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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-Q


QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 
   
For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2002   Commission File No. 000-21429

ArQule, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Delaware
(State of Incorporation)
  04-3221586
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

19 Presidential Way, Woburn, Massachusetts 01801
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(781) 994-0300
(Registrant's Telephone Number, including Area Code)


        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

        Number of shares outstanding of the registrant's Common Stock as of August 9, 2002:

 
   
Common Stock, par value $.01   21,231,434 shares outstanding




ArQule, Inc.
Quarter Ended June 30, 2002


Table of Contents

 
  Page
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION    

Item 1 — Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet June 30, 2002 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2001

 

4
 
Consolidated Statement of Operations (Unaudited) Three and six months ended
June 30, 2002 and 2001

 

5
 
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows (Unaudited) Three and six months ended
June 30, 2002 and 2001

 

6
 
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

 

7
 
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

9

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

14

Signatures

 

16

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        This report contains forward-looking statements reflecting management's current expectations regarding the Company's future performance. These statements can generally be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as "believe," "expect," "plan," "intend," "may," "will," "should," "anticipate," or similar words and phrases. Forward-looking statements reflect management's current expectations, which are based on certain assumptions regarding revenue growth and profitability, the progress of product development efforts under collaborative agreements, execution of new collaborative agreements, development of technology invented in-house and acquired from Camitro Corporation and elsewhere, and other factors relating to the Company's growth. Such expectations may not materialize. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated if, among other things, product development efforts are delayed or suspended, negotiations with potential collaborators are delayed or unsuccessful, or if other assumptions prove to be incorrect. For a complete description of risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from management's current expectations, please refer to the Company's annual report on Form 10-K filed on March 27, 2002. ArQule will not update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that occur after the date of that report, except as may be required by law.

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ArQule, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheet (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share data)

 
  June 30,
2002

  December 31,
2001

 
ASSETS              
Current Assets:              
  Cash and cash equivalents   $ 70,192   $ 43,260  
  Marketable securities     15,807     51,070  
  Accounts receivable     1,589     1,772  
  Accounts receivable—related party         820  
  Inventory     724     625  
  Prepaid expenses and other current assets     2,158     1,440  
   
 
 
    Total current assets     90,470     98,987  
  Property and equipment, net     53,725     54,018  
  Non-current marketable securities     3,355     3,672  
  Intangible assets     18,824     20,511  
  Goodwill     25,889     25,889  
  Other assets     5,281     5,398  
   
 
 
    $ 197,544   $ 208,475  
   
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY              
Current liabilities:              
  Accounts payable and accrued expenses   $ 6,896   $ 7,515  
  Current portion of long-term debt     7,500     7,500  
  Deferred revenue     12,100     14,494  
  Deferred revenue related party     263     113  
   
 
 
    Total current liabilities     26,759     29,622  
   
 
 
Long term debt     7,950     11,700  
Deferred revenue     6,429     414  
   
 
 
    Total liabilities     41,138     41,736  
   
 
 
Stockholders' Equity:              
  Common stock, $0.01 par value; 50,000,000 Shares authorized; 21,230,305 and 21,116,419 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2002 and December 31, 2001, respectively     212     211  
  Additional paid-in capital     243,427     242,776  
  Accumulated deficit     (85,013 )   (71,710 )
  Deferred compensation     (2,210 )   (4,509 )
  Accumulated other comprehensive income     (10 )   (29 )
   
 
 
    Total stockholders' equity     156,406     166,739  
   
 
 
    $ 197,544   $ 208,475  
   
 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

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ArQule, Inc.
Consolidated Statement of Operations (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data)

 
  Three Months Ended
June 30,

  Six Months Ended
June 30,

 
 
  2002
  2001
  2002
  2001
 
Revenue:                          
  Compound development revenue   $ 15,981   $ 12,476   $ 29,233   $ 24,761  
  Compound development revenue—related parties     250     1,196     966     2,852  
   
 
 
 
 
