UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
||X|||Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934|
For the quarterly period ended November 29, 2003
||_|||Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934|
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission file number: 000-04892
CAL-MAINE FOODS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
|(State or other Jurisdiction of||(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)|
|Incorporation or Organization)|
3320 Woodrow Wilson
Avenue, Jackson, Mississippi 39209
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes X No_____
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).
Yes_____ No X
Number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock (exclusive of treasury shares), as of December 30, 2003.
|Common Stock, $0.01 par value||10,859,869 shares|
|Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value||1,200,000 shares|
|Part I. Financial Information||Number|
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets -
|November 29, 2003 and May 31, 2003||3|
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income -
|Three Months and Six Months Ended|
|November 29, 2003 and November 30, 2002||4|
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows -
|Six Months Ended November 29, 2003 and|
|November 30, 2002||5|
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of
|Financial Condition and Results of Operations||8|
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures of Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 6. Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K
|November 29, 2003
||May 31, 2003|
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||20,035||$||6,092|
|Trade and other receivables||40,819||19,493|
|Recoverable federal income taxes||6,860||6,860|
|Prepaid expenses and other current assets||1,175||1,729|
|Total current assets||121,165||85,179|
|Notes receivable and investments||9,578||7,254|
|Property, plant and equipment||271,283||267,671|
|Less accumulated depreciation||(137,102||)||(129,479||)|
|LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY|
|Accounts payable and accrued expenses||$||49,418||$||33,032|
|Current maturities of long-term debt||11,008||12,592|
|Deferred income taxes||14,588||11,806|
|Total current liabilities||75,014||57,430|
|Long-term debt, less current maturities||84,971||95,652|
|Other non-current liabilities||1,820||1,481|
|Deferred income taxes||14,744||14,744|
|Common stock $0.01 par value per share:|
|Authorized shares - 30,000,000|
|Issued and outstanding shares - 17,565,200 at November 29, 2003|
|and May 31, 2003||176||176|
|Class A common stock $0.01 par value, authorized, issued and|
|outstanding 1,200,000 shares||12||12|
|Common stock in treasury-6,797,301 shares at November 29, 2003|
|and 7,000,812 shares at May 31, 2003||(12,737||)||(13,099||)|
|Total stockholders' equity||93,259||66,085|
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY||$||269,808||$||235,392|
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
|13 Weeks Ended||26 Weeks Ended|
|November 29, 2003
||November 30, 2002
||November 29, 2003
||November 30, 2002|
|Cost of sales||99,170||79,629||186,871||151,776|
|Selling, general and|
|Other income (expense):|
|Interest expense, net||(2,217||)||(2,122||)||(4,130||)||(4,341||)|
|Income before income|
|Income tax expense||9,903||1,107||14,331||167|
|Net income per common|
|Weighted average shares|
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
|26 Weeks Ended|
|November 29, 2003
||November 30, 2002|
|Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities||$||28,400||$||(3,053||)|
|Cash flows from investing activities:|
|Purchases of property, plant and equipment||(2,406||)||(2,451||)|
|Construction of production facilities||(1,882||)||(5,014||)|
|Payments received on notes receivable and from investments||39||48|
|Increase in note receivable, investments and other assets||(29||)||(110||)|
|Net proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment||289||449|
|Net cash used in investing activities||(3,989||)||(7,078||)|
|Cash flows from financing activities:|
|Net borrowings on notes payable to banks||--||14,000|
|Principal payments on long-term debt and capital leases||(17,265||)||(4,115||)|
|Additional paid-in capital||1,730||--|
|Sale of common stock from treasury||362||--|
|Payment of dividends||(295||)||(293||)|
|Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities||(10,468||)||9,592|
|Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents||13,943||(539||)|
|Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period||6,092||4,878|
|Cash and cash equivalents at end of period||$||20,035||$||4,339|
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
CAL-MAINE FOODS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in thousands, except share amounts)
November 29, 2003
|1.||Presentation of Interim Information|
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three-month and six-month periods ended November 29, 2003 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending May 29, 2004.
The balance sheet at May 31, 2003 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.
For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in Cal-Maine Foods, Inc.s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2003.
The Company accounts for stock option grants in accordance with APB Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees.
