Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. 10-Q For The Period Ended September 30, 2006

 
 



 
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q

(Mark One)

R     QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2006
 
OR
 
£     TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from  to

Commission File No. 1-32423
ALPHA NATURAL RESOURCES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
02-0733940
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification Number)
   
One Alpha Place, P.O. Box 2345
24212
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
(276) 619-4410

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes R No £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  

£ Large accelerated filer  £ Accelerated filer  R Non-accelerated filer

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes £ No R

Number of shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of October 26, 2006 — 64,965,655.





TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page 
 
PART I
 
Item 1.
 
 
3
 
  5
  7
Item 2.
20
Item 3.
31
Item 4.
32
 
PART II
 
Item 1A.
33
Item 5.  Other Information 33 
Item 6.
35
  EX-10.2: Letter Of Agreement  
   
   
   
   



Item 1. Financial Statements

 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
 
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
               
       
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
       
2006
 
2005
 
 Assets
           
Current assets:
             
Cash and cash equivalents
       
$
11,524
   
39,622
 
Trade accounts receivable, net
         
173,134
   
147,961
 
Notes and other receivables
         
4,324
   
10,330
 
Inventories
         
73,588
   
84,885
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
         
34,977
   
36,117
 
Total current assets
         
297,547
   
318,915
 
Property, plant, and equipment, net
 
640,781
   
582,750
 
Goodwill
         
18,641
   
18,641
 
Other intangibles, net
 
8,392
   
11,014
 
Deferred income taxes
 
37,917
   
38,967
 
Other assets
         
44,381
   
43,371
 
                     
Total assets
       
$
1,047,659
   
1,013,658
 
                     
 Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
                   
             
Current liabilities:
           
Current portion of long-term debt
       
$
3,239
   
3,242
 
Notes payable
         
3,537
   
59,014
 
Bank overdraft
         
35,639
   
17,065
 
Trade accounts payable
         
69,096
   
99,746
 
Deferred income taxes
         
12,544
   
11,243
 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
         
85,114
   
93,531
 
                     
Total current liabilities
         
209,169
   
283,841
 
                     
Long-term debt, net of current portion
 
421,575
   
423,547
 
Workers’ compensation benefits
 
6,939
   
5,901
 
Postretirement medical benefits
 
31,144
   
24,461
 
Asset retirement obligation
 
56,387
   
46,296
 
Deferred gains on sale of property interests
 
5,017
   
5,762
 
Other liabilities
         
30,364
   
11,085
 
                     
Total liabilities
         
760,595
   
800,893
 
                     
Stockholder's equity:
           
Preferred stock-par value $0.01 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued
         
   
 
Common stock - par value $0.01, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 64,965,655and 64,420,414  shares issued and outstanding
         
650
   
644
 
Additional paid-in capital
         
210,372
   
193,608
 
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss)
         
(7,354
)
 
 
Retained earnings
         
83,396
   
18,513
 
 Total stockholder's equity
         
287,064
   
212,765
 
                     
 Total liabilities and stockholder's equity
       
$
1,047,659
   
1,013,658
 
                     
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
           




 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)
 
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
                    
   
Three months ended
 
 Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
 
 September 30,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
 2006
 
2005
 
Revenues:
                  
Coal revenues
 
$
419,036
 
$
345,179
 
$
1,279,939
 
$
982,383
 
Freight and handling revenues
   
45,805
   
46,659
   
143,132
   
126,650
 
Other revenues
   
9,877
   
5,851
   
29,638
   
18,447
 
Total revenues
   
474,718
   
397,689
   
1,452,709
   
1,127,480
 
Costs and expenses:
                         
Cost of coal sales (exclusive of items shown
                         
separately below)
   
340,440
   
298,522
   
1,016,831
   
818,299
 
Freight and handling costs
   
45,805
   
46,659
   
143,132
   
126,650
 
Cost of other revenues
   
5,774
   
5,943
   
19,170
   
16,327
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
   
36,422
   
16,277
   
104,263
   
45,521
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
                         
(exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately above)
   
16,837
   
12,147
   
52,229
   
74,924
 
Total costs and expenses
   
445,278
   
379,548
   
1,335,625
   
1,081,721
 
                           
Income from operations
   
29,440
   
18,141
   
117,084
   
45,759
 
                           
Other income (expense):
                         
Interest expense
   
(10,735
)
 
(6,636
)
 
(31,798
)
 
(19,400
)
Interest income
   
156
   
197
   
514
   
675
 
Miscellaneous income (expense), net
   
427
   
50
   
2,123
   
40
 
Total other income (expense), net
   
(10,152
)
 
(6,389
)
 
(29,161
)
 
(18,685
)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
                         
and minority interest
   
19,288
   
11,752
   
87,923
   
27,074
 
Income tax expense
   
4,744
   
3,542
   
23,040
   
15,141
 
Minority interest
   
   
   
   
2,918
 
Income from continuing operations
   
14,544
   
8,210
   
64,883
   
9,015
 
                           
Discontinued operations:
                         
Loss from discontinued operations before income taxes and
                         
minority interest
   
   
   
   
(379
)
Income tax benefit
   
   
   
   
(93
)
Minority interest
   
   
   
   
(72
)
Loss from discontinued operations
   
   
   
   
(214
)
                           
Net income
 
$
14,544
 
$
8,210
 
$
64,883
 
$
8,801
 
                           
Net income per basic and diluted share, as adjusted in 2005
                         
Income from continuing operations
 
$
0.23
   
0.13
 
$
1.01
   
0.17
 
Loss from discontinued operations
   
-
   
-
   
-
   
(0.01
)
Net income per basic and diluted share
 
$
0.23
 
$
0.13
 
$
1.01
 
$
0.16
 
                           
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
                         




 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
 
(In thousands)
 
           
           
           
   
Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
           
Operating activities:
         
Net income
 
$
64,883
   
8,801
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
             
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
   
104,263
   
45,805
 
Amortization of debt issuance costs
   
1,712
   
1,325
 
Accretion of asset retirement obligation
   
3,472
   
2,463
 
Virginia tax credit
   
   
(343
)
Stock-based compensation - non-cash
   
15,815
   
35,694
 
            Amortization of deferred gains on sales of property interests
   
(745
)
 
(595
)
Amortization of deferred gain on railroad incentives
   
(154
)
 
(478
)
Gain on sale of fixed assets, net
   
(621
)
 
(11
)
Gain on sale of discontinued operations
   
   
(704
)
Loss on settlement of asset retirement obligation
   
322
   
490
 
Provision for non-recoupable advance royalties
   
469
   
 
Minority interest
   
   
2,846
 
Deferred income taxes
   
7,189
   
2,668
 
Other
   
628
   
44
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
             
Trade accounts receivable
   
(25,307
)
 
(56,073
)
Notes and other receivables
   
3,664
   
(1,087
)
Inventories
   
15,620
   
(48,294
)
                Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
1,729
   
13,438
 
Other assets
   
(3,162
)
 
(5,148
)
Trade accounts payable
   
(33,154
)
 
20,868
 
                Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
   
(15,442
)
 
(4,691
)
Workers’ compensation benefits
   
1,038
   
367
 
Postretirement medical benefits
   
6,683
   
6,589
 
Asset retirement obligation
   
(1,837
)
 
(2,919
)
Other liabilities
   
1,252
   
569
 
           
 Net cash provided by operating activities
   
148,317
   
21,624
 
               



           
           
ALPHA NATURAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) - (Continued)
 
(In thousands)
 
           
           
           
   
Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
           
Investing activities:
         
Capital expenditures
 
$
(110,538
)
 
(95,919
)
    Proceeds from disposition of property, plant, and equipment
   
1,060
   
5,282
 
Investment in and advances to investee
   
(228
)
 
(1,234
)
Purchase of acquired companies
   
(28,273
)
 
(961
)
Collections on note receivable from coal supplier
   
3,000
   
4,442
 
Payment of additional consideration on prior acquisition
   
   
(5,000
)
Other
   
(501
)
 
 
               
 Net cash used in investing activities
   
(135,480
)
 
(93,390
)
               
Financing activities:
             
Repayments of notes payable
   
(55,477
)
 
(12,413
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
   
287,000
   
73,000
 
Repayments on long-term debt
   
(289,585
)
 
(1,323
)
Increase in bank overdraft
   
18,574
   
5,483
 
Proceeds from initial public offering, net of offering costs
   
   
598,066
 
Repayment of restructuring notes payable
   
   
(517,692
)
    Distributions to prior members of ANR Holdings, LLC subsequent to Internal Restructuring
   
(2,400
)
 
(72,335
)
    Distributions to prior members of ANR Holdings, LLC prior to Internal Restructuring
   
   
(7,732
)
Debt issuance costs
   
   
(568
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
   
953
   
 
 
         
                     Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
   
(40,935
)
 
64,486
 
 
             
                     Net (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   
(28,098
)
 
(7,280
)
               
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
39,622
   
7,391
 
               
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
11,524
   
111
 
       
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
     

ALPHA NATURAL RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
September 30, 2006
(In thousands, except percentages and share data)
(1) Business and Basis of Presentation

Organization and Business

Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. and its operating subsidiaries are engaged in the business of extracting, processing and marketing coal from deep and surface mines, located in the Central and Northern Appalachian regions of the United States, for sale to utility and steel companies in the United States and in international markets.

