiasm in syndication. The Home Box Office-produced show Everybody Loves Raymond, which aired for nine seasons on broadcast television, is currently in syndication as well. Home Box Office content is also distributed by Apple Inc. through its online iTunes stores in the U.S. and various international regions, as well as on various mobile telephone platforms. In addition, HBO-branded services are distributed in more than 50 countries in Latin America, Asia and Central Europe, primarily through various pay television joint ventures. In 2007 and 2008, Home Box Office acquired additional interests in HBO Asia and HBO South Asia and additional interests in HBO Latin America Group. In January 2010, Home Box Office purchased the remainder of its partners’ interests in HBO Central Europe.
 
The CW
 
Launched at the beginning of the Fall 2006 broadcast season, The CW broadcast network is a 50-50 joint venture between Warner Bros. and CBS Corporation (“CBS”). The CW’s schedule includes, among other things, a five night-10 hour primetime lineup with programming such as Gossip Girl, 90210, Melrose Place, One Tree Hill, Life Unexpected, America’s Next Top Model, Vampire Diaries, Smallville and Supernatural, as well as a five-hour block of animated children’s programming on Saturday mornings. As of December 31, 2009, The CW was carried


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nationally by affiliated television stations covering 93% of U.S. television households. Among the affiliates of The CW are 13 stations owned by Tribune Broadcasting and 9 stations owned by CBS.
 
Central Media Enterprises Ltd.
 
During 2009, the Company acquired an approximately 31% interest in Central Media Enterprises Ltd., a publicly-traded broadcasting company that operates leading networks in seven Central and Eastern European countries.
 
Competition
 
The Networks compete with other television programming services for marketing and distribution by cable, satellite and other distribution systems. The Networks also compete for viewers’ attention and audience share with all other forms of programming provided to viewers, including broadcast networks, local over-the-air television stations, other pay and basic cable television services, motion pictures, home video, pay-per-view and video-on-demand services, online activities (including Internet streaming and downloading), and other forms of news, information and entertainment. In addition, the Networks face competition for programming from those same commercial television networks, independent stations, and pay and basic cable television services, some of which have exclusive contracts with motion picture studios and independent motion picture distributors. The Turner Networks and Turner’s websites compete for advertising budgets with numerous direct competitors and other media.
 
The Networks’ production divisions compete with other production companies for the services of producers, directors, writers, actors and others and for the acquisition of scripts.
 
FILMED ENTERTAINMENT
 
The Company’s Filmed Entertainment businesses produce and distribute theatrical motion pictures, television shows, animation and other programming and videogames, distribute home video product, and license rights to the Company’s feature films, television programming and characters. All of the foregoing businesses are principally conducted by various subsidiaries and affiliates of Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., known collectively as the Warner Bros. Entertainment Group (“Warner Bros.”), including New Line Cinema LLC (“New Line”). The New Line business has been operated as a unit of Warner Bros. since July 2008 and as a subsidiary since January 2010.
 
Feature Films
 
Warner Bros.
 
Warner Bros. produces feature films both wholly on its own and under co-financing arrangements with others, and also distributes its films and completed films produced by others. Warner Bros.’ feature films are produced under the Warner Bros. Pictures and Castle Rock banners. The terms of Warner Bros.’ agreements with independent producers and other entities are separately negotiated and vary depending on the production, the amount and type of financing by Warner Bros., the media and territories covered, the distribution term and other factors.
 
Warner Bros.’ strategy focuses on offering a diverse slate of films with a mix of genres, talent and budgets that includes several “event” movies per year. In response to the high cost of producing theatrical films, Warner Bros. has entered into certain film co-financing arrangements with other companies, decreasing its financial risk while in most cases retaining substantially all worldwide distribution rights. During 2009, Warner Bros. released 18 original motion pictures for worldwide theatrical exhibition, including Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover, Sherlock Holmes, The Blind Side and Invictus. Of the total 2009 releases, two were wholly financed by Warner Bros. and 16 were financed with or by others.
 
Warner Bros. has co-financing arrangements with Village Roadshow Pictures and Legendary Pictures, LLC. Additionally, Warner Bros. has an exclusive distribution arrangement with Alcon Entertainment for distribution of


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all of Alcon’s motion pictures in domestic and certain international territories. Warner Bros. also has an exclusive distribution arrangement with Dark Castle Holdings, LLC, under which Warner Bros. will distribute 15 Dark Castle feature films in the U.S. and, generally, in all international territories.
 
Warner Bros. distributes feature films for theatrical exhibition to more than 125 international territories. In 2009, Warner Bros. released internationally 11 English-language motion pictures and 33 local-language films that it either produced or acquired.
 
After their theatrical exhibition, Warner Bros. licenses its newly produced films, as well as films from its library, for distribution on broadcast, cable, satellite and pay television channels both domestically and internationally, and it also distributes its films on DVD and Blu-ray Discs and in various digital formats.
 
New Line
 
New Line produces feature films, which are distributed by Warner Bros. New Line’s strategy, like Warner Bros.’, focuses on offering a diverse slate of films with an emphasis on building and leveraging franchises. During 2009, New Line released eight films, including He’s Just Not That Into You, The Final Destination, Friday the 13th and Ghosts of Girlfriends Past.
 
Home Entertainment
 
Warner Home Video (“WHV”), a division of Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Inc. (“WBHE”), distributes DVDs and Blu-ray Discs containing filmed entertainment product produced or otherwise acquired by the Company’s various content-producing subsidiaries and divisions, including Warner Bros. Pictures, Warner Bros. Television, New Line, Home Box Office and Turner. Significant WHV releases during 2009 included Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover and Gran Torino. WHV produces and distributes DVDs and Blu-ray Discs from new content generated by the Company as well as from the Company’s extensive filmed entertainment library of thousands of feature films, television titles and animated titles. WHV also distributes other companies’ product, including DVDs and Blu-ray Discs for BBC, Sesame Street and national sports leagues in the U.S., and has similar distribution relationships with producers outside the U.S.
 
WHV sells and licenses its product for resale in the U.S. and in major international territories to retailers and wholesalers through its own sales force, with warehousing and fulfillment handled by third parties. DVD and Blu-ray Disc product is replicated by third parties, with replication for the U.S., Canada, Europe and Mexico provided for under a long-term contract. In some countries, WHV’s product is distributed through licensees.
 
Warner Premiere, a division of Warner Specialty Films Inc. established in 2006, develops and produces filmed entertainment that is distributed initially through DVD and Blu-ray Disc sales (“direct-to-video”) and short-form content that is distributed through online and wireless platforms. Warner Premiere produced 8 direct-to-video titles in 2009. In addition, in 2009, Warner Premiere Digital produced several short form animated series such as Superman: Red Son and Batman: Black and White Motion Comics, which incorporate various animation features into comic book artwork.
 
Television
 
Warner Bros. Television Group (“WBTVG”) is one of the world’s leading suppliers of television programming, distributing programming in the U.S. as well as in more than 200 international territories and in more than 45 languages. WBTVG both develops and produces new television series, made-for-television movies, reality-based entertainment shows and animation programs and also licenses programming from the Warner Bros. library for exhibition on media all over the world. In August 2009, Warner Bros. International Television Distribution Inc. announced the formation of a new production unit to create locally-produced versions of the studio’s programs and develop original local programming.
 
WBTVG programming is primarily produced by Warner Bros. Television (“WBTV”), a division of WB Studio Enterprises Inc. that produces primetime dramatic and comedy programming for the major broadcast networks and for cable networks; Warner Horizon Television Inc. (“Warner Horizon”), which specializes in unscripted


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programming for broadcast networks as well as scripted and unscripted programming for cable networks; and Telepictures Productions Inc. (“Telepictures”), which specializes in reality-based and talk/variety series for the syndication and daytime markets. For the 2009-10 season, WBTV is producing, among others, Smallville and Gossip Girl for The CW and Two and a Half Men, The Big Bang Theory, Fringe, and The Mentalist for other broadcast networks. WBTV also produces original series for cable networks, including The Closer and Nip/Tuck. Warner Horizon produces the primetime reality series The Bachelor and America’s Best Dance Crew. Telepictures produces first-run syndication shows such as Extra, and the talk shows The Ellen DeGeneres Show and Tyra, TMZ, a series based on the top entertainment website TMZ.com, and Lopez Tonight for TBS.
 
Warner Bros. Animation Inc. (“WBAI”) creates, develops and produces contemporary animated television programming and original made-for-DVD releases, including the Scooby-Doo series. WBAI also oversees the creative use of, and production of animated programming based on, classic animated characters from Warner Bros., including Looney Tunes, and from the Hanna-Barbera and DC Comics libraries.
 
Interactive Videogames
 
Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment (“WBIE”), a division of WBHE, develops, publishes and licenses interactive videogames for a variety of platforms based on Warner Bros. and DC Comics properties, as well as original game properties. In 2009, WBIE continued to expand its games publishing business by increasing its development capabilities, entering into new videogame distribution agreements and further leveraging WBHE’s global distribution infrastructure. Significant publishing releases in 2009 included Lego Indiana Jones 2: The Adventure Continues, F.E.A.R. 2: Project Origin, LEGO Rock Band and Scribblenauts. WBIE also co-published or distributed a number of additional third-party videogame titles primarily in North America, including Batman: Arkham Asylum. WBIE has entered into an agreement for the co-financing of certain of its interactive videogames with Imagenation Abu Dhabi, a subsidiary of Abu Dhabi Media Company, which arrangement is described in more detail below.
 
Digital Media
 
Warner Bros. Digital Distribution (“WBDD”), a division of WBHE, enters into domestic and international licensing arrangements for distribution of Warner Bros.’ film and television content and acquired content through both video on demand (“VOD”) and/or electronic sell-through (“EST”) transactions via cable, IPTV systems, satellite and online services for delivery to households, hotels and other viewers worldwide. WBDD licenses film and television content for both VOD and EST to cable, satellite and telephone company partners such as Comcast, Time Warner Cable, DirecTV, DISH Network and Verizon, as well as broadband customers including Apple’s iTunes, Amazon’s Video on Demand, Microsoft’s Xbox 360, Sony’s Playstation 3 and Blockbuster. WBDD has also licensed movies to Netflix’s subscription on demand service. In 2009, WBDD continued its VOD content release strategy of initiating the release, both domestically and in 15 international territories, of selected films through VOD on the same date as their release on DVD, Blu-ray Discs and EST.
 
In 2009 WBDD expanded its arrangements with a number of mobile handset and PC manufacturers, including Nokia, Samsung and Dell, to pre-load films onto their devices to be marketed to consumers. WBDD also entered into content licensing deals for online interactive videogames involving DC Comics properties and The Lord of the Rings and for numerous mobile interactive videogames. In addition to its content licensing activities, WBDD published 23 Apps in Apple’s iTunes App Store, including Harry Potter: Spells, Lego Batman and Sherlock Holmes Mysteries. In partnership with WBIE, WBDD expanded its digital distribution strategy to include the online distribution of interactive videogames on multiple platforms including PC, Microsoft’s Xbox 360, Sony’s Playstation 3 and handheld devices including Sony’s PSP device and Apple’s iPhone and iPod Touch. WBDD also entered into agreements in 2009 to test delivery of content through in-store digital kiosk locations.
 
WBDD manages Warner Bros.’ direct-to-consumer retail website, wbshop.com. In 2009, WBDD launched the Warner Archive Collection manufacturing-on-demand offering, allowing consumers to select Warner Bros. titles online, many of which were never before released on disc, and have the films burned onto discs and delivered to them. WBDD released over 420 such titles on wbshop.com in 2009.


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WBDD also makes electronic copies of movies available to consumers who purchase specially marked DVDs and Blu-ray Discs, either by entering a code included in the product packaging that allows consumers to download a file containing the film or by placing an electronic copy of the film directly on the DVD or Blu-ray Disc that the consumer can upload. In 2009, digital copies were offered to purchasers of DVDs and Blu-ray Discs on 60 titles in the United States and digital copy offers were also made available for certain titles in 20 international territories.
 
WBTVG’s online destination TMZ.com, is one of the leading entertainment news websites in the U.S. WBTVG’s MomLogic.com site serves as Telepictures’ online women’s network, the destination site TheWB.com is an online video site featuring programs from the Warner Bros. library and new original production, and its KidsWB.com is a casual game and video online destination site with a target audience of kids, ages 6-12. In addition, the online destination Essence.com, launched in conjunction with Time Inc.’s Essence magazine, is a leading online destination for African-American women. In 2010, WBTVG plans to launch one or more additional destination sites. WBTVG’s digital production venture, Studio 2.0, continues to create original programming for online and wireless distribution.
 
Many of WBTVG’s current on-air television series are available on demand via broadband and wireless streaming and downloading and cable VOD platforms under agreements entered into with the broadcast and cable networks exhibiting the series. Pursuant to those agreements, the networks have the right to offer each series episode on demand for a limited period of time after the episode airs and WBTVG retains the right to offer permanent downloads of current episodes during the same timeframe and, increasingly, WBTVG has the right to offer online streaming of current series episodes at the end of a broadcast year. WBTVG also distributes certain off-air, or library, television series online in the U.S. through TheWB.com and other destination sites, and through distribution agreements with third party video exhibition sites. Internationally, WBTVG has a number of Warner Bros. branded on-demand program services, which, as of December 31, 2009, included five services in the U.K., three in each of France, Germany and China, two in each of Austria, Italy and Japan, and one in each of the Netherlands, Finland, Canada, Greece/Cyprus, Poland and Spain. In addition, WBTVG operates a linear Warner Bros. branded general entertainment channel in Latin America, and supplies programming to a linear Warner Bros. branded general entertainment channel in India.
 
Other Entertainment Assets
 
Warner Bros. Consumer Products Inc. licenses rights in both domestic and international markets to the names, likenesses, images, logos and other representations of characters and copyrighted material from the films and television series produced or distributed by Warner Bros., including the superhero characters of DC Comics, Hanna-Barbera characters, classic films and Looney Tunes.
 
Warner Bros. and CBS each have a 50% interest in The CW, a broadcast network launched at the beginning of the Fall 2006 broadcast season. For additional information, see “Networks,” above.
 
Warner Bros. International Cinemas Inc. holds interests through joint ventures in 70 multi-screen cinema complexes, with over 550 screens in Japan and the U.S. as of December 31, 2009.
 
DC Entertainment, which is wholly owned by the Company, is responsible for bringing the DC Comics business, brand and characters from comics into other content and distribution businesses including feature films, television programming, interactive videogames, direct-to-consumer platforms, and consumer products. DC Comics, also wholly owned by the Company, publishes on average approximately 90 comic books and 30 graphic novels per month, featuring such popular characters as Superman, Batman, Green Lantern, Wonder Woman and The Sandman. DC Entertainment is the operating name of E.C. Publications, Inc., which also publishes MAD magazine.
 
In 2007, Warner Bros. entered into a long-term, multi-faceted strategic alliance with ALDAR Properties PJSC, an Abu Dhabi real estate development company, and Abu Dhabi Media Company, a media company owned by the Abu Dhabi government, to develop certain entertainment related projects in Abu Dhabi. Some of the initial projects under the strategic alliance will include the creation of a theme park branded with Warner Bros. intellectual property, an agreement for the co-financing and distribution of interactive videogames and a film co-financing and distribution arrangement.


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Competition
 
The production and distribution of theatrical motion pictures, television, videogame and animation product and DVDs and Blu-ray Discs are highly competitive businesses, as each vies with the other, as well as with other forms of entertainment and leisure time activities, including Internet streaming and downloading, websites providing social networking and user-generated content, interactive games and other online activities, for consumers’ attention. Furthermore, there is intense competition in the television industry evidenced by the increasing number and variety of broadcast networks and basic cable and pay television services now available. Despite this increasing variety of networks and services, access to primetime and syndicated television slots has actually tightened as networks and owned and operated stations increasingly source programming from content producers aligned with or owned by their parent companies. There is active competition among all production companies in these industries for the services of producers, directors, writers, actors and others and for the acquisition of literary properties. With respect to the distribution of television product, there is significant competition from independent distributors as well as major studios. Revenues for filmed entertainment product depend in part upon general economic conditions, but the competitive position of a producer or distributor is still greatly affected by the quality of, and public response to, the entertainment product it makes available to the marketplace.
 
Warner Bros. also competes in its character merchandising and other licensing activities with other licensors of character, brand and celebrity names.
 
PUBLISHING
 
The Company’s publishing business is conducted primarily by Time Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, either directly or through its subsidiaries. Time Inc. is the largest magazine publisher in the U.S. based on advertising revenues, as measured by Publishers Information Bureau (“PIB”). In addition to publishing magazines, Time Inc. also operates a number of websites, as well as certain direct-marketing businesses.
 
Publishing
 
As of December 31, 2009, Time Inc. published 21 magazines in the U.S., including People, Sports Illustrated, Time, InStyle, Real Simple, Southern Living, Entertainment Weekly and Fortune, and over 90 magazines outside the U.S., primarily through IPC Media (“IPC”) in the U.K. and Grupo Editorial Expansión (“GEE”) in Mexico. In addition, Time Inc. operates almost 50 websites, such as CNNMoney.com, People.com and SI.com, that collectively had average unique visitors of over 45 million in the U.S., the U.K., Mexico and other countries during the fourth quarter of 2009, according to comScore Media Metrix (based on comScore Media Metrix’s 360 methodology for digital audience measurement, which Time Inc. has utilized since October 2009).
 
In December 2009, Time Inc., together with four other leading publishers, announced the formation of an independent venture to develop a new digital storefront and related technology that will allow consumers to enjoy media content on portable digital devices.
 
In 2008, Time Inc. reorganized its U.S. magazines and companion websites into three business units, each under a single management team: (1) Style and Entertainment, (2) News and (3) Lifestyle. This structure has enabled Time Inc. to reduce its costs while bringing together under centralized management products that have a common appeal in the marketplace. In addition, magazine consumer marketing and production and distribution activities are generally centralized, and subscription fulfillment activities for Time Inc.’s U.S. magazines are primarily administered from a centralized facility in Tampa, Florida. In 2009, Time Inc. implemented further cost-saving initiatives, particularly at its News business unit.
 
Style and Entertainment
 
People is a weekly magazine that reports on celebrities and other newsworthy individuals. People magazine generated approximately 20% of Time Inc.’s revenues in 2009. The People franchise also includes: People StyleWatch, a monthly magazine aimed at U.S. style-conscious younger readers; People en Espaňol, a monthly Spanish-language magazine aimed primarily at U.S. Hispanic readers; People.com, a leading website for celebrity


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news, photos and entertainment coverage; and PeopleEnEspaňol.com, a bilingual website aimed primarily at the U.S. Hispanic audience.
 
InStyle, a monthly magazine, and InStyle.com, a related website, focus on celebrity, lifestyle, beauty and fashion. Time Inc. also publishes InStyle in the U.K. through IPC and in Mexico through GEE.
 
Entertainment Weekly, a weekly magazine, and EW.com, a related entertainment news website, feature reviews and reports on movies, DVDs, video, television, music and books.
 
Essence Communications Inc. (“ECI”) publishes Essence, a leading lifestyle magazine for African-American women in the U.S., and Essence.com, a related website, and also produces the annual Essence Music Festival. ECI partnered with Warner Bros. in 2008 to re-launch Essence.com and has also expanded the brand’s content online and into television and home entertainment.
 
News
 
Sports Illustrated is a weekly magazine that covers sports. Sports Illustrated for Kids is a monthly sports magazine intended primarily for pre-teenagers. SI.com is a leading sports news website that provides up-to-the-minute scores and sports news 24/7, as well as statistics and analysis of domestic and international professional sports and college and high school sports. SI.com operates FanNation.com, a social-media, community site for sports fans and fantasy sports enthusiasts. Time Inc. also publishes the sports magazine Golf, a leading monthly golf magazine, and Golf.com, a related website, which feature user-friendly content designed to help readers play their best golf and maximize their golfing experience.
 
Time is a weekly newsmagazine that summarizes the news and interprets the week’s events, both national and international. Time also has three weekly English-language editions that circulate outside the U.S. Time for Kids is a weekly current events newsmagazine for children, ages 5 to 13. TIME.com provides breaking news and analysis, giving its readers access to its 24-hour global news gathering operation and its vast archive.
 
Fortune is a magazine published 18 times per year that reports on worldwide economic and business developments and compiles the annual Fortune 500 list of the largest U.S. corporations. Time Inc. also publishes Money, a monthly magazine that reports primarily on personal finance. Both of these magazines combine their resources on the CNNMoney.com website, a leading financial news and personal finance website that is operated in partnership with CNN.
 
Life.com, launched in March 2009, is a joint venture between Time Inc. and Getty Images, Inc. It is one of the largest collections of professional photography online with over seven million photos, a combination of the legendary Life Magazine archives and Getty’s extensive collection of contemporary images.
 
Lifestyle
 
Real Simple, a monthly magazine, and RealSimple.com, a related website, focus on life, home, body and soul and provide practical solutions to make women’s lives easier.
 
Southern Living, a monthly regional magazine, and SouthernLiving.com, a related website, focus on lifestyles in the southern part of the U.S.
 
Cooking Light, a monthly epicurean magazine, and CookingLight.com, a related website, focus on cooking healthy and great tasting meals.
 
Sunset, a monthly magazine, and Sunset.com, a related website, focus on western lifestyle in the U.S.
 
All You, a monthly magazine, and AllYou.com, a related website, focus on lifestyle and service for value conscious women.
 
Health, a monthly magazine for women, and Health.com, a related website, focus on information about health and wellness.
 
This Old House publishes This Old House magazine and ThisOldHouse.com, a related website, and produces two television series, This Old House and Ask This Old House.


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Coastal Living, a monthly shelter and lifestyle magazine, and CoastalLiving.com, a related website, focus on home design and lifestyles in coastal areas of the U.S.
 
MyRecipes.com, a recipes website, and MyHomeIdeas.com, a shelter website, both feature original content and content from other Time Inc. Lifestyle brands.
 
Other Publishing Operations
 
Time Inc. also has responsibility under a management contract for the American Express Publishing Corporation’s publishing operations, including its travel and epicurean magazines Travel & Leisure, Food & Wine and Departures and their related websites.
 
International
 
IPC, a leading U.K. consumer magazine publisher, publishes approximately 75 magazines as well as numerous special issues. IPC’s magazines include What’s On TV and TV Times in the television listings sector, Chat, Woman and Woman’s Own in the women’s lifestyle sector, Now in the celebrity sector, Woman & Home, Ideal Home and Homes & Gardens in the home and garden sector, Horse & Hound and Country Life in the leisure sector, NME in the music sector and Nuts and Loaded in the men’s lifestyle sector. In addition, IPC publishes four magazines through three unconsolidated joint ventures with Groupe Marie Claire. IPC websites include ShopStyle, a shopping portal on instyle.co.uk, video channels on nme.com, nuts.co.uk, trustedreviews.com and golfmonthly.co.uk, among other websites, and Mousebreaker.com, a U.K. free-to-play game site.
 
Effective in January 2010, IPC reorganized into three operating divisions that are aligned with its three core audience groups of men, mass-market women and upscale women. This structure is intended to facilitate the delivery of highly targeted audiences to IPC’s advertisers and bring greater focus and efficiency to IPC’s operations.
 
GEE, a leading Mexican consumer magazine publisher, publishes 14 magazines in Mexico including: Quién, a celebrity and personality magazine; Expansión, a business magazine; IDC, a tax and accounting bulletin; Vuelo and Loop, two in-flight magazines that it publishes pursuant to a license agreement with Mexicana airlines; InStyle Mexico, a fashion and lifestyle magazine for women; and Chilango, a Mexico City listing guide. In addition, GEE publishes two magazines through an unconsolidated joint venture with Hachette Filipacchi Presse S.A. GEE also operates MetrosCúbicos.com, a leading website for classified real estate listings in Mexico, CNNExpansíon.com, a leading business website in Mexico, and Quien.com, a leading celebrity site, and it holds a majority interest in MedioTiempo.com, a leading sports website in Mexico.
 
Time Inc. licenses over 50 editions of its magazines for publication outside the U.S. to publishers in over 20 countries.
 
Advertising
 
Time Inc. derives approximately half of its revenues from the sale of advertising, primarily from its magazines with a smaller amount of advertising revenues from its websites. Advertising carried in Time Inc.’s magazines and on its websites is predominantly consumer advertising, including food, toiletries and cosmetics, drugs, automobiles, computers and telecommunications, media and movies, retail and department stores, financial services and insurance, apparel and accessories, travel and home.
 
In 2009, Time Inc.’s U.S. magazines accounted for 20% (compared to 18.4% in 2008) of the total U.S. advertising revenues in consumer magazines, excluding newspaper supplements, as measured by PIB. People, Sports Illustrated and Time were ranked 1, 3 and 6, respectively, in terms of PIB-measured advertising revenues in 2009, and Time Inc. had six of the top 25 leading magazines based on the same measure.
 
Circulation
 
Through the sale of magazines to consumers, circulation generates significant revenues for Time Inc. In addition, circulation is an important component in determining Time Inc.’s print advertising revenues because advertising page rates are based on circulation and audience. Most of Time Inc.’s U.S. magazines are sold primarily


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by subscription and delivered to subscribers through the mail. Subscriptions are sold primarily through direct mail and online solicitation, subscription sales agents, marketing agreements with other companies and insert cards in Time Inc. magazines and other publications. Most of Time Inc.’s international magazines are sold primarily at newsstands.
 
Time Inc.’s Synapse Group, Inc. (“Synapse”) is a leading seller of domestic magazine subscriptions to Time Inc. magazines and magazines of other U.S. publishers. Synapse sells magazine subscriptions principally through marketing relationships with credit card issuers, consumer catalog companies, commercial airlines with frequent flier programs, retailers and Internet businesses.
 
Time Inc.’s U.S.-based school and youth group fundraising company, QSP, Inc. and its Canadian affiliate, Quality Service Programs Inc. (collectively, “QSP”), offers fundraising programs that help schools and youth groups raise money through the sale of magazine subscriptions to Time Inc. magazines and magazines of other publishers, among other products.
 
Newsstand sales of magazines, which are reported as a component of Subscription revenues, are sold through traditional newsstands as well as other retail outlets such as Wal-Mart, supermarkets and convenience and drug stores, and may or may not result in repeat purchases. Time/Warner Retail Sales & Marketing Inc. distributes and markets copies of Time Inc. magazines and books and certain other publishers’ magazines and books through third-party wholesalers primarily in the U.S. and Canada. Wholesalers, in turn, sell Time Inc. magazines and books to retailers. A small number of wholesalers are responsible for a substantial portion of Time Inc.’s newsstand sales of magazines and books. IPC’s Marketforce (U.K.) Limited distributes and markets copies of all IPC magazines, some international editions of Time Inc.’s U.S. magazines and certain other publishers’ magazines outside of the U.S. through third-party wholesalers to retail outlets.
 
Paper and Printing
 
Paper constitutes a significant component of physical costs in the production of magazines. During 2009, Time Inc. purchased over 275,000 tons of paper for magazines and other printed products principally from three independent manufacturers.
 