The following table illustrates the effect on net income and earnings per share if the Company had applied the fair value recognition provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 123, Accounting for Stock- Based Compensation, which require compensation cost for all stock-based employee compensation plans to be recognized based on the use of a fair value method (in thousands except per share amounts):
|13 Weeks Ended
|| 26 Weeks Ended|
|Nov. 29, 2003
||Nov. 30, 2002
||Nov. 29, 2003
||Nov. 30, 2002|
|Add: Stock-based employee|
|compensation expense included in|
|reported net income||11,881||(355||)||14,658||--|
|Deduct: Total stock-based employee|
|compensation expense determined|
|under fair value-based method for|
|Pro forma net income||$||28,442||$||1,649||$||38,980||276|
|Earnings per share:|
|Inventories consisted of the following:|
|November 29, 2003
||May 31, 2003|
|Feed and supplies||13,253||12,597|
In its Form 8-K filing dated November 6, 2003, the Company announced the termination of its proposed going private transaction.
Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. (the" Company") is primarily engaged in the production, grading, packing and sale of fresh shell eggs. The Company's fiscal year end is the Saturday closest to May 31.
The Companys operations are fully integrated. At its facilities it hatches chicks, grows pullets, manufactures feed, and produces, processes, and distributes shell eggs. The Company currently is the largest producer and distributor of fresh shell eggs in the United States. Shell egg sales, including feed sales to outside egg producers, account for 99% of the Companys net sales. The Company primarily markets its shell eggs in the southwestern, southeastern, mid-western and mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. Shell eggs are sold directly by the Company primarily to national and regional supermarket chains.
The Company currently uses contract producers for approximately 13% of its total egg production. Contract producers operate under agreements with the Company for the use of their facilities in the production of shell eggs by layers owned by the Company, which owns the eggs produced. Also, shell eggs are purchased from outside producers for resale, as needed, by the Company.
The Companys operating income or loss is significantly affected by wholesale shell egg market prices, which can fluctuate widely and are outside of the Companys control. Retail sales of shell eggs are generally greatest during the fall and winter months and lowest during the summer months. Prices for shell eggs fluctuate in response to seasonal factors and a natural increase in egg production during the spring and early summer.
The Companys cost of production is materially affected by feed costs, which average about 55% of the Companys total farm egg production cost. Changes in feed costs result in changes in the Companys cost of goods sold. The cost of feed ingredients is affected by a number of supply and demand factors such as crop production and weather, and other factors, such as the level of grain exports, over which the Company has little or no control.
According to U.S. Department of Agriculture reports, laying hen numbers on December 1, 2003 were slightly lower than a year ago. Current industry projections are that, for the year ahead, laying hen numbers will be very close to this past year. Corn and soybean prices are projected to be somewhat higher in the year ahead and could result in higher feed ingredient cost. Based upon the past few years, the prices should be within the moderate range.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain items from the Companys Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations expressed as a percentage of net sales.
|Percentage of Net Sales|
|13 Weeks Ended||26 Weeks Ended|
|Nov. 29, 2003
||Nov. 30, 2002
||Nov. 29, 2003
||Nov. 30, 2002|
|Net sales||100.0 %||100.0 %||100.0 %||100.0 %|
|Cost of sales||66.1||83.8||70.7||85.7|
|Selling, general & administrative|
|Income before taxes||18.3||3.3||15.0||.3|
|Income tax expense||6.6||1.2||5.4||.1|
|Net income||11.7 %||2.1 %||9.6 %||.2 %|
Net sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2004 were $149.9 million, an increase of $54.9 million, or 57.8% as compared to net sales of $95.0 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2003. Total dozens of eggs sold increased in the current quarter and egg selling prices increased as compared with prices last year. Dozens sold for the current quarter were 153.7 million dozen, an increase of 8.8 million dozen, or 6.1% as compared to the second quarter of last year. The new egg production and processing facility at Guthrie, KY provided about half of the increase in dozens sold, with additional dozens purchased from outside egg producers making up the balance. Domestic demand for eggs is good, and overall egg supply is balanced. This resulted in higher egg selling prices during the current quarter. The Companys net average selling price per dozen for the fiscal 2004 second quarter was $.944, compared to $.622 for the second quarter of last year, an increase of 51.8%. The Companys net average selling price is the blended price for all sizes and grades of shell eggs, including non-graded egg sales, breaking stock and undergrades
Net sales for the twenty-six weeks ended November 29, 2003 were $264.3 million, an increase of $87.1 million, or 49.2%. As in the current quarter, total dozens sold increased and net egg selling prices increased. Dozens sold for the current twenty-six week period were 300.7 million as compared to 280.9 million for last fiscal year, an increase of 19.8 million dozen, or 7.0%. Over half of the increase in dozens sold was provided by the Companys facilities. As discussed above, favorable egg market conditions resulted in increased egg selling prices. For the current twenty-six week period, the Companys net average selling price per dozen was $.847, compared to $.598 per dozen last year, an increase of $.249 per dozen, or 41.6%.