On February 11, 2005, Alpha Natural Resources, Inc., a Delaware corporation (Alpha) succeeded to the business of ANR Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (ANR Holdings) in a series of internal restructuring transactions which are referred to collectively as the Internal Restructuring, and on February 18, 2005, Alpha completed the initial public offering of its common stock. Prior to the Internal Restructuring, ANR Fund IX Holdings, L.P. and Alpha NR Holding, Inc. (the FR Affiliates), entities under the common control of First Reserve GP IX, Inc., were the owners of 54.7% of the membership interests in ANR Holdings, and the remaining membership interests in ANR Holdings were held by affiliates of American Metals & Coal International, Inc. (AMCI), Alpha Coal Management, LLC (ACM) and Madison Capital Funding, LLC. The financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 are presented on a combined basis including the combined financial results for the FR Affiliates and subsidiaries for the period from January 1, 2005 to February 11, 2005, and the consolidated results for Alpha and subsidiaries from February 12, 2005 to September 30, 2005. The financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2006 are presented on a consolidated basis. The entities included in the accompanying financial statements are collectively referred to as “the Company.”


Basis of Presentation

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial reporting. Accounting measurements at interim dates inherently rely on estimates more than at year-end; however, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2006 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2006. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related notes as of and for the year ended December 31, 2005 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

In the course of preparing the second quarter 2006 financial statements, the Company and its independent auditors identified certain forward purchase and forward sale contracts that are considered derivative instruments under SFAS No. 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities (“SFAS 133”) that do not qualify under the “normal purchase and normal sales” exception. Transactions that do not qualify for this exception are required to be marked to market or accounted for as a hedge.

Accordingly, the Company reviewed these contracts to assess the impact, if any, that mark-to-market adjustments would have had on previously issued financial statements. Upon completion of that review, the Company concluded that previously issued financial statements were not materially misstated.

At the beginning of the second quarter of 2006, the Company recorded adjustments to mark to market all its open contracts for coal sales and purchases in the over-the-counter market (OTC) and certain third party purchase and sales contracts. These adjustments resulted in an increase in coal sales revenue of $3,057 and a decrease in cost of coal sales of $564, resulting in a net after-tax increase to net income in the amount of $2,656. The Company has assessed the impact of these adjustments and does not believe these amounts are material to any previously issued financial statements or to its expected annual results for 2006.

During the third quarter ended September 30, 2006, the Company reduced coal sales revenue related to mark-to-market losses on OTC coal sales transactions in the amount of $1,789 and increased expense related to mark-to-market losses on OTC coal purchase transactions in cost of coal sales in the amount of $270, resulting in an after tax net income reduction of $1,496.
 
At September 30, 2006, the Company had unrealized gains (losses) on open sales and purchases contracts in the amount of $4,119 and ($1,843), respectively. These amounts are recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets and accrued expenses and other current liabilities, respectively.
 
(2) Earnings Per Share
 
Due to the Internal Restructuring on February 11, 2005 and initial public offering of common stock completed on February 18, 2005, the calculation of earnings per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 reflects certain adjustments, as described below.
 
The numerator for purposes of computing basic and diluted net income (loss) per share, as adjusted for the nine months ended September 30, 2005, includes the reported net income (loss) and a pro forma adjustment for income taxes to reflect the pro forma income taxes for ANR Fund IX Holdings, L.P.’s portion of reported pre-tax income (loss), which would have been recorded if the issuance of the shares of common stock received by the FR Affiliates in exchange for their ownership in ANR Holdings in connection with the Internal Restructuring had occurred as of January 1, 2005. For purposes of the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share, as adjusted, the pro forma adjustment for income taxes only applies to the percentage interest owned by ANR Fund IX Holding, L.P., the non-taxable FR Affiliate. No pro forma adjustment for income taxes is required for the percentage interest owned by Alpha NR Holding, Inc., the taxable FR Affiliate, because income taxes have already been recorded in the historical results of operations. Furthermore, no pro forma adjustment to reported net income (loss) is necessary subsequent to February 11, 2005 because Alpha is subject to income taxes.
 
The denominator for purposes of computing basic net income (loss) per share, as adjusted for the three months ended September 30, 2005 and the nine months ended September 30, 2005, reflects the retroactive impact of the common shares received by the FR Affiliates in exchange for their ownership in ANR Holdings in connection with the Internal Restructuring on a weighted-average outstanding share basis as being outstanding as of January 1, 2005. The common shares issued to the minority interest owners of ANR Holdings in connection with the Internal Restructuring, including the immediately vested shares granted to management, have been reflected as being outstanding as of February 11, 2005 for purposes of computing the basic net income (loss) per share, as adjusted. The unvested shares granted to management on February 11, 2005 that vest monthly over the two-year period from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2006 are included in the basic net income (loss) per share, as adjusted, computation as they vest on a weighted-average outstanding share basis starting on February 11, 2005. The 33,925,000 new shares issued in connection with the initial public offering have been reflected as being outstanding since February 14, 2005, the date of the initial public offering, for purposes of computing the basic net income (loss) per share, as adjusted.
 
The unvested shares issued to management are considered options for purposes of computing diluted net income (loss) per share, as adjusted. Therefore, for diluted purposes, all remaining unvested shares granted to management are added to the denominator subsequent to February 11, 2005 using the treasury stock method, if the effect is dilutive. In addition, the treasury stock method is used for outstanding stock options, if dilutive, beginning with the November 10, 2004 grant of options to management to purchase units in ACM that were automatically converted into options to purchase up to 596,985 shares of Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. common stock at an exercise price of $12.73 per share.




The computations of basic and diluted net income per share, as adjusted in 2005, are set forth below:

 
   
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
2006
 
2005
 
Numerator:
                         
Reported income from continuing operations
 
$
14,544
 
$
8,210
 
$
64,883
 
$
9,015
 
Deduct: Income tax effect of ANR Fund IX Holdings, L.P.
income from continuing operations prior to Internal Restructuring
   
-
   
-
   
-
   
(91
)
                           
    Income from continuing operations, as adjusted
   
14,544
   
8,210
   
64,883
   
8,924
 
                           
Reported income (loss) from discontinued operations
   
   
   
   
(214
)
Deduct: Income tax effect of ANR fund IX Holdings, L.P.
loss from discontinued operations prior to Internal Restructuring.
   