    Total revenue     16,231     13,672     30,199     27,613  
   
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses                          
  Cost of revenue     8,599     5,037     16,655     9,230  
  Cost of revenue—related parties     200     1,644     420     3,982  
  Research and development     8,165     6,854     16,371     12,742  
  Marketing, general and administrative     3,160     3,074     6,824     5,594  
  Stock-based compensation     480     1,925     2,190     3,241  
  Amortization of intangibles     843     1,210     1,687     1,426  
  Amortization of goodwill         711         1,776  
  In-process research and development                 18,000  
   
 
 
 
 
    Total costs and expenses     21,447     20,455     44,147     55,991  
   
 
 
 
 
    Loss from operations     (5,216 )   (6,783 )   (13,948 )   (28,378 )
Net investment income     288     662     644     2,001  
   
 
 
 
 
    Net loss   $ (4,928 ) $ (6,121 ) $ (13,304 ) $ (26,377 )
   
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted loss per share   $ (0.23 ) $ (0.31 ) $ (0.63 ) $ (1.35 )
   
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
—Basic and diluted
    21,155     20,030     21,123     19,548  
   
 
 
 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

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ArQule, Inc.
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(In thousands)

 
  Six Months Ended
June 30,

 
 
  2002
  2001
 
Cash flows from operating activities:              
  Net loss   $ (13,304 ) $ (26,377 )
Adjustment to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:              
    Depreciation and amortization     4,796     4,126  
    Amortization of deferred compensation     2,299     3,404  
    Amortization of goodwill and purchased intangibles     1,687     3,202  
    Purchase of in-process research and development         18,000  
    Changes in operating assets and liabilities:              
      Accounts receivable     1,003     (412 )
      Inventory     (99 )   (119 )
      Prepaid expenses and other current assets     (718 )   (89 )
      Other assets     117     1,657  
      Accounts payable and accrued expenses     (619 )   (3,093 )
      Deferred revenue     3,772     (2,413 )
   
 
 
Net cash used in operating activities     (1,066 )   (2,114 )
   
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:              
    Purchases of available-for-sale securities     (15,695 )   (23,962 )
    Proceeds from sale or maturity of available-for-sale marketable securities     51,244     27,186  
    Acquisitions, net of cash acquired         (1,598 )
    Purchase of property and equipment     (4,503 )   (24,035 )
   
 
 
      Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities     31,046     (22,409 )
   
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:              
    Principal payments of capital lease obligation         (1,179 )
    Borrowings of long term debt         16,000  
    Principal repayments of long-term debt     (3,750 )   (3,750 )
    Proceeds from issuance of common stock     652     982  
   
 
 
      Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities     (3,098 )   12,053  
   
 
 
    Effect of foreign exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents     50      
   
 
 
    Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents     26,932     (12,470 )
    Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period     43,260     86,079  
   
 
 
    Cash and cash equivalents, end of period   $ 70,192   $ 73,609  
   
 
 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash activity:

        Net assets and liabilities assumed in Camitro acquisition, see Note 4.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

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ArQule, Inc.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1.
Organization and Nature of Operations

        ArQule, Inc. ("ArQule" or the "Company") is engaged in the discovery, development and production of novel chemical compounds primarily for the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. The Company's operations are focused on the integration of high throughput automated chemistry, structure-guided rational drug design, computational and predictive models of drug-like compound characteristics and other proprietary technologies which automate the process of chemical synthesis to produce arrays of novel small organic chemical compounds used to generate and optimize drug development and product development candidates. The Company is subject to risks common to companies in the biotechnology, medical device and diagnostic industries, included, but not limited to, development by the Company or its competitors of new technological innovations, dependence on key personnel, protection of proprietary technology, and compliance with government regulations.

2.
Basis of Presentation

        The Company has prepared the accompanying consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to these rules and regulations. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited financial statements and footnotes related thereto for the year ended December 31, 2001 included in ArQule's annual report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2002. The unaudited consolidated financial statements include, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the Company's financial position as of June 30, 2002, and the results of its operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2002 and 2001. The results of operations for such interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be achieved for the full year.