The Company believes its financial results for recent periods have been positively affected by favorable publicity about eggs from the medical community and increased use of eggs in high protein diets that are currently popular.
COST OF SALES
Total cost of sales for the second quarter ended November 29, 2003 was $99.2 million, an increase of $19.6 million, or 24.6%, as compared to the cost of sales of $79.6 million for last years second quarter. The increase is due to increases in dozens sold, higher costs of eggs purchased from outside producers and a small increase in the cost of feed ingredients. Dozens of eggs sold increased 8.8 million for the current quarter. Due to the increase in egg selling prices, the cost of these outside purchases increased sharply, as reflected in the Companys 51.8% increase in average egg selling prices. Feed cost for the second quarter ended November 29, 2003 was $.229 per dozen, an increase of 4.0%, as compared to last fiscal years cost per dozen of $.220. During the second quarter of the last fiscal year, the Company recognized $2.9 million as a reduction in cost of sales for its share in the settlement of certain class action feed ingredient lawsuits. Other operating costs remained in the same ranges for both the current and last year first fiscal quarters. The increase in egg selling prices and dozens sold, offset by the increases in cost of sales, resulted in a net increase in gross profit from 16.2% of net sales for the quarter ended November 30, 2002 to 33.9% of net sales for the current quarter ended November 29, 2003.
For the twenty-six week period ended November 29, 2003, total cost of sales was $186.9 million, an increase of $35.1 million, or 23.1%, as compared to the cost of sales of $151.8 million for the comparable last year. As in the quarter, the increase in cost of sales is the result of more dozens sold, higher cost of eggs purchased from outside producers and an increase in the cost of feed ingredients. Eggs sold increased 19.8 million dozen in the current year. Feed cost for the current twenty-six weeks was $.221 per dozen, compared to $.208 per dozen for the comparable last year, an increase of 6.2%. As in the quarter, the increase in egg selling prices, offset by the increases in cost of sales, resulted in a net increase in gross profit from 14.3% of net sales for last year to 29.3% for the twenty-six week period ended November 29, 2003.
SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
Selling, general and administrative expense for the second quarter ended November 29, 2003 was $23.2 million, an increase of $12.9 million, as compared to $10.3 million for last fiscal years second quarter. In the second quarter, the Company took a charge for stock compensation in the amount of $10.6 million in connection with its outstanding stock options and the related tandem stock appreciation rights. The charge is in accordance with the Companys accounting policies for stock compensation which are consistent with Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25 Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees and its related Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation 44 Accounting for Certain Transactions involving Stock Compensation. The charge is directly related to the increase in the market price of outstanding common shares from $7.20 at August 31, 2003 to $21.10 at November 30, 2003. The portion of the charge related to the stock options,$5.3 million , is non-cash and the corresponding liability will be converted to equity at the time of exercise. For the quarter ended November 30, 2002, the Companys stock market quote was below stock option strike prices. Excluding the $10.6 million charge for outstanding stock options, the current quarter comparable increase for selling, general and administrative expense was $2.3 million, or 22.3%. Of the $2.3 million increase, $1.6 million was expensed for stock options exercised and approximately $900,000 was due to increases in legal and professional fees. On a cost per dozen sold basis, excluding the $10.6 million stock option accrual, selling, general and administrative expense was $.082 per dozen as compared to $.071 for the comparable quarter last year. As a percent of net sales, selling, general and administrative expense increased from 10.8% for fiscal 2003 second quarter to 15.5% for the current quarter.
