e10vq
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
Form 10-Q
     
þ
  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2005
or
 
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from          to
Commission file number 1-10524
United Dominion Realty Trust, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
Maryland
  54-0857512
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation of organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1745 Shea Center Drive, Suite 200,
Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80129
(Address of principal executive offices)(zip code)
(720) 283-6120
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes þ          No o
          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes þ          No o
          The number of shares of the issuer’s common stock, $1 par value, outstanding as of May 2, 2005 was 136,939,490.
 
 


UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
             
        Page
         
 PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
      2  
        2  
        3  
        4  
        5  
        6  
      14  
      26  
      26  
 
 PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
 
      26  
      27  
        28  
 Medium-Term Note
 Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges
 Certification of CEO
 Certification of CFO
 Certification of CEO
 Certification of CFO

1


Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except for share data)
(Unaudited)
                     
    March 31,   December 31,
    2005   2004
         
ASSETS
Real estate owned:
               
 
Real estate held for investment
  $ 5,167,321     $ 5,027,892  
   
Less: accumulated depreciation
    (1,021,170 )     (978,159 )
             
      4,146,151       4,049,733  
 
Real estate under development
    74,859       64,921  
 
Real estate held for disposition (net of accumulated depreciation of $10,328 and $29,728)
    58,655       120,755  
             
 
Total real estate owned, net of accumulated depreciation
    4,279,665       4,235,409  
Cash and cash equivalents
    1,661       7,904  
Restricted cash
    5,921       6,086  
Deferred financing costs, net
    23,463       25,151  
Investment in unconsolidated development joint venture
    436       458  
Funds held in escrow from 1031 exchanges pending the acquisition of real estate
          17,039  
Note receivable
    5,000       5,000  
Other assets
    36,590       34,347  
Other assets — real estate held for disposition
    1,280       607  
             
 
Total assets
  $ 4,354,016     $ 4,332,001  
             
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Secured debt
  $ 1,088,451     $ 1,197,924  
Unsecured debt
    1,852,663       1,682,058  
Real estate taxes payable
    19,330       31,377  
Accrued interest payable
    24,736       18,773  
Security deposits and prepaid rent
    26,306       25,168  
Distributions payable
    45,800       44,624  
Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities
    46,945       50,217  
Other liabilities — real estate held for disposition
    1,115       2,816  
             
 
Total liabilities
    3,105,346       3,052,957  
Minority interests
    79,942       83,593  
Stockholders’ equity:
               
 
Preferred stock, no par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized;
               
   
5,416,009 shares 8.60% Series B Cumulative Redeemable issued and outstanding (5,416,009 in 2004)
    135,400       135,400  
   
2,803,812 shares 8.00% Series E Cumulative Convertible issued and outstanding (2,803,812 in 2004)
    46,571       46,571  
 
Common stock, $1 par value; 250,000,000 shares authorized; 136,940,069 shares issued and outstanding (136,429,592 in 2004)
    136,940       136,430  
 
Additional paid-in capital
    1,625,479       1,614,916  
 
Distributions in excess of net income
    (761,905 )     (731,808 )
 
Deferred compensation — unearned restricted stock awards
    (13,757 )     (6,058 )
             
   
Total stockholders’ equity
    1,168,728       1,195,451  
             
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 4,354,016     $ 4,332,001  
             
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

2


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
                     
    Three Months Ended
    March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
REVENUES
               
 
Rental income
  $ 171,331     $ 143,231  
 
Non-property income:
               
   
Sale of technology investment
    12,306        
   
Other income
    668       395  
             
      12,974       395  
             
   
Total revenues
    184,305       143,626  
             
EXPENSES
               
 
Rental expenses:
               
   
Real estate taxes and insurance
    20,864       17,675  
   
Personnel
    17,536       14,950  
   
Utilities
    10,363       9,254  
   
Repair and maintenance
    10,687       8,486  
   
Administrative and marketing
    6,080       5,020  
   
Property management
    4,813       4,361  
   
Other operating expenses
    290       270  
 
Real estate depreciation and amortization
    51,715       39,111  
 
Interest
    39,160       28,913  
 
General and administrative
    7,000       4,754  
 
Loss on early debt retirement
    8,464       5  
 
Other depreciation and amortization
    671       909  
             
   
Total expenses
    177,643       133,708  
             
Income before minority interests and discontinued operations
    6,662       9,918  
Minority interests of outside partnerships
    (58 )     (64 )
Minority interests of unitholders in operating partnerships
    (162 )     (209 )
             
Income before discontinued operations, net of minority interests
    6,442       9,645  
Income from discontinued operations, net of minority interests
    8,499       5,667  
             
Net income
    14,941       15,312  
Distributions to preferred stockholders — Series B
    (2,911 )     (2,911 )
Distributions to preferred stockholders — Series D (Convertible)
          (1,036 )
Distributions to preferred stockholders — Series E (Convertible)
    (931 )     (1,138 )
Premium on preferred stock conversions
          (1,562 )
             
Net income available to common stockholders
  $ 11,099     $ 8,665  
             
Earnings per weighted average common share — basic and diluted:
               
 
Income from continuing operations available to common stockholders, net of minority interests
  $ 0.02     $ 0.02  
 
Income from discontinued operations, net of minority interests
  $ 0.06     $ 0.05  
 
Net income available to common stockholders
  $ 0.08     $ 0.07  
Common distributions declared per share
  $ 0.3000     $ 0.2925  
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding — basic
    136,067       126,984  
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding — diluted
    137,073       127,953  
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands, except for share data)
(Unaudited)
                       
    Three Months Ended
    March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
Operating Activities
               
 
Net income
  $ 14,941     $ 15,312  
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
   
Depreciation and amortization
    52,390       43,859  
   
Net gains on sales of land and depreciable property
    (7,023 )     (1,205 )
   
Minority interests
    749       670  
   
Amortization of deferred financing costs and other
    2,330       1,864  
   
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
     
Increase in operating assets
    (2,715 )     (4,904 )
     
Decrease in operating liabilities
    (10,302 )     (17,341 )
             
Net cash provided by operating activities
    50,370       38,255  
Investing Activities
               
 
Proceeds from sales of real estate investments, net
    70,451       12,032  
 
Acquisition of real estate assets (net of liabilities assumed) and initial capital expenditures
    (122,986 )     (72,127 )
 
Development of real estate assets
    (9,836 )     (2,354 )
 
Capital expenditures and other major improvements — real estate assets, net of escrow reimbursement
    (25,084 )     (12,938 )
 
Capital expenditures — non-real estate assets
    (812 )     (1,317 )
 
Decrease in funds held in escrow from 1031 exchanges pending the acquisition of real estate
    17,039       1,867  
             
Net cash used in investing activities
    (71,228 )     (74,837 )
Financing Activities
               
 
Scheduled principal payments on secured debt
    (5,687 )     (37,508 )
 
Proceeds from the issuance of unsecured debt
    105,152       192,795  
 
Payments on secured debt
    (108,952 )     (46,585 )
 
Net proceeds/(repayment) of revolving bank debt
    70,700       (32,800 )
 
Payment of financing costs
    (685 )     (1,095 )
 
Proceeds from the issuance of common stock
    1,031       2,946  
 
Proceeds from the repayment of officer loans
          249  
 
Proceeds from the issuance of performance shares
          80  
 
Distributions paid to minority interests
    (3,082 )     (2,965 )
 
Distributions paid to preferred stockholders
    (3,842 )     (5,067 )
 