   
   
   
2
 
    Loss from discontinued operations, as adjusted
   
   
   
   
(212
)
                           
Net income, as adjusted
 
$
14,544
 
$
8,210
 
$
64,883
 
$
8,712
 
                           
Denominator:
                         
    Weighted average shares - basic
   
64,191,811
   
61,259,314
   
64,003,215
   
53,184,066
 
    Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock awards
   
22,921
   
648,706
   
105,551
   
382,403
 
    Weighted average shares - diluted
   
64,214,732
   
61,908,020
   
64,108,766
   
53,566,469
 
                           
Net income per basic and diluted share, as adjusted in 2005:
                         
    Income from continuing operations
 
$
0.23
 
$
0.13
 
$
1.01
 
$
0.17
 
    Income (loss) from discontinued operations
   
   
   
   
(0.01
)
    Net income per basic and diluted share
 
$
0.23
 
$
0.13
 
$
1.01
 
$
0.16
 


 (3) Inventories
 
    Inventories consisted of the following:
 
   
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
           
Raw coal
 
$
5,876
 
$
6,401
 
Saleable coal
   
55,447
   
65,318
 
Materials and supplies
   
12,265
   
13,166
 
               
    Total inventories
 
$
73,588
 
$
84,885
 




(4) Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consisted of the following:

   
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
           
Term loan
 
$
248,125
 
$
250,000
 
10% Senior Notes due 2012
   
175,000
   
175,000
 
Variable rate term notes
   
   
293
 
Capital lease obligations
   
1,689
   
1,496
 
               
    Total long-term debt
   
424,814
   
426,789
 
               
Less current portion
   
3,239
   
3,242
 
               
    Long-term debt, net of current portion
 
$
421,575
 
$
423,547
 

The Company manages its overall exposure to fluctuations in interest rates by entering into interest rate hedging transactions to achieve an appropriate mix of fixed and floating-rate instruments within its debt portfolio. The Company entered into a $233,125 (notional amount) interest rate swap, effective May 9, 2006 until October 21, 2012, which has been designated as a cash flow hedge. Under the terms of the interest rate swap, the Company receives variable interest rate payments based upon a 3-month LIBOR and makes fixed interest rate payments of 5.59% plus an applicable margin of 1.75% at September 30, 2006. When the hedged debt and swap are considered together, the combined cash flows are the equivalent of paying a fixed rate of interest of 5.59% on debt of $233,125 through October 21, 2012. Settlements paid on the swap agreement for the three months ended and nine months ended September 30, 2006 were $54 and $182, respectively. Net amounts to be paid or received under the interest rate swap agreement are accrued as an adjustment to interest expense. Any change in fair value of the underlying hedge is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income. As of September 30, 2006 the fair value of the interest rate swap was a liability of $7,354.

(5) Asset Retirement Obligation

At September 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, the Company has recorded asset retirement obligation accruals for mine reclamation and closure costs totaling $63,001 and $53,487, respectively. The portion of the costs expected to be incurred within a year in the amounts of $6,614 and $7,191 at September 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively, are included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities. These regulatory obligations are secured by surety bonds in the amount of $134,538 at September 30, 2006 and $116,680 at December 31, 2005. Changes in the reclamation obligation were as follows:


    Total asset retirement obligation at December 31, 2005
 
$
53,487
 
         
Accretion
   
3,472
 
Sites added
   
8,406
 
Expenditures
   
(2,803
)
Changes in estimates
   
117
 
Settlement of asset retirement obligation
   
322
 
    Total asset retirement obligation at September 30, 2006
 
$
63,001
 

(6) Stock-Based Compensation Awards

Adoption of New Accounting Method

Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 123(R), “Share-Based Payment” (SFAS 123R), which requires that the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all stock-based payment awards made to employees and directors be based on estimated fair value over the requisite service or vesting period. Prior to January 1, 2006, the Company measured stock-based compensation expense using the intrinsic value method of accounting in accordance with Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees,” and related interpretations (APB 25).

In adopting SFAS 123R, the Company has elected to use the modified prospective transition method and accordingly, has not restated results from prior periods. Under this transition method, stock-based compensation expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2006 includes compensation expense for all stock-based compensation awards granted prior to, but not yet vested as of January 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the original provisions of SFAS No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation” (SFAS 123). Stock-based compensation expense for all awards granted after December 31, 2005 is also based on the grant-date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of SFAS 123R.

Stock-based compensation expense measured in accordance with SFAS 123R totaled $5,870 ($5,138 on a net-of-tax basis, or $0.08 per basic and diluted share) for the three months ended September 30, 2006 and $15,815 ($14,143 on a net-of-tax basis, or $0.22 per basic and diluted share) for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. The adoption of SFAS 123R resulted in increased expense of approximately $467 ($339 on a net-of-tax basis, or $0.01 per basic and diluted share) for the three months ended September 30, 2006 and $1,401 ($1,026 on a net-of-tax basis, or $0.02 per basic and diluted share) for the nine months ended September 30, 2006 as compared to the stock-based compensation expense that would have been recorded pursuant to APB  25.

Approximately 90% of stock-based compensation expense is reported as selling, general and administrative expenses and is included in the Corporate and Eliminations category for segment reporting purposes (Note 9). Approximately 10% of the stock-based compensation expense was recorded as part of the Cost of Sales category on the condensed consolidated statement of income. No stock-based compensation costs were capitalized in the condensed consolidated balance sheet for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. Under SFAS 123R the Company is required to report the benefits of income tax deductions that exceed recognized compensation as cash flow from financing activities. Such excess tax benefits were insignificant for the nine months ended September 30, 2006.



The following table illustrates the effect on the net income, as adjusted, and the net income per basic and diluted share as if the Company had applied the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS 123R to stock-based compensation for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2005.


   
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
   
2005
 
2005
 
Net income, as adjusted (Note 2)
 
$
8,210
 
$
8,712
 
Add: loss from discontinued operations
   
   
214
 
Add: share-based employee compensation cost, included in net loss, as adjusted, net of income taxes and minority interest
   
2,362
   
40,391
 
Deduct: share-based employee compensation cost determined under the fair value based method, net of income taxes and minority interest
   
(2,572
)
 
(40,945
)
Pro forma net income, adjusted for effect of fair value of stock options
 
$
8,000
 
$
8,372
 
               
Net income per share - basic and diluted, adjusted for stock based compensation
 
$
0.13
 
$
0.16
 


 
The fair value of stock options granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2005 was estimated on the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions:


Expected life (years)
   
4.0
 
Expected volatility
   
38.0
%
Risk-free interest rate
   
3.38
%
Expected annual dividend
 
$
0.10
 


The Expected life for options represents an estimate of the period of time the stock options are expected to remain outstanding. The Company’s expected life is based upon a review of academic research on employee exercise behavior on comparable size companies with similar contractual lives and vesting periods because of the lack of history at Alpha.

The Expected volatility assumption is based on stock price volatility of a group of publicly traded industry peers as a proxy because the Company was not publicly traded at the time the options were granted.

The Risk-free interest rate assumption is based upon the yield on a U.S. Treasury strip (i.e., zero coupon bond) with a remaining life equal to the four-year expected life of the options.

The Expected annual dividend was based upon the Company’s expected dividend policy. The quarterly expected dividend range is between $.02 and $.03, or $.08 and $.12 per year. A mid-range was chosen to be included in the assumption above, however, the Company does not currently pay a dividend.

No stock options have been granted during the first nine months of 2006.

Disclosure of Share-Based Payment Arrangements

In November 2004, ACM adopted the Alpha Coal Management LLC 2004 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “Alpha Coal Management Long-Term Incentive Plan”) to provide equity-based incentive compensation to those key employees and others who make significant contributions to the strategic and long-term performance objectives and growth of the Company. On November 10, 2004, ACM granted options to purchase 800,000 units of ACM to 22 members of the Company’s management team under the Alpha Coal Management Long-Term Incentive Plan. These options vest over a period of five years (with accelerated vesting upon a change of control) and have a term of ten years. In connection with this grant of options, ACM entered into a letter agreement with ANR Holdings pursuant to which ANR Holdings agreed to issue to ACM additional membership interests representing sharing ratios in the aggregate amount equal to 1% of the outstanding membership interests upon exercise of awards granted by ACM under the Alpha Coal Management Long-Term Incentive Plan. In connection with the Internal Restructuring on February 11, 2005, this plan was amended and restated, the outstanding options to purchase units of ACM were automatically converted into options to purchase shares of Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. common stock and Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. assumed the obligations of ACM pursuant to this plan. After the Internal Restructuring, there were outstanding under the plan options to purchase an aggregate of 596,985 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $12.73 per share. No additional options or awards will be granted under the plan.