3.
New Accounting Pronouncement

        The Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 142 Goodwill and other Intangible Assets ("SFAS 142"), in January 2002. Prior to the adoption, the carrying amount of goodwill was $25.9 million. The Company has concluded that it currently has one reporting unit and has assigned the entire balance of goodwill to this reporting unit for purposes of performing a transitional impairment test as of January 1, 2002. The fair value of the reporting unit was determined using the Company's market capitalization as of January 2, 2002. The fair value on January 2, 2002 exceeded the net assets of the reporting unit, including goodwill. Accordingly, the Company concluded that no impairment existed as of that date. If ArQule did not implement the provisions of FAS 142 for goodwill, amortization expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2002 would have been $1.1 million and $2.2 million, respectively. Pursuant to FAS 142, ArQule will test for goodwill impairment at least annually and record an impairment charge if required.

4.
Camitro Corporation

        On January 29, 2001, ArQule acquired Camitro Corporation; a privately held predictive modeling company based in Menlo Park, California in a transaction accounted for as a purchase business combination. The merger transaction was valued at $84.3 million based on the Company's share price on the measurement date for the merger. Approximately $18 million of the purchase price represents the estimated fair value of the purchased in-process research and development ("IPR&D") that had not yet reached technological feasibility and had no alternative future use. Accordingly, this amount was immediately expensed in the consolidated statement of operations upon the acquisition date. The

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value assigned to IPR&D technology reflected the fair value of the initial suite of ADMET (absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, toxicity) models and the upgrade suite of ADME models at the time of the merger.

5.
Redwood City Lease

        In connection with ArQule's acquisition of Camitro Corporation on January 29, 2001, ArQule assumed Camitro's existing lease for approximately 25,000 square feet of office space in Menlo Park, California, which will expire on September 30, 2002. Prior to expiration, the Company has the option to renew this lease for a term of 18 months, which the Company has elected not to exercise. The Company's lease payments are $46,282 per month. Effective March 2002, the Company entered into an eight-year lease with Pacific Shores Centers LLC for approximately 34,000 square feet of laboratory and office space in Redwood City, California. The Company expects to take occupancy in September 2002. The base lease payment, the first of which will be made in September 2002, will be approximately $75,823 per month, subject to annual escalation provisions. ArQule has the option to renew for an additional three-year term at the greater of the September 2010 rental rate or the then fair market value.

6.
Loss Per Share

        The computation of basic and diluted loss per common share are based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and potentially dilutive securities. Potentially dilutive securities include stock options and warrants. Options to purchase 4,005,799 and 3,130,297 shares of common stock were not included in the June 30, 2002 and June 30, 2001 computations of diluted net loss per share, respectively, because inclusion of such shares would have an anti-dilutive effect on net loss per share.

7.
Contingencies

        ArQule leases approximately 56,000 square feet of laboratory and office space in Medford, Massachusetts, the majority of which is utilized for the Pfizer collaboration. The Company leases these facilities from Cummings Properties, LLC ("Cummings") under two lease agreements, one of which expires on July 30, 2005 and one of which expires on July 30, 2006. The Company subleases portions of these facilities pursuant to three sublease agreements.

        On August 1, 2001, Cummings significantly raised ArQule's rent on the lease that expires July 30, 2006. The Company believes this increase to be in excess of rates that are permissible under the lease agreement. Accordingly, on January 16, 2001, the Company brought a complaint for declaratory relief and damages against Cummings arising, in part, out of Cummings' attempts to increase the lease rates. Nevertheless, during the pendency of this dispute, the Company is paying the rental rates proposed by Cummings. The Company seeks recovery of the funds that it has already paid, and is paying, under protest. The Company has accrued the difference between its estimate of market rates rent and amounts due under the subleases for the leased space not occupied. If the amount of rent the Company must pay is in excess of its current estimate of market rents, the Company will need to recognize additional expense.