Printing and binding for Time Inc. magazines are performed primarily by major domestic and international independent printing concerns in multiple locations in the U.S. and in other countries. Magazine printing contracts are typically fixed-term at fixed prices with, in some cases, adjustments based on inflation.
 
Direct-Marketing and Books
 
Through subsidiaries, Time Inc. conducts direct-marketing businesses as well as certain niche book publishing. In addition to selling magazine subscriptions, Synapse is a direct marketer of consumer products, including jewelry and other merchandise.
 
In addition to magazine fundraising programs, QSP offers fundraising programs that help schools and youth groups to raise money through the sale of chocolate, cookie dough and other products.
 
Time Inc.’s book publishing business consists of Time Inc. Home Entertainment, Oxmoor House and Sunset Books, which publish how-to, lifestyle and special commemorative books, among other topics.
 
In 2009, Time Inc. sold Southern Living At Home, its direct selling division which sells home décor products through independent consultants.
 
Postal Rates
 
Postal costs represent a significant operating expense for the Company’s magazine publishing and direct-marketing activities. In 2009, Time Inc. spent over $250 million for services provided by the U.S. Postal Service. The U.S. Postal Service implemented an approximately 3.8% postal rate increase effective May 11, 2009 for all classes of mail but is not expected to increase rates in 2010. These increased costs are not directly passed on to


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magazine subscribers. Time Inc. strives to minimize postal expense through the use of certain cost-saving activities with respect to address quality, mail preparation and delivery of products to postal facilities.
 
Competition
 
Time Inc. faces significant competition from several direct competitors and other media, including the Internet. Time Inc.’s magazine and website operations compete with numerous other magazine and website publishers and other media for circulation and audience and for advertising directed at the general public and at more focused demographic groups. The publishing business presents few barriers to entry and many new magazines and websites are launched annually. In recent years, competitors have launched and/or repositioned many magazines and websites, primarily in the celebrity and women’s sectors that compete directly with People, InStyle, Real Simple and other Time Inc. magazines, as well as Time Inc.’s websites. This has resulted in increased competition, especially at newsstands and mass retailers and particularly for celebrity and entertainment magazines. It is possible that additional competitors may enter the website publishing business.
 
Competition for magazine and website advertising revenues is primarily based on advertising rates, the nature and size of the audience (including the circulation and readership of magazines and the number of unique visitors to and page views on websites), audience response to advertisers’ products and services and the effectiveness of sales teams. Other competitive factors in publishing include product positioning, editorial quality, price and customer service, which impact audience, circulation revenue and advertising revenue. In addition, competition for magazine advertising revenue has intensified in recent years as advertising dollars have increasingly shifted from traditional to online media, and competition for advertising has intensified even further due to the difficult current economic conditions.
 
Time Inc.’s direct-marketing operations compete with other direct marketers through all media, including the Internet, for the consumer’s attention.
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
 
Time Warner is one of the world’s leading creators, owners and distributors of intellectual property. The Company’s vast intellectual property assets include copyrights in motion pictures, television programs, magazines, software and books; trademarks in names, logos and characters; patents or patent applications for inventions related to its products and services; and licenses of intellectual property rights of various kinds. These intellectual property assets, both in the U.S. and in other countries around the world, are among the Company’s most valuable assets. The Company derives value from these assets through a range of business models, including the theatrical release of films, the licensing of its films and television programming to multiple domestic and international television and cable networks and pay television services, and the sale of products such as DVDs, Blu-ray Discs and magazines. It also derives revenues related to its intellectual property through advertising in its magazines, networks and online properties and from various types of licensing activities, including licensing of its copyrighted motion pictures, television programming and other works to distributors and licensing of its trademarks and characters. To protect these assets, the Company relies on a combination of copyright, trademark, unfair competition, patent and trade secret laws and contract provisions. The duration of the protection afforded to the Company’s intellectual property depends on the type of property in question and the laws and regulations of the relevant jurisdiction; in the case of licenses, it also depends on contractual and/or statutory provisions.
 
The Company vigorously pursues all appropriate avenues of protection for its intellectual property. However, there can be no assurance of the degree to which these measures will be successful in any given case. Policing unauthorized use of the Company’s intellectual property is often difficult and costly and the steps taken may not in every case prevent misappropriation. Piracy, particularly in the digital environment, continues to present a threat to revenues from products and services based on intellectual property. The Company seeks to limit that threat through a combination of approaches, including offering legitimate market alternatives, applying technical protection measures, pursuing legal sanctions for infringement, promoting appropriate legislative initiatives, and enhancing public awareness of the meaning and value of intellectual property. The Company works with various cross-industry


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groups and trade associations, as well as with strategic partners to develop and implement technological solutions to control digital piracy.
 
Third parties may bring intellectual property infringement claims or challenge the validity or scope of the Company’s intellectual property from time to time, and such challenges could result in the limitation or loss of intellectual property rights. In addition, domestic and international laws, statutes and regulations are constantly changing, and the Company’s assets may be either adversely or beneficially affected by such changes. Moreover, intellectual property protections may be insufficient or insufficiently enforced in certain foreign territories. The Company therefore generally engages in efforts to strengthen and update intellectual property protection around the world, including efforts to ensure effective and appropriately tailored remedies for infringement.
 
REGULATORY MATTERS
 
The Company’s cable networks and original programming businesses are subject, in part, to regulation by the Federal Communications Commission (the “FCC”). The Company’s magazine and other direct marketing activities are also subject to regulation. The following is a summary of current significant federal, state and local laws and regulations affecting the growth and operation of these businesses. In addition, various legislative and regulatory proposals under consideration from time to time by the United States Congress (“Congress”) and various federal agencies have in the past materially affected, and may in the future materially affect, the Company and its businesses.
 
Network Regulation
 
Under the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, and its implementing regulations, cable networks are subject to certain direct and, through their distribution partners, indirect obligations relating to closed captioning, political advertising, and commercial limits on programming produced and broadcast primarily for an audience of children 12 and under.
 
Certain other federal laws also contain provisions relating to violent and sexually explicit programming, including provisions relating to the voluntary promulgation of ratings by the industry and requiring manufacturers to build television sets with the capability of blocking certain coded programming (the so-called “V-chip”). Cable networks with programming produced and broadcast primarily for an audience of children 12 and younger must also comply with commercial time limits during such programming.
 
In addition, various legislative and regulatory proposals may in the future materially affect the Company and its businesses. For example, in October 2009, the FCC initiated a rulemaking to adopt so-called “net neutrality” rules codifying its 2005 Internet Policy Statement by preventing Internet service providers (ISPs) from interfering with: (1) a consumer’s ability to send or receive lawful content over the Internet; (2) a consumer’s ability to run the services and applications of its choice; (3) a consumer’s ability to connect to and use lawful devices that do not harm the ISP’s network; and (4) a consumer’s entitlement to competition among network providers, application providers, service providers, and content providers. The rulemaking also proposes to require ISPs to adhere to new nondiscrimination and transparency principles, but would allow ISPs to employ reasonable network management to address, among other things, network congestion and unlawful transfers of content, such as copyrighted material subject to piracy. The FCC is expected to finalize its rules in 2010.
 
In October 2007, the FCC initiated a rulemaking to examine questions regarding the use of bundling practices in carriage agreements for both broadcast and satellite cable programming. It is unclear what, if any, action the FCC will take in this matter.
 
In June 2008, the FCC initiated an inquiry and rulemaking to examine the use of product placement and integration in television programming. In this proceeding, the FCC sought comment on whether to enhance its existing sponsorship identification rules applicable to broadcast programming, and whether to extend such rules to cable programming. The proceeding also sought comment on whether to expressly prohibit the use of paid product placement or integration in children’s television programming. It is unclear what, if any, action the FCC will take in this matter.


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In October 2009, the FCC initiated an inquiry to broadly survey the state of children’s media across multiple platforms and seek comment on existing ratings, advertising, and media literacy efforts. It is unclear what, if any, action the FCC will take in this matter.
 
The Obama administration is expected to focus on combating childhood obesity through advocacy and other efforts in 2010. In December 2009, an interagency task force announced plans to seek comment on a proposed voluntary nutrition standard for food and beverage marketing aimed at children 2-17 years old. The Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) is also expected to encourage stronger self-regulatory efforts with respect to food and beverage marketing to children, including restrictions on the use of licensed characters from media companies in conjunction with “unhealthy” food and beverage products and on advertisements for “unhealthy” food and beverages during programming directed at children.
 
Although the Company is no longer vertically integrated with a cable operator and thus is no longer subject to the FCC’s program access regulations, in January 2007, online video provider, VDC Corporation (“VDC”), filed a program access complaint with the FCC against Turner, also naming Time Warner in the proceeding. VDC seeks both a licensing agreement for the carriage of various Turner networks, as well as damages not to exceed $25 million. This complaint raises issues of first impression at the FCC, including whether online providers such as VDC are entitled to take advantage of the program access rules. Turner believes VDC’s arguments are without merit and has requested dismissal of the complaint. This matter remains pending before the FCC.
 
Marketing Regulation
 
Time Inc.’s magazine subscription and direct marketing activities, as well as marketing activities by other divisions of the Company, are subject to regulation by the FTC and each of the states under general consumer protection statutes prohibiting unfair or deceptive acts or practices. Certain areas of marketing activity are also subject to specific federal statutes and rules, such as the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (relating to financial privacy) and the FTC Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise Rule. Other statutes and rules also regulate conduct in areas such as privacy, data security, product safety and telemarketing. Time Inc. regularly receives and resolves routine inquiries from state Attorneys General and is subject to agreements with state Attorneys General addressing some of Time Inc.’s marketing activities.
 
FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES
 
Time Warner’s businesses generate revenues and incur expenses in a number of foreign currencies and are subject to the risk of fluctuation in currency exchange rates and to exchange controls. Time Warner cannot predict the extent to which such controls and fluctuations in currency exchange rates may affect its operations in the future or its ability to remit dollars from abroad. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition — Market Risk Management — Foreign Currency Risk,” Note 13 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, “Derivative Instruments,” and “Risk Factors” for additional information.
 
FINANCIAL INFORMATION ABOUT SEGMENTS, GEOGRAPHIC AREAS AND BACKLOG
 
Financial and other information by segment and revenues by geographic area for each year in the three-year period ended December 31, 2009 is set forth in Note 14 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, “Segment Information.” Information with respect to the Company’s backlog, representing future revenue not yet recorded from cash contracts for the licensing of theatrical and television product, at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, is set forth in Note 15 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, “Commitments and Contingencies — Commitments — Programming Licensing Backlog.”


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Item 1A.  Risk Factors.
 
RISKS RELATING TO TIME WARNER GENERALLY
 
The Company must respond to recent and future changes in technology, services and standards and changes in consumer behavior to remain competitive and continue to increase its revenues. Technology, particularly digital technology used in the entertainment industry, continues to evolve rapidly, and advances in that technology have led to alternative methods for the delivery and storage of digital content. These technological changes have driven and reinforced changes in consumer behavior, as consumers increasingly seek control over when, where and how they consume digital content. For example, content owners are increasingly delivering their content directly to consumers over the Internet, often without charge, and consumer electronics innovations have enabled consumers to view such Internet-delivered content on televisions and portable devices. Further, the current economic conditions could have the effect of accelerating the migration to digital technologies among both providers and consumers of content, with companies seeking greater efficiencies and consumers seeking more value and lower cost alternatives.
 
Technological developments also pose other challenges for the Company that could adversely affect its revenues and competitive position. For example, the Company may not have the right, and may not be able to secure the right, to distribute its licensed content across new delivery platforms that are developed. In addition, technological developments that enable third-party owners of programming to bypass traditional cable networks, such as the Turner Networks and the Home Box Office Services, and deal directly with cable system and other content distributors could place limitations on the ability of the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments to distribute such third-party programming that could have an adverse impact on their revenues. Cable system and direct broadcast satellite operators are increasingly able to transmit more channels on their existing equipment, reducing the cost of creating channels and potentially furthering the development of more specialized niche audiences, which could increase the competition for viewers. Furthermore, advances in technology or changes in competitors’ product and service offerings may require the Company in the future to make additional research and development expenditures or to offer at no additional charge or at a lower price certain products and services that are currently offered to customers separately or at a premium. There is also the risk that the Company could develop or support a new technology or business initiative that is not adopted by consumers. In addition, traditional audience measures have evolved with emerging technologies that can measure audiences with improved sensitivity, and there may be future technical and marketplace developments that will result in new audience measurements that may be used as the basis for the pricing and guaranteeing of the advertising contracts of the Publishing segment or the advertising-supported networks in the Networks segment, which could have an adverse effect on these segments’ advertising revenues and an indirect adverse impact on the Filmed Entertainment segment’s licensing revenues. There is also the risk for the Publishing segment that new delivery platforms could lead to pricing restrictions, the loss of distribution control and the loss of a direct relationship with consumers.
 
The Company’s failure to protect and maximize the value of its content, while adapting to, supporting and developing new technology and business models to take advantage of new and emerging technologies and changes to consumer behavior could have a significant adverse effect on the Company’s businesses and results of operations.
 
The introduction and increased popularity of alternative technologies for the distribution of entertainment, news and other information and the resulting shift in consumer habits and advertising expenditures from traditional media to digital media could adversely affect the Company’s revenues. The Company’s Publishing and Networks segments derive a substantial portion of their revenues from advertising in magazines and on television, respectively. Distribution of entertainment, news and other information via the Internet has become increasingly popular over the past several years, and viewing entertainment, news and other content on a personal computer, mobile phone or other electronic or portable electronic device has become increasingly popular as well. Accordingly, advertising dollars have started to shift from traditional media to digital media. The Company believes that the shift in major advertisers’ expenditures from traditional media to digital media has adversely affected the revenue growth of the Publishing and Networks segments, which may continue in the future. This shift could further intensify competition for advertising in traditional media, which could exert greater pressure on these segments to


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increase revenues from digital advertising. In addition, if consumers increasingly elect to obtain news and entertainment online instead of by purchasing the Publishing segment’s magazines, this trend could negatively affect the segment’s circulation revenues and also adversely affect its advertising revenues. Further, the Publishing and Networks segments have taken various steps to diversify the means by which they distribute content and generate advertising revenues, including increasing investments in Internet properties, which may not be sufficient to offset revenue losses resulting from a continued shift in advertising dollars over the long term from traditional media to digital media. In addition, this trend also could have an indirect negative impact on the licensing revenues generated by the Filmed Entertainment segment and the revenues generated by Home Box Office from the licensing of its original programming in syndication and to basic cable networks.
 
The Company has been, and may continue to be, adversely affected by weak economic and market conditions. The Company’s businesses have been, and in the future will continue to be affected by economic and market conditions, including factors such as interest rates, the rate of unemployment, the level of consumer confidence and changes in consumer spending habits. Because many of the Company’s products and services are largely discretionary items, the deterioration of these conditions could diminish demand for the Company’s products and services. Such a decline could also increase the Company’s cost to provide such products and services. In addition, expenditures by advertisers tend to be cyclical, reflecting general economic conditions, and therefore, the deterioration of these conditions could adversely affect the Company’s revenues since the Company’s Networks and Publishing segments derive a substantial portion of their revenues from the sale of advertising. Declines in consumer spending due to weak economic conditions could also indirectly impact the Company’s advertising revenues by causing downward pricing pressure on advertising because advertisers may not perceive as much value from advertising if consumers are purchasing fewer of their products or services. Advertising expenditures also could be negatively affected by other factors, such as shifting societal norms, pressure from public interest groups, changes in laws and regulations and other social, political and technological developments. Disasters, acts of terrorism, hostilities, global health concerns or pandemics also could lead to a reduction in advertising expenditures as a result of uninterrupted news coverage and economic uncertainty. Advertising expenditures by companies in certain sectors of the economy, including food and beverage, apparel, fashion and retail, pharmaceuticals and medical, motion picture, automotive, financial/business services and insurance, toiletries and cosmetics, and telecommunications, represent a significant portion of the Company’s advertising revenues, and any economic, political, social or technological change resulting in a significant reduction in the advertising spending of these sectors could further adversely affect the Company’s advertising revenues or its ability to maintain or increase such revenues.
 
Declines in the global economy contributed to reduced advertising expenditures in 2008 and 2009, and, if economic conditions do not improve, advertising expenditures could decline or remain at reduced levels. There is also a risk that print advertising may not rebound when economic conditions improve, or it may take several years for such a rebound to occur.
 
The Company also faces risks associated with the impact of economic and market conditions on third parties, such as suppliers, retailers, film co-financing partners, insurers, lenders and other sources of financing and other parties with which it does business. If these parties file for protection under bankruptcy laws or otherwise experience negative effects on their businesses due to the market and economic conditions, it could negatively affect the Company’s business or operating results.
 
Time Warner is exposed to risks associated with disruption in the financial markets. U.S. and global credit and equity markets experienced significant disruption beginning in late 2008, making it difficult for many businesses to obtain financing on acceptable terms. In addition, equity markets experienced wide fluctuations in value. The Company is exposed to risks associated with disruptions in the financial markets, which can make it more difficult and more expensive to obtain financing. In addition, disruptions in the financial markets can adversely affect the Company’s lenders, insurers, customers and counterparties, including vendors, retailers and film co-financing partners. For instance, the inability of the Company’s counterparties to obtain financing on acceptable terms could impair their ability to perform under their agreements with the Company and lead to various negative effects on the Company, including fewer outlets for retail sales, business disruption, decreased revenues, increases in bad debt write-offs and, in the case of film co-financing partners, greater risk with respect to the performance of the Company’s films.


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Time Warner faces risks relating to doing business internationally that could adversely affect its business and operating results. Time Warner’s businesses operate and serve customers worldwide. There are risks inherent in doing business internationally, including:
 
  •     economic volatility and the global economic slowdown;
  •     currency exchange rate fluctuations and inflationary pressures;
  •     the requirements of local laws and customs relating to the publication and distribution of content and the display and sale of advertising;
  •     import or export restrictions and changes in trade regulations;
  •     difficulties in developing, staffing and managing a large number of foreign operations as a result of distance and language and cultural differences;
  •     issues related to occupational safety and adherence to diverse local labor laws and regulations;
  •     potentially adverse tax developments;
  •     longer payment cycles;
  •     political or social unrest;
  •     risks related to government regulation;
  •     the existence in some countries of statutory shareholder minority rights and restrictions on foreign direct ownership;
  •     the presence of corruption in certain countries; and
  •     higher than anticipated costs of entry.
 
One or more of these factors could harm the Company’s international operations and its business and operating results. In addition, the Company could be at a competitive disadvantage in the long term if its businesses are not able to strengthen their positions and capitalize on international opportunities in growth economies and media sectors. International expansion involves significant investments as well as risks associated with doing business abroad, and investments in some regions can take a long period to generate an adequate return and in some cases there may not be a developed or efficient legal system to protect foreign investment or intellectual property rights. In addition, if the Company expands into new international regions, some of its businesses will have only limited experience in operating and marketing their products and services in such regions and could be at a disadvantage compared to competitors with more experience, particularly diversified media companies that are well established in some developing nations, and the Company’s strategies for growth may not be successful.
 
The Company’s businesses operate in highly competitive industries. Competition faced by the businesses in the Company’s Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments is intense and comes from many different sources, and the ability of these businesses to compete successfully depends on many factors, including their ability to provide high-quality, popular entertainment product, adapt to new technologies and distribution platforms and achieve widespread distribution. There has been consolidation in the media industry, and the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments’ competitors include industry participants with interests in other multiple media businesses that are often vertically integrated. Such vertical integration could have various negative effects on the competitive position of the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments. For example, vertical integration of television networks and television and film production or distribution companies could adversely affect the Networks segment if it hinders the ability of the Networks segment to obtain programming for its networks. In addition, if purchasers of programming increasingly purchase their programming from production companies with which they are affiliated, such vertical integration could have a negative effect on the Filmed Entertainment segment’s licensing revenues and the revenues generated by Home Box Office from the licensing of its original programming in syndication and to basic cable networks. There can be no assurance that the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments will be able to compete successfully in the future against existing or potential competitors or that competition will not have an adverse effect on their businesses or results of operations.
 
The Company’s Publishing segment faces significant competition from several direct competitors and other media, including the Internet. Moreover, additional competitors may enter the website publishing business and further intensify competition, which could have an adverse impact on the segment’s revenues. Competition for print advertising expenditures has intensified in recent years as advertising spending has increasingly shifted from traditional to digital media, and this competition has intensified even further due to difficult economic conditions. There can be no assurance that the Publishing segment will be able to compete successfully in the future against


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existing or potential competitors or that competition will not have an adverse effect on its business or results of operations.
 
The Company faces risks relating to competition for the leisure and entertainment time of consumers, which has intensified in part due to advances in technology and changes in consumer behavior. The Company’s businesses are subject to risks relating to increasing competition for the leisure and entertainment time of consumers and this competition may intensify further during economic downturns. The Company’s businesses compete with each other and all other sources of entertainment, news and other information, including broadcast television, films, the Internet, home video products, interactive videogames, sports, print media, live events and radio broadcasts. Technological advancements, such as video-on-demand, new video formats and Internet streaming and downloading, have increased the number of media and entertainment choices available to consumers and intensified the challenges posed by audience fragmentation. The increasing number of choices available to consumers could negatively affect not only consumer demand for the Company’s products and services, but also advertisers’ willingness to purchase advertising from the Company’s businesses. If the Company does not respond appropriately to further increases in the leisure and entertainment choices available to consumers, the Company’s competitive position could deteriorate, and its financial results could suffer.
 
The popularity of the Company’s content and other factors are difficult to predict and could lead to fluctuations in the Company’s revenues, and low public acceptance of the Company’s content may adversely affect its results of operations. The production and distribution of television programming, films, interactive videogames, magazines and other content are inherently risky businesses largely because the revenues derived from the production and distribution of such content, as well as the licensing of rights to the intellectual property associated with such content, depend primarily on its acceptance by the public, which is difficult to predict. Public acceptance of new, original television programming and new theatrical films and interactive videogames that are not part of a franchise is particularly difficult to predict, which heightens the risks associated with such content. In addition, due to the decline in the sales of DVDs, the success of a theatrical film is much more dependent on public acceptance at the box office. The commercial success of a television program, film, interactive videogame, magazine or other content also depends on the quality and acceptance of other competing content available or released at or near the same time, the adequacy of efforts to limit piracy, particularly of films still in theatrical distribution, the availability of alternate forms of entertainment and leisure time activities, the ability to develop strong brand awareness and target key audience demographics and anticipate and adapt to changes in consumer tastes and behavior on a timely basis, general economic conditions and other tangible and intangible factors, many of which are difficult to predict. In addition, in the case of the Turner Networks, the popularity of their syndicated and original programming is a factor that is weighed when determining their advertising rates, and, as a result, poor ratings in targeted demographics can lead to a reduction in pricing and advertiser demand.
 
Historically, there has been a correlation between a theatrical film’s domestic box office success and international box office success, as well as a correlation between box office success and success in subsequent distribution channels. Consequently, the underperformance of a film, particularly an “event” film (which typically has high production and marketing costs) or a film that is part of a franchise, can have an adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations in both the year of release and in the future, and may adversely affect revenues from other distribution channels, such as home entertainment and pay television programming services, and sales of interactive videogames and licensed consumer products based on such film.
 
Sales of DVDs have been declining, which may adversely affect the Company’s growth prospects and results of operations. Several factors, including weak economic conditions, the maturation of the standard definition DVD format, piracy and intense competition for consumer discretionary spending and leisure time, are contributing to an industry-wide decline in DVD sales both domestically and internationally, which has had an adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations. DVD sales have also been adversely affected as subscription rental and discount rental kiosks, which generate significantly less revenue per transaction than DVD sales, have captured an increasing share of consumer transactions and consumer spending. DVD and Blu-ray Disc sales also may be negatively affected as consumers increasingly shift from consuming physical entertainment products to digital forms of entertainment. The media and entertainment industries face a challenge in managing the transition from physical to electronic formats in a manner that continues to support the current DVD and Blu-ray Disc business and their relationships with large retail customers and yet meets the growing consumer demand for delivery of entertainment


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content in a variety of electronic formats. There can be no assurance that DVD and Blu-ray Disc wholesale prices can be maintained at current levels, due to aggressive retail pricing and the consumer transition to digital and lower priced rental services.
 
Piracy of the Company’s content may decrease the revenues received from the exploitation of its content and adversely affect its business and profitability. The piracy of Time Warner’s brands, motion pictures, television programming, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, video content, interactive videogames and other intellectual property in the U.S. and internationally poses significant challenges to the Company’s businesses, particularly the Company’s Filmed Entertainment and Networks segments. Technological advances allowing the unauthorized dissemination of motion pictures, television programming and other content in unprotected digital formats, including via the Internet, increase the threat of piracy because they make it easier to create, transmit and distribute high quality unauthorized copies of content. The proliferation of unauthorized copies and piracy of the Company’s products or the products it licenses from third parties can have an adverse effect on its businesses and profitability because these products reduce the revenues that Time Warner potentially could receive from the legitimate sale and distribution of its content. Policing the unauthorized use of the Company’s contents and products is difficult and costly, and there can be no assurance that the Company’s efforts to enforce its rights and combat piracy will be successful in reducing piracy of the Company’s content and products.
 
Time Warner’s businesses may suffer if it cannot continue to license or enforce the intellectual property rights on which its businesses depend. The Company relies on patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws in the United States and similar laws in other countries, and licenses and other agreements with its employees, customers, suppliers and other parties, to establish and maintain its intellectual property rights in content, technology and products and services used in its various operations and to conduct its businesses. However, the Company’s intellectual property rights could be challenged or invalidated, or such intellectual property rights may not be sufficient to permit it to take advantage of current industry trends or otherwise to provide competitive advantages, which could result in costly redesign efforts, discontinuance of certain product and service offerings or other competitive harm. Further, the laws of certain countries do not protect Time Warner’s proprietary rights, or such laws may not be strictly enforced. Therefore, in certain jurisdictions the Company may be unable to protect its intellectual property adequately against unauthorized copying or use, which could adversely affect its competitive position. Also, because of the migration to digital technology and other technological changes in the industries in which the Company operates, the Company may need to use technologies developed or licensed by third parties in order to conduct its businesses, and if Time Warner is not able to obtain or to continue to obtain licenses from these third parties on reasonable terms, its businesses could be adversely affected. It is also possible that, in connection with a merger, sale or acquisition transaction, the Company may license its trademarks or service marks and associated goodwill to third parties, or the business of various segments could be subject to certain restrictions in connection with such trademarks or service marks and associated goodwill that were not in place prior to such a transaction.
 