Distributions paid to common stockholders
    (40,020 )     (36,319 )
             
Net cash provided by financing activities
    14,615       33,731  
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
    (6,243 )     (2,851 )
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
    7,904       4,824  
             
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
  $ 1,661     $ 1,973  
             
Supplemental Information:
               
 
Interest paid during the period
  $ 39,787     $ 22,414  
 
Non-cash transactions:
               
   
Conversion of operating partnership minority interests to common stock (84,380 shares in 2005 and 81,021 shares in 2004)
    1,317       618  
   
Issuance of restricted stock awards
    8,725       2,746  
   
Cancellation of a note receivable with the acquisition of a property
          8,000  
   
Secured debt assumed with the acquisition of a property
          28,000  
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
                                                                     
                            Deferred    
                    Compensation —    
    Preferred Stock   Common Stock       Distributions   Unearned    
            Paid-in   in Excess of   Restricted    
    Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Net Income   Stock Awards   Total
                                 
Balance, December 31, 2004
    8,219,821     $ 181,971       136,429,592     $ 136,430     $ 1,614,916     $ (731,808 )   $ (6,058 )   $ 1,195,451  
                                                 
Comprehensive Income
                                                               
 
Net income
                                            14,941               14,941  
 
Other comprehensive income:
                                                               
   
Unrealized gain on derivative financial instruments
                                                             
                                                 
 
Comprehensive income
                                            14,941               14,941  
                                                 
 
Issuance of common shares to employees, officers, and director-stockholders
                    40,966       41       318                       359  
 
Issuance of common shares through dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan
                    30,296       30       642                       672  
 
Issuance of restricted stock awards
                    354,835       355       8,370               (8,725 )      
 
Adjustment for conversion of minority interests of unitholders in operating partnerships
                    84,380       84       1,233                       1,317  
 
Common stock distributions declared ($0.3000 per share)
                                            (41,196 )             (41,196 )
 
Preferred stock distributions declared-Series B ($0.5375 per share)
                                            (2,911 )             (2,911 )
 
Preferred stock distributions declared-Series E ($0.3322 per share)
                                            (931 )             (931 )
 
Amortization of deferred compensation
                                                    1,026       1,026  
                                                 
Balance, March 31, 2005
    8,219,821     $ 181,971       136,940,069     $ 136,940     $ 1,625,479     $ (761,905 )   $ (13,757 )   $ 1,168,728  
                                                 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2005
(UNAUDITED)
1. CONSOLIDATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
      United Dominion Realty Trust, Inc. is a self-administered real estate investment trust, or REIT, that owns acquires, renovates, develops, and manages middle-market apartment communities nationwide. The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of United Dominion and its subsidiaries, including United Dominion Realty, L.P. (the “Operating Partnership”), and Heritage Communities L.P. (the “Heritage OP”) (collectively, “United Dominion”). As of March 31, 2005, there were 166,061,749 units in the Operating Partnership outstanding, of which 156,107,518 units or 94.0% were owned by United Dominion and 9,954,231 units or 6.0% were owned by limited partners (of which 1,791,329 and 0 are owned by the holders of the Series A OPPS and the Series B OPPS, respectively, see Notes 6 and 9). As of March 31, 2005, there were 5,542,200 units in the Heritage OP outstanding, of which 5,201,355 units or 93.9% were owned by United Dominion and 340,845 units or 6.1% were owned by limited partners. The consolidated financial statements of United Dominion include the minority interests of the unitholders in the Operating Partnership and the Heritage OP. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
      The accompanying interim unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared according to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States have been condensed or omitted according to such rules and regulations, although management believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The accompanying consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and related notes appearing in United Dominion’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 15, 2005.
      In the opinion of management, the consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments which are necessary for the fair presentation of financial position at March 31, 2005 and results of operations for the interim periods ended March 31, 2005 and 2004. Such adjustments are normal and recurring in nature. The interim results presented are not necessarily indicative of results that can be expected for a full year.
      The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual amounts realized or paid could differ from those estimates. Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current financial statement presentation.

6


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
2. REAL ESTATE HELD FOR INVESTMENT
      At March 31, 2005, there are 262 communities with 76,935 apartment homes classified as real estate held for investment. The following table summarizes the components of real estate held for investment (dollars in thousands):
                 
    March 31,   December 31,
    2005   2004
         
Land and land improvements
  $ 1,255,210     $ 1,194,097  
Buildings and improvements
    3,675,161       3,602,476  
Furniture, fixtures, and equipment
    236,950       231,319  
             
Real estate held for investment
    5,167,321       5,027,892  
Accumulated depreciation
    (1,021,170 )     (978,159 )
             
Real estate held for investment, net
  $ 4,146,151     $ 4,049,733  
             
3. INCOME FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
      FASB Statement No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets” (FAS 144) requires, among other things, that the primary assets and liabilities and the results of operations of United Dominion’s real properties which have been sold subsequent to January 1, 2002, or are held for disposition subsequent to January 1, 2002, be classified as discontinued operations and segregated in United Dominion’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and Balance Sheets. Properties classified as real estate held for disposition generally represent properties that are under contract for sale and are expected to close within the next twelve months.
      For purposes of these financial statements, FAS 144 results in the presentation of the primary assets and liabilities and the net operating results of those properties sold or classified as held for disposition through March 31, 2005, as discontinued operations for all periods presented. The adoption of FAS 144 does not have an impact on net income available to common stockholders. FAS 144 only results in the reclassification of the operating results of all properties sold or classified as held for disposition through March 31, 2005, within the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the quarters ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, and the reclassification of the assets and liabilities within the Consolidated Balance Sheets for 2005 and 2004.
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, United Dominion sold 10 communities with 1,855 apartment homes and 11 townhomes from a community of 36 townhomes. We recognized gains for financial reporting purposes of $7.0 million on these sales. At March 31, 2005, United Dominion had one community with a total of 768 apartment homes and a net book value of $53.3 million, one commercial property with a net book value of $1.1 million, one parcel of land with a net book value of $4.0 million, and one townhome from a community of 36 townhomes with a net book value of $0.3 million included in real estate held for disposition. For the year ended December 31, 2004, United Dominion sold 19 communities with a total of 5,425 apartment homes, 24 townhomes from a community of 36 townhomes, and one parcel of land. The results of operations for these properties and the interest expense associated with the secured debt on these properties are classified on the Consolidated Statements of Operations in the line item entitled “Income from discontinued operations, net of minority interests.”