As part of the Internal Restructuring, the officers and employees who were members of ACM contributed all of their interest in ANR Holdings to Alpha in exchange for 2,772,157 shares of Alpha common stock. Pursuant to the stockholder agreement, an aggregate of 1,344,930 shares of common stock held by the Company’s executives were unvested on the grant date and subject to forfeiture. The stockholder agreement provides that an executive holding unvested shares whose employment is terminated by us for cause, as defined in the stockholder agreement, or who voluntarily terminates his employment will forfeit all of the unvested shares if the termination is prior to December 31, 2005 and one half of the unvested shares if the termination is after December 31, 2005 and prior to December 31, 2006. The stockholder agreement also provides that an executive holding unvested shares whose employment is terminated by the Company without cause, or due to retirement, death or disability, will become vested upon termination in a percentage of the total shares initially subject to vesting equal to the number of full calendar months then elapsed since December 31, 2004 divided by 24. The stockholder agreement further provides that vesting of all unvested shares will accelerate upon a change of control of the Company, as defined in the stockholder agreement.

In connection with the Internal Restructuring, Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. adopted, and its stockholders approved, the Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “Long-Term Incentive Plan”). The principal purpose of the Long-Term Incentive Plan is to attract, motivate, reward and retain selected employees, consultants and directors through the granting of stock-based compensation awards. The Long-Term Incentive Plan provides for a variety of awards, including non-qualified stock options, incentive stock options (within the meaning of Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended), stock appreciation rights, unvested shares, dividend equivalents, performance-based awards and other stock-based awards. The total number of shares of Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. common stock initially available for issuance or delivery under the Long-Term Incentive Plan is 3,338,841 shares, and the maximum number of shares that may be subject to awards made to any one plan participant in any fiscal year will be 2,000,000 shares.

On February 11, 2005 the Company granted certain of its executive officers, directors and key employees options to purchase an aggregate of 692,905 shares of Alpha Natural Resources, Inc. common stock at the initial public offering price of $19.00 per share. During the remainder of 2005, an additional 70,000 stock options were granted as well as 12,000 nonvested shares of stock. All options granted during 2005 pursuant to the Long-Term Incentive Plan vest over a period of five years and have a term of ten years. The nonvested shares of stock vest over a three-year period. In the nine months ended September 30, 2006, all awards granted pursuant to the Long-Term Incentive Plan consisted of nonvested shares and performance shares. The nonvested shares generally vest in one-third increments on January 1, 2007, 2008 and 2009. The performance share awards entitle the grantee to receive a specified number of shares of Alpha common stock in the future, subject to the achievement of certain pre-established operating income and return on invested capital targets for the years 2006 through 2008. The performance share awards generally vest at the end of 2008.



Stock option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2006 is summarized in the following table:


       
Weighted-
 
Weighted-
 
       
Average
 
Average
 
   
Number of
 
Exercise
 
Remaining
 
   
Shares
 
Price
 
Contract Life
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2005
   
1,253,593
 
$
16.71
       
    Granted
   
   
       
    Exercised
   
(60,195
)
$
15.86
       
    Forfeited/Canceled
   
(56,000
)
$
19.00
       
Outstanding at September 30, 2006
   
1,137,398
 
$
16.64
   
8.28
 
Exercisable at September 30, 2006
   
174,041
   
17.24
   
8.31
 


The aggregate intrinsic value of options outstanding at September 30, 2006 was $933 and the aggregate intrinsic value of exercisable options was $247. Cash received from the exercise of stock options during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2006 was $0 and $953, respectively. As of September 30, 2006, $5,984 of pre-tax unrecognized compensation cost related to stock options is expected to be recognized as expense over a weighted-average period of 3.26 years.

Nonvested share award activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2006 is summarized in the following table:


   
Number of
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date
 
   
Shares
 
Fair Value
 
Non-vested shares outstanding at December 31, 2005
   
684,465
 
$
19.15
 
    Granted
   
519,242
   
21.26
 
    Vested
   
(526,965
)
 
19.21
 
    Forfeited
   
(34,737
)
 
24.85
 
Non-vested shares outstanding at September 30, 2006
   
642,005
 
 
20.50
 

The fair value of nonvested share awards is estimated based on the average of the high and low market stock price on the date of grant, and, for purposes of expense recognition, the total number of awards expected to vest is adjusted for estimated forfeitures. As of September 30, 2006, there was $8,063 of unamortized compensation cost related to nonvested shares which is expected to be recognized as expense over a weighted-average period of 2.20 years. This amount excludes $3,194 of unamortized costs remaining with respect to unvested shares issued in connection with the Internal Restructuring to certain officers and employees, which will be amortized over the remaining vesting period which ends December 31, 2006.

In addition to the above, the Company granted 148,268 performance share awards in March 2006, of which 133,411 remain outstanding as of September 30, 2006. Recipients of these awards will receive shares of Alpha common stock at the end of a three-year performance period which ends on December 31, 2008, based on the Company’s actual performance against pre-established operating income and return on invested capital targets. In order to receive the shares, the recipient must also be employed by the Company on the vesting date. The performance share awards represent the number of common shares to be awarded based on the achievement of targeted performance, however the actual number of shares to be awarded based on performance may range from 0 percent to 200 percent of the targeted amount. The grant date fair value of a performance share award is based on the closing market price of Alpha’s common stock on the date of award and is being amortized over the performance period. The Company reassesses at each reporting date whether achievement of the performance conditions is probable, as well as estimated forfeitures, and adjusts the accrual of compensation expense as appropriate. In the three and nine month ended September 30, 2006, the Company expensed $267 and $558, respectively. As of September 30, 2006, there was $2,419 of unamortized compensation cost related to performance share awards which is expected to be recognized as expense over the next 2.25 years.


 
(7) Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions

The following table details the components of the net periodic benefit cost for postretirement benefits other than pensions:


   
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
2006
 
2005
 
Service cost
 
$
960
 
$
940
 
$
2,880
 
$
2,884
 
Interest cost
   
706
   
601
   
2,119
   
1,856
 
Amortization of net (gain) or loss
   
47
   
10
   
140
   
19
 
Amortization of prior service cost
   
568
   
535
   
1,704
   
1,841
 
    Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
2,281
 
$
2,086
 
$
6,843
 
$
6,600
 

Employer contributions for benefits paid for the nine months ended September 30, 2006 and 2005 were $0 and $11, respectively. Employee contributions are not expected to be made and the plan is unfunded.

Two of the Company’s subsidiaries are required to make contributions to the 1993 UMWA Benefit Plan of fifty cents per signatory hour worked. The contributions that the Company made to this plan for the quarters ended September 30, 2006 and 2005 were $7 and $9, respectively, and $22 and $24 for the nine months ended September 30, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
 
(8) Related Party Transactions

The Company had the following receivable balances from affiliated parties as of September 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005:

   
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
           
AMCI
 
$
48
 
$
10,390
 
Robindale Energy and subsidiary
   
21
   
63
 
    Total
 
$
69
 
$
10,453
 

 
As of September 30, 2006, $48 of receivables from AMCI are included in notes and other receivables. As of December 31, 2005, $7,847 of receivables from AMCI were included in trade accounts receivable, net and $2,543 are included in notes and other receivables. The majority of the AMCI receivables at December 31, 2005 related to coal sales transactions in the normal course of business.

The Company had the following balances payable to affiliated parties as of September 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005:

   
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
           
AMCI
 
$
3,012
 
$
13,735
 
First Reserve Fund IX, L.P.
   
   
4,500
 
Foundation Energy
   
   
2,605
 
Robindale Energy and subsidiary
   
   
51
 
    Total
 
$
3,012
 
$
20,891
 

 
At December 31, 2005 and September 30, 2006, the amounts payable to AMCI of $13,735 and $3,012, respectively, are included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities. First Reserve Fund IX, L.P. is no longer a related party since it sold all of its remaining shares on January 25, 2006 and its two designees on Alpha’s Board of Directors resigned effective January 19 and 25, 2006 respectively.

(9) Segment Information

The Company extracts, processes and markets steam and metallurgical coal from surface and deep mines for sale to electric utilities, steel and coke producers, and industrial customers. The Company operates only in the United States with mines in the Central Appalachian and Northern Appalachian regions. The Company has one reportable segment: Coal Operations, which as of September 30, 2006, consisted of 39 underground mines and 27 surface mines located in Central Appalachia and Northern Appalachia. Coal Operations also includes the Company's purchased coal sales function, which markets the Company's Appalachian coal to domestic and international customers. The All Other category includes the Company's equipment sales and repair operations, as well as other ancillary business activities, including terminal services, trucking services, coal and environmental analysis services, and leasing of mineral rights. In addition, the All Other category includes revenue from the operation of the Company’s highway construction businesses. The Corporate and Eliminations category includes general corporate overhead and the elimination of intercompany transactions. The revenue elimination amount represents inter-segment revenues. The Company evaluates the performance of its segment based on EBITDA, which the Company defines as net income (loss) plus interest expense, income tax expense (benefit), depreciation, depletion and amortization, less interest income, with EBITDA, as adjusted including minority interest where appropriate. EBITDA, from continuing operations is defined as income from continuing operations plus interest expense, income tax expense (benefit), depreciation, depletion and amortization, less interest income, with EBITDA, as adjusted including minority interest where appropriate.
 