The Company has been, and may be in the future, subject to claims of intellectual property infringement, which could have an adverse impact on the Company’s businesses or operating results due to a disruption in its business operations, the incurrence of significant costs and other factors. From time to time, the Company receives notices from others claiming that it infringes their intellectual property rights, and the number of intellectual property infringement claims could increase in the future. Increased infringement claims and lawsuits could require Time Warner to enter into royalty or licensing agreements on unfavorable terms, incur substantial monetary liability or be enjoined preliminarily or permanently from further use of the intellectual property in question. This could require Time Warner to change its business practices and limit its ability to compete effectively. Even if Time Warner believes that the claims are without merit, the claims can be time-consuming and costly to defend and divert management’s attention and resources away from its businesses. In addition, agreements entered into by the Company may require it to indemnify the other party for certain third-party intellectual property infringement claims, which could require the Company to expend sums to defend against or settle such claims or, potentially, to pay damages. If Time Warner is required to take any of these actions, it could have an adverse impact on the Company’s businesses or operating results. The use of new technologies to distribute content on the Internet, including through Internet sites providing social networking and user-generated content, could put some of the Company’s businesses at an increased risk of allegations of copyright or trademark infringement or legal liability, as


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well as cause them to incur significant technical, legal or other costs and limit their ability to provide competitive content, features or tools.
 
The Company’s businesses are subject to labor interruption. The Company and certain of its suppliers retain the services of writers, directors, actors, athletes, technicians, trade employees and others involved in the development and production of motion pictures, television programs and magazines who are covered by collective bargaining agreements. If the Company and its suppliers are unable to renew expiring collective bargaining agreements, it is possible that the affected unions could take actions in the form of strikes, work slowdowns or work stoppages. Such actions or the possibility of such actions could cause delays in the production or the release dates of the Company’s feature films, television programs and magazines, as well as result in higher costs either from such actions or less favorable terms of the applicable agreements on renewal.
 
The Company’s businesses rely heavily on network and information systems or other technology, and a disruption or failure of such networks, systems or technology as a result of computer viruses, misappropriation of data or other malfeasance, as well as outages, natural disasters, accidental releases of information or similar events, may disrupt the Company’s businesses and damage its reputation. Because network and information systems and other technologies are critical to many of Time Warner’s operating activities, network or information system shutdowns or service disruptions caused by events such as computer hacking, dissemination of computer viruses, worms and other destructive or disruptive software, denial of service attacks and other malicious activity, as well as power outages, natural disasters, impairments to satellite systems used to transmit programming, terrorist attacks and similar events, pose increasing risks. Such an event could have an adverse impact on the Company and its customers, including degradation of service, service disruption and damage to equipment and data. Significant incidents could result in a disruption of the Company’s operations, customer dissatisfaction, or a loss of customers or revenues. Furthermore, the operating activities of Time Warner’s various businesses could be subject to risks caused by misappropriation, misuse, leakage, falsification and accidental release or loss of information maintained in the information technology systems and networks of the Company and third party vendors, including personnel, customer and vendor data. The Company could be exposed to significant costs if such risks were to materialize, and such events could damage the reputation and credibility of Time Warner and its businesses and have a negative impact on its revenues. The Company also could be required to expend significant capital and other resources to remedy any such security breach or to repair or replace networks or information systems.
 
If the AOL Separation or the TWC Separation is determined to be taxable for income tax purposes, Time Warner and/or Time Warner’s stockholders who received shares of AOL or TWC in connection with the spin-offs could incur significant income tax liabilities. In connection with the AOL Separation, Time Warner received an opinion of counsel confirming that the AOL Separation will not result in the recognition, for U.S. Federal income tax purposes, of gain or loss to Time Warner or its stockholders, except to the extent of cash received in lieu of fractional shares. In connection with the TWC Separation, Time Warner received a private letter ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and opinions of counsel confirming that the TWC Separation should not result in the recognition, for U.S. Federal income tax purposes, of gain or loss to Time Warner or its stockholders, except to the extent of cash received in lieu of fractional shares. The IRS ruling and the opinions received in connection with these transactions were based on, among other things, certain facts, assumptions, representations and undertakings made by Time Warner and by AOL or TWC, as applicable. If any of these facts, assumptions, representations or undertakings is incorrect or not otherwise satisfied, Time Warner and its stockholders may not be able to rely on the relevant IRS ruling or opinion and could be subject to significant tax liabilities. Furthermore, opinions of counsel are not binding on the IRS or state or local tax authorities or the courts, and a tax authority or court could determine that the AOL Separation or the TWC Separation should be treated as a taxable transaction. Under the tax matters agreement that Time Warner entered into with AOL, Time Warner is entitled to indemnification from AOL for taxes resulting from the failure of the AOL Separation to qualify as tax-free (“AOL Transaction Taxes”) as a result of (i) certain actions or failures to act by AOL or (ii) the failure of certain representations made by AOL to be true. Similarly, under the tax matters agreement that Time Warner entered into with TWC, Time Warner is entitled to indemnification from TWC for taxes resulting from the failure of the TWC Separation to qualify as tax-free (“TWC Transaction Taxes” and, together with the AOL Transaction Taxes, the “Transaction Taxes”) as a result of (i) certain actions or failures to act by TWC or (ii) the failure of certain representations made by TWC to be true. However,


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under these tax matters agreements, if Transaction Taxes are incurred for any other reason, Time Warner would not be entitled to indemnification.
 
The Company’s businesses are subject to regulation in the U.S. and internationally, which could cause the Company to incur additional costs or liabilities or disrupt its business practices. The Company’s businesses are subject to a variety of U.S. and international laws and regulations. Cable networks in the United States are regulated by U.S. federal laws and regulations issued and administered by various federal agencies, including the FCC. Time Inc.’s magazine subscription and direct marketing activities are subject to regulation by the FTC and the states under general consumer protection statutes prohibiting unfair or deceptive acts or practices, and certain areas of marketing activity are also subject to specific federal statutes and rules. In addition, the rules of the Audit Bureau of Circulations govern Time Inc.’s magazine subscription activities. The Company’s digital properties and activities are subject to a variety of laws and regulations, including those relating to privacy, consumer protection, data retention and data protection, content regulation and the use of software that allows for audience targeting and tracking of performance metrics, among others.
 
The U.S. Congress, state legislatures and various regulatory bodies currently are considering, and may in the future adopt, new laws, regulations and policies regarding various matters that could, directly or indirectly, adversely affect the Company’s businesses. For example, in October 2009, the FCC initiated a rulemaking to adopt so-called “net neutrality” rules which would, in part, require Internet service providers to adhere to new nondiscrimination and transparency principles in managing their networks, but would allow reasonable measures to address, among other things, network congestion and unlawful transfers of content, such as copyrighted material subject to piracy. From time to time, there has been consideration of the extension of indecency rules applicable to over-the-air broadcasters to cable and satellite programming and stricter enforcement of existing laws and rules. Also, the FCC initiated a proceeding in 2008 to examine the use of product placement and integration in television programming and sought comment on whether to enhance its existing sponsorship identification disclosure rules, extend such rules to cable networks and expressly prohibit the use of paid product placement or integration in children’s media. Policymakers have also raised concerns about violence in various forms of content, including television programming, motion pictures and interactive videogames, and a renewed interest in children’s media issues, which are currently the subject of an FCC inquiry. The Obama administration is also expected to focus on combating childhood obesity through advocacy and other efforts in 2010, including an interagency task force developing a voluntary nutrition standard for food and beverage marketing aimed at children 2-17 years old. Policymakers have also expressed interest in exploring whether cable operators should offer “à la carte” programming to subscribers on a network-by-network basis or provide “family-friendly” tiers, and a number of cable operators have voluntarily agreed to offer family tiers. The FCC also is examining the manner in which some programming distributors package or bundle services sold to distributors, and the same conduct is at issue in industry-wide antitrust litigation pending in Federal court in Los Angeles, in which the plaintiffs seek to prohibit wholesale bundling practices prospectively. The unbundling or tiering of program services may reduce the distribution of certain cable networks, thereby creating the risk of reduced viewership and increased marketing expenses, and may affect the ability of Turner’s advertising-supported networks to compete for or attract the same level of advertising dollars. A number of states have proposed “Do Not Mail” legislation, similar to Federal “Do Not Call” legislation, which would allow consumers to register their names on a list and not receive direct mail. The Senate Commerce Committee is currently investigating offers of free trial memberships in discount buying clubs made to customers following a customer’s credit card purchase from a merchant. While the investigation does not involve magazines, potential outcomes, such as certain restrictions on the transfer of credit card information, could adversely affect the Publishing segment’s business.
 
The Company could incur substantial costs necessary to comply with new laws, regulations or policies or substantial penalties or other liabilities if it fails to comply with them. Compliance with new laws, regulations or policies also could cause the Company to change or limit its business practices in a manner that is adverse to its businesses. In addition, if there are changes in laws that provide protections that the Company relies on in conducting its business, it would subject the Company to greater risk of liability and could increase its costs of compliance or limit its ability to operate certain lines of business.


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RISKS RELATING TO TIME WARNER’S NETWORKS BUSINESS
 
The loss of affiliation agreements, or renewal on less favorable terms, could cause the revenues of the Networks segment to decline in any given period, and further consolidation of multichannel video programming distributors could adversely affect the segment. The Networks segment depends on affiliation agreements with cable system operators, satellite distribution services, telephone companies and other customers (known as affiliates) for the distribution of its networks and services, and there can be no assurance that these affiliation agreements will be renewed in the future on terms that are acceptable to the Networks segment. The renewal of such agreements on less favorable terms may adversely affect the segment’s results of operations. In addition, the loss of any one of these arrangements representing a significant number of subscribers or the loss of carriage on the most widely penetrated programming tiers could reduce the distribution of the segment’s programming, which may adversely affect its advertising and subscription revenues. The loss of favorable packaging, positioning, pricing or other marketing opportunities with any affiliate of the segment’s networks also could reduce subscription revenues. In addition, further consolidation among affiliates has provided them greater negotiating power, and increased vertical integration of such affiliates could adversely affect the segment’s ability to maintain or obtain distribution and/or marketing for its networks and services on commercially reasonable terms, or at all.
 
The inability of the Networks segment to license rights to popular programming could adversely affect the segment’s revenues. The Networks segment obtains a significant portion of its popular programming from third parties. For example, some of Turner’s most widely viewed programming, including sports programming, is made available based on programming rights of varying durations that it has negotiated with third parties, as well as other subsidiaries of the Company. Competition for popular programming is intense, and the businesses in the segment may be outbid by their competitors for the rights to new popular programming or in connection with the renewal of popular programming they currently license. In addition, renewal costs could substantially exceed the existing contract costs. Alternatively, third parties from which the segment obtains programming, such as professional sports teams or leagues, may create their own networks, which could reduce the amount of available content and further intensify competition for licensed programming.
 
Increases in the costs of programming licenses and other significant costs may adversely affect the gross margins of the Networks segment. The Networks segment licenses a significant amount of its programming, such as motion pictures, television series, and sports events, from movie studios, television production companies and sports organizations. For example, the Turner Networks have obtained the rights to produce and telecast significant sports events, such as NBA play-off games, Major League Baseball play-off games and a series of NASCAR races. If the level of demand for quality content exceeds the amount of quality content available, the networks may have to pay significantly higher licensing costs, which in turn will exert greater pressure on the segment to offset such increased costs with higher advertising and/or subscription revenues. There can be no assurance that the Networks segment will be able to renew existing or enter into additional license agreements for its programming and, if so, if it will be able to do so on terms that are similar to existing terms. There also can be no assurance that it will be able to obtain the rights to distribute the content it licenses over new distribution platforms on acceptable terms. If it is unable to obtain such extensions, renewals or agreements on acceptable terms, the gross margins of the Networks segment may be adversely affected.
 
The Networks segment produces programming, and it incurs costs for creative talent, including actors, writers and producers, as well as costs relating to development and marketing. The segment also incurs additional significant costs, such as production and newsgathering costs. The Networks segment’s failure to generate sufficient revenues to offset increases in the costs of creative talent or in development, marketing, production or newsgathering costs may lead to decreased profits at the Networks segment.
 
The maturity of the U.S. video services business, together with rising retail rates, distributors’ focus on selling alternative products and other factors, could adversely affect the future revenue growth of the Networks segment. The U.S. video services business generally is a mature business, which may have a negative impact on the ability of the Networks segment to achieve incremental growth in its advertising and subscription revenues. In addition, programming distributors may increase their resistance to wholesale programming price increases, and programming distributors are increasingly focused on selling services other than video, such as high-speed data and voice services. Also, consumers’ basic video service rates have continued to increase, which could cause consumers


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to cancel their video service subscriptions or reduce the number of services they subscribe to, and the risk of this occurring may be greater during economic slowdowns.
 
RISKS RELATING TO TIME WARNER’S FILMED ENTERTAINMENT BUSINESS
 
A decrease in demand for television product could adversely affect Warner Bros.’ revenues. Warner Bros. is a leading supplier of television programming. If there is a decrease in the demand for Warner Bros.’ television product, it could lead to the launch of fewer new television series and a reduction in the number of original programs ordered by the networks, the per-episode license fees generated by Warner Bros. in the near term and the syndication revenues generated by Warner Bros. in the future. Various factors may increase the risk of such a decrease in demand, including station group consolidation and vertical integration between station groups and broadcast networks, as well as the vertical integration of television production studios and broadcast networks, which can increase the networks’ reliance on their in-house or affiliated studios. In addition, the failure of ratings for the programming to meet expectations and the shift of viewers and advertisers away from network television to other entertainment and information outlets could adversely affect the amount and type (e.g., scripted drama) of original programming ordered by networks and the amount they are willing to pay for such programming. Local television stations may face loss of viewership and an accompanying loss of advertising revenues as viewers move to other entertainment outlets, which may negatively affect the segment’s ability to obtain the per-episode license fees in syndication that it has received in the past. Finally, the increasing popularity of local television content in international markets also could result in decreased demand, fewer available broadcast slots, and lower licensing and syndication revenues for U.S. television content.
 
If the costs of producing and marketing feature films increase in the future, it may be more difficult for a film to generate a profit. The production and marketing of feature films require substantial capital. In recent years, the costs of producing feature films have generally increased. If production and marketing costs increase in the future, it may make it more difficult for the segment’s films to generate a profit. Such increases also create a greater need for the Filmed Entertainment segment to generate revenues internationally or from other media, such as home entertainment, television and new media.
 
Changes in estimates of future revenues from feature films could result in the write-off or the acceleration of the amortization of film production costs. The Filmed Entertainment segment is required to amortize capitalized film production costs over the expected revenue streams as it recognizes revenues from the associated films. The amount of film production costs that will be amortized each quarter depends on how much future revenue the segment expects to receive from each film. Unamortized film production costs are evaluated for impairment each reporting period on a film-by-film basis. If estimated remaining revenue is not sufficient to recover the unamortized film production costs plus expected but unincurred marketing costs, the unamortized film production costs will be written down to fair value. In any given quarter, if the segment lowers its forecast with respect to total anticipated revenue from any individual feature film, it would be required to accelerate amortization of related film costs. Such a write-down or accelerated amortization could adversely affect the operating results of the Filmed Entertainment segment.
 
RISKS RELATING TO TIME WARNER’S PUBLISHING BUSINESS
 
The Publishing segment could face increased costs and business disruption resulting from instability in the wholesaler distribution channel. The Publishing segment operates a national distribution business that relies on wholesalers to distribute its magazines to newsstands and other retail outlets. A small number of wholesalers are responsible for a substantial percentage of the wholesale magazine distribution business in the U.S. In 2008 and 2009, there was significantly increased instability in the wholesaler channel that led to one major wholesaler leaving the business and to certain disruptions to magazine distribution. There is the possibility of further consolidation among these major wholesalers and insolvency of or non-payment by one or more of these wholesalers, especially in light of the economic climate and its impact on retailers. Distribution channel disruptions can temporarily impede the Publishing segment’s ability to distribute magazines to the retail marketplace, which could, among other things, negatively affect the ability of certain magazines to meet the rate base established with advertisers. Continued


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disruption in the wholesaler channel, an increase in wholesaler costs or the failure of wholesalers to pay amounts due could adversely affect the Publishing segment’s operating income or cash flow.
 
Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments.
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 2.  Properties.
 
Time Warner’s headquarters are located in New York City at One Time Warner Center. The Company also owns or leases offices, studios, production and warehouse spaces, satellite transmission facilities and data centers in numerous locations in the United States and around the world for its businesses. The Company considers its properties adequate for its present needs. The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 2009 with respect to the Company’s principal properties:
 
             
        Approximate Square
  Type of Ownership;
Location
 
Principal Use
 
Feet Floor Space
 
Expiration Date of Lease
 
New York, NY
One Time Warner Center
  Executive and administrative offices, studio and technical space (Corporate HQ and Turner)   1,007,500   Owned and occupied by the Company. Approx. 130,000 sq. ft. is leased to an outside tenant.
New York, NY
75 Rockefeller Plaza Rockefeller Center
  Sublet to outside tenants by Corporate   582,400   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2014. Entire building is sublet to outside tenants by the Company.
Hong Kong
979 King’s Rd.
Oxford House
  Executive and administrative offices (Corporate, Turner and Warner Bros.)   154,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2012.
Atlanta, GA
One CNN Center
  Executive and administrative offices, studios, technical space and retail (Turner)   1,280,000   Owned by the Company. Approx. 48,000 sq. ft. is leased to outside tenants.
Atlanta, GA
1050 Techwood Dr. 
  Business offices and studios (Turner)   1,170,000   Owned and occupied by the Company.
New York, NY
600 Third Ave.
  Executive and administrative offices, studios and technical space (Turner)   140,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2010.
London, England
16 Great Marlborough St. Turner House
  Executive and administrative offices (Turner)   100,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2014.
Buenos Aires, Argentina
599 & 533 Defensa St. 
  Executive and administrative offices, studios and technical space (Turner)   113,000   Owned and occupied by the Company.
Washington DC
820 First St. 
  Executive and administrative offices, studios and technical space (Turner)   84,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2020.
Los Angeles, CA
6430 Sunset Blvd. 
  Executive and administrative offices, studios and technical space (Turner)   37,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2022.
New York, NY
1100 and 1114 Ave.
of the Americas
  Executive and business offices (HBO)   673,100   Leased by the Company under two leases expiring in 2018. Approx. 24,200 sq. ft. is sublet to outside tenants.
New York, NY
120A East 23rd Street
  Administrative offices, production studios and technical space (HBO)   81,100   Leased by the Company under two leases expiring in 2018.


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        Approximate Square
  Type of Ownership;
Location
 
Principal Use
 
Feet Floor Space
 
Expiration Date of Lease
 
Hauppauge, NY
300 New Highway
  Communications center and production facility (HBO)   60,000   Owned by the Company.
Burbank, CA
3400 Riverside Dr. 
  Executive and administrative offices (Warner Bros.)   421,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2019.
Burbank, CA
The Warner Bros.
Studio
  Sound stages, administrative, technical and dressing room structures, screening theaters, machinery and equipment facilities, back lot and parking lot/structures and other Burbank properties (Warner Bros.)   4,677,000(a)   Owned and occupied by the Company.
Leavesden, UK
Leavesden Studios
  Sound stages, administrative, technical and dressing room structures, machinery and equipment facilities, back lot and parking lots (Warner Bros.)   477,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2010.(b)
Burbank, CA
3300 W. Olive Ave.
  Executive and administrative offices (Warner Bros.)   231,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2021.
London, England
98 Theobald Rd.
  Executive and administrative offices (Warner Bros.)   133,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2014.
New York, NY
Time & Life Bldg. Rockefeller Center
  Executive, business and editorial offices (Time Inc.)   2,200,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2017. Approx. 186,000 sq. ft. is sublet to outside tenants. Additional sublease of 122,000 is pending landlord approval.
London, England
Blue Fin Building
110 Southwark St. 
  Executive and administrative offices (Time Inc.)   499,000   Owned by the Company. Approx. 131,000 sq. ft. is leased to outside tenants.
Birmingham, AL
2100 Lakeshore Dr. 
  Executive and administrative offices (Time Inc.)   398,000   Owned and occupied by the Company.
New York, NY
135 West 50th Street
  Business and editorial offices (Time Inc.)   240,000   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2017. Approximately 547 sq. ft. is sublet to an outside tenant.
Parsippany, NJ
260 Cherry Hill Road
  Business offices (Corporate and Time Inc.)   132,000   Owned by the Company.
Tampa, Fl
One North Dale Mabry
Hwy.
  Business offices (Time Inc.)   69,900   Leased by the Company. Lease expires in 2020.
 
 
(a) Represents 4,677,000 sq. ft. of improved space on 158 acres. Ten acres consist of various parcels adjoining The Warner Bros. Studio, with mixed commercial and office uses.
(b) In January 2010, Warner Bros. Entertainment began a process to acquire the production facilities at Leavesden Studios. There can be no assurance as to when or if the approval process will be completed.

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Item 3.  Legal Proceedings.
 
Warner Bros. (South) Inc. (“WBS”), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, is litigating various tax cases in Brazil. WBS currently is the theatrical distribution licensee for Warner Bros. Entertainment Nederlands (“Warner Bros. Nederlands”) in Brazil and acts as a service provider to the Warner Bros. Nederlands home video licensee. All of the ongoing tax litigation involves WBS’ distribution activities prior to January 2004, when WBS conducted both theatrical and home video distribution. Much of the tax litigation stems from WBS’ position that in distributing videos to rental retailers, it was conducting a distribution service, subject to a municipal service tax, and not the “industrialization” or sale of videos, subject to Brazilian federal and state VAT-like taxes. Both the federal tax authorities and the State of São Paulo, where WBS is based, have challenged this position. The matters relating to state taxes were settled in September 2007 pursuant to a state government-sponsored amnesty program. In November 2009, WBS elected to participate in a federal tax amnesty program, called “REFIS”, which offers substantial reductions in interest and penalties for lump sum and installment payments of contested federal taxes. For the federal taxes included in REFIS, the application of prior judicial deposits to certain of the debts, the return of any excess judicial deposits, the return of a bank guarantee, and the dismissal of the underlying tax cases remain pending. In addition to the federal tax matters being resolved through REFIS, WBS continues to litigate certain other federal tax matters involving the imposition of taxes on royalties remitted outside of Brazil and the appropriate tax rate to be applied. The Company intends to defend against these remaining tax cases vigorously.
 
On October 8, 2004, certain heirs of Jerome Siegel, one of the creators of the “Superman” character, filed suit against the Company, DC Comics and Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. Plaintiffs’ complaint seeks an accounting and demands up to one-half of the profits made on Superman since the alleged April 16, 1999 termination by plaintiffs of Siegel’s grants of one-half of the rights to the Superman character to DC Comics’ predecessor-in-interest. Plaintiffs have also asserted various Lanham Act and unfair competition claims, alleging “wasting” of the Superman property by DC Comics and failure to accord credit to Siegel, and the Company has filed counterclaims. On April 30, 2007, the Company filed motions for partial summary judgment on various issues, including the unavailability of accounting for pre-termination and foreign works. On March 26, 2008, the court entered an order of summary judgment finding, among other things, that plaintiffs’ notices of termination were valid and that plaintiffs had thereby recaptured, as of April 16, 1999, their rights to a one-half interest in the Superman story material, as first published, but that the accounting for profits would not include profits attributable to foreign exploitation, republication of pre-termination works and trademark exploitation. On October 6, 2008, the court dismissed plaintiffs’ Lanham Act and “wasting” claims with prejudice. In orders issued on October 14, 2008, the court determined that the remaining claims in the case will be subject to phased non-jury trials. The first phase trial concluded on May 21, 2009, and on July 8, 2009, the court issued a decision in favor of the defendants on the issue of whether the terms of various license agreements between DC Comics and Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. were at fair market value or constituted “sweetheart deals.” The second phase trial was previously scheduled to commence on December 1, 2009, and the parties are awaiting a new date for the commencement of this trial. The Company intends to defend against this lawsuit vigorously.
 
On October 22, 2004, the same Siegel heirs filed a second lawsuit against the same defendants, as well as Warner Communications Inc. and Warner Bros. Television Production Inc. in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. Plaintiffs claim that Jerome Siegel was the sole creator of the character Superboy and, as such, DC Comics has had no right to create new Superboy works since the alleged October 17, 2004 termination by plaintiffs of Siegel’s grants of rights to the Superboy character to DC Comics’ predecessor-in-interest. This lawsuit seeks a declaration regarding the validity of the alleged termination and an injunction against future use of the Superboy character. On March 23, 2006, the court granted plaintiffs’ motion for partial summary judgment on termination, denied the Company’s motion for summary judgment and held that further proceedings are necessary to determine whether the Company’s Smallville television series may infringe on plaintiffs’ rights to the Superboy character. On July 27, 2007, upon the Company’s motion for reconsideration, the court reversed the bulk of its March 23, 2006 ruling, and requested additional briefing on certain issues. On March 31, 2008, the court, among other things, denied a motion for partial summary judgment that the Company had filed in April 2007 as moot in view of the court’s July 27, 2007 reconsideration ruling. The Company intends to defend against this lawsuit vigorously.


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On February 11, 2008, trustees of the Tolkien Trust and the J.R.R. Tolkien 1967 Discretionary Settlement Trust, as well as HarperCollins Publishers, Ltd. and two related publishing entities, sued New Line Cinema Corporation (“NLC Corp.”), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, and Katja Motion Picture Corp. (“Katja”), a wholly owned subsidiary of NLC Corp., and other unnamed defendants in Los Angeles Superior Court. The complaint alleged that defendants breached contracts relating to three motion pictures: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring; The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers; and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (collectively, the “Trilogy”) by, among other things, failing to make full payment to plaintiffs for their participation in the Trilogy’s gross receipts. The suit also sought declarations as to the meaning of several provisions of the relevant agreements, including a declaration that would terminate defendants’ future rights to other motion pictures based on J.R.R. Tolkien’s works, including The Hobbit. In addition, the complaint set forth related claims of breach of fiduciary duty, fraud and for reformation, an accounting and imposition of a constructive trust. Plaintiffs sought compensatory damages in excess of $150 million, unspecified punitive damages, and other relief. In September 2009, the parties agreed to a binding term sheet, subject to definitive documentation, to resolve this matter. In accounting for the settlement, the Company allocated amounts based on its best estimate of the fair value of the rights and the claims that are the subject of the binding term sheet. The Company allocated the majority of the settlement costs to the Trilogy, and these amounts were largely accrued, as participation expense, in prior periods in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations. The remaining costs were allocated to the Company’s contractual film rights to The Hobbit and were capitalized as part of film costs in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
 
On August 18, 2009, Redbox Automated Retail, LLC (“Redbox”) filed suit against Warner Home Video (“WHV”), a division of Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Inc., in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware. The complaint alleges violations of Section 1 of the Sherman Antitrust Act, copyright misuse, and a claim for tortious interference with contractual relations, all in connection with WHV’s unilateral announcement of a planned change to the terms of distribution of its DVDs. WHV filed motions to dismiss the original and amended complaints in October and December of 2009, respectively. On February 16, 2010, WHV and Redbox announced a new distribution agreement that will make Warner Bros. new release DVD and Blu-ray Disc titles available to Redbox after a 28-day window. The new agreement will run through January 31, 2012. Also on February 16, 2010, Redbox dismissed, with prejudice, its lawsuit against WHV.
 