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ArQule, Inc.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
and Results of Operation

OVERVIEW

        ArQule, Inc. ("ArQule" or the "Company") is engaged in the production and development of novel chemical compounds with commercial potential in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. The Company primarily manufactures arrays of synthesized compounds for delivery to its customers for use in lead compound generation and lead compound optimization activities. In addition, the Company has established a number of joint drug discovery programs with biotechnology companies and academic institutions, and is pursuing a limited number of its own internal drug discovery programs.

        ArQule primarily generates revenue through its collaborative agreements for production and delivery of compound arrays and other research and development services. Under some of these collaborative agreements, the Company is also entitled to receive milestone and royalty payments if the customer develops products resulting from the collaboration. To date, the Company has received two milestone payments and no royalty payments. In addition, the Company has not yet realized any significant revenue from its joint discovery programs with biotechnology companies and academic institutions, or from its internal drug discovery programs. While the Company expects revenue to increase in 2002 from increased production and services provided from under the collaboration agreement with Pfizer, Inc. discussed below, its financial performance may vary from expectations, including quarterly variations in performance, because levels of revenue are dependent on expanding or continuing existing collaborations, entering into additional corporate collaborations, receiving future milestones and royalty payments, and realizing value from ongoing drug discovery programs, all of which are difficult to anticipate. See the discussion of the Company's revenue recognition policy in the Critical Accounting Policies contained in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K filed on March 27, 2002.

        The Company will continue to invest in technologies that enhance and expand its capabilities in drug discovery. These continued investments in technology are intended to enhance the novelty, diversity, and medical relevance of its compound arrays and to augment the power and scope of its chemistry and predictive modeling capabilities. In addition to investments in technology, the Company may invest in internal lead optimization programs with the goal of delivering clinical candidates. Investments of this nature may result in near term earnings fluctuations or impact the magnitude of profitability or loss.

        The Company has incurred a cumulative net loss of $85 million from inception through June 30, 2002. Losses have resulted principally from costs incurred in research and development activities related to efforts to develop technologies and from the associated administrative costs required to support those efforts. While the Company was profitable in fiscal year 2000, it was not profitable in 2001 and does not expect to be profitable in 2002. The Company's ability to achieve sustained profitability is dependent on a number of factors, including its ability to perform pursuant to collaborations at the expected cost, its ability to expand or continue existing collaborations, the timing of additional investments in technology and the realization of value from the development and commercialization of products in which it has an economic interest, all of which are difficult to predict.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

        Three months ("Q2") and six months ended June 30, 2002 and 2001

Revenue

 
   
   
  increase/(decrease)
 
 
  2002
  2001
  $
  %
 
 
   
  (in millions)

   
 
For the three months ended June 30:                        
  Revenue   $ 16.2   $ 13.7   $ 2.5   19 %
For the six months ended June 30:                        
  Revenue   $ 30.2   $ 27.6   $ 2.6   9 %

        Total revenue in Q2 2002 was $16.2 million, an increase of $2.5 million, or 19%, from $13.7 million in Q2 2001. For the six months ended June 30, 2002, total revenue was $30.2 million, an increase of $2.6 million, or 9%, from $27.6 million in the same period one year ago. The increases are due to increased Custom Array library revenues from the new Pfizer, Inc. agreement, partially offset by decreases in revenue from Wyeth, Bayer AG, Johnson and Johnson and Sankyo.