Operating segment results for continuing operations for the three months ended September 30, 2006 and segment assets as of September 30, 2006 were as follows:


           
Corporate
     
   
Coal
 
All
 
and
     
   
Operations
 
Other
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 
Revenues
 
$
466,936
 
$
20,395
 
$
(12,613
)
$
474,718
 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization
   
34,705
   
1,437
   
280
   
36,422
 
EBITDA
   
79,626
   
3,454
   
(16,791
)
 
66,289
 
Capital Expenditures
   
26,355
   
183
   
-
   
26,538
 
Total assets
 
$
1,116,413
 
$
88,843
 
$
(157,596
)
$
1,047,659
 


Operating segment results for continuing operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2006 and segment assets as of September 30, 2006 were as follows:


           
Corporate
     
   
Coal
 
All
 
and
     
   
Operations
 
Other
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 
Revenues
 
$
1,428,450
 
$
55,220
 
$
(30,961
)
$
1,452,709
 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization
   
97,837
   
4,851
   
1,575
   
104,263
 
EBITDA
   
267,337
   
8,348
   
(52,215
)
 
223,470
 
Capital Expenditures
   
103,227
   
6,208
   
1,103
   
110,538
 
Total assets
 
$
1,116,413
 
$
88,843
 
$
(157,596
)
$
1,047,659
 




Operating segment results for continuing operations for the three months ended September 30, 2005 and segment assets as of September 30, 2005 were as follows:


           
Corporate
     
   
Coal
 
All
 
and
     
   
Operations
 
Other
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 
Revenues
 
$
394,331
 
$
9,084
 
$
(5,726
)
$
397,689
 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization
   
15,543
   
361
   
373
   
16,277
 
EBITDA
   
46,144
   
468
   
(12,144
)
 
34,468
 
Capital Expenditures
   
29,312
   
   
86
   
29,398
 
Total assets
 
$
536,792
 
$
72,019
 
$
13,287
 
$
622,098
 

Operating segment results for continuing operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 and segment assets as of September 30, 2005 were as follows:


           
Corporate
     
   
Coal
 
All
 
and
     
   
Operations
 
Other
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 
Revenues
 
$
1,116,447
 
$
29,313
 
$
(18,280
)
$
1,127,480
 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization
   
43,037
   
1,149
   
1,335
   
45,521
 
EBITDA, as adjusted
   
162,519
   
2,809
   
(74,008
)
 
91,320
 
Capital Expenditures
   
94,770
   
322
   
517
   
95,609
 
Total assets
 
$
536,792
 
$
72,019
 
$
13,287
 
$
622,098
 

Reconciliation of total segment EBITDA, as adjusted, to income from continuing operations follows:

   
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
 
 
2006
 
2005
 
2006
 
2005
 
Total segment EBITDA, as adjusted for 2005, for continuing operations
 
$
66,289
 
$
34,468
 
$
223,470
 
$
91,320
 
Interest expense
   
(10,735
)
 
(6,636
)
 
(31,798
)
 
(19,400
)
Interest income
   
156
   
197
   
514
   
675
 
Income tax expense from continuing operations
   
(4,744
)
 
(3,542
)
 
(23,040
)
 
(15,141
)
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization from
continuing operations
   
(36,422
)
 
(16,277
)
 
(104,263
)
 
(45,521
)
Minority interest in income from continuing operations
   
   
   
   
(2,918
)
                           
Income from continuing operations
 
$
14,544
 
$
8,210
 
$
64,883
 
$
9,015
 

 
The Company markets produced, processed and purchased coal to customers in the United States and in international markets. Export revenues totaled $164,428 and $522,877 or approximately 35% and 36% of total revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2006, respectively. Export revenues were $156,243 and $501,014 or approximately 39% and 44%, respectively, of total revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005.

(10) Commitment and Contingencies

(a) Guarantees and Financial Instruments with Off-balance Sheet Risk

In the normal course of business, the Company is a party to certain guarantees and financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk, such as bank letters of credit and performance or surety bonds. No liabilities related to these arrangements are reflected in the Company's consolidated balance sheets. Management does not expect any material losses to result from these guarantees or off-balance sheet financial instruments. The amount of bank letters of credit outstanding as of September 30, 2006 is $74,094. The amount of surety bonds currently outstanding related to the Company's reclamation obligations is presented in note 5 to the condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company has provided guarantees for equipment financing obtained by certain of its contract mining operators totaling approximately $684. The estimated fair value of these guarantees is not significant.

 (b) Litigation

The Company is involved in various legal proceedings from time to time in the normal course of business. In management's opinion, the Company is not currently involved in any legal proceeding which individually or in the aggregate could have a material effect on the financial condition, results of operations and/or cash flows of the Company.

 (11) Discontinued Operations

On April 14, 2005, the Company sold the assets of its Colorado mining subsidiary, National King Coal LLC, and related trucking subsidiary, Gallup Transportation and Transloading Company, LLC (collectively, “NKC”), to an unrelated third party for cash in the amount of $4,400, plus an amount in cash equal to the fair market value of NKC’s coal inventory, and the assumption by the buyer of certain liabilities of NKC. The Company recorded a gain on the sale of NKC of $704 for the quarter and six months ended June 30, 2005. The results of operations of NKC for all periods have been reported in discontinued operations. National King Coal LLC was previously reported in the Coal Operations segment and Gallup Transportation and Transloading Company, LLC were previously reported in the All Other segment (note 9).
 
The following statement of operations data reflects the activity for the discontinued operation for nine months ended September 30, 2005:
 
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
 
   
2005
 
       
Total revenues
 
$
4,523
 
Total costs and expenses
   
5,607
 
Gain on sale of discontinued operations
   
704
 
    Loss from operations
   
(380
)
Miscellaneous income
   
1
 
Income tax benefit from discontinued operations
   
(93
)
Minority interest in income (loss) from discontinued operations
   
(72
)
         
Loss from discontinued operations
 
$
(214
)

(12) Income Taxes

The condensed consolidated statements of income for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 include activity both prior to and after the Internal Restructuring and initial public offering. Accordingly, the total income tax provision for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 is the sum of the provisions for the pre- and post-restructuring periods.

Prior to February 12, 2005, the minority interest owners and ANR Fund IX Holdings, L.P. owned interests in ANR Holdings, a limited liability company and pass-through entity for income tax purposes. As a pass-through entity, ANR Holdings provided information returns reflecting the allocated income (loss) to the minority interest owners and ANR Fund IX Holdings, L.P. based upon their respective ownership percentage and certain special allocations as provided by the limited liability company agreement and the Internal Revenue Code. The income tax consequences of the income (loss) allocated to these owners for the period from January 1, 2005 to February 11, 2005 is not reflected in the financial statements. For the 2005 period, only the income tax expense associated with Alpha NR Holding, Inc., a taxable entity, is included. The primary source of the income tax impact is derived from the allocated income (loss) from ANR Holdings, Alpha Natural Resources, LLC and its operating subsidiaries, all of which are pass-through entities for tax purposes. Subsequent to the Internal Restructuring and initial public offering, all of the income of ANR Holdings, and successor entities, is taxed to Alpha Natural Resources, Inc.