On September 9, 2009, several music labels filed a complaint, and on October 9, 2009 filed an amended complaint, in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee against the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., Telepictures Productions Inc., and WAD Productions Inc., among other named defendants. Plaintiffs allege that defendants made unauthorized use of certain sound recordings on The Ellen DeGeneres Show, in violation of the federal Copyright Act and the Tennessee Consumer Protection Act. Plaintiffs seek unspecified monetary damages. On November 25, 2009, defendants filed motions to transfer the case to the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. In January 2010, the Company and its subsidiaries reached an agreement with Sony Music Entertainment (“Sony”) to resolve Sony’s asserted claims on terms that are not material to the Company. The Company intends to defend against the claims by the remaining plaintiffs in the lawsuit vigorously.
 
On September 20, 2007, Brantley, et al. v. NBC Universal, Inc., et al. was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against the Company. The complaint, which also named as defendants several other programming content providers (collectively, the “programmer defendants”) as well as cable and satellite providers (collectively, the “distributor defendants”), alleged violations of Sections 1 and 2 of the Sherman Antitrust Act. Among other things, the complaint alleged coordination between and among the programmer defendants to sell and/or license programming on a “bundled” basis to the distributor defendants, who in turn purportedly offer that programming to subscribers in packaged tiers, rather than on a per channel (or “à la carte”) basis. Plaintiffs, who seek to represent a purported nationwide class of cable and satellite subscribers, demand, among other things, unspecified treble monetary damages and an injunction to compel the offering of channels to subscribers on an “à la carte” basis. On December 3, 2007, plaintiffs filed an amended complaint in this action (the “First Amended Complaint”) that, among other things, dropped the Section 2 claims and all allegations of horizontal coordination. The defendants, including the Company, filed motions to dismiss the First Amended Complaint and these motions were granted, with leave to amend. On March 20, 2008, plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint (the “Second


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Amended Complaint”) that modified certain aspects of the First Amended Complaint. On April 22, 2008, the defendants, including the Company, filed motions to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint, which motions were denied. On July 14, 2008, the defendants filed motions requesting the court to certify its order for interlocutory appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which motions were denied. On November 14, 2008, the Company was dismissed as a programmer defendant, and Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. was substituted in its place. On May 1, 2009, by stipulation of the parties, plaintiffs filed a third amended complaint (the “Third Amended Complaint”) and a related motion to adjudicate an element of plaintiffs’ claim. On June 12, 2009, all defendants opposed that motion and moved to dismiss the Third Amended Complaint. On the same date, the distributor defendants also filed a motion to dismiss for lack of standing. In an order dated October 15, 2009, the court denied plaintiffs’ motion and granted defendants’ motion, dismissing the Third Amended Complaint with prejudice. On October 30, 2009, plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The Company intends to defend against this lawsuit vigorously.
 
On April 4, 2007, the National Labor Relations Board (“NLRB”) issued a complaint against CNN America Inc. (“CNN America”) and Team Video Services, LLC (“Team Video”). This administrative proceeding relates to CNN America’s December 2003 and January 2004 terminations of its contractual relationships with Team Video, under which Team Video had provided electronic newsgathering services in Washington, DC and New York, NY. The National Association of Broadcast Employees and Technicians, under which Team Video’s employees were unionized, initially filed charges of unfair labor practices with the NLRB in February 2004, alleging that CNN America and Team Video were joint employers, that CNN America was a successor employer to Team Video, and/or that CNN America discriminated in its hiring practices to avoid becoming a successor employer or due to specific individuals’ union affiliation or activities. The NLRB investigated the charges and issued the above-noted complaint. The complaint seeks, among other things, the reinstatement of certain union members and monetary damages. A hearing in the matter before an NLRB Administrative Law Judge began on December 3, 2007 and ended on July 21, 2008. On November 19, 2008, the Administrative Law Judge issued a non-binding recommended decision finding CNN America liable. On February 17, 2009, CNN America filed exceptions to this decision with the NLRB. The Company intends to defend against this matter vigorously.
 
On June 6, 2005, David McDavid and certain related entities (collectively, “McDavid”) filed a complaint against Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (“Turner”) and the Company in Georgia state court. The complaint asserted, among other things, claims for breach of contract, breach of fiduciary duty, promissory estoppel and fraud relating to an alleged oral agreement between plaintiffs and Turner for the sale of the Atlanta Hawks and Thrashers sports franchises and certain operating rights to the Philips Arena. On August 20, 2008, the court issued an order dismissing all claims against the Company. The court also dismissed certain claims against Turner for breach of an alleged oral exclusivity agreement, for promissory estoppel based on the alleged exclusivity agreement and for breach of fiduciary duty. A trial as to the remaining claims against Turner commenced on October 8, 2008 and concluded on December 2, 2008. On December 9, 2008, the jury announced its verdict in favor of McDavid on the breach of contract and promissory estoppel claims, awarding damages on those claims of $281 million and $35 million, respectively. Pursuant to the court’s direction that McDavid choose one of the two claim awards, McDavid elected the $281 million award. The jury found in favor of Turner on the two remaining claims of fraud and breach of confidential information. On January 12, 2009, Turner filed a motion to overturn the jury verdict or, in the alternative, for a new trial, and, on April 22, 2009, the court denied the motion. On April 23, 2009, Turner filed a notice of appeal to the Georgia Court of Appeals and on June 15, 2009 posted a $25 million letter of credit as security pending appeal. Oral argument was held before the court on November 17, 2009. The Company has a reserve established for this matter at December 31, 2009 of approximately $302 million (including interest accrued through such date), although it intends to defend against this lawsuit vigorously.
 
On March 10, 2009, Anderson News L.L.C. and Anderson Services L.L.C. (collectively, “Anderson News”) filed an antitrust lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York against several magazine publishers, distributors and wholesalers, including Time Inc. and one of its subsidiaries, Time/Warner Retail Sales & Marketing, Inc. Plaintiffs allege that defendants violated Section 1 of the Sherman Antitrust Act by engaging in an antitrust conspiracy against Anderson News, as well as other related state law claims. Plaintiffs are seeking unspecified monetary damages. On December 14, 2009, defendants filed motions to dismiss the complaint. The Company intends to defend against this lawsuit vigorously.


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On January 17, 2002, former AOL Community Leader volunteers filed a class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York against the Company, AOL and AOL Community, Inc. under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. The complaint was later amended to name the Administrative Committees of the Company and AOL. While the Company has reported on this case in its previous periodic reports and still intends to defend against this lawsuit vigorously, following the separation of AOL from the Company in December 2009, the Company does not view the remaining claims brought against the Company or its Administrative Committee to be material. As a result, the Company does not intend to include disclosure regarding this matter in its future periodic reports.
 
From time to time, the Company receives notices from third parties claiming that it infringes their intellectual property rights. Claims of intellectual property infringement could require Time Warner to enter into royalty or licensing agreements on unfavorable terms, incur substantial monetary liability or be enjoined preliminarily or permanently from further use of the intellectual property in question. In addition, certain agreements entered into by the Company may require the Company to indemnify the other party for certain third-party intellectual property infringement claims, which could increase the Company’s damages and its costs of defending against such claims. Even if the claims are without merit, defending against the claims can be time-consuming and costly.
 
The costs and other effects of pending or future litigation, governmental investigations, legal and administrative cases and proceedings (whether civil or criminal), settlements, judgments and investigations, claims and changes in those matters (including those matters described above), and developments or assertions by or against the Company relating to intellectual property rights and intellectual property licenses, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and operating results.


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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE COMPANY
 
Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the information regarding the Company’s executive officers required by Item 401(b) of Regulation S-K is hereby included in Part I of this report.
 
The following table sets forth the name of each executive officer of the Company, the office held by such officer and the age of such officer as of February 15, 2010.
 
             
Name
 
Age
 
Office
 
Jeffrey L. Bewkes
    57     Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Edward I. Adler
    56     Executive Vice President, Corporate Communications
Paul T. Cappuccio
    48     Executive Vice President and General Counsel
Patricia Fili-Krushel
    56     Executive Vice President, Administration
John K. Martin, Jr. 
    42     Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Carol A. Melton
    55     Executive Vice President, Global Public Policy
Olaf Olafsson
    47     Executive Vice President
 
Set forth below are the principal positions held by each of the executive officers named above:
 
Mr. Bewkes Chairman and Chief Executive Officer since January 1, 2009; prior to that, Mr. Bewkes served as President and Chief Executive Officer from January 1, 2008 and President and Chief Operating Officer from January 1, 2006. Director since January 25, 2007. Prior to January 1, 2006, Mr. Bewkes served as Chairman, Entertainment & Networks Group from July 2002 and, prior to that, Mr. Bewkes served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Home Box Office division from May 1995, having served as President and Chief Operating Officer from 1991.
 
Mr. Adler Executive Vice President, Corporate Communications since January 2004; prior to that, Mr. Adler served as Senior Vice President, Corporate Communications from January 2000, having served as Vice President, Corporate Communications since 1997.
 
Mr. Cappuccio Executive Vice President and General Counsel since January 2001; prior to that, he served as Senior Vice President and General Counsel of AOL from August 1999. From 1993 to 1999, Mr. Cappuccio was a partner at the Washington, D.C. office of the law firm of Kirkland & Ellis. Mr. Cappuccio was an Associate Deputy Attorney General at the U.S. Department of Justice from 1991 to 1993.
 
Ms. Fili-Krushel Executive Vice President, Administration since July 2001; prior to that, she was Chief Executive Officer of the WebMD Health division of WebMD Corporation from April 2000 to July 2001 and President of ABC Television Network from July 1998 to April 2000. Prior to that, she was President, ABC Daytime from 1993 to 1998.
 
Mr. Martin Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since January 2008; prior to that, he was Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of TWC since August 2005. Mr. Martin joined TWC from Time Warner where he had served as Senior Vice President of Investor Relations from May 2004 and Vice President from March 2002 to May 2004. Prior to that, Mr. Martin was Director in the Equity Research group of ABN AMRO Securities LLC from 2000 to 2002, and Vice President of Investor Relations at Time Warner from 1999 to 2000. Mr. Martin first joined the Company in 1993 as a Manager of SEC financial reporting.


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Ms. Melton Executive Vice President, Global Public Policy since June 2005; prior to that, she worked for eight years at Viacom Inc., serving as Executive Vice President, Government Relations at the time she left to join Time Warner. Prior to that, Ms. Melton served as Vice President in Time Warner’s Public Policy Office until 1997, having joined the Company in 1987 as Washington Counsel to Warner Communications Inc.
 
Mr. Olafsson Executive Vice President since March 2003. During 2002, Mr. Olafsson pursued personal interests, including working on a novel that was published in the fall of 2003. Prior to that, he was Vice Chairman of Time Warner Digital Media from November 1999 through December 2001 and, prior to that, Mr. Olafsson served as President of Advanta Corp. from March of 1998 until November 1999.
 
PART II
 
Item 5. Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
The Company is a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware, and was formed on February 4, 2000 in connection with the Company’s January 2001 merger with AOL. The principal market for the Company’s Common Stock is the NYSE. For quarterly price information with respect to the Company’s Common Stock for the two years ended December 31, 2009, see “Quarterly Financial Information” at pages 152 through 153 herein, which information is incorporated herein by reference. The quarterly price information set forth therein reflects the 1-for-3 reverse stock split of the Company’s Common Stock that became effective at 7 p.m. on March 27, 2009 (the “Reverse Stock Split”). The number of holders of record of the Company’s Common Stock as of February 11, 2010 was approximately 37,176.
 
The Company paid a cash dividend of $0.1875 per share in each quarter of 2008 and 2009. This amount has been adjusted to reflect the Reverse Stock Split.
 
On February 2, 2010, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an increase in the quarterly cash dividend to $0.2125 per share and declared the next regular quarterly cash dividend to be paid on March 15, 2010 to stockholders of record on February 28, 2010. The Company currently expects to continue to pay comparable cash dividends in the future; however, changes in the Company’s dividend program will depend on the Company’s earnings, investment opportunities, capital requirements, financial condition, restrictions in any existing indebtedness, economic conditions and other factors considered relevant by the Company’s Board of Directors.


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Company Purchases of Equity Securities
 
The following table provides information about the Company’s purchases of equity securities registered by the Company pursuant to Section 12 of the Exchange Act during the quarter ended December 31, 2009.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
                                 
                Total Number of
    Approximate Dollar
 
                Shares Purchased as
    Value of Shares that
 
                Part of Publicly
    May Yet Be
 
    Total Number of
    Average Price
    Announced Plans or
    Purchased Under the
 
Period   Shares Purchased     Paid Per Share(1)     Programs(2)     Plans or Programs(3)  
 
October 1, 2009 -
October 31, 2009
    5,619,700     $  30.52       5,619,700     $  1,332,372,545  
November 1, 2009 - November 30, 2009
    3,965,618     $ 31.46       3,965,618     $ 1,207,631,556  
December 1, 2009 - December 31, 2009
    6,812,010     $ 29.76       6,812,010     $ 1,004,933,750  
                                 
Total
    16,397,328     $ 30.43       16,397,328          
 
 
(1) The calculation of the average price paid per share does not give effect to any fees, commissions or other costs associated with the repurchase of such shares or any adjustments to reflect the legal and structural separation of AOL from the Company on December 9, 2009.
(2) On August 1, 2007, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had authorized a stock repurchase program that allows Time Warner to repurchase, from time to time, up to $5 billion of Common Stock. At December 31, 2009, the Company had approximately $1 billion remaining under its stock repurchase program. On February 3, 2010, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had authorized an increase in this amount to $3 billion of Common Stock. Purchases under the stock repurchase program may be made, from time to time, on the open market and in privately negotiated transactions. The size and timing of these purchases will be based on a number of factors, including price and business and market conditions. In the past, the Company has repurchased shares of Common Stock pursuant to trading programs under Rule 10b5-1 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and it may repurchase shares of Common Stock under such trading programs in the future.
(3) This amount does not reflect the fees, commissions and other costs associated with the stock repurchase program and does not reflect the increase to the dollar value of shares that may be purchased under the program described in note 2 above.
 
Item 6.  Selected Financial Data.
 
The selected financial information of the Company for the five years ended December 31, 2009 is set forth at pages 150 through 151 herein and is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
The information set forth under the caption “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition” at pages 39 through 78 herein is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
 
The information set forth under the caption “Market Risk Management” at pages 75 through 77 herein is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
The consolidated financial statements and supplementary data of the Company and the report of independent registered public accounting firm thereon set forth at pages 79 through 146, 155 through 163 and 148 herein, respectively, are incorporated herein by reference.
 
Quarterly Financial Information set forth at pages 152 through 154 herein is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 9.  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
 
Not applicable.


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Item 9A.  Controls and Procedures.
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
The Company, under the supervision and with the participation of its management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s “disclosure controls and procedures” (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted by the Company under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that information required to be disclosed by the Company is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management to allow timely decisions regarding the required disclosure.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
Management’s report on internal control over financial reporting and the report of independent registered public accounting firm thereon set forth at pages 147 and 149 herein are incorporated herein by reference.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
During the quarter ended December 31, 2009, the Company’s Filmed Entertainment segment substantially completed the outsourcing of certain information technology processes and controls to two third-party service providers, which began during the quarter ended September 30, 2009. The outsourced processes and controls primarily included the programming and management of applications, databases, servers, and the segment’s information technology network. The Filmed Entertainment segment has implemented controls and monitoring procedures over the third-party service providers’ processes and controls. Except for the described outsourcing at the Filmed Entertainment segment, there have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2009 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.
 
Item 9B.  Other Information.
 
Not applicable.


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PART III
 
Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14.  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance; Executive Compensation; Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters; Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence; Principal Accounting Fees and Services.
 
Information called for by Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III is incorporated by reference from the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement to be filed in connection with its 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders pursuant to Regulation 14A, except that the information regarding the Company’s executive officers called for by Item 401(b) of Regulation S-K has been included in Part I of this Annual Report.
 
The Company has adopted a Code of Ethics for its Senior Executive and Senior Financial Officers. A copy of the Code is publicly available on the Company’s website at www.timewarner.com/corp/corp_governance/governance_conduct.html. Amendments to the Code or any grant of a waiver from a provision of the Code requiring disclosure under applicable SEC rules will also be disclosed on the Company’s website.
 
PART IV
 
Item 15.  Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedules.
 
(a)(1)-(2) Financial Statements and Schedules:
 
(i) The list of consolidated financial statements and schedules set forth in the accompanying Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Other Financial Information at page 38 herein is incorporated herein by reference. Such consolidated financial statements and schedules are filed as part of this Annual Report.
 
(ii) All other financial statement schedules are omitted because the required information is not applicable, or because the information required is included in the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto.
 
(3) Exhibits:
 
The exhibits listed on the accompanying Exhibit Index are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Annual Report and such Exhibit Index is incorporated herein by reference.


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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
TIME WARNER INC.
 
  By: 
/s/  John K. Martin, Jr.
  Name:  John K. Martin, Jr.
  Title:  Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer
 
Date: February 19, 2010
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
             
Signature
 
Title
 
Date
 
         
/s/  Jeffrey L. Bewkes

Jeffrey L. Bewkes
  Director, Chairman of the Board
and Chief Executive Officer
(principal executive officer)
  February 19, 2010
         
/s/  John K. Martin, Jr.

John K. Martin, Jr.
  Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer
(principal financial officer)
  February 19, 2010
         
/s/  Pascal Desroches

Pascal Desroches
  Sr. Vice President and Controller (principal accounting officer)   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  James L. Barksdale

James L. Barksdale
  Director   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  William P. Barr

William P. Barr
  Director   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  Stephen F. Bollenbach

Stephen F. Bollenbach
  Director   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  Frank J. Caufield

Frank J. Caufield
  Director   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  Robert C. Clark

Robert C. Clark
  Director   February 19, 2010


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Table of Contents

             
Signature
 
Title
 
Date
 
         
/s/  Mathias Döpfner

Mathias Döpfner
  Director   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  Jessica P. Einhorn

Jessica P. Einhorn
  Director   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  Fred Hassan

Fred Hassan
  Director   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  Michael A. Miles

Michael A. Miles
  Director   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  Kenneth J. Novack

Kenneth J. Novack
  Director   February 19, 2010
         
/s/  Deborah C. Wright

Deborah C. Wright
  Director   February 19, 2010


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TIME WARNER INC.
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
AND OTHER FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
         
    Page
 
    39  
Consolidated Financial Statements:
       
    79  
    80  
    81  
    82  
    83  
    147  
    148  
    150  
    152  
    155  
    164  


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Table of Contents

TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION
 
INTRODUCTION
 
Management’s discussion and analysis of results of operations and financial condition (“MD&A”) is a supplement to the accompanying consolidated financial statements and provides additional information on Time Warner Inc.’s (“Time Warner” or the “Company”) businesses, current developments, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations. MD&A is organized as follows:
 
  •     Overview.  This section provides a general description of Time Warner’s business segments, as well as recent developments the Company believes are important in understanding the results of operations and financial condition or in understanding anticipated future trends.
 
  •     Results of operations.  This section provides an analysis of the Company’s results of operations for the three years ended December 31, 2009. This analysis is presented on both a consolidated and a business segment basis. In addition, a brief description is provided of significant transactions and events that affect the comparability of the results being analyzed.
 
  •     Financial condition and liquidity.  This section provides an analysis of the Company’s cash flows for the three years ended December 31, 2009, as well as a discussion of the Company’s outstanding debt and commitments that existed as of December 31, 2009. Included in the analysis of outstanding debt is a discussion of the amount of financial capacity available to fund the Company’s future commitments, as well as a discussion of other financing arrangements.
 
  •     Market risk management.  This section discusses how the Company monitors and manages exposure to potential gains and losses arising from changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and changes in the market value of financial instruments.
 
  •     Critical accounting policies.  This section identifies those accounting principles that are considered important to the Company’s results of operations and financial condition, require significant judgment and require estimates on the part of management in application. All of the Company’s significant accounting policies, including those considered to be critical accounting policies, are summarized in Note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
  •     Caution concerning forward-looking statements.  This section provides a description of the use of forward-looking information appearing in this report, including in MD&A and the consolidated financial statements. Such information is based on management’s current expectations about future events, which are inherently susceptible to uncertainty and changes in circumstances. Refer to Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” in Part I of this report for a discussion of the risk factors applicable to the Company.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
OVERVIEW
 
Time Warner is a leading media and entertainment company, whose major businesses encompass an array of the most respected and successful media brands. Among the Company’s brands are HBO, TNT, CNN, People, Sports Illustrated and Time. The Company produces and distributes films through Warner Bros. and New Line Cinema, including Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover, The Blind Side and Sherlock Holmes, as well as television series, including Two and a Half Men, The Mentalist, The Big Bang Theory, Gossip Girl and The Closer. During 2009, the Company generated revenues of $25.785 billion (down 3% from $26.516 billion in 2008), Operating Income of $4.545 billion (compared to Operating Loss of $3.028 billion in 2008), Net Income attributable to Time Warner shareholders of $2.468 billion (compared to Net Loss attributable to Time Warner shareholders of $13.402 billion in 2008) and Cash Provided by Operations from Continuing Operations of $3.385 billion (down 17% from $4.064 billion in 2008). As discussed more fully in “Business Segment Results,” the year ended December 31, 2008 included asset impairments of $7.213 billion, primarily related to reductions in the carrying values of goodwill and identifiable intangible assets at the Company’s Publishing segment.
 
On March 12, 2009, the Company completed the legal and structural separation of Time Warner Cable Inc. (“TWC”) from the Company. In addition, on December 9, 2009, the Company completed the legal and structural separation of AOL Inc. (“AOL”) from the Company. With the completion of these separations, the Company disposed of its Cable and AOL segments in their entirety and ceased to consolidate their financial condition and results of operations in its consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, the Company has presented the financial condition and results of operations of its former Cable and AOL segments as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated financial statements for all periods presented.
 
Time Warner Businesses
 
Time Warner classifies its operations into three reportable segments: Networks, Filmed Entertainment and Publishing.
 
Time Warner evaluates the performance and operational strength of its business segments based on several factors, of which the primary financial measure is operating income before depreciation of tangible assets and amortization of intangible assets (“Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization”). Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization eliminates the uneven effects across all business segments of noncash depreciation of tangible assets and amortization of certain intangible assets, primarily intangible assets recognized in business combinations. Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization should be considered in addition to Operating Income, as well as other measures of financial performance. Accordingly, the discussion of the results of operations for each of Time Warner’s business segments includes both Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income. For additional information regarding Time Warner’s business segments, refer to Note 14, “Segment Information” to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Networks.  Time Warner’s Networks segment is comprised of Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (“Turner”) and Home Box Office, Inc. (“HBO”). In 2009, the Networks segment generated revenues of $11.703 billion (45% of the Company’s overall revenues), $3.967 billion in Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and $3.545 billion in Operating Income.
 
The Turner networks — including such recognized brands as TNT, TBS, CNN, Cartoon Network, truTV and HLN — are among the leaders in advertising-supported cable television networks. For eight consecutive years, more primetime households have watched advertising-supported cable television networks than the national broadcast networks. The Turner networks generate revenues principally from providing programming to cable system operators, satellite distribution services, telephone companies and other distributors (known as affiliates) that have contracted to receive and distribute this programming and from the sale of advertising. Key contributors to Turner’s success are its continued investments in high-quality, popular programming focused on sports, original and


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
syndicated series, news, network movie premieres and animation leading to strong ratings and revenue growth, as well as strong brands and operating efficiencies.
 
HBO operates the HBO and Cinemax multichannel premium pay television programming services, with the HBO service ranking as the nation’s most widely distributed premium pay television service. HBO generates revenues principally from providing programming to affiliates that have contracted to receive and distribute such programming to subscribers who are generally free to cancel their subscriptions at any time. An additional source of revenues for HBO is the sale of its original programming, including Sex and the City, True Blood, Entourage, The Sopranos and Rome.
 
The Company’s Networks segment has been pursuing international expansion in select areas. For example, in January 2010, HBO acquired the remainder of its partners’ interests in HBO Central Europe (“HBO CE”), and in December 2009, Turner entered into an agreement to acquire a majority stake in NDTV Imagine Limited, which owns a Hindi general entertainment channel in India, which is expected to close in the first quarter of 2010 and is subject to customary closing conditions, including the receipt of regulatory approvals. In addition, during the third quarter of 2009, Turner acquired Japan Image Communications Co., Ltd. (“JIC”), a Japanese pay television business. During the fourth quarter of 2008, HBO acquired additional equity interests in HBO Latin America Group, consisting of HBO Brasil, HBO Olé and HBO Latin America Production Services (collectively, “HBO LAG”). In recent years, Turner has also expanded its presence in Germany, Korea, Latin America, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates, and HBO has acquired additional equity interests in HBO Asia and HBO South Asia. JIC and HBO LAG together contributed revenues and Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization of $373 million and $106 million, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2009. The Company anticipates that international expansion will continue to be an area of focus at the Networks segment for the foreseeable future.
 
Filmed Entertainment.  Time Warner’s Filmed Entertainment segment is comprised of Warner Bros. Entertainment Group (“Warner Bros.”), one of the world’s leading studios, and its subsidiary, New Line Cinema LLC (“New Line”). In 2009, the Filmed Entertainment segment generated revenues of $11.066 billion (41% of the Company’s overall revenues), $1.447 billion in Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and $1.084 billion in Operating Income.
 
The Filmed Entertainment segment has diversified sources of revenues within its film and television businesses, including an extensive film library and a global distribution infrastructure, which have helped it to deliver consistent long-term operating performance. To increase operational efficiencies and maximize performance within the Filmed Entertainment segment, in 2008 the Company reorganized the New Line business to be operated as a unit of Warner Bros. while maintaining separate development, production and other operations. Beginning in the first quarter of 2009, Warner Bros. commenced a significant restructuring, primarily consisting of headcount reductions and the outsourcing of certain functions to an external service provider. As a result of these restructurings, the Filmed Entertainment segment incurred restructuring charges of $105 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, and expects to incur additional restructuring charges of approximately $10 million in the first quarter of 2010.
 
Warner Bros. continues to be an industry leader in the television business. During the 2009-2010 broadcast season, Warner Bros. is producing approximately 20 primetime series, with at least one series airing on each of the five broadcast networks (including Two and a Half Men, The Mentalist, The Big Bang Theory, Gossip Girl, Fringe, Chuck and The Bachelor), as well as original series for several cable networks (including The Closer and Nip/Tuck).
 
The growth in home video revenues, in particular revenues from DVD sales, has been one of the largest drivers of the segment’s profit over the last several years. The industry and the Company experienced a decline in home video revenues in 2009 and 2008 as a result of several factors, including the general economic downturn in the U.S. and many regions around the world, increasing competition for consumer discretionary time and spending, piracy and the maturation of the standard definition DVD format. During 2009, the decline in home video revenues was also affected by consumers shifting to subscription rental services and discount rental kiosks, which generate significantly less revenue per transaction than DVD sales. Partially offsetting the softening consumer demand for


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
standard definition DVDs and the shift to rental services was growing sales of high definition Blu-ray Discs and increased electronic delivery, which have higher gross margins than standard definition DVDs.
 