For the twenty-six weeks ended November 29, 2003, selling, general and administrative expense was $36.4 million, an increase of $15.6, as compared to $20.8 million for the same period last fiscal year. As above, excluding the $10.6 million charge for outstanding stock options, the current twenty-six weeks comparable increase for selling, general and administrative expense was $5.0 million, or 24.0%. Of the $5.0 million increase, approximately $2.0 million was expensed for stock options exercised, $1.2 million was for increases in legal and professional fees, and $600,000 for increased cost of general business and property insurance. All other selling, general and administrative expenses overall had small increases due to the increase in dozens sold. On a cost per dozen sold basis, excluding the $10.6 million stock option accrual, selling, general and administrative expense was $.086 for the current twenty-six weeks as compared to $.074 for the comparable period last year. As a percent of net sales, selling, general and administrative expense has increased from 11.7% for the first twenty-six weeks of fiscal 2003 to 13.8% for the comparable period in fiscal 2004.
As the result of the above, operating income was $27.6 million for the second quarter ended November 29, 2003, as compared to operating income of $5.1 million for last years fiscal second quarter. As a percent of net sales, the current fiscal 2004 quarter had a 18.4% operating income, compared to a 5.4% operating income for last year.
For the twenty-six weeks ended November 29, 2003, operating income was $41.0 million, compared to operating income of $4.6 million for the comparable period last fiscal year. As a percent of net sales, the current fiscal period had a 15.5% operating income, compared to a 2.6% operating income for the same period last year.
Other expense for the second quarter ended November 29, 2003 was $94,000, a decrease of $1.9 million, as compared to $2.0 million for last years second quarter. This net decrease for the current quarter was the result of an increase of $95,000 in net interest expense and a $2.0 million increase in other income. Net interest increased due to additional interest charges incurred in early repayment of some of the long-term debt. Other income increased from equity in income of affiliates. As a percent of net sales, other expense was 0.1% for the current fiscal second quarter, compared to 2.1% last year.
For the twenty-six weeks ended November 29, 2003, other expense was $1.3 million, a decrease of $2.8 million as compared to an expense of $4.1 million for last year. For the current period, net interest expense decreased $211,000 and other income increased $2.6 million. Interest expense decreased due to lower debt balances and increased other income resulted from increased equity in income of affiliates. As a percent of net sales, other expense was 0.5% for the current period, as compared to 2.3% for the same period last year.
As a result of the above, the Companys pre-tax income was $27.5 million for the quarter ended November 29, 2003, compared to pre-tax income of $3.1 million for last years quarter. For the current quarter, income tax expense of $9.9 million was recorded with an effective tax rate of 36.0%, as compared to an income tax expense of $1.1 million with an effective rate of 35.5% for last years comparable quarter.
For the twenty-six week period ended November 29, 2003, the Companys pre-tax income was $39.7 million, compared to pre-tax income of $464,000 for the comparable period last year. For the current twenty-six week period, income tax expense of $14.3 million was recorded with an effective tax rate of 36.0%, as compared to an income tax expense of $167,000, with an effective rate of 36.0% for last years comparable period.
Net income for the second quarter ended November 29, 2003 was $17.6 million, or $1.49 per basic and $1.45 per diluted share, compared to net income of $2.0 million, or $.17 per basic and diluted share for last fiscal years second quarter.
For the twenty-six week period ended November 29, 2003, net income was $25.4 million, or $2.15 per basic share and $2.10 per diluted share, compared to last fiscal years net income of $297,000, or $.03 per basic and diluted share.
CAPITAL RESOURCES AND LIQUIDITY
The Companys working capital at November 29, 2003 was $46.2 million compared to $27.7 million at May 31,2003. The Companys current ratio was 1.62 at November 29, 2003 as compared with 1.48 at May 31, 2003. The Companys need for working capital generally is highest in the last and first fiscal quarters ending in May and August, respectively, when egg prices are normally at seasonal lows. Seasonal borrowing needs frequently are higher during these quarters than during other fiscal quarters. The Company has a $35.0 million line of credit with three banks, none of which was utilized at November 29, 2003. The Companys long-term debt at November 29, 2003, including current maturities, amounted to $96.0 million, as compared to $108.2 million at May 31, 2003.