The income tax provision from continuing operations and discontinued operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2005 was as follows:
 
   
Three Months
 
Nine Months
 
   
Ended
 
Ended
 
   
2005
 
2005
 
           
Continuing Operations
 
$
3,542
 
$
15,141
 
Discontinued Operations
   
0
   
(93
)
   
$
3,542
 
$
15,048
 

 
 
Income tax expense of $4,744 was recorded for the three months ended September 30, 2006 on pre-tax income of $19,288, which equates to an effective tax rate of 24.6%. This rate is lower than the federal statutory rate of 35% due primarily to the tax benefits associated with percentage depletion and the extraterritorial income exclusion, partially offset by state income taxes, change in the valuation allowance, and the portion of the stock-based compensation charge associated with the issuance of common stock to management in connection with the Internal Restructuring and initial public offering which is not deductible for tax purposes. Income tax expense of $3,542 was recorded for the three months ended September 30, 2005 on pre-tax income of $11,752, which equates to an effective rate of 30.1%. This rate is lower than the federal statutory rate of 35% due primarily to the tax benefits associated with percentage depletion and the extra territorial income exclusion, partially offset by state income taxes and the portion of the stock-based compensation charge associated with the issuance of common stock to management in connection with the Internal Restructuring and initial public offering which is not deductible for tax purposes.

Income tax expense of $23,040 was recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2006 on pre-tax income of $87,923 which equates to an effective tax rate of 26.2%. This rate is lower than the federal statutory rate of 35% due primarily to the tax benefits associated with percentage depletion and the extraterritorial income exclusion, partially offset by state income taxes, change in the valuation allowance, and the portion of the stock-based compensation charge associated with the issuance of common stock to management in connection with the Internal Restructuring and initial public offering, which is not deductible for tax purposes. Income tax expense of $15,141 was recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2005 on pre-tax income from continuing operations of $27,074, which equates to an effective tax rate of 55.9%. This rate is higher than the federal statutory rate of 35% due primarily to the majority of the stock-based compensation charge associated with the issuance of common stock to management in connection with the Internal Restructuring and initial public offering not being deductible for tax purposes. The increase in expected income tax expense related to the stock-based compensation charge is offset in part by the tax benefits associated with percentage depletion, the extraterritorial income exclusion, and taxes not being provided for on the minority interest and pass-through entity owners’ respective shares for the period prior to the restructuring.

A reconciliation of the statutory federal income tax expense at 35% to income from continuing operations before income taxes and minority interest, and the actual income tax expense is as follows:


   
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
   
2006
 
2005
 
2006
 
2005
 
                   
Federal statutory income tax expense
 
$
6,750
 
$
4,114
 
$
30,773
 
$
9,476
 
Increases (reductions) in taxes due to:
                         
    Percentage depletion allowance
   
(5,728
)
 
(1,137
)
 
(15,669
)
 
(7,700
)
    Extraterritorial income exclusion
   
(536
)
 
(541
)
 
(1,418
)
 
(1,246
)
    Deduction for domestic production activities
   
133
   
(68
)
 
(133
)
 
(347
)
    State taxes, net of federal tax impact
   
840
   
342
   
2,611
   
1,398
 
    Stock-based compensation
   
1,369
   
1,031
   
3,598
   
14,385
 
    Change in valuation allowance
   
1,472
   
(260
)
 
2,461
   
137
 
    Taxes not provided for minority interest
   
   
   
   
(1,001
)
    Taxes not provided for pass-through entity
   
   
   
   
(133
)
    Other, net
   
444
   
61
   
817
   
172
 
                           
    Actual income tax expense
 
$
4,744
 
$
3,542
 
$
23,040
 
$
15,141
 


The Company has not been in business long enough to develop a strong earnings history (objective evidence to be considered under generally accepted accounting principles to support realization of its deferred tax assets), and it is likely that the alternative minimum tax will exceed the regular tax for the foreseeable future. Accordingly, the Company has recorded a valuation allowance for its net deferred tax assets of $109,312 and $93,525 as of September 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively. The Company monitors the valuation allowance each quarter and makes adjustments to the allowance as appropriate based primarily upon projected future earnings and the projected utilization of deferred tax assets for a limited period of time.

Alpha continues to develop an earnings history which will be considered significant objective positive evidence when assessing the need for a valuation allowance. The Company expects that by the end of the fourth quarter of 2006, it will have three consecutive years of positive earnings history. Accordingly, during the fourth quarter, the Company will perform a comprehensive analysis of its ability to realize its deferred tax asset. The analysis will include consideration of its ability to place reliance on future income projections for a longer period into the future, due to the fact that it likely will have a three-year earnings history at that point. Based upon that analysis, the Company may conclude that a substantial portion of its valuation allowance may be reversed to net income.



 (13) Progress Acquisition

On May 1, 2006, the Company completed the acquisition of certain coal mining operations in eastern Kentucky from Progress Fuels Corp, a subsidiary of Progress Energy for $28,273, including a preliminary adjustment for working capital. The purchase price is subject to a post-closing adjustment based on actual working capital levels. The Progress acquisition consisted of the purchase of the outstanding capital stock of White Diamond May Coal Co. and Progress Land Corp. and the assets of Kentucky May Coal Co., Inc. The operations acquired are adjacent to Alpha’s Enterprise business unit and have been integrated with Enterprise.

(14) Comprehensive Income

Total comprehensive income is as follows:
 
   
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
   
2006
 
2006
 
           
Net income
 
$
14,544
   
64,883
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
   
(6,829
)
 
(7,354
)
               
Total comprehensive income
 
$
7,715
 
$
57,529
 

Other comprehensive income (loss) includes the unrealized loss on interest rate swaps, which are accounted for as cash flow hedges.
 
(15) New Accounting Pronouncements

In July 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued FASB Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes—an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109 (FIN 48), which clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in tax positions. FIN 48 requires that the Company recognize in its financial statements the impact of a tax position if it is more likely than not the position will be sustained on audit, based on the technical merits of the position. The provisions of FIN 48 are effective as of the beginning of Alpha’s 2007 fiscal year, with the cumulative effect of the change in accounting principle recorded as an adjustment to opening retained earnings. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting FIN 48 on its financial statements.

In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measures” (“SFAS 157”). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and enhances disclosures about fair value measures required under other accounting pronouncements, but does not change existing guidance as to whether or not an instrument is carried at fair value. SFAS No. 157 is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. The Company is currently reviewing the provisions of SFAS 157 to determine the impact on the Company’s financial statements.
 
In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 158, “Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans” (“SFAS 158”). SFAS 158 amends SFAS 87, “Employers’ Accounting for Pensions” (“SFAS 87”), SFAS 88, “Employers’ Accounting for Settlements and Curtailments of Defined Benefit Plans and for Termination Benefits” (“SFAS 88”), SFAS 106, “Employers’ Accounting for Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions” (“SFAS 106”) and SFAS 132(R), “Employers’ Disclosures about Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits.” Effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2006, SFAS 158 requires balance sheet recognition of the funded status for all pension and postretirement benefit plans. The impact of initial adjustment shall be recorded as an adjustment of other accumulated comprehensive income. Subsequent changes in funded status shall be recognized as a component of other comprehensive income to the extent they have not yet been recognized as a component of net periodic benefit cost pursuant to SFAS 87, SFAS 88 or SFAS 106. As further described in Note 7, the Company has postretirement benefit plans that will be subject to the provisions of SFAS 158. At this time, we have not yet determined what the funded status of these plans will be at December 31, 2006, the end of our fiscal year. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting FASB No. 158 on our financial statements.
 
In September 2006, the Securities and Exchange Commission issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108, “Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements” (“SAB 108”), which provides interpretive guidance on the consideration of the effects of prior year misstatements in quantifying current year misstatements for the purpose of a materiality assessment. SAB 108 is effective as of the end of our 2006 fiscal year, allowing a one-time transitional cumulative effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings as of January 1, 2006 for errors that were not previously deemed material, but are material under the guidance in SAB 108. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting SAB 108 on our financial statements.
 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

You should read the following discussion and analysis in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report. The combined historical financial information discussed below for all periods prior to the completion of our Internal Restructuring on February 11, 2005, is for ANR Fund IX Holdings, L.P. and Alpha NR Holding, Inc. and subsidiaries, which prior to the completion of our Internal Restructuring were the owners of a majority of the membership interests of ANR Holdings, and for all periods after our Internal Restructuring is for Alpha Natural Resources, Inc., the owner of 100% of the membership interests of ANR Holdings after our Internal Restructuring.



Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

This report includes statements of our expectations, intentions, plans and beliefs that constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are intended to come within the safe harbor protection provided by those sections. These statements, which involve risks and uncertainties, relate to analyses and other information that are based on forecasts of future results and estimates of amounts not yet determinable and may also relate to our future prospects, developments and business strategies. We have used the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,”, “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “predict,” “project”, “should” and similar terms and phrases, including references to assumptions, in this report to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are made based on expectations and beliefs concerning future events affecting us and are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to our operations and business environment, all of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control, that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those matters expressed in or implied by these forward-looking statements.