Piracy, including physical piracy as well as illegal online file-sharing, continues to be a significant issue for the filmed entertainment industry. Due to technological advances, piracy has expanded from music to movies, television programming and interactive video games. The Company seeks to limit the threat of piracy through a combination of approaches, including offering legitimate market alternatives, applying technical protection measures, pursuing legal sanctions for infringement, promoting appropriate legislative initiatives and enhancing public awareness of the meaning and value of intellectual property. The Company also works with various cross-industry groups and trade associations, as well as with strategic partners to develop and implement technological solutions to control digital piracy.
 
Publishing.  Time Warner’s Publishing segment consists principally of magazine publishing and related websites as well as a number of direct-marketing businesses. In 2009, the Publishing segment generated revenues of $3.736 billion (14% of the Company’s overall revenues), $419 million in Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and $246 million in Operating Income.
 
As of December 31, 2009, Time Inc. published 21 magazines in the U.S., including People, Sports Illustrated, Time, InStyle, Real Simple, Southern Living, Entertainment Weekly and Fortune, and over 90 magazines outside the U.S., primarily through IPC Media (“IPC”) in the U.K. and Grupo Editorial Expansión (“GEE”) in Mexico. The Publishing segment generates revenues primarily from advertising (including advertising on digital properties), magazine subscriptions and newsstand sales. Time Inc. also owns the magazine subscription marketer, Synapse Group, Inc. (“Synapse”), and the school and youth group fundraising company, QSP, Inc. and its Canadian affiliate, Quality Service Programs Inc. (collectively, “QSP”). Advertising sales at the Publishing segment, particularly print advertising sales, were significantly adversely affected by the economic environment during 2009. Online advertising sales at the Publishing segment have also been adversely affected by the current economic environment, although, on a percentage basis, to a lesser degree than print advertising sales. Time Inc. continues to develop digital content, including the relaunch of RealSimple.com and the expansion of People.com and Time.com, as well as the expansion of digital properties owned by IPC and GEE. For the year ended December 31, 2009, online Advertising revenues were 12% of Time Inc.’s total Advertising revenues compared to 10% for the year ended December 31, 2008. On July 16, 2009, Time Inc. completed the sale of its direct-selling division, Southern Living At Home.
 
In its ongoing effort to streamline operations and reduce its cost structure, the Publishing segment executed restructuring initiatives, primarily resulting in headcount reductions, in the fourth quarters of 2009 and 2008. For the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, restructuring costs, primarily consisting of severance costs, were $99 million and $176 million, respectively.
 
Recent Developments
 
Separations of TWC and AOL from Time Warner and Reverse Stock Split of Time Warner Common Stock
 
On March 12, 2009 (the “Distribution Record Date”), the Company disposed of all of its shares of TWC common stock and completed the legal and structural separation of TWC from Time Warner (the “TWC Separation”). In addition, on December 9, 2009, the Company disposed of all of its shares of AOL common stock and completed the legal and structural separation of AOL from Time Warner (the “AOL Separation”). With the completion of these separations, the Company disposed of its Cable and AOL segments in their entirety. Accordingly, the Company has presented the financial condition and results of operations of its former AOL and Cable segments as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated financial statements for all periods presented. See Notes 1 and 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
In connection with the TWC Separation, prior to the Distribution Record Date, on March 12, 2009, TWC paid a special cash dividend of $10.27 per share to all holders of TWC Class A common stock and TWC Class B common stock as of the close of business on March 11, 2009, which resulted in the receipt by Time Warner of $9.253 billion.
 
Also in connection with the TWC Separation, the Company implemented a 1-for-3 reverse stock split on March 27, 2009.
 
Common Stock Repurchase Program
 
On July 26, 2007, Time Warner’s Board of Directors authorized a common stock repurchase program that allows the Company to purchase up to an aggregate of $5 billion of common stock. Purchases under this stock repurchase program may be made from time to time on the open market and in privately negotiated transactions. The size and timing of these purchases are based on a number of factors, including price and business and market conditions. From the program’s inception through February 17, 2010, the Company repurchased approximately 102 million shares of common stock for approximately $4.2 billion, pursuant to trading programs under Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. This number included approximately 51 million shares of common stock purchased for approximately $1.4 billion in 2009 and 2010 (Note 9). As of December 31, 2009, the Company had approximately $1.0 billion remaining on its stock repurchase program. On January 28, 2010, Time Warner’s Board of Directors increased this amount to $3.0 billion.
 
HBO Central Europe Acquisition
 
On January 27, 2010, HBO purchased the remainder of its partners’ interests in the HBO CE joint venture for approximately $155 million in cash. HBO CE operates the HBO and Cinemax premium pay television programming services serving 11 territories in Central Europe. This transaction resulted in HBO owning 100% of the interests of HBO CE. Prior to this transaction, HBO owned 33% of the interests in HBO CE and accounted for this investment under the equity method of accounting. See Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
CME Investment
 
On May 18, 2009, the Company completed an investment in Central European Media Enterprises Ltd. (“CME”) in which the Company received a 31% economic interest for $246 million in cash. As of December 31, 2009, the Company was deemed to beneficially hold an approximate 36% voting interest. CME is a publicly-traded broadcasting company operating leading networks in seven Central and Eastern European countries. In connection with its investment, Time Warner agreed to allow CME founder and Non-Executive Chairman Ronald S. Lauder to vote Time Warner’s shares of CME for at least four years, subject to certain exceptions. The Company’s investment in CME is being accounted for under the cost method of accounting. See Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Changes in Basis of Presentation
 
As discussed more fully in Note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the 2008 and 2007 financial information has been recast so that the basis of presentation is consistent with that of the 2009 financial information. This recast reflects (i) the financial condition and results of operations of TWC and AOL as discontinued operations for all periods presented, (ii) the adoption of recent accounting guidance pertaining to noncontrolling interests, (iii) the adoption of recent accounting guidance pertaining to participating securities and (iv) the 1-for-3 reverse stock split of the Company’s common stock that became effective on March 27, 2009.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Recent Accounting Guidance
 
See Note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for a discussion of accounting guidance adopted in 2009 and recent accounting guidance not yet adopted.
 
Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability
 
As more fully described herein and in the related notes to the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the comparability of Time Warner’s results from continuing operations has been affected by significant transactions and certain other items in each period as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     2007  
          (recast)     (recast)  
 
Amounts related to securities litigation and government investigations, net
  $ (30 )   $ (21 )   $ (171 )
Asset impairments
    (85 )     (7,213 )     (34 )
Gain (loss) on sale of assets
    (33 )     (3 )     6  
                         
Impact on Operating Income
    (148 )     (7,237 )     (199 )
Investment gains (losses), net
    (21 )     (60 )     75  
Amounts related to the separation of TWC
    14       (11 )      
Costs related to the separation of AOL
    (15 )            
Share of equity investment gain on disposal of assets
          30        
                         
Pretax impact
    (170 )     (7,278 )     (124 )
Income tax impact of above items
    37       488       17  
Tax items related to TWC
    24       (9 )     6  
                         
After-tax impact
    (109 )     (6,799 )     (101 )
Noncontrolling interest impact
    5              
                         
Impact of items on income from continuing operations attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders
  $  (104 )   $  (6,799 )   $  (101 )
                         
 
In addition to the items affecting comparability above, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $212 million, $327 million and $114 million for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. For further discussions of restructuring costs, refer to the “Consolidated Results” and “Business Segment Results” discussions.
 
Amounts Related to Securities Litigation
 
The Company recognized legal reserves as well as legal and other professional fees related to the defense of various securities litigation totaling $30 million, $21 million and $180 million for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007 respectively. In addition, the Company recognized insurance recoveries of $9 million in 2007.
 
Asset Impairments
 
During the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recorded noncash impairments of $52 million at the Networks segment related to Turner’s interest in a general entertainment network in India and $33 million at the Publishing segment related to certain fixed assets in connection with the Publishing segment’s restructuring activities.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recorded noncash impairments related to goodwill and identifiable intangible assets of $7.139 billion at the Publishing segment. The Company also recorded noncash


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
impairments of $18 million related to GameTap, an online video game business, at the Networks segment and $30 million related to a sub-lease with a tenant that filed for bankruptcy in September 2008, $21 million related to Southern Living At Home and $5 million related to certain other asset write-offs at the Publishing segment.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company recorded a $34 million noncash impairment at the Networks segment related to the impairment of the Courtroom Television Network LLC (“Court TV”) tradename as a result of rebranding the Court TV network name to truTV.
 
Gain (Loss) on Sale of Assets
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recognized a $33 million loss on the sale of Warner Bros.’ Italian cinema assets.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recorded a $3 million loss on the sale of GameTap at the Networks segment.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company recorded a $6 million gain on the sale of four non-strategic magazine titles at the Publishing segment.
 
Investment Losses, Net
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recognized net investment losses of $21 million, including a $23 million impairment of the Company’s investment in Miditech Pvt. Limited, a programming production company in India, and $43 million of other miscellaneous investment losses, net, partially offset by a $28 million gain on the sale of the Company’s investment in TiVo Inc. and a $17 million gain on the sale of the Company’s investment in Eidos plc (formerly Sci Entertainment Group plc) (“Eidos”).
 
For the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recognized net investment losses of $60 million, including a $38 million impairment of the Company’s investment in Eidos, $12 million of other miscellaneous investment losses, net and $10 million of losses resulting from market fluctuations in equity derivative instruments.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company recognized net investment gains of $75 million, including a $100 million gain on the Company’s sale of its 50% interest in Bookspan, a $56 million gain on the sale of the Company’s investment in Oxygen Media Corporation, $47 million of other miscellaneous investment gains, net and $2 million of gains resulting from market fluctuations in equity derivative instruments, partially offset by a $73 million impairment of the Company’s investment in The CW and a $57 million impairment of the Company’s investment in Eidos.
 
Amounts Related to the Separation of TWC
 
The Company incurred pretax direct transaction costs (e.g., legal and professional fees) related to the separation of TWC of $6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 and $11 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, which have been reflected in other income (loss), net in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. In addition, for the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recognized $20 million of other income related to the increase in the estimated fair value of Time Warner equity awards held by TWC employees.
 
Costs Related to the Separation of AOL
 
During the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company incurred costs related to the separation of AOL of $15 million, which have been reflected in other income (loss), net in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. These costs related to the solicitation of consents from debt holders to amend the indentures governing certain of the Company’s debt securities for the year ended December 31, 2009. For additional information, refer to


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
“Financial Condition and Liquidity — Outstanding Debt and Other Financing Arrangements — Consent Solicitation.”
 
Share of Equity Investment Gain on Disposal of Assets
 
For the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recognized $30 million as its share of a pretax gain on the sale of a Central European documentary channel of an equity method investee.
 
Income Tax Impact and Tax Items Related to TWC
 
The income tax impact reflects the estimated tax or tax benefit associated with each item affecting comparability. Such estimated taxes or tax benefits vary based on certain factors, including the taxability or deductibility of the items and foreign tax on certain transactions. For the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, the Company also recognized approximately $24 million of tax benefits, $9 million of tax expense and $6 million of tax benefits, respectively, attributable to the impact of certain state tax law changes on TWC net deferred liabilities.
 
Noncontrolling Interest Impact
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, the noncontrolling interest impact of $5 million reflects the minority owner’s share of the tax provision related to changes in certain state tax laws on TWC net deferred liabilities.
 
2009 vs. 2008
 
Consolidated Results
 
The following discussion provides an analysis of the Company’s results of operations and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated statement of operations.
 
Revenues.  The components of revenues are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
          (recast)        
 
Subscription
  $ 8,859     $ 8,397       6 %
Advertising
    5,161       5,798       (11 %)
Content
    11,020       11,435       (4 %)
Other
    745       886       (16 %)
                         
Total revenues
  $  25,785     $  26,516       (3 %)
                         
 
The increase in Subscription revenues for the year ended December 31, 2009 was primarily related to an increase at the Networks segment, offset partially by a decline at the Publishing segment. The increase in Subscription revenues at the Networks segment was due primarily to higher subscription rates at both Turner and HBO and international subscriber growth including the effect of the consolidation of HBO LAG, partially offset by the negative impact of foreign exchange rates at Turner. The decrease at the Publishing segment was primarily due to softening domestic newsstand sales and declines in domestic subscription sales, both due in part to the effect of the current economic environment, as well as decreases at IPC resulting primarily from the negative impact of foreign exchange rates.
 
The decrease in Advertising revenues for the year ended December 31, 2009 was primarily due to declines at the Publishing segment and, to a lesser extent, a decline at the Networks segment. The decrease at the Publishing segment was primarily due to declines in domestic print Advertising revenues and international print Advertising revenues, including the effect of foreign exchange rates at IPC, and lower online revenues. The decrease at the


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Networks segment reflected decreases at Turner’s news networks, mainly due to audience declines, in part tied to the impact of the 2008 election coverage, and weakened demand, as well as at Turner’s international entertainment networks, reflecting the negative impact of foreign exchange rates.
 
The decrease in Content revenues for the year ended December 31, 2009 was due primarily to declines at the Filmed Entertainment and Networks segments. The decline at the Filmed Entertainment segment was mainly due to a decrease in theatrical product revenues, partially offset by an increase in television product revenues. The negative impact of foreign exchange rates also contributed to the decline in Content revenues at the Filmed Entertainment segment. The decline at the Networks segment was due primarily to lower ancillary sales of HBO’s original programming.
 
Each of the revenue categories is discussed in greater detail by segment in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Costs of Revenues.  For the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, costs of revenues totaled $14.438 billion and $14.953 billion, respectively, and, as a percentage of revenues, were both 56%. The segment variations are discussed in detail in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.  For the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, selling, general and administrative expenses decreased 8% to $6.153 billion in 2009 from $6.692 billion in 2008, due to decreases across each of the segments. The segment variations are discussed in detail in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Included in selling, general and administrative expenses are amounts related to securities litigation. The Company recognized legal and other professional fees related to the defense of various securities lawsuits totaling $30 million and $21 million in 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
Included in costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses is depreciation expense, which increased to $679 million in 2009 from $670 million in 2008.
 
Amortization Expense.  Amortization expense decreased to $319 million in 2009 from $356 million in 2008. The decrease in amortization expense primarily related to declines at the Filmed Entertainment and Publishing segments, partially offset by an increase at the Networks segment. The segment variations are discussed in detail in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Restructuring Costs.  During the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $212 million primarily related to various employee terminations and other exit activities, including $8 million at the Networks segment, $105 million at the Filmed Entertainment segment and $99 million at the Publishing segment. The total number of employees terminated across the segments in 2009 was approximately 1,500.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $327 million, primarily related to various employee terminations and other exit activities, including $142 million at the Filmed Entertainment segment, $176 million at the Publishing segment and $12 million at the Corporate segment, partially offset by a reversal of $3 million at the Networks segment. The total number of employees terminated across the segments in 2008 was approximately 1,700.
 
Operating Income (Loss).  Operating Income was $4.545 billion in 2009 compared to Operating Loss of $3.028 billion in 2008. Excluding the items previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability” totaling $148 million and $7.237 billion of expense for the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, Operating Income increased $484 million, primarily reflecting increases at the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments, partially offset by a decline at the Publishing segment. The segment variations are discussed under “Business Segment Results.”


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Interest Expense, Net.  Interest expense, net, decreased to $1.155 billion in 2009 from $1.325 billion in 2008. The decrease in interest expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2009 is due primarily to lower average net debt and also included a $43 million benefit in connection with the resolution of an international VAT matter.
 
Other Loss, Net.  Other loss, net detail is shown in the table below (millions):
 
                 
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008  
          (recast)  
 
Investment losses, net
  $ (21 )   $ (60 )
Amounts related to the separation of TWC
    14       (11 )
Costs related to the separation of AOL
    (15 )      
Income (loss) from equity method investees
    (63 )     18  
Other
    (22 )     9  
                 
Other loss, net
  $  (107 )   $  (44 )
                 
 
The changes in investment losses, net, amounts related to the separation of TWC and costs related to the separation of AOL are discussed under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability.” The change in Income (loss) from equity method investees for the year ended December 31, 2009 was primarily due to the Company’s recognition in the third quarter of 2008 of its $30 million share of a pretax gain on the sale of a Central European documentary channel by an equity method investee, as well as higher losses in 2009 from equity method investees. The remaining change reflected the negative impact of foreign exchange rates, partly offset by lower securitization expenses.
 
Income Tax Provision.  Income tax expense from continuing operations was $1.194 billion in 2009 compared to $692 million in 2008. The Company’s effective tax rate for continuing operations was 36% in 2009 compared to (16%) in 2008. The change is primarily attributable to the portion of the goodwill impairment in 2008 that did not generate a tax benefit and the recognition of certain state and local tax benefits in 2009.
 
Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations.  Income from continuing operations was $2.089 billion in 2009 compared to a loss from continuing operations of $5.089 billion in 2008. Excluding the items previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability” totaling $109 million and $6.799 billion of expense, net in 2009 and 2008, respectively, income from continuing operations increased by $488 million, primarily reflecting higher Operating Income and lower interest expense, net, partially offset by higher other losses, net, all as noted above. Basic and diluted income per common share from continuing operations attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders were $1.75 and $1.74, respectively, in 2009 compared to basic and diluted loss per common share from continuing operations attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders of $4.27 for both in 2008.
 
Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax.  The financial results for the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 included the impact of treating the results of operations and financial condition of TWC and AOL as discontinued operations. Discontinued operations, net of tax was income of $428 million in 2009 and was a loss of $9.559 billion in 2008. The current year results included TWC’s results for the period from January 1, 2009 through March 12, 2009 and AOL’s results for the period January 1, 2009 through December 9, 2009, as compared to the results for 2008, which included TWC’s results and AOL’s results for the full twelve-month period in 2008. Included in discontinued operations for 2008 was a noncash impairment of $14.822 billion and a related tax benefit of $5.729 billion to reduce the carrying values of certain cable franchise rights at TWC and a noncash impairment of $2.207 billion and a related tax benefit of $90 million to reduce the carrying value of goodwill at AOL. For additional information, see Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests.  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was $49 million in 2009 compared to a net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests of $1.246 billion in


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
2008 of which $39 million of income and a $1.251 billion loss, respectively, were attributable to discontinued operations.
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders.  Net income attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders was $2.468 billion in 2009 compared to a loss of $13.402 billion in 2008. Basic and diluted net income per common share attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders were $2.08 and $2.07, respectively, in 2009 compared to basic and diluted net loss per common share attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders of $11.23 for both in 2008.
 
Business Segment Results
 
Networks.  Revenues, Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income of the Networks segment for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 7,491     $ 6,835       10 %
Advertising
    3,272       3,359       (3 %)
Content
    813       900       (10 %)
Other
    127       60       112 %
                         
Total revenues
    11,703       11,154       5 %
Costs of revenues(a)
    (5,594 )     (5,316 )     5 %
Selling, general and administrative(a)
     (2,082 )      (2,333 )     (11 %)
Loss on disposal of consolidated business
          (3 )     (100 %)
Asset impairments
    (52 )     (18 )     189 %
Restructuring costs
    (8 )     3       NM  
                         
Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization
    3,967       3,487       14 %
Depreciation
    (349 )     (326 )     7 %
Amortization
    (73 )     (43 )     70 %
                         
Operating Income
  $ 3,545     $ 3,118       14 %
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.
 
The increase in Subscription revenues was due primarily to higher subscription rates at both Turner and HBO and international subscriber growth as well as the consolidation of HBO LAG, partially offset by the negative impact of foreign exchange rates at Turner.
 
The decrease in Advertising revenues reflected decreases at Turner’s news networks, mainly due to audience declines, in part tied to the impact of the 2008 election coverage, and weakened demand, as well as the negative impact of foreign exchange rates at Turner’s international entertainment networks.
 
The decrease in Content revenues was due primarily to lower ancillary sales of HBO’s original programming, partly offset by the effect of lower than anticipated home video returns of approximately $25 million.
 
Costs of revenues increased due to higher programming costs, partially offset by lower newsgathering costs, primarily reflecting the absence of the prior year’s election-related newsgathering costs. Programming costs increased 8% to $4.177 billion from $3.861 billion in 2008. The increase in programming costs was due primarily to the impact of the consolidation of HBO LAG, higher expenses related to licensed programming at both Turner and HBO and original programming at Turner, partially offset by lower sports programming expenses at Turner that were primarily related to NBA programming. Licensed programming costs for the year ended December 31, 2009


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
included a fourth quarter $104 million write-down to the net realizable value relating to a program licensed by Turner from Warner Bros. that the Company is attempting to re-license to a third party. The write-down of this licensed program was partially offset by $27 million of intercompany profits that have been eliminated in consolidation, resulting in a net charge to Time Warner of $77 million. Costs of revenues as a percentage of revenues were 48% in both 2009 and 2008.
 
The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2009 reflected a $281 million charge in 2008 as a result of a trial court judgment against Turner related to the 2004 sale of the Atlanta Hawks and Thrashers franchises (the “Winter Sports Teams”). Excluding the impact of this charge, selling, general and administrative expenses increased slightly due to increased costs associated with the consolidation of HBO LAG, partially offset by lower marketing expenses.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2009 results included a $52 million noncash impairment of intangible assets related to Turner’s interest in a general entertainment network in India. The 2008 results included an $18 million noncash impairment of GameTap, an online video game business, and a $3 million loss on the sale of GameTap. In addition, the 2009 results included restructuring costs of $8 million at HBO primarily related to severance, and the 2008 results included a $3 million reversal of 2007 restructuring charges related to senior management changes at HBO due to changes in estimates.
 
Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization increased primarily due to an increase in revenues. Operating Income increased primarily due to the increase in Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization, partly offset by higher amortization expense primarily related to the consolidation of HBO LAG.
 
Filmed Entertainment.  Revenues, Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income of the Filmed Entertainment segment for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 44     $ 39       13 %
Advertising
    79       88       (10 %)
Content
    10,766       11,030       (2 %)
Other
    177       241       (27 %)
                         
Total revenues
     11,066        11,398       (3 %)
Costs of revenues(a)
    (7,805 )     (8,161 )     (4 %)
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (1,676 )     (1,867 )     (10 %)
Loss on sale of assets
    (33 )           NM  
Restructuring costs
    (105 )     (142 )     (26 %)
                         
Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization
    1,447       1,228       18 %
Depreciation
    (164 )     (167 )     (2 %)
Amortization
    (199 )     (238 )     (16 %)
                         
Operating Income
  $ 1,084     $ 823       32 %
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
Content revenues primarily include theatrical product (which is content made available for initial exhibition in theaters) and television product (which is content made available for initial airing on television). The components of Content revenues for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Theatrical product:
                       
Theatrical film
  $ 2,085     $ 1,861       12 %
Home video and electronic delivery
    2,820       3,320       (15 %)
Television licensing
    1,459       1,574       (7 %)
Consumer products and other
    129       191       (32 %)
                         
Total theatrical product
    6,493       6,946       (7 %)
Television product:
                       
Television licensing
    2,506       2,274       10 %
Home video and electronic delivery
    777       814       (5 %)
Consumer products and other
    214       224       (4 %)
                         
Total television product
    3,497       3,312       6 %
Other
    776       772       1 %
                         
Total Content revenues
  $  10,766     $  11,030       (2 %)
                         
 
The decline in Content revenues included the negative impact of foreign exchange rates on many of the segment’s international operations.
 
The increase in theatrical film revenues was due primarily to the success of certain key releases in 2009, which compared favorably to 2008. Revenues in 2009 included the releases of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover, The Blind Side, Sherlock Holmes and Terminator Salvation compared to revenues in 2008, which included the releases of The Dark Knight, 10,000 B.C., Sex and the City, Get Smart and Journey to the Center of the Earth. Theatrical product revenues from home video and electronic delivery decreased primarily due to the reduced quantity and performance of new releases and lower catalog sales, driven in part by the negative impact of the current economic environment and secular trends, partially offset by the effect of lower than anticipated catalog returns. Significant titles in 2009 included Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, The Hangover, Gran Torino and Terminator Salvation, while significant titles in 2008 included The Dark Knight, I Am Legend, 10,000 B.C., The Bucket List and Sex and the City. Theatrical product revenues from television licensing decreased due primarily to the timing and number of availabilities. Theatrical product revenues from consumer products and other decreased due to difficult comparisons to consumer product revenues in 2008, which included revenues from arrangements related to the release of The Dark Knight in the third quarter of 2008 and the release of Speed Racer in the second quarter of 2008.
 
The increase in television product licensing fees was primarily due to the effect of fewer network deliveries in 2008 as a result of the Writers Guild of America (East and West) strike, which was settled in February 2008. The decrease in television product revenues from Home video and electronic delivery primarily resulted from the reduced quantity and performance of new releases and lower catalog sales, driven in part by the negative impact of the current economic environment.
 
Other content revenues in 2009, which included the interactive video game releases of LEGO Indiana Jones 2: The Adventure Continues, F.E.A.R. 2: Project Origin and LEGO Rock Band as well as the expansion of the distribution of third party interactive video games, increased slightly compared to Other content revenues in 2008, which included revenues from the interactive video game releases of LEGO Indiana Jones and LEGO Batman.
 
The decrease in costs of revenues resulted primarily from lower theatrical advertising and print costs due primarily to the timing, quantity and mix of films released and lower manufacturing and related costs associated


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
with a decline in home video revenues. Film costs increased to $4.789 billion in 2009 from $4.741 billion in 2008. Included in film costs are net pre-release theatrical film valuation adjustments, which increased slightly to $85 million in 2009 from $84 million in 2008. In addition, in 2009, the Company recognized a net benefit of approximately $50 million related to adjustments to correct prior period participation accruals, and, in 2008, the Company recognized approximately $53 million in participation expense related to claims on films released in prior periods. Costs of revenues as a percentage of revenues was 71% in 2009 compared to 72% in 2008.
 
The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses was primarily the result of lower employee costs resulting from the operational reorganization of the New Line business in 2008 and Warner Bros.’ restructuring activities in 2009, discussed below, as well as lower distribution expenses primarily associated with the declines in Home video and electronic delivery revenues.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2009 results included a $33 million loss on the sale of Warner Bros.’ Italian cinema assets. In addition, beginning in the first quarter of 2009, Warner Bros. commenced a significant restructuring, primarily consisting of headcount reductions and the outsourcing of certain functions to an external service provider. The Filmed Entertainment segment incurred restructuring charges of $105 million in 2009, and expects to incur additional restructuring charges of approximately $10 million in the first quarter of 2010. The 2008 results included restructuring charges of $142 million primarily related to involuntary employee terminations in connection with the operational reorganization of the New Line business.
 
Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization increased primarily due to lower costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses, partly offset by a decrease in revenues and the negative impact of foreign exchange rates. Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization also included the effect of lower than anticipated home video catalog returns of approximately $40 million, a $26 million benefit in connection with the resolution of an international VAT matter and the $33 million loss on the sale of the Italian cinema assets.
 
The increase in Operating Income was primarily due to the increase in Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization, as well as a decrease in amortization expense primarily relating to film library assets.
 