7


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
      The following is a summary of income from discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31, (dollars in thousands):
                 
    Three Months Ended
    March 31,
     
    2005   2004
         
Rental income
  $ 3,704     $ 15,349  
Non-property income
    8        
             
      3,712       15,349  
Rental expenses
    1,703       6,652  
Real estate depreciation
    4       3,800  
Other expenses
          38  
             
      1,707       10,490  
Income before gain on sale of depreciable property and minority interests
    2,005       4,859  
Net gain on sale of depreciable property
    7,023       1,205  
             
Income before minority interests
    9,028       6,064  
Minority interests on income from discontinued operations
    (529 )     (397 )
             
Income from discontinued operations, net of minority interests
  $ 8,499     $ 5,667  
             
4. SECURED DEBT
      Secured debt on continuing and discontinued operations, which encumbers $1.8 billion or 33.8% of United Dominion’s real estate owned based upon book value ($3.5 billion or 66.2% of United Dominion’s real estate owned is unencumbered) consists of the following as of March 31, 2005 (dollars in thousands):
                                         
        Weighted       Number of
    Principal Outstanding   Average   Weighted Average   Communities
        Interest Rate   Years to Maturity   Encumbered
    March 31,   December 31,            
    2005   2004   2005   2005   2005
                     
Fixed Rate Debt
                                       
Mortgage notes payable
  $ 351,295     $ 428,223       5.49 %     6.0       14  
Tax-exempt secured notes payable
    26,705       39,160       5.85 %     19.8       3  
Fannie Mae credit facilities
    288,875       288,875       6.40 %     5.9       9  
                               
Total fixed rate secured debt
    666,875       756,258       5.90 %     6.5       26  
 
Variable Rate Debt
                                       
Mortgage notes payable
    46,337       45,758       3.66 %     7.1       4  
Tax-exempt secured note payable
    7,770       7,770       2.01 %     23.3       1  
Fannie Mae credit facilities
    367,469       367,469       3.39 %     7.5       47  
Freddie Mac credit facility
          20,669       n/a       n/a       n/a  
                               
Total variable rate secured debt
    421,576       441,666       3.39 %     7.7       52  
                               
Total secured debt
  $ 1,088,451     $ 1,197,924       4.93 %     7.0       78  
                               

8


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
      Approximate principal payments due during each of the next five calendar years and thereafter, as of March 31, 2005, are as follows (dollars in thousands):
                         
            Total
    Fixed Rate   Variable Rate   Secured
Year   Maturities   Maturities   Maturities
             
2005
  $ 20,481     $ 1,403     $ 21,884  
2006
    33,537       5,557       39,094  
2007
    81,190       1,947       83,137  
2008
    8,851       15       8,866  
2009
    4,174             4,174  
Thereafter
    518,642       412,654       931,296  
                   
    $ 666,875     $ 421,576     $ 1,088,451  
                   
      During the three months ended March 31, 2005, we prepaid approximately $110 million of secured debt. In conjunction with these prepayments, we incurred prepayment penalties of $8.5 million that are reflected on the Consolidated Statements of Operations as “Loss on early debt retirement.” These penalties were funded by the proceeds from the sale of our technology investment of $12.3 million.

9


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
5. UNSECURED DEBT
      A summary of unsecured debt as of March 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004 is as follows (dollars in thousands):
                   
    2005   2004
         
Commercial Banks
               
 
Borrowings outstanding under an unsecured credit facility due March 2006(a)
  $ 348,800     $ 278,100  
Senior Unsecured Notes — Other
               
 
7.73% Medium-Term Notes due April 2005
    21,100       21,100  
 
7.02% Medium-Term Notes due November 2005
    49,760       49,760  
 
Verano Construction Loan due February 2006
    24,820       24,820  
 
7.95% Medium-Term Notes due July 2006
    85,374       85,374  
 
7.07% Medium-Term Notes due November 2006
    25,000       25,000  
 
7.25% Notes due January 2007
    92,255       92,255  
 
4.30% Medium-Term Notes due July 2007
    75,000       75,000  
 
4.50% Medium-Term Notes due March 2008
    200,000       200,000  
 
ABAG Tax-Exempt Bonds due August 2008
    46,700       46,700  
 
8.50% Monthly Income Notes due November 2008
    29,081       29,081  
 
4.25% Medium-Term Notes due January 2009
    50,000       50,000  
 
6.50% Notes due June 2009
    200,000       200,000  
 
3.90% Medium-Term Notes due March 2010
    50,000       50,000  
 
5.00% Medium-Term Notes due January 2012
    100,000       100,000  
 
5.13% Medium-Term Notes due January 2014
    200,000       200,000  
 
5.25% Medium-Term Notes due January 2015
    200,000       100,000  
 
8.50% Debentures due September 2024
    54,118       54,118  
 
Other(b)
    655       750  
             
      1,503,863       1,403,958  
             
 
Total Unsecured Debt
  $ 1,852,663     $ 1,682,058  
             
 
(a) United Dominion has a three-year $500 million unsecured revolving credit facility. If United Dominion receives commitments from additional lenders or if the initial lenders increase their commitments, United Dominion will be able to increase the credit facility to $650 million. At United Dominion’s option, the credit facility can be extended for one year to March 2007.
 
(b) Represents deferred gains from the termination of interest rate risk management agreements.
6. EARNINGS PER SHARE
      Basic earnings per common share is computed based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share is computed based upon common shares outstanding plus the effect of dilutive stock options and other potentially dilutive common stock equivalents. The dilutive effect of stock options and other potentially dilutive common stock equivalents is determined using the treasury stock method based on United Dominion’s average stock price.

10


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
      The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, (dollars in thousands, except per share data):
                   
    2005   2004
         
Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share-
               
 
Net income available to common stockholders
  $ 11,099     $ 8,665  
             
Denominator:
               
Denominator for basic earnings per share-
               
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
    136,913       127,521  
 
Non-vested restricted stock awards
    (846 )     (537 )
             
      136,067       126,984  
             
Effect of dilutive securities:
               
Employee stock options and non-vested restricted stock awards
    1,006       969  
             
Denominator for diluted earnings per share
    137,073       127,953  
             
Basic and diluted earnings per share
  $ 0.08     $ 0.07  
             
      The effect of the conversion of the operating partnership units, Series A Out-Performance Partnership Units, and convertible preferred stock is not dilutive and is therefore not included as a dilutive security in the earnings per share computation. The weighted average effect of the conversion of the operating partnership units for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004 was 8,518,057 shares and 8,916,952 shares, respectively. The weighted average effect of the conversion of the Series A Out-Performance Partnership Units for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004 was 1,791,329 shares. The weighted average effect of the conversion of the convertible preferred stock for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004 was 2,803,812 shares and 6,502,140 shares, respectively.
7. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
      United Dominion adopted the fair-value-based method of accounting for share-based payments effective January 1, 2004 using the prospective method described in FASB Statement No. 148, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation — Transition and Disclosure.” Currently, United Dominion uses the Black-Scholes-Merton formula to estimate the value of stock options granted to employees and will continue to use this acceptable option valuation model upon the required adoption of Statement 123R on January 1, 2006. Because Statement 123R must be applied not only to new awards but to previously granted awards that are not fully vested on the effective date, and because United Dominion adopted Statement 123 using the prospective transition method (which applied only to awards granted, modified or settled after the adoption date), compensation cost for some previously granted awards that were not recognized under Statement 123 will be recognized under Statement 123R. However, had United Dominion adopted Statement 123R in prior periods, the impact of the standard would have approximated the impact of Statement 123.