For the twenty-six weeks ended November 29, 2003, $28.4 million in net cash was provided by operating activities. This compares to $3.1 million that was used in operating activities for the comparable period last fiscal year. In the current twenty-six week period, $2.4 million was used for purchases of property, plant and equipment, $289,000 net proceeds were received from sales of property, plant and equipment, and $1.9 million used for construction projects. The Companys stock option plan provided $362,000 from sales of treasury stock and an increase of $1.7 million in additional paid-in capital. Payments of $295,000 were made for dividends on the common stock. Additional cash of $5.0 million was received from addional long-term borrowings and repayments of $17.3 million were made on long-term debt. The net result was an increase in cash of approximately $13.9 million.
For the comparable period last year, $2.5 million was used for purchases of property, plant and equipment, $449,000 net proceeds were received from sales of property, plant and equipment, and $5.0 million used for construction projects. Payments of $293,000 were made for dividends on the common stock. Additional cash of $14.0 million was received from net borrowings on the notes payable to banks and repayments of $4.1 million were made on long-term debt. The net result was a decrease in cash of approximately $539,000.
Substantially all trade receivables and inventories collateralize the Companys line of credit, and property, plant and equipment collateralize the Companys long-term debt under its loan agreements. The Company is required by certain provisions of these loan agreements to (1) maintain minimum levels of working capital (ratio of not less than 1.25 to 1) and net worth (minimum of $55.0 million tangible net worth); (2) limit dividends (allowed if no default), capital expenditures (not to exceed depreciation for the same four fiscal quarters), lease obligations and additional long-term borrowings (total funded debt to total capitalization not to exceed 70%); and (3) maintain various current and cash-flow coverage ratios (1.25 to1), among other restrictions. At November 29, 2003, the Company is in compliance with the provisions of all loan agreements, including any provisions waived or amended. Under certain of the loan agreements, the lenders have the option to require the prepayment of any outstanding borrowings in the event of a change in the control of the Company.
During 2004, the Company completed construction, began in fiscal 2001, of a shell egg production and processing facility in Guthrie, Kentucky. Including this construction project, the Company projects capital expenditures of $11.0 million during fiscal 2004.Funding will be provided by cash flows from operations and additional long-term borrowings.
The Company has $2.5 million of deferred tax liability due to a subsidiarys change from a cash basis to an accrual basis taxpayer on May 29, 1988. The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 provides that the taxes on the cash basis temporary differences as of that date are generally payable over the 20 years beginning in fiscal 1999 or in the first fiscal year in which there is a change in ownership control. Payment of the $2.5 million deferred tax liability would reduce the Companys cash, but would not impact the Companys consolidated statement of operations or stockholders equity, as these taxes have been accrued and are reflected on the Companys consolidated balance sheet.
Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Standards. In the first quarter of fiscal 2003, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets (SFAS No. 144). SFAS No. 144 supersedes Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 121, Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed of, (SFAS No. 121), however, it retains the fundamental provisions of SFAS No. 121 related to the recognition and measurement of the impairment of long-lived assets to be held and used. In addition, SFAS No. 144 provides more guidance on estimating cash flows when performing a recoverability test, requires that a long-lived asset to be disposed other than by sale (e.g., abandoned) be classified as held and used until it is disposed of, and establishes more restrictive criteria to classify an asset as held for sale. The adoption of SFAS No. 144 had no effect on the Companys consolidated results of operations or financial position.