Cost of revenue/Gross margin percentage of revenue

 
   
   
  Increase/(decrease)
 
 
  2002
  2001
  $
  %
 
 
   
  (in millions)

   
 
For the three months ended June 30:                        
  Cost of revenue   $ 8.8   $ 6.7   $ 2.1   32 %
   
 
 
 
 
  Gross margin % of revenue     45.8 %   51.1 %          
   
 
 
 
 
For the six months ended June 30:                        
  Cost of revenue   $ 17.1   $ 13.2   $ 3.9   29 %
   
 
 
 
 
  Gross margin % of revenue     43.5 %   52.2 %          
   
 
 
 
 

        Cost of revenue for Q2 2002 was $8.8 million, an increase of $2.1 million, or 32%, from $6.7 million in Q2 2001. Cost of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2002 was $17.1 million, an increase of $3.9 million, or 29%, from $13.2 million in the same period last year. The increases reflect the net increases in revenue in each period, in addition to the increased cost related to the expanded Pfizer, Inc. collaboration.

        Gross margin as a percentage of revenue decreased from 51.1% in Q2 last year to 45.8% in Q2 2002, and from 52.2% for the six months ended June 30, 2001 to 43.5% for the same period in 2002. The decreases in gross margin percentage reflect the increased costs related to the Pfizer, Inc. and Bayer AG collaborations.

Research and development

 
   
   
  Increase/(decrease)
 
 
  2002
  2001
  $
  %
 
 
   
  (in millions)

   
 
For the three months ended June 30:                        
  Research and development   $ 8.2   $ 6.9   $ 1.3   19 %
For the six months ended June 30:                        
  Research and development   $ 16.4   $ 12.7   $ 3.7   28 %

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        Research and development expenses increased to $8.2 million in Q2 2002 from $6.9 million in Q2 2001, an increase of $1.3 million, or 19%. Research and development expense for the six months ended June 30, 2002 was $16.4 million, an increase of $3.7 million, or 28%, from $12.7 million in the same period one year ago. The increase is the result of the ongoing efforts to augment and enhance the Company's chemistry, predictive and computational modeling capabilities and related proprietary technologies. The Company devoted additional personnel and resources to the integration and refinement of the respective technologies in order to advance forward the objective of a fully integrated drug development platform.

Marketing, general and administrative

 
   
   
  increase/(decrease)
 
 
  2002
  2001
  $
  %
 
 
   
  (in millions)

   
 
For the three months ended June 30:                        
  Marketing, general and administrative   $ 3.2   $ 3.1   $ 0.1   3 %
For the six months ended June 30:                        
  Marketing, general and administrative   $ 6.8   $ 5.6   $ 1.2   22 %

        Marketing, general and administrative expense was $3.2 million in Q2 2002 versus $3.1 million in Q2 2001. For the six months ended June 30, 2002, marketing, general and administrative expense was $6.8 million, an increase of $1.2 million, or 22% from $5.6 million during the same period last year. The increase for the six months ended June 30, 2002 versus the same period in 2001 is primarily due to increased support and infrastructure costs, including personnel.

Merger related charges

 
   
   
  increase/(decrease)
 
 
  2002
  2001
  $
  %
 
 
   
  (in millions)

   
 
For the three months ended June 30:                        
  Merger related charges   $ 1.3   $ 3.8   $ (2.5 ) (66 %)
For the six months ended June 30:                        
  Merger related charges   $ 3.9   $ 24.4   $ (20.5 ) (84 %)

        Merger related charges relate to the acquisition of Camitro Corporation in Q1 2001 and include stock-based compensation charges, intangible assets and goodwill amortization and the one-time write-off of in-process research and development. Merger related charges in Q2 2002, decreased $2.5 million from $3.8 million in Q2 2001 to $1.3 million in Q2 2002. The decrease is attributed to decreases in stock-based compensation charges resulting from forfeitures of unvested restricted common shares issued in connection with the acquisition, and to the Company's adoption of SFAS 142 in January 2002 which obviated the periodic recording of goodwill amortization charges in 2002. For the six months ended June 30, 2002, merger related charges were $3.9 million compared to $24.4 million in the same period last year, a decrease of $20.5 million. The decrease reflects the one-time charge of $18.0 million in Q1 2001 for in-process research and development in addition to the reductions in stock-based compensation charges and goodwill amortization noted above.