11


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
      The following table illustrates the unaudited effect on net income available to common stockholders and earnings per share if the fair value based method had been applied to all outstanding and unvested share options for the three months ended March 31, (dollars in thousands, except per share data):
                     
    2005   2004
         
Reported net income available to common stockholders
  $ 11,099     $ 8,665  
   
Stock-based employee compensation cost included in net income
    1,026       825  
   
Stock-based employee compensation cost that would have been included in net income under the fair value method
    (1,029 )     (876 )
             
Adjusted net income available to common stockholders
  $ 11,096     $ 8,614  
             
Earnings per common share — basic and diluted
               
 
As reported
  $ 0.08     $ 0.07  
             
 
Pro forma
  $ 0.08     $ 0.07  
             
8. COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
      Total comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2005 and 2004, was $14.9 million and $16.2 million, respectively. The difference between net income and total comprehensive income is primarily due to the fair value accounting for interest rate swaps.
9. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Commitments
      United Dominion is committed to completing its real estate under development, which has an estimated cost to complete of $55.2 million at March 31, 2005.
Contingencies
Series B Out-Performance Program
      In May 2003, the stockholders of United Dominion approved the Series B Out-Performance Program (the “Series B Program”) pursuant to which certain executive officers of United Dominion (the “Participants”) were given the opportunity to invest indirectly in United Dominion by purchasing interests in a limited liability company (the “Series B LLC”), the only asset of which is a special class of partnership units of United Dominion Realty, L.P. (“Series B Out-Performance Partnership Shares” or “Series B OPPSs”). The purchase price for the Series B OPPSs was determined by United Dominion’s board of directors to be $1 million, assuming 100% participation, and was based upon the advice of an independent valuation expert. The Series B Program will measure the cumulative total return on our common stock over the 24-month period from June 1, 2003 to May 31, 2005.
      The Series B Program is designed to provide participants with the possibility of substantial returns on their investment if the total cumulative return on United Dominion’s common stock, as measured by the cumulative amount of dividends paid plus share price appreciation during the measurement period (a) exceeds the cumulative total return of the Morgan Stanley REIT Index peer group index over the same period; and (b) is at least the equivalent of a 22% total return, or 11% annualized.
      At the conclusion of the measurement period, if United Dominion’s total cumulative return satisfies these criteria, the Series B LLC as holder of the Series B OPPSs will receive (for the indirect benefit of the Participants as holders of interests in the Series B LLC) distributions and allocations of income and

12


Table of Contents

UNITED DOMINION REALTY TRUST, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
loss from the Operating Partnership (accounted for on a consistent basis with all other OP Units) equal to the distributions and allocations that would be received on the number of OP Units obtained by:
        i. determining the amount by which the cumulative total return of United Dominion’s common stock over the measurement period exceeds the greater of the cumulative total return of the Morgan Stanley REIT Index, which is the peer group index, or the minimum return (such excess being the “excess return”);
 
        ii. multiplying 5% of the excess return by United Dominion’s market capitalization (defined as the average number of shares outstanding over the 24-month period, including common stock, OP Units, outstanding options, and convertible securities) multiplied by the daily closing price of United Dominion’s common stock, up to a maximum of 2% of market capitalization; and
 
        iii. dividing the number obtained in (ii) by the market value of one share of United Dominion’s common stock on the valuation date, determined by the volume-weighted average price per day of common stock for the 20 trading days immediately preceding the valuation date.
      Based upon the results through March 31, 2005, no OPPSs would have been issued had the program terminated on that date. However, since the ultimate determination of OPPSs to be issued will not occur until June 2005, and the number of OPPSs is determinable only upon future events, the financial statements do not reflect any impact for these events.

13


Table of Contents

Item 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Forward-Looking Statements
      This Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Such forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements concerning property acquisitions and dispositions, development activity and capital expenditures, capital raising activities, rent growth, occupancy, and rental expense growth. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of United Dominion to be materially different from the results of operations or plans expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, among other things, unanticipated adverse business developments affecting us or our properties, adverse changes in the real estate markets and general and local economies and business conditions. Although we believe that the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, any of the assumptions could be inaccurate, and therefore such statements included in this Report may not prove to be accurate. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the results or conditions described in such statements or our objectives and plans will be achieved.
Business Overview
      We are a real estate investment trust, or REIT, that owns, acquires, renovates, develops, and manages middle-market apartment communities nationwide. We were formed in 1972 as a Virginia corporation. In June 2003, we changed our state of incorporation from Virginia to Maryland. Our subsidiaries include two operating partnerships, Heritage Communities L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, and United Dominion Realty, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this Report to “we,” “us,” “our,” “the company,” or “United Dominion” refer collectively to United Dominion Realty Trust, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

14


Table of Contents

      At March 31, 2005, our portfolio included 264 communities with 77,704 apartment homes nationwide. The following table summarizes our market information by major geographic markets (includes real estate held for disposition, real estate under development, and land, but excludes commercial properties):
                                                   
        Three Months Ended
    As of March 31, 2005   March 31, 2005
         
    Number of   Number of   Percentage of   Carrying   Average   Average
    Apartment   Apartment   Carrying   Value   Physical   Collections per
    Communities   Homes   Value   (in thousands)   Occupancy   Occupied Home
                         
Southern California
    27       7,785       20.9%     $ 1,107,474       92.6%     $ 1,063  
Tampa, FL
    12       4,314       4.7%       247,266       95.2%       776  
Houston, TX
    16       5,447       4.6%       246,796       92.5%       619  
Northern California
    7       2,024       4.1%       218,460       93.9%       1,126  
Orlando, FL
    14       4,140       4.1%       218,018       95.8%       739  
Metropolitan DC
    7       2,245       4.1%       216,314       94.7%       1,114  
Raleigh, NC
    11       3,663       4.0%       213,268       94.0%       643  
Dallas, TX
    11       3,590       3.8%       199,031       95.9%       655  
Baltimore, MD
    10       2,118       3.1%       163,815       96.0%       941  
Columbus, OH
    6       2,530       3.0%       156,629       93.5%       666  
Nashville, TN
    9       2,580       2.9%       152,946       95.2%       688  
Richmond, VA
    9       2,636       2.7%       140,650       91.9%       786  
Monterey Peninsula, CA
    8       1,569       2.6%       138,882       89.2%       909  
Charlotte, NC
    9       2,378       2.6%       137,348       94.0%       599  
Phoenix, AZ
    7       1,935       2.5%       133,973       93.8%       770  
Arlington, TX
    8       2,656       2.4%       127,570       95.0%       621  
Greensboro, NC
    8       2,123       2.0%       108,290       95.2%       585  
Seattle, WA
    6       1,575       1.9%       100,228       93.2%       750  
Denver, CO
    3       1,484       1.9%       99,422       92.1%       640  
Wilmington, NC
    6       1,868       1.8%       94,302       96.1%       672  
Portland, OR
    6       1,490       1.7%       91,298       93.5%       707  
Austin, TX
    5       1,425       1.5%       82,181       95.4%       637  
Atlanta, GA
    6       1,426       1.4%       76,160       92.3%       617  
Columbia, SC
    6       1,584       1.2%       65,712       93.7%       604  
Norfolk, VA
    6       1,438       1.2%       61,983       95.2%       799  
Jacksonville, FL
    3       1,157       1.2%       61,575       95.9%       715  
Other Southwestern
    10       3,676       3.7%       196,915       93.7%       648  
Other Florida
    6       1,737       2.2%       118,396       96.5%       813  
Other North Carolina
    8       1,893       1.5%       79,006       94.3%       624  
Other Mid-Atlantic
    6       1,156       1.1%       57,143       94.5%       827  
Other Virginia
    3       820       0.9%       47,642       92.1%       952  
Other Southeastern
    2       798       0.8%       41,037       95.2%       507  
Other Midwestern
    3       444       0.4%       23,607       94.0%       697  
Real Estate Under Development
                0.9%       49,474              
Land
                0.6%       29,404              
                                     
 
Total
    264       77,704       100.0%     $ 5,302,215       94.1%     $ 757  
                                     
Liquidity and Capital Resources
      Liquidity is the ability to meet present and future financial obligations either through operating cash flows, the sale or maturity of existing assets, or by the acquisition of additional funds through capital