In January 2003, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Interpretation No. 46, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, an interpretation of Accounting Research Bulletin No. 51 (the Interpretation). The Interpretation requires the consolidation of entities in which an enterprise absorbs a majority of the entitys expected losses, receives a majority of the entitys expected residual returns, or both, as a result of ownership, contractual or other financial interests in the entity. Currently, entities are generally consolidated by an enterprise when it has a controlling financial interest through ownership of a majority voting interest in the entity. The Company has investments in various affiliates established for the purpose of production, processing, and distribution of shell eggs. These entities are primarily funded with financing from third party lenders, which is secured by first liens on the assets of the entities. The creditors of the entities do not have recourse to the Company, except for one entity for which the Company guarantees 50% of its debt. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of the issuance of the Interpretation on the accounting for its investment in the entity. Currently, these investments are recorded as investments on the equity method of accounting, recording the Companys share of the net income or loss. The Company has the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies. However, the Company does not have a controlling interest in the respective entities. At November 29, 2003, the Companys aggregate net investment in these entities totaled $6 million. The portion of the debt guaranteed was $7.0 million at November 29, 2003. These amounts represent the Companys maximum exposure to loss at November 29, 2003 as a result of its involvement with these entities. The Company plans to adopt this Interpretation during the third quarter.
Forward Looking Statements. The foregoing statements contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties and the Companys actual experience may differ materially from that discussed above. Factors that may cause such a difference include, but are not limited to, those discussed in Factors Affecting Future Performance below, as well as future events that have the effect of reducing the Companys available cash balances, such as unanticipated operating losses or capital expenditures related to possible future acquisitions. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect managements analysis only as the date hereof. The Company assumes no obligation to update forward-looking statements. See also the Companys reports to be filed from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
Factors Affecting Future Performance. The Companys future operating results may be affected by various trends and factors that are beyond the Companys control. These include adverse changes in shell egg prices and in the grain markets. Changes in how eggs are currently perceived by the medical community and the extent to which eggs continue to be used in high protein diets also may affect future operating results. Accordingly, past trends should not be used to anticipate future results and trends. Further, the Companys prior performance should not be presumed to be an accurate indication of future performance.
Critical Accounting Policies.The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting standards generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Management suggests that the Companys Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, as described in Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. and Subsidiaries annual report on Form10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2003, be read in conjunction with this Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. The Company believes the critical accounting policies that most impact the Companys consolidated financial statements are described below.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. In the normal course of business, the Company extends credit to its customers on a short-term basis. Although credit risks associated with our customers are considered minimal, the Company routinely reviews its accounts receivable balances and makes provisions for probable doubtful accounts. In circumstances where management is aware of a specific customers inability to meet its financial obligations to the Company (e.g. bankruptcy filings), a specific reserve is recorded to reduce the receivable to the amount expected to be collected. For all other customers, the Company recognizes reserves for bad debts based on the length of time the receivables are past due, generally 100% for amounts more than 60 days past due.
Inventories. Inventories of eggs, feed, supplies and livestock are valued principally at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or market. If market prices for eggs and feed grains move substantially lower, the Company would record adjustments to write-down the carrying values of eggs and feed inventories to fair market value.
The cost associated with flock inventories, consisting principally of chick purchases, feed, labor, contractor payments and overhead costs, are accumulated during the growing period of approximately 18 weeks. Capitalized flock costs are then amortized over the productive lives of the flocks, generally one to two years. Flock mortality is charged to cost of sales as incurred. High mortality from disease or extreme temperatures would result in abnormal adjustments to write-down flock inventories. Management continually monitors each flock and attempts to take appropriate actions to minimize the risk of mortality loss.
Long-Lived Assets. Depreciable long-lived assets are primarily comprised of buildings and improvements and machinery and equipment. Depreciation is provided by the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives, which are 15 to 25 years for buildings and improvements and 3 to 12 years for machinery and equipment. An increase or decrease in the estimated useful lives would result in changes to depreciation expense.
The Company continually reevaluates the carrying value of its long-lived assets, for events or changes in circumstances, which indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. As part of this reevaluation, the Company estimates the future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset and its eventual disposal. If the sum of the expected future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges) is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is recognized to reduce the carrying value of the long-lived asset to the estimated fair value of the asset.
Investment in Affiliates. The Company has invested in other companies engaged in the production, processing and distribution of shell eggs and egg products. The Companys ownership percentages in these companies range from less than 20% to 50%. Therefore, these investments are recorded using the cost or the equity method, and accordingly, not consolidated in the Companys financial statements. Changes in the ownership percentages of these investments might alter the accounting methods currently used. The Company is a guarantor of approximately $7.0 million of long-term debt of one of the affiliates.