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Net investment income

 
   
   
  increase/(decrease)
 
 
  2002
  2001
  $
  %
 
 
   
  (in millions)

   
 
For the three months ended June 30:                        
  Net investment income   $ 0.3   $ 0.7   $ (0.4 ) (56 %)
For the six months ended June 30:                        
  Net investment income   $ 0.6   $ 2.0   $ (1.4 ) (68 %)

        Net investment income in Q2 2002 was $288,000 versus $662,000 in Q2 2001, a decrease of $374,000, or 56%. Net Investment Income for the six months ended June 30, 2002 was $644,000 versus $2.0 million in the same period of 2001, a decrease of $1.4 million, or 68%. The decrease is due to reduced interest income on the Company's portfolio of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities due to lower principal balances and lower average short-term interest rates, partially offset by lower interest expense associated with the Company's long-term debt resulting from lower outstanding principal balances.

Net loss

 
   
   
  increase/(decrease)
 
 
  2002
  2001
  $
  %
 
 
   
  (in millions)

   
 
For the three months ended June 30:                        
  Net loss   $ 4.9   $ 6.1   $ (1.2 ) (19 %)
For the six months ended June 30:                        
  Net loss   $ 13.3   $ 26.4   $ (13.1 ) (50 %)

        The Company's net loss in Q2 2002 was $4.9 million, versus a net loss of $6.1 million in Q2 2001, an improvement of $1.2 million, or 19%. For the six months ended June 30, 2002, the Company incurred a net loss of $13.3 million versus a net loss of $26.4 million during the same period last year, an improvement of $13.1 million or 50%. The improvements were primarily driven by the reductions merger related charges which more than offset the Company's continued investments in research and development and associated support and infrastructure costs.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 
   
   
  Increase/(Decrease)
 
 
  June, 30
2002

  December 31,
2001

 
 
  $
  %
 
 
   
  (in millions)

   
 
Cash, cash equivalent, and marketable securities   $ 89.4   $ 98.0   $ (8.6 ) (9 %)
Working capital   $ 63.7   $ 69.4   $ (5.7 ) (8 %)

        At June 30, 2002 the Company held cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities of $89.4 million compared to $98.0 million at December 31, 2001. Working capital at June 30, 2002 was $63.7 million, compared to $69.4 million at December 31, 2001. The Company has historically funded operations through sales of common stock, payments from corporate collaborators, and bank financing.

        Cash and cash equivalents used in operating activities was $1.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2002 and was comprised of a net loss excluding non-cash charges of $4.6 million, offset by net changes in working capital of $3.5 million, primarily related to the timing of payment from corporate collaborations.

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        Cash and cash equivalents provided by investing activities was $31.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2002, resulting from net proceeds from the sale or maturity of available-for-sale marketable securities of $35.5 million, partially offset by capital expenditures of $4.5 million.

        Cash and cash equivalents used in financing activities was $3.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2002, resulting from principal payments on long-term debt of $3.8 million, offset by proceeds from the issuance of common stock of $652,000.

        The Company's investment profile for cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities investments will change frequently as a result of the Company's constant evaluation of conditions in financial markets and the timing of specific investments.

        The Company expects that its available cash and marketable securities, together with operating revenues and investment income, will be sufficient to finance working capital and capital requirements for the next several years, even without additional funding. The Company's cash requirements may vary materially from those now planned depending upon the results of the Company's drug discovery and development strategies, the Company's ability to enter into any additional corporate collaboration in the future and the terms of such collaborations, the results of research and development, the need for currently unanticipated capital expenditures, competitive and technological advances, acquisitions and other factors. The Company cannot guarantee that it will be able to obtain additional customers for its products and services, or that such products and services will produce revenues adequate to fund operating expenses. If the Company experiences increased losses, it may have to seek additional financing from public or private sales of its securities, including equity securities. There can be no assurance that additional funding will be available when needed or on acceptable terms. The Company's contractual obligations at June 30, 2002 and the effect such obligations are expected to have on its liquidity and cash flows have not changed materially since December 31, 2001, except for the lease described in note 5 above.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