15


Table of Contents

management. Both the coordination of asset and liability maturities and effective capital management are important to the maintenance of liquidity. Our primary source of liquidity is our cash flow from operations as determined by rental rates, occupancy levels, and operating expenses related to our portfolio of apartment homes. We routinely use our unsecured bank credit facility to temporarily fund certain investing and financing activities prior to arranging for longer-term financing. During the past several years, proceeds from the sale of real estate have been used for both investing and financing activities.
      We expect to meet our short-term liquidity requirements generally through net cash provided by operations and borrowings under credit arrangements. We expect to meet certain long-term liquidity requirements such as scheduled debt maturities, the repayment of financing on development activities, and potential property acquisitions, through long-term secured and unsecured borrowings, the disposition of properties, and the issuance of additional debt or equity securities. We believe that our net cash provided by operations will continue to be adequate to meet both operating requirements and the payment of dividends by the company in accordance with REIT requirements in both the short- and long-term. Likewise, the budgeted expenditures for improvements and renovations of certain properties are expected to be funded from property operations.
      We have a shelf registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission which provides for the issuance of up to an aggregate of $1.5 billion in common shares, preferred shares, and debt securities to facilitate future financing activities in the public capital markets. During the first quarter of 2005, we completed various financing activities under our $1.5 billion shelf registration statement. These activities are summarized in the section titled “Financing Activities” below. As of March 31, 2005, approximately $1.0 billion of equity and debt securities remained available for use under the shelf registration statement. Access to capital markets is dependent on market conditions at the time of issuance.
      In October 2004, we filed a prospectus supplement under the Securities Act of 1933 relating to the offering of up to 5 million shares of our common stock that we may issue and sell through an agent from time to time in “at the market offerings,” as defined in Rule 415 of the Securities Act of 1933. Any sales of these shares will be made under our $1.5 billion shelf registration statement pursuant to a sales agreement that we entered into with the agent in July 2003. The sales price of the common stock that may be sold under the sales agreement will be no lower than the minimum price designated by us prior to the sale. During the fourth quarter of 2004, we sold a total of 472,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the sales agreement at a weighted average sales price of $20.36, for net proceeds to us of approximately $9.4 million. We did not sell any shares of common stock under the sales agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2005.
Future Capital Needs
      Future development expenditures are expected to be funded primarily through joint ventures, with proceeds from the sale of property, with construction loans and, to a lesser extent, with cash flows provided by operating activities. Acquisition activity in strategic markets is expected to be largely financed through the issuance of equity and debt securities, the issuance of operating partnership units, the assumption or placement of secured and/or unsecured debt, and by the reinvestment of proceeds from the sale of properties.
      During the remainder of 2005, we have approximately $21.9 million of secured debt and $71.0 million of unsecured debt maturing and we anticipate repaying that debt with proceeds from borrowings under our secured or unsecured credit facilities, or the issuance of new unsecured debt securities or equity.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
      Our critical accounting policies are those having the most impact on the reporting of our financial condition and results and those requiring significant judgments and estimates. These policies include those related to (1) capital expenditures, (2) impairment of long-lived assets, and (3) real estate investment properties. Our critical accounting policies are described in more detail in the section entitled

16


Table of Contents

“Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004. There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies from those reported in our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K. With respect to these critical accounting policies, management believes that the application of judgments and assessments is consistently applied and produces financial information that fairly depicts the results of operations for all periods presented.
Statements of Cash Flow
      The following discussion explains the changes in net cash provided by operating and financing activities and net cash used in investing activities that are presented in our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Operating Activities
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, our cash flow provided by operating activities was $50.4 million compared to $38.3 million for the same period in 2004. The increase in cash flow from operating activities resulted primarily from an increase in property operating income due to the overall increase in our apartment community portfolio (see discussion under “Apartment Community Operations”).
Investing Activities
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, net cash used in investing activities was $71.2 million compared to $74.8 million for the same period in 2004. Changes in the level of investing activities from period to period reflects our strategy as it relates to our acquisition, capital expenditure, development, and disposition programs, as well as the impact of the capital market environment on these activities, all of which are discussed in further detail below.
Acquisitions
      During the three months ended March 31, 2005, we acquired one apartment community with 715 apartment homes. Our long-term strategic plan is to achieve greater operating efficiencies by investing in fewer, more concentrated markets. As a result, we have been expanding our interests in the fast growing Southern California, Florida, and Metropolitan DC markets over the past two years. During 2005, we plan to continue to channel new investments into those markets we believe will provide the best investment returns. Markets will be targeted based upon defined criteria including past performance, expected job growth, current and anticipated housing supply and demand, and the ability to attract and support household formation.
Capital Expenditures
      In conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we capitalize those expenditures related to acquiring new assets, materially enhancing the value of an existing asset, or substantially extending the useful life of an existing asset. Expenditures necessary to maintain an existing property in ordinary operating condition are expensed as incurred.
      During the first three months of 2005, we spent $25.1 million or $323 per home on capital expenditures for all of our communities, excluding development. These capital improvements included turnover related expenditures for floor coverings and appliances, other recurring capital expenditures such as HVAC equipment, roofs, siding, parking lots, and other non-revenue enhancing capital expenditures, which aggregated $8.4 million or $108 per home. In addition, revenue enhancing capital expenditures, kitchen and bath upgrades, and other extensive interior upgrades totaled $16.7 million or $215 per home.

17


Table of Contents

      The following table outlines capital expenditures and repair and maintenance costs for all of our communities, excluding real estate under development and commercial properties for the periods presented:
                                                   
    Three Months Ended March 31,   Three Months Ended March 31,
    (dollars in thousands)   (per home)
         
    2005   2004   % Change   2005   2004   % Change
                         
Turnover capital expenditures
  $ 4,578     $ 3,951       15.9 %   $ 59     $ 52       13.5 %
Other recurring capital expenditures
    3,791       2,708       40.0 %     49       36       36.1 %
                                     
 
Total recurring capital expenditures
    8,369       6,659       25.7 %     108       88       22.7 %
Revenue enhancing improvements
    16,715       6,083       174.8 %     215       80       168.8 %
Major renovations
          196       -100.0 %           3       -100.0 %
                                     
 
Total capital improvements
  $ 25,084     $ 12,938       93.9 %   $ 323     $ 171       88.9 %
                                     
Repair and maintenance
    11,096       9,579       15.8 %     143       126       13.5 %
                                     
 
Total expenditures
  $ 36,180     $ 22,517       60.7 %   $ 466     $ 297       56.9 %
                                     
      Total capital improvements increased $12.1 million or $152 per home for the three months ended March 31, 2005 compared to the same period in 2004. We will continue to selectively add revenue enhancing improvements which we believe will provide a return on investment substantially in excess of our cost of capital. Recurring capital expenditures during 2005 are currently expected to be approximately $510 per home.
Real Estate Under Development
      Development activity is focused in core markets in which we have strong operations in place. For the three months ended March 31, 2005, we invested approximately $9.8 million on development projects, an increase of $7.4 million from $2.4 million for the same period in 2004.
      The following projects were under development as of March 31, 2005:
                                                 
    Number of   Completed           Estimated   Expected
    Apartment   Apartment   Cost to Date   Budgeted Cost   Cost Per   Completion
    Homes   Homes   (In thousands)   (In thousands)   Home   Date
                         
Verano at Town Square
Rancho Cucamonga, CA
    414           $ 33,823     $ 66,300     $ 160,100       4Q05  
Mandalay on the Lake
Irving, TX
    369             12,785       30,900       83,700       1Q06  
2000 Post Phase III
San Francisco, CA
    24             2,866       7,500       312,500       2Q06  
                                     