Goodwill. Goodwill primarily relates to the fiscal 1999 acquisition of Hudson Brothers, Inc. Goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets are no longer amortized but are reviewed annually, or more frequently if impairment indicators arise, for impairment. An impairment loss would be recorded if the recorded goodwill exceeds its implied fair value.
The Company has only one operating segment, which is its sole reporting unit. Accordingly, goodwill is tested for impairment at the entity level. Significant adverse industry or economic changes, or other factors not anticipated could result in an impairment charge to reduce recorded goodwill.
There have been no material changes in the market risk reported in the Companys fiscal 2003 annual report on Form 10-K.
The Companys Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Companys disclosure controls and procedures are effective based on their evaluation of such controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. There were no significant changes in internal controls or in other factors that significantly affect internal controls subsequent to the date of their most recent evaluation.
On December 26, 2002, Cal-Maine Farms, Inc.(Cal-Maine Farms), a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, was served with process in a civil complaint filed in the Circuit Court of the First Judicial District of Hinds County, Mississippi, on behalf of four plaintiffs, Hunter McWhorter, a minor, his two parents, and Michael Green, an adult. In addition to Cal-Maine Farms, Fred Adams, Dolph Baker, Charlie Collins, R. K. Looper and B. J. Raines, officers of the Company, are also named as defendants. Six other named defendants include Cargill, Incorporated, Georges Farms, Inc., Peterson Farms, Inc., Simmons Foods, Inc., Simmons Poultry Farms, Inc., and Tyson Foods, Inc., each of which is engaged in the broiler business. Additional individual defendants with affiliations to the other corporate defendants were also named.
The suit alleges the original plaintiffs have suffered medical problems resulting from living near land upon which litter from the flocks of hens owned by certain of the defendants was spread as fertilizer. The suit specifically addresses conditions alleged to exist in Washington County, Arkansas, where there is a relatively high concentration of broiler farms. Cal-Maine Farms is not engaged in any broiler production and, compared to the broiler producers, only has a very small portion of the hens located in Washington County, Arkansas.
The suit alleges actual damages in the amount of $55,000,000 and requests punitive damages in the amount of $100,000,000. On December 31, 2002, an Amended Complaint was filed, bringing the total number of plaintiffs to 93, of which 67 are alleged to be ill and three are deceased. The damages sought were not amended.
On November 7, 2003 an Order of Dismissal Without Predjudice was issued by the First Judicial District of Hinds County, Mississippi.
On December 5, 2003 the plaintiffs elected to appeal the order to the Mississippi Supreme Court.
On August 18, 2003, a complaint, styled H. David Schneider v. Cal-Maine Foods Inc., et al. C.A. No. 20493-NC (the Schneider Action), was filed against the Company and its directors in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware in and for New Castle County.
The suit seeks class action status and alleges the Company and its directors are attempting to freeze out the Companys public shareholders in connection with the proposed going private transaction announced by the Company on July 14, 2003, conflicts of interests, self-dealing and lack of good faith dealing. The suit asks for a preliminary and permanent injunction to enjoin the defendants from proceeding with the proposed going private transaction, damages in the event the transaction is consummated, and an accounting to class members for their damages.
On August 25, 2003, a purported class action complaint was filed in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware in and for New Castle County against the Company and its directors styled Pyles v. Cal-Maine Foods, Inc., et al., C.A. No. 20507 (the Pyles Action). The proposed class in the Pyles Action consists of all holders of the Companys common stock other than the directors of the Company, their affiliates and the Companys ESOP. The complaint in the Pyles Action generally alleges, among other things, that the directors breached their fiduciary duties in approving the reverse stock split, that the structure and timing of the reverse split is unfair to the holders of the Companys common stock other than the directors of the Company and the participants in the Companys ESOP and the price being paid for fractional shares in the reverse split is unfair. The complaint in the Pyles Action seeks preliminary and permanent injunctions to prevent consummation of the reverse stock split, rescission or rescissory damages in the event the reverse stock split is consummated and damages as a result of the alleged breaches of fiduciary duty. On August 26, 2003, the plaintiff in the Pyles Action filed a motion for expedited proceedings, motion for preliminary injunction and served discovery requests on the Company and its directors. As of the date of this report, the Court of Chancery has not scheduled a date and time to hear the plaintiffs request to expedite proceedings in the Pyles Action.