The following factors are among those that may cause actual results to differ materially from our forward-looking statements:

 market demand for coal, electricity and steel;

 future economic or capital market conditions;

 weather conditions or catastrophic weather-related damage;

 our production capabilities;

 the consummation of financing, acquisition or disposition transactions and the effect thereof on our business;

 our ability to successfully integrate the operations we acquired in the Nicewonder and Progress acquisitions with our existing operations, and to successfully operate the highway construction business we acquired in the Nicewonder acquisition, as well as our ability to successfully integrate operations we may acquire in the future;

 our plans and objectives for future operations and expansion or consolidation;

 our relationships with, and other conditions affecting, our customers;

 timing of changes in customer coal inventories;

 long-term coal supply arrangements;

 inherent risks of coal mining beyond our control;

 environmental laws, including those directly affecting our coal mining and production, and those affecting our customers’ coal usage;

 competition in coal markets;

 railroad, barge, truck and other transportation performance and costs;

 availability of mining and processing equipment and parts;

 the geological characteristics of Central and Northern Appalachian coal reserves;

 our assumptions concerning economically recoverable coal reserve estimates;

 availability of skilled employees and other employee workforce factors;

 regulatory and court decisions;

 future legislation and changes in regulations, governmental policies or taxes;

 changes in postretirement benefit obligations;

 our liquidity, results of operations and financial condition; and

 other factors, including the other factors discussed in “Overview - Coal Pricing Trends and Uncertainties” and “Outlook” below, and the factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” section of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005.

When considering these forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the cautionary statements in this report and the documents incorporated by reference. We do not undertake any responsibility to release publicly any revisions to these forward-looking statements to take into account events or circumstances that occur after the date of this report. Additionally, we do not undertake any responsibility to update you on the occurrence of any unanticipated events which may cause actual results to differ from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in this report.

Overview

We produce, process and sell steam and metallurgical coal from eight regional business units, which, as of  September 30, 2006, are supported by 39 active underground mines, 27 active surface mines and 11 preparation plants located throughout Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania. We also sell coal produced by others through third-party purchase contracts or in the over-the-counter market, the majority of which we process and/or blend with coal produced from our mines prior to resale, providing us with a higher overall margin for the blended product than if we had sold the coals separately. For the three months ended September 30, 2006 and nine months ended September 30, 2006, sales of steam coal were 5.1 and 14.3 million tons, respectively, which accounted for approximately 69% and 65%, respectively, of our coal sales volume during each of these periods. For the three months ended September 30, 2006 and nine months ended September 30, 2006, sales of metallurgical coal, which generally sells at a premium over steam coal, were 2.3 and 7.7 million tons, respectively, which accounted for approximately 31% and 35%, respectively, of our coal sales volume during each of these periods. Our sales of steam coal during the first three quarters of 2006 were made primarily to large utilities and industrial customers in the Eastern region of the United States, and our sales of metallurgical coal during the period were made primarily to steel companies in the Northeastern and Midwestern regions of the United States and in several countries in Europe, Asia and South America. Approximately 37% of our coal sales revenue including freight and handling in the first nine months of 2006 was derived from sales made outside the United States, primarily in Canada, Italy, Romania, India, Brazil and Turkey.

In addition, we generate other revenues from highway construction, equipment and parts sales, equipment repair income, rentals, royalties, commissions, coal handling, terminal and processing fees, and coal and environmental analysis fees. We also record revenue for freight and handling charges incurred in delivering coal to our customers, which we treat as being reimbursed by our customers. However, these freight and handling revenues are offset by equivalent freight and handling costs and do not contribute to our profitability.

Our business is seasonal, with operating results varying from quarter to quarter. We generally experience lower sales and hence build coal inventory during the winter months primarily due to the freezing of lakes that we use to transport coal to some of our customers. In the first quarter of this year, the lakes opened for shipments earlier than normal due to milder weather, which lessened the impact of this lake effect on our operations in the first quarter of this year.

Our primary expenses are wages and benefits, supply costs, repair and maintenance expenditures, cost of purchased coal, royalties, freight and handling costs, and taxes incurred in selling our coal. Historically, our cost of coal sales per ton is lower for sales of our produced and processed coal than for sales of purchased coal that we do not process prior to resale.

We have one reportable segment, Coal Operations, which includes all of our revenues and costs from coal production and sales, freight and handling, rentals, commissions and coal handling and processing operations and coal recovery incidental to our highway construction operations. These revenues and costs included in our Coal Operations segment are reported by us in our coal revenues and cost of coal sales, except for the revenues and costs from rentals, commissions, and coal handling, processing operations and highway construction, which we report in our other revenues and cost of other revenues, respectively.

In the course of preparing the second quarter 2006 financial statements, the Company and its independent auditors identified certain forward purchase and forward sale contracts that are considered derivative instruments under SFAS No. 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities (“SFAS 133”) that do not qualify under the “normal purchase and normal sales” exception. Transactions that do not qualify for this exception are required to be marked to market or accounted for as a hedge.

Accordingly, the Company has reviewed these contracts to assess the impact, if any, that mark-to-market adjustments would have had on previously issued financial statements. Upon completion of that review, the Company concluded that previously issued financial statements were not materially misstated.

At the beginning of the second quarter of 2006, the Company recorded adjustments to mark to market all its open contracts coal sales and purchases in the over-the-counter market (OTC) and certain third party purchase and sales contracts. These adjustments resulted in an increase in coal sales revenue of $3.1 million and a decrease in cost of coal sales of $0.6 million, resulting in a net after-tax increase to net income in the amount of $2.7 million. The Company has assessed the impact of these adjustments and does not believe these amounts are material to any previously issued financial statements or to its expected annual results for 2006.

During the third quarter ended September 30, 2006, the Company reduced coal sales revenue related to mark-to-market losses on open OTC coal sales contracts in the amount of $1.8 million and increased expense related to mark-to-market losses on open OTC coal purchase contracts as cost of coal sales in the amount of $0.3 million, resulting in a reduction in earnings of $1.5 million for the quarter.
 
At September 30, 2006, the Company had unrealized gains (losses) on open sales and purchases contracts in the amount of $4.1 million and ($1.8 million), respectively. These amounts are recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets and accrued expenses and other current liabilities, respectively.
 

Coal Pricing Trends and Uncertainties.  During the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2006 when compared to the corresponding periods in 2005, prices for our coal increased 10% and 12%, respectively, due to a combination of conditions in the United States and internationally, including an improving U.S. economy, strong growth in the steel sector, relatively low customer stockpiles, limited availability of high-quality coal from competing producers in Central Appalachia, capacity constraints of U.S. nuclear-powered electricity generators, and increased international demand for U.S. coal. This strong coal pricing environment has contributed to our growth in revenues during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2006. While our outlook on coal pricing remains positive as noted below under “—Outlook,” future coal prices are subject to factors beyond our control and we cannot predict with certainty the future market environment. As of October 18, 2006, less than 20% and 65% of our expected production for 2007 and 2008 respectively, including the operations we acquired in the Progress acquisition, was uncommitted and was not yet priced.

During the first nine months of 2006, we continued to experience increased costs for purchased coal which have risen with coal prices generally, and increased operating costs for employee wages, salaries and benefits, diesel fuel, steel and rubber products, explosives, trucking and variable sales related costs such as royalties and severance taxes. We also experienced some disruptions in railroad service during the first nine months of 2006, which caused delays in delivering products to customers, lowered sales volume, and increased our internal coal handling costs.

We continued to experience a tight market for supplies of mining and processing equipment and parts during this quarter, due to increased demand by coal producers attempting to increase production in response to the strong market demand for coal. Although we are attempting to obtain adequate supplies of mining and processing equipment and parts to meet our production forecasts, continued limited availability of equipment and parts could prevent us from meeting those forecasts. The supply of mining and processing equipment and parts is subject to factors beyond our control and we cannot predict whether and for how long this supply market will remain limited.
 
During the third quarter, a small number of our deep mines experienced adverse geological conditions which resulted in lower yields of coal and higher costs. Geological conditions are beyond our control.
 