      807           $ 49,474     $ 104,700     $ 129,700          
                                     
      In addition, we own seven parcels of land that we continue to hold for future development that had a carrying value at March 31, 2005 of $25.4 million. Three of the seven parcels represent additional phases to existing communities as we plan to add apartment homes adjacent to currently owned communities that are in improving markets.
Disposition of Investments
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, we sold ten communities with 1,855 apartment homes and 11 townhomes from a community of 36 townhomes for a gross consideration of $72.6 million. We

18


Table of Contents

recognized gains for financial reporting purposes of $7.0 million on these sales. Proceeds from the sales were used primarily to reduce debt.
      During 2005, we plan to continue to pursue our strategy of selling properties where long-term growth prospects are limited and redeploying capital into properties that would enhance future growth rates and economies of scale. We intend to use the proceeds from 2005 dispositions to reduce debt, acquire communities, and fund development activity.
Financing Activities
      Net cash provided by financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2005, was $14.6 million compared to $33.7 million for the same period in 2004. As part of the plan to improve our balance sheet, we utilized proceeds from dispositions, equity and debt offerings, and refinancings to extend maturities, pay down existing debt, and purchase new properties.
      The following is a summary of our financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2005:
  •  Repaid $114.6 million of secured debt, including $20 million outstanding on a $70 million secured credit facility that was terminated, and incurred $8.5 million in prepayment penalties and deferred financing cost write-offs.
 
  •  Sold $50 million aggregate principal amount of 5.25% senior unsecured notes due January 2015 in February 2005 under our medium-term note program. These notes represent a re-opening of the 5.25% senior unsecured notes due January 2015 that were issued in November 2004, and these notes constitute a single series of notes. The February 2005 issuance of these notes brought the aggregate principal amount of the 5.25% senior unsecured notes to $150 million. The net proceeds of approximately $50 million were used for debt repayment and to fund the acquisition of apartment communities.
 
  •  Sold our shares in Rent.com, a leading Internet listing web site in the apartment and rental housing industry, in February 2005. As a result, United Dominion received cash proceeds and recorded a one-time gain of $12.3 million on the sale. As part of the transaction, an additional $0.8 million was placed in escrow and will be recorded as revenue when received.
 
  •  Sold $50 million aggregate principal amount of 5.25% senior unsecured notes due January 2015 in March 2005 under our medium-term note program. These notes represent a re-opening of the 5.25% senior unsecured notes due January 2015 that were issued in November 2004, and these notes constitute a single series of notes. The March 2005 issuance of these notes brought the aggregate principal amount of the 5.25% senior unsecured notes to $200 million. The net proceeds of approximately $50 million were used for debt repayment and to fund the acquisition of apartment communities.
Credit Facilities
      We have four secured revolving credit facilities with Fannie Mae with an aggregate commitment of $860 million. As of March 31, 2005, $656.3 million was outstanding under the Fannie Mae credit facilities leaving $203.7 million of unused capacity. The Fannie Mae credit facilities are for an initial term of ten years, bear interest at floating and fixed rates, and can be extended for an additional five years at our discretion. We have $288.9 million of the funded balance fixed at a weighted average interest rate of 6.4%. The remaining balance on these facilities is currently at a weighted average variable rate of 3.4%.
      We have a $500 million three-year unsecured revolving credit facility that matures in March 2006. If we receive commitments from additional lenders or if the initial lenders increase their commitments, we will be able to increase the credit facility to $650 million. At our option, the credit facility can be extended one year to March 2007. Based on our current credit ratings, the credit facility bears interest at a rate equal to LIBOR plus 90 basis points. As of March 31, 2005, $348.8 million was outstanding under the credit facility leaving $151.2 million of unused capacity.

19


Table of Contents

      The Fannie Mae credit facility and the bank revolving credit facility are subject to customary financial covenants and limitations.
      Information concerning short-term bank borrowings under our credit facility is summarized in the table that follows (dollars in thousands):
                 
    Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
    March 31, 2005   December 31, 2004
         
Total revolving credit facility
  $ 500,000     $ 500,000  
Borrowings outstanding at end of period
    348,800       278,100  
Weighted average daily borrowings during the period
    151,559       127,665  
Maximum daily borrowings during the period
    348,800       356,500  
Weighted average interest rate during the period
    2.8 %     2.0 %
Weighted average interest rate at end of period
    3.2 %     2.7 %
Funds from Operations
      Funds from operations, or FFO, is defined as net income (computed in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of depreciable property, plus real estate depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. We compute FFO for all periods presented in accordance with the recommendations set forth by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trust’s (“NAREIT”) April 1, 2002 White Paper. We consider FFO in evaluating property acquisitions and our operating performance, and believe that FFO should be considered along with, but not as an alternative to, net income as a measure of our operating performance. FFO does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, and is not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund cash needs.
      Historical cost accounting for real estate assets in accordance with GAAP implicitly assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. Since real estate values instead have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, many industry investors and analysts have considered the presentation of operating results for real estate companies that use historical cost accounting to be insufficient by themselves. Thus, NAREIT created FFO as a supplemental measure of REIT operating performance and defines FFO as net income (computed in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of depreciable property, plus depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. The use of FFO, combined with the required presentations, has been fundamentally beneficial, improving the understanding of operating results of REITs among the investing public and making comparisons of REIT operating results more meaningful. We generally consider FFO to be a useful measure for reviewing our comparative operating and financial performance (although FFO should be reviewed in conjunction with net income which remains the primary measure of performance) because by excluding gains or losses related to sales of previously depreciated operating real estate assets and excluding real estate asset depreciation and amortization, FFO can help one compare the operating performance of a company’s real estate between periods or as compared to different companies. We believe that FFO is the best measure of economic profitability for real estate investment trusts.

20


Table of Contents

      The following table outlines our FFO calculation and reconciliation to generally accepted accounting principles for the three months ended March 31, (dollars and shares in thousands):
                   
    2005   2004
         
Net income
  $ 14,941     $ 15,312  
Adjustments:
               
 
Distributions to preferred stockholders
    (3,842 )     (5,085 )
 
Real estate depreciation and amortization
    51,715       39,111  
 
Minority interests of unitholders in operating partnership
    162       209  
 
Real estate depreciation related to unconsolidated entities
    62       57  
Discontinued Operations:
               
 
Real estate depreciation
    4       3,800  
 
Minority interests of unitholders in operating partnership
    529       397  
 
Net gains on sales of depreciable property
    (7,023 )     (1,205 )
             
Funds from operations — basic
  $ 56,548     $ 52,596  
             
 
Distributions to preferred stockholders — Series D and E (Convertible)
    931       2,174  
             
Funds from operations — diluted
  $ 57,479     $ 54,770  
             
 
Gains on the disposition of real estate developed for sale
    459        
             
FFO with gains on the disposition of real estate developed for sale — diluted
  $ 57,938     $ 54,770  
             
Weighted average number of common shares and OP Units outstanding — basic
    144,586       135,901  
Weighted average number of common shares, OP Units, and common stock equivalents outstanding — diluted
    150,187       145,163  
      In the computation of diluted FFO, OP units, out-performance partnership shares, and the shares of Series D Cumulative Convertible Redeemable Preferred Stock and Series E Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock are dilutive; therefore, they are included in the diluted share count. For the three months ended March 31, 2004, distributions to preferred stockholders exclude $1.6 million related to premiums on preferred stock conversions.
      Gains from the disposition of real estate investments developed for sale is defined as net sales proceeds less a tax provision (such development by REITs must be conducted in a taxable REIT subsidiary) and the gross investment basis of the asset before accumulated depreciation. We consider FFO with gains/losses on real estate developed for sale to be a meaningful supplemental measure of performance because the short-term use of funds produce a profit that differs from the traditional long-term investment in real estate for REITs.
      The following is a reconciliation of GAAP gains from the disposition of real estate developed for sale to gross gains from the disposition of real estate developed for sale for the three months ended March 31, (dollars in thousands):
                 