On September 2, 2003, with the consent of the parties to each action the Court of Chancery entered an order consolidating the Schneider Action with the Pyles Action into one proceeding styled, In re Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. Stockholders Litigation, C.A. No. 20507 (the Consolidated Action). That same day, the Court of Chancery agreed to hear plaintiffs motion for preliminary injunction on October 1, 2003. On or about September 16, 2003, the parties to the Consolidated Action advised the Court that the Court did not need to hear plaintiffs motion for preliminary injunction on October 1 as the date of the meeting to vote on the going private transaction had been delayed. The parties are attempting to reschedule the date for the hearing on plaintiffs motion for preliminary injunction in advance of the new date for the stockholders meeting to vote on the going private transaction.
On September 25, 2003, a purported class action complaint was filed in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware in and for New Castle County against the Company and its directors styled Twin Valley Farms Exchange, Inc., Leon Eshelman, Valeria Eshelman, Gary Eshelman, Pamela Fredricks, and Terry Bixler v. Cal-Maine Foods, Inc., et al., C.A. No. 20576-NC (the Twin Valley Farms Action). The proposed class in the Twin Valley Farms Action consists of all holders of the Companys common stock other than the directors of the Company, their affiliates and the Companys ESOP. All of the directors of the Company are named as defendants in the Twin Valley Farms Action. The complaint in the Twin Valley Farms Action generally alleges, among other things, that the proposed reverse split is the product of unfair dealing by the directors of the Company and that the price to be paid in lieu of fractional shares does not reflect the intrinsic value of the Company nor does it constitute fair value pursuant to the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware.
On September 25, 2003, the plaintiffs in the Twin Valley Farms Action also filed a motion to consolidate the Twin Valley Farms Action with the Consolidated Action. By order dated September 29, 2003, the Twin Valley Farms Action was consolidated with and into the Consolidated Action. On November 6, 2003, the Companys Board of Directors voted to terminate consideration of a going-private transaction. As a result of the Companys actions the claims asserted in the Consolidated Action are moot
On November 21,2003, plaintiffs filed an application for an award of attorneys fees and expenses to be paid by the Company. On November 26, 2003, plaintiffs filed their opening brief and other materials in support of their application. The Company and its directors believe the application for attorneys fees and expenses is without merit and are contesting it vigorously.
The Schneider Action, Pyles Action and Twin Valley Farms Action were previously reported by the Company in its Form 8-K current reports dated August 18, 2003, August 25, 2003 and September 25, 2003, respectively
|31.1||Certification of The Chief Executive Officer|
|31.2||Certification of The Chief Financial Officer|
|32.0||Written Statement of The Chief Executive Officer and The Chief Financial Officer|
|b.||Reports on Form 8-K|
The following reports on Form 8-K were filed during the quarter for which this Form 10-Q is filed:
|(i)||Form 8-K dated September 25, 2003, reporting under Item 5 Other Events and Required FD Disclosure and under Item 7 Financial Statements and Exhibits that a class action suit styled Twin Valley Farms Exchange, Inc, Leon Eshelman, Valeria Eshelman, Gary Eshelman, Pamela Fredricks, aan Terry Bixler v. Cal-Maine Foods Inc., et al., C.A. No. 20576-NC, was filed against the Company and its directors in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware in and for New Castle County in connection with the proposed going private transaction announced by the Company on July 14, 2003.|
|(ii)||Form 8-K dated September 29, 2003, reporting under Item 12 Results of Operations and Financial Condition, the issuance by the Company of a press release announcing its financial results for the quarter ended August 30, 2003.|
|(iii)||Form 8-K dated November 6, 2003, reporting under Item 5 Other Events and Required FD Disclosure and under Item 7 Financial Statements and Exhibits, the issuance of a press release by the Company announcing the termination of its proposed going private transaction.|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
|CAL-MAINE FOODS, INC.|
Date: January 12, 2004
|/s/ Bobby J. Raines|
|Bobby J. Raines|
|(Principal Financial Officer)|
Date: January 12, 2004
|/s/ Charles F. Collins|
|Charles F. Collins|
|(Principal Accounting Officer)|