        The Company owns financial instruments that are sensitive to market risk as part of its investment portfolio. The Company's investment portfolio is used to preserve its capital until it is used to fund operations, including its research and development activities. None of these market-risk sensitive instruments is held for trading purposes. The Company invests its cash primarily in money market mutual funds and U.S. government and other investment grade debt securities. These investments are evaluated quarterly to determine the fair value of the portfolio. The investment portfolio includes only marketable securities with active secondary or resale markets to help ensure liquidity. The Company has implemented policies regarding the amount and credit ratings of investments. Due to the conservative nature of these policies, the Company does not believe it has material exposure to market risk from its financial investments.

        The Company's use of derivative financial instruments is limited to the utilization of two interest rate swap agreements. Settlement accounting is used for these interest rate swaps, whereby amounts to be paid or received under the interest rate swap agreements are accrued as interest rates change and are recognized as an adjustment in interest expense.

        See notes 2 and 9 to the consolidated financial statements in ArQule's 2001 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed March 27, 2002 for a description of the use of derivatives and other financial instruments. The carrying amounts reflected in the consolidated balance sheet of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, and trade payables approximates fair value at June 30, 2002 due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.

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ArQule, Inc.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1—Legal Proceeding.

        This information as set forth in Note 7 of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements," appearing in Item 1 of Part 1 of this report is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 2—Changes in Securities and Use of Proceeds. None.

Item 3—Defaults Upon Senior Securities. None.

Item 4—Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

        At the Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on May 16, 2002, the Company's stockholders voted as follows:


 
  For
  Withheld
   
    17,653,929   186,004    

        The proposal received a plurality of the votes cast by the stockholders entitled to vote thereon and, therefore, Dr. Rosenblatt was elected to the Board of Directors.


 
  For
  Against
  Abstain
   
    6,382,538   5,239,140   29,914    

        The proposal received the affirmative vote of a majority of the shares of common stock outstanding and, therefore, was adopted.


 
  For
  Against
  Abstain
   
    10,866,646   767,201   17,744    

        The proposal received the affirmative vote of a majority of the shares of common stock outstanding and, therefore, was adopted.


 
  For
  Against
  Abstain
   
    7,228,464   4,374,877   48,250    

        The proposal received the affirmative vote of a majority of the shares of common stock outstanding and, therefore, was adopted.

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        The Company received 6,188,342 broker non-votes with respect to each of the proposals "(b)", "(c)" and "(d)". Broker non-votes are proxies solicited by brokers that do not indicate a vote for one or more proposals because the brokers do not have discretionary voting authority and have not received instructions from the beneficial owners on how to vote on such proposals.

        The directors whose term of office continued after the Annual Meeting are: Laura Avakian, Timothy C. Barabe, Werner Cautreels, Ariel Elia (Chairman), Tuan Ha-Ngoc, and Stephen A. Hill.

Item 5—Other Information. None.

Item 6(a)—Exhibits:

Exhibits
  Description
3.1.1   Certificate of Amendment to Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation
10.41   Consulting Agreement between the Company and Michael Rosenblatt, M.D. dated
May 1, 2002.
99.1   Certificate of the Chief Executive and Chief Financial Officers.

Item 6(b)—Reports on Form 8-K. None.

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ArQule, Inc.
SIGNATURES

        Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

    ARQULE, INC.

Date: August 9, 2002

 

By:

 

/s/  
DAVID C. HASTINGS      
David C. Hastings
(Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer)

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QuickLinks

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
ArQule, Inc. Quarter Ended June 30, 2002
Table of Contents
ArQule, Inc. Consolidated Balance Sheet (Unaudited) (In thousands, except share data)
ArQule, Inc. Consolidated Statement of Operations (Unaudited) (In thousands, except per share data)
ArQule, Inc. Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows (Unaudited) (In thousands)
ArQule, Inc. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
ArQule, Inc. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation
ArQule, Inc.
ArQule, Inc. SIGNATURES