    2005   2004
         
GAAP gains on the disposition of real estate developed for sale
  $ 466     $  
Less: accumulated depreciation
    (7 )      
             
Gains on the disposition of real estate developed for sale
  $ 459     $  
             

21


Table of Contents

      The following table is our reconciliation of FFO share information to weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted, reflected on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, (shares in thousands):
                   
    2005   2004
         
Weighted average number of common shares and OP units outstanding — basic
    144,586       135,901  
Weighted average number of OP units outstanding
    (8,519 )     (8,917 )
             
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding — basic per the Consolidated Statements of Operations
    136,067       126,984  
             
Weighted average number of common shares, OP units, and common stock equivalents outstanding — diluted
    150,187       145,163  
Weighted average number of OP units outstanding
    (8,519 )     (8,917 )
Weighted average number of Series A OPPSs outstanding
    (1,791 )     (1,791 )
Weighted average number of Series D preferred shares outstanding
          (3,077 )
Weighted average number of Series E preferred shares outstanding
    (2,804 )     (3,425 )
             
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding — diluted per the Consolidated Statements of Operations
    137,073       127,953  
             
      FFO also does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and therefore should not be considered an alternative to net cash flows from operating activities, as determined by generally accepted accounting principles, as a measure of liquidity. Additionally, it is not necessarily indicative of cash availability to fund cash needs.
      The following is a presentation of cash flow metrics based on generally accepted accounting principles for the three months ended March 31, (dollars in thousands):
                 
    2005   2004
         
Net cash provided by operating activities
  $ 50,370     $ 38,255  
Net cash used in investing activities
    (71,228 )     (74,837 )
Net cash provided by financing activities
    14,615       33,731  
Results of Operations
      The following discussion includes the results of both continuing and discontinued operations for the periods presented.
Net Income Available to Common Stockholders
      Net income available to common stockholders was $11.1 million ($0.08 per diluted share) for the quarter ended March 31, 2005, compared to $8.7 million ($0.07 per diluted share) for the same period in the prior year. The increase for the quarter ended March 31, 2005 when compared to the same period in 2004 resulted primarily from the following items, all of which are discussed in further detail elsewhere within this Report:
  •  a $12.6 million increase in non-property income,
 
  •  an $11.3 million increase in apartment community operating results,
 
  •  $5.8 million more in gains recognized from the sale of depreciable property,
 
  •  a $1.6 million decrease in premiums paid on preferred stock conversions, and
 
  •  $1.2 million less in preferred stock distributions.

22


Table of Contents

      These increases in income were partially offset by a $10.2 million increase in interest expense, an $8.8 million increase in depreciation and amortization expense, an $8.5 million increase in losses on early debt retirement, and a $2.2 million increase in general and administrative expense during the first quarter of 2005 when compared to the same period in 2004.
Apartment Community Operations
      Our net income is primarily generated from the operation of our apartment communities. The following table summarizes the operating performance of our total apartment portfolio for the three months ended March 31, (dollars in thousands):
                         
    2005   2004   % Change
             
Property rental income
  $ 174,981     $ 158,505       10.4 %
Property operating expense*
    (67,226 )     (62,031 )     8.4 %
                   
Property operating income
  $ 107,755     $ 96,474       11.7 %
                   
Weighted average number of homes
    78,006       76,314       2.2 %
Physical occupancy**
    94.1 %     93.1 %     1.0 %
 
  Excludes depreciation, amortization, and property management expenses.
**  Based upon weighted average stabilized homes.
      The following table is our reconciliation of property operating income to net income as reflected on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, (dollars in thousands):
                   
    2005   2004
         
Property operating income
  $ 107,755     $ 96,474  
Commercial operating income
    47       69  
Non-property income
    12,982       395  
Real estate depreciation and amortization
    (52,390 )     (43,858 )
Interest
    (39,160 )     (28,913 )
General and administrative and property management
    (11,813 )     (9,115 )
Other operating expenses
    (290 )     (270 )
Loss on early debt retirement
    (8,464 )     (5 )
Net gain on sale of depreciable property
    7,023       1,205  
Minority interests
    (749 )     (670 )
             
 
Net income per the Consolidated Statements of Operations
  $ 14,941     $ 15,312  
             
Same Communities
      Our same communities (those communities acquired, developed, and stabilized prior to December 31, 2003 and held on March 31, 2005, which consisted of 63,893 apartment homes) provided 77% of our property operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2005.
      For the first quarter of 2005, same community property operating income increased 3.8% or $3.0 million compared to the same period in 2004. The increase in property operating income was primarily attributable to a 2.7% or $3.6 million increase in revenues from rental and other income that was offset by a 1.1% or $0.6 million increase in operating expenses. The increase in revenues from rental and other income was primarily driven by a 0.9% or $1.3 million increase in rental rates, a 13.4% or $1.3 million decrease in vacancy loss, a 59.9% or $0.2 million decrease in bad debt, a 6.1% or $0.2 million decrease in concession expense, and a 6.8% or $0.6 million increase in utility reimbursement income and fee income. Physical occupancy increased 1.1% to 94.4%.

23


Table of Contents

      The increase in property operating expenses was primarily driven by a 2.3% or $0.3 million increase in real estate taxes, a 130.3% or $0.3 million increase in incentive compensation, and a 2.2% or $0.3 million increase in personnel expense, all of which were offset by a 2.2% or $0.2 million decrease in utilities expense and a 1.4% or $0.1 million decrease in repair and maintenance costs.
      As a result of the percentage changes in property rental income and property operating expenses, the operating margin (property operating income divided by property rental income) increased 0.6% to 61.3%.
Non-Mature Communities
      The remaining 23% of our property operating income during the first three months of 2005 was generated from communities that we classify as “non-mature communities” (primarily those communities acquired or developed during the fourth quarter of 2003, and in 2004 and 2005, sold properties, and those properties classified as real estate held for disposition). The 34 communities with 10,608 apartment homes that we acquired during the fourth quarter of 2003, and in 2004 and 2005 provided $18.4 million of property operating income. The 10 communities with 1,855 apartment homes sold during the first three months of 2005 provided $0.6 million of property operating income. In addition, our development communities, which included 178 apartment homes constructed since January 1, 2003, provided $0.3 million of property operating income during 2005, the one community with 769 apartment homes classified as real estate held for disposition provided $1.4 million of property operating income, and other non-mature communities provided $4.1 million of property operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2005.
Real Estate Depreciation and Amortization
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, real estate depreciation and amortization on both continuing and discontinued operations increased 20.5% or $8.8 million compared to the same period in 2004, primarily due to the overall increase in the weighted average number of apartment homes and the significant increase in per home acquisition cost compared to the existing portfolio, and other capital expenditures.
Interest Expense
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, interest expense on both continuing and discontinued operations increased 35.4% or $10.2 million from the same period in 2004 primarily due to the issuance of debt. For the three months ended March 31, 2005, the weighted average amount of debt outstanding increased 51.8% or $1.1 billion compared to the same period in 2004. However, this was partially offset by the weighted average interest rate declining from 5.2% to 5.0% during 2005. The weighted average amount of debt outstanding during 2005 is higher than 2004 as acquisition costs in the last three quarters of 2004 and in 2005 have been funded, in most part, by the issuance of debt. The decrease in the weighted average interest rate during 2005 reflects our ability to take advantage of lower interest rates through refinancing and the utilization of variable rate debt.
General and Administrative
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, general and administrative expenses increased $2.2 million or 47.2% compared to the same period in 2004 primarily as a result of an increase in incentive compensation costs.
Gains on Sales of Land and Depreciable Property
      For the three months ended March 31, 2005, we recognized gains for financial reporting purposes of $7.0 million compared to $1.2 million for the comparable period in 2004. Changes in the level of gains recognized from period to period reflect the changing level of our divestiture activity from period to period, as well as the extent of gains related to specific properties sold.