Publishing.  Revenues, Operating Income (Loss) before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income (Loss) of the Publishing segment for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 1,324     $ 1,523       (13 %)
Advertising
    1,878       2,419       (22 %)
Content
    73       63       16 %
Other
    461       603       (24 %)
                         
Total revenues
    3,736       4,608       (19 %)
Costs of revenues(a)
    (1,441 )     (1,813 )     (21 %)
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (1,744 )     (1,840 )     (5 %)
Asset impairments
    (33 )     (7,195 )     NM  
Restructuring costs
    (99 )     (176 )     (44 %)
                         
Operating Income (Loss) before Depreciation and Amortization
    419       (6,416 )     NM  
Depreciation
    (126 )     (133 )     (5 %)
Amortization
    (47 )     (75 )     (37 %)
                         
Operating Income (Loss)
  $ 246     $ (6,624 )     NM  
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
Subscription revenues declined primarily due to softening domestic newsstand sales and declines in domestic subscription sales, both due in part to the effect of the current economic environment, as well as decreases at IPC resulting primarily from the negative impact of foreign exchange rates.
 
Advertising revenues decreased primarily due to declines in domestic print Advertising revenues and international print Advertising revenues, including the effect of foreign exchange rates at IPC, and lower online revenues. These declines primarily reflect the current weak economic conditions and increased competition for advertising dollars.
 
Other revenues decreased due primarily to decreases at the non-magazine businesses, including Southern Living At Home, which was sold during the third quarter of 2009, and Synapse.
 
Costs of revenues decreased 21%, and, as a percentage of revenues, was 39% in both 2009 and 2008. Costs of revenues for the magazine and online businesses include manufacturing costs (paper, printing and distribution) and editorial-related costs, which together decreased 19% to $1.310 billion in 2009 from $1.627 billion in 2008, primarily due to cost savings initiatives, lower printing and paper costs related to a decline in volume and lower costs at IPC due primarily to the effect of foreign exchange rates. In addition, costs of revenues at the non-magazine businesses declined as a result of lower revenues.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased due to cost savings initiatives, a decrease at IPC due primarily to the effect of foreign exchange rates, lower marketing expenses, the effect of the sale of Southern Living At Home and lower bad debt reserves related to newsstand wholesalers, partly offset by higher pension expense and costs associated with the acquisition of QSP.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2009 results included a $33 million noncash impairment of certain fixed assets in connection with the Publishing segment’s restructuring activities. The 2008 results included a $7.139 billion noncash impairment to reduce the carrying value of goodwill and identifiable intangible assets, a $30 million noncash impairment related to the sub-lease with a tenant that filed for bankruptcy in September 2008, a $21 million noncash impairment of Southern Living At Home and a $5 million noncash impairment related to certain other asset write-offs. In addition, the 2009 results included restructuring costs of $99 million, primarily due to severance and facility costs related to an ongoing effort to continue to streamline the Publishing segment’s operations. The 2008 results included restructuring costs of $176 million, primarily consisting of $119 million of severance and facility costs associated with a significant reorganization of the Publishing segment’s operations and $57 million related to the sub-lease with a tenant that filed for bankruptcy in September 2008.
 
As discussed above, Operating Income (Loss) before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income (Loss) were negatively affected by $33 million and $7.195 billion of asset impairments in 2009 and 2008, respectively. Excluding the asset impairments, Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income decreased due primarily to lower revenues, partially offset by decreases in costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses and lower restructuring costs. The decrease in Operating Income for the year ended December 31, 2009 was also partially offset by lower amortization expense as a result of the prior year noncash impairment to reduce the carrying value of certain identifiable intangible assets.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Corporate.  Operating Loss before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Loss of the Corporate segment for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     % Change  
 
Selling, general and administrative(a)
  $ (325 )   $ (324 )      
Restructuring costs
          (12 )     (100 %)
                         
Operating Loss before Depreciation and Amortization
    (325 )     (336 )     (3 %)
Depreciation
    (40 )     (44 )     (9 %)
                         
Operating Loss
  $  (365 )   $  (380 )     (4 %)
                         
 
 
(a) Selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.
 
The 2008 results included $12 million of restructuring costs, due primarily to involuntary employee terminations as a result of the Company’s cost savings initiatives at the Corporate segment.
 
Excluding the restructuring costs noted above, Operating Loss before Depreciation and Amortization for the year ended December 31, 2009 was essentially flat compared to the prior year, reflecting higher pension expenses, an increase in legal and other professional fees related to the defense of former employees in various lawsuits and an increase in philanthropic contributions, offset by cost savings initiatives.
 
2008 vs. 2007
 
Consolidated Results
 
The following discussion provides an analysis of the Company’s results of operations and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated statement of operations.
 
Revenues.  The components of revenues are as follows (recast; millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2008     2007     % Change  
 
Subscription
  $ 8,397     $ 7,838       7 %
Advertising
    5,798       5,731       1 %
Content
    11,435       11,709       (2 %)
Other
    886       933       (5 %)
                         
Total revenues
  $  26,516     $  26,211       1 %
                         
 
The increase in Subscription revenues for the year ended December 31, 2008 was primarily related to an increase at the Networks segment, partly offset by a decline at the Publishing segment. The increase at the Networks segment was due primarily to higher subscription rates at both Turner and HBO and, to a lesser extent, an increase in the number of subscribers for Turner’s networks, as well as the impact of international expansion. The decline in Subscription revenues at the Publishing segment was primarily due to decreases at IPC, resulting principally from the impact of foreign exchange rates, lower revenues from domestic subscription sales and the impact of the sale of four non-strategic magazine titles in the third quarter of 2007, partly offset by higher revenues from newsstand sales for certain domestic magazine titles driven by price increases.
 
The increase in Advertising revenues for the year ended December 31, 2008 was primarily due to growth at the Networks segment, partially offset by a decline at the Publishing segment. The increase at the Networks segment was driven primarily by Turner’s domestic entertainment and news networks. The decrease in Advertising revenues at the Publishing segment was due to declines in domestic print Advertising revenues, international print Advertising revenues, including the impact of foreign exchange rates at IPC, and custom publishing revenues,


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
as well as the impacts of the 2007 closures of LIFE and Business 2.0 magazines and the sale of four non-strategic magazine titles in the third quarter of 2007, partly offset by growth in online revenues.
 
The decrease in Content revenues for the year ended December 31, 2008 was principally related to a decline at the Filmed Entertainment segment, mainly due to decreases in both television and theatrical product revenues, partially offset by the impact of the acquisition of TT Games Limited (“TT Games”) in the fourth quarter of 2007.
 
Each of the revenue categories is discussed in greater detail by segment in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Costs of Revenues.  For 2008 and 2007, costs of revenues totaled $14.953 billion and $15.393 billion, respectively, and, as a percentage of revenues, were 56% and 59%, respectively. The segment variations are discussed in detail in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.  Selling, general and administrative expenses increased 8% to $6.692 billion in 2008 from $6.203 billion in 2007, primarily related to increases at the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments, partially offset by a decline at the Publishing segment. The segment variations are discussed in detail in “Business Segment Results.”
 
Included in selling general and administrative expenses are amounts related to securities litigation. The Company recognized legal reserves as well as legal and other professional fees related to the defense of various securities lawsuits totaling $21 million and $180 million in 2008 and 2007, respectively. In addition, the Company recognized related insurance recoveries of $9 million in 2007.
 
Included in costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses is depreciation expense, which increased to $670 million in 2008 from $626 million in 2007.
 
Amortization Expense.  Amortization expense increased to $356 million in 2008 from $306 million in 2007, related to increases at the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments, primarily due to business acquisitions.
 
Restructuring Costs.  During the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $327 million, primarily related to various employee terminations and other exit activities, including $142 million at the Filmed Entertainment segment, $176 million at the Publishing segment and $12 million at the Corporate segment, partially offset by a reversal of $3 million at the Networks segment. The total number of employees terminated across the segments in 2008 was approximately 1,700.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company incurred restructuring costs of $114 million, primarily related to various employee terminations and other exit activities, including $37 million at the Networks segment, $67 million at the Publishing segment and $10 million at the Corporate segment. The total number of employees terminated across the segments in 2007 was approximately 600.
 
Operating Income (Loss).  Operating Loss was $3.028 billion in 2008 compared to Operating Income of $4.167 billion in 2007. Excluding the items previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability” totaling $7.237 billion and $199 million of expense, net for 2008 and 2007, respectively, Operating Income (Loss) decreased $157 million, primarily reflecting declines at the Publishing and Filmed Entertainment segments, partially offset by growth at the Networks segment and decreased expenses at the Corporate segment. The segment variations are discussed under “Business Segment Results.”
 
Interest Expense, Net.  Interest expense, net, decreased to $1.325 billion in 2008 from $1.412 billion in 2007, primarily due to lower average interest rates on net debt.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Other Loss, Net.  Other loss, net detail is shown in the table below (recast, millions):
 
                 
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2008     2007  
 
Investment gains (losses), net
  $ (60 )   $ 75  
Amounts related to the separation of TWC
    (11 )      
Income (loss) from equity method investees
    18       (24 )
Other
    9       (60 )
                 
Other loss, net
  $  (44 )   $  (9 )
                 
 
The changes in investment gains (losses), net and amounts related to the separation of TWC are discussed under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability.” The change in income (loss) from equity method investees reflected higher income from equity method investees for the year ended December 31, 2008 primarily due to the Company’s recognition of its $30 million share of a pretax gain on the sale of a Central European documentary channel of an equity method investee. The remaining change reflected the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates and lower securitization expenses.
 
Income Tax Provision.  Income tax provision from continuing operations was $692 million in 2008 compared to $859 million in 2007. The Company’s effective tax rate for continuing operations was (16%) for the year ended December 31, 2008 compared to 31% for the year ended December 31, 2007. The change is primarily attributable to the portion of the goodwill impairments that did not generate a tax benefit.
 
Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations.  Loss from continuing operations was $5.089 billion in 2008 compared to income of $1.887 billion in 2007. Excluding the items previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability” totaling $6.799 billion and $101 million of expense, net in 2008 and 2007, respectively, income (loss) from continuing operations decreased by $278 million, primarily reflecting lower Operating Income (Loss), as noted above. Basic and diluted loss per common share from continuing operations attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders were both $4.27 in 2008 compared to basic and diluted income per common share from continuing operations of $1.52 and $1.51, respectively, in 2007.
 
Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax.  The financial results for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 included the impact of treating the results of operations and financial condition of TWC and AOL as discontinued operations. Included in discontinued operations for 2008 was a noncash impairment of $14.822 billion and a related tax benefit of $5.729 billion to reduce the carrying values of certain cable franchise rights at TWC and a noncash impairment of $2.207 billion and a related tax benefit of $90 million to reduce the carrying value of goodwill at AOL. In addition, the financial results for the year ended December 31, 2007 included the impact of treating certain businesses sold, which included Tegic Communications, Inc., Wildseed LLC, the Parenting Group, most of the Time4 Media magazine titles, The Progressive Farmer magazine, Leisure Arts, Inc. and the Atlanta Braves baseball franchise, as discontinued operations. For additional information, see Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests.  Time Warner had $1.246 billion of net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in 2008 compared to net income attributable to noncontrolling interests of $240 million in 2007 of which a $1.251 billion loss and $242 million of income, respectively, were attributable to discontinued operations.
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders.  Net loss attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders was $13.402 billion in 2008 compared to net income attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders of $4.387 billion in 2007. Basic and diluted net loss per common share attributable to Time Warner


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Inc. common shareholders were both $11.23 in 2008 compared to basic and diluted net income per common share attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders of $3.54 and $3.50, respectively, in 2007.
 
Business Segment Results
 
Networks.  Revenues, Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income of the Networks segment for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2008     2007     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 6,835     $ 6,258       9 %
Advertising
    3,359       3,058       10 %
Content
    900       909       (1 %)
Other
    60       45       33 %
                         
Total revenues
     11,154        10,270       9 %
Costs of revenues(a)
    (5,316 )     (5,014 )     6 %
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (2,333 )     (1,849 )     26 %
Loss on disposal of consolidated business
    (3 )           NM  
Asset impairments
    (18 )     (34 )     (47 %)
Restructuring costs
    3       (37 )     (108 %)
                         
Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization
    3,487       3,336       5 %
Depreciation
    (326 )     (303 )     8 %
Amortization
    (43 )     (18 )     139 %
                         
Operating Income
  $ 3,118     $ 3,015       3 %
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.
 
The increase in Subscription revenues was due primarily to higher subscription rates at both Turner and HBO and, to a lesser extent, an increase in the number of subscribers for Turner’s networks, as well as the impact of international expansion.
 
The increase in Advertising revenues was driven primarily by Turner’s domestic entertainment and news networks, reflecting mainly higher CPMs (advertising rates per thousand viewers) and audience delivery, as well as Turner’s international networks, reflecting primarily an increase in the number of units sold.
 
The decrease in Content revenues primarily reflects lower syndication revenues associated with HBO’s Everybody Loves Raymond as well as lower ancillary sales of HBO’s original programming, partly offset by higher licensing and merchandising revenues at Turner.
 
Costs of revenues increased due primarily to increases in programming costs and election-related newsgathering costs, offset in part by lower content distribution costs. Programming costs increased 8% to $3.861 billion in 2008 from $3.575 billion in 2007 primarily due to costs associated with international expansion, an increase in sports programming costs at Turner, particularly related to NBA programming, and higher original and licensed programming costs. Programming costs for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 also included $38 million and $6 million, respectively, of charges related to the decision to not proceed with certain original programming. Costs of revenues as a percentage of revenues were 48% in 2008 compared to 49% in 2007.
 
The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses reflected a $281 million charge as a result of a trial court judgment against Turner in December 2008 related to the 2004 sale of the Winter Sports Teams. The


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
remainder of the increase in selling, general and administrative expenses reflected, in part, higher marketing expenses and increased costs related to international expansion.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2008 results included a $3 million loss on the sale of GameTap, an online video game business, and an $18 million noncash impairment of GameTap. The 2007 results included a $34 million noncash impairment of the Court TV tradename as a result of rebranding the network’s name to truTV, effective January 1, 2008. In addition, the 2007 results included a charge of $37 million related to senior management changes at HBO, $3 million of which was reversed in 2008 due to changes in estimates.
 
Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization increased primarily due to an increase in revenues, a decline in restructuring costs and the absence of the tradename impairment, partially offset by increases in selling, general and administrative expenses, which included the $281 million trial court judgment against Turner, costs of revenues and the impairment of GameTap. Operating Income increased due primarily to the increase in Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization described above, offset in part by increased depreciation and amortization expenses related to the impact of international expansion.
 
Filmed Entertainment.  Revenues, Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income of the Filmed Entertainment segment for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2008     2007     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 39     $ 30       30 %
Advertising
    88       48       83 %
Content
    11,030       11,355       (3 %)
Other
    241       249       (3 %)
                         
Total revenues
     11,398        11,682       (2 %)
Costs of revenues(a)
    (8,161 )     (8,856 )     (8 %)
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (1,867 )     (1,611 )     16 %
Restructuring costs
    (142 )           NM  
                         
Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization
    1,228       1,215       1 %
Depreciation
    (167 )     (153 )     9 %
Amortization
    (238 )     (217 )     10 %
                         
Operating Income
  $ 823     $ 845       (3 %)
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
Content revenues primarily include theatrical product (which is content made available for initial exhibition in theaters) and television product (which is content made available for initial airing on television). The components of Content revenues for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2008     2007     % Change  
 
Theatrical product:
                       
Theatrical film
  $ 1,861     $ 2,131       (13 %)
Home video and electronic delivery
    3,320       3,483       (5 %)
Television licensing
    1,574       1,451       8 %
Consumer products and other
    191       166       15 %
                         
Total theatrical product
    6,946       7,231       (4 %)
Television product:
                       
Television licensing
    2,274       2,691       (15 %)
Home video and electronic delivery
    814       832       (2 %)
Consumer products and other
    224       240       (7 %)
                         
Total television product
    3,312       3,763       (12 %)
Other
    772       361       114 %
                         
Total Content revenues
  $  11,030     $  11,355       (3 %)
                         
 
The decline in theatrical film revenues was due primarily to difficult comparisons to the prior year. Revenues for 2008 included The Dark Knight, 10,000 B.C., Sex and the City: The Movie, Get Smart and Journey to the Center of the Earth, while revenues for 2007 included Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, I Am Legend, 300 and Ocean’s Thirteen.
 
Theatrical product revenues from home video and electronic delivery decreased due primarily to difficult comparisons to the prior year. Revenues for 2008 included The Dark Knight, I Am Legend, 10,000 B.C., The Bucket List and Sex and the City: The Movie, while revenues for 2007 included Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, 300, Happy Feet, The Departed, Hairspray and Rush Hour 3. Also contributing to the decline in theatrical product revenues from home video and electronic delivery was a decrease in the rate at which consumers were buying DVDs, reflecting, in part, deteriorating worldwide economic conditions during the last half of 2008. Theatrical product revenues from television licensing increased due primarily to the timing and number of availabilities.
 
Television product licensing fees decreased primarily as a result of the impact in 2007 of the initial off-network availabilities of Two and a Half Men, Cold Case and The George Lopez Show, as well as the impact in 2008 of the Writers Guild of America (East and West) strike, which was settled in February 2008. This decrease was partially offset by the 2008 off-network license fees from Seinfeld. The decrease in television product revenues from home video and electronic delivery primarily reflects a decline in catalog revenue which more than offsets revenue from new releases, including The Closer, Gossip Girl, One Tree Hill, Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles and Two and a Half Men.
 
The increase in other Content revenues was due primarily to the impact of the acquisition of TT Games in the fourth quarter of 2007, which resulted in revenues from the 2008 releases of LEGO Indiana Jones and LEGO Batman, as well as the expansion of the distribution of interactive video games.
 
The decrease in costs of revenues resulted primarily from lower theatrical advertising and print costs due to the timing, quantity and mix of films released as well as lower film costs ($4.741 billion in 2008 compared to $4.931 billion in 2007). Included in film costs are net pre-release theatrical film valuation adjustments, which decreased to $84 million in 2008 from $240 million in 2007. In addition, during the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company recognized approximately $53 million in participation expense related to current claims on films


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
released in prior periods. Costs of revenues as a percentage of revenues decreased to 72% in 2008 from 76% in 2007, reflecting the quantity and mix of products released.
 
The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses was primarily the result of higher employee costs, which includes additional headcount to support the expansion of games distribution, digital platforms and other initiatives, partially offset by cost reductions realized in connection with the operational reorganization of the New Line business. The increase also reflects higher distribution costs attributable to the increase in games revenues, as well as a $30 million bad debt charge for potential credit losses related to several customers that filed for bankruptcy.
 
The 2008 results included restructuring charges of $142 million primarily related to involuntary employee terminations in connection with the operational reorganization of the New Line business.
 
Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income increased primarily due to lower costs of revenues, partly offset by a decrease in revenues, higher selling, general and administrative expenses and higher restructuring charges.
 
Publishing.  Revenues, Operating Income (Loss) before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Income (Loss) of the Publishing segment for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2008     2007     % Change  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 1,523     $ 1,551       (2 %)
Advertising
    2,419       2,698       (10 %)
Content
    63       53       19 %
Other
    603       653       (8 %)
                         
Total revenues
    4,608       4,955       (7 %)
Costs of revenues(a)
    (1,813 )     (1,885 )     (4 %)
Selling, general and administrative(a)
    (1,840 )     (1,905 )     (3 %)
Gain on sale of assets
          6       (100 %)
Asset impairments
    (7,195 )           NM  
Restructuring costs
    (176 )     (67 )     163 %
                         
Operating Income (Loss) before Depreciation and Amortization
    (6,416 )     1,104       NM  
Depreciation
    (133 )     (126 )     6 %
Amortization
    (75 )     (71 )     6 %
                         
Operating Income (Loss)
  $  (6,624 )   $  907       NM  
                         
 
 
(a) Costs of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.
 
Subscription revenues declined primarily due to decreases at IPC, resulting principally from the impact of foreign exchange rates, lower revenues from domestic subscription sales and the impact of the sale of four non-strategic magazine titles in the third quarter of 2007 (the “2007 magazine sales”), partly offset by higher revenues from newsstand sales for certain domestic magazine titles driven by price increases.
 
Advertising revenues decreased due primarily to declines in domestic print Advertising revenues, international print Advertising revenues, including the impact of foreign exchange rates at IPC, and custom publishing revenues, as well as the impacts of the 2007 closures of LIFE and Business 2.0 magazines (the “2007 magazine closures”) and the 2007 magazine sales, partly offset by growth in online revenues, led by contributions from People.com, CNNMoney.com and Time.com.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Other revenues decreased due primarily to decreases at Synapse, Southern Living At Home and Oxmoor House, partially offset by the impact of the acquisition of QSP.
 
Costs of revenues decreased 4% in 2008 and, as a percentage of revenues, were 39% in 2008 and 38% in 2007. Costs of revenues for the magazine publishing business include manufacturing costs (paper, printing and distribution) and editorial-related costs, which together decreased 3% to $1.627 billion in 2008 from $1.670 billion in 2007, primarily due to cost savings initiatives and the impacts of the 2007 magazine closures and the 2007 magazine sales. Paper costs savings realized primarily as a result of lower volumes were partially offset by higher paper prices. The decrease in costs of revenues at the magazine publishing business, as well as a decrease in costs at the non-magazine businesses associated with lower volumes, were offset by increased costs associated with investments in certain digital properties, including incremental editorial-related costs, as well as operating costs associated with the acquisition of QSP.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased primarily due to cost savings initiatives, the impacts of the 2007 magazine closures and 2007 magazine sales and a decrease in promotion-related spending at the non-magazine businesses, partially offset by costs associated with investments in digital properties and costs associated with the acquisition of QSP, as well as an increase of $35 million in bad debt reserves.
 
As previously noted under “Significant Transactions and Other Items Affecting Comparability,” the 2008 results included a $7.139 billion noncash impairment to reduce the carrying value of goodwill and identifiable intangible assets, a $30 million noncash asset impairment related to the sub-lease with a tenant that filed for bankruptcy in September 2008, a $21 million noncash impairment of Southern Living At Home and a $5 million noncash impairment related to certain other asset write-offs. The 2007 results included a $6 million gain on the 2007 magazine sales. In addition, the 2008 results included restructuring costs of $176 million primarily consisting of $119 million of severance and other costs associated with a significant reorganization of the Publishing segment’s operations and $57 million related to the sub-lease with a tenant that filed for bankruptcy in September 2008. The 2007 results included restructuring costs of $67 million, primarily consisting of severance associated with efforts to streamline operations and costs related to the shutdown of LIFE magazine in the first quarter of 2007.
 
As discussed above, Operating Loss before Depreciation and Amortization in 2008 was negatively impacted by $7.195 billion of asset impairments. Excluding the asset impairments, Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization decreased primarily due to a decline in revenues, partially offset by decreases in selling, general and administrative expenses and costs of revenues. Also excluding the asset impairments, Operating Income decreased due primarily to the decline in Operating Income before Depreciation and Amortization discussed above, and, an increase in depreciation expense due primarily to the completion of construction on IPC’s new U.K. headquarters during the second quarter of 2007.
 
Corporate.  Operating Loss before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Loss of the Corporate segment for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2008     2007     % Change  
          (recast)        
 
Selling, general and administrative(a)
  $ (324 )   $ (543 )     (40 %)
Restructuring costs
    (12 )     (10 )     20 %
                         
Operating Loss before Depreciation and Amortization
    (336 )     (553 )     (39 %)
Depreciation
    (44 )     (44 )      
                         
Operating Loss
  $  (380 )   $  (597 )     (36 %)
                         
 
 
(a) Selling, general and administrative expenses exclude depreciation.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
As previously noted, the Company recognized legal reserves as well as legal and other professional fees related to the defense of various securities lawsuits, totaling $21 million in 2008 and $180 million in 2007. In addition, the Company recognized related insurance recoveries of $9 million in 2007.
 
The 2008 and 2007 results included $12 million and $10 million of restructuring costs, respectively, due primarily to involuntary employee terminations as a result of the Company’s cost savings initiatives at the Corporate segment. These initiatives resulted in annual savings of more than $50 million.
 
Excluding the items noted above, Operating Loss before Depreciation and Amortization and Operating Loss decreased due primarily to lower corporate costs, related primarily to the cost savings initiatives.
 
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY
 
Management believes that cash generated by or available to the Company should be sufficient to fund its capital and liquidity needs for the foreseeable future, including quarterly dividend payments and the remaining $3 billion common stock repurchase program. Time Warner’s sources of cash include cash provided by operations, cash and equivalents on hand, available borrowing capacity under its committed credit facilities and commercial paper program and access to capital markets. Time Warner’s unused committed capacity at December 31, 2009 was $11.731 billion, including $4.800 billion of cash and equivalents.
 
As part of the TWC Separation, the Company received $9.253 billion on March 12, 2009 as its portion of the payment by TWC of the special cash dividend of $10.27 per share to all holders of TWC Class A Common Stock and TWC Class B Common Stock as of the close of business on March 11, 2009 (aggregating $10.856 billion) (the “Special Dividend”).
 
In late January 2009, Google Inc. (“Google”) exercised its right to request that AOL register Google’s 5% equity interest in AOL for sale in an initial public offering. Time Warner exercised its right to purchase Google’s equity interest for cash based on the appraised fair market value of the equity interest in lieu of conducting an initial public offering. On July 8, 2009, the Company repurchased Google’s 5% interest in AOL for $283 million in cash, which amount included a payment in respect of Google’s pro rata share of cash distributions to Time Warner by AOL attributable to the period of Google’s investment in AOL.
 
Current Financial Condition
 
At December 31, 2009, Time Warner had $15.416 billion of debt, $4.800 billion of cash and equivalents (net debt of $10.616 billion, defined as total debt less cash and equivalents) and $33.383 billion of shareholders’ equity, compared to $21.896 billion of debt, $1.099 billion of cash and equivalents (net debt of $20.797 billion, defined as total debt less cash and equivalents) and $42.288 billion of shareholders’ equity at December 31, 2008.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
The following table shows the significant items contributing to the decrease in consolidated net debt from December 31, 2008 to December 31, 2009 (millions):
 
         
Balance at December 31, 2008
  $ 20,797  
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations
    (3,385 )
Cash provided by discontinued operations
    (617 )
Capital expenditures
    561  
Dividends paid to common stockholders
    897  
Investments and acquisitions, net(a)
    749  
Proceeds from the sale of investments(a)
    (299 )
Repurchases of common stock(b)
    1,158  
Proceeds from the Special Dividend(a)
    (9,253 )
All other, net
    8  
         
Balance at December 31, 2009(c)
  $  10,616  
         
 
 
(a) Refer to “Investing Activities” below for further detail.
(b) Refer to “Financing Activities” below for further detail.
(c) Included in the net debt balance is $20 million that represents the unamortized fair value adjustment recognized as a result of the merger of AOL and Historic TW Inc.
 
As noted in “Recent Developments,” on July 26, 2007, Time Warner’s Board of Directors authorized a common stock repurchase program that allows the Company to purchase up to an aggregate of $5 billion of common stock. Purchases under this stock repurchase program may be made from time to time on the open market and in privately negotiated transactions. The size and timing of these purchases are based on a number of factors, including price and business and market conditions. From the program’s inception through February 17, 2010, the Company repurchased approximately 102 million shares of common stock for approximately $4.2 billion pursuant to trading programs under Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. This number included approximately 51 million shares of common stock purchased for approximately $1.4 billion in 2009 (Note 9). As of December 31, 2009, the Company had approximately $1.0 billion remaining on its stock repurchase program. On January 28, 2010, Time Warner’s Board of Directors increased this amount to $3.0 billion.
 