We are also experiencing a tight market for skilled mining employees, due to increased demand by coal producers attempting to increase production in response to the strong market demand for coal, and demographic changes as existing miners in Appalachia retire at a faster rate than new miners are added to the Appalachian mining workforce. Although we have initiated training programs to develop new skilled miners and raise the skill levels of existing miners, continued limited availability of skilled miners could prevent us from being able to meet our production and sales forecasts. The supply of skilled mining employees is subject to factors beyond our control and we cannot predict whether and for how long this employee market will remain limited. In addition, there is a learning curve for new inexperienced miners and we may not continue to achieve our historical levels of productivity particularly in our underground mines which has a direct effect on our production costs..
 
The MINER Act may have a significant impact on our productivity and costs. We can not, at this time, predict the total impact of the new legislation nor the delivery of rescue devises or other newly required equipment such as tracking devices.
 
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures

The following unaudited table reconciles EBITDA and EBITDA, as adjusted, to net income, the mostly directly comparable GAAP measure.
 
 
 
 
Three months ended
September 30, 
 
Nine months ended
September 30, 
 
 
 
2006 
 
2005 
 
2006 
 
2005
 
   
(in thousands)
 
Net income
 
$
14,544
 
$
8,210
 
$
64,883
 
$
8,801
 
Interest expense
   
10,735
   
6,636
   
31,798
   
19,400
 
Interest income
   
(156
)
 
(197
)
 
(514
)
 
(675
)
Income tax expense
   
4,744
   
3,542
   
23,040
   
15,048
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
   
36,422
   
16,277
   
104,263
   
45,804
 
    EBITDA (1)
   
66,289
   
34,468
   
223,470
   
88,378
 
                           
Minority interest
   
   
   
   
2,846
 
    EBITDA, as adjusted (1)
 
$
66,289
 
$
34,468
 
$
223,470
 
$
91,224
 

(1) EBITDA is defined as net income plus interest expense, income tax expense (benefit), depreciation, depletion, and amortization, less interest income. EBITDA, as adjusted, includes EBITDA plus minority interest. EBITDA and EBITDA, as adjusted, are used by management to measure operating performance, and management also believes they are useful indicators of our ability to meet debt service and capital expenditure requirements. Because EBITDA and EBITDA, as adjusted, are not calculated identically by all companies, our calculation may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. In addition, the amounts presented for EBITDA and EBITDA, as adjusted, differ from the amounts calculated under the definition of EBITDA used in our debt covenants. The definition of EBITDA used in our debt covenants is further adjusted for certain cash and non-cash charges and is used to determine compliance with financial covenants and our ability to engage in certain activities such as incurring debt and making certain payments. Adjusted EBITDA as it is used and defined in our debt covenants is described and reconciled to net income (loss) in “— Analysis of Material Debt Covenants” below.


Results of Operations

Three months Ended September 30, 2006 Compared to the Three months Ended September 30, 2005

 Summary
 
For the quarter ended September 30, 2006, we recorded revenues of $474.7 million compared to $397.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2005, an increase of $77.0 million. Net income increased from $8.2 million ($0.13 per diluted share) in the third quarter of 2005 to $14.5 million ($0.23 per diluted share) for the third quarter of 2006. EBITDA, as adjusted, in 2005 and as reconciled to our net income in the table above, was $66.3 million and $34.5 million in the third quarter 2006 and 2005, respectively, including the non-cash portion of our stock-based compensation, related to the Company’s initial public offering (IPO), charges of $3.2 million and $3.4 million in the third quarter of 2006 and 2005, respectively.

We sold 7.4 million tons of coal during the third quarter of 2006, 0.7 million more than the comparable period in 2005. Our Callaway business unit and our recently acquired Progress mines contributed 1.0 million and 0.6 tons, respectively, for the quarter. Coal margin, which we define as coal revenues less cost of coal sales, divided by coal revenues, increased from 13.5% in 2005 to 18.8% in 2006. Coal margin per ton was $10.57 in the third quarter 2006, a 52.1% increase from the third quarter 2005. Coal margin per ton is calculated as coal sales realization (sales price) per ton less cost of coal sales per ton excluding depreciation, depletion, and amortization.

Revenues

 
 
 
Three months Ended
September 30, 
 
Increase
(Decrease) 
 
 
 
2006 
 
2005 
 
$ or Tons
 
 %
 
   
(in thousands, except per ton data)
 
Coal revenues
 
$
419,036
 
$
345,179
 
$
73,857
   
21
%
Freight and handling revenues
   
45,805
   
46,659
   
(854
)
 
(2
)%
Other revenues
   
9,877
   
5,851
   
4,026
   
69
%
Total revenues
 
$
474,718
 
$
397,689
 
$
77,029
   
19
%
                           
Tons Sold:
                         
Steam
   
5,097
   
4,589
   
508
   
11
%
Metallurgical
   
2,336
   
2,125
   
211
   
10
%
Total
   
7,433
   
6,714
   
719
   
11
%
                           
Coal sales realization per ton:
                         
Steam
 
$
48.21
 
$
41.66
   
6.55
   
16
%
Metallurgical
   
74.19
   
72.49
   
1.70
   
2
%
Total
 
$
56.37
 
$
51.41
 
$
4.96
   
10
%
                           

Coal Revenues. Coal revenues increased by $73.9 million (21%) for the quarter ended September 30, 2006 over the comparable period of 2005 mainly driven by an 10% increase in coal sales realization per ton from $51.41 per ton in the third quarter of 2005 to $56.37 per ton in the third quarter of 2006. Our Callaway (acquired in October 2005) and Progress (acquired in May 2006) operations contributed $53.6 million and $27.8 million, respectively, to coal revenues for the quarter ended September 30, 2006. The change in the mark-to-market open positions for forward sales contracts on the OTC market decreased revenues by $1.8 million or $0.24 per ton. Our metallurgical coal (met coal) realization per ton increased from $72.49 per ton in the third quarter of 2005 to $74.19 per ton in the third quarter of 2006, or 2%, and steam coal realization per ton increased from $41.66 per ton to $48.21 per ton or 16%, for the reasons discussed in the section titled “Coal Pricing Trends and Uncertainties” above. The mark-to-market adjustment for forward sales contracts on the OTC market decreased coal sales realization per ton for steam coal by $0.35. Met coal sales accounted for 31% of our coal sales volume in the third quarter of 2006 compared with 32% in the third quarter of 2005. Total tons sold during the third quarter of 2006 were 7.4 million, including 2.3 million tons of met coal and 5.1 million of steam coal. Sales volume for the third quarter of 2005 was 6.7 million tons of which 2.1 million tons were met coal and 4.6 million were steam coal.

Freight and Handling Revenues. Freight and handling revenues decreased to $45.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006, a decrease of $0.9 million compared with the three months ended September 30, 2005 due to the change in the mix of steam customers shipped which resulted in a $1.55 lower average freight rates per ton which was partially offset by an average increase in the freight rate of $0.93 per ton for metallurgical customers. The balance is attributable to higher freight rates experienced during the three months ended September 30, 2006. However, these revenues are offset by equivalent costs and do not contribute to our profitability.

Other Revenues. Other revenues increased by $4.0 million mainly due to $6.0 million of road construction revenues and sales commissions of $1.0 million primarily related to the net settlement of various OTC transactions in the current period, partially offset by a decrease in revenues from our Maxxim Rebuild operation ($1.2 million) and revenues from coal processing fees ($1.9 million). We expect that other revenues generated by Maxxim Rebuild and coal processing fees during the rest of 2006 will also be below last year’s levels. Maxxim Rebuild has concentrated its efforts on Company operations in 2006. In addition, a contract for coal processing terminated at the end of 2005.


 
Costs and Expenses

 
 
 
Three months ended
September 30. 
 
Increase
(Decrease) 
 
 
 
2006 
 
2005 
 
 $
 
% 
 
   
(in thousands, except per ton data)
 
Cost of coal sales (exclusive of items shown separately below)
 
$
340,440
 
$
298,522
 
$
41,918
   
14
%
Freight and handling costs
   
45,805
   
46,659
   
(854
)
 
(2
)%
Cost of other revenues
   
5,774
   
5,943
   
(169
)
 
(3
)%
Depreciation, depletion and amortization