24


Table of Contents

eBay Purchase of Rent.com
      On December 16, 2004, eBay announced that it had agreed to acquire privately held Rent.com, a leading Internet listing web site in the apartment and rental housing industry, for approximately $415 million plus acquisition costs, net of Rent.com’s cash on hand. On February 23, 2005, eBay announced that it had completed the acquisition. We owned shares in Rent.com, and as a result of the transaction, we received cash proceeds and recorded a one-time gain of $12.3 million on the sale. As part of the transaction, an additional $0.8 million was placed in escrow and will be recorded as revenue when received.
Inflation
      We believe that the direct effects of inflation on our operations have been immaterial. Substantially all of our leases are for a term of one year or less which generally minimizes our risk from the adverse effects of inflation.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
      We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenue or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material.
Factors Affecting Our Business and Prospects
      There are many factors that affect our business and the results of our operations, some of which are beyond our control. These factors include:
  •  unfavorable changes in apartment market and economic conditions that could adversely affect occupancy levels and rental rates,
 
  •  the failure of acquisitions to achieve anticipated results,
 
  •  possible difficulty in selling apartment communities,
 
  •  the timing and closing of planned dispositions under agreement,
 
  •  competitive factors that may limit our ability to lease apartment homes or increase or maintain rents,
 
  •  insufficient cash flow that could affect our debt financing and create refinancing risk,
 
  •  failure to generate sufficient revenue, which could impair our debt service payments and distributions to stockholders,
 
  •  development and construction risks that may impact our profitability,
 
  •  potential damage from natural disasters, including hurricanes and other weather-related events, which could result in substantial costs,
 
  •  delays in completing developments and lease-ups on schedule,
 
  •  our failure to succeed in new markets,
 
  •  changing interest rates, which could increase interest costs and affect the market price of our securities,
 
  •  potential liability for environmental contamination, which could result in substantial costs,
 
  •  the imposition of federal taxes if we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, and

25


Table of Contents

  •  our internal control over financial reporting may not be considered effective which could result in a loss of investor confidence in our financial reports, and in turn have an adverse effect on our stock price.
      For a discussion of these and other factors affecting our business and prospects, see “Item 1. — Business — Factors Affecting Our Business and Prospects” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.
Item 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
      United Dominion is exposed to interest rate changes associated with our unsecured credit facility and other variable rate debt as well as refinancing risk on our fixed rate debt. United Dominion’s involvement with derivative financial instruments is limited and we do not expect to use them for trading or other speculative purposes. In prior periods, United Dominion had used derivative instruments solely to manage its exposure to interest rates.
      See our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004 “Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” for a more complete discussion of our interest rate sensitive assets and liabilities. As of March 31, 2005, our market risk has not changed materially from the amounts reported on our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.
Item 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
      As of March 31, 2005, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed with the objective of ensuring that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in timely alerting them to material information required to be included in our periodic SEC reports. In addition, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that during the quarter ended March 31, 2005, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control over financial reporting is designed with the objective of providing reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
      It should be noted that the design of any system of controls is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions, regardless of how remote. However, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective under circumstances where our disclosure controls and procedures should reasonably be expected to operate effectively.
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
Item 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
      On June 3, 1999, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase in open market transactions, in block transactions, or otherwise, of up to 5.5 million shares of our common stock. On December 5, 2000, our Board of Directors authorized the purchase of up to an additional 5.5 million shares of our common stock in open market transactions, in block purchases or otherwise. As of March 31, 2005, we have

26


Table of Contents

repurchased a total of 8,749,763 shares of our common stock under this program. As disclosed in the table below, we did not purchase any shares of our common stock during the quarter ended March 31, 2005.
                                   
            Total Number   Maximum Number
            of Shares   of Shares that
            Purchased as   May Yet Be
    Total Number   Average   Part of Publicly   Purchased Under
    of Shares   Price Per   Announced Plans   the Plans or
Period   Purchased   Share   or Programs   Programs
                 
January 1, 2005 through January 31, 2005
    0       N/A       0       2,250,237  
February 1, 2005 through February 28, 2005
    0       N/A       0       2,250,237  
March 1, 2005 through March 31, 2005
    0       N/A       0       2,250,237  
                         
 
Total
    0       N/A       0       2,250,237  
                         
Item 6. EXHIBITS
      The exhibits filed with this Report are set forth in the Exhibit Index.

27


Table of Contents

SIGNATURES
      Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
  United Dominion Realty Trust, Inc.
  (Registrant)
Date: May 9, 2005
  /s/ Christopher D. Genry
 
 
  Christopher D. Genry
  Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Date: May 9, 2005
  /s/ Scott A. Shanaberger
 
 
  Scott A. Shanaberger
  Senior Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer

28


Table of Contents

EXHIBIT INDEX
         
Exhibit No.   Description
     
  2 .1   Articles of Merger between the Company and United Dominion Realty Trust, Inc., a Virginia corporation, filed with the State Department of Assessments and Taxation of the State of Maryland (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.01 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated and filed with the Commission on June 11, 2003, Commission File No. 1-10524).
  2 .2   Certificate of Correction to Articles of Merger between the Company and United Dominion Realty Trust, Inc., a Virginia corporation, filed with the State Department of Assessments and Taxation of the State of Maryland on March 21, 2005 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.02 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 17, 2005 and filed with the Commission on March 22, 2005, Commission File No. 1-10524).
  3 .1   Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit A to Exhibit 2.01 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated and filed with the Commission on June 11, 2003, Commission File No. 1-10524).
  3 .2   Articles Supplementary filed with the State Department of Assessments and Taxation of the State of Maryland on March 21, 2005 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.02 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 17, 2005 and filed with the Commission on March 22, 2005, Commission File No. 1-10524).
  3 .3   Articles of Amendment to the Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation filed with the State Department of Assessments and Taxation of the State of Maryland on March 21, 2005 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.03 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 17, 2005 and filed with the Commission on March 22, 2005, Commission File No. 1-10524).
  3 .4   Certificate of Correction to Articles of Merger (see Exhibit 2.2).
  4 .1   Medium-Term Note due January 2015, issued February 14, 2005 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.22 to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004, Commission File No. 1-10524).
  4 .2   Medium-Term Note due January 2015, issued March 8, 2005 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.23 to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004, Commission File No. 1-10524).
  4 .3   Medium-Term Note due January 2015, issued May 3, 2005.
  10 .1   Compensation Summary (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.25 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004, Commission File No. 1-10524).
  12     Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges.
  31 .1   Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of the Chief Executive Officer.
  31 .2   Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of the Chief Financial Officer.
  32 .1   Section 1350 Certification of the Chief Executive Officer.
  32 .2   Section 1350 Certification of the Chief Financial Officer.