Time Warner’s $2.000 billion aggregate principal amount of floating rate public debt matured on November 13, 2009, and the Company paid such aggregate principal amount and the accrued interest in cash on the maturity date. The Company does not have any other public debt maturing until April 2011.
 
Cash Flows
 
Cash and equivalents increased by $3.701 billion, including $617 million of cash provided by discontinued operations, in 2009 and decreased by $34 million, including $162 million of cash used by discontinued operations, in 2008. Components of these changes are discussed below in more detail.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Operating Activities from Continuing Operations
 
Details of cash provided by operations from continuing operations are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     2007  
          (recast)     (recast)  
 
Operating Income
  $ 4,545     $ (3,028 )   $ 4,167  
Depreciation and amortization
    998       1,026       932  
Amounts related to securities litigation and government investigations:
                       
Net expenses
    30       21       171  
Cash payments, net of recoveries
    (30 )     (21 )     (912 )
(Gain) loss on sale of assets
    33       3       (6 )
Noncash asset impairments
    85       7,213       34  
Net interest payments(a)
     (1,071 )      (1,305 )      (1,405 )
Net income taxes (paid) received(b)
    (838 )     (217 )     649  
Noncash equity-based compensation
    175       192       195  
Domestic pension plan contributions
    (43 )     (395 )     (17 )
Restructuring payments, net of accruals
    (8 )     181       15  
All other, net, including working capital changes
    (491 )     394       (427 )
                         
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations
  $ 3,385     $ 4,064     $ 3,396  
                         
 
 
(a) Includes interest income received of $43 million, $64 million and $85 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
(b) Includes income tax refunds received of $99 million, $137 million and $103 million in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and income tax sharing receipts from TWC and AOL of $241 million, $342 million and $1.139 billion in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
 
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations decreased to $3.385 billion in 2009 from $4.064 billion in 2008. The decrease in cash provided by operations from continuing operations was related primarily to an increase in net income taxes paid, an increase in restructuring payments, net of accruals and cash used by working capital, partially offset by a decline in net interest payments and domestic pension plan contributions. The components of working capital are subject to wide fluctuations based on the timing of cash transactions related to production schedules, the acquisition of programming, collection of accounts receivable and similar items. The Company’s net income tax payments increased in 2009 by $621 million primarily due to higher taxable income in 2009 and the run-off of tax attributes that benefitted the Company in prior years.
 
As of December 31, 2009, certain of the Company’s domestic defined benefit pension plans were funded by assets in a pension trust with a fair market value of $2.092 billion compared to $1.702 billion as of December 31, 2008 and $2.168 billion as of December 31, 2007. During 2009, the Company’s plan assets have experienced market gains of approximately 31%, following declines of 34% in 2008. The Company did not make any discretionary cash contributions to its defined domestic benefit plans in 2009 compared to $375 million in 2008 and none in 2007. As a result of the increase in the fair market value of the Company’s domestic defined benefit pension plans assets in 2009, the Company expects a decrease in pension expense in 2010 as compared to 2009.
 
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations increased to $4.064 billion in 2008 from $3.396 billion in 2007. The increase in cash provided by operations from continuing operations was related primarily to decreases in payments made in connection with the settlements in the securities litigation and the government investigations and cash provided by working capital, partially offset by net income taxes paid and an increase in domestic pension plan contributions. The changes in components of working capital are subject to wide fluctuations based on the timing of cash transactions related to production schedules, the acquisition of programming, collection of accounts receivable and similar items. The change in working capital between periods primarily reflects higher cash collections on receivables and the timing of payments for production


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
spending, accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The Company’s net income tax payments increased in 2008 by $866 million primarily due to the utilization of a majority of the Company’s U.S. federal tax attribute carryforwards in 2007, partially offset by deductible pension contributions in 2008.
 
Investing Activities from Continuing Operations
 
Details of cash provided (used) by investing activities from continuing operations are as follows (millions):
 
                                 
    Year Ended December 31,        
    2009     2008     2007        
          (recast)     (recast)        
 
Investments in available-for-sale securities
  $ (4 )   $ (19 )   $ (94 )        
Investments and acquisitions, net of cash acquired:
                               
Repurchase of Google’s 5% interest in AOL
    (283 )                    
CME
    (246 )                    
HBO Asia, HBO South Asia and HBO LAG
          (248 )     (28 )        
Imagen Acquisition
          (2 )     (229 )        
TT Games
          (32 )     (133 )        
All other
    (216 )     (431 )     (161 )        
Capital expenditures
    (561 )     (684 )     (716 )        
Proceeds from the Special Dividend
    9,253                      
Proceeds from the sale of the Parenting Group and most of the Time4 Media magazine titles
                220          
Proceeds from the sale of the Company’s 50% interest in Bookspan
                145          
Proceeds from the sale of available-for-sale securities
    50       13       36          
All other investment and sale proceeds
    249       131       258          
                                 
Cash provided (used) by investing activities from continuing operations
  $  8,242     $  (1,272 )   $  (702 )        
                                 
 
Cash provided by investing activities from continuing operations was $8.242 billion in 2009 compared to cash used by investing activities from continuing operations of $1.272 billion in 2008. The change in cash provided (used) by investing activities from continuing operations was primarily due to the receipt of the Company’s portion of the Special Dividend.
 
Cash used by investing activities from continuing operations increased to $1.272 billion in 2008 from $702 million in 2007. The change in cash used by investing activities from continuing operations primarily reflected the decrease in proceeds from the sales of assets and an increase in investment and acquisition expenditures.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Financing Activities from Continuing Operations
 
Details of cash used by financing activities from continuing operations are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     2007  
          (recast)     (recast)  
 
Borrowings(a)
  $ 3,583     $ 33,184     $ 6,302  
Debt repayments(a)
     (10,051 )      (34,731 )      (3,272 )
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
    56       134       521  
Excess tax benefit on stock options
    1       3       71  
Principal payments on capital leases
    (20 )     (17 )     (16 )
Repurchases of common stock
    (1,158 )     (332 )     (6,231 )
Dividends paid
    (897 )     (901 )     (871 )
Other financing activities
    (57 )     (4 )     (4 )
                         
Cash used by financing activities from continuing operations
  $ (8,543 )   $ (2,664 )   $ (3,500 )
                         
 
 
(a) The Company reflects borrowings under its bank credit agreements on a gross basis and short-term commercial paper on a net basis in the accompanying consolidated statement of cash flows.
 
Cash used by financing activities from continuing operations increased to $8.543 billion in 2009 from $2.664 billion in 2008. The change in cash used by financing activities from continuing operations was primarily due to an increase in net debt repayments and an increase in repurchases of common stock made in connection with the Company’s common stock repurchase program. The Company used a portion of the $9.253 billion it received from the payment of the Special Dividend to repay in full its $2.0 billion three-year unsecured term loan facility (plus accrued interest) and repay all amounts outstanding under the Revolving Facility (defined below). In addition, the Company paid $2.000 billion (plus accrued interest) for floating rate public debt that matured November 13, 2009.
 
Cash used by financing activities from continuing operations decreased to $2.664 billion in 2008 from $3.500 billion in 2007. The change in cash used by financing activities was primarily due to a decline in repurchases of common stock made in connection with the Company’s common stock repurchase program, partially offset by declines in net borrowings (i.e., borrowings less repayments) and proceeds from the exercise of stock options.
 
Cash Flows from Discontinued Operations
 
Details of cash used by discontinued operations are as follows (millions):
 
                         
    Years Ended December 31,  
    2009     2008     2007  
          (recast)     (recast)  
 
Cash provided by operations from discontinued operations
  $ 1,324     $ 6,268     $ 5,077  
Cash used by investing activities from discontinued operations
    (763 )     (5,213 )     (3,316 )
Cash provided (used) by financing activities from discontinued operations
     (5,255 )      3,983        (988 )
Effect of change in cash and equivalents of discontinued operations
    5,311       (5,200 )     79  
                         
Cash provided (used) by discontinued operations
  $ 617     $ (162 )   $ 852  
                         
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, cash provided (used) by discontinued operations primarily reflected cash activity of TWC and AOL through their separations from the Company on March 12, 2009 and December 9,


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
2009, respectively, and, for the year ended December 31, 2008, it primarily reflects cash activity of TWC and AOL for the entire twelve-month period. The cash used by financing activities from discontinued operations of $5.255 billion for the year ended December 31, 2009 reflects TWC’s payment of the Special Dividend, partially offset by an increase in borrowings. Cash provided by discontinued operations of $617 million in 2009 compared to cash used by discontinued operations of $162 million in 2008 primarily reflected a decline in net investment and acquisition expenditures at AOL.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2008, cash provided by operations from discontinued operations increased to $6.268 billion from $5.077 billion in 2007, primarily reflecting a change in working capital resulting from the timing of payments and cash collections and lower net income taxes paid. Cash used by investing activities from discontinued operations increased to $5.213 billion in 2008 from $3.316 billion in 2007, primarily due to a decrease in proceeds from the sales of assets and an increase in net investments and acquisition expenditures. Cash provided by financing activities from discontinued operations was $3.983 billion in 2008 compared to cash used by financing activities from discontinued operations of $988 million in 2007, due primarily to an increase in net borrowings (i.e., borrowings less repayments). Cash used by discontinued operations of $162 million in 2008 compared to cash provided by discontinued operations of $852 million in 2007 primarily reflected an increase in net investment and acquisition expenditures at AOL.
 
Outstanding Debt and Other Financing Arrangements
 
Outstanding Debt and Committed Financial Capacity
 
At December 31, 2009, Time Warner had total committed capacity, defined as maximum available borrowings under various existing debt arrangements and cash and short-term investments, of $27.246 billion. Of this committed capacity, $11.731 billion was unused and $15.416 billion was outstanding as debt. At December 31, 2009, total committed capacity, outstanding letters of credit, outstanding debt and total unused committed capacity were as follows (millions):
 
                                 
                      Unused
 
    Committed
    Letters of
    Outstanding
    Committed
 
    Capacity(a)     Credit(b)     Debt(c)     Capacity  
 
Cash and equivalents
  $ 4,800     $     $     $ 4,800  
Revolving bank credit agreement and commercial paper program
    6,900       82             6,818  
Fixed-rate public debt
    15,227             15,227        
Other obligations(d)(e)
    319       17       189       113  
                                 
Total
  $  27,246     $  99     $  15,416     $  11,731  
                                 
 
 
(a) The revolving bank credit agreement, commercial paper program and public debt of the Company rank pari passu with the senior debt of the respective obligors thereon. The maturity profile of the Company’s outstanding debt and other financing arrangements is relatively long-term, with a weighted average maturity of 12.3 years as of December 31, 2009.
(b) Represents the portion of committed capacity reserved for outstanding and undrawn letters of credit.
(c) Represents principal amounts adjusted for premiums and discounts.
(d) Includes committed financings by subsidiaries under local bank credit agreements.
(e) Includes debt due within the next twelve months of $59 million that relates to capital lease and other obligations.
 
Amendments to Revolving Facility
 
On March 11, 2009, the Company entered into the first and second amendments to the amended and restated credit agreement (the “Revolving Credit Agreement”) for its senior unsecured five-year revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Facility”). The first amendment terminated the $100 million commitment of Lehman Commercial Paper Inc. (“LCPI”), a subsidiary of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc., which filed a petition for bankruptcy under


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code in September 2008, reducing the committed amount of the Revolving Facility from $7.0 billion to $6.9 billion. The second amendment, among other things, amended the Revolving Credit Agreement to (i) expand the circumstances under which any other lender under the Revolving Facility would become a Defaulting Lender (as defined in the Revolving Credit Agreement, as amended) and (ii) permit Time Warner to terminate the commitment of any such lender on terms substantially similar to those applicable to LCPI under the first amendment to the Revolving Credit Agreement.
 
The funding commitments under the Company’s Revolving Credit Agreement, are provided by a geographically diverse group of over 20 major financial institutions based in countries including the United States, Canada, France, Germany, Japan and the United Kingdom. No institution accounts for more than 9% of the aggregate undrawn loan commitments under this agreement as of December 31, 2009.
 
Repayment and Termination of $2.0 Billion Term Facility
 
On March 17, 2009, the Company used a portion of the proceeds it received from the payment of the Special Dividend to repay in full the $2.0 billion outstanding (plus accrued interest) under its unsecured term loan facility with a maturity date of January 8, 2011 (the “Term Facility”) and terminated the Term Facility. Time Warner did not incur any early termination or prepayment penalties in connection with the termination of the Term Facility.
 
Consent Solicitation
 
On April 15, 2009, the Company completed a solicitation of consents (the “Consent Solicitation”) from the holders of the debt securities (the “Securities”) issued by Time Warner Inc. and its subsidiaries under all of the indentures governing the publicly traded debt securities of the Company and its subsidiaries other than the indenture entered into in November 2006 (other than the 2006 indenture, collectively, the “Indentures”). Completion of the Consent Solicitation resulted in the adoption on April 16, 2009 of certain amendments to each Indenture that provide that certain restrictive covenants will not apply (subject to the concurrent or prior issuance of the guarantee by HBO discussed below) to a conveyance or transfer by Historic AOL LLC of its properties and assets substantially as an entirety, unless such conveyance or transfer constitutes a conveyance or transfer of the properties and assets of the issuer and the guarantors under the relevant Indenture and their respective subsidiaries, taken as a whole, substantially as an entirety. In connection with the AOL Separation, on December 3, 2009, HBO issued a guarantee of the obligations of Historic TW Inc. (“Historic TW”) (including in its capacity as successor to Time Warner Companies, Inc.), whether as issuer or guarantor, under the Indentures and the Securities.
 
Other Financing Arrangements
 
From time to time, the Company enters into various other financing arrangements that provide for the accelerated receipt of cash on certain accounts receivable. The Company employs these arrangements because they have historically provided a cost-efficient form of financing, as well as an added level of diversification of funding sources. For more details, see Note 7 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s other financing arrangements at December 31, 2009 (millions):
 
                         
    Committed Capacity(a)   Outstanding Utilization   Unused Capacity
 
Accounts receivable securitization facilities(b)
  $   805     $   805     $   —  
 
 
(a) Ability to use accounts receivable securitization facilities depends on availability of qualified assets.
(b) For the year ended December 31, 2009, the accounts receivable securitization facilities were accounted for as sales and, accordingly, the accounts receivable sold under these facilities were excluded from receivables in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet. See “Description of Business, Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies — Recent Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted” in the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements for a description of amendments to the guidance to accounting for transfers of financial assets, which became effective for Time Warner on January 1, 2010 and will be applied on a restrospective basis beginning in the first quarter of 2010.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
Additional Information
 
See Note 7 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding the Company’s outstanding debt and other financing arrangements, including certain information about maturities, covenants, rating triggers and bank credit agreement leverage ratios relating to such debt and financing arrangements.
 
Contractual and Other Obligations
 
Contractual Obligations
 
In addition to the previously discussed financing arrangements, the Company has obligations under certain contractual arrangements to make future payments for goods and services. These contractual obligations secure the future rights to various assets and services to be used in the normal course of operations. For example, the Company is contractually committed to make certain minimum lease payments for the use of property under operating lease agreements. In accordance with applicable accounting rules, the future rights and obligations pertaining to firm commitments, such as operating lease obligations and certain purchase obligations under contracts, are not reflected as assets or liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s aggregate contractual obligations at December 31, 2009, and the estimated timing and effect that such obligations are expected to have on the Company’s liquidity and cash flows in future periods (millions):
 
                                         
Contractual Obligations(a)(b)(c)
  Total     2010     2011-2012     2013-2014     Thereafter  
 
Outstanding debt obligations (Note 7)
  $ 15,406     $     $ 4,000     $ 1,300     $ 10,106  
Interest
    14,322       1,088       1,952       1,495       9,787  
Capital lease obligations (Note 7)
    149       21       38       33       57  
Operating lease obligations (Note 15)
    2,732       424       736       650       922  
Purchase obligations
    11,378       3,657       3,723       2,472       1,526  
                                         
Total contractual obligations and outstanding debt
  $ 43,987     $ 5,190     $ 10,449     $ 5,950     $ 22,398  
                                         
 
 
(a) The table does not include the effects of certain put/call or other buy-out arrangements involving certain of the Company’s investees.
(b) The table does not include the Company’s reserve for uncertain tax positions and related accrued interest and penalties, which at December 31, 2009 totaled $2.2 billion, as the specific timing of any cash payments relating to this obligation cannot be projected with reasonable certainty.
(c) The references to Note 7 and Note 15 refer to the notes to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
The following is a description of the Company’s material contractual obligations at December 31, 2009:
 
  •   Outstanding debt obligations — represents the principal amounts due on outstanding debt obligations as of December 31, 2009. Amounts do not include any fair value adjustments, bond premiums, discounts, interest payments or dividends.
 
  •   Interest — represents amounts based on the outstanding debt balances, respective interest rates and maturity schedule of the respective instruments as of December 31, 2009. Interest ultimately paid on these obligations may differ based on changes in interest rates for variable-rate debt, as well as any potential future refinancings entered into by the Company. See Note 7 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for further details.
 
  •   Capital lease obligations — represents the minimum lease payments under noncancelable capital leases, primarily for certain transponder leases at the Networks segment.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
  •   Operating lease obligations — represents the minimum lease payments under noncancelable operating leases, primarily for the Company’s real estate and operating equipment in various locations around the world.
 
  •   Purchase obligations — represents an agreement to purchase goods or services that is enforceable and legally binding on the Company and that specifies all significant terms, including: fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased; fixed, minimum or variable price provisions; and the approximate timing of the transaction. The Company expects to receive consideration (i.e., products or services) for these purchase obligations. The purchase obligation amounts do not represent the entire anticipated purchases in the future, but represent only those items for which the Company is contractually obligated. Additionally, the Company also purchases products and services as needed, with no firm commitment. For this reason, the amounts presented in the table alone do not provide a reliable indicator of the Company’s expected future cash outflows. For purposes of identifying and accumulating purchase obligations, the Company has included all material contracts meeting the definition of a purchase obligation (i.e., legally binding for a fixed or minimum amount or quantity). For those contracts involving a fixed or minimum quantity, but with variable pricing terms, the Company has estimated the contractual obligation based on its best estimate of the pricing that will be in effect at the time the obligation is incurred. Additionally, the Company has included only the obligations represented by those contracts as they existed at December 31, 2009, and did not assume renewal or replacement of the contracts at the end of their respective terms. If a contract includes a penalty for non-renewal, the Company has included that penalty, assuming it will be paid in the period after the contract term expires. If Time Warner can unilaterally terminate an agreement simply by providing a certain number of days notice or by paying a termination fee, the Company has included the amount of the termination fee or the amount that would be paid over the “notice period.” Contracts that can be unilaterally terminated without incurring a penalty have not been included.
 
The following table summarizes the Company’s purchase obligations at December 31, 2009 (millions):
 
                                         
Purchase Obligations
  Total     2010     2011-2012     2013-2014     Thereafter  
 
Network programming obligations(a)
  $ 7,569     $ 1,995     $ 2,418     $ 1,907     $ 1,249  
Creative talent and employment agreements(b)
    1,727       1,000       623       101       3  
Obligations to use certain printing facilities for the production of magazines
    774       190       365       208       11  
Advertising, marketing and sponsorship obligations(c)
    690       281       186       149       74  
Obligations to purchase information technology licenses and services
    27       13       11       3        
Other, primarily general and administrative obligations(d)
    591       178       120       104       189  
                                         
Total purchase obligations
  $ 11,378     $ 3,657     $ 3,723     $ 2,472     $ 1,526  
                                         
 
 
(a) The Networks segment enters into contracts to license sports programming to carry on its television networks. The amounts in the table represent minimum payment obligations to sports leagues (e.g., NBA, NASCAR, MLB) to air the programming over the contract period. The Networks segment also enters into licensing agreements with certain movie studios to acquire the rights to air movies that the movie studios release theatrically. The pricing structures in these contracts differ in that certain agreements can require a fixed amount per movie while others will be based on a percentage of the movie’s box office receipts (with license fees generally capped at specified amounts), or a combination of both. The amounts included in the table represent obligations for movies that have been released theatrically as of December 31, 2009 and are calculated using the actual or estimated box office performance or fixed amounts, as applicable.
(b) The Company’s commitments under creative talent and employment agreements include obligations to executives, actors, producers, authors, and other talent under contractual arrangements, including union contracts and other organizations that represent such creative talent.
 
(c) Advertising, marketing and sponsorship obligations include minimum guaranteed royalty and marketing payments to vendors and content providers, primarily at the Networks and Filmed Entertainment segments.
(d) Other includes obligations related to the Company’s postretirement and unfunded defined benefit pension plans, obligations to purchase general and administrative items and services, construction commitments primarily for the Networks segment, outsourcing commitments primarily for the Filmed Entertainment segment and payments due pursuant to certain interactive technology arrangements.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
Most of the Company’s other long-term liabilities reflected in the consolidated balance sheet have been incorporated in the estimated timing of cash payments provided in the summary of contractual obligations, the most significant of which is an approximate $1.242 billion liability for film licensing obligations. However, certain long-term liabilities and deferred credits have been excluded from the summary because there are no cash outflows associated with them (e.g., deferred revenue) or because the cash outflows associated with them are uncertain or do not represent a purchase obligation as it is used herein (e.g., deferred taxes, participations and royalties, deferred compensation and other miscellaneous items). Contractual capital commitments are also included in the preceding table; however, these commitments represent only a small part of the Company’s expected capital spending in 2010 and beyond. Additionally, minimum pension funding requirements have not been presented, as such amounts have not been determined beyond 2009. The Company did not have a required minimum pension contribution obligation for its funded defined benefit pension plans in 2009.
 
Future Film Licensing Obligations
 
In addition to the purchase obligations previously discussed, the Company has certain future film licensing obligations, which represent studio movie deal commitments to acquire the right to air movies that will be released in the future (i.e., after December 31, 2009). These arrangements do not meet the definition of a purchase obligation since there are neither fixed nor minimum quantities under the arrangements. As future film licensing obligations are significant to its business, the Company has summarized these arrangements below. Given the variability in the terms of these arrangements, significant estimates were involved in the determination of these obligations, including giving consideration to historical box office performance and studio release trends. Actual amounts, once known, could differ significantly from these estimates (millions).
 
                                         
    Total     2010     2011-2012     2013-2014     Thereafter  
 
Future Film Licensing Obligations
  $ 5,211     $ 480     $ 1,525     $ 1,484     $ 1,722  
                                         
 
Contingent Commitments
 
The Company also has certain contractual arrangements that would require it to make payments or provide funding if certain circumstances occur (“contingent commitments”). Contingent commitments include contingent consideration to be paid in connection with acquisitions and put/call arrangements on certain investment transactions, which could require the Company to make payments to acquire certain assets or ownership interests.
 
The following table summarizes separately the Company’s contingent commitments at December 31, 2009. For put/call options where payment obligations are outside the control of the Company, the timing of amounts presented in the table represents the earliest period in which payment could be made. For other contingent commitments, the timing of amounts presented in the table represents when the maximum contingent commitment will expire, but does not mean that the Company expects to incur an obligation to make any payments within that time period. In addition, amounts presented do not reflect the effects of any indemnification rights the Company might possess (millions).
 
                                         
    Total
                         
Nature of Contingent Commitments
  Commitments     2010     2011-2012     2013-2014     Thereafter  
 
Guarantees(a)
  $ 1,589     $ 322     $ 81     $ 172     $ 1,014  
Letters of credit and other contingent commitments
    1,292       152       418       328       394  
                                         
Total contingent commitments
  $ 2,881     $ 474     $ 499     $ 500     $ 1,408  
                                         
 
 
(a) Amounts primarily reflect the Six Flags Guarantee and the guarantee of the AOL Revolving Facility discussed below.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
 
The following is a description of the Company’s contingent commitments at December 31, 2009:
 
  •   Guarantees include guarantees the Company has provided on certain lease and operating commitments entered into by (a) entities formerly owned by the Company including the arrangements described below and (b) ventures in which the Company is or was a venture partner.
 
Six Flags
 
In connection with the Company’s former investment in the Six Flags theme parks located in Georgia and Texas (“Six Flags Georgia” and “Six Flags Texas,” respectively, and, collectively, the “Parks”), in 1997, certain subsidiaries of the Company (including Historic TW) agreed to guarantee (the “Six Flags Guarantee”) certain obligations of the partnerships that hold the Parks (the “Partnerships”) for the benefit of the limited partners in such Partnerships, including the following (the “Guaranteed Obligations”): (a) making a minimum annual distribution to the limited partners of the Partnerships (the minimum was approximately $60.7 million in 2009 and is subject to annual cost of living adjustments); (b) making a minimum amount of capital expenditures each year (an amount approximating 6% of the Parks’ annual revenues); (c) offering each year to purchase 5% of the limited partnership units of the Partnerships (plus any such units not purchased pursuant to such offer in any prior year) based on an aggregate price for all limited partnership units at the higher of (i) $250 million in the case of Six Flags Georgia and $374.8 million in the case of Six Flags Texas (the “Base Valuations”) and (ii) a weighted average multiple of EBITDA for the respective Park over the previous four-year period (the “Cumulative LP Unit Purchase Obligation”); (d) making annual ground lease payments; and (e) either (i) purchasing all of the outstanding limited partnership units through the exercise of a call option upon the earlier of the occurrence of certain specified events and the end of the term of each of the Partnerships in 2027 (Six Flags Georgia) and 2028 (Six Flags Texas) (the “End of Term Purchase”) or (ii) causing each of the Partnerships to have no indebtedness and to meet certain other financial tests as of the end of the term of the Partnership. The aggregate amount payable in connection with an End of Term Purchase option on either Park will be the Base Valuation applicable to such Park, adjusted for changes in the consumer price index from December 1996, in the case of Six Flags Georgia, and December 1997, in the case of Six Flags Texas, through December of the year immediately preceding the year in which the End of Term Purchase occurs, in each case, reduced ratably to reflect limited partnership units previously purchased.
 
In connection with the Company’s 1998 sale of Six Flags Entertainment Corporation (which held the controlling interests in the Parks) to Six Flags, Inc. (formerly Premier Parks Inc.) (“Six Flags”), Six Flags and Historic TW entered into a Subordinated Indemnity Agreement pursuant to which Six Flags agreed to guarantee the performance of the Guaranteed Obligations when due and to indemnify Historic TW, among others, in the event that the Guaranteed Obligations are not performed and the Six Flags Guarantee is called upon. In the event of a default of Six Flags’ obligations under the Subordinated Indemnity Agreement, the Subordinated Indemnity Agreement and related agreements provide, among other things, that Historic TW has the right to acquire control of the managing partner of the Parks. Six Flags’ obligations to Historic TW are further secured by its interest in all limited partnership units that are held by Six Flags. To date, no payments have been made by the Company pursuant to the Six Flags Guarantee.
 
In connection with the TWC Separation, guarantees previously made by Time Warner Entertainment Company, L.P. (“TWE”), a subsidiary of TWC, were terminated and, pursuant to and as required under the original terms of the Six Flags Guarantee, Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. (“WBEI”) became a guarantor. In addition, TWE’s rights and obligations under the Subordinated Indemnity Agreement have been assigned to WBEI. The Company continues to indemnify TWE in connection with any residual exposure of TWE under the Guaranteed Obligations.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
In April 2009, Six Flags received notices from limited partners of the Partnerships to sell limited partnership units with an aggregate price of approximately $66 million. The general partner of the Georgia limited partnership exercised its right to purchase Six Flags Georgia units having a total purchase price of $7 million. The remaining purchase price for limited partnership units in the Parks that were put was funded through $6 million of cash that had been held in escrow to support the Six Flags Guarantee and a loan from a wholly-owned Time Warner subsidiary (TW-SF LLC) of approximately $53 million (the “TW Loan”). The TW Loan was made to SFOG Acquisition A, Inc., a Delaware corporation, SFOG Acquisition B, L.L.C., a Delaware limited liability company, SFOT Acquisition I, Inc., a Delaware corporation and SFOT Acquisition II, Inc., a Delaware corporation (collectively, the “Acquisition Companies”). The TW Loan accrues interest at 14% per annum with a final maturity date of March 15, 2011. Up to $10 million of the TW Loan has been guaranteed by Six Flags. The outstanding principal amount of the TW Loan at December 31, 2009 was approximately $27 million, reflecting payments by the Acquisition Companies during 2009.
 
Taking into account the limited partnership units purchased in 2009, the estimated maximum Cumulative LP Unit Purchase Obligation for 2010 is approximately $300 million. In addition, the aggregate undiscounted estimated future cash flow requirements covered by the Six Flags Guarantee over the remaining term (through 2028) of the agreements are approximately $1.15 billion (for a net present value of approximately $415 million).
 
On June 13, 2009, Six Flags and certain of its subsidiaries filed petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the Bankruptcy Court in Delaware. Six Flags’ fourth amended joint plan of reorganization and disclosure statement has been filed with the Bankruptcy Court and voting on the plan is expected to occur in February 2010. A confirmation hearing on the plan of reorganization is scheduled in March 2010. The plan of reorganization that ultimately becomes effective is expected to result in a significant reduction in debt for Six Flags. The Partnerships holding the Parks and the Acquisition Companies were not included in the debtors reorganization proceedings.
 
In connection with the proposed plan of reorganization of Six Flags, in October 2009, TW-SF LLC agreed to provide the Acquisition Companies a new 5-year multiple draw credit facility of up to $150 million, which the Acquisition Companies would be able to use only to fund their obligations to purchase certain limited partnership units of the Partnerships. The new credit facility, which is subject to a number of conditions precedent, including a final order confirming the plan of reorganization, would be in addition to the existing TW Loan. New loans drawn under the facility would mature 5 years from their respective funding date. Interest will accrue at a rate at least equal to a LIBOR floor of 250 basis points plus a spread of 100 basis points over the applicable margin for a new Six Flags’ senior term credit facility, which will close simultaneously with the closing of this facility.
 
Because the Six Flags Guarantee existed prior to December 31, 2002 and no modifications to the arrangements have been made since the date the guarantee came into existence, the Company is required to continue to account for the Guaranteed Obligations as a contingent liability. Based on its evaluation of the current facts and circumstances surrounding the Guaranteed Obligations and the Subordinated Indemnity Agreement, the Company is unable to predict the loss, if any, that may be incurred under these Guaranteed Obligations and no liability for the arrangements has been recognized at December 31, 2009. Because of the specific circumstances surrounding the arrangements and the fact that no active or observable market exists for this type of financial guarantee, the Company is unable to determine a current fair value for the Guaranteed Obligations and related Subordinated Indemnity Agreement.


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
AOL Revolving Facility
 
In connection with the AOL Separation, AOL entered into a $250 million 364-day senior secured revolving credit facility (the “AOL Revolving Facility”) on December 9, 2009. Time Warner has guaranteed AOL’s obligations under the AOL Revolving Facility in exchange for which AOL is paying Time Warner an ongoing fee, subject to periodic increases, a portion of which varies with the amount of undrawn commitments and the principal amount of AOL’s obligations outstanding under the facility and changes in Time Warner’s senior unsecured long-term debt credit ratings. Also in connection with the AOL Separation, Time Warner agreed to continue to provide credit support for certain AOL lease and trade obligations of approximately $108 million ending on the earlier of December 9, 2011 and 30 days after AOL obtains the right to borrow funds under a permanent credit facility, in exchange for a fee equal to a rate per annum of 4.375% of the outstanding principal amount of such obligations, subject to periodic increases. Since the AOL Separation, AOL has replaced or released Time Warner as the source of the credit support for certain AOL lease and trade obligations or otherwise reduced Time Warner’s credit support obligations. As of February 17, 2010, the amount of credit support provided by Time Warner for AOL lease and trade obligations was $28 million.
 
  •   Generally, letters of credit and surety bonds support performance and payments for a wide range of global contingent and firm obligations including insurance, litigation appeals, import of finished goods, real estate leases and other operational needs. Other contingent commitments primarily include amounts payable representing contingent consideration on certain acquisitions, which if earned would require the Company to pay a portion or all of the contingent amount, and contingent payments for certain put/call arrangements, whereby payments could be made by the Company to acquire assets, such as a venture partner’s interest or a co-financing partner’s interest in one of the Company’s films.
 
  •   On March 12, 2009, TWC borrowed the full committed amount of $1.932 billion under its unsecured term loan credit facility entered into on June 30, 2008 (the “TWC Bridge Facility”), all of which was used by TWC to pay a portion of the Special Dividend. On March 26, 2009, TWC completed an offering of $3.0 billion in aggregate principal amount of debt securities and used a portion of the net proceeds from the offering to prepay in full the outstanding loans and all other amounts due under the TWC Bridge Facility, and the TWC Bridge Facility was terminated in accordance with its terms. Concurrently with the termination of the TWC Bridge Facility and pursuant to the terms of the $1.535 billion credit agreement (the “Supplemental Credit Agreement”) between the Company (as lender) and TWC (as borrower) for a two-year senior unsecured supplemental term loan facility (the “Supplemental Credit Facility”), on March 26, 2009, TWC terminated the commitments of Time Warner under the Supplemental Credit Facility, and the Supplemental Credit Agreement was terminated in accordance with its terms.
 
Except as otherwise discussed above or below, Time Warner does not guarantee the debt of any of its investments accounted for using the equity method of accounting.
 
Programming Licensing Backlog
 
Programming licensing backlog represents the amount of future revenues not yet recorded from cash contracts for the licensing of theatrical and television product for pay cable, basic cable, network and syndicated television exhibition. Because backlog generally relates to contracts for the licensing of theatrical and television product that have already been produced, the recognition of revenue for such completed product is principally dependent on the commencement of the availability period for telecast under the terms of the related licensing agreement. Cash licensing fees are collected periodically over the term of the related licensing agreements. Backlog was approximately $4.5 billion and $4.1 billion at December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively. Included in these amounts is licensing of film product from the Filmed Entertainment segment to the Networks segment in the amount of $1.1 billion and $967 million at December 31, 2009 and December 31,


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
2008, respectively. Backlog excludes filmed entertainment advertising barter contracts, which are also expected to result in the future realization of revenues and cash through the sale of the advertising spots received under such contracts to third parties.
 
Customer Credit Risk
 
Customer credit risk represents the potential for financial loss if a customer is unwilling or unable to meet its agreed upon contractual payment obligations. Credit risk in the Company’s businesses originates from sales of various products or services and is dispersed among many different counterparties. At December 31, 2009, no single customer had a receivable balance greater than 5% of total receivables. The Company’s exposure to customer credit risk is largely concentrated in the following categories (amounts presented below are net of reserves and allowances):
 
  •     Various retailers for home video product of approximately $660 million;
  •     Various cable and broadcast TV network operators for licensed TV and film product of approximately $1.9 billion;
  •     Various magazine wholesalers related to the distribution of publishing product of approximately $100 million;
  •     Various cable, satellite and telephone companies for the distribution of television programming services of approximately $1.1 billion; and
  •     Various advertisers and advertising agencies related to advertising services of approximately $1.1 billion.
 
Customer credit risk is monitored on a company-wide basis, as well as monitored and managed at each business. In managing customer credit risk, each division maintains a comprehensive approval process prior to issuing credit to third-party customers. On an ongoing basis, the Company tracks customer exposure based on news reports, ratings agency information and direct dialogue with customers. Counterparties that are determined to be of a higher risk are evaluated to assess whether the payment terms previously granted to them should be modified. The Company also continuously monitors payment levels from customers, and a provision for estimated uncollectible amounts is maintained based on historical experience and any specific customer collection issues that have been identified. While such uncollectible amounts have historically not been material and have been within the Company’s expectations and related reserve balances, if there is a significant change in uncollectible amounts in the future or the financial condition of the Company’s counterparties across various industries or geographies deteriorates beyond the Company’s historical experience, additional reserves may be required.
 
MARKET RISK MANAGEMENT
 
Market risk is the potential gain/loss arising from changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and changes in the market value of financial instruments.
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
Time Warner has issued fixed-rate debt that, at December 31, 2009, had an outstanding balance of $15.227 billion and an estimated fair value of $16.976 billion. Based on Time Warner’s fixed-rate debt obligations outstanding at December 31, 2009, a 25 basis point increase or decrease in the level of interest rates would, respectively, decrease or increase the fair value of the fixed-rate debt by approximately $308 million. Such potential increases or decreases are based on certain simplifying assumptions, including a constant level of fixed-rate debt and an immediate, across-the-board increase or decrease in the level of interest rates with no other subsequent changes for the remainder of the period.
 
Time Warner has issued variable-rate debt that, at December 31, 2009, had an outstanding balance of $36 million. Based on Time Warner’s variable-rate obligations outstanding at December 31, 2009, each 25 basis point increase or decrease in the level of interest rates would, respectively, increase or decrease Time


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
Warner’s annual interest expense and related cash payments by an insignificant amount. Such potential increases or decreases are based on certain simplifying assumptions, including a constant level of variable-rate debt for all maturities and an immediate, across-the-board increase or decrease in the level of interest rates with no other subsequent changes for the remainder of the period. Similarly, since almost all of the Company’s cash balance of $4.800 billion is invested in variable-rate interest-earning assets, the Company would also earn more (less) interest income due to such an increase (decrease) in interest rates.
 
From time to time, the Company may use interest rate swaps or other similar derivative financial instruments to hedge the fair value of its fixed-rate obligations or the future cash flows of its variable-rate obligations. At December 31, 2009, there were no interest rate swaps or other similar derivative financial instruments outstanding.
 
Foreign Currency Risk
 
Time Warner uses foreign exchange contracts primarily to hedge the risk that unremitted or future royalties and license fees owed to Time Warner domestic companies for the sale or anticipated sale of U.S. copyrighted products abroad may be adversely affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Similarly, the Company enters into foreign exchange contracts to hedge certain film production costs abroad as well as other transactions, assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency. As part of its overall strategy to manage the level of exposure to the risk of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, Time Warner hedges a portion of its foreign currency exposures anticipated over the calendar year. The hedging period for royalties and license fees covers revenues expected to be recognized during the calendar year; however, there is often a lag between the time that revenue is recognized and the transfer of foreign-denominated cash back into U.S. dollars. To hedge this exposure, Time Warner uses foreign exchange contracts that generally have maturities of three months to eighteen months and provide continuing coverage throughout the hedging period. At December 31, 2009 and 2008, Time Warner had contracts for the sale of $2.320 billion and $1.840 billion, respectively, and the purchase of $1.762 billion and $2.234 billion, respectively, of foreign currencies at fixed rates. The following provides a summary of foreign currency contracts by currency (millions):
 
                                 
    December 31, 2009     December 31, 2008  
    Sales     Purchases     Sales     Purchases  
                (recast)     (recast)  
 
British pound
  $ 684     $ 519     $ 682     $ 1,027  
Euro
    482       243       402       332  
Canadian dollar
    484       338       311       265  
Australian dollar
    331       419       199       315  
Other
    339       243       246       295  
                                 
Total
  $ 2,320     $ 1,762     $ 1,840     $ 2,234  
                                 
 
Based on the foreign exchange contracts outstanding at December 31, 2009, a 10% devaluation of the U.S. dollar as compared to the level of foreign exchange rates for currencies under contract at December 31, 2009 would result in approximately $56 million of net unrealized losses. Conversely, a 10% appreciation of the U.S. dollar would result in approximately $56 million of net unrealized gains. For a hedge of forecasted royalty or license fees denominated in a foreign currency, consistent with the nature of the economic hedge provided by such foreign exchange contracts, such unrealized gains or losses largely would be offset by corresponding decreases or increases, respectively, in the dollar value of future foreign currency royalty and license fee payments that would be received in cash within the hedging period from the sale of U.S. copyrighted products abroad. See Note 13 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for additional discussion.
 
Equity Risk
 
The Company is exposed to market risk as it relates to changes in the market value of its investments. The Company invests in equity instruments of public and private companies for operational and strategic business


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
purposes. These securities are subject to significant fluctuations in fair market value due to the volatility of the stock market and the industries in which the companies operate. During 2009, the Company recorded $73 million of impairments related to equity instruments. At December 31, 2009, these securities, which are classified in Investments, including available-for-sale securities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet, included $280 million of investments accounted for using the equity method of accounting, $323 million of cost-method investments, primarily relating to equity interests in privately held businesses, and $578 million of fair value investments, including $544 million of investments related to the Company’s deferred compensation program, $33 million of investments in unrestricted public equity securities held for purposes other than trading and $1 million of equity derivative instruments.
 
The potential loss in fair value resulting from a 10% adverse change in the prices of the Company’s available-for-sale securities and equity derivative instruments would be approximately $3 million. While Time Warner has recognized all declines that are believed to be other-than-temporary, it is reasonably possible that individual investments in the Company’s portfolio may experience an other-than-temporary decline in value in the future if the underlying investee company experiences poor operating results or if the U.S. equity markets experience future broad declines in value. See Note 4 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for additional discussion.
 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP, which requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Management considers an accounting policy to be critical if it is important to the Company’s financial condition and results of operations, and if it requires significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in its application. The development and selection of these critical accounting policies have been determined by the management of Time Warner and the related disclosures have been reviewed with the Audit and Finance Committee of the Board of Directors. The Company considers policies relating to the following matters to be critical accounting policies:
 
  •     Impairment of Goodwill and Identifiable Intangible Assets;
  •     Multiple-Element Transactions;
  •     Income Taxes;
  •     Film Cost Recognition and Impairments;
  •     Gross versus Net Revenue Recognition; and
  •     Sales Returns, Pricing Rebates and Uncollectible Accounts.
 
For a discussion of each of the Company’s critical accounting policies, including information and analysis of estimates and assumptions involved in their application, and other significant accounting policies, see Note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
CAUTION CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This document contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Forward-looking statements often include words such as “anticipates,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes” and words and terms of similar substance in connection with discussions of future operating or financial performance. Examples of forward-looking statements in this document include, but are not limited to, statements regarding the adequacy of the Company’s liquidity to meet its needs for the foreseeable future, the incurrence of additional restructuring charges in 2010, pension expenses in 2010, capital spending in 2010 and beyond, contributions to benefit plans in 2010, the Company’s international expansion plans and changes to existing reserves related to uncertain tax positions.
 
The Company’s forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions regarding the Company’s business and performance, the economy and other future conditions and forecasts of


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TIME WARNER INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION – (Continued)
 
future events, circumstances and results. As with any projection or forecast, they are inherently susceptible to uncertainty and changes in circumstances. The Company’s actual results may differ materially from those set forth in its forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause the Company’s actual results to differ materially from those in its forward-looking statements include government regulation, economic, strategic, political and social conditions and the following factors.
 
  •     recent and future changes in technology, services and standards, including, but not limited to, alternative methods for the delivery and storage of digital media and the maturation of the standard definition DVD format;
  •     changes in consumer behavior, including changes in spending or saving behavior and changes in when, where and how they consume digital media;
  •     changes in the Company’s plans, initiatives and strategies, and consumer acceptance thereof;
  •     changes in advertising expenditures due to, among other things, the shift of advertising expenditures from traditional to digital media, pressure from public interest groups, changes in laws and regulations and other societal, political, technological and regulatory developments;
  •     competitive pressures, including, as a result of audience fragmentation;
  •     the popularity of the Company’s content;
  •     piracy and the Company’s ability to protect its content and intellectual property rights;
  •     lower than expected valuations associated with the cash flows and revenues at Time Warner’s segments, which could result in Time Warner’s inability to realize the value of recorded intangibles and goodwill at those segments;
  •     the Company’s ability to deal effectively with an economic slowdown or other economic or market difficulty;
  •     decreased liquidity in the capital markets, including any reduction in the Company’s ability to access the capital markets for debt securities or obtain bank financings on acceptable terms;
  •     the effects of any significant acquisitions, dispositions and other similar transactions by the Company;
  •     the failure to meet earnings expectations;
  •     the adequacy of the Company’s risk management framework;
  •     changes in applicable accounting policies;
  •     the impact of terrorist acts, hostilities, natural disasters and pandemic viruses;
  •     changes in tax laws; and
  •     the other risks and uncertainties detailed in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this document.
 
Any forward-looking statements made by the Company in this document speak only as of the date on which they are made. The Company is under no obligation to, and expressly disclaims any obligation to, update or alter its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, subsequent events or otherwise.


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TIME WARNER INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
                 
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009     2008  
          (recast)  
 
ASSETS
Current assets
               
Cash and equivalents
  $ 4,800     $ 1,099  
Receivables, less allowances of $2,253 and $2,229
    5,111       5,171  
Inventories
    1,779       1,842  
Deferred income taxes
    670       565  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    647       730  
Current assets of discontinued operations
          7,215  
                 
Total current assets
    13,007       16,622  
Noncurrent inventories and film costs
    5,777       5,339  
Investments, including available-for-sale securities
    1,181       1,027  
Property, plant and equipment, net
    3,963       4,105  
Intangible assets subject to amortization, net
    3,068       3,195  
Intangible assets not subject to amortization
    7,836       7,728  
Goodwill
    29,795       30,267  
Other assets
    1,103       1,202  
Noncurrent assets of discontinued operations
          44,574  
                 
Total assets
  $ 65,730     $ 114,059  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities
               
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  $ 7,897     $ 7,779  
Deferred revenue
    786       872  
Debt due within one year
    59       2,041  
Current liabilities of discontinued operations
    23       3,447  
                 
Total current liabilities
    8,765       14,139  
Long-term debt
    15,357       19,855  
Deferred income taxes
    1,598       1,161  
Deferred revenue
    269       266  
Other noncurrent liabilities
    6,015       6,719  
Noncurrent liabilities of discontinued operations
          26,249  
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 15)
               
Equity
               
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 1.634 billion and 1.630 billion shares issued and 1.157 billion and 1.196 billion shares outstanding
    16       16  
Paid-in-capital
    158,129       169,564  
Treasury stock, at cost (477 million and 434 million shares)
    (27,034 )     (25,836 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net
    (580 )     (1,676 )
Accumulated deficit
    (97,148 )     (99,780 )
                 
Total Time Warner Inc. shareholders’ equity
    33,383       42,288  
                 
Noncontrolling interests (including $0 and $3,030 attributable to discontinued operations)
    343       3,382  
                 
Total equity
    33,726       45,670  
                 
Total liabilities and equity
  $ 65,730     $ 114,059  
                 
 
See accompanying notes.


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TIME WARNER INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
Years Ended December 31,
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
                         
    2009     2008     2007  
          (recast)     (recast)  
 
Revenues:
                       
Subscription
  $ 8,859     $ 8,397     $ 7,838  
Advertising
    5,161       5,798       5,731  
Content
    11,020       11,435       11,709  
Other
    745       886       933  
                         
Total revenues
    25,785       26,516       26,211  
Costs of revenues
    (14,438 )     (14,953 )     (15,393 )
Selling, general and administrative
    (6,153 )     (6,692 )     (6,203 )
Amortization of intangible assets
    (319 )     (356 )     (306 )
Restructuring costs
    (212 )     (327 )     (114 )
Asset impairments
    (85 )     (7,213 )     (34 )
Gain (loss) on sale of assets
    (33 )     (3 )     6  
                         
Operating income (loss)
    4,545       (3,028 )     4,167  
Interest expense, net
    (1,155 )     (1,325 )     (1,412 )
Other loss, net
    (107 )     (44 )     (9 )
                         
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
    3,283       (4,397 )     2,746  
Income tax provision
    (1,194 )     (692 )     (859 )
                         
Income (loss) from continuing operations
    2,089       (5,089 )     1,887  
Discontinued operations, net of tax
    428       (9,559 )     2,740  
                         
Net income (loss)
    2,517       (14,648 )     4,627  
Less Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
    (49 )     1,246       (240 )
                         
Net income (loss) attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders
  $ 2,468     $ (13,402 )   $ 4,387  
                         
Amounts attributable to Time Warner Inc. shareholders:
                       
Income (loss) from continuing operations
  $ 2,079     $ (5,094 )   $ 1,889  
Discontinued operations, net of tax
    389       (8,308 )     2,498  
                         
Net income (loss)
  $ 2,468     $ (13,402 )   $ 4,387  
                         
Per share information attributable to Time Warner Inc. common shareholders:
                       
Basic income (loss) per common share from continuing operations
  $ 1.75     $ (4.27 )   $ 1.52  
Discontinued operations
    0.33       (6.96 )     2.02  
                         
Basic net income (loss) per common share
  $ 2.08     $ (11.23 )   $ 3.54  
                         
Average basic common shares outstanding
    1,184.0       1,194.2       1,239.6  
                         
Diluted income (loss) per common share from continuing operations
  $ 1.74     $ (4.27 )   $ 1.51  
Discontinued operations
    0.33       (6.96 )     1.99  
                         
Diluted net income (loss) per common share
  $ 2.07     $ (11.23 )   $ 3.50  
                         
Average diluted common shares outstanding
    1,195.1       1,194.2       1,254.0  
                         
Cash dividends declared per share of common stock
  $ 0.750     $ 0.750     $ 0.705  
                         
 
See accompanying notes.


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TIME WARNER INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
Years Ended December 31,
(millions)
 
                         
    2009     2008     2007  
          (recast)     (recast)  
 
OPERATIONS
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 2,517     $ (14,648 )   $ 4,627  
Less Discontinued operations, net of tax
    428       (9,559 )     2,740  
                         
Net income (loss) from continuing operations
    2,089       (5,089 )     1,887  
Adjustments for noncash and nonoperating items:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
    998       1,026       932  
Amortization of film and television costs
    6,623       5,891       6,076  
Asset impairments
    85       7,213       34  
(Gain) loss on investments and other assets, net
    49       52       (79 )
Equity in losses of investee companies, net of cash distributions
    68       27       49  
Equity-based compensation
    175       192       195  
Deferred income taxes
    341       407       1,296  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
                       
Receivables
    314       1,149       (925 )
Inventories and film costs
    (6,898 )     (5,766 )     (6,045 )
Accounts payable and other liabilities
    (929 )     (816 )     544  
Other changes
    470       (222 )     (568 )
                         
Cash provided by operations from continuing operations(a)
    3,385       4,064       3,396  
                         
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
                       
Investments in available-for-sale securities
    (4 )     (19 )     (94 )
Investments and acquisitions, net of cash acquired
    (745 )     (713 )     (551 )
Capital expenditures
    (561 )     (684 )     (716 )
Investment proceeds from available-for-sale securities
    50       13       36  
Proceeds from the Special Dividend paid by Time Warner Cable Inc. 
    9,253              
Other investment proceeds
    249       131       623  
                         
Cash provided (used) by investing activities from continuing operations
    8,242       (1,272 )     (702 )
                         
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
                       
Borrowings
    3,583       33,184       6,302  
Debt repayments
    (10,051 )     (34,731 )     (3,272 )
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    56       134       521  
Excess tax benefit on stock options
    1       3       71  
Principal payments on capital leases
    (20 )     (17 )     (16 )
Repurchases of common stock
    (1,158 )     (332 )     (6,231 )
Dividends paid
    (897 )     (901 )     (871 )
Other financing activities
    (57 )     (4 )     (4 )
                         
Cash used by financing activities from continuing operations
    (8,543 )     (2,664 )     (3,500 )
                         
Cash provided (used) by continuing operations
    3,084       128       (806 )
                         
Cash provided by operations from discontinued operations
    1,324       6,268       5,077  
Cash used by investing activities from discontinued operations
    (763 )     (5,213 )     (3,316 )
Cash provided (used) by financing activities from discontinued operations
    (5,255 )     3,983       (988 )
Effect of change in cash and equivalents of discontinued operations
    5,311       (5,200 )     79  
                         
Cash provided (used) by discontinued operations
    617       (162 )     852  
                         
INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND EQUIVALENTS(b)
    3,701       (34 )     46  
CASH AND EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
    1,099       1,133       1,087  
                         
CASH AND EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
  $ 4,800     $ 1,099     $ 1,133  
                         
 
 
(a) 2009, 2008 and 2007 reflect $30 million, $21 million and $912 million, respectively, in payments, net of recoveries, related to securities litigation and government investigations.
(b) The effect of foreign currency exchange rate changes on cash flows for any period has not been significant, and, as a result, is not separately disclosed.
 
See accompanying notes.


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TIME WARNER INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY
Years Ended December 31,
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
                                                         
    Time Warner Shareholders’              
                      Retained
                   
                      Earnings
                   
    Common
    Paid-In
    Treasury
    (Accumulated
          Noncontrolling
    Total
 
    Stock     Capital     Stock     Deficit)     Total     Interests     Equity  
 
BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2006
  $ 15     $ 170,774     $ (19,140 )   $ (91,260 )   $ 60,389     $ 4,039     $ 64,428  
Net income
                      4,387       4,387       240       4,627  
Foreign currency translation adjustments
                      290       290       2       292  
Change in unfunded benefit obligation
                      2       2       (7 )     (5 )
Change in realized and unrealized losses on derivative financial instruments
                      (7 )     (7 )           (7 )
                                                         
Comprehensive income
                      4,672       4,672       235       4,907  
Cash dividends
          (871 )                 (871 )           (871 )
Common stock repurchases(a)
          (211 )     (6,373 )           (6,584 )           (6,584 )
Impact of adopting new accounting pronouncements(b)
          12             374       386       13       399  
Noncontrolling interests of acquired businesses
                                  35       35  
Amounts related primarily to stock options and restricted stock
    1       559       (13 )     (3 )     544             544  
                                                         
BALANCE AT DECEMBER 31, 2007
  $ 16     $ 170,263     $ (25,526 )   $ (86,217 )   $ 58,536     $ 4,322     $ 62,858  
                                                         
Net loss
                      (13,402 )     (13,402 )     (1,246 )     (14,648 )
Foreign currency translation adjustments